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Mass die-offs from human impact and planetary response to the assault could occur by early 2016

Posts Tagged ‘Indonesia’

Significant Quakes Strike Chile, Indonesia, PNG

Posted by feww on July 5, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS 08, 07
.

M6.6 Strikes S of Taron, Papua New Guinea

The quake preceded by a foreshock measuring 5.6Mw and two aftershocks measurin6 4.9 and 4.8Mw, as of posting.

EQ Details

PNG
Magnitude: 6.6Mw
Event Time: 2014-07-04 15:00:26 UTC
Location: 6.205°S 152.821°E depth=10.0km (6.2mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 193km (120mi) S of Taron, Papua New Guinea
  • 214km (133mi) SSE of Kokopo, Papua New Guine

Indonesia
Magnitude: 6.0Mw
Event Time: 2014-07-05 09:39:30 UTC
Location: 1.995°N 97.015°E depth=30.0km (18.6mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 88km (55mi) SE of Sinabang, Indonesia
  • 198km (123mi) W of Sibolga, Indonesia
  • 204km (127mi) SW of Kabanjahe, Indonesia
  • 241km (150mi) SW of Binjai, Indonesia
  • 534km (332mi) WSW of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Chile
Magnitude: 4.4Mw
Event Time: 2014-07-05 11:00:47 UTC
Location: 20.709°S 70.806°W depth=23.8km (14.8mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 87km (54mi) SW of Iquique, Chile
  • 165km (103mi) NNW of Tocopilla, Chile
  • 252km (157mi) SSW of Arica, Chile
  • 274km (170mi) NW of Calama, Chile
  • 543km (337mi) SSW of La Paz, Bolivia

 

Posted in Earthquake Hazard, Earthquake Information, Earthquake news, earthquake report, Global Disaster watch | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Latest Significant Seismicity

Posted by feww on May 2, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
NIGHTMARE SCENARIO 08
.

Significant Quakes Strike Indonesia, Japan Region

The latest seismicity in and around the PRF include the following events.

M 5.9 – (257km SE of Kamaishi, Japan)
Time: 2014-05-02 09:15:20 UTC
Location: 37.880°N 144.246°E
Depth: 14.6km

M 6.0 (70km SSE of Namlea, Indonesia)
Time: 2014-05-02 08:43:37 UTC
Location: 3.801°S, 127.435°E
Depth: 54.2km

Global Seismic events 2may2014
EQ Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP

M 5.3 (139km W of Neiafu, Tonga)
Time: 2014-05-02 07:46:07 UTC
Location: 18.848°S, 175.293°W
Depth: 35.0km

M 5.3 (Palau region)
Time: 2014-05-01 15:21:14 UTC
Location: 6.542°N, 130.095°E
Depth: 9.6km

M 5.8 (81km WSW of Onan Ganjang, Indonesia)
Time: 2014-05-01 14:35:38 UTC
Location: 1.944°N, 97.932°E
Depth: 55.2km

Posted in Global Disaster watch | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Thousands of Fires Caused by Dry Spell in Malaysia

Posted by feww on February 26, 2014

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENTS
DRY SPELL
LARGE SWARMS OF WILDFIRES
WATER FAMINE
“STATE OF CRISIS”
.

Water rationing enforced as thousands of wildfires plague Malaysia

The state of Selangor, Malaysia’s wealthiest state, began water rationing on Tuesday as their reservoirs dipped to critically low levels.

“We pledge that every consumer will receive water, but it will be rationed to ensure supply every two days,” the state chief minister was reported as saying.

“In a week, consumers will receive water for four days.”

Meanwhile, authorities revealed more than 7,000 forest and bushfires had been reported throughout the country since early February, five times the normal.

The state of Negeri Sembilan, near the Malaysian capital of Kuala Lumpur, has already declared a “state of crisis” due to water shortage.

“In peninsular Malaysia, 15 areas have not had rainfall in more than 20 days, with some of them dry for more than a month, according to the Malaysian Meteorological Department. The dry weather is expected to run for another two weeks,” reported Reuters.

SEA 30-day precip anomalies
SE Asia 30-day precipitation anomaly (mm) for 27 Jan. – 25 Feb. 2014. Source: cpc.ncep.noaa

Singapore

The city-state of Singapore has experienced its longest dry spell on record, between January 13  and  February 8,  and has received little rain since.

Authorities say the dry weather contributed to the death of fish stocks at offshore aquaculture facilities. More than 160 tons of fish have perished recently due to a lack of oxygen in the water.

Indonesia

Governor of Riau declared a province-wide state of emergency as forest-clearing fires raged out of control due to drought.

Smog caused by record air pollution has enveloped a large region of Sumatra, forcing the pollutants standard index (PSI) to climb to a hazardous 778, and prompting authorities to close schools and urge residents to stay at home.

Forest-Clearing Fires in Indonesia

Many of the fires, started intentionally to clear the forests, have been raging since early February, engulfing forests in six provinces on Sumatra Island.

smoke rises from burning forest
Smoke rises from a burning forest in Sumatra. Credit: Antara/FB Anggoro. Image may be subject to copyright.

Satellite images showed more than 700 hotspots in Sumatra alone on February 15, nearly twice the number the previous day, with at least 600 of the blazes in Riau Province , said a report.

“We have asked the central government to help with fighting fires by sending aircraft,” said the newly-sworn-in governor of Riau.

“If it’s just helicopters, we won’t be able to cope.”

Posted in 2014 disaster diary, 2014 Disaster Forecast, Climate Change, environment, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, Global Disasters 2014, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Raging Forest Fires: State of Emergency Declared in Riau, Indonesia

Posted by feww on February 26, 2014

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENT
DROUGHT
FOREST CLEARING FIRES
STATE OF EMERGENCY
.

RIAU declares a state of emergency amid major forest fires

RIAU declared a province-wide state of emergency amid forest-clearing fires raging out of control due to drought.

Smog caused by record air pollution has enveloped a large region forcing the pollutants standard index (PSI) to climb to a hazardous 778, and prompting authorities to close schools and urge residents to stay at home.

Port officials along the Strait of Malacca, meanwhile, issued multiple warnings as visibility plunged to below 50m.

Riau Province is located in the central eastern coast of Sumatra, Indonesia’s largest island, along the Strait of Malacca.

Forest-Clearing Fires in Indonesia

Many of the fires, started intentionally to clear the forests, have been raging since early February, engulfing forests in six provinces on Sumatra Island.

smoke rises from burning forest
Smoke rises from a burning forest in Sumatra. Credit: Antara/FB Anggoro. Image may be subject to copyright.

Satellite images showed more than 700 hotspots in Sumatra alone on February 15, nearly twice the number the previous day, with at least 600 of the blazes in Riau Province , said a report.

“We have asked the central government to help with fighting fires by sending aircraft,” said the newly-sworn-in governor of Riau.

“If it’s just helicopters, we won’t be able to cope,” he added.

Posted in environment, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, News Alert, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Sinabung Eruption Leaves 14 Dead, Thousands Evacuated

Posted by feww on February 1, 2014

Sumatra volcano in deadly eruption

Mt Sinabung Erupted three times on Saturday leaving at least 14 people dead, including a group of school children from Medan on a science trip, and three others critically injured. Authorities were again forced to evacuate tens of thousands of people from 16 villages from the 5km – 7km exclusion zone near the volcano.

“This is the first direct impact of the Mt. Sinabung eruptions. Before the Saturday incident, the ongoing eruptions have already claimed the lives of 31 evacuees, as a result of various illnesses such as breathing difficulties, depression, asthma and hypertension.” Jakarta Post reported.

Some 14,000 of more than 30,000 evacuees had just been allowed to return home on Friday, following earlier eruptions.

Sinabung-01022014 -antara news
Villagers flee as Mt Sinabung spews plumes of hot ash and smoke engulfing at least 16 villages. Photo credit: ANTARA /Irwansyah Putra. Image may be subject to copyright. More images…

The volcano became restive in 2010, after more than 400 years of dormancy, and has been erupting sporadically since.


Approximate location of Sinabung is marked  on the map by FEWW.
Mount Sinabung is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes

Sinabung Volcano: Summary of Details

Country: Indonesia
Region: Sumatra
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown [1600?]
Summit Elevation: 2,460
m
Latitude: 3.17°N
Longitude: 98.392°E
Source: GVP

Sinabung is located in Group K Volcanoes


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

The PVMBG categorizes Sinabung as a type A volcano, or those that have erupted since 1600. Type B volcanoes have not erupted since 1600 but show signs of activity, and type C are those that have not erupted in recorded history.

Indonesian Volcanoes

Indonesian Volcanoes have been responsible for a number of cataclysmic explosions in modern history.

Karakatoa
An 1888 lithograph of the 1883 violent explosion of Krakatau.

Based on their models, our colleagues at EDRO forecast that volcanic activity on the island of Sumatra could cause the collapse of Singapore. However, they have not disclosed any further detail.

mt sinabung
Mt Sinabung erupted explosively again on November 12, 2013 for a second time in 9 days. Image credit: CRIonLine via Xinhua. More images…

Chronology of Recent Eruptions

Posted in volcanic hazard, volcanism, volcano, volcano alert, volcano eruprted, Volcano News, Volcano Watch | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Ecological Disaster Declared for Forest Canopy near Jakarta, Indonesia

Posted by feww on January 21, 2014

ANTHROPOGENIC HAZARDS
ECOLOGICAL DISASTERS:
DEFORESTATION
.

Jakarta floods due to ecological disaster: Environment Minister

“The floods that we now face are all a result of an ecological damage. Our ecology has been completely destroyed,” said Environment Minister Balthasar Kambuaya, while visiting the devastated are in Bogor on Monday.

“Everything happens because of human behavior which is not environmentally friendly, especially in Ciliwung, where garbage is being dumped into the river,” he said.

The destruction has occurred upstream area of Ciliwung river that runs through the capital, Jakarta, where flooding has already forced more than 65,000 people to flee their homes.

In the Ciliwung Watershed, the forest coverage has decreased from 9.4 percent in 2000 to 2.3 percent in 2010, or a 400-fold drop in the past 10 years.

Balthasar asserts that the flooding in Jakarta and landslides in nearby areas are caused by the ecological devastation in Ciliwung, including the increasing areas of critical land plagued with high levels of erosion and sedimentation, as well as high fluctuation of water flow between the dry and rainy seasons.

“The rate of ecological damage or environmental degradation in Indonesia year to year has been alarming. It was evident from the decrease in the forest coverage from 49.37 percent in 2008 to 47.73 percent in 2012, or degraded by 1.64 percent within four years,” reported Antara

Balthazar has also blamed the ecological disaster in the area on the locals who dump their waste into the river.

Related Links

Posted in Climate Change, environment, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Floods Destroy or Damage Thousands of Homes in Indonesia

Posted by feww on January 20, 2014

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENTS
CLIMATE-RELATED DISASTERS
.

Worsening floods and landslides leave dozens dead and 170,000 people homeless in Indonesia

Extreme Rain Events have triggered more flooding and landslides across the Indonesian archipelago, claiming dozens of lives and leaving at least 170,000 people homeless including the northern coast of Java, various parts of the capital Jakarta and North Sulawesi province.

The total number of people who have lost their homes include

  • 65,000 In Jakarta
  • 85,000 in North Sulawesi province
  • 20,000 on the  northern coast of Java

Dozens of people have lost their lives since the latest round of flooding began on January 14.

Meanwhile, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency [BNPB] has warned more rains and flooding could hit the disaster areas over the next few days.

Meanwhile, the casualties and the number of people made homeless by the extreme climatic events continue to rise.

Related Links

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Tens of Thousands Displaced in Indonesia Floods, Landslides

Posted by feww on January 19, 2014

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENTS
CLIMATE-RELATED DISASTERS
.

Widespread flooding and landslides have left dozens killed, and tens of thousands displaced in Indonesia

Dozens of people were killed and at least 40,000 others made homeless by severe flash flooding and landslides in eastern Indonesia’s North Sulawesi province, according to reports.

Indonesian Army, the Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) and other organizations have been mobilized to evacuate victims after floods and landslides hit North Sulawesi, affecting multiple districts in several regencies, reported Jakarta post.

Flooding in Jakarta

Meanwhile, widespread flooding triggered by extreme rain events  in the Indonesian capital Jakarta has left at least 7 people dead and more than 11,000 homeless, the national disaster agency told Xinhua. Authorities expect more rains worsening the flood situation over the next few days.

Dozens of locations buried under up to 80cm of floodwater since Wednesday , most of which were located in West Jakarta, according to  BPBD.

“Jakarta witnessed one of its most devastating disasters when substantial flooding inundated 70 percent of the capital’s land mass in 2007, causing 57 deaths and displacing 450,000,” said a report.

jakarta flooding -xinhua
Severe flooding triggered by extreme rain events  has inundated the Indonesian capital Jakarta, leaving at least 7 people dead and more than 11,000 displaced, the national disaster agency told Xinhua. Authorities expect more rains worsening the flood situation over the next few days.(Xinhua/Agung Kuncahya B.) More images…

Posted in Climate Change, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mass Evacuations as Sinabung Erupts Again

Posted by feww on January 8, 2014

Mount Sinabung Continues to Eject Volcanic Materials into the Air

Some 22,000 people living near Sinabung volcano have been evacuated Since Monday after the volcano erupted in North Sumatra, Indonesia.

The volcano is spewing columns of ash and smoke up to 4.5km above the summit crater, authorities said.

sinabung 7jan14
About 22,000 people have been evacuated near Mt Sinabung as the volcano continues to erupt. Mount Sinabung has been ejecting columns of ash and smoke up to 4.5km above the summit crater since Saturday. More than 60 pyroclastic flows extending up to 5 km from the crater have also been recorded. Photo credit: Agung Kuncahya B./Xinhua.  More images…

“The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) has instructed all relevant ministries, government institutions, local disaster mitigation agencies and the Karo regency administration in North Sumatra to prepare for a worst-case scenario following an increase in Mount Sinabung’s volcanic activity during the past week,” said a report.

The “worst-case scenario” comes into if the exclusion zone is extended from its latest 7km radius, southeast slope of the volcano, to between 7.5 and 10 km from the crater.

More than 60 pyroclastic flows extending up to 5 km from the crater have been recorded with the flow volume increasing every day, said The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB).

The volume of volcanic material ejected so far is about a quarter of the total 2,540,000 cubic meters formed in Mt. Sinabung’s crater. “This means that the pyroclastic potential stored in the volcano’s lava dome is still substantial; so if it should all come out, the threat would be devastating,” Jakarta post quoted an official as saying.


Approximate location of Sinabung is marked  on the map by FEWW.
Mount Sinabung is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes

Sinabung Volcano: Summary of Details

Country: Indonesia
Region: Sumatra
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown [1600?]
Summit Elevation: 2,460
m
Latitude: 3.17°N
Longitude: 98.392°E
Source: GVP

Sinabung is located in Group K Volcanoes


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

The PVMBG categorizes Sinabung as a type A volcano, or those that have erupted since 1600. Type B volcanoes have not erupted since 1600 but show signs of activity, and type C are those that have not erupted in recorded history.

Indonesian Volcanoes

Indonesian Volcanoes have been responsible for a number of cataclysmic explosions in modern history.

Karakatoa
An 1888 lithograph of the 1883 violent explosion of Krakatau.

Based on their models, our colleagues at EDRO forecast that volcanic activity on the island of Sumatra could cause the collapse of Singapore. However, they have not disclosed any further detail.

Chronology of Recent Eruptions

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, Significant Event Imagery, significant events, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic event, volcanism, volcanism report, volcano alert | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Rainstorms Battering Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Southern Italy

Posted by feww on December 3, 2013

EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS

Extreme Rain Events trigger severe flooding, landslides in Indonesia

A landslide triggered by flooding in North Sumatra, Indonesia, has left at least a dozen people dead and many injured, officials said.

a low-pressure zone residing over southern Thailand and northern Malaysia has dumped more than 300mm of rain in some areas, causing flash flooding.

Thailand

Several southern provinces in Thailand have been ravaged by heavy rains and flash floods since Sunday. Many residents have been evacuated.

Malaysia

In Malaysia, torrential rains since Sunday have caused floods in the oil palm growing states of Johor and Pahang, forcing about a thousand evacuations so far, Reuters reported local media as saying.

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s Department of Meteorology has issued a severe weather warning, as high winds and heavy rains batter the island country.

“The atmospheric disturbance has intensified into a low pressure area and is located very close to the East coast of Sri-Lanka. Under it’s influence, Showery and windy weather is expected over the country and the suburb sea area.

“Very heavy rain falls (more than 150mm) are also likely at some places.”

Extreme Rain Events Battering Southern and Central Italy

Storms and flooding in central and southern Italy have killed at least two people and forced thousands of evacuations since Sunday.

A train jumped tracks near the town of Cervaro in Italy’s central Lazio region, critically injuring several people.

Other affected regions included Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, and Pescara, reported ANSA.

A migrant boat was reportedly adrift in rough seas off the Calabrian coast with more than 140 people aboard.

Related Links

Posted in global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mass Evacuation Ordered as Mt SINABUNG Put on Red Alert

Posted by feww on November 24, 2013

18,000 people evacuated as Sinabung activity intensifies

Mt Sinabung’s latest explosive eruption has prompted the authorities to raise the volcanic alert to the highest level, “siaga,” or “red alert,” according to Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center.

The alert level was raised from “orange” or “level III ” to the highest level “red” or “level IV” by PVMBG on Sunday, as the authorities evacuated an additional  11,618 residents from 19 villages and expanded the evacuation zone to a 5-km exclusion  zone from 3 km previously.

“This is Sinabung’s highest level of activity. The intensity of the eruptions continues to increase,” said Hendrasto, head of PVMBG.

sinabung erupting 24nov2013
Villagers evacuate to a safe area, as Mount Sinabung ejects ash into air at Aman Teran village in Karo district, Indonesia’s North Sumatra province, November 24, 2013. Credit: Reuters/YT Haryono. More images…

As of 2 p.m. local time on Sunday, Sinabung was continuing to eject an 8-km high column of smoke and ash into the air, he said.

Some 6,000 villagers had already been evacuated from the 3-km exclusion zone, about 90 km from Medan, capital of North Sumatra province.

The North Sumatra health has distributed 180,000 face masks, medicine and 4 tons of baby formula to relief posts in Karo regency, reported Jakarta Post.

mt sinabung
Mt Sinabung erupted explosively again on November 12, 2013 for a second time in 9 days. Image credit: CRIonLine via Xinhua. More images…


Approximate location of Sinabung is marked  on the map by FEWW.
Mount Sinabung is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes

Sinabung Volcano: Summary of Details

Country: Indonesia
Region: Sumatra
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown [1600?]
Summit Elevation: 2,460
m
Latitude: 3.17°N
Longitude: 98.392°E
Source: GVP

Sinabung is located in Group K Volcanoes


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

The PVMBG categorizes Sinabung as a type A volcano, or those that have erupted since 1600. Type B volcanoes have not erupted since 1600 but show signs of activity, and type C are those that have not erupted in recorded history.


Mount Sinabung ejected tephra into the air as seen from Tanah Karo, North Sumatra, Indonesia, Friday, Sept. 3, 2010. (AP Photo/Dedy Zulkifli). Image may be subject to copyright.

Indonesian Volcanoes

Indonesian Volcanoes have been responsible for a number of cataclysmic explosions in modern history.

Karakatoa
An 1888 lithograph of the 1883 violent explosion of Krakatau.

Based on their models, our colleagues at EDRO forecast that the collapse of Singapore may occur as a result of volcanic activity on the island of Sumatra. However, they have not disclosed any further detail.

Chronology of Recent Eruptions

Posted in Significant Event Imagery, significant events, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard, volcanism, volcano, volcano alert, Volcano News | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Global Disasters/ Significant Events – September 29, 2013

Posted by feww on September 29, 2013

Deep Freeze Ends Growing Season in Nevada Counties

The growing season has ended for White Pine, Southern Lander and Southern Eureka counties, said NWS.

Temperatures dipped into the 20s across the majority of Southern Lander/Eureka and White Pine counties on Friday, killing most tender vegetation in these areas.

Light freezes have also occurred in other forecast zones including Northern Lander, Northern Eureka, Southeastern Elko and northern Nye counties. Growing season in isolated areas in these counties may have also ended.

-oOo-

Dozens drown as Nigeria boat sinks

At least 48 people drowned and more that 100 others are reported missing after a boat sank on the River Niger in central Nigeria late Friday, according to local reports.

The boat may have been overloaded, carrying more that two and a half times the number of passengers allowed, reports said.

-oOo-

Dozens Still missing after refugee boat sinks

“More than 30 people were still missing two days after a boat carrying asylum seekers to Australia sank off the Indonesian coast, killing 22 people including seven children,” Indonesian security officials said.

-oOo-

Dozens killed in Mumbai building collapse

Death toll reached 60 on Sunday in the collapsed apartment building in India’s financial capital of Mumbai, officials said. Some 33 others were rescued from the building’s wreckage.

The five-story building, which collapsed on Friday, was the third deadly cave-in of a Mumbai structure in six months, said a report.

“In April, at least 72 people died when an illegally constructed building fell. Two months later, a three-story structure collapsed, killing at least 10 people, including five children.”

-oOo-

Giant Hornets Kill Dozens in China

Attacks by swarms of giant hornets in Shaanxi province, central China, has left at least 28 people dead and up to a thousand others injured, many of them seriously, according to reports.

Terrorized victims have described being chased by large swarms of hornets for hundreds of yards and stung as many as 200 times over several minutes.

The insects have a highly toxic sting that can lead to anaphylactic shock and kidney failure, according to experts.

It’s believed that the swarms are populated mainly by the Asian giant hornet or Vespa mandarinia, which grows up to 50mm (2 ins.) long with a 6mm sting.

Experts have previously suggested that warmer temperatures in the region may be responsible for hornets breeding more successfully.

-oOo-

Wisconsin Gov Signs Emergency Declaration for Buckling I-43 bridge\

Leo Frigo Memorial Bridge - J-Matthews
A span on the Leo Frigo Memorial Bridge in Green Bay shows signs of buckling Wednesday in this view looking west. Gov. Scott Walker signed an emergency declaration Friday that makes federal funds available for repairs. Photo credit: Jim Matthews/ jsonline.com

-oOo-

German Town Evacuated after Gas Explosion

The entire town of Hartenhausen (population: ~ 3,000) near Ludwigshafen  in central Germany was evacuated on Saturday after a major gas explosion injured 16 firefighters and shattered windows. The blast was so powerful it could be heard up to 30 kilometers away, AP reported.

-oOo-

50 Nigerian students killed in armed attack

At least 50 Nigerian students have been killed in an armed attack, AP reported. The attack occurred at an agricultural college in northeast Nigeria’s Yobe State.  Gunmen broke into the college dorm at night and shot students as they slept. The authorities have blamed the Boko Haram ["Western education is forbidden”] group.

-oOo-

Bomb blasts kill 39 in Peshawar, NW Pakistan

Two bomb explosions in the northwestern Pakistan city of Peshawar killed 36 people and wounded more than 100 on Sunday, authorities said.

The victims included 12 members of a family who were shopping at the blast sites, according to local officials.
The powerful blasts destroyed about 20 buildings and many vehicles in nearby streets.

The Peshawar twin blasts were the third major terrorist in the city over the past 8 days. A twin suicide bomb attack on a Christian church on September 22 killed more than more than 80 people. On Friday September 27, a bomb planted on a bus carrying local government employees exploded killing at least 19 people.

-oOo-

Iraq Violence: Death Toll for September Reaches 1,079

At least 30 more people were killed in Iraq Saturday and Sunday, as of posting, in the cities of Arbil, Baghdad, Baiji, Basra, Falluja Mosul, Mussayab, Muqdadiya and Tikrit by bombs, AEDs, IEDs and gunfire, raising the death toll for September to 1,079 so far.

Death toll for 2013 has exceeded 6,000 and is expected to climb higher.

Continued…

Posted in Climate Change, disaster areas, disaster calendar, disaster diary, disaster watch, disaster watch 2013, disaster zone, disasters, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013 | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Global Disasters/ Significant Events – 29 April 2013

Posted by feww on April 29, 2013

Devastating Floods in Kentucky Wash Out Bridges, Destroy Infrastructure

Two weeks of severe flooding in eastern and southeastern Kentucky have devastated the region. Many bridges are washed out and dozens of roads and culverts in the region are severely damaged prompting Gov. Beshear to declare a state of emergency for 12 counties on Friday.

  • The 12 counties covered by the declaration are Bell, Clay, Crittenden, Harlan, Jackson, Knox, Laurel, Lee, Leslie, Owsley, Rockcastle and Whitley, said a report.

0O0

North Dakota and Minnesota

Flood Threat increases for Red and Souris Rivers in North Dakota and Minnesota: River levels on the Souris and Red Rivers in North Dakota are rising as warmer temperatures allow the snowpack to begin a more aggressive thaw. Stream and river rises will continue, along with an increased risk of overland flooding. Flood Watches and Flood Warnings are now in effect in northern North Dakota and Minnesota. —NWS

0O0

Flash floods injure 10, force about 1,000 to flee their homes in North Sumatra, Indonesia

The Aek Mata and Aek Ranto rivers in North Sumatra, Indonesia overflowed on Sunday following an extreme rain event, injuring at least 10 people, 6 of them severely, and forcing about 1,000 people to flee their homes.

  • Scores of houses were swept away by the floods, according to a report.

0O0

Bangladesh: Death toll from Dhaka building collapse nears 400

At least 385 people are now confirmed dead following Rana Plaza building collapse in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Reuters reported.

  • Hundreds of other mostly female garment workers remain unaccounted for.
  • The Bangladeshi garment industry employs up to 4 million people, most of them female, some of whom earn just over $1 a day.
  • About 60 percent of Bangladesh’s low-cost garment exports go to Europe,  23 percent to the U.S., and 5 percent to Canada.

0O0

Famine in Somalia killed 260,000 people in 2011

The 2011 famine in Somalia killed an estimated 260,000 people, half of them aged 5 and under, according to a new report, which is being made public on Thursday by FEWSNET, a Western official briefed on the report told AP.

  • The report more than doubles previous death toll estimates by the U.K. government which said between 50,000 and 100,000 people had died in the famine.

.

DISASTER CALENDARApril 29, 2013  
SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN:
1,048 Days Left 

Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,048 Days Left to ‘Worst Day’ in the brief Human  History
  • The countdown began on May 15, 2011 …

GLOBAL WARNINGS

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in environment, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Thousands of Homes Flooded in N. Sumatra

Posted by feww on November 5, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,223 Days Left 

[November 5, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,223 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History
  • Symbolic countdown to the ‘worst day’ in human history began on May 15, 2011 ...

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events

N. Sumatra homes buried under three meters of water

Thousands of homes in two of Indonesia’s North Sumatra and Aceh provinces have been flooded following days of torrential rains in the region.

  • In North Sumatra widespread flooding was reported in three districts, Deli Serdang, Serdang Bedagai and Mandailing Natal Deli, while in Aceh Bireun district was inundated, said a report.
  • “In Serdang district, the banks of Batu Ginging, Kuala Namu and Ular rivers burst, inundating some 1,200 houses with floodwaters up to three meters deep.”

Posted in global delta flooding, global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012 | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Strong Quake Strikes N Coast of Papua, Indonesia

Posted by feww on June 26, 2011

Magnitude 6.4 EQ Strikes 172 km N of Enarotali, Papua, Indonesia

Three major earthquakes have struck the region within 330km radius of the epicenter since 1914, including the largest two in the last 40 years (8.1Mw on 10 Jan 1979, and 8.2Mw on 17 Feb 1996).

10-degree Map Centered at 0°N,135°E

EQ Location Map. Source: USGS-EHP. Map enhanced by FIRE-EARTH.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.4Mw
  • Date-Time:
    • Sunday, June 26, 2011 at 12:16:41 UTC
    • Sunday, June 26, 2011 at 09:16:41 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 2.389°S, 136.648°E
  • Depth: 36.1 km (22.4 miles)
  • Region: NEAR THE NORTH COAST OF PAPUA, INDONESIA
  • Distances: 172 km (106 miles) N of Enarotali, Papua, Indonesia
    • 331 km (205 miles) ESE of Manokwari, Papua, Indonesia
    • 1,286 km (799 miles) NNE of DARWIN, Northern Territory, Australia
    • 3,336 km (2072 miles) E of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia
  • Location Uncertainty:
    • horizontal +/- 14.6 km (9.1 miles);
    • depth +/- 12.2 km (7.6 miles)
  • Source:USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID: usc0004gyw

Historic Seismicity [Mag ≥ 7.0 since 1900]


Source: USGS-EHP

Related Links

Posted in earthquakes 2011 | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Collapse Headlines – 15 July 2010

Posted by feww on July 15, 2010

Indian Ocean sea level rise threatens millions in coastal areas

Millions are at risk along low-lying coastlines in Bangladesh, Indonesia and Sri Lanka as sea levels continue rising unevenly in the Indian Ocean: Study


Original Caption:  The Indian Ocean/West Pacific Warm Pool extends almost half way around the globe, stretching along the equator south of India, through the waters off Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and New Guinea, and into the central Pacific Ocean. The waters of the Warm Pool are warmer than any other open ocean on Earth. Because these waters are hot enough to drive heat and moisture high into the atmosphere, the warm pool has a large effect on the climate of surrounding lands. In fact, the slow fluctuations of size and intensity of the warm pool may be linked with the intensity of El Niño.

UCAR Caption: A new study in Nature Geoscience finds that Indian Ocean sea levels are rising unevenly and threatening residents in some densely populated coastal areas, particularly those along the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Java. This image shows the key player in the process, the Indo-Pacific warm pool, in bright orange. This enormous, bathtub-shaped area spans a region of the tropical oceans from the east coast of Africa to the International Date Line in the Pacific. The warm pool has heated by about 1 degree Fahrenheit, or 0.5 degrees Celsius, in the past 50 years, primarily because of human-generated emissions of greenhouses gases. (Image source:  NASA Earth Observatory.)

“Our new results show that human-caused atmosphericoceanic circulation changes over the Indian Ocean, which have not been studied previously, contribute to the regional variability of sea-level change,” say the researchers.

“Sea level rise is particularly high along the coastlines of the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, and Java, the authors found. The rise—which may aggravate monsoon flooding in Bangladesh and India—could have future impacts on both regional and global climate.”

“The key player in the process is the Indo-Pacific warm pool, an enormous, bathtub-shaped area spanning a region of the tropical oceans from the east coast of Africa to the International Date Line in the Pacific. The warm pool has heated by about 1 degree Fahrenheit, or 0.5 degrees Celsius, in the past 50 years, primarily because of human-generated emissions of greenhouses gases.”

“Our results from this study imply that if future anthropogenic warming effects in the Indo-Pacific warm pool dominate natural variability, mid-ocean islands such as the Mascarenhas Archipelago, coasts of Indonesia, Sumatra, and the north Indian Ocean may experience significantly more sea level rise than the global average,” says the lead author.

World’s mangroves retreating at alarming rate: study

The world’s mangroves are being destroyed about 4 times faster than other forests, a new study reports.

“The ‘World Mangrove Atlas’ report noted that mangrove forests provide huge economic services, acting as nurseries for sea fish, storing carbon and providing robust defenses against floods and cyclones at a time of rising sea levels.” A report said.


A bird is seen in a swamp at Hithadoo at Addu Atoll December 9, 2009.  Credit: Reuters/Reinhard Krause. Image may be subject to copyright.

“The greatest drivers for mangrove forest loss are direct conversion to aquaculture, agriculture and urban land uses. Coastal zones are often densely populated and pressure for land intense. Where mangroves remain, they have often been degraded through overharvesting,” the study says.

Pollution Speeds Up Snow Melt in Europe, Asia

Springtime warming and snow melt are  occurring at a faster rate in Eurasia than in North America since 1980, a report said.

“Climate scientist Mark Flanner, an assistant professor at the University of Michigan and a recent Advanced Study Program graduate at the National Science Foundation’s National Center for Atmospheric Research, led a study that investigated these changes, ultimately finding that warming rates and snow cover decline in Eurasia may be twice what they are in North America.”

Related Links:

Posted in cliamte change, Geoscience, Indian Ocean, sea level rise, West Pacific Warm Pool | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Magnitude 7.0ML Quake Strikes Obira Indonesia

Posted by feww on March 14, 2010

Powerful Quake measuring 7.0 ML Strikes off the Coast of Obira, Indonesia.

An earthquake measuring  7.0 ML (Richter Scale) struck off the coast of Obira Island, Obi Islands (Kepulauan Obi) a group of islands in the Indonesian province of Maluku.


ShakeMap of Obira.
Source: USGS

The offshore quake occurred at a depth of 56 km on March 14, 2010 at 07:57 am local time (00:57UTC) with the epicenter located at 1.58S  128.20E, about 227 km North of Ambon, Indonesia.

Indonesia’s Meteorology and Geophysics Agency reported.  There were no tsunami warning and, as of posting, no casualties or damage were reported.

Related Links:

Posted in earthquake, Indonesia earthquake, Kepulauan Obi, KEPULAUAN OBI quake, Maluku quake | Tagged: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

El Niño Update [30 Nov 2009]

Posted by feww on December 1, 2009

ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

The following UPDATE is prepared by

Climate Prediction Center / NCEP –  30 November 2009

The latest weekly SST departures are:

  • Niño 4   ~  1.6ºC
  • Niño 3.4  ~  1.7ºC
  • Niño 3 ~ 1.3ºC
  • Niño 1+2 ~ 0.2ºC


El Niño Map. [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

SST Departures (°C) in the Tropical Pacific During the Last 4 Weeks
During the last 4-weeks, SSTs were at least 1.0°C above average across much of the equatorial Pacific and more than 2.0°C above average between 180°and 130°W.

[SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

Global SST Departures (°C)
During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average across the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Also, above-average SSTs covered large areas of the Northern Hemisphere subtropics.


[SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

Weekly SST Departures (°C) for the Last Four Weeks

  • During the last four weeks, positive SST anomalies persisted across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean.
  • During the last 30 days, equatorial SST anomalies increased in some parts across the eastern Pacific.

|

Tropical OLR and Wind Anomalies During the Last 30 Days

TOP: Positive OLR anomalies (suppressed convection and precipitation, red shading) were present over Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. Negative OLR anomalies (enhanced convection and precipitation, blue shading) were located over the western tropical Pacific Ocean just southeast of Papua New Guinea.
Middle: Low-level (850-hPa) westerly anomalies remained over the east-central equatorial Pacific.
Above: Upper-level (200-hPa) easterly anomalies were observed across the eastern equatorial Pacific. An anticycloniccouplet was evident in the subtropics of both hemispheres, which is consistent with El Niño.

Atmospheric Circulation over the North Pacific & North America During the Last 60 Days
During October, a nearly zonal pattern of below-average heights over the mid-latitudes was observed with an anomalous ridge over Alaska and the higher latitudes. This pattern contributed to below-average temperatures across Canada and much of the U.S. During November, the anomalous zonal pattern of below-average heights at mid-latitudes had been replaced by strong anomalous ridges across the N. Pacific and much of N. America with below-average heights across Alaska. This pattern has led to above-average temperatures across much of Canada and the United Statesand below-average temperatures in Alaska.

Intraseasonal Variability

  • Intraseasonal variability in the atmosphere (wind and pressure), which is often related to the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), can significantly impact surface and subsurface conditions across the Pacific Ocean.
  • Related to this activity
    • Significant weakening of the low-level easterly winds usually initiates an eastward-propagating oceanic Kelvin wave.
    • Several Kelvin waves have occurred during the last year (see next slide).

Summary

  • El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
  • Sea surface temperatures (SST) are at least 1.0ºC-2.0ºC above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.
  • Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to last through at least the Northern Hemisphere winter2009-10.

Information and images on this page are sourced from Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NOAA. Edited by FEWW

Related Links:

El Niño Updates:

    Posted in Climate Prediction, El Niño, ENSO, Pacific SST Outlook, Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

    El Niño Update [23 Nov 2009]

    Posted by feww on November 24, 2009

    ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    The following UPDATE is prepared by

    Climate Prediction Center / NCEP –  23 November 2009

    The latest weekly SST departures are:

    • Niño 4   ~  1.5ºC
    • Niño 3.4  ~  1.7ºC
    • Niño 3 ~ 1.2ºC
    • Niño 1+2 ~ 0.5ºC


    El Niño Map. [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    SST Departures (°C) in the Tropical Pacific During the Last 4 Weeks
    During the last 4-weeks, SSTs were at least 1.0°C above average across much of the equatorial Pacific and more than 2.0°C above average between 180°and 140°W. [Expanding across the Tropical Pacific. FEWW ]


    [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    Global SST Departures (°C)
    During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average across the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Also, above-average SSTs covered large areas of the Northern Hemisphere subtropics.


    [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    Weekly SST Departures (°C) for the Last Four Weeks

    • During the last four weeks, positive equatorial SST anomalies persisted across the central and eastern Pacific Ocean.
    • During the last 30 days, equatorial SST anomalies increased in some regions across the eastern half of the Pacific.

    Upper-Ocean Conditions in the Eq. Pacific

    • The basin-wide equatorial upper ocean (0-300 m) heat content is greatestprior to and during the early stages of a Pacific warm (El Niño) episode (compare top 2 panels) and leastprior to and during the early stages of a cold(La Niña) episode.
    • The slope of the oceanic thermocline is least (greatest) during warm (cold) episodes.
    • Recent values of the upper-ocean heat anomalies (positive) and the thermocline slope index (negative) reflect El Niño.

    Sub-Surface Temperature Departures (°C) in the Equatorial Pacific

    • During late September –mid November 2009, temperature anomalies at thermocline depth increased and expanded eastward across the central and east-central equatorial Pacific, in response to the downwelling phase of an oceanic Kelvin wave.
    • The most recent period shows a continued eastward expansion of positive anomalies in the equatorial Pacific near 50 -150m depth.

    Tropical OLR and Wind Anomalies During the Last 30 Days

    Atmospheric Circulation over the North Pacific & North America During the Last 60 Day

    Click image to enlarge.

    Intraseasonal Variability

    • Intraseasonal variability in the atmosphere (wind and pressure), which is often related to the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), can significantly impact surface and subsurface conditions across the Pacific Ocean.
    • Related to this activity
      • significant weakening of the low-level easterly winds usually initiates an eastward-propagating oceanic Kelvin wave.
      • Several Kelvin waves have occurred during the last year (see next slide).

    Summary

    • El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
    • Sea surface temperatures (SST) are at least 1.0ºC-2.0ºC above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to continue to strengthen and last through at least the Northern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.

    Information and images on this page are sourced from Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NOAA. Edited by FEWW

    Related Links:

    El Niño Updates:

    Posted in Climate Prediction, El Niño, El Niño latest news, El Niño update, El Niño weekly report, ENSO | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    El Niño Update [16 Nov 2009]

    Posted by feww on November 17, 2009

    ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    The following UPDATE is prepared by

    Climate Prediction Center / NCEP –  16 November 2009

    The latest weekly SST departures are:

    • Niño 4   ~  1.5ºC
    • Niño 3.4  ~  1.7ºC
    • Niño 3 ~ 1.2ºC
    • Niño 1+2 ~ 0.5ºC


    El Niño Map. [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    SST Departures (°C) in the Tropical Pacific During the Last 4
    During the last 4-weeks, SSTs were at least 1.0°C above average across much of the equatorial Pacific and more than 2.0°C above average between 175°E and 140°W.

    Global SST Departures (°C)
    During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Also, above-average SSTs covered large areas of the Northern Hemisphere subtropics.

    Weekly SST Departures (°C) for the Last Four Weeks

    • During the last four weeks, equatorial SST anomalies strengthened across the central and eastern Pacific Ocean.
    • During the last 30 days, equatorial SST anomalies increased across much of the central and eastern Pacific.

    Central & Eastern Pacific Upper-Ocean (0-300 m) Weekly Heat Content Anomalies
    Since April 2009, the upper-ocean heat content has been above average across
    the eastern half of the equatorial Pacific Ocean. The heat content was previously below-average from mid-August 2008 through March 2009, with a minimum reached in late December 2008.

    Sub-Surface Temperature Departures (°C) in the Equatorial Pacific

    • During late September – early November 2009, temperature anomalies at thermocline depth increased and expanded eastward across the central and east-central equatorial Pacific, in response to the downwelling phase of an oceanic Kelvin wave.
    • The most recent period (below) shows a continued eastward expansion of positive anomalies in the equatorial Pacific near 50 – 150m depth.

    Tropical OLR and Wind Anomalies During the Last 30 Days

    • Positive OLR anomalies (suppressed convection and precipitation, red shading) were present over Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. Negative OLR anomalies (enhanced convection and precipitation, blue shading) were located over the western tropical Pacific Ocean just southeast of Papua New Guinea.
    • Low-level (850-hPa) westerly anomalies were observed over the east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Upper-level (200-hPa) easterly anomalies were observed across most of the equatorial Pacific. Anomalous anticyclones were evident in the subtropics of both hemispheres, which is consistent with El Niño.

    Atmospheric Circulation over the North Pacific & North America During the Last 60 Days
    From mid-September through October, anomalous troughing was prevalent over the North Pacific Ocean. During October, the pattern of below-average heights became more zonal over the mid-latitudes and an anomalous ridge developed over the higher latitudes. This pattern contributed to below-average temperatures across Canada and much of the U.S. Since early November, the anomalous zonal pattern of below-average heights at mid-latitudes has been replaced by anomalous ridges with below-average heights across the northernmost latitudes. This pattern has led to above-average temperatures across much of Canada and the United States.

    Summary

    • El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
    • Sea surface temperatures (SST) were at least 1.0ºC above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to continue to strengthen and last through at least the Northern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.

    Information and images on this page are sourced from Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NOAA. Edited by FEWW

    Related Links:

    El Niño Updates:

    Posted in Climate Prediction, El Niño, El Niño weekly report, ENSO, Ocean SST | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

    El Niño Update [10 Nov 2009]

    Posted by feww on November 11, 2009

    ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    The following UPDATE is prepared by

    Climate Prediction Center / NCEP –  9 November 2009

    The latest weekly SST departures are:

    • Niño 4   ~  1.6ºC
    • Niño 3.4  ~  1.7ºC
    • Niño 3 ~ 1.3ºC
    • Niño 1+2 ~ 0.4ºC


    El Niño Map. [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    SST Departures (°C) in the Tropical Pacific During the Last 4 Weeks
    During the last 4-weeks, SSTs were at least 1.0°C above average across much of the equatorial Pacific and more than 2.0°C above average between 175°E and 160°W.

    Global SST Departures (°C)
    During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Also, above-average SSTs covered large areas of the Northern Hemisphere subtropics.

    Weekly SST Departures (°C) for the Last Four Weeks

    • During the last four weeks, equatorial SST anomalies strengthened across the central and eastern Pacific Ocean.
    • During the last 30 days, equatorial SST anomalies increased in much of the central and eastern Pacific.

    Tropical OLR and Wind Anomalies During the Last 30 Days

    • Positive OLR anomalies (suppressed convection and precipitation, red shading) were present over Indonesia, Malaysia, and Australia. Negative OLR anomalies (enhanced convection and precipitation, blue shading) were located across the northern Philippines and over the western tropical Pacific Ocean.
    • Low-level (850-hPa) westerly anomalies were observed over parts of the western and east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Upper-level (200-hPa) easterly anomalies were observed across most of the equatorial Pacific. Anomalous anticyclones were evident in the subtropics of both hemispheres, which is consistent with El Niño.

    Sub-Surface Temperature Departures (°C) in the Equatorial Pacific

    • During mid September –October 2009, temperature anomalies increased and expanded eastward in the central equatorial Pacific at thermoclinedepth, due to the downwelling phase of a Kelvin wave.
    • The most recent period (below) shows a continued eastward expansion of positive anomalies in the central Pacific near 100-150m depth.

    Atmospheric Circulation over the North Pacific & North America During the Last 60 Days
    In late September and early October, an anomalous ridge developed over the Gulf of Alaska, with a downstream trough and below-average temperatures over parts of the U.S. During mid October, the pattern became more zonal with an anomalous trough evident over the mid-latitudes and an anomalous ridge over the higher latitudes. This pattern contributed to below-average temperatures across Canada and the eastern half of the U.S. Recently, anomalous ridges emerged over the eastern North Pacific and eastern U.S. leading to above-average temperatures over the western and eastern U.S.

    Low-level (850-hPa) Zonal (east-west) Wind Anomalies (m s-1)

    • Since April 2009, the MJO has been weak.
    • Since May 2009, westerly wind anomalies have covered large portions of the equatorial Pacific, except near the Date Line.
    • Recently, the largest westerly wind anomalies have been observed across the eastern Pacific Ocean.

    Information and images on this page are sourced from Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NOAA. Edited by FEWW

    Summary

    • El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
    • Sea surface temperatures (SST) were at least 1.0ºC above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to continue to strengthen and last through at least theNorthern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.

    Related Links:

    El Niño Updates:

    Posted in Climate Prediction, El Niño, El Niño weekly report, ENSO, Ocean SST | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    El Niño Update [2 Nov 2009]

    Posted by feww on November 3, 2009

    ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    The following UPDATE is prepared by

    Climate Prediction Center / NCEP –  2 November 2009

    The latest weekly SST departures are:

    • Niño 4   ~  1.6ºC
    • Niño 3.4  ~  1.5ºC
    • Niño 3 ~ 1.2ºC
    • Niño 1+2 ~ 0.4ºC


    El Niño Map. [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    SST Departures (°C) in the Tropical Pacific During the Last 4 Weeks
    During the last 4-weeks, equatorial SSTs were at least 1.0°C above average between 165°E and 140°W and in small areas in the eastern Pacific.

    Global SST Departures (°C)
    During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Also, above-average SSTs covered large areas of the Northern Hemisphere subtropics.

    Weekly SST Departures (°C) for the Last Four Weeks

    • During the last four weeks, equatorial SST anomalies strengthened across the central and eastern Pacific Ocean.
    • During the last 30 days, equatorial SST anomalies increased in much of the central and eastern Pacific.

    SST Tep Dept Eq Pacific

    Tropical OLR and Wind Anomalies During the Last 30 Days

    • Positive OLR anomalies (suppressed convection and precipitation, red shading) were present over Indonesia, Malaysia, and Australia. Negative OLR anomalies (enhanced convection and precipitation) were located across the northern Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and over the western tropical Pacific Ocean.
    • Low-level (850-hPa) westerly anomalies were observed over parts of the western and central equatorial Pacific.
    • Upper-level (200-hPa) easterly anomalies were observed across most of the equatorial Pacific.

    HC evo eq Pacific

    200-hpa Vel Pot Anom

    Pacific Niño 3.4 SST Outlook

    • Most ENSO models indicate El Niño will continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.
    • The models disagree on the eventual strength of El Niño (SST anomalies ranging from +0.5°C to greater than +2.0°C), but a majority indicate at least a moderate strength El Niño (greater than +1.0°C) during November-December-January 2009-10.

    SST Outlook: NCEP CFS Forecast Issued 1 November  2009
    The CFS ensemble mean predicts El Niño will last at least through Northern Hemisphere spring 2010.

    Summary

    • El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
    • Sea surface temperatures (SST) were at least 1.0ºC above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to strengthen and last at least through Northern Hemisphere spring 2010.

    Information and images on this page are sourced from Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NOAA. Edited by FEWW

    Related Links:

    El Niño Updates:

    Posted in Climate Prediction, El Niño, ENSO, Indian Ocean SST, Ocean SST, Pacific Ocean | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    Australia Blazing Oil Rig May Collapse

    Posted by feww on November 2, 2009

    Would a Responsible Govt Allow Such Ecocide Continue for So Long?

    Australia Oil Rig May Collapse, Fire Out of Control: PTTEP

    On August 23, 2009 FEWW asserted that the Australian Oil Disaster May Get a Lot Worse

    It has, and there’s no sign of abating.

    Oil Rig Fire PTTEP
    West Atlas oil rig and Montara wellhead platform on fire. Photo supplied by PTTEP via abc.net

    Australian government’s silence to the ongoing ecological disaster in Timor Sea has been deafening, their inaction dazzling, their incompetence deplorable and devastating for the region, planet.

    Just over 10 weeks after the leak started on August 21, 2009, the size of the oil slick spewing out of a  ruptured pipe at the West Atlas oil rig, which caught fire on Sunday, had grown to about 30,000 km².


    Based on all the information they have received, FEWW Moderators believe some 29,000 tons of oil and gas condensate have been leaked into Timor Sea so far.

    A laboratory analysis conducted by the Indonesian Environmental Impact Management Agency (NTT Bapedalda) on Oct. 10, 2009 found that the  seawater contained 107.2 milligrams of crude oil per liter.

    “We believe the pollution was caused by an oil spill from the Montara oil field in the Timor Sea,” the head of NTT Bapedalda, Alexander Oematan, told reporters in the provincial capital of Kupang on Wednesday.

    ECOCIDE SHOULD BE A CAPITAL CRIME DESERVING CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

    n18mer124_DDC - lg
    More than 10 weeks after a blowout at a newly dug oil well, crude oil and gas condensate continued to leak into the Timor Sea, between northwest Australia and Indonesia. This image from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite shows the Timor Sea on October 28, 2009.
    NASA image courtesy the MODIS Rapid Response Team. Caption by Rebecca Lindsey, NASA’s Earth Observatory. Edited by FEWW.

    Related Links:

    Related Media Links:

    Recent Oil Spills:

    Posted in australia oil slick, ecological disaster, Montara oil field, Montara wellhead platform, PTTEP Australasia, Timor Sea, West Atlas drilling rig | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

    El Niño Update [28 Oct 2009]

    Posted by feww on October 28, 2009

    ENSO Cycle: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    The following UPDATE is prepared by

    Climate Prediction Center / NCEP –  26  October 2009

    The latest weekly SST departures are:

    • Niño 4   ~  1.4ºC
    • Niño 3.4  ~  1.1ºC
    • Niño 3 ~ 0.8ºC
    • Niño 1+2 ~ 0.1ºC


    El Niño Map. [SOURCE: NOAA/ Climate Prediction Center / NCEP]

    SST Departures (°C) in the Tropical Pacific During the Last 4 Weeks
    During the last 4-weeks, equatorial SSTs were at least 1.0°C above average between 165°E and 140°W and in small areas in the eastern Pacific.

    Global SST Departures (°C)
    During the last four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Also, above-average SSTs covered large areas of the Northern Hemisphere subtropics.

    Weekly SST Departures (°C) for the Last Four Weeks

    • During the last four weeks, equatorial SST anomalies strengthened across the central Pacific Ocean.
    • During the last 30 days, equatorial SST anomalies increased over the central Pacific.

    SSTD EP 26-10-09

    Tropical OLR and Wind Anomalies During the Last 30 Days

    • Positive OLR anomalies (suppressed convection and precipitation, red shading) were present over Indonesia, Malaysia, and Australia. Negative OLR anomalies (enhanced convection and precipitation, blue shading) were located across the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and in the western tropical Pacific Ocean.
    • Low-level (850-hPa) equatorial winds were near-average over the central and eastern Pacific. Westerly anomalies were observed in the western Pacific.
    • Upper-level (200-hPa) easterly anomalies were observed across most of the equatorial Pacific.

    200-hpa Vel Pot Anom

    Pacific Niño 3.4 SST Outlook

    • Most ENSO models indicate El Niño will continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.
    • The models disagree on the eventual strength of El Niño (SST anomalies ranging from +0.5°C to greater than +2.0°C), but a majority indicate at least a moderate strength El Niño (greater than +1.0°C) during during November-December-January 2009-10. Figure provided by the International Research Institute (IRI) for Climate and Society (updated 15 Oct 2009).

    SST Outlook: NCEP CFS Forecast Issued 18 October 2009
    The CFS ensemble mean predicts El Niño will last through Northern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.

    Summary

    • El Niño is present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
    • Sea surface temperatures (SST) were at least 1.0ºC above-average across much of the central and east-central equatorial Pacific.
    • Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to strengthen and last through Northern Hemisphere winter 2009-10.

    Information and images on this page are sourced from Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NOAA.

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    El Niño Updates:

    Posted in El Niño, ENSO, Gulf of Alaska, Indian Ocean, North Pacific Ocean, Ocean SST, Pacific Ocean, positive OLR, Positive SST, suppressed convection and precipitation, wind anomaly | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    Mw 7.2 quake, aftershocks rock Indonesian island

    Posted by feww on February 13, 2009

    Magnitude 7.2 quake followed by dozens of strong aftershocks rattle the Indonesian island of Kepulauan Talaud

    indonesia-quakes-feb-11-09

    Earthquake Details

    Magnitude: 7.2
    Date-Time: Thursday, February 12, 2009 at 01:34:50 AM at epicenter
    Location:  3.902°N, 126.400°E
    Depth:  20 km (12.4 miles) set by location program
    Region:  KEPULAUAN TALAUD, INDONESIA
    Distances:

    • 280 km (175 miles) SSE of General Santos, Mindanao, Philippines
    • 320 km (195 miles) NNE of Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia
    • 1320 km (820 miles) SSE of MANILA, Philippines
    • 2445 km (1520 miles) ENE of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia

    Location Uncertainty:  horizontal +/- 6.3 km (3.9 miles); depth fixed by location program
    Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
    USGS Event ID:  us2009cybb

    Tectonic Summary [USGS]

    The recent earthquake near Kepulauan Talaud, Indonesia of February 11, 2009 likely occurred as a result of reverse faulting on or near the plate-boundary system separating the Philippine Sea and Celebes Sea basins. Northeastern Indonesia is characterized by complex tectonics in which motions of numerous small plates are accommodating large-scale convergence between the Philippine Sea and Sunda plates. In the region of today’s earthquake, the Philippine Sea plate moves west-northwest with respect to the Sunda plate at a velocity of about 62 mm/year. Locally, arc-arc collision is occurring between the Sangihe and Halmahera micro plates, wedging between them the Molucca Sea micro plate, which subducts beneath both (i.e. to the east and west) and forms an inverted-U-shaped seismic zone. Seismicity within the Molucca Sea plate is active to depths of approximately 260 km to the east and 400 km to the west. The tectonic setting of this region is unique in that it is the only global example of an active arc-arc collision consuming an oceanic basin via subduction in two directions.

    “The earthquake occurred approximately 30 km off the western coast of the Pulau Salebabu (Indonesia) in an area that has seen large earthquakes in the past. Since 1986, there have been two earthquakes with magnitude greater than 7 in this region.

    Indonesia

    Indonesia consists of more than 17,500 islands scattered over both sides of the equator, about 6,000 of which are inhabited.The five largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (the Indonesian side of Borneo), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea) and Sulawesi.

    Indonesian islands sit on the edges of the Australian, Eurasian and Pacific tectonic plates and are therefore subject to frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Indonesia is home to about 160 active volcanoes.

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    Posted in Halmahera micro plate, Molucca Sea plate, Philippine Sea, Seismicity, Sunda plate | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

     
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