Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Archive for the ‘volcanic activity’ Category

Volcano Erupts in Ogasawara Islands

Posted by feww on November 21, 2013

Warning issued to Pacific shipping after volcano erupts, forming a new Island

Authorities have warned shipping in the Pacific Ocean to maintain vigilance for airborne volcanic material after a volcano erupted near one of the Ogasawara Islands, some 1,000 kilometers south of Tokyo, NHK reported Japan’s Meteorological Agency (JMA) as saying.

Japan Coast Guard has confirmed black smoke spewing out of a new land mass about 500 meters southeast of Nishinoshima island, JMA said

Video footage shows a plume of black and white smoke and steam  rising to a height of more than 600 meters above a new landmass measuring about 200 meters across.

Ogasawara - new island formed from volcanic eruption
Black and white smoke and steam rising to a height of more than 600 meters above a new 200-m long landmass created by volcanic eruption near Nishino shima, Bonin Islands, south of Japan. Screenshot from NHK news video clip.

new volcanic island
Screenshot  from NHK news video clip.

“The agency says multiple clusters of white smoke overhead suggest intermittent explosions,” said the report.

Volcanic activity created a new island which was fused to the uninhabited Nishinoshima between 1973 and 1974, the last time when eruptions occurred near the island.


Location Map of Volcano Islands, Ogasawara Islands, Japan region. Image credit: Lim Tor


Bonin Islands (aka, Ogasawara Group, in Japan).  Click Image to Enlarge.

In 2010, one of the volcanoes in the region erupted, spewing smoke and ash to a height of about about 100 meters above the sea level. The surrounding sea area changed to a greenish-yellow color with nearby areas turning cloudy.

JMA said the volcano, called Fukutokuokanoba, had erupted seven times since 1904, forming ephemeral islands (temporary land masses) on three occasions, all of which later sank below the ocean surface.

The first known ephemeral island called Shin-Iwo-jima (New Sulfur Island) was formed in 1904, and the most recent in 1986.

What the Volcano Islands Look Like


North Iwo Jima Island (Official Japanese name Kita-iōtō, but commonly known as Kita-iōjima, meaning “north sulfur island”) is the northernmost island of the Volcano Islands cluster of the Ogasawara Islands, about 1175 km south of Tokyo. Image Credit: Chisatos

Related Links:

Advertisements

Posted in significant events, volcanic activity, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic eruption, volcanic event, volcanic hazard, volcanism, volcanism report, volcano, volcano alert, volcano eruption, Volcano Hazard, Volcano News | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

A Second Indonesian Volcano Erupts

Posted by feww on November 19, 2013

Mt Merapi eruption follows multiple explosions at Mt Sinabung

“Mount Merapi experienced a phreatic eruption. Its status remains normal due to a lack of activity,” said Yogyakarta’s Geological Disaster Technology Development and Research Agency (BPPTKG).

On November 16, 2013 FIRE-EARTH warned: 22 Indonesian Volcanoes Remain on High Alerts

Mt Merapi was placed on “Yellow Alert,” or “Level II” of the country’s 4-level alert system, on August 3, 2013.

Mt merapi
Latest Image of Mt Merapi. Credit: Badan Geologi.

“On Monday at 4:52 a.m. before the eruption, BPPTKG detected an earthquake in Ciamis, West Java, at a magnitude of 4.7 on the Richter scale. The tectonic quake is believed to have shaken the magma chamber of Mount Merapi causing it to release gas from below,” said BPPTKG spokesperson.

Merapi ejected volcanic materials about 2 kilometers into the air showering a 60-km radius area east of the volcano with ash, said the report.

The authorities have since imposed 1-kilometer exclusion zone around the volcano base.

The phreatic eruption on Monday was similar to one on July 22, said National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) spokesman. “But today’s was more powerful than the July 22 eruption.”

More than 600 families living in Kalitengah Lor, Kalitengah Kidul and Srune hamlets, in Glagaharjo village, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta, have been evacuated.

Hundreds of other villagers living on the western flank of Mount Merapi also fled their homes.

“The volcanic ash also affected residents in nearby towns. In Surakarta, Central Java, residents were shocked by the sight of volcanic ash covering streets, gardens and roofs. The ash rain continued until around 10 a.m. on Monday.” said the report.

“Surowedanan village in Boyolali, located around 17 km from the peak of Mount Merapi, was also covered by volcanic ash. ‘This morning, when I went out of the house at around 5 a.m., I saw ash everywhere,’ said Veronica Maria Sayektiana, of Surowedanan. According to Veronica, residents were wearing masks when they ventured out of their homes as the ash was still falling along with the drizzle.”

Merapi eruptions have killed hundreds of people in the past couple of decades.

Mount Merapi is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia. The 2010 its eruptions killed more than 300 people dead and forced about 400,000 people to evacuate their towns, while a 1930 eruption left at least 1,300 dead.

Mt Sinabung Update

The Indonesian ministry of transportation has diverted all flights to avoid routes near Mt Sinabung, located in Karo District, North Sumatra, which has erupted multiple times since last week.

The authorities say Mt Sinabung eruption on November 12 ejected  volcanic material that covered five districts destroying some 1,893 hectares of citrus plantations in Tanah Karo, which has impacted fruit production, said a report.

The explosive activity follows a series of most recent eruptions exhibited by the 2,460-meter high volcano that began in September 2013, leading to a significant eruption on October 24, which saw the volcano spewing smoke and ash to a height of about 3km above the crater summit, followed by other eruptions, especially the explosive eruption that occurred on Sunday, November 3.

Related Links

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events, volcanic activity, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic ash, volcanic earthquake, volcanic eruption, volcanic eruptions, volcanic event, volcanic unrest, volcanism report | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ETNA Erupts Again, Lighting Up the Sky Over Sicily

Posted by feww on November 18, 2013

Mt ETNA erupted, shooting up towering columns of ash into the air

The eruption from Europe’s most active volcano ejected towering columns of ash and fountains of molten lava over Sicily Saturday night.

Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, is in an almost constant state of activity. The eruption was the 16th paroxysmal explosion at Etna so far this year, forcing officials at Cantania Airport to close airspace above much of Sicily as a precautionary measure.

Mt Etna is the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy, covering an area of about 1,200km², with a basal circumference of 140km.  More than a quarter of Sicily’s live on the slopes of the 3,330-meter volcano.Volcanic activity first occurred at Etna about 500,000 years ago.

A massive lava flow from an eruption in November 1928 destroyed the village of Mascali. Other major 20th-century eruptions occurred in 1949, 1971, 1981, 1983 and 1991–1993.

Posted in Significant Event Imagery, significant events, volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic event, volcanic hazard, volcanism report, volcano, volcano eruption, volcano images, Volcano News, Volcano Watch | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

22 Indonesian Volcanoes Remain on High Alerts

Posted by feww on November 16, 2013

5 Indonesian volcanoes remain on the 2nd highest state of alert, “orange,” 17 others on “yellow”

The alerts follow the latest eruption at Mt Sinabung, which saw the volcano ejecting ash to a height of about 7 km above the summit, forcing the authorities to evacuate about  5,600 people in several villages, according to Indonesia’s Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (PVMBG).

Indonesian authorities have established a 3-km exclusion zone near the volcano following the Tuesday eruption for the second time in 9 days.

PVMBG had issued a “level three,” or “orange alert,” recommending villagers to stay out of the 3-km danger zone on November 3, 2013, followed by a 7-day state of emergency declared by the local authorities.

The explosive activity follows a series of most recent eruptions exhibited by the 2,460-meter high volcano that began in September 2013, leading to a significant eruption on October 24, which saw the volcano spewing smoke and ash to a height of about 3km above the crater summit, followed by other eruptions, especially the explosive eruption that occurred on Sunday, November 3.

Mt Sinabung is one of 130 or so active volcanoes in the Indonesian archipelago, whose 18,307 islands (922 of the islands are permanently inhabited) straddle the Pacific Ring of Fire (PRF).

PRF, aka the circum-Pacific seismic belt, is home to 452 volcanoes, or more than 75% of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes.

About 90% of the global seismicity and 82% of the largest quakes occur along PRF  [FIRE-EARTH data.]

mt sinabung
Mt Sinabung erupted explosively again on November 12, 2013 for a second time in 9 days. Image credit: CRIonLine via Xinhua. More images…

Mount Sinabung -ANTARA
Mount Sinabung spewing volcanic ashes as seen from Simpang Empat Village in Karo, North Sumatera (September 15, 2013). Credit:  ANTARA/Septianda Perdana.

Mt Sinabung erupted in August 2010 after 410 years of dormancy. The eruption claimed a dozen lives and displaced thousands of others. The eruption which occurred on August 29, 2010 was followed by a more powerful explosion the next day, and much stronger blast on September 7, 2010.

Sinabung spewed ash to a height of about 2km in its second eruption in two days on August 30, 2010.


Mount Sinabung volcano spews smoke in Suka Nalu village in the district of Tanah Karo, in Indonesia’s North Sumatra province August 30, 2010. The Indonesian volcano that erupted for the first time in centuries on Sunday spewed fresh plumes of smoke early on Monday morning, causing panic in nearby villages and delaying local flights, officials said on Monday.  Credit: Reuters/Tarmizy Harva. Image may be subject to copyright.  More photos …


Approximate location of Sinabung is marked  on the map by FEWW.
Mount Sinabung is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes

Sinabung Volcano: Summary of Details

Country: Indonesia
Region: Sumatra
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown [1600?]
Summit Elevation: 2,460
m
Latitude: 3.17°N
Longitude: 98.392°E
Source: GVP

Sinabung is located in Group K Volcanoes


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

The PVMBG categorizes Sinabung as a type A volcano, or those that have erupted since 1600. Type B volcanoes have not erupted since 1600 but show signs of activity, and type C are those that have not erupted in recorded history.


Mount Sinabung ejected tephra into the air as seen from Tanah Karo, North Sumatra, Indonesia, Friday, Sept. 3, 2010. (AP Photo/Dedy Zulkifli). Image may be subject to copyright.

Indonesian Volcanoes

Indonesian Volcanoes have been responsible for a number of cataclysmic explosions in modern history.

Krakatoa [Krakatau] Cataclysmic Eruption 1883

ashcroft -riv thames
William Ashcroft painting “On the Banks of the River Thames” in London, November 26, 1883 [Exactly three months after Krakatoa’s cataclysmic 1883 eruption.]

The Krakatoa eruption affected the climate driving the weather patterns wild for the next 5 years. Average global temperatures fell by about 1.2 °C in the following years, returning to normal only in 1888.

The eruption ejected about 21 cubic kilometers of volcanic matter and destroyed two-thirds of the Krakatoa island. The explosion also spawned giant tsunamis killing an estimated 40,000 people.

Karakatoa
An 1888 lithograph of the 1883 violent explosion of Krakatau.

Based on their models, our colleagues at EDRO forecast that the collapse of Singapore may occur as a result of volcanic activity on the island of Sumatra. However, they have not disclosed any further detail.

Indonesia Volcano Alerts

PVMBG has placed five volcanoes on the second highest level of activity “Level III, Orange Alert,” and 17 others on  third highest alert level “Level II, Yellow Alert.” Following table shows the alert level designations, as of November 16, 2013.

indonesia volcano alerts 3nov13 -fire-earth-blog
Indonesia Volcano Alerts as of November 16, 2013. Source: PVMBG. Image enhanced by FIRE-EARTH Blog.

Related Links

Posted in Significant Event Imagery, significant events, volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic event, volcanic hazard, volcanism report | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mount Rokatenda Erupts, Kills 6 People

Posted by feww on August 10, 2013

Restive Mount Rokatenda on Palue, Indonesia, finally erupts

Mount Rokatenda, located on the small island of Palue about 2,000km east of Jakarta, erupted spewing ash and rocks more than 2,000 meter into the air.

Hot ash and lava from the eruption fell on a nearby beach, killing at least 6 people including 2 children, officials said.

Rokatenda has been restive since last October, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of villagers.

The eruption started at 04:27 on Saturday (20:27 UTC Friday) and lasted for about 4 hours, according to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency.

=================

Mount Rokatenda is one of about 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia, an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands. Much of the country sits along the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” an area crisscrossed by numerous fault lines and prone to earthquakes and volcanic activity.

Mount Merapi’s 2010 eruption in central Java left up to 400 people dead and more than 250,000 others displaced.

Posted in active volcano, Indonesia volcanoes, volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic event | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

How Many Volcanoes Firing?

Posted by feww on March 7, 2013

Global Volcanic Eruptions 2013: Tempo Rising?


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

CLEVELAND VOLCANO (52°49’20” N 169°56’42” W; CAVW #1101-24-) – [Group A on the Global Map]
Wednesday, March 6, 2013 12:14 PM AKST (Wednesday, March 6, 2013 21:14 UTC)
Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1,730 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Source: AVO

1338849660_ak52
Cleveland viewed from an Alaska Airlines 737 en route to Adak, Alaska. [Carlisle Volcano, center of image. Mount Cleveland, lower right of image.]

Date: May 31, 2012 12:00 AM
Photographer/Creator: Read, Cyrus. Image courtesy of AVO/USGS.

1285607433_ak52
This GeoEye IKONOS image shows a faint plume issuing from Cleveland Volcano at 2:31 PM on September 14, 2010. Red in this image highlights areas of vegetation detected by the near-infrared channel
.

Date: September 14, 2010 10:31 PM UTC
Volcano(es): Cleveland
Photographer/Creator: Wessels, Rick
Image processed by AVO/USGS. Image copyright 2010 – GeoEye

KILAUEA VOLCANO (19°25’16” N 155°17’13” W; CAVW #1302-01-)
Wednesday, March 6, 2013 7:43 AM HST (Wednesday, March 6, 2013 17:43 UTC)
Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1,247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE
Source: HVO

Kamchatka Volcanoes on ORANGE Alert [Group J on the Global Map]

  • PLOSKY TOLBACHIK VOLCANO (55.83 N, 160.39 E; CAVW #1000-24-)
    Elevation:  3,085 m (10119 ft )
  • SHEVELUCH VOLCANO (56.64 N, 161.32 E; CAVW #1000-27-)
    Elevation: 3, 283 m [the dome elevation: 2,500 m)
  • KIZIMEN VOLCANO (55.13 N, 160.32 E; CAVW #1000-23-)
    Elevation: 2,485 m (8151 ft)
  • KARYMSKY VOLCANO (54.05 N, 159.44 E; CAVW #1000-13-)
    Elevation 1,486 m (4874 ft)

Other Kamchatka Volcanoes on YELLOW Alert [Group J on the Global Map]

  • KLYUCHEVSKOY VOLCANO (56.06 N, 160.64 E; CAVW #1000-26-)
    Elevation:  4,750 m
  • BEZYMIANNY VOLCANO (55.97 N, 160.6 E; CAVW #1000-25-)
    Elevation: 2,882 m
  • GORELY VOLCANO (52.56 N, 158.03 E; CAVW #1000-07-)
    Elevation: 1,828 m

Volcanoes of the Kurile Islands

  • Snow (Chirpoi Is.)  – YELLOW
  • Ivan Grozny – YELLOW

Recent Activity/ Unrest at other volcanoes

Ongoing Activity

Volcano/Earthquake Links

Posted in Significant Event Imagery, significant events, significant geophysical disturbances, volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic event, volcanic hazard, volcanic unrest, volcano, volcano alert, volcano images, Volcano News | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Plosky Tolbachik Volcano Erupts

Posted by feww on March 5, 2013

Plosky Tolbachik spews two long streams of lava

PLOSKY TOLBACHIK VOLCANO (55.83 N, 160.39 E; CAVW #1000-24-)
Elevation:  3,085 m (10119 ft )
Aviation Color Code:  ORANGE

The massive 3,085-meter-high Plosky [flat] Tolbachik, one of Russia’s largest volcanoes, has spewed two streams of lava, one extending for about 18km and the other 6km one made 18 kilometers, said a report.

  • “The fiery river has been setting trees on its way ablaze while turning ice and snow into clouds of steam.”

Simultaneous activities have also been detected in the Kizimen and Shiveluch volcanoes in the Kamchatka region, the report said.

Holocene Volcanoes in Kamchatka
Holocene Volcanoes in Kamchatka
. Source: Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Kamchatka, Russia

4 Kamchatka volcanoes are currently on ORANGE alert according to KVERT

1. PLOSKY TOLBACHIK VOLCANO (55.83 N, 160.39 E; CAVW #1000-24-)
Elevation:  3,085 m (10119 ft )

2. SHEVELUCH VOLCANO (56.64 N, 161.32 E; CAVW #1000-27-)
Elevation: 3, 283 m [the dome elevation: 2,500 m)

3. KIZIMEN VOLCANO (55.13 N, 160.32 E; CAVW #1000-23-)
Elevation: 2,485 m (8151 ft)

4. KARYMSKY VOLCANO (54.05 N, 159.44 E; CAVW #1000-13-)
Elevation 1,486 m (4874 ft)

3 other volcanoes on YELLOW alert

I. KLYUCHEVSKOY VOLCANO (56.06 N, 160.64 E; CAVW #1000-26-)
Elevation:  4,750 m

II. BEZYMIANNY VOLCANO (55.97 N, 160.6 E; CAVW #1000-25-)
Elevation: 2,882 m

III. GORELY VOLCANO (52.56 N, 158.03 E; CAVW #1000-07-)
Elevation: 1,828 m

Related Links

Related News

.

March 5, 2013 – DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,103 Days Left 

Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,103 Days Left to ‘Worst Day’ in the brief Human  History
  • The countdown began on May 15, 2011 …

GLOBAL WARNINGS

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in volcanic activity, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic earthquake, volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard, volcano alert, Volcanology | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mount Lokon Eruption Forces 6,000 to Evacuate

Posted by feww on July 17, 2011

UPDATE Posted @ 12:35UTC

Violent eruption at Mt Lokon sent a massive plume of smoke and ash into the air about 3,500-meters above the Tompaluan crater

According to local reports residents were returning to their homes along the mountain’s slopes, when the eruption occurred. The force of Sunday explosion however send them scurrying back into emergency shelters.

An estimated 30,000 villagers live within a 3.5-km evacuation zone which was established on Sulawesi Island a week ago.


Mount Lokon’s eruption seen from Tomohon, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, July 14, 2011. Image Credit: Jakarta Post/ANN. Image may be subject to copyright.

.

Latest Lokon-Empung eruptions eject ash plume 800m into the air

Mt Lokon erupted at least 3 times on Saturday spewing thick plume of grey ash and volcanic fumes above the Tompaluan crater, located between the Lokon-Empung peaks.

Alert Level  raised to 4 by Indonesia’s CVGHM  has remained at the maximum level since July 11 eruption, when the volcano ejected ash about 5km above the crater summit.

Mount Lokon, one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes, is located about 20 km from North Sulawesi provincial capital of Manado.

“Historical eruptions have primarily produced small-to-moderate ash plumes that have occasionally damaged croplands and houses, but lava-dome growth and pyroclastic flows have also occurred.” GVP said.

Lokon-Empung Summary of Details 

Country/ Region: Indonesia (Sulawesi)
Summit Elevation: 1,580 m
Coordinates: 1.358°N, 124.792°E


The twin volcanoes Lokon and Empung rise above the towns of Kakaskasen and Kinilow as viewed from the flanks of Mahawu volcano. The more prominent Lokon volcano (left), is higher than Empung volcano (right) and lacks a summit crater. Most historical eruptions from Lokon-Empung, one of the most active volcanoes on Sulawesi Island, have originated from Tompaluan crater, which can be seen surrounded by fresh ash deposits in the saddle between the two peaks. Gunung Tetawiran rises beyond the saddle. Photo by Agus Solihin, 1998 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia); caption by GVP.


A Map of Listed Volcanoes of Indonesia.

Latest Volcanic Eruptions/ Activities

Ongoing Activity:

Related Links

Posted in active volcano, volcanic activity | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

VolcanoWatch Weekly [1 Apr 2011]

Posted by feww on April 1, 2011

Summary of Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

[23 March-29 March 2011 — Source of volcano activity list: SI/USGS]

HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE — Thursday, March 31, 2011 8:01 AM HST (18:01 UTC)

KILAUEA VOLCANO
Location: 19°25’16” N 155°17’13” W
Summit Elevation: 4,091 ft (1,247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Activity Summary for past 24 hours: DI inflation started yesterday afternoon at the summit. The summit lava lake returned as the Pu`u `O`o lava lake episodically filled and drained while its level rose slowly. Summit seismicity was low, with a brief swarm of deep LPs while East Rift Zone seismicity increased slightly. Source

Lava Returns to Kīlauea Volcano’s east rift zone


Pu`u `Ō `ō crater seen on March 26 when  a small lake of fresh lava formed. Click image to enlarge.


Molten lava is seen in this webcam image deep in the vent inset within the east wall of Halema`uma`u Crater. Source

New Activity/Unrest:

* Mount Karangetang erupted about 6 hours after the March 11 Megaquake struck near the east coast of Honshu.

Map of Volcanoes


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

Ongoing Activity:

For additional information, see source.

Related Links:

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

Other Related Links:

Posted in volcanic activity, volcano, volcano alert | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Mt. Baekdu Could Erupt: Report

Posted by feww on February 11, 2011

N.Korea ‘Preparing for Eruption of Mt. Baekdu’

Mt. Baekdu may erupt, according to North Korean authorities, Radio Free Asia reports.

Local geologists are again warning of a volcanic eruption at Mt. Baekdu, a volcano located on the border between North Korea and China.

Baitoushan Volcano, China and North Korea


Mt Baekdu Volcano, April 2003. Source: NASA/JSC

Original Caption:

One of the largest known eruptions of the modern geologic period (the Holocene) occurred at Baitoushan Volcano (also known as Changbaishan in China and P’aektu-san in Korea) about 1000 A.D., with erupted material deposited as far away as northern Japan—a distance of approximately 1,200 kilometers. The eruption also created the 4.5-kilometer-diameter, 850-meter-deep summit caldera of the volcano, which is now filled with the waters of Lake Tianchi (or Sky Lake). This oblique astronaut photograph was taken during the winter season, and snow highlights frozen Lake Tianchi and lava flow lobes along the southern face of the volcano.

Baitoushan last erupted in 1702, and geologists consider it to be dormant. Gas emissions were reported from the summit and nearby hot springs in 1994, but no evidence of renewed activity of the volcano was observed. The Chinese-Korean border runs directly through the center of the summit caldera, and the mountain is considered sacred by the predominantly Korean population living near the volcano. Lake Tianchi is a popular resort destination, both for its natural beauty and alleged sightings of unidentified creatures living in its depths (similar to the legendary Loch Ness Monster in Scotland).

Changbaishan,aka Baitoushan (Korean: Baegdu or P’aektu-san)

Country: China/Korea
Region: Eastern China
Last Known Eruption: 1903
Summit Elevation: 2,744m (9,003 feet)
Latitude: 41.98°N 41°59’0″N
Longitude: 128.08°E 128°5’0″E
Source: GVP


Mt. Baekdu Volcano eruption in 1903 (?) Source NEWSIS via Chosunilbo. Image may be to subject to copyright.


Lake Tianchi (or Sky Lake) at the summit caldera of Mt. Baekdu Volcano. Promotional photo published by N. Korean government.

“Quoting sources in Ryanggang Province, North Korea, the station said two geography professors of Kim Jung-suk University of Education involved in a Mt. Baekdu expedition team have recently been to Pyongyang to attend a seminar on Mt. Baekdu volcanic activity.” Chosunilbo reported.

Related Links:

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

Other Related Links:

Posted in volcanic activity, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic eruption, volcano, volcano alert, volcano eruption | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mt Bromo Eruption Forces Dozens of BALI Flight Cancellations

Posted by feww on January 28, 2011

East Java’s Mt Bromo eruption forces at least 4 airlines to cancel holiday flights to the region

Cathay Pacific,  Jetstar, Singapore Airlines and Virgin Blue were forced to cancel all flights to and from Bali until further notice.

Mt Bromo ejected fountains of lava to a height of about 200m during a strombolian eruption. Several nearby villages were covered in hot ash spewed by the volcano, report say.

Bromo Erupts


The 2,330-m high volcano is located in Probolinggo, East Java province, about 750km east of the Indonesian capital of Jakarta.  January 25, 2011.  Photo credit: AFP/Aman Rahman. Image may be subject to copyright.

Other Volcano News

Video Clip:

Related Links:

Posted in Mt Bromo volcano, strombolian eruption, volcanic activity, volcano images, Volcano News | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Japan’s Shinmoedake volcano erupts for a 2nd day

Posted by feww on January 27, 2011

Mt Shinmoedake continued to eject tephra Thursday

Shinmoedake volcano in southern Japan, which began erupting on Wednesday, ejecting rocks, ash and smoke about 4,600m  into the air, was still erupting on Thursday.

Local highways and railroads have become impassable as a result, and at least 4 flights to the area have been canceled as a precaution, reports say.


Shinmoedake volcano continued erupting for a second day on Thursday. Freeze frame from ITN news clip.

Shinmoedake Volcano Erupts


Natural-color satellite image of Shinmoedake volcano  captured by MODIS aboard NASA’s
Terra satellite on January 26, 2011. Shinmoedake is a volcano in the Kirishima volcanic complex on Japan’s Kyushu island. Source: NASA-EO. Click image to enlarge.


Lightening is photographed using time exposure during an eruption from Mt Shinmoedake in the Kirishima volcanic complex on the border of Kagoshima and Miyazaki prefectures, southern Japan. Photo:  Shuji Uchimura/AP. Image may be subject to copyrights.

Video Clips

Related Links:

Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic event, volcanism, volcano | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mt Bromo Eruption Closes Airport

Posted by feww on November 29, 2010

Java’s Bromo Volcano Erupts

Ash from Mt Bormo forces nearby Malang city’s airport to close

Indonesian government raised the eruption threat warning to code red, the highest alert status.

“The ash contains chemical substances which could cause engine trouble” to planes flying nearby, officials said.

The volcano was reportedly ejecting columns of ash into the air to a height of about 700 meters (2,300 feet).

The volcano is expected to continue erupting for “many days”  a government volcanologist said.

Tengger Caldera


Photo by Indonesia Department of Information


The 16-km-wide Tengger caldera is located at the northern end of a volcanic massif extending from Semeru volcano. The massive Tengger volcanic complex dates back to about 820,000 years ago and consists of five overlapping stratovolcanoes, each truncated by a caldera. Lava domes, pyroclastic cones, and a maar occupy the flanks of the massif. The Ngadisari caldera at the NE end of the complex formed about 150,000 years ago and is now drained through the Sapikerep valley. The most recent of the Tengger calderas is the 9 x 10 km wide Sandsea caldera at the SW end of the complex, which formed incrementally during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. An overlapping cluster of post-caldera cones was constructed on the floor of the Sandsea caldera within the past several thousand years. The youngest of these is Bromo, one of Java’s most active and most frequently visited volcanoes. (Source: GVP)

Related Links:

Latest Entries on Mt Merapi

More Volcano Links

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

Other Related Links:

Posted in Malang city, Tengger caldera, volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Arabia Lucky Last Time

Posted by feww on September 27, 2010

Will Arabia Be So Lucky Next Time?

A swarm of at least 30,000 tremors  that struck Harrat Lunayyir, an ancient  lava field in western Arabia, between April and June 2009 was a ‘failed eruption,’ US and Arabian geologists say.


An aerial view of one of the volcanoes in the Al-Aayiss area.

Based on the ground deformation satellite data, depth and signature of the shockwaves, the researchers have concluded that the seismic activity was related to a ‘failed volcanic eruption.’ They say magma has now moved very  close to the surface, increasing the probability of an eruption.

The Arabian peninsula’s western side comprises lava fields [harrat] measuring up to 200,000 square kilometers, which were formed over the past 30 million years, after Arabia split from Africa.


Fissures formed when the earthquake swarm struck Harrat Lunayyir, western Arabia, between April and June 2009. Image source: Arabian media.  Image may be subject to copyright.

Related Links:

Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanism, volcano | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

Sinabung Erupts Again

Posted by feww on August 30, 2010

Mount Sinabung 2nd eruption ‘more powerful’

Sinabung spewed ash to a height of about 2km in its second eruption in two days


Mount Sinabung volcano spews smoke in Suka Nalu village in the district of Tanah Karo, in Indonesia’s North Sumatra province August 30, 2010. The Indonesian volcano that erupted for the first time in centuries on Sunday spewed fresh plumes of smoke early on Monday morning, causing panic in nearby villages and delaying local flights, officials said on Monday.  Credit: Reuters/Tarmizy Harva. Image may be subject to copyright.  More photos …

According to Indonesia’s head volcanologist, Surono, Today’s eruption was more powerful than the first yesterday.

“Earlier today was another eruption at 6.30 a.m., sending out smoke as high as two km, more or less.” He said.

“I saw some hot pieces of volcanic rock come out and burn trees in the area,” A Reuters photographer said

“People have been evacuated from areas within a six km (four-mile) radius of the volcano,” vulcanologist Surono said. “Beyond six km it is safe, but there has still been a lot of panic among people here who don’t understand that.”

He said it was impossible to know when the eruptions would stop, but it was unlikely volcanic dust would drift to neighboring countries.

“Here, [the volcanic dash]  is three millimeters (1/8 of an inch) thick on the leaves of plants,” he said, adding that he did not believe the neighboring countries would be affected as a result of this eruptive episode.

Our colleagues at EDRO believe that the collapse of Singapore may occur as a result of volcanic activity on the island of Sumatra. However, they have not disclosed any further detail.

Earlier Entries:

Related Links:

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

Other Recommended Links

Posted in sumatra volcano, volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard, volcanism, volcano, Volcano News | Tagged: , , | 4 Comments »

Mount Sinabung Erupts

Posted by feww on August 29, 2010

Lava spewing ‘like a ball of fire’

Indonesian officials have issued a red alert after Mount Sinabung on the island of Sumatra began spewing lava early Sunday morning.


Villagers ride a motorcycle while covering their mouths at the district of Tanah Karo outside the city of Medan, North Sumatra, as the Mount Sinabung volcano spews smoke in the background August 28, 2010.  Credit: Reuters/Tarmizy Harva. Image may be subject to copyright.

The volcano had been spewing smoke and ash to a height of about 1.5km a.s.l. throughout Saturday, local reports said, quoting  eye witnesses who saw lava spewing out of the volcano from 7 km away.

The authorities have evacuated up to 15,000 residents living near the volcano.

Mount Sinabung is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes, and had last erupted about 400 years ago.

The head of Indonesia’s vulcanology center was quoted by Reuters as saying:

“This is the first time since 1600 that Sinabung erupted [although there are no activities recorded] and we have little knowledge in terms on its eruptive patterns and general forms.”


The conical Sinabung volcano, seen here from the east, rises above farmlands on the Kato Plateau. Gunung Sinabung contains four summit craters, the southernmost of which is the youngest. Many prominent lava flows appear on the flanks of the volcano. No confirmed historical eruptions are known from Gunung Sinabung. Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey). Caption: GVP

Sinabung Volcano: Summary of Details

Country: Indonesia
Region: Sumatra
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown [1600?]
Summit Elevation: 2,460
m
Latitude: 3.17°N
Longitude: 98.392°E
Source: GVP

Sinabung is located in Group K Volcanoes


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.


Sinabung volcano, seen from Gurukinayan village on the south, shows prominent lava flows on its flanks and a dramatic summit spine. The summit of Gunung Sinabung is much less frequently visited than neighboring Sabayak volcano to the NE. Photo by S. Wikartadipura, 1982 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia). Source: GVP.


Approximate location of Sinabung is marked  on the map by FEWW.

The volcano is located about 260km east of the epicenter of the 9.1 – 9.3Mw earthquake which struck off the coast of Sumatra on December 26, 2004, triggering the deadly Boxing Day Tsunami.

Related Links:

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanism, volcano, volcano alert, volcano eruption, Volcano News | Tagged: , , | 3 Comments »

VolcanoWatch Weekly [22 July 2010]

Posted by feww on July 21, 2010

Plosky Tolbachik Volcano


The massive, flat-topped, 3,085-m Plosky Tolbachik Volcano (55°49’N, 160°24’E) last erupted in 1975-76. The cleaver-edged volcano to the left is Ostry Tolbachik. “The 1975-76 eruption from the summit and south-flank fissures was the largest historical basaltic eruption in Kamchatka.” Source:   KVERT. Image may be subject to copyright.

Kamchatka could experience major volcanic  eruptions 2010-2011

Holocene Volcanoes in Kamchatka

Map of Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes. Source KVERT

Summary of Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

[Source: SI/USGS]

New Activity/Unrest (14 July – 20 July 2010)

NOTE: Based on Fire-Earth Model, more volcanic activity/unrest may be expected in areas/groups shown in red.


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

Ongoing Activity:

For additional information, see source.

Related Links:

Other Volcano Links:

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

Other Related Links:

Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic activity forecast, Volcanic Activity Report, volcano, Volcano News | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

VolcanoWatch Weekly [2 July 2010]

Posted by feww on July 2, 2010

Summary of Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

[Source: SI/USGS]

New Activity/Unrest (23 June – 29 June 2010)

  • Gorely, Southern Kamchatka (Russia) —  [Group J]
  • Pagan, Mariana Islands (Central Pacific) — [Group L]
  • Tungurahua, Ecuador [Group D]
  • Ulawun, New Britain   [Group K]

NOTE: More volcanic activity/unrest may be expected in areas/groups shown in red.


Map of Volcanoes. Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

Ongoing Activity:

For additional information, see source.

Related Links:

Other Volcano Links:

FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

    Other Related Links:

    Posted in volcanic activity, volcanism, volcano, volcano alert, Volcano News, Volcano Watch | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    VolcanoWatch [19 June 2010]

    Posted by feww on June 19, 2010

    Manam Volcano Exhales a Faint Plume


    Manam Volcano released a faint plume on June 16, 2010. Image  acquired by ALI on NASA’s EO-1 satellite. Located about 13 kilometers off the coast of mainland Papua New Guinea, the 1,807m high Manam forms a 10-km wide island and two summit craters. Source: NASA E/O.
    Click image to enlarge. Download large image (4 MB, JPEG)

    Summary of Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

    [Source: SI/USGS]

    New Activity/Unrest (9 June – 15 June 2010)


    Map of Volcanoes. Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

    Ongoing Activity:

    For additional information, see source.

    Related Links:

    More Links:

    FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

    Other Related Links:

    Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic hazard, volcanism, volcano | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    VolcanoWatch [10 June 2010]

    Posted by msrb on June 10, 2010

    Summary of Weekly Volcanic Activity Report

    [Source: SI/USGS]

    New Activity/Unrest (2 June – 8 June 2010)

    • Bezymianny, Central Kamchatka (Russia)  [Group J]
    • Cleveland, Chuginadak Island  [Group H]
    • Pacaya, Guatemala  [Group F]
    • Taal, Luzon   [Group K]
    • Tiatia, Kunashir Island (Kuril Islands, Russia)   [Group J]
    • Tungurahua, Ecuador  [Group D]
    • Ulawun, New Britain [Group K]


    Map of Volcanoes. Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

    Ongoing Volcanic Activity:

    For additional information, see source.

    Related Links:

    More Links:

    FEWW Volcanic Activity Forecast

    Other Related Links:

    Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, Volcanic Explosions, volcanic hazard, volcanism, volcano | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    Global Volcanoes Rehearsing?

    Posted by feww on June 1, 2010

    Submarine Volcano Erupts Near Sarigan Island

    An underwater volcano off Sarigan Island, Northern Marianas, about 160km (100 miles) north of the island of Saipan erupted on Saturday sending a plume of steam and ash cloud into the air and showering  the ocean surface with volcanic debris, US officials reported on Monday.

    “An EMO observer aboard an overflight yesterday reported a large area of debris floating in the sea south of the island, and a stationary area of discoloration in the water, presumably above the vent. The crew on Sarigan reported passage of a small wave (less than 0.5 m) following onset of the eruption yesterday.” USGS said.

    However, satellite images show no sign of ongoing activity, USGS said.

    “Seismicity at a single nearby station on Sarigan Island declined soon after the eruption of a large steam and ash cloud from a submarine vent 11 km (7 miles) south of Sarigan Volcano early yesterday. Satellite images show no sign of ongoing activity.”

    Scientists had initially thought the volcanic cloud came from either of the Anatahan or Sarigan volcano, and later verified the source by the trail of debris and water discoloration close to the vent,  a USGS official said.

    The Northern Mariana Islands are located about 6100km (3,800 miles) southwest of Hawaii.

    Summary of Volcano Details (USGS):

    • Volcano Location: N 16 deg 42 min E 145 deg 46 min
    • Area: Mariana Islands
    • Summit Elevation: 1765 ft (538 m)
    • Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity and subaqueous eruptive activity have declined at Sarigan Volcano prompting reduction of the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcanic Activity Level to ADVISORY.

    Major Volcanoes of the Mariana Islands (USGS)

    Click image to enlarge.

    Barren Island

    A M6.4 quake (11.119°N, 93.698°E) which struck close to Barren Island Monday, May 31, 2010 at 19:51:48 UTC, may have triggered the Andaman Sea volcano for eruption.

    Related Links:

    Posted in US Volcanoes, volcanic activity, volcanic ash, volcanic eruption, volcanic event | Tagged: , , , , | 7 Comments »

    Pacaya Erupts, Covers Guatemala City with Ash

    Posted by feww on May 28, 2010

    Pacaya Volcano Erupts, Prompting the Authorities to Close Down Guatemala’s International Airport

    Pacaya volcano, located about 25 kilometers south of the Guatemalan capital, erupted late Thursday local time depositing as much as 8 cm of ash over parts of the city.

    The authorities closed down La Aurora international airport until further notice.

    The closest villages to the volcano have been evacuated.


    Map of Volcanoes. Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

    The 2,552-meter Pacaya volcano is in Group F on the above diagram.

    The disaster could be exacerbated by heavy rains that would trigger flash floods causing deadly lahars and mudslides.

    Major Volcanoes of Guatemala

    Casualties and Damage:

    Two people have been killed, and 59 others injured so far, with three children reported as missing.

    At least 100 homes have been destroyed and many other damaged, as more reports come in. About 2,000 people have been evacuated.

    Related Links:

    Posted in lahars, volcanic activity, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic ash, volcanic eruptions | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

    Guatemala’s Santiaguito volcano continues to erupt

    Posted by feww on April 30, 2010

    Santiaguito volcano rains ash over western Guatemala

    On 20 April, INSIVUMEH reported explosions from Santa María’s Santiaguito, which produced ash plumes rising to altitudes of 2.8-3.4 km (9,200-11,200 feet), Global Volcanism Program said.

    On Monday 26, April the volcano erupted violently sending a plume of ash 8.3 km (27,300 feet) a.s.l., news articles reported.

    The volcano has calmed since Monday’s violent burst, however, it’s still erupting, according to disaster response agency spokesman David De Leon, AP said.

    De Leon was quoted as saying that the eruption had damaged local flower harvests, though no injury was caused. A no-fly  ban was imposed 20 kilometers from the volcano  schools were closed in 10 communities as a precaution.

    Formed during a catastrophic eruption in 1902, Santiaguito is  a 1-km-wide crater on the 3,772-meter Santa Maria volcano, located about 200 kilometers northwest of Guatemala City.

    It’s believed that about 2,500 people were perished as a result of the 1902 eruption.


    Santiaguito volcano, seen from the summit of Santamaria. GNU License.


    Photo by Jon Fink, Arizona State University, 1988 (courtesy of Bill Rose, Michigan Technological University), via GVP.

    Related Links:

    Serial No 1,648. Starting April 2010, each entry on this blog has a unique serial number. If any of the numbers are missing, it may mean that the corresponding entry has been blocked by Google/the authorities in your country. Please drop us a line if you detect any anomaly/missing number(s).

    Posted in environment, Santiaguito volcano, volcanic activity, volcanic ash, volcanic eruption | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    A Family Photo of Volcanoes, El Salvador

    Posted by feww on April 26, 2010

    Stratovolcanoes near Usulután, El Salvador


    (L to R) Usulután: Formed during Holocene (an ongoing geological epoch that began about 12,000 years ago).  El Tigre formed during the Pleistocene Epoch (2.588 million to about 12,000 years ago), probably the oldest of member of the family captured in this astronaut photograph. The summit crater of El Tigre has eroded. Chinameca Volcano (also known as El Pacayal) has a two-kilometer-wide caldera formed after a powerful eruption caused its dome to collapse. San Miguel (also known as Chaparrastique), the youngest member of the family, is  situated about 15 km southwest of the city of San Miguel, where it takes its name from. It’s  one of the most active volcanoes in el Salvador and last erupted in 2002.  (Source of Photo: NASA. Astronaut photograph ISS023-E-22411 was acquired on March 31, 2010).

    Terrestrial photos [click images to enlarge]


    Usulután volcano rises above the Pacific coastal plain at the SE end of a cluster of stratovolcanoes between San Vicente and San Miguel volcanoes. The flanks of the forested Usulután volcano are dissected, but youthful lava flows are present on its southern flanks. The younger summit rocks of 1449-m-high Usulután and Cerro Nanzal pyroclastic cone on the lower SE flank were mapped as Holocene (Weber and Wiesemann, 1978). A broad 1.3-km-wide crater is breached to the east from the summit of Usulután to its lower flank. Several large erosional craters cut the flanks of Usulután, including the valley seen in this view cutting the SW flank. The rounded peak at the left is the young cone of Cerro Oromontique on the margin of El Tigre volcano. Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution). Caption Global Volcanism Program (GVP).


    The dissected Pleistocene volcano El Tigre is seen here from the NW on the flanks of Tecapa volcano with the town of Santiago de María at the left center. Two Holocene cones, symmetrical Cerro Oromontique in the center of the photo and Cerro la Manita, the small peak on the right horizon, were erupted along a NW-SE-trending fissure cutting the flanks of El Tigre volcano. Photo by Kristal Dorion, 1994 (U.S. Geological Survey). Caption: GVP.


    Chinameca stratovolcano is seen here from the SE near the summit of neighboring San Miguel volcano. A 2-km-wide, steep-sided caldera, Laguna Seca el Pacayal (right-center), truncates the summit of Chinameca volcano. The Holocene cone of Cerro el Limbo (in the partial shade left of the caldera) on the western flank rises to a point above the level of the caldera rim. A group of fumarole fields is located on the north flank of the volcano near the town of Chinameca, and the volcano has been the site of a geothermal exploration program. Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution). Caption: GVP.


    Symmetrical San Miguel volcano towers 2000 m above a barren basaltic lava flow erupted from a SE-flank vent in 1819. The conical volcano is not the highest volcano in El Salvador, but is one of the most prominent, since it rises from near sea level on the Pacific coastal plain. San Miguel (also known as Chaparrastique) is one of the most active volcanoes of El Salvador, with more than two dozen eruptions recorded since the beginning of the Spanish era.  Photo by Carlos Pullinger, 1996 (Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales, El Salvador). Caption: GVP

    For more info on the above volcanoes see: Volcanoes of México and Central America

    Related Links:

    Serial No 1,626. Starting April 2010, each entry on this blog has a unique serial number. If any of the numbers are missing, it may mean that the corresponding entry has been blocked by Google/the authorities in your country. Please drop us a line if you detect any anomaly/missing number(s). No 1,627.

    Posted in volcanic activity, volcanic eruption, volcanic event, volcanic genie, volcanic hazard | Tagged: , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

    More Activity at Soufriere Hills Volcano

    Posted by feww on February 26, 2010

    Soufriere Hills Hellbent on Blowing Up Montserrat Island

    In Montserrat: What Next? Fire-Earth wrote that Montserrat island could become completely uninhabitable by 2013 or earlier.

    “Based on the pattern of volcanic activity at Soufriere Hills volcano since 1995, evidence of increased volcanism globally and a number of other  factors, the FEWW EarthModel forecasts the probability of Montserrat island becoming completely uninhabitable by by 2013 was equal or greater than 80 percent.”

    Meanwhile, the Montserrat Volcano Observatory on February 21 reported that “the drainages leading down from Soufrière Hills, including the White River Valley, the Tar River Valley, and the Belham River Valley, were filled with fresh debris,” NASA Earth observatory said. The pyroclastic flows entered the sea via Aymers Ghaut more than a month ago, and the flows reached the sea near Plymouth on February 5, 2010.

    Image # 1 (reportedly acquired by NASA on Feb 21, 2010)

    Image # 2 (reportedly acquired by NASA on March 17, 200y – used for comparison)
    A massive eruption of Montserrat’s Soufrière Hills Volcano triggered by a collapse of Soufrière Hills’ summit lava dome  covered large portions of the island in debris on February 11, 2010. Pyroclastic flows raced down the northern flank of the volcano, leveling trees and destroying buildings in the village of Harris, already abandoned after Soufrière Hills activity in 1995. The Montserrat Volcano Observatory reported that some flows, about 15 meters (49 feet) thick, reached the sea at Trant’s Bay, extending the island’s coastline up to 650 meters (2,100 feet). These false-color satellite images show the southern half of Montserrat before and after the dome collapse. The top image was taken on February 21, 2010, 10 days after the event. The bottom image shows the same area on March 17, 2007. Red areas are vegetated, clouds are white, blue/black areas are ocean water, and gray areas are covered by flow deposits. Fresh deposits are lighter than older deposits. On February 21, the drainages leading down from Soufrière Hills, including the White River Valley, the Tar River Valley, and the Belham River Valley, were filled with fresh debris. Pyroclastic flows reached the sea through Aymers Ghaut on January 18, 2010, and flows entered the sea near Plymouth on February 5, 2010, Montserrat Volcano Observatory said.

    Note: Links to Montserrat Volcano Observatory have been removed because the site is used for commercial advertising and promotion of tourism.

    Related Links:

    Posted in Aymers Ghaut, Plymouth, volcanic activity, volcanism, volcano | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »