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Archive for October 4th, 2009

Strong Earthquake Strikes Taiwan

Posted by feww on October 4, 2009

Strong Earthquake Measuring up to 6.4Mw Strikes East Coast of Taiwan

Strong earthquake measuring up to 6.4 Mw struck off the east coast of Taiwan at a depth of 17.5 km on Saturday, October 03, 2009 at 17:36 UTC.

As the quake occurred, Typhoon Parma was reported heading towards the southeastern coast of Taiwan still reeling from the aftermath of typhoon Morakot that  struck the island in August, killing more than 1000 people.

10-degree Map Centered at 25°N,120°E

Taiwan 4-10-09
Earthquake Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

USGS/EHP has downgraded this quake to a magnitude 6.1 shock.

Earthquake Details:

  • Magnitude: 6.1 [possibly measuring up to 6.4Mw – Moderator]
  • Date-Time:
    • Saturday, October 03, 2009 at 17:36:05 UTC
    • Sunday, October 04, 2009 at 01:36:05 AM at epicenter
  • Location 23.635°N, 121.565°E
  • Depth 17.5 km (10.9 miles)
  • Region TAIWAN
  • Distances
    • 35 km (25 miles) S of Hua-lien, Taiwan
    • 110 km (65 miles) ESE of T’ai-chung, Taiwan
    • 110 km (70 miles) NNE of T’ai-tung, Taiwan
    • 160 km (100 miles) S of T’AI-PEI, Taiwan
  • Location Uncertainty:  horizontal +/- 5.7 km (3.5 miles); depth +/- 5 km (3.1 miles)
  • Parameters NST= 97, Nph= 97, Dmin=38.4 km, Rmss=1.06 sec, Gp= 22°, M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=6
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID: us2009mhcf

Related Links:

Posted in Climate Change, human enhanced catastrophes, T'ai-tung quake, T'AI-PEI, Typhoon Morakot | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Strong Earthquake Strikes Mindanao, Philippines

Posted by feww on October 4, 2009

Strong  quake measuring possibly as large as 6.9 strikes Mindanao, Philippines

Strong earthquake measuring as large as 6.9 Mw struck the seabed in Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippine, at a depth of about 630km, on Sunday, October 04, 2009 at 10:58 UTC.

On September 18, 2009, after a 5.5 Mw quakes struck south of Mindanao, FEWW forecast additional, more powerful earthquakes for the region.

See: Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 5.5 + for FEWW Forecast.

10-degree Map Centered at 5°N,125°E

mindano oct 4-2009
Earthquake Location Map.
Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

USGS/EHP reported the quake as measuring 6.6Mw.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude:  6.6 [Possibly as large as 6.9Mw – Moderator]
  • Date-Time:
    • Sunday, October 04, 2009 at 10:58:01 UTC
    • Sunday, October 04, 2009 at 06:58:01 PM at epicenter
  • Location:  6.721°N, 123.480°E
  • Depth:  630.5 km (391.8 miles)
  • Region: MORO GULF, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
  • Distances:
    • 100 km (65 miles) WSW of Cotabato, Mindanao, Philippines
    • 125 km (75 miles) S of Pagadian, Mindanao, Philippines
    • 155 km (95 miles) E of Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines
    • 915 km (570 miles) SSE of MANILA, Philippines
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 5.3 km (3.3 miles); depth +/- 7.4 km (4.6 miles)
  • Parameters: NST=124, Nph=124, Dmin=235.2 km, Rmss=0.89 sec, Gp= 32°, M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=7
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID: us2009mia8

This event has been reviewed by a seismologist, USGS/EHP said.

Related Links:

Recent Human Enhanced Disasters Asia-Pacific

See also:

Posted in earthquake forecast, Earthquakes, feww earthquake forecast, Moro Gulf quake, Pagadian earthquake, Zamboanga quake | Tagged: , , , , | 19 Comments »

When Will Global Food Shortages Begin Biting

Posted by feww on October 4, 2009

Asia-Pacific Human Enhanced Disasters – UPDATE  #4

Typhoon Parma turned to sea on Sunday, but not before hitting northeastern Philippines, killing five people, and causing extensive damage and flooding.

Parma was the strongest typhoon to hit Philippines since 2006.

ap_philippines_storm Parma
Local residents make their way through floodwaters in Taytay township, Rizal province east of Manila, Philippines, Saturday, Oct. 3, 2009. Powerful winds toppled power poles and trees Saturday in the northern Philippines as the second typhoon in eight days bore down on the country. (Wally Santana/AP Photo). Image may be subject to copyright.

“The destruction in our infrastructure and agriculture is huge. Wide areas are still under water, including rice fields about to be harvested.” Said Alvaro Antonio, the governor of the northern Cagayan province, the worst hit area.

Many areas are inaccessible due to large landslides and there are power outages throughout the region. It’s difficult to assess the full extent of the damage, because the phone lines are down, too, Antonio said.

“Winds are still strong, but no more rains. Our relief works are ongoing,” he said.

Philippines Asia Storm
Buildings are seen under in floodwaters following the passage of Typhoon Parma in Nabua township,  Camarines Sur province, Philippines, Sunday, Oct. 4, 2009. Landslides buried two families in the Philippines as they sheltered in their homes from Asia’s latest deadly typhoon, which killed at least 16 people and left more than a dozen villages flooded Sunday. (AP Phot: Nelson Salting). Image may be subject to copyright.

Nearly 150,000 people on the east coast of Philippines had fled their homes well before typhoon Parma made landfall.

The cost of crop damage in the area is estimated at $2.5 million, mostly in rice and corn fields in Isabela and Cagayan regions.

Officials estimate that the cost of damage from Ketsana last week to rice crops, ready to be harvested, will exceed $120 million, with another $40 million in damages to the infrastructure.


Flood survivors crowd an evacuation centre in the town of San Pedro, Laguna province, south of Manila.  Photo: AFP. Image may be subject to copyright.

The Philippines is the world’s largest rice importer, some 10 percent of its annual needs, and with Ketsana and Parma devastating large areas of ready to harvest crops, it may have to import  more, mostly from Vietnam.

“I am not worried about rice shortage for 2009 because we have enough buffer stock. But, we’re watching the impact for the first and second quarters of 2010,” Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap was reported as saying. “If needed, we will import rice.”

AP Philippines
Flood survivors line up to receive food and drinking water in Manila. Disaster agencies say they are overwhelmed by the scale of disaster. Photo: AP. Image may be subject to copyright.

Storm Ketsana had destroyed about 290,000 tons of rice crops ready to be harvest, according to Yap, about five days worth of consumption nationally; however, the government has about 32 days buffer stock stock until December.

Typhoon Ketsana Pummels Vietnam

Typhoon Ketsana Batters Vietnam 1
Typhoon Ketsana headed west toward Laos on Wednesday after battering central Vietnam. Much of Danang is seen under water on Wednesday. Photo: Reuters.Image may be subject to copyright.

“We are waiting for the water level to subside and determine the extent of the damage on rice farms,” Yap said.

“The Philippines has imported 1.775 million tonnes of milled rice so far this year, of which 1.5 million tonnes was purchased via an intergovernment deal with Vietnam.” Reuters reported.

In August, official in Vietnam said the government may agree to sell an additional 400,000 tons of rice to the Philippines

Prior to the damage caused by Ketsana and Parma, the Philippines government had forecast that the rice harvest for the October-December quarter, the busiest for the country” would reach 6.48 million tons, a 4 percent increase on 2008.

Parama is the latest human enhanced disaster to hit the Asia-Pacific region following Ketsana that killed about 410 in the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.

Ketsana also displaced up to 100,000 people in southern Laos and caused flash floods in northern Thailand.

Samoa Pacific Earthquake
An islander walks in the debris on the south coast of Upolu Island of Samoa, Friday, Oct. 2, 2009. Samoa’s tourism industry said Friday it fears a “second tsunami” of vacation cancellations after deadly earthquake-triggered waves wiped out some of the South Pacific country’s most idyllic white-sand beaches and resorts. (AP Photo/Xinhua, Huang Xingwei). Image may be subject to copyright.

A tsunami swamped parts of the American and Western Samoa islands, killing as many as 170 people, with dozens more unaccounted for.


Rescue workers look for survivors inside the Ambacan Hotel which collapsed in the earthquake hit area of Padang, West Sumatra province October 2, 2009. REUTERS/Nicky Loh. Image may be subject to copyright.

Two powerful earthquakes devastated a 100km stretch of the coastal areas west of the  Indonesian island of Sumatra, with the death toll likely to exceed 4,000 (UN figures).

Related Links:

Posted in Cagayan province, damage to rice fields, death toll from ketsana, Isabela provnice death toll, Laos flooding, Manila flooding, Philippines flooding, Thiland flash floods, Vietnam flooding | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments »