Posts Tagged ‘Alaska’
Posted by feww on November 20, 2013
Four Storm Systems Devastated Western and Interior Alaska
Governor Sean Parnell has declared a state disaster for Interior Alaska. The governor amended his disaster declaration for the western Alaska villages to include the Fairbanks North Star Borough, according to a press release posted on the state website.
“I commend residents for taking care of their neighbors and helping those who were hardest hit by the storm,” he said.
The same storm systems that devastated western Alaska villages went on to cause widespread damage in Interior Alaska. All told, the four storms that moved through the region blew down trees, cutting power to as many as 16,000 residents at the height of the storm.
“All of our state assets have been standing by to assist the borough, and we have maintained communication through the state emergency operations center during the event,” Governor Parnell continued. “The purpose of this disaster declaration is to ensure the borough has access to recovery grants in order to speed up the process.”
Golden Valley Electric Association has coordinated with all available linemen from across the state to repair downed power lines as quickly as possible. Crews have been working around the clock since the storm subsided this weekend.
Parnell made the announcement after meeting with residents in the Northwest Arctic Borough, Bering Straits Regional Education Attendance Area, and Lower Yukon, as well as the mayors of FNSB, North Pole and Fairbanks.
Four major storm systems battered the state earlier this month with powerful winds, strong seas and freezing rain and snow, said a report.
The governor’s office says that the declaration opens access to state disaster relief funds to repair infrastructure and some homes.
Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: Alaska, Alaska disaster declaration, Bering Straits Regional Education Attendance Area, Extreme Weather Warning, Fairbanks, FNSB, Gale warning, Heavy Freeze Spray Warning, Kotlik, Lower Yukon, North Pole, Northwest Arctic Borough, storm damage, storm warning, Unalakleet, Winter Storm Warning | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on November 13, 2013
Another Series of Major Storms to Impact Alaska Through the Week: NWS
“Another series of major winter storms will be impacting the State of Alaska through the week bringing high storm surge to already affected areas along the west coast of the State, freezing rain accumulation up to 3/4 inch for the western Interior of Alaska, and snowfall of up to a foot for much of the Alaska Interior,” NWS forecasters reported.
Extreme Weather Warnings currently in effect for Alaska include
- Winter Storm Warning
- Storm Warning
- Gale Warning
- Heavy Freeze Spray Warning
Posted in Climate Change, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: Alaska, Extreme Weather Warning, Gale warning, Heavy Freeze Spray Warning, storm warning, Winter Storm Warning | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on September 5, 2013
Exile inevitable for America’s first climate refugees: Report
The impact of climate change is more intense in the far north, where temperatures are warming faster than the global average, causing rapid thawing of the sea ice, melting the permafrost and forcing residents of remote Alaskan areas out of their villages, said a report.
- Some 184 Alaskan villages, or 86% of all native communities, are at risk because of climate change.
- It cost $100 to $400 million just to relocate one village [See full report.]
ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES: Most Are Affected by Flooding and Erosion, but Few Qualify for Federal Assistance—GAO
Approximately 6,600 miles of Alaska’s coastline and many of the low-lying areas along the state’s rivers are subject to severe flooding and erosion. Most of Alaska’s Native villages are located on the coast or on riverbanks.
Aerial View of Flooding in Aniak (c. 2002). Source: Alaska Division of Emergency Services
Locations of 184 Native Villages Affected by Flooding and Erosion. Source: GAO.
Permafrost (permanently frozen subsoil) is found over approximately 80 percent of Alaska. It is deepest and most extensive on the Arctic Coastal Plain and decreases in depth, eventually becoming discontinuous further south. In northern Alaska, where the permafrost is virtually everywhere, most buildings are elevated to minimize the amount of heat transferred to the ground to avoid melting the permafrost. In northern barrier island communities, the permafrost literally helps hold the island together. However, rising temperatures in recent years have led to widespread thawing of the permafrost, causing serious damage. As permafrost melts, buildings and runways sink, bulk fuel tank areas are threatened, and slumping and erosion of land ensue. —GAO.
Posted in Climate Change, disaster areas, disaster watch, disaster zone, Global Disaster watch, global disasters | Tagged: Alaska, ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES, Arctic Coastal Plain, Arctic tundra, climate refugees, Denali Commission, Disaster in Slow Motion, erosion, flooding, ice melt, Internally displaced, Newtok, permafrost, US climate refugees | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on August 31, 2013
8 significant aftershocks strike Aleutian Islands, following M7.0 quake
At least 8 significant aftershocks, measuring 5.0Mw or larger, were among a swarm of dozen quakes that hit Aleutian Islands, Alaska, following a powerful 7.0 mainshock that occurred ESE of Adak, Alaska earlier today.
West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center said there was no tsunami advisory, watch or warning in effect after the mainshock.
The M7.0 quake struck about 94km (58mi) ESE of Adak, Alaska and was strongly felt in Adak, about 2,000km southwest of Anchorage, according to reports.
There was no report of major damage or injuries, as of posting.
Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP
Details of Mainshock
- Event Time: 2013-08-30 16:25:02 UTC
- Location: 51.610°N 175.361°W depth=33.5km (20.8mi)
- Nearby Cities
- 94km (58mi) ESE of Adak, Alaska
- 1,520km (944mi) SSE of Anadyr’, Russia
Posted in Alaska Earthquake forecast, Alaska Earthquake Warning | Tagged: Adak, Alaska, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, earthquake, earthquake 2013, Earthquake cluster, earthquake swarm | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on June 17, 2013
Deadly flooding and landslides triggered by extreme rains wreak havoc across northern India
Earliest ever monsoon rains has covered the entire India, according to the country’s Met Office, triggering sever flooding that have inundated hundreds of towns and villages, sweeping away homes, businesses and public infrastructure.
At least 50 people are known to have died, as of posting, and many more are missing.
Footage shows apartment blocks in Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand surrounded by flood waters, before one is swept away.
Mumbai has been crippled by torrential rains and high winds, with many low-lying areas in the city and suburbs flooded.
“The situation is very grim. The meteorological office has predicted that the rain will continue for another three days at least,” said a government spokesman.
Singapore, Malaysia suffocate as Indonesia forest fires intensify
The air quality index in Malaysia and Singapore fell to unhealthy levels on Monday, as smoke from illegal forest clearing in Indonesia blanketed the region.
Singapore government has advised people to stay indoors, as the pollutant standards index climbed to its highest level in seven years, said a report.
“Given the current hazy conditions, it is advised that children, the elderly and those with heart or lung diseases reduce prolonged or heavy outdoor activities… Everyone else should limit prolonged or heavy outdoor activities,” said Singapore’s National Environment Agency.
Black Forest Fire: Initial Home Assessment
Updated: June 16, 2013 at approximately 7:30 p.m. (DST) – El Paso County Sheriff’s office
The extent of damage caused by the Black Forest Fire to homes in the region is as follows:
- Total Loss: 483
- Partial Damage: 17
Note: This is a preliminary home assessment. Due to continuous and dynamic fire activity the information could change.
The blaze was reportedly 65 percent contained, as of posting.
Red Flag Warning Issued for Most of Alaska
NWS has issued for most of Alaska, as several fires rage across the states, including a lightning-caused fire near Lime Village in the central Kuskokwim River, which grew rapidly Sunday evening. “It had more than doubled, to 12,260 acres, in 48 hours, according to a news release issued at 7:45 p.m. Sunday,” said a report.
Fire danger is expected to be extreme over the next 5 days, forecasters said.
High and Low Temperature for the Contiguous U.S.
High Temperature for Sunday, June 16, 2013 (as received by 8 am EDT June 17)
- 114 degrees (45.6ºC) recorded at Ocotillo Wells, CA
Low Temperature for Monday, June 17, 2013 (as received by 8 am EDT June 17)
- 30 degrees (-1.1ºC) recorded at Stanley, ID
World’s High and Low Temperature
Max Temp. June 17, 2013 at 15:00 UTC
- 126.5 degrees (52.5ºC) recorded at Socotra, Yemen
Min Temp. June 17, 2013 at 15:00 UTC
- -101.4 degrees (-74.1ºC) recorded at Concordia, Antarctica
[Source: National Weather Service/NCEP]
World Record High Temperature Could Be Broken This Year
Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013 | Tagged: air-quality index, Alaska, Black Forest Fire, Black Forest Fire Map, Colorado wildfire, El Paso, Extreme Monsoon Rains, forest fire, High temp U.S., India, Indonesia forest clearing, Landslide, Low Temperature U.S., Malaysia, Missing in India, Monsoon, ndonesia Forest Fire, Ocotillo Wells, Red Flag Warning, Singapore, Uttarakhand | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on April 6, 2012
Explosion destroys dome in Cleveland summit crater
Sudden explosions of blocks and ash may occur, while the volcano remains active, with the ash clouds rising to above 20,000 feet above sea level, AVO said.
- Elevation: 5,676 ft (1,730 m)
- Location: 52.8222° N, 169.945° W
- Quadrangle: Samalga
Mt Cleveland. Photo taken at 18:00 UTC on 11 Mar 2012 while transiting north through Samalga pass. Several small explosions were detected in days prior to the time of the photo, but very little ash is observed on the upper flanks. Credit: Matthew Davis/NOAA.
19°25’16″ N 155°17’13″ W,
Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1,247 m)
Current Volcano Ale,rt Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE
Activity Summary for past 24 hours: The summit continued to inflate slowly while back-to-back DI events and sympathetic summit lava lake oscillations continued. Overnight, glow was visible within the Halema`uma`u gas plume and from sources within Pu`u `O`o crater. To the southeast, surface flows continued to be active on the pali and the coastal plain; there was no ocean entry. Seismic tremor levels were low; gas emissions were elevated: HVO
Kīlauea Volcano. Active flows continued over a broad area on the coastal plain on April 5, 2012. “This composite image combines a normal photograph and a thermal image to show the areas of active breakouts. Yellow areas are active flows while red areas are inactive, but still warm, flows. The flow front in the lower right was 1.6 km (1 mile) from the ocean,” HVO said.
Alert Level Increased for Iliamna Volcano, AK
Iliamna Activity – Color Code YELLOW Alert Level ADVISORY
Since January 2012 the earthquake rate at Iliamna Volcano has steadily increased and now exceeds normal background levels.
Iliamna Volcano. View from the SSE of Iliamna showing the prominent NE shoulder fumarole field near the summit. Note glacier disturbance (movement) on the east flank (upper Red Glacier). Photo: Game McGimsey/AVO/USGS.
Location: Mariana Islands (18.13 ºN, 145.8 ºE)
Elevation: 570 m
Recent Eruption: 2006
Volcanic Alert Level: ADVISORY
Aviation Color Code: YELLOW
A gas and steam plume continued to extend downwind from the summit vent throughout the past week, but there were no further reports of unrest or activity at Pagan volcano, USGS said.
Other Volcanic Activity/ Unrest (Source: GVP)
Posted in active volcanoes, Alaska volcanoes, hawaii volcanoes, major volcanoes, super volcanoes, US Volcanoes, volcanoes | Tagged: Alaska, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, Cleveland volcano update, Earthquakes, Earthquakes 2012, Fox Islands group, Iliamna Volcano, Kīlauea, Kīlauea volcano update, Mariana Islands, Mt Cleveland, Pagan, Pu`u `O`o crater, Red Glacier, Samalga island, Samalga pass, volcano update | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on April 27, 2011
FIRE-EARTH Model shows NEAR CRITICAL buildup of tectonic stress energy near the coast of Alaska.
Posted in 2011 disasters, 2011 earthquakes, Alaska Earthquake forecast, Alaska Earthquake Warning | Tagged: Alaska, Aleutian, Global Tectonics Alert, Megathrust, Pacific Plate, tectonic stress energy, Transition Fault | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on November 20, 2010
The Lagoons of Sivash, Ukraine
Sivash, Ukraine. This natural-color image was captured by the Thematic Mapper on NASA’s Landsat 5 satellite on June 6, 2010. Source: NASA
Yukon Delta, Alaska
The Yukon Delta’s sinuous waterways, which empty into the Bering Sea, was captured by the Earth-observing Landsat satellites in a 2002. Source: NASA
False-color satellite image of the Yukon Delta, Alaska, USA. acquired on 26 May 2002. Source: NASA
“Stunning” Ice Patterns
Greenland fjords. Image acquired in 2001. Source: NASA
Posted in earth from space | Tagged: Alaska, Lagoons of Sivash, satellite images of earth, Ukraine, Yukon Delta | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on April 30, 2010
Image of the day:
“Darn, Just When I Was Getting Ready to Move to The Gulf Coast …”
Serial No 1,646. Starting April 2010, each entry on this blog has a unique serial number. If any of the numbers are missing, it may mean that the corresponding entry has been blocked by Google/the authorities in your country. Please drop us a line if you detect any anomaly/missing number(s).
Posted in Energy and Climate Bill, environment, Gulf of Mexico oil Spill, Gulf of Mexio, offshore Drilling, oil disaster, oil slick | Tagged: Alaska, exxon valdez oil spill, Louisiana oil spill, polar bear | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on February 19, 2010
Old Hazards Enhanced by ‘New’ Factors
Persistent low-level seismicity, extreme rain events in California and Alaska increases the frequency of avalanches, landslides
Just days after an avalanche in Alaska killed the President of ConocoPhillips Alaska operations and left his top financial aide missing, another avalanche closed the only highway between Anchorage and the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska a few hours ago, KTUU reported.
The avalanche piled snow as much as 20 feet high in some places (Rich Jordan/KTUU-DT). Image may be subject to copyright. see Fair Use notice. Click image to enlarge.
In California, “the transition roads from the westbound Interstate 10 and northbound 71 Freeway to the northbound 57 Freeway” were shut down by Caltrans down after an entire hillside collapsed onto traffic lanes below, Daily Press reported.
The clean up may take up to a week as rain is expected over the weekend, California Highway Patrol officials were reported as saying.
Caltrans officials view a landslide that covered the connector road from the westbound 10 Freeway to the northbound 57 Freeway in San Dimas on Thursday (local time). (Keith Durflinger/Staff Photographer). Image may be subject to copyright. see Fair Use notice.
Posted in Anchorage highway, avalanche, extreme rain, Kenai Peninsula, San Dimas | Tagged: Alaska, Alaska avalanche, california, California landslide, Seiscimity | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on January 12, 2010
Submitted by a reader in Oregon
Animal Killer Sarah Palin Signs on as a Commentator with Fox ‘News’
Former governor of Alaska and the mother of Bristol Palin has joined the Fox ‘News’ Channel as a commentator, reports said.
Oil and Gas Republican Sarah [‘the Lord is coming soon’] Palin, who unsuccessfully ran for the post of vice-president in the 2008 election, and resigned as Alaska governor in July 2009, is hitting the make-believe news network scene.
[Just before this woman shot me, I was alive and well, looking forward to running around with my kids all day.] A video tribute to Sarah Palin at the Republican convention was titled “Mother, Moose Hunter, Maverick.” The word “murderer” was intentionally removed. Photo: AP. Image may be subject to copyright. Click image to enlarge.
Mrs Palin, said to be incapable of stringing a full sentence together, would start as a freshman on the channel [presumably to comment on the sports news,] Australian- owned Fox ‘News,’ said, refusing to divulge financial details of the 3-year deal.
“I am thrilled to be joining the great talent and management team at Fox News,” Mrs Palin said in a statement posted on the network’s website.
“It’s wonderful to be part of a place that so values fair and balanced news.”
“[Mrs Palin] captivated everyone on both sides of the political spectrum”. Fox’s executive vice-president for programming, Bill Shine, said, forgetting to mention Alaska’s Russian speaking neighbors.
“We are excited to add her dynamic voice to the Fox News line-up,” he boasted.
In addition to her commentary chores, Palin would occasionally host a program featuring “inspirational tales involving ordinary Americans.” The Washington Post reported.
Asked how she would qualify as a commentator despite her legendary public displays of total ignorance on political, geographical, environmental, social and parental issues, Mrs Palin is believed to have cited her previous TV experience when she worked part-time as a sports presenter for the KTUU station in Anchorage, Alaska in the 1980s.
When badgered for an opinion, a senior FOX network executive, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, is believed to have said: “Hey Fux! This is all a load of make-believe crock, what did you expect from Crocodile Dundee network?”
Posted in big oil, Fox 'News', FOX network, FOX TV, sarah palin | Tagged: Alaska, Bristol Palin, Crocodile Dundee, KTUU Anchorage, polar bear news, politics | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on August 12, 2009
Images of Day:
Forest Fires Burn Massive Scars on Alaska’s Face
Human activity is ultimately responsible for the intensity and frequency of most present-day forest fires like Alaska’s; to call them ‘wildfires,’ therefore, is disingenuous and unintelligent.
Burn Scars Near Confluence of Yukon and Tanana Rivers, Alaska
infrared-enhanced (visible, shortwave-IR, and near-IR) [acquired August 9, 2009]
natural-color [acquired August 9, 2009]
Cool, wet weather over the second weekend of August moderated fire activity in interior Alaska. When the skies cleared on August 9, 2009, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured these images. Fires that had been churning out thick clouds of smoke the previous week were quiet; according to the daily situation report from the Alaska Interagency Coordination Center on August 11, 2009, however, the fires were still smoldering.
The top image is an infrared-enhanced view of the area at the confluence of the Tanana River with the Yukon, west of Fairbanks, made from a combination of visible, shortwave-infrared, and near-infrared light. Vegetation is bright green, water is dark blue (nearly black in marsh pools), and burned areas are brick red. The largest fire in the state, the Railbelt Complex, is partially hidden by clouds at image right. The lower image shows a natural-color (photo-like) view of the area. The muddy waters of the two rivers are light brown, and different kinds of vegetation, including spruce forests and muskeg, appear in shades of green. The burned areas are dark brown. NASA image courtesy the MODIS Rapid Response Team. Caption by Rebecca Lindsey.
Fires in Interior Alaska [acquired August 3, 2009]
Red flag warnings, cautioning residents that weather conditions were dangerously favorable for the rapid growth of wildfires, were in place for much of eastern Alaska on August 3, 2009, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image. Places where the sensor detected actively burning fires are marked with red dots. Hundreds of thousands of acres were burning at the time of this image. The largest fire, the Railbelt Complex, had grown to more than 481,000 acres as of August 4, and the southern perimeter of the fire was active along a 12-mile front, according to the morning situation report from the Alaska Interagency Coordination Center.
The large image provided above is at MODIS’ maximum spatial resolution (level of detail). Twice-daily images of interior Alaska are available from the MODIS Rapid Response Team in additional resolutions and formats, including a false-color version that highlights the location of burn scars and georeferenced images that can be used in Google Earth. NASA images courtesy the MODIS Rapid Response Team. All captions by Rebecca Lindsey.
Posted in Alaska, alaskan forest, Arctic tundra, Climate Change, forest fires, forests natural defense, Global Warming, greenhouse gases, Railbelt complex, Tanana River, Yukon River, Zitziana | Tagged: Alaska, Alaska on fire, Alsaka fires, Beetles Attack, forest fires | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on August 4, 2009
Climate change is permanently changing the face of Alaska, Earth
In Alaska, 35 percent forest, climate change is causing irreversible changes including droughts, forest fires, and infestations of tree-killing insects like spruce beetles and spruce budworm moths. In the last 15 years, the spruce beetles, which thrive in warmer climates, have destroyed a total of about 3 million acres (1.21 million hectares) of spruce forest in south-central Alaska.
More Than 1 Million Acres Burning in Interior Alaska
Large wildfires that began in July continued to burn in interior Alaska in the first week of August 2009. These images from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite on August 2 show some of the state’s largest blazes and the thick pall of smoke they were creating. The top image is a natural-color (photo-like) view of the area, while the lower image combines visible, shortwave-, and near-infrared light to make burned areas (brick red) stand out better from unburned vegetation (bright green). In this kind of false-color image, the bright pink areas along the perimeters of the fires are often a sign of open flame.
According to the August 3 report from the Alaska Interagency Coordination Center, 483 fires were burning across the state, affecting about 2.4 million acres. The Railbelt Complex was the largest at an estimated 462,298 acres. The Tanana River appears to be creating a natural firebreak at the northern edge of the fire, which is spreading to the south. To the east, the smaller Wood River Fire (107,634 acres) has bright pink spots along both its northern and southern perimeters. Both these fires, as well as the Big Creek Fire (145,652 acres) and Little Black One Fire (292,907 acres) along the Yukon River, were triggered by lightning. NASA images courtesy the MODIS Rapid Response Team. Caption by Rebecca Lindsey.
References: Alaska Interagency Coordination Center Situation Report, Monday–08/03/2009
Alaska Warming Rapidly
Alaska has experienced an average warming of 3 degrees Celsius (5.4 °F) and about 4.5 °C (8°F) in the inner regions in winter months since the 1960s, the largest regional warming of anywhere in the U.S., according to records.
The warmer temperature means Alaska’s peat bogs, which are nearly 14,000 years old, are drying up. Ed Berg, an ecologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, has discovered that shrubs and other plants have been rooting in areas of peat big normally too soggy for woody plants to grow during the last three decades.
As the areas of beetle-infested forest grow, more land is clear-cut and land speculation frenzy grows.
Wetlands are a natural defense mechanism retarding forest fires. The warmer weather and drier forest therefore could lead to more forest fires.
Drying or burning peat bogs, which comprise 50-60 percent carbon, would release additional carbon dioxide, the principal greenhouse gas, to the atmosphere.
An unusual pattern is left by forest fire as seen in this photograph of a mountain in Yoho National Park in British Columbia west of the Alberta border in this August 8, 2005 file picture. REUTERS/Andy Clark. Image may be subject to copyright.
Human activity is ultimately responsible for the intensity and frequency of most present-day forest fires like Alaska’s; to call them ‘wildfires,’ therefore, is disingenuous and unintelligent.
Posted in Big Creek Fire, carbon dioxide, greenhouse gases, Little Black One Fire, wildfires, Wood River Fire, Yukon River | Tagged: Alaska, alaskan forest, Arctic tundra, Climate Change, Global Warming, natural defense mechanism, spruce budworm moths, Tanana River, wetlands | 3 Comments »
Posted by feww on July 4, 2009
Palin resigned as Alaska’s governor
Palin’s position became untenable when she failed to block beluga whale being listed as endangered species
Sarah Palin announced her resignation as Alaska governor in Wasilla. Photo: Robert DeBerry/AP. Image may be subject to copyright.
Sarah Palin has resigned as Alaska’s governor.
“We know we can effect positive change outside government at this moment in time on another scale and actually make a difference for our priorities,” she said.
Palin will transfer authority to her deputy, lieutenant governor Sean Parnell by end of July 2009.
Palin was NOT expected to win the next gubernatorial election in Alaska due in 2010.
Posted in big oil, Endangered Species, moose, polar bear, Sean Parnell | Tagged: Alaska, alaska governor, beluga whale, Corporate Shill, hilarious polar bear news, palin resigns, polar bears, sarah palin | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on April 1, 2009
BP America, BPXA may be fined $500m for repeated violations
The U.S. government has reportedly filed a civil lawsuit against BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc (BPXA) for violating U.S. clean air and water laws, according to the U.S. Justice Department.
BPXA is accused of illegally discharging at least 260,000 gallons (~ 1 million liters) of crude oil “from its pipelines in Prudhoe Bay onto the North Slope of Alaska during two major oil spills in the spring and summer of 2006.” Reuters reporetd.
According to the suit, BPXA also failed to employ proper spill prevention measures as stipulated by the Clean Water Act.
BP America Tower shadows the Fountain of Eternal Life in downtown Cleveland, Ohio. Image source: outdoor webshots. Image may be subject to copyright.
“We have taken significant steps to ensure that our operations are safe and reliable, and protect the environment,” said a spokesman at BPXA, a wholly owned subsidiary of BP America, a part of UK’s BP Plc.
The lawsuit filed by DOJ on behalf of DOT and EPA seeks
- An injunction against future violation by BPXA, requiring the company to take appropriate action to prevent spills
- Damages caused by the spills
- Maximum possible punitive damages allowed by the law
“The state of Alaska also filed a lawsuit against BP on Tuesday, relating to the 2006 oil spill, but did not specify a proposed fine, ” said the report.
Since 1999, BP America has been found guilty on various negligence charges, or forced to settle for repeated violations including,
- Pipeline spill in violation of the Clean Water Act 2007
- Fatal fire in 2005 at BP refinery in Texas City
- Propane-market manipulations by BP futures traders in 2004
- Illegally dumping hazardous waste at its Endicott oil field on the North Slope in 1999
The company has been forced to pay in damages, fines and settlements a total of about $27m so far.
Posted in Endicott oil field, EPA Lawsuit, Exxon Valdez Disaster, oil spill, Texas City Refinery | Tagged: Alaska, BP America, BPXA, Clean Water Act, Prudhoe Bay | 4 Comments »
Posted by feww on March 23, 2009
Aviation Color Code – RED
Volcano Alert Level – WARNING
On 2009-03-23 at 02:04:08 (10:04:08UTC) AVO said:
As of 2:00AM March 23, 2009, AVO has recorded FOUR large explosions at Redoubt volcano at the following times:
- March 22 10:38PM
- March 22 11:02PM
- March 23 12:14AM
- March 23 01:39AM
[Add 8 hrs to get time in UTC]
The National Weather Service has issued an Ashfall Advisory. Link: http://pafc.arh.noaa.gov/volcano.php
Crater showing rapidly melting glacier and enlarged “ice piston” feature. Picture Date: March 21, 2009. Image Creator: Cyrus Read. Image courtesy of AVO/USGS.
Top vent in the Redoubt summit crater. Picture Date: March 21, 2009. Image Creator: Cyrus Read. Image courtesy of AVO/USGS.
Looking south at the north flank of Redoubt volcano. Ashfall limited to south crater floor, rim, and extending south-southeast. Source of ash is a vent south of the 1990 dome at an elevation of ~8300 ft. (~2, 530m). Picture Date: March 15, 2009 - Image Creator: Heather Bleick. Image courtesy of AVO/USGS.
AVO/USGS Volcanic Activity Notice
- Volcano: Redoubt (CAVW #1103-03-)
- Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
- Current Aviation Color Code: RED
Issued: Sunday, March 22, 2009, 11:26 PM AKDT (20090322/0726Z)
Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Notice Number: 2009/A12
Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
Elevation: 10197 ft (3,108 m)
Area: Cook Inlet-South Central Alaska
Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Mt. Redoubt continues. The height of the eruption cloud is estimated to be 50,000 ft above sea level. Further reports will be issued as more information becomes available.
[Volcanic cloud height] The height of the eruption cloud is estimated to be 50,000 ft above sea level. Further reports will be issued as more information becomes available.
[Other volcanic cloud information] Nil
[Mudflow] Mudflows are possible on Drift and Crescent Rivers.
[Ash fall] Ashfall likely in the vicinity of and downwind from the volcano.
Location of Redoubt volcano, in relationship to surrounding towns, roads, and other volcanoes. Image Date: September 26, 2008. Image Creator: Janet Schaefer. Image courtesy of the AVO/ADGGS.
Contacts: Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
firstname.lastname@example.org (907) 786-7497
Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
email@example.com (907) 474-7131
Mount Redoubt rises to 3108 m on the west side of Cook Inlet, 170 km SW of Anchorage. Redoubt volcano was constructed over a basement of glacially eroded Mesozoic granitic rocks, seen here in the foreground. The volcano has been very active during the Holocene, producing at least 30 tephra layers in the Cook Inlet basin stratigraphy. A steam plume rises from the summit crater, which is breached to the north, in this view from the NW following its 1989-90 eruption. Iliamna volcano is visible in the left distance. Photo by Christina Neal (U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Volcano Observatory). Caption GVP.
Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.
URGENT – WEATHER MESSAGE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ANCHORAGE AK
240 AM AKDT MON MAR 23 2009
INCLUDING THE CITIES OF, TALKEETNA, WILLOW, CANTWELL
THE ASHFALL ADVISORY IS NOW IN EFFECT UNTIL 8 AM AKDT THIS
REDOUBT VOLCANO AT 60.5N 152.7W HAS ERUPTED SEVERAL TIMES DURING
THE NIGHT. LIGHT ASHFALL HAS ALREADY BEEN REPORTED AT SKWENTNA.
LIGHT ASHFALL IS POSSIBLE THROUGHOUT THE SUSITNA VALLEY THIS
AN ASHFALL ADVISORY MEANS THAT ASH WILL BE DEPOSITED IN THE
ADVISORY AREA. PEOPLE IN AREAS OF ASHFALL SHOULD SEAL WINDOWS AND
DOORS. PROTECT ELECTRONICS AND COVER AIR INTAKES AND OPEN WATER
SUPPLIES. MINIMIZE DRIVING. LISTEN TO YOUR RADIO STATION FOR
Redoubt Ashfall – Current trajectory model. NOAA/NWS FO
Webcam image – dated March 15, 2009. AVO/USGS
Posted in explosions at Redoubt, SKWENTNA, Susitna Valley, Talkeetna, Willow | Tagged: Alaska, Cook Inlet, Redoubt, redoubt erupts, Redoubt Volcano | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on February 4, 2009
Latest photo of Alaska’s Redoubt Volcano
Hot smoke and gas were ejected from two new fumaroles that appeared in the snow and ice layer on Alaska’s Redoubt Volcano.
Photo by Chris Waythomas, Alaska Volcano Observatory /U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
The AVO researchers reported that the ice layer surrounding the volcano is melting rapidly because of the hot gasses that are spewing out of the fumaroles. The gases reportedly include carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and sulfur dioxide, which means magma is edging upward. AVO scientists also believe new magma has entered Redoubt, which means that there is strong possibility the volcano will explode in the near future.
The 3,108-meter volcano, considered the 9th most active in the U.S., is about 170 kilometers from Anchorage, Alaska.
AVO report dated 2009-02-03 15:02:56
“Unrest at Redoubt Volcano continues. Seismic activity remains elevated above background. Clear web camera images show no activity at the volcano. An AVO crew is working near the volcano today. They have installed one new seismic station and are presently working on a second installation. AVO is monitoring the volcano 24 hours a day.”
AVO Redoubt Scenarios
Based on their knowledge of Redoubt’s past activities, both historical and from the geologic record, and their analysis of the current episode of unrest, AVO suggests four possible scenarios:
- Failed Eruption
- ERUPTION SIMILAR TO OR SMALLER THAN 1989-90
Unrest continues to escalate culminating in an eruption that is similar to or smaller than the one that occurred in 1989-90.
- Larger [than 1989-90] Explosive Eruption
- Flank Collapse
Based on all available monitoring data and AVOs knowledge of the volcano, scenario number two, an eruption similar to or smaller than that of 1989-90, appears to be the most probable outcome at this time. We consider one and three to be somewhat less likely, and scenario four to be much less likely. —AVO
For more information see Redoubt Interpretation and Hazards.
Geologic Summary: Redoubt is a 3108-m-high glacier-covered stratovolcano with a breached summit crater in Lake Clark National Park about 170 km SW of Anchorage. Next to Mount Spurr, Redoubt has been the most active Holocene volcano in the upper Cook Inlet. Collapse of the summit of Redoubt 10,500-13,000 years ago produced a major debris avalanche that reached Cook Inlet. Holocene activity has included the emplacement of a large debris avalanche and clay-rich lahars that dammed Lake Crescent on the south side and reached Cook Inlet about 3500 years ago. Eruptions during the past few centuries have affected only the Drift River drainage on the north. Historical eruptions have originated from a vent at the north end of the 1.8-km-wide breached summit crater. The 1989-90 eruption of Redoubt had severe economic impact on the Cook Inlet region and affected air traffic far beyond the volcano. [Source: GVP]
Content: 500 words, 1 image, 8 links
Posted in Explosive Eruption, magma, Mount Spurr, Redoubt Scenarios, Redoubt unrest | Tagged: Alaska, Cook Inlet. Anchorage, Lake Clark National Park, Redoubt Volcano, stratovolcano | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on February 1, 2009
Redoubt Activity – Color Code ORANGE : Alert Level WATCH
AVO Report on 2009-01-31 at 22:41:24 [Local Time]
Seismicity remained above background. No new episodes of tremor have been detected in the last two hours.
Oblique photo of Redoubt Volcano taken during an observation flight. Fumarolic activity on the north side of the volcano is associated with the most recent unrest at Redoubt Volcano. View from the south. Picture Date: January 30, 2009 AKST – Image Creator: Kristi Wallace – Image courtesy of AVO/USGS
Observers from the gas/observation flight today report continued melting at the summit area. Holes in the ice continue to grow exposing more steaming rock. Volcanic gases continue to be detected. Web camera views are currently dark. EoR
A rapidly growing fumarole
Geologists detected a hole in the glacier covering the north side of the Mount Redoubt volcano on Friday. The hole doubled in size within hours, currently estimated at about several acres in size.
Location of Redoubt volcano, in relationship to surrounding towns, roads, and other volcanoes. Picture Date: September 26, 2008 – Image Creator: Janet Schaefer. Image courtesy of the AVO/ADGGS.
The Alaska Volcano Observatory researchers flew close to Drift Glacier and observed vigorous steam emitted from the hole. They confirmed Saturday the hole was a fumarole which was rapidly growing larger.
Based on the report, an eruption could occur. Redoubt last erupted in 1990.
AVO has been recording minor quakes, however, the frequency of these quakes are lower than the seismic activity that preceded the last two eruptions in 1989 and 1990.
“We’re looking for an increase of seismicity to match the precursor activity, [however,] we haven’t seen that yet.” AVO research geologist Kristi Wallace said.
[Note: A fumarole is an opening in Earth's crust, usually near volcanoes, which emits steam and gases including carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, hydrochloric acid.]
FEWW Forecast: An area within approximately 300-km radius of Anchorage would be one of the seismic zones in Alaska to experience continued intense seismic activity this year possibly including a magnitude MW 7.9 or larger quake close to Anchorage (south of the city, north of Rugged Island).
Posted in Alaska Volcano Observatory, Anchorage, Drift glacier, Fourpeaked Glacier, usgs | Tagged: Alaska, fumarole, fumarolic activity, Redoubt Activity, Seismicity | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on January 16, 2009
A “spectacular chinook” warms Fairbanks, Alaska
The temperature at Fairbanks International Airport dropped to -44 degrees (44 below zero) on Sunday, the last day of a continuous 16-day freeze-up, the coldest spell in the last 50 years. By Wednesday, the temperature reached a record high of 44 degrees, dramatically reversing the trend from one extreme to another. The temperature difference of 88 degrees was reached in just three days.
“Incredible,” said meteorologist Rick Thoman at the National Weather Service in Fairbanks. “Is there any other place in the country that can do that?
Adiabatic warming of downward moving air produces the warm Chinook wind. Chinook is a Pacific Northwest Indian word meaning ‘snow-eater,’ as a strong Chinook can make foot deep snow almost vanish in one day. The snow partly melts and partly evaporates in the dry wind. Chinook winds have been observed to raise winter temperature, often from below −20°C (−4°F) to as high as 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F) for a few hours or days, then temperatures plummet to their base levels. The greatest recorded temperature change in 24 hours was caused by Chinook winds on January 15, 1972, in Loma, Montana; the temperature rose from -48°C (-56°F) to 9°C (49°F), a difference of 105 degrees (source: wikipedia).
“It’s just a spectacular Chinook,” he said.
This spectacular Chinook Arch appeared over Calgary in the late afternoon of January 6, 2003 – during a warm spell when the temperature in the city reached an all-time January record high of 18°C (64°F). Image Credit: CalgaryWikifan. Wikipedia. GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or later versions.
In Nenana, the temperature rose to 54 degrees Thursday morning, another all-time high, Thoman said.
The previous record high at the airport was 43 degrees set in 1981. Also, the temperature at Birch Lake reached a daily record high of 54 ºF.
“There’s July days when it’s not that warm at Birch Lake,” Thoman said.
Posted in All-time high, Birch Lake, Chinook Arch, Salcha, temperature | Tagged: Alaska, chinook, Fairbanks, National Weather Service, spectacular chinook | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on January 14, 2009
How Many More Oil Spills Before Alaska is Toast?
A Christmas Day oil spill at ConocoPhillips’ Kuparuk oil field in Alaska caused by a ruptured pipeline was deemed one of the biggest-ever spills on the North Slope by the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC).
Ruptured hole in 6 inch flow line. The size of the hole is approximately 3.5 x .25 inches. Date: 12/27-28 . Photo Credit: ADEC
Kuparuk 2U Pad Crude Oil Spill — Jan 5-6, 2008. Photo Credit: ADEC – J. Ebel
About 100,000 gallons of oil-water mix escaped a corroded water-injection pipeline at North America’s second-biggest field, Kuparuk, which can produce up to 150,000 barrels of crude oil per day.
A smaller spill also occurred at BP’s Milne Point field elsewhere on the North Slope three days ago.
Other incidents in the area include spill of oil, gas and other fluids in 2008 at the Kuparuk oil field, and a 200,000-gallon crude oil spill at BP’s Prudhoe Bay oil field in 2006.
North America’s second largest oil field, Kuparuk is owned by a consortium of big oil including ConocoPhillips (the field operator and majority owner), BP the second largest shareholder has about 40 percent, while Chevron and Exxon Mobil own minor shares.
Posted in BP, ConocoPhillips, Exxon Mobil, oil spill, Prudhoe Bay | Tagged: Alaska, Kuparuk, Milne Point, North Slope | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on October 18, 2008
“The [beluga whale] population is critically endangered.” —Craig Matkin of the North Gulf Oceanic Society
“… we believe that this endangered listing is premature.”—Sarah Palin, the high priestess of ethics, family values, energy and politics [sic.]
“We just aren’t sure that an endangered listing, and all the legal requirements it brings with it, is necessary to assure the health of this population at this time.” —Denby Lloyd, The Alaska Department of Fish and Game commissioner
Much to the annoyance of Gov Sarah [lipstick] Palin and her gang, beluga whales in Alaska was listed as endangered species. Having pressed “for a few years to get more population counts,” Palin called the listing “premature.”
“Hopefully the State of Alaska will now work toward protecting the beluga rather than, as with the polar bear, denying the science and suing to overturn the listing,” said Brendan Cummings, the oceans program director for the Center for Biological Diversity.
A beluga whale kisses a 4 yo boy, despite being held in captivity. Photo: Getty Images. Source: SMH. Image may be subject to copyright.
The population fell from about 650 in 1994 to a low of about 280 in 2005, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said.
NOAA says that beluga Whales in the Cook Inlet risk extinction and need strict protections under the Endangered Species Act.
Lower Cook Inlet region in south central Alaska. Credit: Alaska Volcano Observatory.
“In spite of protections already in place, Cook Inlet beluga whales are not recovering,” said James Balsinger at NOAA’s Fisheries Service.
“The science was clear — and it has been for a very long time,” said marine mammal scientist Craig Matkin of the North Gulf Oceanic Society. “The population is critically endangered.”
“The State of Alaska has had serious concerns about the low population of belugas in Cook Inlet for many years,” Palin said after the NOAA decision. “However, we believe that this endangered listing is premature.” [Really?]
The Alaska Department of Fish and Game commissioner, Denby Lloyd, admitted that they had urged NOAA to delay the listing “for a few years to get more population counts.”
“Of course, whenever you have a population of marine mammals that is this low, it is a cause for serious concern … We just aren’t sure that an endangered listing, and all the legal requirements it brings with it, is necessary to assure the health of this population at this time.” Lloyd said.
[Note: There won't be a next time after the population is extinct!]
Beluga Whale. Photo credit: NOAA. The critically endangered Cook Inlet beluga whale population is one of the five distinct populations off Alaska, the only ones in U.S. waters.
“Various industry groups have also fought the listing, which they fear will hamper Cook Inlet oil and gas development, cargo shipping, commercial fishing and major construction projects. Reuters reported.
Conservation groups filed a petition some 9 years ago [March 1999] to list the beluga as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.
Posted in Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Cook Inlet, corporate interest, endangered listing, NOAA's Fisheries Service | Tagged: Alaska, Beluga Whales, Endangered Species, marine mammal, sarah palin | 6 Comments »