Philippine Mega Disaster: Death toll rises to 5,632 with 1,759 others missing and 26,136 injured
Death toll from Super Typhoon HAIYAN climbed to 5,632, after 34 bodies were recovered in central Tacloban city since Thursday, said the Philippine National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).
The number of people missing also rose to 1,759, with 26,136 others reported injured due to HAIYAN [ locally known as YOLANDA.]
Total number of people affected by the Super Typhoon is put at just under 11 million [U.N. estimate is about 13.5 million,] with the number of displaced revised down to about 3.9 million.
The number of houses destroyed or damaged has increased to 1,168,909 units including 582,827 units completely flattened, according to NDRRMC SitRep No. 48, released today.
The total cost of damage to infrastructure and agriculture [the estimate excludes cost of rebuilding homes] is pegged at over PhP30.6 billion [$1=43.77 Philippines peso] with about PhP15.6 for infrastructure and PhP15 billion for agriculture in Regions IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, and CARAGA, said the report.
State of National Calamity
The Philippine President issued Presidential Proclamation No. 682 declaring a state of national calamity on 11 November 11, 2013.
Extent of Crop Damage
“High winds, heavy rains and localized floods destroyed houses and infrastructure, including irrigation facilities, and resulted in losses of the main staple rice paddy, sugarcane and coconut crops, as well as livestock, poultry and fisheries,” said the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
HAIYAN destroyed about 153,500 hectares (ha) of rice paddy, maize and other high value crops, including 77,500 ha of rice and 21,000 ha of maize crops, it added [figures are rounded to the nearest 100.]
Philippines imports of rice are to increase by 20 percent next year to 1.2 million metric tons, said FAO.
FIRE-EARTH Disaster Models
On November 9, 2013, FIRE-EARTH Models estimated the impact of Super Typhoon HAIYAN in the Philippines as a magnitude 6.2 catastrophe on the FEWW Disaster Scale, indicating large-scale regional destruction with up to 40,000 casualties.
- FIRE-EARTH Disaster Models estimate the total cost of damage at more than $5billion.
FIRE-EARTH and MSRB 2004 Forecast
In 2004, our team forecast an 80-90 percent increase in the total power dissipated annually by tropical cyclones in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by 2015.
- Storms will continue to get stronger (develop greater average intensities) and survive at high intensity for longer (take more time to dissipate peak energy) resulting in substantial increases in storm-related losses in the near future.
Super Typhoon HAIYAN: Chronology of Disaster
Super Typhoon HAIYAN (locally known as YOLANDA) made its first landfall in the early morning of 8 November in Guiuan, Eastern Samar province. HAIYAN made subsequent landfalls in Tolosa south of Tacloban City, Leyte province, Daanbantayan and Bantayan Island, Cebu province, Conception, Iloilo province and Busuanga, Palawan province.
- Super Typhoon HAIYAN: WE TOLD YOU SO! November 20, 2013
- Super Typhoon HAIYAN Disaster: 4 Pct of Philippine Population Displaced November 17, 2013
- Global Disasters/ Significant Events – November 18, 2013 November 18, 2013
- 4.24 Million Displaced in Super Typhoon HAIYAN November 23, 2013