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GLOBAL DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS, Aug. 30, 2014

Posted by feww on August 30, 2014

VOLCANIC ERUPTION
SIGNIFICANT SEISMIC EVENTS
BARDARBUNGA VOLCANO
TAVURVUR VOLCANO
DROUGHT MEGA DISASTER
SCENARIOS 808, 800, 444, 023, 017, 09, 08, 07, 03, 02
.

Another Significant Quake Strikes Iceland’s Bardarbunga Volcano

Centered at 64.844°N, 16.858°W [about 18.0km ENE of Kistufell] the quake struck at a depth of 5.4km on Saturday, said IMO.

The shock occurred beneath Bardarbunga’s main volcano at 07:03 GMT, said IMO, adding that they had not observed any new eruptions.

Iceland’s Earthquake Count [48 hrs to13:40 GMT on Aug 30]:

Magnitude less than 1Mw: 494
Magnitude 1 to 2Mw: 1627
Magnitude 2 to 3Mw: 228
Magnitude 3 or greater: 16
Total: 2,365
Source: IMO Earthquake Count


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


Drought Destroys Crops in N China

Recent drought in northern China has destroyed crops in much of northern China, leaving scores of people without food or drinking water, according to authorities, said Xinhua, China’s official news agency.

The regions include the provinces of Liaoning, Henan, Jilin, Hebei and Hubei as well as Inner Mongolia and Ningxia Hui autonomous regions, said the report, citing the country’s Ministry of Civil Affairs.

Liaoning province has experienced its worst drought since 1951, with about half million hectares of crops destroyed. The grain production in the province is expected to decline by 5 billion kg this year, said the report.

Severe Drought in Hebei

“Lingering droughts have spread to most parts of Hebei, a major grain-producing region in China, affecting 1.25 million hectares of crops, said the provincial water resources department.”

Large numbers of livestock are also short of water. Average precipitation in the province through mid-August was 21 mm, about 50 percent less than the average for the period, said the report.

Record Drought Kills Scores of Livestock in Xinjiang

“A prolonged drought in northwest China’s Xinjiang has left about 200,000 people in need of emergency aid, including drinking water, said the region’s civil affairs department.” Xinhua reported.

“In seven counties of the Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture of Ili in northern Xinjiang, more than half a million people and 3.46 million head of livestock have been affected. Some 7,700 cattle have died.”

“Herders are concerned how their livestock will survive the winter due to the destruction of fodder by the drought. Over 4.3 million mu (287,000 hectares) of crops and 22.8 million mu of pastures have suffered, with direct economic losses of 4.3 billion yuan (700 million U.S. dollars).”

Nationally, the drought has affected about 3 million hectares of crops.

“Artificial rain has failed to relieve the situation.”

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MAJOR DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS, Aug. 29, 2014

Posted by feww on August 29, 2014

VOLCANIC ERUPTION
SIGNIFICANT SEISMIC EVENTS
BARDARBUNGA VOLCANO
TAVURVUR VOLCANO
SCENARIOS 023, 017, 09, 08, 07
.

Fissure eruption reported in Holuhraun lava field, Dyngjujokull glacier, Iceland

The eruption breached surface in Holuhraun lava field about 5km north of Dyngjujokull about 00:02 GMT on Friday, said IMO.

Seismic activity has decreased as a result of the pressure release, however a significant amount of earthquakes is still detected in the magma dike, between the eruption site and south to about 5 km into Dyngjujökull.

The aviation color-code was raised to “red” and back to “orange,” as there was no ash emission.

A significant shock measuring 5.2Mw centered at 64.770°N, 17.335°W occurred at a depth of 7.5km at 12:21UTC, said USGS/EHP.

Tavurvur Volcano Erupts in Papua New Guinea (PNG)

Mount Tavurvur on PNG’s East New Britain Island erupted violently at 3.00 a.m. local time,  said Rabaul Volcanological Observatory.

It ejected plumes of smoke and ash to a height of about 17,000m over the South Pacific island country, forcing the authorities to warn local residents to stay indoors, and causing airlines to alter some flight paths.

“Flight paths between Sydney and Narita (Tokyo) and Sydney and Shanghai have been altered as a result of the volcanic ash cloud over Rabaul in eastern Papua New Guinea,” Qantas spokeswoman told Reuters.

The eruption reached the top of the atmosphere at 50,000 feet, which is the same height as which planes travel, could disrupt air flights from Australia, said the Volcanic Ash Advisory Center in Darwin, Australia.

M5.6 Quake Strikes South of Athens, Greece

Centered at 36.738°N, 23.757°E, about 137km south of Athens, the quake struck at a depth of 91.8km, said USGS/EHP.

The quake was felt in Athens; however, there were no reports of casualties or severe damage, as of posting.

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Two More Significant Quakes Hit Bardarbunga Volcano

Posted by feww on August 27, 2014

MAJOR DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
VOLCANIC ERUPTION
SIGNIFICANT SEISMIC EVENTS
BARDARBUNGA VOLCANO ERUPTING
SCENARIOS 023, 09, 08, 07
.

Bardarbunga volcano hit by two more significant earthquakes

Two more earthquakes measuring magnitudes 5.4 and 5.2 struck near Iceland’s Bardarbunga volcano on Wednesday. The quakes struck at depths of 6.4 and 6.2km respectively.
A magnitude 4.5 quake also struck the nearby Askja volcano at a depth of 4km, said IMO.

Earthquake count in the past 48 hours, as of posting  [Source: IMO]

  • Magnitude less than 1 = 270
  • Magnitude 1 to 2 = 1,674
  • Magnitude 2 to 3 = 378
  • Magnitude more than 3 = 28
  • Total = 2,350

The largest quake to strike  Bardarbunga so far was a magnitude 5.7, which occurred at a depth of 6.2km on Tuesday about 4.8 km NNE of of the volcano.

bardarbunga eq
Earthquake location map as of 27 Aug 13:10 GMT. Source and copyright: IMO. See Fair Use Notice

Other Significant Events

M5.4 Strikes 150km SSE of Shizunai, Kamikazeland

Centered at 41.115°N, 143.158°E the quake occurred at a depth of 28.3km (17.6mi), said USGS/EHP.

Distances:

  • 158km (98mi) ENE of Misawa, Japan
  • 673km (418mi) NNE of Tokyo, Japan

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts for Japan

FIRE-EARTH Science Team has suspended its research on Japan seismicity due to resurgence of militarism in Japan and other reasons, as previously stated.

The Team has suspended its research also on California seismicity to protest Internet censorship, Google’s manipulation of  information, theft of FIRE-EARTH intellectual property and other reasons, as previously stated.


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


Related Links

 

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Strong Quake Strikes Peru

Posted by feww on August 25, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARD
SCENARIOS 023, 09, 08, 07
.

Magnitude 6.9 earthquake strikes near Tambo, Peru

Centered at 14.586°S, 73.578°W the quake struck at a depth of 101.0km (62.8mi), said USGS/EHP.

There were no reports of casualties or major damage, as of posting.

The quake zone is reportedly plagued by multiple copper, silver and gold mines.

EQ Details

Event Time:  2014-08-24 23:21:45 UTC
Location: 14.586°S 73.578°W depth=101.0km (62.8mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 43km (27mi) ENE of Tambo, Peru
  • 61km (38mi) ENE of Puquio, Peru
  • 105km (65mi) S of Andahuaylas, Peru
  • 129km (80mi) SW of Abancay, Peru
  • 467km (290mi) SE of Lima, Peru

IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


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Strong Quake Hits San Francisco Bay Area

Posted by feww on August 24, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARD
VOLCANIC HAZARD
SCENARIOS 023, 09, 08, 07
.

M6.0 Quake Occurs  NW of American Canyon, California

Centered at 38.214°N, 122.319°W the quake struck at a significant depth of 10.8km.

There were no reports of casualties, as of posting. However, according to the USGS ‘Pager‘ and ‘Shakemap,‘ some fatalities may have occurred, with the damage estimated at hundreds of million of dollars.

The quake has severely damaged “historic buildings in Downtown Napa, rupturing gas lines and water mains across Napa, Sonoma, and Solano Counties leading to multiple fires, plunging entire communities into darkness and buckling and cracking roadways on Highway 37 and State Route 121,” said a local report.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 6.0Mw
Event Time: 2014-08-24 10:20:44 UTC
Location: 38.214°N 122.319°W depth=10.8km (6.7mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 6km (4mi) NW of American Canyon, California
  • 9km (6mi) SSW of Napa, California
  • 13km (8mi) NNW of Vallejo, California
  • 14km (9mi) SE of Sonoma, California
  • 82km (51mi) WSW of Sacramento, California

The quake is reportedly the strongest shock to hit the Bay Area since the magnitude 6.9 quake that struck Loma Prieta in 1989.

Dozens of aftershocks have struck the area, as of posting.

Other Significant Seismicity

M6.4 strikes near Hacienda La Calera, Chile

Magnitude: 6.4Mw
Event Time: 2014-08-23 22:32:23 UTC
Location: 32.705°S 71.397°W depth=35.0km (21.7mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 18km (11mi) WNW of Hacienda La Calera, Chile
  • 23km (14mi) NNW of Quillota, Chile
  • 32km (20mi) SSW of La Ligua, Chile
  • 36km (22mi) NNW of Limache, Chile
  • 108km (67mi) NW of Santiago, Chile

Iceland: Bardarbunga Volcanic Earthquakes

M5.3  strikes  WNW of Hofn, Iceland
Event Time: 2014-08-24 00:09:53 UTC
Location: 64.686°N, 17.351°W depth=5.4km (3.4mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 116km (72mi) SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
  • 227km (141mi) ENE of Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 229km (142mi) ENE of Kopavogur, Iceland

About 2,000 earthquakes of all magnitudes have struck Iceland in the last 48 hours, according to IMO.

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts for California

FIRE-EARTH Science Team has suspended its research on California seismicity to protest Internet censorship, Google’s manipulation of  information, theft of FIRE-EARTH intellectual property and other reasons, as previously stated.

The Team has suspended its research also on Japan seismicity due to resurgence of militarism in Japan and other reasons, as previously stated.


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


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Red Alert as Bardarbunga Volcano Erupts

Posted by feww on August 23, 2014

MAJOR DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
VOLCANIC ERUPTION
RED ALERT (AVIATION)
BARDARBUNGA VOLCANO ERUPTING
SCENARIOS 023, 09, 08, 07
.

Bardarbunga erupting subglacially

The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) has issued a red alert for aviation, warning that Bardarbunga volcano could spew significant ash emissions.

A small sub-glacial eruption is currently occurring at Bardarbunga, said the Met Office.

“Warning: It is believed that a small subglacial lava-eruption has begun under the Dyngjujökull glacier. The aviation color code for the Bárðarbunga volcano has been changed from orange to red.”

The red alert is Iceland’s highest warning level on their five-point scale.

On Wednesday, authorities evacuated hundreds of people from several areas  north of the volcano, fearing that the volcano could erupt and cause significant flooding and mudslides.

Bardarbunga, a part of a large volcanic system,  sits under up to 400 meters of ice, the Vatnajokull glacier, in central Iceland.

The following update is provided by IMO

23rd August 2014 14:10UTC –  small eruption Occurring beneath  Dyngjujökull

  • A small lava-eruption has been detected under the Dyngjujökull glacier.
  • An estimated 150-400 meters of ice covers the area.
  • The aviation color code for the Bárðarbunga volcano has been changed from orange to red.
  • At 14:04UTC, an earthquake measuring 4.5Mw occurred near the volcano.

Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga Icelandic spelling), is a stratovolcano, located under the Vatnajökull glacier. It is the second highest mountain in Iceland, standing 2,010 meters a.s.l. The volcanic system that includes Bardarbunga is more than 200km long and 25km wide.

Vatnajökull

Vatnajökull (Glacier of Lakes), also known as the Vatna Glacier, is Iceland’s largest and most voluminous glacier, located in the south-east of the island. With an area of 13,600 km², Vatnajökull covers more than 8 percent of the country. It is also the largest ice cap in Europe by volume (3,100 km³).

Related Links

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Major Disaster Declared for North Dakota

Posted by feww on August 21, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
MAJOR DISASTERS
SEVERE STORMS, FLOODING
FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARED
SCENARIOS 444, 111, 101, 066, 023, 02
.

N.D. Declared a Federal Disaster Area after  Severe Storms, Flooding (DR-4190)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of North Dakota in the areas affected by severe storms and flooding during the period of June 25 to July 1, 2014.

Areas worst affected by severe storms and flooding include counties of Benson, Bottineau, Divide, Eddy, McHenry, Mountrail, Pierce, Renville, and Ward and the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.

Latest Federal Disaster Declarations

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events – August 20, 2014

Posted by feww on August 20, 2014

MAJOR DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
SCENARIOS 888, 817, 699, 505, 444, 111, 101, 100, 070, 023, 09, 08, 07, 05
.

Thousands of tremors recorded near Bárðarbunga volcano

Seismic activity continues around the Bárðarbunga volcano in the northwestern part of Vatnajökull glacier, with about 5,000 tremors recorded since Saturday. The largest quake so far measured 3.0Mw, officials said.

The seismicity is said to be the most intense ever recorded in the area. Most of the quakes are occurring at depths of 5 – 10km, said the Iceland Met Office.

Fearing a major eruption, authorities have evacuated an area north of the volcano, where severe flooding could occur as a result of the ice cap of the Vatnajökull glacier melting.

Related Links

Dozens killed in Hiroshima landslides

An extreme rain event, said to be the equivalent of a month’s worth of rain, unleashed severe flooding and landslides killing at least 40 people in the outskirts of the Hiroshima in western Japan. About a dozen others are reported missing, and the death toll is expected to rise, police said.

A record 217mm of rain fell in just 3 hours in the northern part of the city, more than the average for the entire month of August, the local media reported.

The city’s fire department have reportedly admitted to their own incompetence for the large number of casualties: “Something went wrong in our analysis (of the emergency) … We failed to issue an evacuation advisory ahead of the disaster. Looking back, … this is something we need to amend.”

“In 1999, Hiroshima City and nearby Kure City were hit by similar landslides which killed more than 30 people,” said a report.

Meantime, flooding and mudslides have destroyed or damaged more than 2,100 homes and other buildings in Fukuchiyama City in Kyoto Prefecture, and Tanba City in neighboring Hyogo Prefecture in the Kansai region west of Honshu island.

Major Wildfires Burning across Western U.S.

About two dozen wildfires burning across California, Oregon and Washington state amid rising temperatures and worsening drought. Authorities say this is one of the worst wildfire seasons on record.

Thousands of gallons of oil spills from Duke Energy coal plant into Ohio River

At least 5,000 gallons of fuel oil spilled into Ohio River from a 60-year-old power plant owned by Duke Energy near Cincinnati, said the U.S. Coast Guard.

The Ohio River stretches more than 1,500km from Pennsylvania to Illinois and provides drinking water for at least 3 million people, said the Ohio River Foundation (ORF).

It is also a major artery for shipping agricultural produce by barge from the eastern United States to export terminals on the Gulf Coast.

The Ohio River is now the worst toxic water dump in the U.S., said ORF.

  • Polluters dumped 31 million pounds of toxic chemicals into Ohio River in 2007, making it the most toxic river in the U.S.
  • Violations of the Clean Water Act are going unprosecuted.
  • About half of lakes and reservoirs are contaminated above EPA “safe levels,” said ORF.

“Amazingly, in some cases this is permitted pollution; however, the number of permit violations appears to be growing.”

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Hundreds Injured after Strong Earthquake in Iran

Posted by feww on August 18, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS 08, 07
.

M6.2 Quake Strikes Western Iran

 Centered at 32.739°N, 47.670°E the quake occurred at a depth of about 10.0km (6.2mi), said USGS/EHP.

The mainshock was preceded by a M5.0 foreshock, and followed by at least 8 significant aftershocks, the largest of which measured 5.8Mw as of posting.

The quakes struck western Iran, near the border with Iraq. Induced seismicity cannot be ruled out.

The quake has injured hundreds of people and caused extensive damage to buildings in the nearby town of Mour-Mouri, said news agencies quoting local media.

Iran quake 18-8-2014
EQ Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP

Earthquake Details
Magnitude: 6.2Mw
Event Time: 2014-08-18 02:32:05 UTC
Location: 32.659°N 47.715°E depth=10.0km (6.2mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 36km (22mi) SE of Abdanan, Iran
  • 37km (23mi) E of Dehloran, Iran
  • 78km (48mi) WNW of Dezful, Iran
  • 81km (50mi) NW of Shush, Iran
  • 312km (194mi) ESE of Baghdad, Iraq

IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts

For detailed earthquake forecasts tune into FIRE-EARTH Reports daily @ 06:32UTC.


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10,000+ Lightning Strikes Spark Scores of New Wildfires in OR, WA

Posted by feww on August 14, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME DROUGHT
LIGHTNING STORMS
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
STATE OF EMERGENCY
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 800,797, 777, 444, 311, 111, 101, 100, 070, 03, 02
.

Raindrops evaporate before hitting the ground due to extremely dry air in parts of Oregon

Some 60 of the new fires are located in Oregon and 14 others in the state of Washington. Currently, three fires are spreading, according to the authorities.

Two fire are spreading in Oregon.

  • The Rogue River Drive fire north of Medford, which has blackened  more than 600 acres and threatens more than 130 homes, as of Wednesday morning local time.
  • 15 Cent fire southeast of Burns, which has  consumed 15,000 acres.

The third fire is in Washington state:  Lost Ridge Fire west of Ellensburg has charred 200 acres.

In Oregon, raindrops evaporated before reaching the ground because of extremely low humidity on Tuesday night, allowing lightning and winds to start and fuel new fires, said a spokeswoman for the Northwest Interagency Coordination Center.

Oregon Governor Kitzhaber has issued a state conflagration emergency for the fire zone. He proclaimed a state of emergency, also due to the wildfires, on July 16.

Fire crews are currently tackling at last 26 large fires across the two states including

In Oregon:

  • The South Fork complex south of John Day has consumed more than 64,700 acres, and  is  30 percent contained.
  • The 5 Mile fire east of Joseph has charred 4,500 acres.
  • The Sommers Fire northeast of Enterprise has exploded to 27,000 acres, ttreateings ranches, historic structures, and is zero percent contained.
  • The Beaver Complex northwest of Medford has grown to 35,300 acres. The fires are about 90 percent contained.
  • The Staley complex southeast of Oakridge has burned more than 300 acres and is 15 percent contained.
  • The Bald Sisters Fire in Grant County east of Prairie City has consumed more than 1,200 acres. It is  zero percent contained.
  • The Rowena fire northwest of The Dalles has charred 3,680 acres, but is now 100 percent contained.
  • The Camp Creek complex in the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest, has blackened about 800 acres and is 45 percent contained.
  • The Nene Creek fire north of Warm Springs has consumed about 350 acres and is 90 percent contained.
  • The Incident 769 fire north of Condon has burned 3,000 acres. It is zero percent contained.
  • The Blaylock Canyon fire west of Arlington has consumed about 1,000 acres. The fire is also zero percent contained.

In Washington:

  • The Devil’s Elbow complex northeast of Nespelem has burned about 21,000 acres and is 10 percent contained. The fire is threatening homes, with many residents under a mandatory evacuation order.
  • The Snag Canyon fire has grown to 12,000 acres. It is 50 percent contained.
  • The Hansel Creek fire south of Leavenworth has scorched more than 1,000 acres. It is 15 percent contained.
  • The Duncan fire north of Leavenworth has consumed more than 10,500 acres and is also 15 percent contained.
  • The Little Bridge Creek fire west of Winthrop has burned about 4,200 acres and is 14 percent contained.
  • The Upper Falls fire north of Winthrop has scorched more than 8,000 acres and is only 6 percent contained.
  • The South Cle Elum Ridge fire southwest of Cle Elum has grown to about 1,000 acres, and is 15 percent contained.
  • The Chiwaukum complex near Leavenworth has charred about 14,200 acres and is 40 percent contained.
  • The Carlton Complex south of Twisp has consumed about 256,200 acres and is now 95 percent contained.
  • The Haven Lake fire northwest of Olympia has scorched about 200 acres and is zero percent contained.
  • The Enterprise fire south and southeast of Colville, which had charred more than 150 acres is now 100 percent contained, according to Inciweb.

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Record Rainfall Causes Flash Floods in NY Suburbs

Posted by feww on August 14, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE FLOODING
SCENARIOS 888, 023
.

Up to 33cm of rain turns roads into rivers in New York Area

Record rainfall in parts of New York’s Long Island triggered severe flash floods turning roads into rivers during the morning rush hour on Wednesday.

Up to 33 cm of rain was recorded at MacArthur Airport in Islip over a 24-hour period, according to the National Weather Service (NWS) breaking the previous record of 29 cm that was set in August 2011 in the Hudson Valley during Tropical Storm Irene.

During a particularly intense two-hour period the area received “more than two months of rainfall in two hours,” said NWS.

The record rainfall contributed to at least one fatality.

Flooding shut down parts of major commuter routes and forced the closure of the Long Island Rail Road, the largest commuter railroad in the U.S.

Floodwaters reportedly destroyed a number of homes and caused sewage backup, forcing dozens of people to evacuate in southern New Jersey.

The same weather system was responsible for extreme rain events in Washington and Baltimore on Tuesday,  said NWS.

Earlier this week, at least one person died in Detroit floods after record rainfall.

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Death Toll in Ukraine Conflict Reaches 2,086 – UN

Posted by feww on August 13, 2014

GLOBAL CONFLICTS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES & ‘STRATEGIC ADVANTAGE’
STATE TERRORISM
MASS MURDER
HUMANITARIAN CATASTROPHE
SCENARIOS 909, 444, 222, 219, 200, 069, 04, 02

.

The number of people killed in eastern Ukraine has doubled since July 31 to 2,086, according to the UN estimates, said to be “very conservative.”

“This corresponds to a clear escalating trend,”  UN human rights spokeswoman told Reuters.

In addition to the 2,086 killed, about 5,000 others have been wounded.

The figures comprise civilians, self-defense forces and Ukrainian military. However, those are “very conservative estimates,” said the spokeswoman.

N early a million people have abandoned their homes, including 730,000 people that have fled across the border into Russia, and at least 110,000 others who have been internally displaced in the conflict, according to reports.

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Drought and Deluge Plague China

Posted by feww on August 13, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
SEVERE DROUGHT
WIDESPREAD FLOODING
SCENARIOS 900,  555, 444, 111, 101, 100, 023, 03, 02
.

Worst Drought On Record Hits Parts of China

Worst drought in more than 6 decades is plaguing North China’s Liaoning Province, and it could get even worse, said a report.

The has affected most of the province, devastating 2 million hectares of crops. Officials said  more crop losses could occur due to below normal rainfall forecast for the remainder of August.

Severe drought has also affected other provinces in northern China including Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Henan and Hubei.

“Since July, the province has received the least precipitation since meteorological records began in 1951, the provincial meteorological bureau said in a statement,” said the report.

“Liaoning has raised its emergency response level to the third-highest in a bid to reduce the drought’s impact.”

drought in china
Original Caption: Combination photos show a farmer checking his drought-hit corn field in Zhizhushan Village of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County on Aug. 12, 2014 [top] and a sharp contrast between a normal corn and a drought-affected corn in Qingshan Village of Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County on Aug. 13, 2014 [bottom,] both in northeast China’s Liaoning Province. Liaoning Province is suffering the harshest drought in 63 years with its precipitation since July hit a record low since meteorological records began in 1951. The drought may be caused by the weather anomaly known as El Nino, which usually triggers drought in northern China while bringing more rains to southern China. Liaoning has raised its emergency response level to the third-highest in a bid to reduce the drought’s impact. Local meteorologists said they are prepared to fire artificial rain-making rockets to force rainfall if conditions are suitable. (Xinhua/Pan Yulong)

Drought Inflicts Massive Financial Losses in Central China

Meanwhile, severe drought in central China’s Henan Province has inflicted  direct economic loss of $1.2 billion, said local authorities, Xinhua reported.

The drought has affected about 21  million people, leaving more than 1.1 million short of drinking water throughout  the province.

“Henan, a major grain producing region, has raised its emergency response to the third-highest level,” said the report.

Floods Affect 50 Million Chinese

Some 50.27 million people across the China have been affected by floods so far this year, with 311 people dead and 88 missing,  said to China’s national flood prevention headquarters, Xinhua reported.

“As of Aug. 12, direct losses caused by floods amounted to 107.8 billion yuan (17.52 billion U.S. dollars), the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters said.”

“But the headquarters noted the number impacted by floods was halved [probably due to the sever drought - Editor] and deaths were down by 60 percent compared with the average in the past 14 years.”

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Massive Red Tide Blooming in GOM Continues Growing

Posted by feww on August 12, 2014

World’s Largest ‘Sewage Pond’ hit by Biggest Red Tide in 10 Years

A massive red tide blooming off the coast of SW Florid, which is killing scores of fish, continues to grow.

The red tide stretches about 150km long and 100km wide in the Gulf of Mexico, researchers said.  The bloom was 130km long and 80km wide just last week.

“Satellite images from the Optical Oceanography Laboratory at the University of South Florida show a patchy bloom up to 60 miles wide and 90 miles long, at least 20 miles offshore between Dixie and northern Pinellas counties in northwest and southwest Florida.”

The bloom is the largest to plague the region since 2005, according to the Mote Marine Laboratory and Aquarium.

“Florida red tide,” which the bloom is also known as, occurs when a microscopic algae called Karenia brevis (K. brevis) begins to multiply out of control.

K. brevis produces a toxin that attacks the central nervous systems of fish, marine mammals and birds. The toxin has recently killed scores of fish, eel, sea snakes and octopus.

“This bloom has caused an ongoing fish kill. FWC’s Fish Kill Hotline has received reports of thousands of dead and moribund benthic reef fish including various snapper and grouper species, hogfish, grunts, crabs, flounder, bull sharks, lionfish, baitfish, eel, sea snakes, tomtates, lizardfish, filefish, octopus, and triggerfish.”

The toxin can trigger respiratory distress in people, especially those with asthma, emphysema, or other respiratory conditions.

“It could have large impacts if it were to move inshore,” said the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). “It has been killing a lot of marine species, especially fish, as it waits offshore.”

“I have seen analogies that equate red tide with a forest fire,” said manager of the ocean technology program at the Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, Florida. “There is an ecosystem reset.”

Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB)

Algal blooms occur in natural waters used for drinking and/or recreation when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, often in response to changes in levels of chemicals such as nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizer, in the water. Algal blooms can deplete the oxygen and block the sunlight that other organisms need to live, and some can produce toxins that are harmful to the health of the environment, plants, animals, and people. [Source: CDC]

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80 Million Chinese Affected by ‘Natural Disasters’ in July

Posted by feww on August 11, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES, EXTREME DROUGHT, EARTHQUAKE, LANDSLIDE, HAIL, FLOODING, TYPHOON
SCENARIOS 900,  888, 555, 444, 178, 111, 109, 100, 088, 066, 033, 024, 023, 09, 08, 03, 02
.

Disasters in China cause direct economic losses of $16.34 billion in July

Natural disasters’ in July affected more than 80 million Chinese, about 6 percent of the population, forcing at least two million people to relocate and leaving 302 dead, with 64 still missing, said the Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA).

In July, China was hit by typhoons, floods and drought. “Hails, earthquakes, mountain collapses, landslides, fires in forests and prairie, and storm tides also occurred during the month,” reported Xinhua.

“Over 107,000 buildings collapsed due to natural disasters, and 8.653 million hectares crops were affected, including 943,100 hectares completely destroyed, with direct economic losses of 100.6 billion yuan (16.34 billion U.S. dollars), the MCA said.”

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‘Worst Drought in 30 Years’ Paralyzing Nicaragua

Posted by feww on August 10, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
EXTREME DROUGHT
SCENARIOS 900,  555, 444, 111, 100, 03, 02
.

Nicaragua Facing Worst Drought in Decades

Nicaragua is experiencing its worst drought in 3 decades, according to the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INET).

The agency predicts that the drought will continue through October, with the losses estimated at 1.1 billion bushels of corn, 100,000 bushels of peanuts and more than one million tons of rice during the 2014 – 2015 crop year.

Nicaragua has received very little rain during the the current rainy season which began in May, according to a report.

central america hazard outlook
In July, both local rain gauges and satellite estimated rainfall anomalies show fairly large moisture deficits ranging between 5 to 50 percent of normal across central Guatemala, southern Honduras, El Salvador, and western Nicaragua. Much of this dryness is in addition to the drought conditions that developed over west-central Nicaragua, and has already resulted in failed and wilted crops over many local areas. Long-term vegetation indices also reflect poor moisture conditions over much Nicaragua, with recently declining vegetation conditions over the past several weeks in parts of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The continued suppression of late-season Primera rainfall will likely result in reduced seasonal crop yields over many local areas of Central America. —CPC/NOAA

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The 837th Quake Strikes Oklahoma in 2014

Posted by feww on August 9, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED SEISMICITY IN OKLAHOMA
SCENARIOS 09, 08, 07
.

‘It feels like the earth is opening up and you are falling’

At least 837 earthquakes measuring magnitude  2.5 or greater have struck the state of Oklahoma, so far this year, according to the USGS archives.

At least 285 of the quakes measured 3.0Mw, or greater. This compares with only 277 quakes that occurred during the previous 14 years.

“The houses are bouncing. It is frightening,” said the information manager for the Oklahoma Corporations Commission, the state regulator for the oil and gas industry.

Fracking Oklahoma to Death

More than 90 percent of Oklahoma produces oil and gas, and the industry’s wastewater is injected into thousands of disposal wells, usually old gas wells, around the state, said a report. “Scientific studies have shown wastewater activity may cause quakes when occurring near geologic faults.”

However, regulators still claim ignorance concerning the link between the disposal wells, and the spike in the seismic activity.

“It feels like the earth is opening up and you are falling,” said a resident in Guthrie, a town of about 11,000 people, located 40km west of Oklahoma City, which has been hit by at least 11 quakes M3.0 or greater, so far this month. “It’s scary.”

Related Links

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Ebola Outbreak Declared Global Health Emergency

Posted by feww on August 8, 2014

EMERGING & RE-EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
DEADLY EBOLA HF EPIDEMIC
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN WEST AFRICA
GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY
SCENARIOS 797, 444, 080, 011
.

The largest ever Ebola outbreak continues spreading

The World Health Organization (WHO) on Friday declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern,’ under the International Health Regulations.

Earlier this week, the organization released the following statistics concerning the deadly outbreak:

  • No of reported infection: 1,779 cases (including confirmed and probable cases)
  • No of mortalities: At least 960
  • Cases reported in Nigeria, the most recent country to be affected

The WHO director-general called the outbreak the “most complex outbreak in the four decades of this disease.”

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF)

EHF is a highly contagious virus that spreads via close personal contact and kills up to 90% of the victims.

Five subspecies of Ebolavirus have so far been found. Four of those have caused disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans, according to CDC.

  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and damage to central nervous system.
  • There are  no known cure or vaccine for the Ebola virus.
  • Incubation period is from two to 21 days.

In Africa, confirmed cases of Ebola HF have previously been reported in the following countries:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of the Congo (ROC)
  • South Africa (imported)

The current outbreak  is the first known occurrence of Ebola HF in Guinea.

“The natural reservoir host of ebolaviruses, and the manner in which transmission of the virus to humans occurs, remain unknown. This makes risk assessment in endemic areas difficult. With the exception of several laboratory contamination cases (one in England and two in Russia), all cases of human illness or death have occurred in Africa; no case has been reported in the United States,” said CDC.

Ebola_2_thumb_colorized
Ebola virions (image 2 colorized 1), diagnostic specimen from the first passage in Vero cells of a specimen from a human patient — this image is from the first isolation and visualization of Ebola virus, 1976. In this case, some of the filamentous virions are fused together, end-to-end, giving the appearance of a “bowl of spaghetti.” Negatively stained virions. Magnification: approximately x40,000.  Micrograph from F. A. Murphy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

Affected Countries [August 4, 2014]

Guinea

Liberia

Nigeria

Sierra Leone

12 deadly pathogens could spread into new regions aided by climate change

A report by Wildlife Conservation Society released on October 7, 2008 lists 12 deadly pathogens that could spread globally as a result of climate change. “All have potential impacts to both human and wildlife health as well as global economies.” Report said.

Titled ‘The Deadly Dozen: Wildlife Diseases in the Age of Climate Change,’ the report illustrates examples of diseases that could spread due to temperatures changes and variations in regional precipitation levels.

The “Deadly Dozen” list [ABC order]

  1. Avian influenza
  2. Babesia
  3. Cholera
  4. Ebola
  5. Intestinal and external parasites
  6. Lyme disease
  7. Plague
  8. Red tides
  9. Rift Valley fever
  10. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis)
  11. Tuberculosis
  12. Yellow fever

Related Links

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Two Hurricanes Headed for Hawaii, Typhoon Targets Japan

Posted by feww on August 6, 2014

Hurricanes, Typhoons, Tropical Storms and Invest Areas  

Hurricanes ISELLE and JULIO target Hawaii, as Typhoon HALONG aims for Shikoku Island, Japan.

storms
Double Hurricanes, a Typhoon, two Tropical Storms and an Invest Area as of 13:00UTC on August 6, 2014. Source of base map: CIMSS/WISC

 

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Deadly Swedish Forest Fire Forces Hundreds to Evacuate

Posted by feww on August 5, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC HAZARDS
RISING TEMPERATURES
DROUGHT
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
MULTIPLE STATES OF EMERGENCY
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 797, 777, 555, 444, 311, 111, 101, 100, 070, 04, 02
.

Massive forest fire sweeping central Sweden, spreading north

A deadly forest-fire, said to be largest forest fires in Sweden in modern times, has consumed more than 15,000 hectares and continues to spread  uncontrollably.

The fire has forced at least 1,000 Swedes out of their homes, and put the entire 4,500 population of the town Norberg on standby for evacuation, said a report.

The fire has claimed at least one life so far. The body of a 30-year-old man, who had died from burns, was found on a road north of Stabäck, Västmanland on Tuesday, said the report.

The fire is now spreading north, and the authorities say it could burn for weeks, even months.

“The fire risks heading north to the lower reaches of Norberg,” Fredrik Eriksson of the emergency services told reporters.

“I’ve never experienced anything like this. Evacuation? That’s what happens in wartime,” said a Norberg resident.

“Forest fires are a risk we tend to associate primarily with southern Europe, but we are seeing that no country is immune,” said Sweden’s EU Commissioner, as she thanked Italy and France for providing support.

Record Lightning Strikes

Some 47,901 lightning strikes were recorded in Sweden Sunday night beating a previous record of 45,000 strikes set earlier this year, said the report.

Record Heat

The mercury rose to at 34°C in the town of Härsnäs in Östergötland on Sunday, setting a new record for August. The town of Visby in Gotland set a new temperature record for the warmest August day at 32.9°C.

Related Links

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State of Emergency Declared in Ohio amid Major Health Threat

Posted by feww on August 3, 2014

WATER CONTAMINATION
SCENARIOS 797, 05
.

Toxins Contaminate Toledo Water

Toxins, either from algae formed on Lake Erie or released during fracking, have contaminated the water supply of Toledo, Ohio’s fourth-largest city, forcing the governor to declare a state of emergency and the officials to warn residents not to drink the water.

Residents have been warned not to cook using tap water or use the contaminated water for bathing children. They have also been told not to boil the tap water because it will only increase the toxin’s concentration.

“The city advised about 400,000 residents in Toledo, most of its suburbs and a few areas in southeastern Michigan not to brush their teeth with or boil the water because that would only increase the toxin’s concentration. The mayor also warned that children should not shower or bathe in the water and that it shouldn’t be given to pets,” said a report.

“We don’t really want to speculate on this,” Gov Kasich told the AP. “When it comes to this water, we’ve got be very careful.”

“What’s more important than water? Water’s about life,” he said. “We know it’s difficult. We know it’s frustrating.”

“The state emergency operations center has been activated in response to the water contamination issue affecting the Toledo area,” said Ohio EMA.

Stores in Toledo area have run out of bottled water as residents rushed to stock up supplies.

“These organisms are capable of producing a number of toxins that may pose a risk to human and animal health,” officials said in a press release.

Consuming the contaminated water could result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other health problems.

Related Links

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Disaster Diary: August 2, 2014

Posted by feww on August 2, 2014

GLOBAL DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
SCENARIOS 911, 909, 888, 699, 606, 444, 201, 111, 070, , 09, 04, 02
.

Israel murders 107 Palestinians overnight searching for missing soldier

Israeli military murdered at least 107 Palestinians in Gaza overnight, while searching for a missing soldier, who may have been killed by friendly fire, said reports.

The renewed violence came after a tentative 72-hour ceasefire agreement on Friday broke down.

Israelis have murdered at least 1,655 Palestinians and wounded 8,900 others, said the health ministry in Gaza since July 8. Most of the victims have been civilian, according to the U.N.

Deadly landslide buries dozens of homes in Nepal

A massive landslide triggered by heavy rains in northeast Nepal has buried dozens of homes leaving dozens dead or missing, injuring dozens many more and forcing thousands to flee their homes.

“The landslide has blocked the Sunkoshi river, east of the capital Kathmandu, forcing thousands of people to evacuate their homes and move to higher ground,” said Bbc.

China Factory Explosion Kills Dozens

A powerful factory blast killed at least 68 people and injured about 200 others in Kunshan City, east China’s Jiangsu Province, earlier today, said Xinhua.

Some 44 people were killed during the blast, while 24 others later. At least 137 of the injured have been transferred to hospitals in nearby cities of Suzhou, Wuxi, Nantong and Shanghai, said the report.

Indian landslide: Hopes for Survivors Fading

Rescuers say hopes of finding survivors in India landslide that buried more than 100 people are fading, as the confirmed death toll topped 50.

Wednesday’s landslide buried almost an entire village in India’s western state of Maharashtra, destroying dozens of homes. More than 100 people remain missing.

Japanese war criminal’s confession of torture and rape released

BEIJING, Aug. 2 (Xinhua)—The confession of Mitsuaki Kimura, a Japanese war criminal, detailing his involvement in the capture and torture of Chinese people during Japan’s war of aggression against China was published Saturday.

The confession is the latest in a series published on the website of China’s State Archives Administration (SAA).

According to his written confession, Kimura served as lieutenant captain of the Japanese Garrison Army in Handan, Hebei in January 1939 and as captain of Boli County Military Police Branch of the “Manchukuo” from 1944 to 1945.

In 1942, he led and instructed Gubeikou Military Police to arrest and interrogate about 30 soldiers of the Eighth Route Army in Shixia Township and arrested another 150 in April.

More than 150 soldiers were captured in 1943, with seven of them tortured to death during the interrogation.

Kimura said he accused a Chinese businessman in Jining County of being an agent of the Soviet Union, arrested his daughter aged about 20 for interrogation and forced her to become his servant in 1945.

“In July, when my wife was not at home I was sexually stimulated on seeing her. I raped her,” he said in the confession.

This is the 31st of 45 Japanese war criminal confessions the SAA plans to publish. It has been issuing one a day since July 3.

The move follows denials of war crimes by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Japanese right-wing politicians.

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events – August 1, 2014

Posted by feww on August 1, 2014

MAJOR DISASTERS/ SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
SCENARIOS 888, 817, 699, 444, 111, 023
.

Destructive emerald beetle found in Boston

Emerald beetle,  a small, metallic-green beetle native to Asia, which can quickly kill ash trees has been found at the Arnold Arboretum, said Boston state park and agriculture officials.

“Massachusetts has about 45 million ash trees, or about 3 percent of its total tree population. The ash borer was first seen in the United States in Michigan in 2002, and has since destroyed millions of ash trees across 23 states. The estimated cost of treating, removing, and replacing trees runs into the billions of dollars. The insect cannot be eradicated because of its prevalence,” said a report.

Death toll climbs to 27 in Taiwan gas explosions

Multiple gas explosions in the southern Taiwanese city of Kaohsiung has killed at least 27 people and injured about 300 others, officials said. The powerful blasts tore up an entire street.

“The local fire department received calls of gas leaks late Thursday and then there was a series of blasts around midnight affecting an area of [more than 4 sq km,]” said the National Fire Agency.

Millions of Jellyfish-Like Creatures Wash Up on Pacifica Beaches

Mounds of millions of jellyfish-like creatures have washed up on beaches along the US west coast over the past month, giving the shoreline a purple gleam and an unpleasant odor, said the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Flash flooding shuts Serbian power plant

Extreme Rain Events unleashed severe flash flooding in Serbia forcing authorities to shut down a 181-megawatt unit at Kostolac power plant, the country’s second largest, said the state power utility EPS.

A 348.5 megawatt block in the 1,000-Megawatt Kostolac plant is offline for maintenance until December 1, Reuters reported.

“The Kolubara coal mine, supplying the country’s biggest thermal plant complex, Nikola Tesla, halved production after two of its open pits were flooded in May.”

Related Links

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Exceptional Drought Grows in California

Posted by feww on July 31, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC EVENTS
RISING TEMPERATURES
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
CROP DISASTERS
DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES
MULTIPLE STATES OF EMERGENCY
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 800, 555, 444, 123, 111, 101, 100, 033, 011, 08, 04, 03, 02
.

Golden State Turns Dark Brown

Exceptional Drought spreads to 58.41 percent of California, up from 36.49 percent last week, according to the latest data release by the U.S. Drought Monitor.

The entire land area in the Golden State is experiencing ‘Severe’ to Exceptional drought, according to U.S. Drought Monitor.

california drought end july 2014
Source: US Drought Monitor, data released July 31, 2014.

National Drought Summary for July 29, 2014: State of California

Increasingly, drought indicators point to the fact that conditions are not appreciably better in northern California than in central and southern sections of the state. In addition, mounting evidence from reservoir levels, river gauges, ground water observations, and socio-economic impacts warrant a further expansion of exceptional drought (D4) into northern California. For California’s 154 intrastate reservoirs, storage at the end of June stood at 60% of the historical average. Although this is not a record for this time of year—the standard remains 41% of average on June 30, 1977—storage has fallen to 17.3 million acre-feet. As a result, California is short more than one year’s worth of reservoir water, or 11.6 million acre-feet, for this time of year. The historical average warm-season drawdown of California’s 154 reservoirs totals 8.2 million acre-feet, but usage during the first 2 years of the drought, in 2012 and 2013, averaged 11.5 million acre-feet.

Given the 3-year duration of the drought, California’s topsoil moisture (80% very short to short) and subsoil moisture (85%) reserves are nearly depleted. The state’s rangeland and pastures were rated 70% very poor to poor on July 27. USDA reported that “range and non-irrigated pasture conditions continued to deteriorate” and that “supplemental feeding of hay and nutrients continued as range quality declined.” In recent days, new wildfires have collectively charred several thousand acres of vegetation in northern and central California. The destructive Sand fire, north of Plymouth, California—now largely contained—burned more than 4,000 acres and consumed 66 structures, including 19 residences. [ U.S. Drought Monitor]

California experiences record warmest winter and spring

Meanwhile, the most populous U.S. state saw its warmest winter and spring on record this year, with the temperatures rising 2.8ºC (5 degrees Fahrenheit)  above normal during the first six months of 2014,  about 0.6ºC (1 degree F) warmer than the previous record, increasing the threat of water famine, crop disasters and wildfires even further.

FIRE-EARTH 2009 Forecast: Desertification of California in the Near Future Is Almost a Certainty - with the critical phase occurring by as early as 2011.

[NOTE: The above forecast and most of the links posted below have previously been filtered/censored by Google, WordPress and rest of the Internet Mafia. Editor]

California State Resources

California Drought Disasters

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Ebola Outbreak: Public Health Emergency Declared in Sierra Leone

Posted by feww on July 31, 2014

UPDATED August 1, 2014 @ 03:00UTC

EMERGING & RE-EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES
VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
DEADLY EBOLA HF EPIDEMIC
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN WEST AFRICA
SCENARIO 011
.

Sierra Leone declares public health emergency to curb deadly Ebola outbreak

Death toll from an outbreak of Ebola in West Africa—Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone—has risen to at least 729 since February, including 233  in Sierra Leone, said WHO.

Liberia’s government earlier announced that it was closing down all schools across the country to stop the spread of the deadly virus.

Ebola Fears in Other Countries

“The Philippine Department of Health (DOH) said Thursday that it has put in place precautionary measures to prevent the entry and spread of the Ebola virus disease in the country,”  said a report.

Ebola could be a threat to Britain, said the British Foreign Secretary during an emergency meeting on Wednesday.

“In terms of the UK, the issue is about the possibility of somebody who has contracted the disease in Africa getting sick here.” He told reporters.

The Nigerian government has ordered the temperature screening of all passengers arriving from places at risk from Ebola, while suspending pan-African airline Asky because it brought the first Ebola case to the overcrowded capital Lagos.

Ethiopia and Kenya have begun screening passengers arriving from West Africa.

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF)

EHF is a highly contagious virus that spreads via close personal contact and kills up to 90% of the victims.

Five subspecies of Ebolavirus have so far been found. Four of those have caused disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans, according to CDC.

  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and damage to central nervous system.
  • There are  no known cure or vaccine for the Ebola virus.
  • Incubation period is from two to 21 days.

In Africa, confirmed cases of Ebola HF have previously been reported in the following countries:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of the Congo (ROC)
  • South Africa (imported)

The current outbreak  is the first known occurrence of Ebola HF in Guinea.

“The natural reservoir host of ebolaviruses, and the manner in which transmission of the virus to humans occurs, remain unknown. This makes risk assessment in endemic areas difficult. With the exception of several laboratory contamination cases (one in England and two in Russia), all cases of human illness or death have occurred in Africa; no case has been reported in the United States,” said CDC.

Ebola_2_thumb_colorized
Ebola virions (image 2 colorized 1), diagnostic specimen from the first passage in Vero cells of a specimen from a human patient — this image is from the first isolation and visualization of Ebola virus, 1976. In this case, some of the filamentous virions are fused together, end-to-end, giving the appearance of a “bowl of spaghetti.” Negatively stained virions. Magnification: approximately x40,000.  Micrograph from F. A. Murphy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

12 deadly pathogens could spread into new regions aided by climate change

A report by Wildlife Conservation Society released on October 7, 2008 lists 12 deadly pathogens that could spread globally as a result of climate change. “All have potential impacts to both human and wildlife health as well as global economies.” Report said.

Titled ‘The Deadly Dozen: Wildlife Diseases in the Age of Climate Change,’ the report illustrates examples of diseases that could spread due to temperatures changes and variations in regional precipitation levels.

The “Deadly Dozen” list [ABC order]

  1. Avian influenza
  2. Babesia
  3. Cholera
  4. Ebola
  5. Intestinal and external parasites
  6. Lyme disease
  7. Plague
  8. Red tides
  9. Rift Valley fever
  10. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis)
  11. Tuberculosis
  12. Yellow fever

RELATED LINKS

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