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Archive for April 23rd, 2015

FIRE-EARTH Volcanism Index (FEVIX)

Posted by feww on April 23, 2015

CJ Members

FEWW Volcanism Update

A request has been made by several Members for the latest   update of FIRE-EARTH Volcanism Index (FEVIX).

For an update, please see FIRE-EARTH Bulletin issued at 16:35UTC today (April 23, 2015) .

The latest global volcanism is as follows:

  • Calbuco Volcano, Chile, 41.013°S, 72.002°W, April 21, 2015
  • Chikurachki,  Paramushir Island (Russia), 50.324°N, 155.461°E, April 18
  • Raung, Eastern Java, 8.125°S, 114.042°E, April 8
  • Sinabung,  Indonesia, 3.17°N, 98.392°E
  • Tongariro,  North Island (NZ), 39.157°S, 175.632°E, March 28
  • Tungurahua, Ecuador, 1.467°S, 78.442°W,  April 15-21
  • Ubinas, Peru, 16.355°S, 70.903°W, April 15-17
  • Villarrica, Chile, 39.42°S, 71.93°W, 8-14 April

Ongoing Activity
Aira, Kyushu (Japan)
Chirinkotan, Kuril Islands (Russia)
Chirpoi, Kuril Islands
Colima, Mexico
Dukono, Halmahera (Indonesia)
Fuego, Guatemala
Karymsky Eastern Kamchatka (Russia)
Kilauea, Hawaiian Islands
Klyuchevskoy, Central Kamchatka
Popocatepetl, Mexico
Reventador, Ecuador
Sheveluch, Central Kamchatka
Shishaldin, Fox Islands (USA)
Tengger Caldera, Eastern Java
Turrialba, Costa Rica

Useful Links

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Crop Disasters Declared in AZ, ID, NV, OR, UT

Posted by feww on April 23, 2015

Drought destroys more crops in Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon and Utah

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated 37 additional counties across five states—Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon and Utah—as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the drought.

The drought disaster designations are for the following areas:

  • Arizona. Mohave County
  • Idaho. Adams and Washington counties
  • Nevada. Clark, Humboldt, Lincoln, Nye Washoe and White Pine counties.
  • Oregon. Baker, Crook, Deschutes, Grant, Harney, Jefferson, Klamath, Lake, Lane, Linn, Malheur, Union, Wallowa and Wheeler counties.
  • Utah. Box, Carbon, Davis, Duchesne, Elder, Juab, Morgan Salt Lake, Summit, Tooele (multiple designations), Sanpete, Utah, and Wasatch counties.

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least an 1,098 counties across 20  states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia and West Virginia.

Majority of the 2015 crop disaster designations so far are due to drought.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on April 22, 2015 and posted on their website as three separate declarations.

Related Links

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Calbuco Volcano Finally Erupts

Posted by feww on April 23, 2015

Thousands evacuated as Calbuco volcano explodes

Located in southern Chile, about 1,000km  south of the capital, Santiago, the extremely explosive andesite  volcano finally erupted, sending a massive column of ash, smoke and lava up to 20km into the atmosphere.

Chile’s ONEMI emergency office declared a red alert and evacuated more than 4,000 people within a 20km (12 mile) radius of the 2,015-meter high volcano.

Residents of the nearby town of Ensenada and two other communities have been ordered to abandon their homes.

Calbuco’s last major eruption occurred in 1961.

Villarrica volcano, also in southern Chile, erupted in March.

ONEMI has posted the following update (Spanish) on its website:

Related Links

Latest Significant Seismic Activity in the PRF:

Magnitude: 6.3Mw
Location: 12.025°S, 166.424°E depth=72.0 km (44.7 mi)
Time: 2015-04-22 22:57:15 (UTC)

  • 158km SSE of Lata, Solomon
  • 396km (246mi) NNW of Luganville, Vanuatu

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