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Archive for May 25th, 2009

North Korea Nuclear Test Causes 4.7 Mw Quake

Posted by feww on May 25, 2009

North Korea Nuclear Test Causes magnitude 4.7 Earthquake

FEWW can confirm with 0.95 certainty that the magnitude 4.7 North Korea earthquake that occurred near Chongjin  earlier today was caused by an underground nuclear test.

Based on FEWW estimates, the NK nuclear test had a blast yield of about 12 kilotons (TNT equivalent), or 50TJ  (50 x 10¹²J), almost similar to the first US atom bomb detonated above Hiroshima.

Earthquake Details
Magnitude: 4.7

Date-Time: Monday, May 25, 2009 at 00:54:43 UTC

Location:  41.331°N, 129.011°E
Depth: 0 km (~0 mile) set by location program [occurred at a shallow depth]

  • 75 km (45 miles) NNW of Kimchaek, North Korea
  • 95 km (60 miles) SW of Chongjin, North Korea
  • 180 km (110 miles) SSW of Yanji, Jilin, China
  • 380 km (235 miles) NE of PYONGYANG, North Korea

Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 5.3 km (3.3 miles); depth fixed by location program
Parameters: NST= 76, Nph= 76, Dmin=474.4 km, Rmss=0.8 sec, Gp= 68°,  M-type=body wave magnitude (Mb), Version=8
Event ID: us2009hbaf

Seismic Hazard Map [USGS]

NK SHM USGS us2009hbaf

Tectonic Summary: USGS says it cannot cannot confirm that the recent event was a nuclear test, however it says the quake was shallow and located in the vicinity of the October 2006 North Korean nuclear test.

Note: A magnitude 4.3 quake, which occurred in N. Korea on October 09, 2006  at 01:35:28 UTC, as recorded by USGS,  was centerd at 41.29°N, 129.09°E at a depth of 0km .

How did the energy yield compare with other nuclear detonations/ earthquakes?

1.  Hiroshima atom bomb had an energy  yield of about 63TJ, or 15 kilotons (TNT equivalent). [Note: Estimates vary between 12-18 kilotons.]

2. Fat Man, the atomic bomb detonated over Nagasaki, yielded about 88TJ of energy, the equivalent of 21 kilotons of TNT.

3. Sichuan earthquake, China, 2008, which left up to 90,000 people dead, was a magnitude 7.9 Mw, which released about 3.3 EJ of energy (3.3 exajoules), or the TNT equivalent of 0.71 gigaton. [ Note: Various sources reported quake magnitude at 7.8 to 8.0 Mw.]

4. Sumatra Earthquake, which caused the deadly 2004 tsunami, was a magnitude 9.2 earthquake with an estimated yield of about 91 billion tons (91 gigatons of TNT). [Note: The Sumatra earthquake has been reported at different magnitudes of 9.1 – 9.3 Mw.

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Posted in A-Bomb Quake, hiroshima bomb, North Korea A-bomb, Nuclear test, underground nuclear test | Tagged: , , , , | 10 Comments »

Earthquake Forecast: Southern Italy, Sicily

Posted by feww on May 25, 2009

An earthquake cluster could hit Italy anytime!

FEWW forecasts an earthquake cluster to strike the toe of Italy at Eastern Calabria also covering Eastern Catania and Messina in Sicily, anytime.

FEWW “EarthModel” calculates the largest shock at 6.4 Mw, with the event probability of 0.8.

Further, the model shows renewed volcanic activity at Mt Etna.

For previous forecasts see:

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Posted in Augusta, Montebello Ionico, Randazzo, samo, San Lorenzo | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »