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Archive for the ‘global disasters’ Category

GLOBAL DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS, SEP. 2, 2014

Posted by feww on September 2, 2014

STATE TERRORISM IN UKRAINE
MASS DISPLACEMENT
VOLCANIC ERUPTION
SIGNIFICANT SEISMIC EVENTS
BARDARBUNGA VOLCANO
TAVURVUR VOLCANO
TUNGURAHUA VOLCANO
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE FLOODING IN SW CHINA, E. PAKISTAN, S. SWEDEN
SCENARIOS 888, 444, 200, 069, 023, 017, 09, 08, 07
.

1 Million Ukrainians Displaced by Conflict

More than 1 million people have been displaced since the conflict began in Ukraine, says the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR).

“It’s safe to say you have over a million people now displaced as a result of the conflict, internally and externally together,” Reuters quoted director of the UNHCR’s bureau for Europe, as saying.

“I mean 260,000 [internally displaced] in Ukraine—it’s a low estimate—and 814,000 [have fled to] Russia.”

There has been a surge in the number of war refugees internally displaced in Ukraine since about mid August, local media reported.

Bardarbunga Eruption

Volcanic activity continues in Holuhraun lava filed webcam images show, The rate of flow remains steady with no visible change in activity since Monday, with effusive lava eruption and fountains, said IMO.

The largest earthquake to hit the volcano system measured 3.1Mw, which occurred in the northern part of the magma field with additional seismicity detected beneath the glacier rim.

IMO said:

  • The eruption has not created any ash-fall. A white plume of steam and gas rises from the eruption on Holuhraun, reaching an elevation of about 4.5 km above sea level. Downwind, a volcanic cloud extends from the eruption site. Yesterday afternoon a white cloud from the eruption extended 60 km to the north-north-east.
  • In comparison to yesterday, more [sulfur] dioxide has been measured in the eruption cloud.
  • Sandstorms on the floodplain around the eruption site have contributed fine-grained particles to the eruption cloud. This was seen as a light-brown haze earlier today near to Egilsstaðir.
  • The eruptive fissure is about 1.5 km in length, positioned about 4.5 km from the ice margin of Dyngjujökull.
  • At 14:00 UTC yesterday, the lava flow was 4.2 km2 in area. At 08:00 UTC the edge had extended 1.5 km to the east-south-east.

 Tungurahua shows  increased activity: Ecuador Seismologists

Dozens of explosions were recorded at the volcano on Monday, as experts warned of renewed sudden increases in explosive activity.

The volcano has been ejecting plumes of ash to heights of about to 3km since Wednesday.

The 5,023-m volcano has been active since 1999, and has shown signs of increased activity since February 1, 2014.

Throat of Fire,” as it’s known in the in the local Quechua language, is one of nine or so active volcanoes in Ecuador, located about 140 km  south of the capital, Quito.

 Flash Floods in Sweden and Denmark

Extreme Rain Events triggered flash floods causing traffic chaos in Sweden and Denmark, submerging occupied vehicles, and forcing the evacuation of residents in some areas, AP reported.

Some 120mm (4.7 inches) of rain fell in about three hours, inundating the Danish capital, Copenhagen.

Many Dead or Missing after Severe Flooding in SW China

Extreme Rain Events triggered widespread flash floods and landslides in southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality, leaving dozens dead or missing, said a report.

 

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Iraq: Thousands More Killed, More Than a Million Displaced

Posted by feww on September 1, 2014

TERRORISM
FOREIGN-AIDED INSURGENCY
IRAQI MASSACRE 
MASS DISPLACEMENT
MAJOR DISASTERS
SCENARIOS 444, 202, 080, 070, 069, 04, 02
.

 ‘Acts of inhumanity on an unimaginable scale’ perpetrated in Iraq —UN

About 1,600 civilians were killed and at least 1,400 others wounded last month, according to figures provided by Iraq Body Count and UN’s mission to the country.

Between January and August 2014, at least 10,000 people have been killed and as many wounded in Iraq.

Islamic State Terrorists

However, the figures do not include hundreds of Yazidis murdered by the IS terrorists.

“Last week, the UN said it had received reports of at least 650 male inmates of Badouch Prison in Mosul being shot dead by IS militants on 10 July. Witnesses and survivors said inmates claiming to be Sunni were taken away, while Shia and members of other religious or ethnic communities were ordered into ditches and killed, BBC reported.

‘Ethnic Cleansing’ and Mass Displacement

Reports from Iraq “reveal acts of inhumanity on an unimaginable scale,” says the UN Human Rights Deputy Commissioner.

The terrorists that run the so-called “Islamic State,” formerly known as ISIS/ISIL, and their allied Sunni insurgents  have taken control of large parts of northern and western Iraq, committing “systematic and intentional attacks on civilians” that include targeted killings, forced conversions, slavery, sexual abuse, and the besieging of entire communities.

“Thousands of people have been killed, the majority of them civilians, and more than a million others have been forced to flee their homes,” said the report.

There is “strong evidence” that international human rights and humanitarian law is being seriously violated in areas under IS control, said the UN Human Rights Commission.

“Christian, Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Kaka’i, Sabeans and Shia communities had ‘all been targeted through particularly brutal persecution’ and that IS had ‘ruthlessly carried out what may amount to ethnic and religious cleansing,'” said the report.

“Many have been killed directly; others have been besieged and deprived of food, water or medication, said the UN Deputy Human Rights Commissioner.

“Hundreds of thousands of civilians from these communities have fled to remote and desolate locations where unconfirmed reports indicate that scores of children, elderly people and people with disabilities have been dying as a result of exhaustion and deprivation.”

Sex Slaves

At least 2,250 Yazidi women and children are being held hostage by IS terrorists. Most of the female hostages have been allotted as slaves to IS fighters, said the report.

Related Links

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Floods Wreak Havoc Across India

Posted by feww on August 28, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
MAJOR DISASTERS
DEADLY FLOODING
CROP DISASTERS
MASS DISPLACEMENT
SCENARIOS 444, 111, 101, 078, 070, 066, 023, 03, 02
.

More than 1.25 million people affected by flooding in the state of Assam alone

Extreme rain events continue to flood rivers in the NE Indian state of Assam including the massive Brahmaputra and its tributaries, which have risen above danger level, said officials.

Floodwaters have inundated more than 2,000 villages in 16 districts across the state, killing scores of people, affecting more than 1.25 million, and leaving about 200,000 homeless.

Severe floods have also affected the states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Odisha.

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Drought Destroys More Crops in Texas

Posted by feww on August 28, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
SEVERE DROUGHT
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS 900, 555, 444, 111, 101, 03, 02
.

Crop Disaster Declared for 7 Additional Texas Counties

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated a total of seven counties in the Lone Star  State as crop disaster areas due to severe drought.

The crop disaster designations are for  El Paso, Kleberg, Brooks, Hudspeth, Jim Wells, Kenedy and Nueces counties.

Crop Disasters 2014

Beginning January 10, 2014 USDA has declared at least 2,229 separate crop disasters across 33 states. Most of those designations are due to the drought.

Those states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina Texas, Utah and Washington, Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The total number of counties designated as agricultural disaster areas includes both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Counties may have been designated crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on August 27, 2014.

Crop Disaster Links

 

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Million People Left Homeless in Bangladesh Flooding

Posted by feww on August 26, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
MAJOR DISASTERS
FLOOD DISASTER
CROP DISASTERS
MASS DISPLACEMENT
SCENARIOS 444, 111, 101, 078, 070, 066, 023, 03, 02
.

Floodwaters threaten densely populated Bangladesh capital, Dhaka

Extreme Rain Events have triggered severe flooding across Bangladesh, destroying homes, public infrastructure and croplands.

Up to a million people have already fled their homes, as floodwaters threaten the densely populated capital, Dhaka.

“Over the next couple of days the flood situation around Dhaka [could] further deteriorate,” warned an official at the Flood Forecasting and Warning Center.

“The main rivers continue to flow above danger levels due to heavy rainfall upstream in India. We expect the situation to worsen in the next 72 hours.”

Flooding has destroyed large swathes of croplands in dozens of districts, killing scores of livestock.

“I’ve lost my home and my rice,” said a farmer in the northern district of Rangpur. “My two cows are also missing. I don’t know how I’ll survive the year.”

Extreme Weather and Climate Events have claimed more than half million lives in the country over the past 4 decades.

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Strong Quake Hits San Francisco Bay Area

Posted by feww on August 24, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARD
VOLCANIC HAZARD
SCENARIOS 023, 09, 08, 07
.

M6.0 Quake Occurs  NW of American Canyon, California

Centered at 38.214°N, 122.319°W the quake struck at a significant depth of 10.8km.

There were no reports of casualties, as of posting. However, according to the USGS ‘Pager‘ and ‘Shakemap,‘ some fatalities may have occurred, with the damage estimated at hundreds of million of dollars.

The quake has severely damaged “historic buildings in Downtown Napa, rupturing gas lines and water mains across Napa, Sonoma, and Solano Counties leading to multiple fires, plunging entire communities into darkness and buckling and cracking roadways on Highway 37 and State Route 121,” said a local report.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 6.0Mw
Event Time: 2014-08-24 10:20:44 UTC
Location: 38.214°N 122.319°W depth=10.8km (6.7mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 6km (4mi) NW of American Canyon, California
  • 9km (6mi) SSW of Napa, California
  • 13km (8mi) NNW of Vallejo, California
  • 14km (9mi) SE of Sonoma, California
  • 82km (51mi) WSW of Sacramento, California

The quake is reportedly the strongest shock to hit the Bay Area since the magnitude 6.9 quake that struck Loma Prieta in 1989.

Dozens of aftershocks have struck the area, as of posting.

Other Significant Seismicity

M6.4 strikes near Hacienda La Calera, Chile

Magnitude: 6.4Mw
Event Time: 2014-08-23 22:32:23 UTC
Location: 32.705°S 71.397°W depth=35.0km (21.7mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 18km (11mi) WNW of Hacienda La Calera, Chile
  • 23km (14mi) NNW of Quillota, Chile
  • 32km (20mi) SSW of La Ligua, Chile
  • 36km (22mi) NNW of Limache, Chile
  • 108km (67mi) NW of Santiago, Chile

Iceland: Bardarbunga Volcanic Earthquakes

M5.3  strikes  WNW of Hofn, Iceland
Event Time: 2014-08-24 00:09:53 UTC
Location: 64.686°N, 17.351°W depth=5.4km (3.4mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 116km (72mi) SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
  • 227km (141mi) ENE of Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 229km (142mi) ENE of Kopavogur, Iceland

About 2,000 earthquakes of all magnitudes have struck Iceland in the last 48 hours, according to IMO.

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts for California

FIRE-EARTH Science Team has suspended its research on California seismicity to protest Internet censorship, Google’s manipulation of  information, theft of FIRE-EARTH intellectual property and other reasons, as previously stated.

The Team has suspended its research also on Japan seismicity due to resurgence of militarism in Japan and other reasons, as previously stated.


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


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UK Food Poverty Causing Massive Rise in Malnutrition Cases

Posted by feww on August 23, 2014

ABSOLUTE POVERTY
FOOD POVERTY
MALNUTRITION
PUBLIC DISORDER
FAILING POLITICS
SOCIETAL COLLAPSE
SCENARIOS 717, 444, 300, 255, 244, 220, 219, 049, 031, 028, 04, 02
.

Two-thirds of Brits surveyed wanted to eat healthy food, but couldn’t afford it 

The number of Brits admitted to hospitals for malnutrition has increased by staggering 19% since last year, according to a new report released by the Faculty of Public Health (FPH).

FPH blames the disaster on a combination of a 12% rise UK food prices and a  7.6% decline in wages since 2007.

“It’s getting worse because people can’t afford good quality food. It’s getting worse where malnutrition, rickets and other manifestations of extreme poor diet are becoming apparent.” FPH told the BBC.

Health problems like rickets are becoming more apparent because people could not afford quality food in their diet, said FPH.

[NOTE: FPH is the standard-setting entity for specialists in public health in the United Kingdom. It includes more than 3,300 professionals working in public health. ]

Meantime, a survey of about 2,500 adults conducted by the British Heart Foundation in April found two thirds of UK adults wanted to eat healthy but could not afford healthy food.

About a million Brits rely on food banks, a massive rise of 163% since last year.

According to the Health and Social Information Center the number of patients admitted to hospitals under malnutrition in England and Wales has climbed from 5,469 to 6,520 since last year.

‘Absolute Poverty’

At least a million more working Britons have plunged into poverty as housing costs continue soaring, while wages remain stagnant, according to a UK government report released earlier this year.

The number of working age adults living in “absolute poverty” soared by at least one million, from 7.7 million in 2010-11 to 8.7 million in 2012-13, says a report published by the Department for Work and Pensions.

Meanwhile, the number of children living below the breadline rose from 3.6 million to 4.1 million during the two-year period, said the Child Poverty Action group, citing the Department of Work and Pensions’ report.

Shoplifting ‘Rising Exponentially’

Some people are resorting to shoplifting “simply to live.” Durham Police and Crime Commissioner told BBC.

“The evidence shows that shoplifting and theft in general is rising exponentially and there must be a reason for that,” he said, adding that it was important to address the causes of such crimes.

Related Links

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Extreme Rain Events Batter E. China Province

Posted by feww on August 22, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE FLOODING
RISING TEMPERATURES
SEVERE DROUGHT
MAJOR DISASTERS
SCENARIOS 555, 444, 111, 101, 070, 066, 023, 03, 02
.

Mass Evacuations in E. China as Floods Affect Half Million People

At least half a million people have been affected by extreme rain events and severe flooding across four cities in east China’s Zhejiang Province since August 8, with about 65,000 people displaced, according to China’s official news agency, Xinhua.

“Statistics from the provincial hydrological bureau showed that the province’s average precipitation has reached 204 millimeters over the past fortnight, the highest since 1951 excluding the influence of typhoons.”

Up to a thousand houses have collapsed, and 26,100 hectares of croplands have been damaged, of which 1,400 hectares were completely destroyed, said the report.

“The torrential rains also forced 255 factories and mines to stop their production, destroyed 193 roads, 21 power supply lines, 33 sluices, 72 small reservoirs, 444 irrigation facilities and 13 hydropower stations.”

Drought causes severe water shortages in NE China

Meantime, a severe drought in NE China has left about a third of a million people without drinking water.

Drought in northeast China’s Liaoning Province has left about 330,000 people and 82,000 head of livestock without water, said authorities, Xinhua reported.

“The worst drought since 1951 has also affected 28 million mu (1.8 million hectares) of crops, 56 reservoirs and 427 rivers, said the provincial flood control and drought relief headquarters.”

Liaoning has received less than 40 percent of its average rainfall between  July 1 and August 17, and the dry, hot weather is forecast to continue, said the report.

“Artificial rain has failed to relieve the situation.”

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Severe Drought Destroys Crops in Washington State

Posted by feww on August 21, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES

SEVERE DROUGHT
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS 900, 555, 444, 111, 101, 03, 02
.

Crop Disaster Declared for 9 Counties in Washington

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated a total of nine counties in Washington state as crop disaster areas due to severe drought.

The crop disaster designations are for Yakima, Benton, King, Klickitat, Pierce, Grant, Kittitas, Lewis and Skamania counties.

Crop Disasters 2014

Beginning January 10, 2014 USDA has declared at least 2,222 separate crop disasters across 33 states. Most of those designations are due to the drought.

Those states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina Texas, Utah and Washington, Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The total number of counties designated as agricultural disaster areas includes both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Counties may have been designated crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on August 20, 2014.

Crop Disaster Links

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Major Disaster Declared for North Dakota

Posted by feww on August 21, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
MAJOR DISASTERS
SEVERE STORMS, FLOODING
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARED
SCENARIOS 444, 111, 101, 066, 023, 02
.

N.D. Declared a Federal Disaster Area after  Severe Storms, Flooding (DR-4190)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of North Dakota in the areas affected by severe storms and flooding during the period of June 25 to July 1, 2014.

Areas worst affected by severe storms and flooding include counties of Benson, Bottineau, Divide, Eddy, McHenry, Mountrail, Pierce, Renville, and Ward and the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.

Latest Federal Disaster Declarations

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events – August 20, 2014

Posted by feww on August 20, 2014

MAJOR DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
SCENARIOS 888, 817, 699, 505, 444, 111, 101, 100, 070, 023, 09, 08, 07, 05
.

Thousands of tremors recorded near Bárðarbunga volcano

Seismic activity continues around the Bárðarbunga volcano in the northwestern part of Vatnajökull glacier, with about 5,000 tremors recorded since Saturday. The largest quake so far measured 3.0Mw, officials said.

The seismicity is said to be the most intense ever recorded in the area. Most of the quakes are occurring at depths of 5 – 10km, said the Iceland Met Office.

Fearing a major eruption, authorities have evacuated an area north of the volcano, where severe flooding could occur as a result of the ice cap of the Vatnajökull glacier melting.

Related Links

Dozens killed in Hiroshima landslides

An extreme rain event, said to be the equivalent of a month’s worth of rain, unleashed severe flooding and landslides killing at least 40 people in the outskirts of the Hiroshima in western Japan. About a dozen others are reported missing, and the death toll is expected to rise, police said.

A record 217mm of rain fell in just 3 hours in the northern part of the city, more than the average for the entire month of August, the local media reported.

The city’s fire department have reportedly admitted to their own incompetence for the large number of casualties: “Something went wrong in our analysis (of the emergency) … We failed to issue an evacuation advisory ahead of the disaster. Looking back, … this is something we need to amend.”

“In 1999, Hiroshima City and nearby Kure City were hit by similar landslides which killed more than 30 people,” said a report.

Meantime, flooding and mudslides have destroyed or damaged more than 2,100 homes and other buildings in Fukuchiyama City in Kyoto Prefecture, and Tanba City in neighboring Hyogo Prefecture in the Kansai region west of Honshu island.

Major Wildfires Burning across Western U.S.

About two dozen wildfires burning across California, Oregon and Washington state amid rising temperatures and worsening drought. Authorities say this is one of the worst wildfire seasons on record.

Thousands of gallons of oil spills from Duke Energy coal plant into Ohio River

At least 5,000 gallons of fuel oil spilled into Ohio River from a 60-year-old power plant owned by Duke Energy near Cincinnati, said the U.S. Coast Guard.

The Ohio River stretches more than 1,500km from Pennsylvania to Illinois and provides drinking water for at least 3 million people, said the Ohio River Foundation (ORF).

It is also a major artery for shipping agricultural produce by barge from the eastern United States to export terminals on the Gulf Coast.

The Ohio River is now the worst toxic water dump in the U.S., said ORF.

  • Polluters dumped 31 million pounds of toxic chemicals into Ohio River in 2007, making it the most toxic river in the U.S.
  • Violations of the Clean Water Act are going unprosecuted.
  • About half of lakes and reservoirs are contaminated above EPA “safe levels,” said ORF.

“Amazingly, in some cases this is permitted pollution; however, the number of permit violations appears to be growing.”

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Vomitoxin Levels Rising in U.S. Wheat

Posted by feww on August 18, 2014

CROP DISEASES
MAJOR DISASTERS
WHEAT & BARLEY BLIGHT
FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT (FHB)
SCENARIOS 808, 444, 277, 013, 02
.

Vomitoxin levels rise in wheat samples  across nine U.S. states

Fusarium head blight of wheat (FHB), also known as ‘head scab,’ is caused mainly by the fungus Gibberella zeae (aka Fusarium graminearum). The disease has previously caused significant yield loss and reduced grain quality in the U.S. costing the industry about $3 billion from 1998 to 2000, and more than $4.5 billion in 2011. Gibberella zeae also produces mycotoxins—chemicals that are toxic to humans and livestock.

The fungus has plagued the  soft red winter (SRW) wheat, which develops when it rains during the crop’s key growing stages.

As little as two or three days of light to moderate rainfall can favor infection. Optimum temperatures for infection are between 75°F and 85°F, but during prolonged periods of high humidity and moisture, infection will occur at lower temperatures. The initial infection on the wheat head may produce additional spores that can infect other wheat heads. This secondary infection can be especially problematic in uneven wheat stands with late flowering tillers.

Infection will continue as long as weather conditions are favorable and wheat plants are at susceptible growth stages.

FHB
Bleached and shriveled tombstone kernels (left) compared to healthy wheat kernels. Seed infected with Fusarium graminearum can produce seedlings affected by seedling blight when planted. Infected seeds will have poor germination and the resulting seedlings may be slow to emerge. Infected seedlings will be reddish-brown to brown, will lack vigor, and will tiller poorly. Source: Purdue Extension [BP-33-W]

SRW is grown in a large eastern section of the United States, in the south from Louisiana and Arkansas across to the Carolinas and in the north from Missouri across the Midwest to Pennsylvania and Maryland, accounting for a fifth of the U.S. total wheat crop in the last five years, said a report.

A preliminary survey conducted by the U.S. Wheat Associates showed composite vomitoxin level from more than 500 samples across nine states were about twice the five-year average of 1.3 ppm, said the report.

“We’re seeing about 10 ppm and I don’t know that we have seen that before. The elevators are not sure what they’re going to do with that wheat,” said a grain merchant at a milling company based in Illinois.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits vomitoxin levels in finished products such as flour to 1 ppm.

“It is in a lot of the wheat, areas east of the Mississippi River would be the most suspect, all along the U.S. Gulf and through the Eastern Seaboard. There were even high levels coming out of Pennsylvania,” said a livestock nutritionist at a feed company based in Kentucky.

Risk of Mycotoxins

Gibberella zeae produces the mycotoxin, deoxynivalenol (DON), also known as vomitoxin.

DON is an extremely stable mycotoxin and drying and storing grain will
not reduce DON levels in harvested grain.

The fungus may also produce another mycotoxin, zearalenone, however this mycotoxin is not as common in wheat as DON. Zearalenone has estrogenic properties, which means it can cause infertility, abortion, or other breeding problems. As little as 1 to 5 ppm zearalenone ina feed ration may produce an estrogenic effect in swine.

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Deadly Monsoon Floods Leave Thousands Homeless in N India

Posted by feww on August 17, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
MAJOR DISASTER
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
DEADLY MONSOON FLOODS
DEADLY LANDSLIDES
CROP DISASTERS

SCENARIOS 888, 444, 111, 070, 066, 023, 09, 03
.

Deadly floods bury hundreds of villages in north India

Heavy monsoon rains have triggered severe flooding submerging 500 villages in northern India, killing scores of people and leaving thousands homeless, officials said.

The extreme rain events have also caused numerous landslides across the country. In  neighboring Nepal hundreds are dead or unaccounted for as a result of flooding.

“Nearly 500 villages in Bahraich, Shrawasti, and Lakhimpur Kheri are hit, mostly by a swollen Rapti, with Ghaghara, another perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan plateau near Lake Mansarovar, flowing above the danger mark in Barabanki, Siddharth Nagar and Faizabad,” said Times of India.

“In Bahraich, around 470 villages of Balha, Mihipurwa and Shivpu blocks are submerged under water following damage to the Saryu canal. District administration feared several hundred people might have got swept away in the flood…”

Forecasters say more rain could exacerbate the flooding in Uttar Pradesh,  India’s most populous state, and Uttarakhand in the Himalayas, Reuters reported chief secretary of Uttar Pradesh as saying.

“With the floods wreaking havoc in Bahraich, Shravasti, Balrampur, Lakhimpur Kheri, Sitapur and Gonda districts in Uttar Pradesh, a population of about four lakh [400,000 people] in the marooned villages has been cut off from the mainland. As the major rivers, Ghagra, Sharda, Rapti and their tributaries are in spate, more villages in these districts are likely to be affected,” said a local report.

Flood waters have caused enormous damage to crops, destroying thousands of kachcha houses and killing thousands of cattle across the region.

There are fears that flooding could also severely damage the country’s sugarcane crops. India is world’s second-largest sugar producer.

Related Links

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Deadly Floods, Landslides Plague Third of Nepal

Posted by feww on August 16, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
MAJOR DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
DEADLY FLOODS, LANDSLIDES
SCENARIOS 888, 444, 111, 070, 066, 023, 09
.

Dozens killed, Many Missing in Nepal Floods and Landslides

At least 53 people have been killed and many more are reported missing in Nepal due to extreme monsoon rains that triggered flash floods and mudslides since Wednesday, officials said.

More than 25 percent of Nepal’s 75 administrative districts have been hit by floods or landslides.

“More than 200 houses are destroyed while hundreds of other homes are completely under water,” officials said, adding that thousands of people had been rescued.

“Early this month, a massive landslide near Kathmandu buried a village and killed 156 people. It blocked the Sunkoshi River forming a dangerous build up of water prompting authorities in Bihar in east India to evacuate thousands on flood fears,” said a report.


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH EQ Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


Related Links

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Crop Disasters Declared in Three States

Posted by feww on August 15, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS, HIGH WINDS, HAIL
CROP DISASTERS
SCENARIOS 900,  888, 444, 178, 111, 064 
.

Excessive rain, high winds, and hail destroy crops in six counties across three states

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated a total of six counties in three states–Kansas, Colorado and Nebraska–as crop disaster areas due to losses caused by extreme rain events, high winds and hail.

The crop disaster designations are for the following areas:

  • Kansas:  Cheyenne, Rawlins and Sherman counties
  • Colorado: Kit Carson and Yuma counties
  • Nebraska: Dundy County

Crop Disasters 2014

Beginning January 10, 2014 USDA has declared at least 2,213 separate crop disasters across 33 states. Most of those designations are due to the worsening drought.

  • Those states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina Texas, Utah and Washington, Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The total number of counties designated as agricultural disaster areas includes both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Counties may have been designated crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on August 13, 2014.

Crop Disaster Links

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Major Disaster Declaration Proclaimed for Tennessee

Posted by feww on August 15, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
MAJOR DISASTERS
SEVERE STORMS, TORNADOES, STRAIGHT-LINE WINDS, FLOODING
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARED
SCENARIOS 444, 111, 088, 066, 064, 023
.

Tennessee Declared Federal Disaster Area

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Tennessee in the areas affected by severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding during the period of June 5-10, 2014.

Most of the damage caused by the severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding has occurred in the counties of Anderson, Bledsoe, Carroll, Decatur, Henry, Hickman, Houston, Lawrence, Lewis, Madison, Marion, Maury, McNairy, Moore, Perry, Roane, Sequatchie, and Tipton.

Additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments, said FEMA.

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Federal Disaster Declared in Washington

Posted by feww on August 15, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
MAJOR DISASTERS
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARED
SCENARIOS 444, 111, 101, 023
.

Major Disaster Declared for Washington State

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Washington and ordered federal aid to supplement state, tribal, and local recovery efforts in the area affected by wildfires during the period of July 9 to August 5, 2014.

The worst affected  areas are the county of Okanogan and the Confederated Tribes of Colville Reservation.

Damage surveys are continuing in other areas, and additional counties may be designated for assistance after the assessments are fully completed said FEMA.

Latest Federal Disaster Declarations

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Death Toll in Ukraine Conflict Reaches 2,086 – UN

Posted by feww on August 13, 2014

GLOBAL CONFLICTS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES & ‘STRATEGIC ADVANTAGE’
STATE TERRORISM
MASS MURDER
HUMANITARIAN CATASTROPHE
SCENARIOS 909, 444, 222, 219, 200, 069, 04, 02

.

The number of people killed in eastern Ukraine has doubled since July 31 to 2,086, according to the UN estimates, said to be “very conservative.”

“This corresponds to a clear escalating trend,”  UN human rights spokeswoman told Reuters.

In addition to the 2,086 killed, about 5,000 others have been wounded.

The figures comprise civilians, self-defense forces and Ukrainian military. However, those are “very conservative estimates,” said the spokeswoman.

N early a million people have abandoned their homes, including 730,000 people that have fled across the border into Russia, and at least 110,000 others who have been internally displaced in the conflict, according to reports.

Related Links

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Drought and Deluge Plague China

Posted by feww on August 13, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
SEVERE DROUGHT
WIDESPREAD FLOODING
SCENARIOS 900,  555, 444, 111, 101, 100, 023, 03, 02
.

Worst Drought On Record Hits Parts of China

Worst drought in more than 6 decades is plaguing North China’s Liaoning Province, and it could get even worse, said a report.

The has affected most of the province, devastating 2 million hectares of crops. Officials said  more crop losses could occur due to below normal rainfall forecast for the remainder of August.

Severe drought has also affected other provinces in northern China including Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Henan and Hubei.

“Since July, the province has received the least precipitation since meteorological records began in 1951, the provincial meteorological bureau said in a statement,” said the report.

“Liaoning has raised its emergency response level to the third-highest in a bid to reduce the drought’s impact.”

drought in china
Original Caption: Combination photos show a farmer checking his drought-hit corn field in Zhizhushan Village of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County on Aug. 12, 2014 [top] and a sharp contrast between a normal corn and a drought-affected corn in Qingshan Village of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County on Aug. 13, 2014 [bottom,] both in northeast China’s Liaoning Province. Liaoning Province is suffering the harshest drought in 63 years with its precipitation since July hit a record low since meteorological records began in 1951. The drought may be caused by the weather anomaly known as El Nino, which usually triggers drought in northern China while bringing more rains to southern China. Liaoning has raised its emergency response level to the third-highest in a bid to reduce the drought’s impact. Local meteorologists said they are prepared to fire artificial rain-making rockets to force rainfall if conditions are suitable. (Xinhua/Pan Yulong)

Drought Inflicts Massive Financial Losses in Central China

Meanwhile, severe drought in central China’s Henan Province has inflicted  direct economic loss of $1.2 billion, said local authorities, Xinhua reported.

The drought has affected about 21  million people, leaving more than 1.1 million short of drinking water throughout  the province.

“Henan, a major grain producing region, has raised its emergency response to the third-highest level,” said the report.

Floods Affect 50 Million Chinese

Some 50.27 million people across the China have been affected by floods so far this year, with 311 people dead and 88 missing,  said to China’s national flood prevention headquarters, Xinhua reported.

“As of Aug. 12, direct losses caused by floods amounted to 107.8 billion yuan (17.52 billion U.S. dollars), the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters said.”

“But the headquarters noted the number impacted by floods was halved [probably due to the sever drought - Editor] and deaths were down by 60 percent compared with the average in the past 14 years.”

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Massive Red Tide Blooming in GOM Continues Growing

Posted by feww on August 12, 2014

World’s Largest ‘Sewage Pond’ hit by Biggest Red Tide in 10 Years

A massive red tide blooming off the coast of SW Florid, which is killing scores of fish, continues to grow.

The red tide stretches about 150km long and 100km wide in the Gulf of Mexico, researchers said.  The bloom was 130km long and 80km wide just last week.

“Satellite images from the Optical Oceanography Laboratory at the University of South Florida show a patchy bloom up to 60 miles wide and 90 miles long, at least 20 miles offshore between Dixie and northern Pinellas counties in northwest and southwest Florida.”

The bloom is the largest to plague the region since 2005, according to the Mote Marine Laboratory and Aquarium.

“Florida red tide,” which the bloom is also known as, occurs when a microscopic algae called Karenia brevis (K. brevis) begins to multiply out of control.

K. brevis produces a toxin that attacks the central nervous systems of fish, marine mammals and birds. The toxin has recently killed scores of fish, eel, sea snakes and octopus.

“This bloom has caused an ongoing fish kill. FWC’s Fish Kill Hotline has received reports of thousands of dead and moribund benthic reef fish including various snapper and grouper species, hogfish, grunts, crabs, flounder, bull sharks, lionfish, baitfish, eel, sea snakes, tomtates, lizardfish, filefish, octopus, and triggerfish.”

The toxin can trigger respiratory distress in people, especially those with asthma, emphysema, or other respiratory conditions.

“It could have large impacts if it were to move inshore,” said the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). “It has been killing a lot of marine species, especially fish, as it waits offshore.”

“I have seen analogies that equate red tide with a forest fire,” said manager of the ocean technology program at the Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, Florida. “There is an ecosystem reset.”

Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB)

Algal blooms occur in natural waters used for drinking and/or recreation when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, often in response to changes in levels of chemicals such as nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizer, in the water. Algal blooms can deplete the oxygen and block the sunlight that other organisms need to live, and some can produce toxins that are harmful to the health of the environment, plants, animals, and people. [Source: CDC]

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Drought Could Decimate Australian Cotton Crops

Posted by feww on August 11, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
SEVERE DROUGHT
SCENARIOS 900,  555, 444, 111, 101, 100, 03, 02
.

Eastern Australia experiencing its worst drought in 112 years

Worsening drought is forecast to devastate cotton crops in Australia, world’s third largest exporter.

Australia produced about 4 million bales of cotton this year,  but the output could be halved in 2014-2015, if the drought persists, according to Cotton Australia.

Drought Spreading across Eastern Australia

Large swathes of eastern Australia are experiencing their driest year since the Federation Drought more than a century ago, according to the Bureau of Meteorology.

The average rainfall over the entire region for the past 12 months is the lowest since 1901–02.

Bushfires

The drought has also brought forward the fire season by about two months. “On Friday and Saturday last week, crews were attending to 90-100 fires each day–excluding the hazard-reduction burns underway,”  said a report.

“The dry conditions have brought forward the fire season in some regions, particularly north-eastern NSW. The Rural Fire Service has had to attend 444 bush or grass fires since August 1, with 40 burning on Thursday, said Matt Sun, an RFS spokesman.”

“It’s an unusual number for this time of year,” said a fire official.

Rainfall deficiencies increase in Queensland and northeastern New South Wales

“July rainfall was below average for the mainland eastern States and an area of Western Australia stretching from the Pilbara coast into the southern interior. This has seen an increase in severity and extent of rainfall deficiencies in Queensland and New South Wales at a range of timescales,” said the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

“Rainfall deficiencies for the 8 months from December 2013 to July 2014 have increased in extent over southeastern Queensland and northeastern New South Wales [...]  Serious to severe deficiencies (lowest 10% to 5% of records) are present along the coast of southeastern Tasmania and in a large area of northeastern New South Wales and greater southeastern Queensland [...] “

“Much of northeastern New South Wales and greater southeastern Queensland also shows serious to severe deficiencies for the 12 months from August 2013 to July 2014.”

“Rainfall deficiencies for the 22-month (October 2012 to July 2014) period have increased in Western Australia in the region near Shark Bay, in inland western Victoria and across large areas of Queensland and parts of adjacent States.

“Serious to severe deficiencies (lowest 10% to 5% of records) remain in an area spanning much of Queensland away from the eastern coast and also in smaller areas in adjacent parts of the Northern Territory and South Australia, and in an area inland of the Great Dividing Range extending from southern Queensland into northern New South Wales. The area of deficiencies on the coast of Western Australia near Shark Bay has again increased in size compared to the previous Drought Statement, as has the area of inland western Victoria experiencing deficiencies.”

 

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80 Million Chinese Affected by ‘Natural Disasters’ in July

Posted by feww on August 11, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES, EXTREME DROUGHT, EARTHQUAKE, LANDSLIDE, HAIL, FLOODING, TYPHOON
SCENARIOS 900,  888, 555, 444, 178, 111, 109, 100, 088, 066, 033, 024, 023, 09, 08, 03, 02
.

Disasters in China cause direct economic losses of $16.34 billion in July

Natural disasters’ in July affected more than 80 million Chinese, about 6 percent of the population, forcing at least two million people to relocate and leaving 302 dead, with 64 still missing, said the Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA).

In July, China was hit by typhoons, floods and drought. “Hails, earthquakes, mountain collapses, landslides, fires in forests and prairie, and storm tides also occurred during the month,” reported Xinhua.

“Over 107,000 buildings collapsed due to natural disasters, and 8.653 million hectares crops were affected, including 943,100 hectares completely destroyed, with direct economic losses of 100.6 billion yuan (16.34 billion U.S. dollars), the MCA said.”

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The 837th Quake Strikes Oklahoma in 2014

Posted by feww on August 9, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED SEISMICITY IN OKLAHOMA
SCENARIOS 09, 08, 07
.

‘It feels like the earth is opening up and you are falling’

At least 837 earthquakes measuring magnitude  2.5 or greater have struck the state of Oklahoma, so far this year, according to the USGS archives.

At least 285 of the quakes measured 3.0Mw, or greater. This compares with only 277 quakes that occurred during the previous 14 years.

“The houses are bouncing. It is frightening,” said the information manager for the Oklahoma Corporations Commission, the state regulator for the oil and gas industry.

Fracking Oklahoma to Death

More than 90 percent of Oklahoma produces oil and gas, and the industry’s wastewater is injected into thousands of disposal wells, usually old gas wells, around the state, said a report. “Scientific studies have shown wastewater activity may cause quakes when occurring near geologic faults.”

However, regulators still claim ignorance concerning the link between the disposal wells, and the spike in the seismic activity.

“It feels like the earth is opening up and you are falling,” said a resident in Guthrie, a town of about 11,000 people, located 40km west of Oklahoma City, which has been hit by at least 11 quakes M3.0 or greater, so far this month. “It’s scary.”

Related Links

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Ebola Outbreak Declared Global Health Emergency

Posted by feww on August 8, 2014

EMERGING & RE-EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
DEADLY EBOLA HF EPIDEMIC
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN WEST AFRICA
GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY
SCENARIOS 797, 444, 080, 011
.

The largest ever Ebola outbreak continues spreading

The World Health Organization (WHO) on Friday declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern,’ under the International Health Regulations.

Earlier this week, the organization released the following statistics concerning the deadly outbreak:

  • No of reported infection: 1,779 cases (including confirmed and probable cases)
  • No of mortalities: At least 960
  • Cases reported in Nigeria, the most recent country to be affected

The WHO director-general called the outbreak the “most complex outbreak in the four decades of this disease.”

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF)

EHF is a highly contagious virus that spreads via close personal contact and kills up to 90% of the victims.

Five subspecies of Ebolavirus have so far been found. Four of those have caused disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans, according to CDC.

  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and damage to central nervous system.
  • There are  no known cure or vaccine for the Ebola virus.
  • Incubation period is from two to 21 days.

In Africa, confirmed cases of Ebola HF have previously been reported in the following countries:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of the Congo (ROC)
  • South Africa (imported)

The current outbreak  is the first known occurrence of Ebola HF in Guinea.

“The natural reservoir host of ebolaviruses, and the manner in which transmission of the virus to humans occurs, remain unknown. This makes risk assessment in endemic areas difficult. With the exception of several laboratory contamination cases (one in England and two in Russia), all cases of human illness or death have occurred in Africa; no case has been reported in the United States,” said CDC.

Ebola_2_thumb_colorized
Ebola virions (image 2 colorized 1), diagnostic specimen from the first passage in Vero cells of a specimen from a human patient — this image is from the first isolation and visualization of Ebola virus, 1976. In this case, some of the filamentous virions are fused together, end-to-end, giving the appearance of a “bowl of spaghetti.” Negatively stained virions. Magnification: approximately x40,000.  Micrograph from F. A. Murphy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

Affected Countries [August 4, 2014]

Guinea

Liberia

Nigeria

Sierra Leone

12 deadly pathogens could spread into new regions aided by climate change

A report by Wildlife Conservation Society released on October 7, 2008 lists 12 deadly pathogens that could spread globally as a result of climate change. “All have potential impacts to both human and wildlife health as well as global economies.” Report said.

Titled ‘The Deadly Dozen: Wildlife Diseases in the Age of Climate Change,’ the report illustrates examples of diseases that could spread due to temperatures changes and variations in regional precipitation levels.

The “Deadly Dozen” list [ABC order]

  1. Avian influenza
  2. Babesia
  3. Cholera
  4. Ebola
  5. Intestinal and external parasites
  6. Lyme disease
  7. Plague
  8. Red tides
  9. Rift Valley fever
  10. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis)
  11. Tuberculosis
  12. Yellow fever

Related Links

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Ferocious Wildfire Forces Mass Evacuation in Oregon

Posted by feww on August 8, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
DROUGHT
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
STATE OF EMERGENCY
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 800,797, 777, 555, 444, 311, 111, 101, 100, 070, 03, 02
.

Hundreds of Oregon homes evacuated, hundreds more on standby; shuts highway 

A fast moving wildfire, dubbed Rowena Fire, has exploded to more than 2,000 acres in the Columbia River Gorge in northern Oregon, forcing hundreds of homes to evacuate, while more than 600 additional residences are put on standby for possible evacuation.

The blaze has spread from the community of Rowena to outskirts of the city of The Dalles, threating to shut down additional sections of  U.S. Highway 30.

Oregon Governor Kitzhaber invoked the Emergency Conflagration Act at 1:05 a.m. on Wednesday, August 6 in response to the fire, which was threatening 70 homes in the Gorge.

The fire started Tuesday evening six miles west of The Dalles and has since grown 10 folds.

“Today I’m outside of Ashland seeing firsthand the devastation caused by fires in the Beaver Complex. This new blaze in the Columbia River Gorge is equally concerning, and already it threatens Oregonians’ homes and puts lives at risk,” said Kitzhaber.

More than a dozen wildfires are burning across at least 100,000 acres in Oregon, forcing public lands to close. A major power transmission line to Idaho lies in the path of the fires, officials said.

Dozens of wildfires are also plaguing the US West Coast, including the drought-stricken state of California, and Washington.

Washington Wildfires

Meanwhile, a wildfire burning close to a city in central Washington state expanded rapidly over the past day, threatening more homes and structures.

The Snag Canyon Fire, burning outside the city of Ellensburg [population: ~ 20,000,] had grown to about 8,500 acres on Thursday, up from 3,500 on Tuesday, destroying at least 16 structures and forcing mandatory evacuation orders for  250 homes.

  • Washington Hansel Fire (FM-5072)- Fire Management Assistance Declaration declared on August 6, 2014
  • Washington Snag Canyon Fire (FM-5071)- Fire Management Assistance Declaration declared on August 3, 2014

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