Drought and Saltwater Intrusion Devastate Crops in Vietnam
Posted by feww on March 16, 2016
Severe drought plagues Vietnam
Severe drought has impacted all provinces in the Mekong Delta, Southern Central and Central highland regions since the end of 2015.
- 39 of Vietnam’s 63 provinces have requested support from central government to cope with the most severe drought in 90 years.
- 10 provinces have declared drought emergencies.
Disasters caused by drought and saltwater intrusion include:
- Paddy Rice damaged: 159,000 ha (393,000 acres)
- An additional 500,000 ha of paddy rice is likely to be damaged by mid 2016
- No. of people lacking water for daily consumption: 976,000
- Provinces in states of emergency: 10
- Total affected provinces: 39 [total of 63 provinces]
Since the end of 2015, water levels in the lower Mekong River have been at their lowest since records began about 100 years ago. It is estimated that levels of water shortage in the rivers of the Mekong Delta range from 30 – 50%.
Salt water intrusion in the Mekong Delta extends 20 – 25km further inland than seasonal averages.
Saltwater intrusion now stretches 90 – 93km inland in the Vam Co River; 45 – 65km in the Tien River and 55 – 60km in the Hau River. Saltwater intrusion began two months earlier than average, causing severe damage to crops and livelihoods.
[Excerpts from an internal report by the UNDRMT for the period Oct 2015 to March 2016.]