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Deadly Storms Continue to Wreak Havoc in Italy

Posted by feww on November 16, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE FLOODING
DEADLY MUDSLIDES
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  900, 888, 444, 111, 070, 066, 027, 025, 024, 023, 022, 09, 02
.

Mudslides triggered by EREs claim more lives in Italy

Extreme weather events have left at least a dozen people dead in Italy during the past four weeks.

The Liguria region has received more rain over the past two weeks than it normally gets in the entire year, said a report.

Extreme Rain Events (EREs) since mid October have swamped large swathes of Italy, inundating homes, businesses and infrastructure, causing damage estimated at up to two billion dollars so far.

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Flooding Forces Thousands to Evacuate in Italy November 6, 2014

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First Paralyzing Winter Storm Arrives

Posted by feww on November 15, 2014

DISASTERS CAUSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE
EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
PARALYZING WINTER STORM
SCENARIOS  887, 785, 666, 560, [500,] 444, 187, 177, 157, 111, 078, 063, 027, 023, 02
.

Arctic blast continues across much of the US: NWS

First major winter storm of the 2014/15 hitting the Rockies

A January-like weather pattern is forecast to continue across most of the US, with
another arctic surface high moving south from Canada, said NWS forecasters, reinforcing the freezing air mass already in place . . . “unseasonably cold temperatures will fall even further this weekend, and the cold temperatures will persist for most of the central and eastern U.S.”

The first significant winter storm for the central Rockies and intermountain West is underway and bringing heavy snow to the higher elevations and a wintry mix to the valley locations. Parts of Oregon and Idaho have already seen significant snow and ice accumulations from this event, and winter storm warnings and winter weather advisories are in effect from Oregon to the Colorado Rockies. [NWS]

The cold weather is forecast to affect the Deep South, with sub-freezing overnight lows from eastern Texas to the southeast coast, said the forecasters.

min temp-11-15-2014

National High and Low Temperature (for the contiguous United States)
NWS Weather Prediction Center, College Park, MD – Issued 7 pm EST Friday, November 14, 2014

High Temperature for Friday, November 14, 2014

  • 29°C (84 degrees F) at Pembroke Pines, FL

Low Temperature for Friday, November 14, 2014

  • -31°C (-24 degrees F) at Jordan, MT
  • -31°C (-24 degrees F) at 12 miles north of Hingham, MT

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Drought, Freeze Destroy More Crops in U.S. West, Southeast

Posted by feww on November 14, 2014

DISASTERS CAUSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE
EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
DROUGHT
FREEZING TEMPERATURES
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  560, 444, 187, 177, 157, 111, 100, 03, 02
.

Crop Disasters Declared for 25 Counties across Four States

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared crop disasters in multiple counties across four states—Idaho, Oregon, Tennessee and Washington—due to the losses and damage caused by recent drought, and freezing temperatures.

Designation #1 : Crop damage and losses caused by drought

USDA has declared crop disasters for the following counties in Idaho and Oregon due to losses and damages caused by a recent drought.

  •  Idaho: Adams, Gem, Idaho, Valley and Washington counties.
  • Oregon: Baker and Wallowa counties.

Designation #2 : Crop damage and losses caused also by drought

(USDA) has designated Wallowa County in Oregon as a primary natural disaster area due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

  • Oregon: Baker, Umatilla, Union and Wallowa counties.
  • Idaho: Adams, Idaho and Nez Perce counties.
  • Washington: Asotin, Columbia and Garfield counties.

Designation #3 : Crop damage and losses caused by Freezing Temperatures

USDA has designated eight counties in Tennessee as crop disaster areas due to damages and loses caused by freezing temperatures that occurred on March 26 and 27, 2014.

The disaster designations are as follows:

  • Bedford, Coffee, Marshall, Wilson, Cannon, Davidson, Rutherford and Williamson counties.

Crop Disasters 2014

Beginning January 10, 2014 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 2,707 counties across 41 states. Most of those designations are due to  drought.

Those states are

  • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on November 12, 2014.

Latest/ Recent Crop Disaster Declarations

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‘Misunderestimated’

Posted by feww on November 9, 2014

Images of the day:

Timelapse camera caught in Kīlauea overflow

HVO- preimage-955-s
A timelapse camera that USGS HVO scientists were using to monitor a lava tube skylight was caught in an overflow this morning. In this view, recent lava has surrounded the tripod and melted the power cable. Daily updates about Kīlauea’s ongoing eruptions, recent images and videos of summit and East Rift Zone volcanic activity, and data about recent earthquakes are posted on the HVO Web site at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov. [Source: HVO]

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Severe Flooding Swamps W. Uganda, Slovenia, BA, Argentina

Posted by feww on November 8, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
MAJOR DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE STORMS, FLOODING
SCENARIOS 900, 477, 444, 111,  097, 071, 070, 066, 047, 027, 025, 023
.

Deadly Floods Triggered by EREs Hit Buenos Aires Province

Extreme Rain Events (EREs) since late October have flooded the Luján River, inundating large areas across 23 districts in Buenos Aires Province, and forcing more than 5,300 evacuations, government sources were reported as saying.

The worst affected areas are Tigre, Quilmes, San Fernando, Ensenada and Lomas de Zamora, as well as Luján and La Matanza.

At least two deaths have been attributed to the flooding, said a report.

EREs Displace Thousands in Western Uganda

At least 16,000 people have been displaced in the western Uganda due to severe flooding after River Semliki burst its banks following extreme rain events (EREs)

Slovenia issues more flood alerts

Flood alerts have been issued for central and southern Slovenia as extreme rain events continued to pound the country.

Thousands of homes around Ljubljana, the capital and largest city of Slovenia, have been flooded as rivers continued rising, local media reported.

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Major Disasters Declared in Arizona, Nevada

Posted by feww on November 7, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
MAJOR DISASTERS
SEVERE STORMS, FLOODING
FEDERAL DISASTERS DECLARED
SCENARIOS 900, 477, 444, 111, 101, 097, 066, 027, 023
.

Major Disasters Declared for Arizona, Nevada

The White House has declared federal disasters in Arizona and Nevada due to losses and damage caused by extreme weather and climatic events.

Arizona Major Disasters Caused by Severe Storms and Flooding (DR-4203)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Arizona in the area affected by severe storms and flooding during the period of September 7-9, 2014.

The worst affected areas are the counties of La Paz and Maricopa.

Nevada Major Disasters Caused by Severe Storms and Flooding (DR-4202)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists also in the Nevada  in the area affected by severe storms and flooding during the period of September 7-9, 2014.

The worst affected areas are the Moapa Band of Paiutes Reservation.

The Federal Coordinating Officers for federal recovery operations in the affected area across both states said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments.

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Nevada Quake Swarm Intensifies

Posted by feww on November 6, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARD
SCENARIOS 09, 08, 07, 02
.

Quake cluster continues to strike northern Nevada

Northern Nevada has been rattled by a swarm of at least 129 quakes in the past 7 days, with about 58 of the shocks measuring magnitude 2.5 or greater, according to data provided by USGS/EHP.

The largest quake measured 4.7Mw, striking at a depth of 5.3km north of the Bald Mountain.

EQ Details

Event Time: 2014-11-06 08:34:46 UTC
Location: 41.904°N 119.656°W depth=5.3km (3.3mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 68km (42mi) ESE of Lakeview, Oregon
  • 177km (110mi) ESE of Altamont, Oregon
  • 181km (112mi) ESE of Klamath Falls, Oregon
  • 182km (113mi) NNE of Susanville, California
  • 300km (186mi) N of Carson City, Nevada

A magnitude 4.6 quake struck the cluster zone on November 5.

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Flooding Forces Thousands to Evacuate in Italy

Posted by feww on November 6, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
MAJOR FLOODING
MASS EVACUATIONS
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  900, 888, 444, 111, 070, 066, 027, 025, 024, 023, 022, 09, 02
.

Extreme Rain Events (EREs) Plague Entire Western Italy

Flooding and mudslides have destroyed orchards, vineyards in Tuscany, Liguria, and Veneto regions of Italy, said officials

Mass evacuations were ordered in coastal areas of Tuscany and Liguria, as extreme rain events triggered severe flooding and mudslided. Authorities issued a “red alert” for most of Liguria.

“Schools have been closed in Carrara, which is halfway between Florence and Genoa, while trains have also been stopped,” said a report.

In the Tuscan city of Carrara, halfway between Florence and Genoa, more than 200 meters of riverbank collapsed into Carrione River, with floodwaters trapping hundreds of families inside their homes.

The Po River in Lombardy rose by more than two meters in 24 hours on Wednesday.

The lagoon city of Venice was also flooded by high water.

Piemonte and parts of Liguria have also been put heightened alert amid EREs, said reports.

Posted in Climate Change, environment, Global Disaster watch | Tagged: , , , , , | 2 Comments »

State of Emergency Declared in Maine after Record Snow

Posted by feww on November 4, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EARLY SEASON BLIZZARD
POWEFUL NOR’EASTER
STATE OF EMERGENCY
SCENARIOS 887, 560, 477, 444, 177, 111, 066, 064, 027, 025, 023, 02
.

Massive “nor’easter” brings record snow to Maine

Gov. LePage issued an emergency proclamation after a rare, early season storm brought record snowfall to the state of Maine.

The powerful storm knocked out power to about 150,000 homes and businesses and made travel conditions treacherous across The Pine Tree State.

About 53 cm (21 inches) of snow fell in Cary, near the border with Canada, with double-digit totals reported across the state.

“Snow also fell as far south and east as Charleston, South Carolina — the earliest flakes on record in the city — over the weekend,” said a report.

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Federal Disaster Declared due to Hawaii Eruption, Lava Flow

Posted by feww on November 4, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
KILAUEA JUNE 27TH LAVA FLOW
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARATION
SCENARIOS 989, 900, 797, 787, 707, 444, 402, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
.

Major Disaster Declaration for Kīlauea June 27th Flow (DR – 4201)

The White House has declared a federal disaster in Hawaii County due to Kilauea’s Pu’u ‘Ō’ō volcanic eruption and the June 27th lava flow.

“Kenneth K. Suiso has been named as the Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area.  Suiso said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments,” said White House in a statement.

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25’16″ N 155°17’13″ W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Kīlauea Latest Images: November 2, 2014

HVO preImage-942
A breakout occurs from an inflated lobe of the June 27th lava flow on Sunday morning, November 2, 2014. Scattered breakouts like this, which took place about 200 meters (218 yards) upslope of the stalled leading edge, have been common over the past few days and are filling in low points behind the flow front. [Source: HVO]

Summit Observations: At Kīlauea volcano’s summit, tilt and lava lake level inferred from the webcams continue their gradual recoveries following last week’s DI event. Volcanic tremor persists at low amplitudes which show episodic fluctuation. There are no significant local seismic events evident on the seismograms from the NPT seismic station that is closest to Halemaʻumaʻu Crater. Sulfur-dioxide emission rate measurements for the summit ranged from 4,250 up to 7,000 tonnes/day (see caveat below) through the week-long period ending October 28, 2014. A small amount of particulate material was carried aloft by the plume. [HVO]

Activity Summary: Kīlauea volcano continued to erupt at its summit and within its East Rift Zone, and gas emissions remained elevated. As of Monday morning, the leading edge of the June 27th lava flow had not advanced beyond where it stalled late last week, in a residential area approximately 155 meters (170 yards) above Pāhoa Village Road. Activity behind the lava flow’s leading edge, within the flow’s interior and along its side margins, continued with localized breakouts of molten lava. Gradual inflation was recorded by the tiltmeters at Kīlauea’s summit. The level of the summit lava lake at Halemaʻumaʻu Crater, as reflected in web cam images, has also risen since Sunday. [HVO]

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Freeze Warning for Eastern Third of U.S.

Posted by feww on November 2, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
HALLOWEEN BLIZZARD
STORMS, HIGH WINDS, FLOOD WARNINGS
SCENARIOS 887, 560, 477, 444, 177, 111, 066, 064, 027, 025, 023, 02
.

Temperatures plunge 20ºC along parts SE Coast and Central Appalachians: NWS

“The eastern third of the nation will continue to experience well below average temperatures this weekend behind a strong cold front. A coastal low pressure system will strengthen on Sunday and bring gusty winds and precipitation to most of the Northeast Coast, including heavy snow for northern New England,” said NWS.

Meantime, a rare autumn blizzard has dumped up to 41cm (16 inch) of snow on portions of of the Carolinas and  Tennessee, blocking a large stretch of I40 in the Great Smoky Mountains.

weather hazmap
US Weather Hazmap for Nov 2, 2014, issued by NWS at 07:58UTC.

Current extreme weather warnings are in effect for Winter Storms, High Wind, Coastal Flooding, Gale, and Freeze.
 

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Major Disaster Declared in the State of Missouri

Posted by feww on November 1, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
MAJOR DISASTERS
SEVERE STORMS, STRAIGHT-LINE WINDS, FLOODING
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARED
SCENARIOS 900, 477, 444, 111, 101, 088, 066, 064, 027, 023, 02
.

Federal Disaster declared in Missouri due to damage caused by Extreme Weather Events (DR-4200)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the the state of Missouri in the areas affected by severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding during September 9-10, 2014.

Areas worst affected by the extreme weather disasters include the counties of Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Daviess, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Knox, Lewis, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Mercer, Nodaway, Putnam, Ralls, Shelby, Sullivan, and Worth.

Additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments, said the Federal Coordinating Officer in charge of the recovery operations in the affected areas.

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Drought Disaster Declared in Two States

Posted by feww on October 31, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
DROUGHT
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  900, 444, 117, 111, 100, 067, 03, 02
.

Crop Disaster Declared for Eight Counties in Georgia and Alabama

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated a total of eight counties in Georgia and Alabama as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

The disaster designations are for the following areas:

  • Georgia. Early, Baker, Calhoun, Clay, Miller and Seminole counties.
  • Alabama. Henry and Houston counties.

Crop Disasters 2014

Beginning January 10, 2014 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 2,690 counties across 41 states. Most of those designations are due to  drought.

Those states are

  • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on October 29, 2014.

Crop Disaster Declarations since September 2014

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Major Disaster Declaration Proclaimed for New Mexico

Posted by feww on October 31, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
MAJOR DISASTERS
REMNANTS OF TROPICAL DEPRESSION ODILE
SEVERE FLOODING
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARED
SCENARIOS 900, 444, 111, 101, 066, 064, 027, 023, 02
.

Federal Disaster declared in New Mexico due to damage caused by severe flooding (DR-4199)

“Just weeks after receiving a federal declaration, and a subsequent amendment only days ago adding more counties for July 27-August 5 flooding, a second presidential declaration has been approved, this time providing federal assistance for flooding caused by the remnants of Tropical Depression Odile between September 15-26,” said the federal officials.

The new declaration is said to cover  state agencies, tribal governments, certain nonprofits, community ditch associations and other local government entities in Colfax, Eddy, Lea, Lincoln, Otero, Santa Fe, San Miguel and Sierra counties.

“The flooding between July and September was devastating for many of our communities,” said the State Coordinating Officer.

Additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments, said the Federal Coordinating Officer.

 Federal Disaster Declarations Since July 2014

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June 27th Flow Could Reach Ocean by May 2015

Posted by feww on October 30, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
KILAUEA JUNE 27TH LAVA FLOW
STATE OF EMERGENCY PROCLAMATION
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
CROP DESTRUCTION
SCENARIOS 989, 900, 797, 787, 707, 444, 402, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
.

Kilauea’s lava flow continues to cross Pāhoa Village

FIRE-EARTH estimates the June 27th flow could reach the ocean, currently about 10km away, by May 2015. Temperature of the lava exceeds 850°C along the leading edge of the most rapidly advancing part of the flow.

HVO Daily Update:  October 29, 2014 @09:12 AM HST (Wednesday, October 29, 2014 @ 19:12 UTC)

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
Coordinates: 19°25’16″ N 155°17’13″ W (19.421111N, 155.286944W)
Summit Elevation: 4091 ft (1,247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Activity Summary: Kīlauea continues to erupt at its summit and within its East Rift Zone, and gas emissions remained elevated. Currently, the June 27th flow is advancing northeast through a residential area between Apaʻa St/Cemetery Rd and Pāhoa Village Road. During the past 24 hours, the leading edge of the most rapidly advancing part of the flow advanced at an average rate of roughly 10 m/hr (~11 yd/hr); between 2am and 630 am this morning, the rate of advance slowed to roughly 5 m/hr (~5.5 yd/hr). At 7AM, the flow front was about 240 m (~260 yd) straight-line distance from Pāhoa Village Road. Source: HVO

Currently, the flow continues to advance at a rate of 5 m/hr (~5.5 yd/hr), said HVO.

  • GPS receivers in the summit area have recorded slight contraction across the caldera since early July. The most recent sulfur-dioxide emission rate measurements for the summit were 2,700–3,600 tonnes/day (see caveat here) for the week ending October 21, 2014.
  • The ambient SO2 concentrations near the vent vary greatly, but are persistently higher than 10 ppm and frequently exceed 50 ppm (upper limit of detector) during moderate trade winds.
  • The gas plume typically includes a small amount of ash-sized tephra (mostly fresh spatter bits and Pele’s hair from the circulating lava lake). The heaviest pieces are deposited onto nearby surfaces while the finer bits can be carried several kilometers before dropping out of the plume.


A view of the flow over Cemetery Rd./Apaʻa St. The transfer station is at the top of the image. Source: HVO


The June 27th flow remains active, and is slowly approaching Pāhoa Village Road. This photo was taken just before 10 am, and shows the flow front moving through private property towards a low point on the road. At 11:30 am today, the flow front was 215 m (235 yards) from Pāhoa Village Road. Source: HVO


This photo looks downslope from Cemetery Road, and shows the pasture and cemetery that the flow front advanced through several days ago. Much of the cemetery has been covered by lava, but a kipuka has left a portion of the cemetery uncovered for now. Source: HVO

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Deadly Landslide Buries Scores of Homes in Sri Lanka

Posted by feww on October 29, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
DEADLY LANDLIDES
LOSS OF HABITAT
MASS DISPLACEMENT
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  900, 888, 444, 111, 071, 047, 027, 022, 09, 02
.

ERE unleash deadly landslide killing a dozen, leaving hundreds missing in Sri Lanka

A deadly landslide caused by extreme monsoon rains buried score of homes with hundreds of occupants in Meiriyabedda tea plantation near the town of Haldummulla in Uva Province, Sri Lankan officials said.

“Rescue operations have recovered 10 bodies so far,” said a spokesman for the Disaster Management Center, adding that the landslide was more than 3km long.

“At least 250 people are still missing and 140 homes are buried.”

Landslides in Sri Lanka killed at least two dozen people and left thousands displaced earlier this year.

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Lava Enters Two Residences in Pāhoa

Posted by feww on October 29, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
KILAUEA JUNE 27TH LAVA FLOW
STATE OF EMERGENCY PROCLAMATION
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
CROP DESTRUCTION
SCENARIOS 989, 900, 797, 787, 707, 444, 402, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
.

Kīlauea June 27th flow enters Pāhoa, Hawaii

Lava is crossing Pāhoa Village, Hawaii at a rate of about 15 m/hr (16yd/hr), according to observers from Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO).

Tuesday, October 28, 2014 5:57 PM HST (Wednesday, October 29, 2014 03:57 UTC)

Kīlauea Volcano Activity Summary: Kīlauea continued to erupt at its summit and within the East Rift Zone, and gas emissions remained elevated. The advance rate of the narrow leading edge has been variable over the past day, and as high as 16 meters (17 yards) per hour. The flow width was less than about 50 meters (55 yards) at the leading edge and as wide as 150 meters (165 yards) immediately upslope as breakouts have occurred along margins of the flow. Portions of the flow continued to inflate by as much as 2 meters as new fresh new lava was delivered to the advancing flow front.

As of 5:30 PM, the flow was 310 meters (340 yards) in a straight line distance from Pāhoa Village Road and about 900 meters (985 yards) in a straight-line distance from Highway 130.

The lava lobe upslope of Apa`a Street advanced about 30 meters (82 yards) since yesterday. [Source: HVO]

June 27th Lava Flow Observations:



Top: The most rapidly advancing lobe of the flow entered the first occupied residential property at about 2 am HST Tuesday morning, and is continuing to advance northeast towards Pāhoa Village Road, currently at a rate of 15 m/hr (16 yd/hr). HVO expects the flow to cross Pahoa Village Road between Apaʻa St and Post Office Road. Bottom: Note the inflated flow behind the fence, which is chest-high. (Source: HVO)


The June 27th lava flow burns vegetation as it approaches a property boundary above Pāhoa early on the morning of Tuesday, October 28, 2014. (Source: HVO)

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Lava Flow Nearing Residences in Pāhoa, Hawaii

Posted by feww on October 28, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
KILAUEA JUNE 27TH LAVA FLOW
STATE OF EMERGENCY PROCLAMATION
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
CROP DESTRUCTION
SCENARIOS 989, 900, 797, 787, 707, 444, 402, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
.

Kīlauea continues to erupt,

Active lava flows can produce methane blasts, propelling rocks and other debris into the air, said HVO.

Kilauea Status Reports, Updates, and Information Releases  issued by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)

Monday, October 27, 2014 5:51 PM HST (Tuesday, October 28, 2014 03:51 UTC)

  • The advance rate of the narrow leading edge varied between 7 and 10 meters (8 and 11 yards) per hour today, which is equivalent to 170 and 240 meters (185 and 260 yards) per day. As of 4:30 PM, the flow was 510 meters (560 yards) upslope from Pāhoa Village Road; the flow width was about 50 meters (55 yards) at the leading edge.
  • The most recent sulfur-dioxide emission rate measurements for the summit were 2,700–3,600 tonnes/day (see caveat here) for the week ending October 21, 2014. A small amount of particulate material was carried aloft by the plume.
  • Potentially-lethal concentrations of sulfur dioxide gas may be present within 1 km downwind of vent areas.


The June 27th lava flow remained active, and the flow front was nearing residential areas in the northwest portion of Pāhoa. The flow front was heading towards a low spot on the Pāhoa Village Road, between Apaʻa St. and the post office. This photo was taken at 11:30 am HST on Monday, when the flow front was 540 meters (0.3 miles) from Pāhoa Village Road. Source: HVO


This annotated photograph shows the notable features around the flow front. The photo was taken at 11:30 am, and also shows the distance the flow front has traveled between Cemetery Rd./Apaʻa St. and Pāhoa Village Rd. Source: HVO


A comparison of a normal photograph with a thermal image. The white box shows the approximate extent of the thermal image. The elevated temperatures (white and yellow areas) around the flow front indicate that significant activity is focused at the front, driving its forward movement. In addition, a slow-moving lobe was active upslope of Cemetery Rd. Farther upslope, scattered breakouts persist in the wider portion of the flow.  Source: HVO

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Kīlauea Lava Flow Consuming Everything Along Its Paths

Posted by feww on October 27, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
KILAUEA JUNE 27TH LAVA FLOW
STATE OF EMERGENCY PROCLAMATION
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
CROP DESTRUCTION
SCENARIOS 989, 900, 797, 787, 707, 444, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
.

Kīlauea Lava Flow Advancing toward Pāhoa, Hawaii

The June 27th lava flow continues advancing toward Pāhoa at a rate of up to 360 meters per day.

Kilauea Status Reports, Updates, and Information Releases  issued by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)

Sunday, October 26, 2014 5:59 PM HST (Monday, October 27, 2014 03:59 UTC)

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25’16″ N, 155°17’13″ W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1,247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

The relatively narrow finger of lava that crossed Apaʻa Street yesterday morning continued to travel downslope, splitting into two lobes as it advanced. The faster, northern lobe crossed completely through the Pāhoa cemetery by mid-morning, while the slower southern lobe was advancing through open pasture south of the cemetery. Another lobe farther upslope, just above Apaʻa Street, advanced about 50 meters (55 yards) since yesterday.

Over the course of the day, the advance rate of the narrow finger that crossed the cemetery varied from about 10 and 15 meters per hour (11 to 16 yards per hour), which is equivalent to 240–360 meters per day (260–390 yards per day). As of 5 PM, the faster-moving finger was about 390 meters (425 yards) downslope of Apaʻa Street and 660 meters (720 yards) upslope from Pāhoa Village Road. It had an average width of about 40 m (45 yd). The slightly slower-moving southern lobe in the pasture south of the cemetery reached slightly steeper terrain at mid-afternoon today, and was traveling at about 9 meters per hour (10 yards per hour) at 5 PM. It will likely rejoin with the finger that came through the cemetery near the northeast end of the pasture. [HVO]

 

HVO -905-small
As of 10 AM, HST, on October 26, 2014, the June 27th flow front remains active and continues to advance towards the northeast. A portion of the front is still moving through the open field (shown here), while the leading tip of the flow has advanced through the Pāhoa cemetery. Source: HVO

HVO-907-small
An HVO geologist walks across the surface of the flow, which covers the short access road to the cemetery. As is typical for pāhoehoe, the flow has inflated over the past day and was chest high in many places. Source: HVO


The June 27th lava flow crossed Apaʻa Street / Cemetery Road at 3:50 AM, HST, Saturday morning, October 25, 2014. In this photo, which was taken at about 9 AM Saturday, the flow is moving from right to left, with burning asphalt visible along it’s NW margin. A utility pole, far right, was surrounded by lava but remained standing at the time of the photo. The hope is that the protective insulation and cinder/cement barrier around the pole will prevent it from burning through. Source: HVO


This map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of the June 27th lava flow. The area of the flow on October 25, 2014, at 5:00 PM is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow as mapped on October 26 at 12:30 PM is shown in red. The dotted blue lines show steepest-descent paths in the area, calculated from a 1983 digital elevation model (DEM).  Source: HVO

Sulfur Dioxide Advisory Level

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Thousands of California Wells Drying Up

Posted by feww on October 24, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
DESERTIFICATION
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT, WATER FAMINE
SINKHOLES, SUBSIDENCE
SOIL EROSION, LOSS OF TOPSOIL
DUST STORMS, MEGA LIGHTNING STORMS, DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
MAJOR CROP DISASTERS
MULTIPLE STATES OF EMERGENCY
SCENARIOS 900, 808, 800, 555, 444, 311, 117, 111, 101, 100, 090, 071, 067, 010, 090, 04, 03, 02
.

California drought threatens fifth of U.S. milk supply

Exceptional drought continues to severely affect California’s dairy industry. The average dairy needs about 500,000 liters of water per day just to prevent its cows dying from thirst.

Lack of water also translates into lack of feed. The farmers have been forced to leave fallow more than a million acres of land.

Meantime, they are paying up to $350 a ton for alfalfa hay, nearly twice what they paid last year.

Additionally, many farmers are paying on average 10 times more for water for their animals and crops than they were a year ago, according to a spokeswoman for Fresno’s Westlands Water District.

In the absence of County water allocation, the cost of water in In Fresno has skyrocketed from to about $1,100 per acre-foot—about 325,851 gallons, or 1.23 million liters— compared $140 last year, said a report.

In Tulare, farmers are paying $1,200 to $1,800 per acre-foot, said the  executive director of the Tulare County Farm Bureau.

Meantime, the cost of milk continues to climb,  with a gallon of whole milk in Los Angeles priced at $3.79, a rise of 54 cents  since 2012, and $4.76 a gallon in San Francisco, up 89 cents, said the report.

“California has lost 1% to 2% of its dairy industry in the last three years, said Lesley Butler, a dairy economist at UC Davis. About 100 dairies go out of business every year waiting for rain.”

Gov. Brown has declared multiple states of emergency since January due to the worsening drought and signed an executive order in August to purchase drinking water for farmers with dry wells.

In April, 2014 FIRE-EARTH said:

Vital groundwater provides up to 60% of California’s water supply during droughts

California groundwater resources are at historically low levels, and recent groundwater levels are more than 100 feet below previous historic lows in some parts of the state, according to a recent report released by the California Department of Water Resources.

About 30 million Californians, over three quarters of the state’s population, receives at least part of their drinking water from groundwater, said California Water Foundation.

Groundwater is the only supply available for some regions during drought, and it’s critical to the state’s agricultural economy.

Drought causes water famine leading to crop disasters. It degrades water quality, and leads to surface and groundwater level declines, land subsidence, soil erosion, intense wildfires, humongous dust storms, and spread of disease.

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Crop Disasters Declared in Six States

Posted by feww on October 23, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
DROUGHT
HAIL, HIGH WIND
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  477, 444, 178, 111, 100, 064, 03, 02
.

Crop Disasters Declared for 21 Counties across Six States

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has declared crop disasters for an additional  21 counties across six states—Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Arkansas, Missouri and Tennessee—due to the losses and damage caused by recent drought, hail and high wind.

Crop damage and losses caused by a recent drought

  • Georgia. Miller, Seminole, Baker, Decatur and Early counties.
  • Florida. Gadsden and Jackson counties.
  • Alabama. Houston

Crop damage and losses caused by high winds and hail on October 7, 2014

  • Arkansas. Craighead, Mississippi, Crittenden, Greene, Jackson, Lawrence and Poinsett counties.
  • Missouri. Dunklin and Pemiscot counties.
  • Tennessee. Dyer, Lauderdale, Shelby and Tipton counties.

Crop Disasters 2014

Beginning January 10, 2014 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 2,682 counties across 41 states. Most of those designations are due to  drought.

Those states are

  • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on October 22, 2014.

Latest/ Recent Crop Disaster Declarations

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Food Security Alert for Central America

Posted by feww on October 23, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
DROUGHT
COFFEE RUST (Hemileia vastatrix)
CROP DISASTERS
STATE OF EMERGENCY
FAMINE
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 817, 808, 800,  444, 300, 277, 255, 244, 111, 101, 100, 03, 02
.

Drought, Coffee Rust Threaten Food Security across Large Areas of Central America

Poor harvest caused by drought and coffee rust threaten food security across large swathes of Central America, severely affecting millions of people in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador, according to Famine Early Warning System (FEWS).

Poor harvests caused by severe drought and “the reduction in coffee-sector income for day laborers, and a more rapid than usual increase in the prices of some staple foods, extremely poor households across large areas of Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador will experience a rapid deterioration in their food security in early 2015. Atypically high levels of humanitarian assistance, possibly the highest since Hurricane Mitch in 1998, will likely be required in order to avoid a food crisis,” reported FEWS.

Large swathes of central America have been experiencing severe drought since May, with the rainfall accumulation being up to 75 percent below average.

proj primera 2014 vs 2013 crops-FEWS
Estimated losses to basic grains for the 2014 harvests of Primera crops.  † For Honduras, the reference year is 2010/11. Source: Prepared by FEWS NET with data provided by national Ministries of Agriculture, and estimates

“Primera crops are estimated at between 9 and 75 percent, while losses incurred by subsistence farmers located in the worst-affected areas are expected to exceed 70 percent. Forecasts by the XLIV Central American Climate Outlook Forum indicate below-average rainfall will continue through November in all four countries, meaning that Postrera harvests are also likely to be below-average,” said FEWS.

 Honduras

The Government of Honduras declared a state of emergency for drought in the dry corridor in July, 2014.

As of last month, up to one million people (about 190,000 families) have been affected by the drought.

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China’s Largest Freshwater Lake Reduced by 1/3 in 3 Days: Report

Posted by feww on October 22, 2014

SEVERE HUMAN IMPACT
EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
DROUGHT
WATER FAMINE
CROP DISASTERS
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 800, 699, 444, 200, 111, 101, 100, 090, 03, 02, 01
.

Poyang lake water level falling by 30 cm per day

“China’s largest freshwater lake, Poyang, has shrunk by one third in the past three days due to reduced water supply from the Yangtze River and little rainfall,” reported the official Xinhua news agency.

The lake’s surface area was reduced from 2,169 km² on Monday to 1,490 km² Wednesday (October 22) , a reduction of 679 km², reported the Jiangxi Provincial Hydrological Bureau.

“The water level at Xingzi hydrological station was 11.99 meters at 4 p.m. Wednesday, 2.13 meters lower than the levels in normal years. The water level is falling by 30 cm per day.”

Limited water flow from the upper Yangtze River, due to the water being diverted to hydroelectric dams, and lack of rainfall in the province were two major causes for the loss, said the bureau.

Jiangxi Province has received an average precipitation of less than 5 mm since September 20, said the report.

“The sharp fall of water levels in the lake will affect shipping and fishing as well as the water supply for nearby residents.”

From 3500 km² to just 200 km²

The average area of the lake is about 3,500 in normal years. However, it shrank to about 200 due to drought and the practice of diverting water to the Three Gorges Dam in 2012.

“Every year, when the Three Gorges reservoir stores water – to power the dam’s turbines during the winter – the flow rate in the Yangtze drops. This in turn increases the rate at which the level of Poyang lake falls, and the period of low water comes sooner,” said Ye Xuchun, a researcher at China’s Southwest University.

“The incomes in fishing villages are dropping as fast as the water in the lake. Some residents will have move on to other trades,” said Xu Bin, the author of a thesis on the socio-economic consequences of the lake’s environmental disorders. He said: “The soil of China is dry, so the Yangtze is vital. Poyang is one of the key elements and its current predicament is a warning for the future.”

Habitat for 236 Species of Birds

Poyang Lake is a vital habitat for at least 236 species of birds including various endangered species, such as oriental white stork and white crane, and more than 100 species of wintering migrants, including Siberian cranes, according to a recent survey.

 

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‘Dramatic’ Temperature Drops Reported in North China

Posted by feww on October 22, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
EXTREME TEMPERATURE FLUCTUATIONS
SNOWSTORMS
MAIN SCENARIOS 887, 808, 785, 666, 560, 444, 177, 123, 111, 063, 033, 023, 09, 02
.

Temperature Drops by 20°C in Northern China

The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and northeastern Chinese provinces of Heilongjiang and Jilin have experienced temperature drops of up to 20 degrees Celsius (36°F), China’s CCTV reported.

In Harbin, the highest temperature barely reached 5 degrees Celsius (41°F), said the report. “And the lowest in many cities is below zero. Heilongjiang’s Mohe has seen some heavy snowfall this season already.”

“The cold will also creep down into the southern and eastern regions, with temperature falls of up to 10 degrees Celsius, along with bouts of rain.”

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Global Temperature Reaches Record High in September: NOAA

Posted by feww on October 21, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
RISING TEMPERATURES
ECOLOGICAL COLLAPSE
SPECIES EXTINCTION 
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 808, 800, 797,  777, 666, 555, 444, 300, 123, 111, 101, 090, 067, 066, 033, 011, 04, 03, 02, 01
.

Global temperature breaks September record; ties record highest for January-September

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces reached a record high for September, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above the 20th century average of 15.0°C (59.0°F), according to  NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

Additionally, the first nine months of 2014 (January–September) tied with 1998 as the warmest such period on record, with a combined global land and ocean average surface temperature 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 14.1°C (57.5°F), said NCDC.

If 2014 maintains this temperature departure from average for the remainder of the year, it will be the warmest calendar year on record. The past 12 months—October 2013–September 2014—was the warmest 12-month period among all months since records began in 1880, at 0.69°C (1.24°F) above the 20th century average. This breaks the previous record of +0.68°C (+1.22°F) set for the periods September 1998–August 1999, August 2009–July 2010; and September 2013–August 2014.

Global Highlights

  • The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for September 2014 was the highest on record for September, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above the 20th century average of 15.0°C (59.0°F).
  • The global land surface temperature was 0.89°C (1.60°F) above the 20th century average of 12.0°C (53.6°F), the sixth highest for September on record.
  • Heating Ocean. The September global sea surface temperature was 0.66°C (1.19°F) above the 20th century average of 16.2°C (61.1°F), the highest on record for September and also the highest on record for any month.
  • The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for the January–September period (year-to-date) was 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 14.1°C (57.5°F), tying with 1998 as the warmest such period on record.

 

Details posted at: NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for September 2014, published online October 2014, retrieved on October 20, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2014/9

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