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Archive for August 16th, 2017

FIRE-EARTH Alert: IBFN

Posted by feww on August 16, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: IBFN

[Issued by FIRE-EARTH Science Team.]

  • ALERT details available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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Types of Fungal Diseases –CDC

Posted by feww on August 16, 2017

Hormones, medicines, and changes in the immune system encourage fungal growth and cause infection

About 1.5 million different species of fungi are found on Earth, with 300 of those known to cause infections and sicken people. Fungi live outdoors in soil and on plants and trees as well as on many indoor surfaces and on human skin.

 Aspergillosis

 Microscopy of Aspergillus Fumigatus
Caused by the fungus Aspergillus and usually occurs in people with lung diseases or weakened immune systems.

Candidiasis

 Photomicrograph of the fungus Candida albicans
Caused by the yeast Candida. Candidiasis can occur in the mouth and throat, vagina, or the bloodstream.

Types of Candidiasis

Global Emergence of Candida auris

Candida auris is an emerging fungus that presents a serious global health threat. Healthcare facilities in several countries have reported that C. auris has caused severe illness in hospitalized patients. C. auris is often resistant to multiple antifungal drugs.

C. neoformans infection

 A photomicrograph of Cryptococcus neoformans using a light India ink staining preparation.
Caused by Cryptococcus neoformans, which can infect the brain (meningitis) in people with HIV/AIDS.

Fungal eye infections

 Photomicrograph showing conidiophores and conidia of the fungus Fusarium verticillioides
Different types of fungi can cause eye infections. These are rare but can develop after an eye injury.

Mucormycosis

 Microscopy of Apophysomyces, one of the causative agents of mucormycosis.
A rare infection that mainly affects people with weakened immune systems.

Ringworm

 Photomicrograph of the dermatophyte Trichophyton mentagrophytes
A common fungal skin infection that often looks like a circular rash.

Blastomycosis

 Histopathology showing a yeast cell of Blastomyces dermatitidis
Caused by the fungus Blastomyces, which lives in moist soil in parts of the United States and Canada.

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)

 Arthroconidia of Coccidioides immitis
Caused by Coccidioides, a fungus that lives in the southwestern United States and parts of Mexico and Central and South America.

C. gattii infection

 A photomicrograph of Cryptococcus
Caused by the fungus Cryptococcus gattii, which lives in soil in tropical and sub-tropical areas, the United States Pacific Northwest, and British Columbia.

Histoplasmosis

 A photomicrograph of Histoplasma capsulatum isolated from a soil sample.
Caused by the fungus Histoplasma, which lives in the environment, often in association with large amounts of bird or bat droppings.

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)

 Histopathology showing Pneumocystis cysts in the lung of a patient with AIDS
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a serious infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. Most people who get PCP have a medical condition that weakens their immune system, like HIV/AIDS, or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness. Image: Pneumocystis jirovecii in the lung of an HIV/AIDS patient.

Sporotrichosis

 Photomicrograph showing Sporothrix schenckii.
Caused by the fungus Sporothrix, which lives throughout the world in soil and on plants.

Other pathogenic fungi

 Photomicrograph of Exserohilum rostratum
Exserohilum and Cladosporium are two examples of environmental molds.

Source: CDC

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