Air Pollution Kills 5.5 Million People Each Year
Posted by feww on February 13, 2016
Air pollution 4th greatest killer
More than 5.5 million people died prematurely due to air pollution in 2o13, the latest year for which data is available, according to data compiled as part of the Global Burden of Disease Project.
Air pollution is the fourth greatest cause of death globally after high blood pressure, nutrition conditions and smoking, says Global Burden of Disease Project.
Air pollution killed about 1.6 million people in China, and 1.3 million in India in 2013, said a report quoting the researchers.
The 10 leading causes of death in the world, 2000 and 2012 [WHO]
Ischaemic heart disease, stroke, lower respiratory infections and chronic obstructive lung disease have remained the top major killers during the past decade.
HIV deaths decreased slightly from 1.7 million (3.2%) deaths in 2000 to 1.5 million (2.7%) deaths in 2012. Diarrhoea is no longer among the 5 leading causes of death, but is still among the top 10, killing 1.5 million people in 2012.
Chronic diseases cause increasing numbers of deaths worldwide. Lung cancers (along with trachea and bronchus cancers) caused 1.6 million (2.9%) deaths in 2012, up from 1.2 million (2.2%) deaths in 2000. Similarly, diabetes caused 1.5 million (2.7%) deaths in 2012, up from 1.0 million (2.0%) deaths in 2000.
Major causes of death 
In 2012, an estimated 56 million people died worldwide, according to WHO. [In July 2012, world population grew to 7.06 billion. —PRB]
- Cardiovascular diseases were the number 1 cause of death globally, killing 17.5 million people in 2012. Of these, 7.4 million people died of ischaemic heart disease and 6.7 million from stroke.
- Noncommunicable diseases were responsible for 68% of all deaths globally in 2012, up from 60% in 2000. The 4 main NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic lung diseases.
- Communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutrition conditions collectively caused 23% of global deaths, and injuries killed 9%.
- More than 6.6 million children died before reaching their fifth birthday.
Population Clock 2015 [PRB]
- World Population: 7,336,435,000
- Birth/yr: 145,973,000
- Death/yr: 57,052,000
- Natural increase/yr: 88,921,000 [Same as the combined pop. of Turkey and UAE]
- Infant deaths/yr: 5,351,000