Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Archive for the ‘storms’ Category

Deadly IRENE Spawns Tornadoes, Pummels East Coast

Posted by feww on August 27, 2011

Tornadoes in Virginia, Maryland and Delaware destroy/damage homes

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Disaster Calendar 2011 – August 27 Entry

[August 27, 2011]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,663 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

  • East Coast, USA. Hurricane IRENE has forced millions of Americans into shelters as it continues to barrel along the Atlantic Coast, shutting down New York. 
    • IRENE made its first landfall in North Carolina.
    • IRENE has spawned tornadoes in three states, destroying or damaging at least a dozen homes.
    • “Extremely dangerous” storm surges are expected to raise water levels by up to 12 feet.
    • The hurricane has forced the authorities to place up to 7.5 million people under evacuation orders along the East Coast.
    • At least 6 deaths have so far been attributed to Irene.
    • Up to 1.5 million people were left without power in North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland and Delaware, and wider disruptions were expected.
    • The governors in seven states of North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York and Connecticut have already declared states of emergency.
    • North Carolina Governor Perdue expects “a major hit” to tobacco crops, livestock and poultry, reports said.
    • Atlantic City was turned into a ghost city as more than a million tourist evacuated the casino city.
    • Some 100,000 National Guard troops are on standby.
    • Thousands of flights have been cancelled.
  • Philippines. Typhoon NAMNADOL [locally known as MINA] has made landfall in Cagayan province, causing widespread flooding and  triggering landslides, affecting thousands of people and leaving at least 6 people dead, reports said.
  • Pakistan. Heavy monsoon rains and flooding have affected at least 2 million people in Sindh and eastern Punjab provinces, Pakistan.
    • Hundreds of villages  have been wiped out, displacing about 100,000 people.
    • Flash floods have killed at least 33 people and left more than 63 others missing, a report said.

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TS Phet May Be Headed Toward India

Posted by feww on June 6, 2010

Latest Satellite Images of TC Phet (03A)

Tropical Cyclone Phet Details

  • Estimated Position at 5:00UTC on June 6, 2010 :   23.1N, 65.4E
  • Location: About 255km SW of Karachi, Pakistan
  • Maximum Wind Speed: ~ 80km/hr
  • Max. Wind Gusts: ~ 100km/hr
  • Movement and speed: 100 degrees; ~ 30km/hr
  • Comments: Phet has re-strengthened to a tropical storm and could, potentially, strengthen further before next landfall.


Tropical Cyclone Phet and its Projected Path. IR Image (NHC Enhancement – 2-km res)
. Source: CIMSS – Click images to enlarge.


Tropical Cyclone Phet
t – Total Precipitable Water. Source: CIMSS – Click images to enlarge.

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Posted in cyclone phet path, Phet Projected Path, storms, tropical cyclone, Tropical cyclone Phet | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Earthquakes: Worst Disaster Type in Past Decade

Posted by feww on January 29, 2010

Earthquakes caused the deadliest disasters in 2000-09 decade: UNISDR

In its recent News Brief, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Secretariat (UNISDR) reported that about 60 per cent of the people killed by disasters in the past decade died as a result of earthquakes.


List of Top 10 Natural disasters by number of deaths – 2009. Source: UNISDR. Click image to enlarge.

“Earthquakes are the deadliest natural hazard of the past ten years and remain a serious threat for millions of people worldwide as eight out of the ten most populous cities in the world are on earthquake fault-lines,” said Margareta Wahlström, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction.

“Disaster risk reduction is an indispensable investment for each earthquake-prone city and each community. Seismic risk is a permanent risk and cannot be ignored. Earthquakes can happen anywhere at any time. Risk reduction will be a main priority in the Haiti reconstruction process, and we will be working with our partners to ensure that it is central in the reconstruction.”

The Center for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) has released the following statistics covering the past 10 years:

Number of disasters for 2000-20009 period: 3,852 disasters

  • Death toll from the disasters: 780,000 people
  • Total number of people affected by the disasters: about a thirs of the planet’s population (more than two billion people)
  • Cost of the damage caused by the disasters: About 1 trillion (US$960 billion).

The worst hit continent in terms of human losses:  Asia, accounting for 85 per cent of all fatalities.

Disaster Types

  • The worst category: Earthquakes, accounting for 60 percent of the fatalities
  • Second Worst Disaster Category:  Storms, accounting for 22 percent of the deaths.
  • Third deadliest: Extremes of Temperature, accounting for 11  percent of the casualties.

The deadliest disasters of the 2000-2009 decade:

  • Indian Ocean Tsunami:   Struck several countries in Asia (2004),  leaving 226,408 dead
  • Cyclone Nargis: Struck  Myanmar (2008), killing 138,366 people
  • Sichuan earthquake:  China (2008) killed at least 87,476 people
  • Pakistan (2005) earthquake: Killed 73,338 people w
  • Heat waves in Europe (2003): Killed 72,210


Human impact by disaster types. Source: UNISDR. Click image to enlarge.

“The number of catastrophic events has more than doubled since the 1980-1989 decade. In contrast, the numbers of affected people have increased at a slower rate. This may be due to better community preparedness and prevention,” said Professor Guha-Sapir, Director of CRED.

Of the more than two billion affected people

  • 44 per cent were affected by floods
  • 30 per cent by droughts
  • ONLY 4 per cent by earthquakes

The  death toll for the last 3 decades (annual average)

  • 2000 decade: 78,000 people per year(ppy)
  • 1990s decade: 43,000 ppy
  • 1980s decade: 75,000  (worsened by two major droughts and famines in Ethiopia and Sudan)

Natural Hazard Events (annual average) and Estimated Economic  Damage

  • 2000 decade: 385  at a cost of US$96 billion
  • 1990 decade: 285  at a cost of US$99 billion
  • 1980 decade: 165  at a cost of US$39 billion


Percentage of people killed by natural disasters by region. Source: UNISDR. Click image to enlarge.

In 2009, some 10,416 people were killed in 327 disasters and  a further 113 million others were affected. Cost of the economic damage:  US$34.9 billion. {there were no major disasters). the total number of people killed and affected by disasters was lower than in 2008, as no major disaster occurred.

In contrast, the 2000-2008 annual averages were 85,535 (deaths), 229,792,397 (affected) and US$102.7 billion (economic damages).


Natural disaster occurrence by disaster type. Source: UNISDR. Click image to enlarge.

The worst disaster in 2009

The worst disaster in 2009 (highest death toll) was the 7.6 magnitude earthquake that struck the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, on 30 September, killing at least 1,100 people.  It was followed by typhoons Morakot, Ketsana and Parma and numerous floods that killed many in Asia, which was home to six of the top 10 countries with the highest number of disaster-related deaths.

Most populous cities on EQ fault-lines (A-Z): Delhi, Jakarta, Kolkata Mexico City, Mumbai, New York, Shanghai and Tokyo.

Source: UNISDR; edited by FEWW

Note: IF the numbers of fatalities/casualties in a given disaster are claimed to be larger than a few hundreds, and no video or photographic evidence is presented to support the claim, those figures should be carefully analyzed. Governments and aid organizations invariably exaggerate the casualty figures to maximize the inflow of aid and donations for self-serving purposes and interests other than those of the victims. See footnote at https://feww.wordpress.com/earthquake/haiti-earthquake-disaster/

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Posted in disaster, disaster continent, natural disasters, storms, UNISDR | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Recent Climate-Related Disasters

Posted by feww on November 30, 2009

Philippines:

November 28, 2009 – Tropical depression Urduja

Four people were killed and 13 others injured when tropical depression “Urduja” pummeled several provinces in Mindanao, Philippines according to disaster officials.

Three of the fatalities occurred as a result of landslides triggered by heavy rain and flooding.

“A total of 82,324 families or 404,623 persons were affected in 93 barangays, four cities and 23 municipalities in the provinces of Camiguin, Lanao del Norte and Misamis Oriental in Northern Mindanao and Agusan del Norte and Dinagat Island in Caraga Region,” the NDCC reported.

“At the height of Tropical Depression ‘Urduja,’ 3,293 persons, 110 vehicles and 99 vessels were stranded in various ports in Southern Tagalog, Bicol Region, Eastern Visayas and Northern Mindanao.”

Northeast Monsoons

In the first week of November,  Northeast Monsoons and strong winds affected up to 120,000 people in 165 districts throughout Mindanao, northern and eastern Luzon and other regions in the Philippines.

Argentina, Uruguay:

Severe flooding caused by the “heaviest rains in 50 years” have killed at least 10 people and forced 15,000 people to evacuate in northern parts of Argentina and Uruguay. The fatalities were caused by drowning and mudslides.

The recent heavy rain in the regions follows months of drought in NE Argentina. Extensive deforestation in the country’s northern regions has impacted the regional climate resulting in  extreme of  droughts and deluge.

The land use change, transforming forests  to agricultural land for growing soybeans, has negatively affected the soil’s water-carrying capacity, environmentalists say.

The local weather service has warned that a severe storm front could bring additional heavy rainfall, wind gusts and  hail this week.

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Tropical Cyclone PHYAN (04A) Nears Mumbai

Posted by feww on November 11, 2009

TC PHYAN Could Cause Substantial Damage to Mumbai Area

Tropical Cyclone Phyan crossed India’s west coast north of  Mumbai on Wednesday bringing torrential rains and strong winds to the region. Phyan has weakened due to interaction with land.

phyan
TC Phyan (fallen Cherry). METEOSAT-7 IR Enhancement. Stll image – Dated 11 Nov 2009 at 12:00UTC. Source: UW-CIMSS Click image to enlarge and update.

PHYAN Status

As of November 11, 2009 at 15:00 UTC
Position: near 19.9ºN, 73.7ºE
Location: About 74 km (40nm) ENW of Mumbai
Movement: Phyan has been moving NNE at about 26 km/h for the past 6 hrs
Maximum Intensity: 83 km/h (at 12:25 UTC)
Max significant wave heights: 5 m at 12:00 UTC

Phyan should continue moving in N-N-Easterly direction and is expected to dissipate in the next 12 hours due to land interaction and strong vertical wind shear, JTWC said.

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Could Ida Become a Hurricane?

Posted by feww on November 7, 2009

Ida, Now a Tropical Depression, Could Become a Tropical Storm Soon.

But will it strengthen further to a hurricane-force storm as it enters the warmer waters in the Gulf of Mexico?

FEWW Moderators believe, as of posting, that Ida has a more than 1 in 4 chance  [P≥0.25] of redeveloping into a hurricane-force storm after entering the Gulf of Mexico.

Tropical Depression IDA

ir4-l
GOES Sat Image- Still frame. Click image to enlarge and update.

10:00 PM EST Fri Nov 6 [03:00 UTC Sat Nov 7, 2009]
Location: 16.2°N 84.0°W
Max sustained:  56 km/h (35 mph)
Moving: N (360 degrees) at 11 km/h (7 mph)
Min pressure: 1006 mb

IDA is expected to reach the Yucatan Channel late Sunday EST.

POES Composite – Daily Sea Surface Temps.

ocean temp - s
Click image to enlarge and update.

Cumulative Wind History

023313P_sm
Click image to enlarge and update.

This graphic shows how the size of the storm has changed, and the areas potentially affected so far by sustained winds of tropical storm force (in orange) and hurricane force (in red). The display is based on the wind radii contained in the set of Forecast/Advisories indicated at the top of the figure. Users are reminded that the Forecast/Advisory wind radii represent the maximum possible extent of a given wind speed within particular quadrants around the tropical cyclone. As a result, not all locations falling within the orange or red swaths will have experienced sustained tropical storm or hurricane force winds, respectively. Source: NHC/NOAA

Coastal Watches/Warnings and 5-Day Forecast Cone for Storm Center

023313W_NL_sm
Click image to enlarge and update.

This graphic shows an approximate representation of coastal areas under a hurricane warning (red), hurricane watch (pink), tropical storm warning (blue) and tropical storm watch (yellow). The orange circle indicates the current position of the center of the tropical cyclone. The black line, when selected, and dots show the National Hurricane Center (NHC) forecast track of the center at the times indicated. The dot indicating the forecast center location will be black if the cyclone is forecast to be tropical and will be white with a black outline if the cyclone is forecast to be extratropical. If only an L is displayed, then the system is forecast to be a remnant low. The letter inside the dot indicates the NHC’s forecast intensity for that time. Source: NHC/NOAA

Tropical Storm Force Wind Speed Probabilities – 120 Hours

023313
Click image to enlarge and update.

These graphics show probabilities of sustained (1-minute average) surface wind speeds equal to or exceeding 34 kt…39 mph (tropical storm force). These wind speed probability graphics are based on the official National Hurricane Center (NHC) track, intensity, and wind radii forecasts, and on NHC forecast error statistics for those forecast variables during recent years. Each graphic provides cumulative probabilities that wind speeds of at least 39 mph will occur during cumulative time periods at each specific point on the map. Source: NHC/NOAA

More Images from GOES Floater Imagery
IDA (AL11)

Other Images

Recommended Satellite Imagery (GOES 12 Floater/NOAA/SSD)

Loops/ Satellite Animations (GOES 12; NOAA/SSD)

Posted in Atlantic hurricane season, hurricane-force storm, Hurricanes, storms, Tropical storm | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Bangladesh coastal population threatend by sea level rise

Posted by feww on April 14, 2008

Country in Focus: Bangladesh


Satellite image of Bangladesh (Photo credit NASA)

Geography

  • Land Area: 136,000 km² (US comparative: slightly smaller than Iowa)
    [Global rank by area: 94th]
  • Water 10,325 km²
  • Coastline: 580 km

Elevation extremes

  • Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
  • Highest point: Peak, the Mowdok range, 1052m

Most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal (Source: CIA, The World Factbook)

Land use

  • Arable land: 55.39%
  • Permanent crops: 3.08%
  • Other: 41.53% (2005)

Map of Bangladesh (Source: CIA, The World Factbook)

Population

  • 2007 Estimate: 150,448,340
    [Global Rank by population: 7th]
  • Density: 1106/km²
    [Global Rank by population: 11th]
  • The population of Bangladesh rose from 75 million in 1971, to more than 150 million in 2007.
  • The population is still growing at an annual rate of about 2 percent.

Environmental issues
many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation (Source: CIA, The World Factbook)

  • About 10 million people are threatened by annual floods and storms.
  • About 4,500 people were killed and at least two million were made homeless homeless as a result of two massive floods and a cyclone in 2007.
  • Extreme climate events destroyed about 2 million tonnes of rice, the country’s main staple, in 2007.


Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India (Image: NASA)

Bangladesh is threatened by

  • Climate Change
  • Rising population
  • Shrinking farmland


3/4 of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, under water (2004)
Bangladeshi Children and adults move through flood stricken areas.

[Photo Credit: University of Alabama]

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Posted in climate refugees, food, hunger, rice, soil degradation, soil erosion, storms | Tagged: , , , , , | 2 Comments »