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Archive for the ‘Global Disaster watch’ Category

Global Temperature Reaches Record High in September: NOAA

Posted by feww on October 21, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
RISING TEMPERATURES
ECOLOGICAL COLLAPSE
SPECIES EXTINCTION 
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 808, 800, 797,  777, 666, 555, 444, 300, 123, 111, 101, 090, 067, 066, 033, 011, 04, 03, 02, 01
.

Global temperature breaks September record; ties record highest for January-September

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces reached a record high for September, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above the 20th century average of 15.0°C (59.0°F), according to  NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

Additionally, the first nine months of 2014 (January–September) tied with 1998 as the warmest such period on record, with a combined global land and ocean average surface temperature 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 14.1°C (57.5°F), said NCDC.

If 2014 maintains this temperature departure from average for the remainder of the year, it will be the warmest calendar year on record. The past 12 months—October 2013–September 2014—was the warmest 12-month period among all months since records began in 1880, at 0.69°C (1.24°F) above the 20th century average. This breaks the previous record of +0.68°C (+1.22°F) set for the periods September 1998–August 1999, August 2009–July 2010; and September 2013–August 2014.

Global Highlights

  • The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for September 2014 was the highest on record for September, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above the 20th century average of 15.0°C (59.0°F).
  • The global land surface temperature was 0.89°C (1.60°F) above the 20th century average of 12.0°C (53.6°F), the sixth highest for September on record.
  • Heating Ocean. The September global sea surface temperature was 0.66°C (1.19°F) above the 20th century average of 16.2°C (61.1°F), the highest on record for September and also the highest on record for any month.
  • The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for the January–September period (year-to-date) was 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 14.1°C (57.5°F), tying with 1998 as the warmest such period on record.

 

Details posted at: NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for September 2014, published online October 2014, retrieved on October 20, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2014/9

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World’s Largest Floating Petri Dish

Posted by feww on October 16, 2014

Submitted by a reader [Edited by FIRE-EARTH]

First survivor of next contagious deadly disease on a cruise ship should be awarded…

More than 8,700 passengers and crew, wine, dine and make sewage aboard Oasis of the Seas nearly every day of the year.

Oasis of the Seas is 362 meters long, 65 meters wide and 65 meters high from the water line—the size of a city block. It made its maiden voyage five years ago.

Oasis Stats
22 knots cruising speed; 16 guest decks; 18 total decks; 24 passenger elevators; 4 bow thrusters with 7,500 horse power each; 5,400 guests (double occupancy); 6,360 guests total; 2,394 crew (From more than 71 countries); 241 km of piping used 5,310 km of electrical cables; 600,000 liters of paint used; 500,000 individual steel parts; makes 50 tons of ice cubes every day; contains 2,300 tons of water in the swimming pools and whirlpools…

oasis of disease
The world’s largest cruise ship, Royal Caribbean International’s Oasis of the Seas. (Photo source:cri.cn/ xinhua)

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Powerful Quake Strikes Nicaragua Coast

Posted by feww on October 14, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARD
SCENARIOS 09, 08, 07, 02
.

M7.3 Strikes 67km WSW of Jiquilillo, Nicaragua

Centered at 12.576°N, 88.046°W the quake occurred at a depth of about 40.0km close to the Middle America Trench, reported USGS/EHP.

The quake was followed by at least one significant aftershock, measuring  5.0Mw, as of posting.

Tsunami Evaluation

NO Pacific-wide Tsunami was generated.

Fatalities

“Yellow alert for shaking-related fatalities and economic losses. Some casualties and damage are possible and the impact should be relatively localized. Past yellow alerts have required a local or regional level response,” according to USGS model.

Estimated economic losses are expected to be less than 1% of GDP of Nicaragua.

Earthquake Details

Magnitude: 7.3Mw
Event Time: 2014-10-14 03:51:35 UTC
Location: 12.576°N 88.046°W depth=40.0km (24.9mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 67km (42mi) WSW of Jiquilillo, Nicaragua
  • 86km (53mi) SSW of La Union, El Salvador
  • 95km (59mi) W of Corinto, Nicaragua
  • 95km (59mi) SSE of San Rafael Oriente, El Salvador
  • 174km (108mi) SE of San Salvador, El Salvador

Other Significant Seismicity

M6.1 – South of the Kermadec Islands

Event Time: 2014-10-14 04:12:30 UTC
Location: 34.917°S, 179.970°E depth=31.5km (19.6mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 400km (249mi) SSW of L’Esperance Rock
  • 430km (267mi) NE of Whakatane, NZ
  • 450km (280mi) NNE of Gisborne, NZ
  • 459km (285mi) NE of Tauranga, NZ
  • 840km (522mi) NE of Wellington, NZ

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Drought Decimates Water Reserve in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Posted by feww on October 11, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
STATE OF EMERGENCY
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
WATER FAMINE
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS  444, 219, 111, 100, 090, 03, 02
.

Brazil’s biggest city running out of water after 9 months of exceptional drought

The governor of Sao Paulo has asked the federal government for permission to siphon the remaining water out of the main reservoir that supplies water to millions of residents in Sao Paulo city, AP reported.

More than 95% of the water in Sao Paulo’s main reservoir, the Cantareira system, has already gone.  The reservoir provides water to about 6.7 million residents.

The drought, said to be Brazil’s worst ever, has also affected at least 30 other  cities in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais.

The affected regions  received  less than 30 percent of the normal rain during Brazil’s wet season that runs from December to February.

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Hazardous Smog Shrouds Beijing, North China (AGAIN)

Posted by feww on October 9, 2014

ENVIRONMENTAL HOLOCAUST
DEADLY AIR POLLUTION
PROLONGED SMOG
SCENARIOS 797, 699, 444, 404, 402, 222
.

BEIJING AQI tops 460 and rising

Beijing authorities issued a yellow alert for air pollution on Wednesday amid rising air pollution levels, with smog forecast to continue through weekend, official Xinhua reported.

Northern China’s Hebei province (population: 75 million) and Tianjin (a northern metropolis and one of the five national central cities in China; population: ~ 16 million) and have also issued yellow alerts, the second highest on the national air pollution scale.

Air quality index (AQI) in downtown Beijing reached 462 (extremely hazardous) on Thursday at 19:00UTC, and was rising, according to http://aqicn.org

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M7.1 Quake Strikes Southern East Pacific Rise

Posted by feww on October 9, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARD
TSUNAMI
SCENARIOS 987, 08, 07
.

Powerful earthquake in SEPR generates 0.47-m tsunami at Easter Island/Isla de Pascua: Chilean Navy

Centered at 32.115°S, 110.779°W the quake occurred at a depth of 15.5km (9.6mi), reported USGS/EHP.

Tsunami Evaluation

The quake generated a tsunami wave amplitude of 0.47m at Easter Island/Isla de Pascua, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) quoted the Chilean Navy as saying.

PTWC said a Pacific-wide destructive tsunami was not expected and there was no threat from the tsunami.

Earthquake Details

Magnitude: 7.1Mw
Event Time: 2014-10-09 02:14:32 UTC
Location: 32.115°S, 110.779°W depth=15.5km (9.6mi)
Nearby Cities: 565km (351mi) SSW of Hanga Roa, Chile

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Connecticut Declares Ebola Health Emergency, Authorizes Quarantines

Posted by feww on October 8, 2014

GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY
EMERGING & RE-EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
EBOLA HEALTH EMERGENCY IN CONNECTICUT
EBOLA EPIDEMIC IN WEST AFRICA
SCENARIOS 797, 444, 333, 080, 011
.

CT Gov. authorizes quarantines, after declaring Ebola a ‘public health emergency’

Gov. Malloy has declared a “public health emergency” for the state of Connecticut and signed an order on Tuesday authorizing the Department of Public Health to quarantine potentially infected individuals/groups.

“We are taking this action today to ensure that we are prepared, in advance, to deal with any identified cases in which someone has been exposed to the virus or, worst case, infected,” said Malloy.

“It is essential to be prepared and we need to have the authorities in place that will allow us to move quickly to protect public health, if and when that becomes necessary,” he added.

“While local health officials are certainly on the front lines of this effort, at the ready to address any situation, having this order in place will allow us to have a more coordinated response in the event that someone in Connecticut either tests positive for Ebola or has been identified as someone who is at risk of developing it,” said Commissioner Mullen of the Department of Public Health.

With the the emergency proclamation in place, “we don’t have to scramble in the event I need to take action.” said Mullen.

There are no Ebola cases currently in Connecticut, and the order is meant as a precaution in case someone with either a confirmed infection or suspected of carrying the virus enters the state.

Other U.S. states seem to have been left with little option but to follow the precedent set by the Connecticut governor.

In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the respective state health commissioners have the authority to quarantine anyone suspected of exposure to Ebola virus.

Ebola in Brief

ebola cdc

Symptoms of Ebola include

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years. [Source: CDC]

Global Health Emergency

WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa  a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern,’ under the International Health Regulations on August 8, 2014.

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Lava Flow from Kilauea Advancing AGAIN on Big Island Communities

Posted by feww on October 7, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
KILAUEA JUNE 27TH LAVA FLOW
STATE OF EMERGENCY PROCLAMATION
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
CROP DESTRUCTION
SCENARIOS 989, 900, 797, 787, 707, 444, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
.

Kilauea Lava Flow:  June 27th lava flow continues to advance NE at 120 m/day

The lava flow out of the continuously erupting Kilauea Volcano is slowly advancing downslope toward the town of Pāhoa (population: ~1,000) on the Big Island.

About 4,500 people could be affected by the lava flow in the coming days.

Tuesday Oct0ber 7, 2014 (UTC). Civil Defense Message: “This morning’s assessment shows that the flow front continues to be active and has advanced approximately 150 yards since yesterday.  The narrow flow front is moving along the tree line and the burning activity is producing a significant amount of smoke.  There is no brush fire threat at this time and the burning is limited to the edges of the flow only.  Due to a light southwest wind this morning the vog and smoke conditions were moderate to heavy across lower Puna to Hilo.”

[Note: Vog, a type of air pollution, is formed when sulfur dioxide and other gases and particles emitted by an erupting volcano react with oxygen and air moisture in the sunlight.]

Flow front continues advancing northeast, triggers brush fire. The June 27th lava flow remains active, and the flow front continues to advance towards the northeast along the forest boundary. Today, the flow front consisted of a narrow lobe moving through thick forest. The flow front was 1.7 km (1.1 miles) upslope of Apaʻa St., and 2.7 km (1.7 miles) from Pāhoa Village Road. The lava flow also triggered a brush fire that was active north of the flow front Monday afternoon local time [HAST= UTC -10 hrs.]

Kilauea Status Reports

Issued: Monday, October 6, 2014, 6:42 PM HST (Tuesday, 2014/10/07/04:42UTC)
Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Notice Number: 2014/H13
Location: N 19 deg 25 min, W 155 deg 17 min
Elevation: 4091 ft (1,247 m)
Area: HI Hawaii and Pacific Ocean
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Volcanic Activity Summary: The June 27th flow remains active, with a narrow flow about 115 m (230 ft) wide moving downslope about 120 m/day (390 ft/day) since October 3.

At the average rate of advancement of 120 m/day, the lava could reach Apa`a St. in about 16 days. The advance rate of the June 27th flow has varied significantly during the past month, meaning this projection is subject to change. HVO’s next overflight is scheduled for Wednesday, October 8.

Recent Observations by HVO: The lava flow has continued to advance northeast since October 3 at about 120 m/day (390 ft/day). The leading edge is now about 1.7 km (1.1 mi) straight-line distance from Apa`a St.

Hazard Analysis by HVO: The lava flow from the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō vent is active, and lava is being supplied to the flow front, which is slowly advancing downslope toward Pāhoa town, which is located  in the Puna District of the County of Hawai`i.

Puʻu ʻŌʻō Observations: There was little net change in ground tilt at Pu’u O’o over the past day. Glow was visible overnight above several outgassing openings in the crater floor. The most recent sulfur-dioxide emission-rate measurement for the East Rift Zone was 550 tonnes per day (from all sources) on September 25, 2014. Seismic tremor is low and constant.

Summit Observations: Deflationary tilt at Kīlauea’s summit continues this morning along with a decrease in the lava lake level at the summit vent. There was no major change in seismicity on Kilauea over the past day; seismic tremor at the summit remained low and varied with changes in spattering on the surface of the lava lake. GPS receivers spanning the summit caldera recorded about 5 cm (2 in) of extension between early May and early July. Since then, little significant extension or contraction has occurred. During the week ending on September 30, 2014, the elevated summit sulfur-dioxide emission rate was measured at 3,600–5,200 tonnes/day (see caveat below), and a small amount of particulate material was carried aloft by the plume.

Remarks [Source: HVO] : The Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō vent in the East Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano began erupting on January 3, 1983, and has continued erupting for more than 31 years, with the majority of lava flows advancing to the south. Over the past two years, lava flows have issued from the vent toward the northeast. The June 27th flow is the most recent of these flows and the first to threaten a residential area since 2010-2011. On June 27, 2014, new vents opened on the northeast flank of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō cone and fed a narrow lava flow to the east-northeast. On August 18, the flow entered a ground crack, traveled underground for several days, then resurfaced to form a small lava pad. This sequence was repeated three more times over the following days with lava entering and filling other cracks before reappearing at the surface, in two of the cases farther downslope. Lava emerged from the last crack on September 6, forming a surface flow that initially moved to the north, then to the northeast, at a rate of 400 m/day (1,300 ft/day). The flow slowed thereafter and, between September 12 and 19, the rate of advancement varied, averaging 225 m/day (740 ft/day). The flow front stalled by September 22, but new breakouts behind the flow front began to push forward, overtaking the stalled front on September 29 and advancing 120 m/day (390 ft) between October 3 and 6. [Source: HVO]

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First Ebola Case Diagnosed in the U.S.

Posted by feww on October 1, 2014

GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY
EMERGING & RE-EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
DEADLY EBOLA DIAGNOSED IN TEXAS
EBOLA EPIDEMIC IN WEST AFRICA
SCENARIOS 797, 444, 333, 080, 011
.

Ebola outbreak devastating West Africa could spread globally

The first case of Ebola in the United States has been diagnosed in a person who had traveled to Dallas, Texas from Liberia, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed.

The patient had no symptoms when leaving West Africa, but developed symptoms about four days after arriving in the U.S. on September 20, said CDC.

The person fell ill on Sept. 24 and sought medical care at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas on Sept. 26. After developing symptoms consistent with Ebola, he was admitted to hospital on Sept. 28. Based on the person’s travel history and symptoms, CDC recommended testing for Ebola. The laboratory test results confirmed Ebola infection.

“Ebola can be scary. But there’s all the difference in the world between the U.S. and parts of Africa where Ebola is spreading. The United States has a strong health care system and public health professionals who will make sure this case does not threaten our communities,” said CDC Director. “While it is not impossible that there could be additional cases associated with this patient in the coming weeks, I have no doubt that we will contain this.”

ebola cdc

Symptoms of Ebola include

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years. [Source: CDC]

Global Health Emergency

WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa  a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern,’ under the International Health Regulations on August 8, 2014.

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Deadly Earthquake Destroys Village in Peru

Posted by feww on September 29, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS 09, 08, 07
.

State of Emergency Declared in Peru after deadly quake leaves dozens dead, injured or missing

At least a dozen people, including several children, were killed when a moderate earthquake struck. About a dozen others were injured, several missing, and hundreds displaced.

The earthquake, which measured 5.1 on the Richter scale, occurred at a depth of about 8km near the Andean village of Misca Saturday night, rattling southern Peru.

The quake razed the village, home to about 200 Quechua inhabitants.

“The population has lost everything,” said Peruvian President after visiting the village.

The quake also affected communities of Cajay, Canopato, Cusibamba Bajo, Mollejcato, Muyoc and Toray in the province of Paruro in Cuzco region, said reports.

In 2007, more than 500 people were killed in Ica ( a coastal province of  Peru) when a magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck.

 

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Ebola: 1.4 Million Cases by January 20, 2015?

Posted by feww on September 24, 2014

GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY
EMERGING & RE-EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
DEADLY EBOLA HF EPIDEMIC
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN WEST AFRICA
SCENARIOS 797, 444, 333, 080, 011
.

Ebola Cases in Sierra Leone and Liberia Could Reach 1.4 Million by January —CDC

Up to 1.4 million people in West Africa could be infected with the Ebola virus by January 20, 2015, according to researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

CDC says it has has developed a dynamic modeling tool called Ebola Response that allows for estimations of projected cases over time in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The agency’s estimate ranges between 550,000 and 1.4 million. The top range assumes that the number of cases, which currently stands at nearly 6,000, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), is underreported by a factor of 2.5 and should be adjusted to 15,000.

Projecting Ebola Case Estimates

CDC has used the Ebola Response modeling tool to calculate Ebola cases through mid-January in Sierra Leone and Liberia. The model estimates a range of between 550,000 and 1.4 million cases by January 20, 2015. The top range of the case estimate, 1.4 million, is explained by the model’s assumption that cases are significantly underreported by a factor of 2.5.

The World Health Organization has projected that Ebola outbreak could infect 20,000 people by early November, failing rigorous infection control measures, and become an endemic disease in the region.

The death toll is at least 2,811 out of 5,864 reported cases, according to the U.N. agency.

CDC analysis, published in the journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), projects the cases in Liberia doubling every 15 to 20 days, and those in Sierra Leone doubling every 30 to 40 days.

Global Health Emergency

WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa  a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern,’ under the International Health Regulations on August 8, 2014.

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The 600th Sinkhole Opens Up in Seoul

Posted by feww on September 22, 2014

GEOLOGICAL HAZARDS
SCENARIOS 010, 09, 08, 02
.

South Korean Capital Plagued by Hundreds of Sinkholes

Some 600 sinkholes have plagued the South Korean capital, Seoul, so far this year, private sources say.

In August, officials discovered 6 cavities under a highway in Seoul’s Songpa, the area with largest number of sinkholes, with the larger ones measuring up to 83-meters long.

Residents in Songpa neighborhoods surrounding the construction site of the 555 meter (1,821 feet) Lotte World Tower, world’s sixth tallest building, first reported on social media the appearance of sinkholes on at least two nearby roads, AP reported.

“With about 70 of its 123 floors completed, the Lotte World Tower is now undergoing a review by experts and has put on hold the opening of adjacent low-rise buildings that form part of its complex.”


A sinkhole in the middle of a road in Songpa, southern Seoul, is being filled by the City employees.  The sinkhole may have been caused by construction at the Second Lotte World Tower nearby. —Yonhap

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August Global Temperature Breaks Record

Posted by feww on September 20, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
RISING TEMPERATURES
MAIN SCENARIOS 797,  777, 555, 444, 300, 123, 111, 101, 066, 033, 011, 04, 03, 02
.

Warmest Summer on Record: Global Temperatures Continue Rising

The combined average global temperature for land and ocean surfaces during August 2014 was a record high for the month, at 0.75°C (1.35°F) above the 20th century average of 15.6°C (60.1°F), beating the previous record set in 1998, said NOAA in its monthly State of the Climate Report.

Other Global Highlights [Source: NOAA]

  • The August global sea surface temperature was 0.65°C (1.17°F) above the 20th century average of 16.4°C (61.4°F). This record high departure from average not only beats the previous August record set in 2005 by 0.08°C (0.14°F), but beats the previous all-time record set just two months ago in June 2014 by 0.03°C (0.05°F).
  • The global land surface temperature for the month was 0.99°C (1.78°F) above the 20th century average of 13.8°C (56.9°F), the second highest on record for August, behind 1998.

Warmest Summer on Record

  • The combined average global land and ocean surface temperature for the June–August period was also record high for this period [record keeping began in 1880,] at 0.71°C (1.28°F) above the 20th century average of 16.4°C (61.5°F), shattering the previous record set in 1998.
  • The first eight months of 2014 (January–August) were the third warmest such period on record across the world’s land and ocean surfaces, with an average temperature that was 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 57.3°F (14.0°C). If 2014 maintains this temperature departure from average for the remainder of the year, it will be the warmest year on record.
  • The average global sea surface temperature tied with 2010 as the second highest for January–August in the 135-year period of record, behind 1998.

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Killer MARIO: States of Calamity Declared in Philippines

Posted by feww on September 20, 2014

STATES OF CALAMITY
MEGA DISASTERS
EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
DEADLY STORMS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS (ERES)
SEVERE FLOODS
MASS DISPLACEMENT
LOSS OF CROPS & LIVESTOCK
SCENARIOS 900, 888, 444, 111, 078, 071, 070, 066, 047, 027, 023, 09, 02
.

Deadly Storm Displaces More than 200,000 in the Philippines

The Mega Disaster has left 206,368 people (45,255 families) homeless, said the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).

Tropical Storm Fung-Wong, known locally as TS “Mario,” has killed at least 5 people, leaving 7 others injured and 711,069 persons (154,204 families) affected in the Philippines, said NDRRMC.

The deadly storm has caused large-scale destruction in Ilocos, Central and Southern Luzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Bicol and Metro Manila.  Some 313 areas remain submerged under up to 2 meters of floodwater.

Fung-Wong was located 19.4ºN, 120.1ºE about 143km NNW Laoag City, as of 1:00 pm local time, said NDRRMC.

The storm has intensified packing maximum sustained winds of 105km/h,  moving NNE toward southern Taiwan.

States of Calamity

States of calamity have been declared for the following areas, as of posting.

  • Cebu City
  • Marikina City
  • The town of Cainta in Rizal
  • Ilocos Norte

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Toxic Algae Warning Expanded for Oregon River

Posted by feww on September 20, 2014

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
CONTAMINATED WATER
SCENARIO 817, 555, 05
.

Microcystis exposure can kill pets within an hour

A health warning issued for a stretch of the Willamette River flowing through downtown Portland has been expanded by the Oregon Health Authority after preliminary test results showed blue-green algae covering the water is a toxic species.

Public health officials recommend that people avoid all contact with Willamette River water in a 10-mile stretch of the river, from Ross Island downriver to the south end of Sauvie Island. This includes avoiding swallowing or inhaling water droplets, and avoiding skin contact. Drinking water directly from this stretch of the Willamette is especially dangerous. Pets should be kept away from the water as well.

Official results of at least two tests on water samples conducted by the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality are expected back later today. A preliminary test by one of the laboratories, Aquatic Scientific Resource, confirmed the blue-green algae, which is visible as a swirling, bright-green slick, is a species known as Microcystis aeruginosa (microcystis). This type of algae produces toxins that are harmful to humans and animals. The advisory threshold for microcystis is 40,000 cells of the toxin per milliliter of water. Preliminary counts indicate microcystis is present in the Willamette River at 2.25 million cells per milliliter. Several samples were collected around Ross Island, but the specific sample used for this count was from the mouth of the Ross Island lagoon.

Accidental swallowing of water containing these toxins may produce such symptoms as numbness, tingling, dizziness, weakness, diarrhea, nausea, cramps and fainting. Inhalation of water droplets can lead to breathing problems, sneezing, coughing or runny nose. Skin contact can cause skin irritation, including a rash. Symptoms usually occur in less than 24 hours.

Children and pets are at increased risk for exposure because of their size and level of activity. Dogs, in particular, can quickly experience symptoms of microcystis exposure and can die within an hour.

The toxins produced by microcystis cannot be removed by boiling, filtering or treating the water with camping-style filters, health officials warn. People who draw in-home water directly from Willamette are advised to use an alternative water source because private treatment systems are not proven effective at removing algae toxins.

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Calif Wildfire Threatens 12,000 Homes & 9,000 Other Structures

Posted by feww on September 19, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
MEGA DISASTERS
STATES OF EMERGENCY
HISTORIC DROUGHT
RISING TEMPERATURES
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
MASS DISPLACEMENTS
LOSS OF CROPS & LIVESTOCK
SCENARIOS 900, 800, 555, 444, 111, 101, 100, 080, 071, 070, 03, 02
.

Spot fires from King Fire observed 5km ahead of the blaze

Authorities have ordered additional residents in mountain communities NE of Sacramento to abandon their homes Thursday after a ferocious blaze nearly tripled in size overnight.

At least 3,000 people had been evacuated from the disaster area as the massive blaze threatened more than 12,000 homes and 9,000 other structures.

The King Fire is burning in steep terrain in the South Fork of the American River Canyon and Silver Creek Canyon, north of the community of Pollock Pines in El Dorado National Forest. The fire nearly tripled in size making a run to the northeast yesterday of over 10 miles up the Rubicon Canyon towards Hell Hole Reservoir. Spot fires were observed up to 3 miles ahead of the fire front and have moved into Placer County, said Cal Fire.

State of Emergency

Gov. Brown declared yet another state of emergency in El Dorado and Siskiyou counties in response to the destructive fires, late Wednesday local time.

“The wildfires in Northern California serve as a reminder that dry conditions can be the precursor to devastating loss,” said Mr Brown.

The Boles Fire wildfire in Siskiyou County has burned at least 150 homes and a Catholic Church, as it tore through the logging town of Weed.

The Courtney Fire wildfire in Madera County has destroyed at least three dozen structures.

About a dozen major fires and scores of smaller blazes fueled by the Golden State’s historic drought are burning across the state.

King Fire
Last Updated: September 19, 2014 6:40 am
Date/ Time Started: September 13, 2014 4:32 pm
Acres Burned – Containment: 76,376 acres – 10% contained
Homes/ Structures Threatened: 12,000 residences and 9,000 other structures
Evacuations: See Cal Fire’s latest list

Total Fire Personnel: 4,425
Total Fire Engines: 366
Total Fire crews: 121
Total Helicopters: 15
Total Dozers: 64
Total Water Tenders: 74
Incident Management Team: 5

Fire danger remains extreme across California, said officials.

Related Links

 

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Massive Wildfire Threatens Thousands of California Homes

Posted by feww on September 18, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
MEGA DISASTERS
STATES OF EMERGENCY
HISTORIC DROUGHT
RISING TEMPERATURES
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
MASS DISPLACEMENTS
LOSS OF CROPS & LIVESTOCK
SCENARIOS 900, 800, 555, 444, 111, 101, 100, 080, 071, 070, 03, 02
.

Ferocious Wildfire Prompts another State of Emergency Declaration in California

A major blaze burning in the Sierra Nevada Mountains is threatening more than 2,000 homes and 1,500 other structures.

Thousands of residents in areas threatened by the King Fire wildfire have been evacuated.

Gov. Brown declared yet another state of emergency in El Dorado and Siskiyou counties in response to the destructive fires, late Wednesday local time.

“The wildfires in Northern California serve as a reminder that dry conditions can be the precursor to devastating loss,” said Mr Brown.

The Boles Fire wildfire in Siskiyou County has burned at least 150 homes and a Catholic Church, as it tore through the logging town of Weed.

The Courtney Fire wildfire in Madera County has destroyed at least three dozen structures.

About a dozen major fires fueled by the Golden State’s historic drought are burning across the state.

The following details are provided by Cal Fire:

Date/Time Started: September 13, 2014 4:32 pm
County: El Dorado County
Location: Near Pollock Pines
Acres Burned – Containment: ~ 71,000 acres [~ 28,700 hectares] – 5% contained
Structures Threatened: 2,007  residences and 1,505 other structures
Evacuations:

Evacuations: See Cal Fire website for a list of areas under Mandatory Evacuation Orders and  Voluntary Evacuation Advisories.

Total Fire Personnel: 3,695
Total Fire Engines: 299
Total Fire crews: 88
Total Helicopters: 15
Total Dozers: 49
Total Water Tenders: 68
Conditions: The King Fire is burning in steep terrain in the South Fork of the American River Canyon and Silver Creek Canyon, north of the community of Pollock Pines. This afternoon the fire made a significant run to the northwest necessitating the mandatory evacuation order for Quintette and Volcanoville.

Related Links

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M6.7 Quake Strikes Guam

Posted by feww on September 17, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARDS
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS 070, 09, 08, 07
.

Strong Quake Occurs 45km NW of Piti Village, Guam

Centered at 13.756°N, 144.397°E the quake struck at a depth of 136.7km (84.9mi) on September 17 at 06:14 UTC, reported USGS/EHP.

NO destructive tsunami was associated with this event.


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


 

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Mt Mayon Threatens to Erupt: Thousands Evacuated

Posted by feww on September 16, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARD
MAYON VOLCANO
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS 070, 09, 08, 07
.

Mayon in high state of unrest, explosive eruption possible

Thousands of people have been evacuated from around the foot Mt Mayon, Philippines’ most active volcano, as the crater glow became observable indicating presence of molten lava and superheated volcanic gases.

PHIVOLCS released the following bulletins earlier:

MAYON VOLCANO BULLETIN 16 September 2014 8:00 A.M.

Mayon Volcano’s (13.2500°N, 123.6833°E) seismic network recorded thirty-two (32) volcanic earthquakes and seventy-two (72) rock fall events during the past 24-hour observation period. Intensity III (bright) crater glow was visible last night, although rain clouds prevented visual observation of the crater during the day. Rolling incandescent rockfall within the uppermost reaches of the Bonga Gully last night indicates that the summit lava dome is breaching the crater in its southeastern side. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) flux was measured at an average of 611 tonnes/day on 02 September 2014. Ground deformation data showed inflationary changes in the edifice from February 2014 based on precise leveling surveys on the 3rd week of August 2014, and edifice inflation from January 2012 baselines based on continuous tilt measurement. All the above data indicate that the volcano is exhibiting relatively high unrest due to the movement of potentially eruptible magma.

Mayon Volcano’s alert status has been raised to Alert Level 3.   This means that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks. It is recommended that the 6-km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) around the volcano and the 7-km Extended Danger Zone (EDZ) on the southeastern flank be enforced due to the danger of rock falls, landslides and sudden explosions or dome collapse that may generate hazardous volcanic flows.  PHIVOLCS maintains close monitoring of Mayon Volcano and any new development will be communicated to all concerned stakeholders.

NOTICE OF INCREASE TO ALERT LEVEL 3:

In the past several hours, a noticeable escalation of unrest was recorded by the Mayon Volcano monitoring network. Since 5:00 AM to 8:00 PM today, 39 rockfall events that are ascribed to incipient breaching of the growing summit lava dome across the southeastern crater rim, and 32 low frequency volcanic earthquakes that indicate magma intrusion and/or volcanic gas activity, have been detected. Crater glow has become observable, indicating incandescence of the crater from molten lava and hot volcanic gas.

In view thereof, PHIVOLCS-DOST is now raising the alert status of Mayon Volcano from Alert Level 2 to Alert Level 3. This means that Mayon is exhibiting relatively high unrest and that magma is at the crater and that hazardous eruption is possible within weeks.  It is therefore recommended that the 6-km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) around the volcano and the 7-km Extended Danger Zone (EDZ) on the southeastern flank be enforced due to the danger of rockfalls, landslides and sudden explosions or dome collapse that may generate hazardous volcanic flows. PHIVOLCS maintains close monitoring of Mayon Volcano and any new development will be communicated to all concerned stakeholders.

Significant Earthquakes

Iceland has been rattled by 7 significant quakes measuring between magnitudes 4.6 and 5.3Mw since September 10.

  • The largest quake measured 5.3Mw, which occurred 108km WNW of Hofn at depth of 10.0 km on 2014-09-15 at 08:05:02 UTC.

Sweden registered a rare earthquake measuring 4.7Mw, which struck about 59km (37mi) N of Mora, said USGS/EHP.

  • The quake occurred at a depth of about 14.3km (8.9mi), at 13:08UTC on September 15, 2014.

Oklahomans were rattled by at least 4 earthquakes over the last 24 hours. The quakes measured between magnitudes 2.7 and 4.0Mw.

  • The largest quake measuring 4.0Mw occurred about 6km S of Guthrie, Oklahoma at a depth of 4.4 km on September 15 at 20:08UTC.

Japan recorded a magnitude 5.6 shock striking Ibaraki Prefecture about 44km (27mi) NNE of Tokyo, which scared the living daylight out of millions of local kamikazes.

  • The quake registered 5- (Five Minus) on the local 7-point seismic scale.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts for California and Japan

FIRE-EARTH Science Team has suspended its research on California seismicity to protest Internet censorship, Google’s manipulation of  information, theft of FIRE-EARTH intellectual property and other reasons, as previously stated.

The Team has suspended its research also on Japan seismicity due to resurgence of militarism in Japan and other reasons, as previously stated.

 

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Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events – September 15, 2014

Posted by feww on September 15, 2014

MAJOR CATASTROPHES
NATIONAL DISASTER DECLARATION
STATES OF EMERGENCY
EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
DEADLY FLOODS
LOSS OF HABITAT
MASS DISPLACEMENTS
LOSS OF CROPS & LIVESTOCK
DROUGHT
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES

MASS EVACUATIONS
SCENARIOS 900, 555, 444, 333, 111, 101, 100, 080, 078, 070, 066, 023, 09, 05, 03, 02
.

Floodwaters Threaten Pakistan’s Sindh Province with Large-Scale Devastation

Having caused  major catastrophes in Punjab and Kashmir, rising floodwaters could caused  large-scale devastations in Pakistan’s Sindh Province.

In Punjab province alone flooding affected more than 2.2 million people, killing at least 209 and leaving 4,286 others injured, said the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).

Some 2,853 villages were severely inundated and 32,243 houses were damaged or destroyed, NDMA reported.

Authorities rescued 41,115 persons, while 200,000 people were displaced.

Kashmir Mega Catastrophe

Meanwhile at least 75,000 people are still awaiting evacuation in partly submerged homes in Srinagar, Kashmir’s capital city, “where roads have been transformed into stagnant canals strewn with sewage, wreckage and dead livestock,” reported Reuters.

“Floating carcasses have become a big source of worry with most houses still waterlogged. We are struggling to get in touch with government health officials,” said a concerned hotelier in Kashmir.

People are worried that hectares of stagnant water covering the city would increase the risk of waterborne diseases spreading.

“The stench of rotting carcasses of cattle was almost unbearable for people in some parts of Srinagar, a city of more than a million people,” said the report.

Flooding and landslides have claimed hundreds of lives left tens of thousands homeless in Indian-administered Kashmir, where the cost of flood damage could top several billion dollars.

Other Major Disasters/ Significant Events

Extreme Rain Events flood more than two-thirds of Croatia

EREs have triggered severe flooding inundating about two-thirds Croatia, Reuters quoted the national rescue agency DUZS as saying,

“The biggest threat is in flooded areas around the central towns of Sisak, Hrvatska Kostajnica and Karlovac. Several villages have been evacuated and a state of emergency has been declared in the northern municipality of Nedelisce.”

Wildfires Threaten Hundreds of Homes in California

Madera County – Courtney Fire.  More than 400 Structures with approximately 1,000 residents living in the Northern part of Oakhurst  and a section of Bass Lake near Road 222 have been evacuated, reported CalFire. The fire has destroyed at least a dozen buildings, as of posting.

  • Acreage Burned-Containment: 320 acres – 20% contained
  • Total Personnel: 400

El Dorado County – King Fire. The King Fire is located in the canyon of the South Fork of the American River northeast of the community of Pollock Pines. Fire is currently traveling to the east/northeast with a rapid rate of spread, said CalFire.

500 Homes remain threatened. Mandatory evacuations are in place for the following areas: Estates at Forebay Road between King of the Mountain Road and Pony Express Trail, as well as all of Whites Meadows Road.

Voluntary Evacuation Advisories are in place for more than 400 homes  located west of Forebay Road from Blair Road to Pony Express Trail. Additional Voluntary Evacuation Advisories are in place for Badger Hill Road, Marmot Road, Lucky Mine Road, Old Blair Mill Road, Apple Creek Ct, Applemont Ranch, Chickaree Lane, Longs Creek, Quick Silver Road, Quick Silver Ct, and Baltimore Road.

  • Acreage Burned-Containment: 3,900 acres – 10% contained
  • Fire Personnel: 806

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Hurricane ODILE Slams Baja, Forces Mass Evacuations

Posted by feww on September 15, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
SIGNIFICANT HURRICANES
MAJOR STORMS
MASS EVACUATIONS
SCENARIOS 888, 444, 111,  071, 070, 066, 055, 033, 023, 09
.

Strong Hurricane ODILE slams Mexico’s Baja California peninsula

ODILE pummeled the popular resorts of Baja California peninsula early Monday, forcing tens of thousands of tourists and locals to move to  emergency shelters.

ODILE made landfall as a category 2 hurricane, but would likely cause life-threatening flooding and mudslides over the next few days, said the U.S. National Hurricane Center.

Emergency officials evacuated more than 30,000 people, most of whom were tourists.

Other Hurricanes/ Typhoons

Hainan (China) issues highest alert ahead of Typhoon KALMAEGI

KALMAEGI is forecast to make landfall between Guangdong Province and Hainan Island about noon Tuesday, said China’s National Meteorological Center.

The typhoon may have damaged or destroyed about a fifth of rice output and a third of corn production in the northeastern province of Isabela, according to reports

The typhoon was located about 645km southeast of Leizhou City, Guangdong Province at 4:00 p.m. local time on Monday, said a report.

EDOUARD may become first major 2014 Atlantic hurricane

EDOUARD, currently a Cat. 2 hurricane, is set to become the first major hurricane of the 2014 Atlantic season in the next few hours, said the National Hurricane Center.

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Ferocious Fire Forces Hundreds of Evacuations in SoCal

Posted by feww on September 14, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
RISING TEMPERATURES
LIGHTNING STORMS
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
STATE OF EMERGENCY
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 800, 797, 777, 555, 444, 311, 111, 101, 100, 070, 03, 02
.

Another Major Fire Threatens Hundreds of Homes in Drought-Stricken Calif.

The Silverado Fire has consumed about 650 hectares in the Cleveland National Forest burning through brush and chaparral and threatening 217 homes amid California’s record drought and 3-digit, record-high temperatures.

The fire started Friday morning near the 30500 block of Silverado Canyon Road and is expected to continue through the weekend. At this time the fire is headed northeast, said Inciweb.

Approximately 738 fire personnel are now on site with 10 rotary and 5 fixed-wing aircraft currently in use.

An evacuation order affecting approximately 217 homes remains in place from 30331 Silverado Canyon Road east to the end of the road.”

Excessive Heat Warning: DANGEROUSLY HOT WEATHER EXPECTED THROUGH TUESDAY

The National Weather Service (NWS) has issued an Excessive Heat Warning for the valleys of Los Angeles and Ventura counties as well as  Santa Monica Mountains warning of heat indices rising to 110 degrees (44.3°C).

Red Flag Warnings

Red Flag Warnings remain in effect for southern California, as well as NW Oregon, W Washington state, and SW Wyoming, as of posting.

Additional Information

Related Links

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events – September 13, 2014

Posted by feww on September 13, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
NATIONAL DISASTER DECLARATION
STATES OF EMERGENCY
MAJOR CATASTROPHES
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE FLOODING
EARTHQUAKE

MASS EVACUATIONS
SCENARIOS 900, 444, 111, 078, 070, 066, 023, 09, 04, 02
.

Major Disaster Declared in Hawaii

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Hawaii in the area affected by Tropical Storm ISELLE  during the period of August 7-9, 2014.

Tropical Storm ISELLE caused significant damage in the counties of Hawaii and Maui.

On September 5, the Hawai‘i County Mayor signed a state of emergency proclamation lava flow in the Wao Kele O Puna area extended to less than 1.5km from the edge of the Ka‘ohe Homesteads subdivision, said the mayor’s office.

Major Disaster Declared in California

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of California in the area affected by an earthquake during the period of August 24 to September 7, 2014.

The quake caused significant damage in the counties of Napa and Solano.

Major Disaster Declared in Guam

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the Territory of Guam in the area affected by Tropical Storm HALONG during the period of July 28-31, 2014.

State of Emergency Declared in Mississippi’s DeSoto County

Gov. Bryant has declared a state of emergency in Mississippi’s DeSoto County after a line of severe storms pounded the northern part of the state and Tennessee, said a report.

Residents at the Savannah Creek Apartments in Southaven, Miss., were evacuated by the U.S. Coast Guard using rafts, the report said.

Up to seven inches of rain fell over a 100-hour period inundating scores of homes and roads Thursday, with the the cities of Southaven and Horn Lake being the worst hit areas.

St. John Parish School Board Declares State of Emergency

The School Board in St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, has declared a state of emergency after a deadly brain-eating amoeba was found in the water supply in August, said a report.

The amoeba is only dangerous if it gets into the nasal cavity, throught which it can reach the brain, according to Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals.

Death Toll Continues to Climb in Pakistan-India Floods

Extreme Rain Events and widespread flooding have killed at least 600 people in Pakistan and India, injuring hundreds more across the two countries, and affecting millions of others.

Meantime, Water levels in north Kashmir continued to rise, causing major concern, said Jammu & Kashmir chief minister on Saturday.

Crops over millions of hectares have been destroyed or damaged.

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Floodwaters Submerge Jammu and Kashmir Capital

Posted by feww on September 10, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
NATIONAL DISASTER DECLARATION
STATE OF EMERGENCY
MAJOR CATASTROPHES
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
DEADLY FLOODING
MASS EVACUATIONS
SCENARIOS 900, 444, 111, 078, 070, 066, 023, 02
.

Hundreds of thousands marooned by floods in India-held Kashmir

Srinagar, the capital of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir, is almost completely submerged by floodwaters.

Famous for its gardens, the city of 1.3 million is situated in the Kashmir Valley and lies on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the mighty Indus.

Floodwaters have also submerged more than 2,500 villages, killing about 500 people, as well as scores of livestock, on both sides of the Kashmiri political divide.

“The situation in Kashmir Valley is still very grim, it is quite critical,” said the police Inspector General of the Jammu region in Jammu and Kashmir state.

“I don’t know how many exactly, but there are many stuck in neck-deep water and need help as soon as possible,” he said.

“The damage is shocking,” said another senior official. “People have been stranded on the rooftops of their homes for the last three days in some parts of Kashmir.”

Meantime, Punjab has declared states of emergency in 21 districts that are directly affected by the floodwaters from river Jhelum, said a report.

Related Links

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Deadly Storms Cut Power to 600,000+ Homes, Businesses in Midwest

Posted by feww on September 7, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
HIGH WINDS
DEADLY STORMS
SCENARIOS 900,  888, 444, 178, 111, 070, 066, 064, 08, 07 
.

Killer storms wreak havoc in U.S. Midwest

A line of killer storms brought heavy winds, torrential rains and lightning to Illinois and Michigan, uprooting trees, downing power lines and leaving at least two people dead, said officials on Saturday, Reuters reported.

Hundreds of thousands of Michigan residents were left without power, with the the Detroit area being  the hardest hit, AP reported.

Wind gusts of more than 120 km/h (75 mph) downed more than 2,000 power lines Friday, said DTE Energy Co, leaving hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses without power.

“An Illinois woman died Saturday of injuries she sustained when she was struck by a falling tree and a Michigan man was electrocuted after touching a power line,” Reuters reported local media as saying.

Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events

“Mystery virus” infecting hundreds of children across the US

A severe respiratory illness is sickening hundreds of children across the U.S., according to reports describing disease as a “mystery virus.”

“The disease hasn’t been officially identified but officials suspect a rare respiratory virus called human enterovirus 68. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the virus is related to the rhinovirus, which causes the common cold,” ABC reported.

The disease is said to be similar to a common cold, but is more severe. Symptoms include high fever,  breathing difficulty, and a wheezing couch.

“Officials at Children’s Hospital Colorado said they have treated more than 900 children since Aug. 18 for severe respiratory illness and admitted 86 to the hospital,” said a report.

Hundreds of additional cases have also been reported in Illinois, Missouri and Ohio.

Significant Seismic Activity Continues at Bardarbunga Volcano

Researchers monitoring Iceland’s massive volcano reported a total of 70 earthquakes between midnight and 08:00GMT on September 7,  2014, said IMO. The largest quake measuring magnitude M5.7  occurred at 07:08 in the Bárðarbunga caldera. “The lava has reached Jökulsá á Fjöllum. Steaming occurs.”  [The quake was later downgraded to magnitude 5.4  — Editor]

Another significant quake measuring M5.0 occurred Saturday morning some 7.2km NE of Bárðarbunga, said IMO.

Large changes on the ice surface: up to 15 m subsidence has occurred in the centre of Bárðarbunga caldera [which corresponds to a volume change of 0.25 km³]. There are no signs of eruption or increased geothermal activity in the caldera.The main eruptive activity is on the fissure that has been active since the eruption began. In addition, the fissure that opened yesterday morning is still active. Depressions in the ice have grown deeper.

The shape of the subsidence area is in accordance with the elevation of the caldera floor having lowered by that amount. [IMO]

 Deadly Floods Force Evacuations in S. Italy

Several people are dead or reported missing as severe floods inundated large parts of southern Italy forcing more than 1,000 families to evacuate.

Rainfall in the region has been the heaviest in at least 80 years, officials said.

Thousands evacuated as Hurricane NORBERT lashes Mexico’s Pacific coast

More than 2,500 people were evacuated as Hurricane NORBERT inundated large areas along Mexico’s Pacific coast, damaging at least 1,500 homes, officials said.

The hurricane also severely flooded the coastal town of San Carlos [population: ~7,000,] after levees protecting the area were breached by storm surges.

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