Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Archive for January 3rd, 2010

Extreme Rain Events, Floods, Mudslides 2010

Posted by feww on January 3, 2010

Images of the Day: Brazil Mudslides, Australia Flooding, Florida Drowning …

Death toll from Brazil mudslides rises to 76: Reuters

Massive landslide in Morro da Carioca, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Photo: AP. Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice. More images…

Coonamble, central-western New South Wales, Australia:

  • 1,200 people flee their homes as major flood warning issued
  • The area has now been declared a natural disaster zone.

Hundreds of Coonamble residents are evacuating. (AAP: Brian Harvey). Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.

Flooding in Escambia County, Fl. Credit: NorthEscambiadotcom. Image may be subject to copyright.

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Posted in 2010, flood, human-enhanced disasters, Landslide, mudslide | Tagged: , , , , , , | 8 Comments »

Galeras volcano erupts, 8,000 evacuated

Posted by feww on January 3, 2010

Galeras volcano on  the Colombia border with Ecuador erupted Saturday

The tephra eruption prompted authorities to evacuated the usual 8,000 residents from the hazard zones near the volcano.

Galeras volcano photo taken during an episode of unrest on December 12, 2009. Credit: Ingeominas

Galeras seen in this aerial photo (Undated). Source: Alaska Earthquake Information center. Image may be subject to copyright.

Currently the most active volcano in Colombia, the 4,276-meter-high volcano’s first historical eruption occurred on December 7, 1580. The volcano resumed activity in 1988 after 10 years of dormancy. It erupted in 1993, killing nine people, three tourists and six scientists who had descended into the volcano’s crater to conduct tests.

There were no reported casualties after Saturday eruption.

In June 2009 FEWW forecast that

Galeras could erupt continually throughout 2009  and most of 2010

AND it hasn’t disappointed yet!

Eight of Colombia’s 15 volcanoes have erupted in the last 100 years, and three of them since 1990: Galeras, Nevado del Huila, and Nevado del Ruiz.

An explosive eruption ruptured the summit of Nevado del Ruiz on November 13, 1985, spewing about 20 million cubic meters of volcanic ash and rocks into the air. Forty-meter thick lahars traveling at velocities of up to 50 kilometers per hour destroyed the town of Armero 74 km away from the explosion crater, killing more than 23,000 people. [Source: USGS]

Galeras activity in 2009

  • 14 February 19:11 an eruption spewed ash SO2 and other and volcanic gases. (Red Alert, Level I). [Pasto was covered in ash, 8,000 people evacuated.]
  • 20 February 07:05 spewed ashes. (Red Alert,  Level I).
  • 12 March 19:30, and 13 March 15:55 explosions were recorded (Orange Alert, Level II ).
  • 13 March 15:55, eruption occurred spewing gas and hot ashes at 16:34 further emission was recorded. (Orange Alert, Level II).
  • 24 April 07:32, two explosions were recorded. (Orange Alert, Level II).
  • 29 April monitors recorded increase in seismic activity. (Orange Alert, Level II).
  • 11 May 11:58, tectonic venting. (Orange Alert, Level II).
  • 17 May 21:40, seismic activity recorded. (Orange Alert, Level II).
  • 11 December 2001 Galeras Alert Level Raised to “Orange”

For other episodes see:

For more information see:

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Posted in Colombia volcanoes, Galeras activity, Galeras Erupts, Galeras Volcano, volcano | Tagged: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Mount Nyamulagira Erupting, Again?

Posted by feww on January 3, 2010

Mount Nyamulagira in DR Congo erupted

Lava from Mount Nyamulagira Saturday eruption sent lava into the surrounding Virunga National Park, BBC reported.

Photo released by the Congolese Wildlife Authority, Virunga National Park, shows Nyamulagira erupting early Saturday local time on January 2, 2010.

Mount Nyamuragira, Africa’s most active volcano, is located about 25km (16 miles) north of Goma. A large section of the city of Goma (population of 200,000 plus at least 100,000 war refugees), located in the east of the country was destroyed in 2002 after  Mount Nyiragongo erupted.

Lava spewed along the volcano’s southern flank into Virunga National Park, but avoided the nearby villages. there were no casualties reported. However, about 4 dozen endangered chimpanzees as well as other animals live near the volcano.

One of Virunga’s wardens told reporters: “I saw the mountain was on fire with sparks flying.”

Nyamulagira has erupted about 40 times since the late 19th century.

Following a loud explosion at 03:45 local time (01:45 UTC) Lava from Nyamuragira flowed along the volcano’s southern section incinerating everything on its path. Freeze frame from CCTV. Image may be subject to copyright.

FEWW Comment: If we are looking at a sulfur dioxide dispersal scenario in relation to the Earth’s defense mechanism against Warming, then the latest eruption could have been just an opening salvo in the upcoming eruptions of Nyamulagira and its neighbor Nyiragongo volcano.

Major Volcanoes of the DR Congo

In May 2009 Scientists in the DR Congo recorded a significant increase in volcanic activity around the city of Goma.

A general view of the refugee camp at Kibati at the foot of Nyiragongo volcano in eastern Congo, November 14, 2008.  REUTERS/Finbarr O’Reilly. Image may be subject to copyright.

Volcano: Nyamuragira

Country:  DR Congo
Region: Central Africa
Volcano Type: Shield volcano
Last Known Eruption: 2006
Summit Elevation: 3058 m  (10,033 feet)
Latitude: 1.408°S   (1°24′30″S)
Longitude: 29.20°E  (29°12′0″E)
Source: Global Volcanism Program (GVP)

Lava fountains from the new cone of Mikombe on the lower NE flank of Zaire’s Nyamuragira volcano feed the lava flow in the foreground. This photo was taken from the SE on September 29, nine days after the start of the eruption. During the first week the new cone, whose name means “many bats,” grew to a height of 60-70 m. Lava flows had traveled 6-7 km NE by the time of this photo. The eruption continued until February 1993, by which time lava flows had traveled 19 km to the NE. Photo by Minoru Kasahara, 1991 (Hokkaido University). Caption GVP.

Depiction of the Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira volcanoes, based on data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission and Landsat. Vertical scale exaggerated (1.5x).  Image ID: PIA03337.  Date: February 2000 – December 2001. Image:Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira – PIA03337.png (high resolution) . NASA/JPL/NIMA

Depiction of the Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira volcanoes, based on data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer, or Aster, and Landsat. Some lava flows (not all) from the 2002-01-17 eruption are shown in red. Date: February 2000 – January 2002. Image ID: PIA03339.  NASA/JPL/NIMA

The summit of Nyamuragira volcano is truncated by 2 x 2.3 km wide caldera whose floor is partially covered by unvegetated historical lava flows. This view from above the SW caldera rim shows a pit crater on the far side of the caldera at the upper left that was the site of a lava lake, active since at least 1921, which drained in 1938 at the time of a major flank eruption. Africa’s most active volcano, 3058-m-high Nyamuragira rises about 25 km north of Lake Kivu in the East African Rift Valley NW of Nyiragongo volcano.  Photo by Simon Carn, 2004 (TOMS Volcanic Emissions Group, University of Maryland, Baltimore County). CAption: GVP.

From: Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program Website, 2002

Africa’s most active volcano, Nyamuragira is a massive basaltic shield volcano that rises north of Lake Kivu across a broad valley northwest of Nyiragongo volcano. The volcano has a volume of 500 cubic kilometers and extensive lava flows from Nyamuragira cover 1500 square kilometers of the East African Rift. The 3058-meter-high summit is truncated by a small 2 x 2.3 kilometer summit caldera that has walls up to about 100 meters high. Historical eruptions have occurred within the summit caldera, frequently modifying the morphology of the caldera floor, as well as from the numerous fissures and cinder cones on the volcano’s flanks. A lava lake in the summit crater, active since at least 1921, drained in 1938. Twentieth-century lava flows extend down the flanks more than 30 km from the summit, reaching as far as Lake Kivu.

SO2 emissions from Mount Nyamulagira’s previous eruption on November 27, 2006

The Ozone Monitoring Instrument on NASA’s Aura satellite tracked the emission of SO2 gas from the volcano between November 28 and December 4, 2006. The sulfur dioxide concentrations are shown here using a logarithmic color scale. (The value at the top of the scale is about 149 times greater than the value at the bottom.) Credit: NASA.

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Posted in Africa volcano, DR Congo, Nyamuragira, Virunga National Park, volcano | Tagged: , , , , | 5 Comments »

Mt Mayon Menacingly Mute – Update [3 January 2010]

Posted by feww on January 3, 2010

Will Mayon Erupt Again Soon?

Which scenario will Mayon adopt: Chaitén, Kilauea, Galeras, or one with an entirely different pattern?

What seems highly probable—judging by a number of factors including increased tempo and rhythm of volcanism globally—is that Mayon won’t be in repose for very long.

Mayon activity highlights during  the past 24 hours:

  • Volcano hazard alert down to level 3
  • 9 volcanic earthquakes detected
  • 30 rockfall events
  • No steam emissions
  • Summit crater covered by heavy clouds for most of the 24-hr observation period.
  • Faint glow at the crater occurred
  • Sulfur Dioxide emission rate reported at an average rate of 2,094 tons per day

Mayon Volcano Bulletin 21 released by PHIVOLCS on 3 January 2010

Mayon Volcano’s (13.2576 N, 123.6856 E) seismic monitoring network  detected 9 volcanic earthquakes and 30 rockfall events related to the detachment of lava fragments at the volcano’s upper slopes during the past 24- hour observation period. Steaming activity was not observed due to thick clouds that covered the summit crater. Pale crater glow was observed last night. Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) emission rate was measured yesterday  morning at an average value of 2,094 tonnes/day.

Alert Level 3 is in effect over Mayon, which means that the 6-km radius Permanent Danger Zone around the volcano and the 7-km Extended Danger Zone on the southeast flank of the volcano should be free from human activity because of sudden explosions that may generate hazardous volcanic flows. People residing close to these danger areas are also advised to observe precautions associated with post-eruption activity, such as rockfalls, pyroclastic flows, and ash fallout which can also occur anytime due to instabilities of lava deposited on steep slopes. Active river channels and those perennially identified as lahar prone in the southern sector should also be avoided especially during bad weather conditions or when there is heavy and prolonged rainfall. Civil aviation authorities must advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano’s summit as ejected ash and volcanic fragments from sudden explosions may pose hazards to aircrafts. PHIVOLCS-DOST is closely monitoring Mayon Volcano’s activity and any new significant development will be immediately posted to all concerned.

For previous entries, additional information, photos and links to Mayon Volcano see links below:

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Posted in Mayon activity, Mayon alert level, Mayon SO2, Mayon Volcano, Mt Mayon | Tagged: , , , , , | 2 Comments »