Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive – Mass die-off, caused by anthropogenic assault on Earth and the effect of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin by 2016

Back to Back Rainstorms Destroy Thousands of Homes in China

Posted by feww on July 23, 2015

Deadly storms destroy homes, crops and infrastructure in central and southern China

Extreme weather events continue to wreak havoc across vast swathes of central and southern China, destroying homes, crops and public infrastructure.

Back-to-back storms have affected about a million people, forcing 150,000 to flee their homes in several Chinese provinces, reported the official Xinhua news.

“In central China’s Hunan Province, more than 9,000 people have been relocated since a rainstorm started on Wednesday, according to the provincial flood control and drought relief headquarters.”

At least four people have died and another five are missing after in Liancheng County, eastern Fujian Province, after severe flooding swamped the streets and cut off power, early Wednesday, said the report.

More than 60,000 hectares of crops have been destroyed or damaged.

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Crop Disasters Declared in Six States

Posted by feww on July 23, 2015

Crops destroyed by drought, excessive rain, flooding, high winds and hail

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated 49 counties and parishes across six states—Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, Texas, and Washington—as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by drought (Oregon and Washington), and excessive rain, flooding, high winds and hail in the other four states.

Crop Disaster Designation #1  due to damages and losses caused by the combined effects of excessive rain, flooding, high winds and hail that occurred from April 27, 2015, through June 26, 2015.

The disaster areas in Louisiana are the parishes of Allen, Ascension, Assumption, Avoyelles, Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Caldwell, Catahoula, Concordia, De Soto, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, Evangeline, Franklin, Grant, Iberia, Iberville, La Salle, Madison, Natchitoches, Pointe Coupee, Rapides, Red River, Richland, Sabine, St. Helena, St. Landry, St. Martin, Tensas, Vernon, Webster, West Baton Rouge, West Feliciana and Winn.

Other disaster area are as follows:

  • Arkansas. Lafayette and Miller counties.
  • Mississippi. Amite and Wilkinson counties.
  • Texas. Cass, Harrison, Marion and Panola counties.

Crop Disaster Designation #2 due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

  • Oregon. Clackamas, Hood River, Multnomah and Wasco counties.
  • Washington. Klickitat and Skamania counties.

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 1,500 counties, or county equivalents, across 25 states: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington and Wyoming.

USDA has also designated 14 municipalities in Puerto Rico as drought disaster areas.

About 99 percent of the 2015 crop disaster designations so far are due to drought.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on July 22, 2015 .

Related Links

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Federal Disaster Declared for New Jersey

Posted by feww on July 23, 2015

New Jersey Declared Major Disaster Area

New Jersey Severe Storm (DR-4231)

The Disaster President has declared a major disaster exists in the State of New Jersey in the areas affected by a severe storm on June 23, 2015. 

The areas that were worst affected by the extreme weather event include the counties of Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester.

Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the territory and warranted by the results of further damage assessments.

This is the 27th Major Disaster Declaration [DR 4205-4231] proclaimed for a U.S. state/territory, so far this year. Additionally, the federal government has also issued seven Fire Management Assistance Declarations for the year to date, as of posting.

Fire Management Assistance Declarations (2015)

[FM-5090] 07/20/2015 Washington Blue Creek Fire
[FM-5089] 07/20/2015 California North Fire
[FM-5088] 07/06/2015 Idaho Cape Horn Fire
[FM-5087] 06/29/2015 Washington Sleepy Hollow Fire
[FM-5086] 06/17/2015 Arizona Kearney River Fire
[FM-5085] 06/16/2015 Alaska Card Street Fire
[FM-5084] 06/15/2015 Alaska Sockeye Fire

Related Links

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Record Warm June, First Half of 2015

Posted by feww on July 22, 2015

Record-breaking temps. over global land & oceans in June, 1st half of 2015, past 12 months

First half of 2015 was record warm for the globe, while June 2015 was warmest June on record, with global land areas and oceans each breaking previous records, according to The State of the Climate Report issued by NCDC/NOAA.

The following are some of the key highlights from the report:

Global highlights: Year-to-date (January–June 2015)

The globally averaged temperature across  land and ocean surfaces (SST) was  0.85°C (1.53°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for the 6-month period in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the 2010 record by 0.09°C (0.16°F).

NOTES:
The
globally-averaged land and SST temperature for January to June 2010 was 14.2°C  (57.5°F), or 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average.
The 20th century average land surface and SST temperature for January to June period, as quoted in 2014, was of 13.5°C (56.3°F)

The globally-averaged land surface temperature was 1.40°C (2.52°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for January–June in 136-year record, surpassing the 2007 record by 0.13°C  (0.23°F).

The globally-averaged SST was 0.65°C  (1.17°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for the 6-month period in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the 2010 record by 0.07°F (0.04°C).

Global highlights: June 2015

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for June 2015 was the highest for June in the 136-year period of record, at 0.88°C (1.58°F) above the 20th century average of 15.5°C (59.9°F), surpassing the previous record set just one year ago by 0.12°C (0.22°F). This was also the fourth highest monthly departure from average for any month on record. The two highest monthly departures from average occurred earlier this year in February and March, both at 0.90°C (1.62°F) above the 20th century average for their respective months, while January 2007 had the third highest, at 0.89°C (1.60°F) above its monthly average.

The average global temperature across land surfaces was 1.26°C (2.27°F) above the 20th century average of 13.3°C (55.9°F), the highest June temperature on record, surpassing the 2012 record by 0.06°C (0.11°F).

The global sea surface temperature for June was 0.74°C (1.33°F) above the 20th century average of 16.4°C (61.5°F), the highest for June on record, surpassing the 2014 record by 0.06°C (0.11°F). [This also tied with September 2014 as the highest monthly departure from average for any month for the globally-averaged sea surface temperature. Nine of the ten highest monthly departures from average have occurred since May 2014.]

June 2015 also marks the fourth month this year that has broken its monthly temperature record, along with February, March, and May. The other months of 2015 were not far behind: January was second warmest for its respective month and April was third warmest. These six warm months combined with the previous six months (four of which were also record warm) to make the period July 2014–June 2015 the warmest 12-month period in the 136-year period of record, surpassing the previous record set just last month (June 2014–May 2015). 

Rank
1 = Warmest
Period of Record:
1880–2015
12-month Period Anomaly °C Anomaly °F
1 July 2014–June 2015 0.83 1.49
2 June 2014–May 2015 0.82 1.48
3 May 2014–April 2015 0.81 1.46
4 April 2014–March 2015 0.80 1.44
5 March 2014–February 2015 0.79 1.42
6 (tie) January–December 2014 0.78 1.40
6 (tie) February 2014–January 2015 0.78 1.40
8 December 2013–November 2014 0.77 1.39
9 November 2013–October 2014 0.74 1.33
10 (tie*) October 2013–September 2014 0.73 1.31

*ties with four other 12-month periods.  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for June 2015, published online July 2015, retrieved on July 22, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201506.

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First Half of 2015 Record Warm Globally

Posted by feww on July 22, 2015

Global land and oceans both record warm for June

First half of 2015 was record warm for the globe, while June 2015 was warmest June on record, with global land areas and oceans each breaking previous records, according to The State of the Climate Report issued by NCDC/NOAA.

The following are some of the key highlights from the report:

Global highlights: Year-to-date (January–June 2015)

The globally averaged temperature across  land and ocean surfaces (SST) was  0.85°C (1.53°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for the 6-month period in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the 2010 record by 0.09°C (0.16°F).

NOTES:
The
globally-averaged land and SST temperature for January to June 2010 was 14.2°C  (57.5°F), or 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average.
The 20th century average land surface and SST temperature for January to June period, as quoted in 2014, was of 13.5°C (56.3°F)

The globally-averaged land surface temperature was 1.40°C (2.52°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for January–June in 136-year record, surpassing the 2007 record by 0.13°C  (0.23°F).

The globally-averaged SST was 0.65°C  (1.17°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for the 6-month period in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the 2010 record by 0.07°F (0.04°C).

Global highlights: June 2015

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for June 2015 was the highest for June in the 136-year period of record, at 0.88°C (1.58°F) above the 20th century average of 15.5°C (59.9°F), surpassing the previous record set just one year ago by 0.12°C (0.22°F). This was also the fourth highest monthly departure from average for any month on record. The two highest monthly departures from average occurred earlier this year in February and March, both at 0.90°C (1.62°F) above the 20th century average for their respective months, while January 2007 had the third highest, at 0.89°C (1.60°F) above its monthly average.

The average global temperature across land surfaces was 1.26°C (2.27°F) above the 20th century average of 13.3°C (55.9°F), the highest June temperature on record, surpassing the 2012 record by 0.06°C (0.11°F).

The global sea surface temperature for June was 0.74°C (1.33°F) above the 20th century average of 16.4°C (61.5°F), the highest for June on record, surpassing the 2014 record by 0.06°C (0.11°F). [This also tied with September 2014 as the highest monthly departure from average for any month for the globally-averaged sea surface temperature. Nine of the ten highest monthly departures from average have occurred since May 2014.]

June 2015 also marks the fourth month this year that has broken its monthly temperature record, along with February, March, and May. The other months of 2015 were not far behind: January was second warmest for its respective month and April was third warmest. These six warm months combined with the previous six months (four of which were also record warm) to make the period July 2014–June 2015 the warmest 12-month period in the 136-year period of record, surpassing the previous record set just last month (June 2014–May 2015). 

Rank
1 = Warmest
Period of Record:
1880–2015
12-month Period Anomaly °C Anomaly °F
1 July 2014–June 2015 0.83 1.49
2 June 2014–May 2015 0.82 1.48
3 May 2014–April 2015 0.81 1.46
4 April 2014–March 2015 0.80 1.44
5 March 2014–February 2015 0.79 1.42
6 (tie) January–December 2014 0.78 1.40
6 (tie) February 2014–January 2015 0.78 1.40
8 December 2013–November 2014 0.77 1.39
9 November 2013–October 2014 0.74 1.33
10 (tie*) October 2013–September 2014 0.73 1.31

*ties with four other 12-month periods.  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for June 2015, published online July 2015, retrieved on July 22, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201506.

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Disasters Displace 3 Percent of World Population in 7 Years

Posted by feww on July 22, 2015

One person displaced by a disaster every second, while one in every 122 humans is a refugee!

An estimated one person has been displaced by a disaster every second since 2008, with 19.3 million people forced to flee their homes in 2014 alone.

In 2014, 17.5 million people were forced to flee their homes due to disasters caused by extreme  weather events such as storms and flooding, while 1.7 million by geophysical hazards, especially earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, said  the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) in its global report released this week.

The report argues that these drivers are increasing the number of people becoming displaced, and the risk that their displacement becomes a long-term problem. Today, the likelihood of being displaced by a disaster is 60% higher than it was four decades ago, and an analysis of 34 cases reveals that disaster displacement can last for up to 26 years.

People in both rich and poor countries can be caught in protracted, or long-term, displacement. In the US, over 56,000 people are still in need of housing assistance following Hurricane Sandy in 2012, and 230,000 people have been unable to establish new homes in Japan following the 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident.

Disasters displaced more than 19.3 million people in 100 countries last year, according to the NRC report.

  • Since 2008, an average of 26.4 million people have been displaced by disasters each year—equivalent to one person displaced every second.
  • Asia, home to 60% of the world’s population, and with 16.7 million people displaced, accounted for 87 per cent of the global total in 2014.
  • China, India and the Philippines experienced the highest levels of displacement in absolute terms, both in 2014 and for the 2008 to 2014 period.
  • Displacements of fewer than 100,000 people made up 95.4 per cent of the events recorded in 2014, but only 17 percent of the total number displaced.
  • Disasters caused by extreme weather events accounted for 86 percent of all displacements  in the 7-year report period (2008 to 2014), with the remaining 14 percent being due to geophysical events, such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
  • In 2014, Europe experienced double its average level of displacement for the past seven years. 190,000 people were displaced in 2014, mostly by flood disasters in the Balkans.

Mandatory evacuation zones in Fukushima prefecture
Via NRC/ IDMC. Japan’s triple disasters, Tōhoku earthquake, the massive tsunami and the nuclear meltdowns, forced more than 470,000 people to flee their homes, and four years later about 230,000 are still displaced. [The monkey government of warmongering Shinzo Abe is more interested in throwing obscene amounts of money at the arms industry, instead of building new homes for its displaced and traumatized people.] “The mental and physical health of IDPs has also deteriorated. A 2015 survey of evacuees revealed that many from both inside and outside official evacuation zones were suffering from sleeping disorders, anxiety, loneliness and depression. Fukushima is the only prefecture where the number of deaths resulting from health issues and suicides related to the disaster has exceeded the toll from the direct impacts of the earthquake and tsunami.”

World at War: One in Every 122 Humans is a Refugee

UNHCR’s annual Global Trends Report: World at War, released on June 18, 2015 said that worldwide displacement in 2014 was at the highest level ever recorded.

An astounding 59.5 million people, a population the size of Canada and Australia combined, were forcibly displaced at the end of 2014, compared to 51.2 million a year earlier and 37.5 million ten years ago.

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3.1 Million Iraqis Displaced by Violence

Posted by feww on July 22, 2015

 9 Percent of remaining Iraqi population now displaced

More than 3.1 million Iraqis have been internally displaced by the ongoing bloody conflict, said UN spokesperson on Tuesday.

At least 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar province including more than 250,000 individuals from Ramadi, the capital of governorate, since military operations began in April, said the UN Assistance (!) Mission for Iraq (UNAMI).

The DTM has identified 3,112,914 persons displaced by conflict in Iraq. The majority, 67 per cent, are sheltered in private settings that include rented housing, host families and hotels. A smaller but significant number, 20 per cent, are identified as living in critical shelter arrangements, which include unfinished buildings, religious buildings, informal settlements and schools. Eight per cent of those currently displaced in Iraq are living in camp settings.

A total of 1,466 Iraqis were killed and another 1,687 were injured in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict in June 2015, according to casualty figures released by UNAMI earlier this month.

In the first half 2015, at least 6,784 Iraqis were killed and 11,789 others wounded in acts of terrorism and violence.

Fighting to liberate the Anbar province continues between the Iraqi security forces, and the so-called Islamic State (ISIL) terrorists, better known as daesh , the thugs, assassins and murder mechanics left behind from the genocidal regime of Saddam-Hussein, who have seized most of the governorate.

*CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas.  Figures for casualties from Anbar Governorate are provided by the Health Directorate and are noted below. In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents.  UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of large numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care.  For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

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M4.0 Quake Strikes near Fremont, California

Posted by feww on July 21, 2015

Earthquake rattles Fremont, California

Centered at 37.581°N, 121.977°W, some 3km  NNE of Fremont, the quake struck at a depth of 8.1 km, reported USGS/EHP.

The event was followed by two aftershocks measuring 2.7 and 2,6Mw.

Fremont is the 4th largest city [pop: 235,000] in the San Francisco Bay area.

EQ Details
Magnitude: 4.4Mw
Location: 37.581°N, 121.977°W; depth=8.1 km (5.0 mi)
Date/Time: 2015-07-21 at 09:41:14 (UTC)
Nearby Cities:

  • 3km (2mi) NNE of Fremont, California
  • 4km (2mi) ESE of Union City, California
  • 7km (4mi) NE of Newark, California
  • 12km (7mi) SW of Pleasanton, California
  • 118km (73mi) SSW of Sacramento, California

Other Significant Earthquakes

M5.0 shakes Fukushima Nuke Plant

EQ Details ( Japan weather agency)
Magnitude: 5.0Mw
Location: 7.8N, 141.7E; depth=60 km (Offshore Fukushima prefecture)
Time/Date:  09:17 UTC  July 21, 2015

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Federal Disaster Declared for Kansas

Posted by feww on July 21, 2015

Kansas Declared Major Disaster Area

Kansas Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding (DR-4230)

The Disaster President has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Kansas in the areas affected by severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding during the period of May 4 to June 21, 2015. 

The areas that were worst affected by the extreme weather events include the following 42 counties: Atchison, Barton, Brown, Butler, Chase, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Clay, Cloud, Coffey, Cowley, Doniphan, Edwards, Elk, Ellsworth, Franklin, Gray, Greenwood, Harper, Haskell, Hodgeman, Jackson, Jefferson, Jewell, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, McPherson, Meade, Miami, Morris, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Pottawatomie, Republic, Rice, Stevens, Sumner, Wabaunsee, and Washington.

Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the territory and warranted by the results of further damage assessments.

This is the 26th Major Disaster Declaration [DR 4205-4230] proclaimed for a U.S. state/territory, so far this year. Additionally, the federal government has issued five Fire Management Assistance Declarations for the year to date, as of posting.

Fire Management Assistance Declarations (2015)

[5089] 07/20/2015 California North Fire
[5088] 07/06/2015 Idaho Cape Horn Fire
[5087] 06/29/2015 Washington Sleepy Hollow Fire
[5086] 06/17/2015 Arizona Kearney River Fire
[5085] 06/16/2015 Alaska Card Street Fire
[5084] 06/15/2015 Alaska Sockeye Fire

Related Links

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M4.4 Quake Strikes near Cherokee, Oklahoma

Posted by feww on July 21, 2015

Average of 20 earthquakes striking Oklahoma each day

Centered at 36.807°N, 98.197°W the quake struck at a depth of about 5km, reported USGS/EHP.

About 140 earthquakes, or an average of 20 earthquakes, measuring 2.5Mw or greater have struck the State of Oklahoma over the past 7 days.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 4.4Mw
Location: 36.807°N 98.197°W
Depth: 5.0 km
Time: 2015-07-20 20:19:04 UTC
Nearby Cities:

  • 15km (9mi) ENE of Cherokee, Oklahoma
  • 53km (33mi) NNW of Enid, Oklahoma
  • 99km (62mi) W of Ponca City, Oklahoma
  • 107km (66mi) WSW of Arkansas City, Kansas
  • 160km (99mi) NNW of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

 Related Links

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2014 Was Warmest Year on Record

Posted by feww on July 20, 2015

Climate markers continued to show global warming trend: NOAA

The most critical indicators of Earth’s changing climate continued to reflect warming trends in 2014, with several markers including rising land and ocean temperature, sea levels and greenhouse gases setting new records.

A new report compiled by NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate at the National Centers for Environmental Information is said to  provide a detailed update on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and other data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in space, according to a press release.

The report is based on contributions from 413 scientists from 58 countries.

“This report represents data from around the globe, from hundreds of scientists and gives us a picture of what happened in 2014. The variety of indicators shows us how our climate is changing, not just in temperature but from the depths of the oceans to the outer atmosphere,” said the Director for National Centers for Environmental Information.

Key highlights from the report include:

  • Greenhouse gases continued to climb: Major greenhouse gas concentrations, including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, continued to rise during 2014, once again reaching historic high values. Atmospheric CO2 concentrations increased by 1.9 ppm in 2014, reaching a global average of 397.2 ppm for the year. This compares with a global average of 354.0 in 1990 when this report was first published just 25 years ago.
  • Record temperatures observed near the Earth’s surface: Four independent global datasets showed that 2014 was the warmest year on record. The warmth was widespread across land areas. Europe experienced its warmest year on record, with more than 20 countries exceeding their previous records.  Mexico had its warmest year on record. Eastern North America was the only major region to experience below-average annual temperatures.
  • Sea surface temperatures were record high: The globally averaged sea surface temperature was the highest on record. The warmth was particularly notable in the North Pacific Ocean,
  • Global upper ocean heat content was record high: Globally, upper ocean heat content reached a record high for the year, reflecting the continuing accumulation of thermal energy in the upper layer of the oceans. Oceans absorb over 90 percent of Earth’s excess heat from greenhouse gas forcing.
  • Global sea level was record high: Global average sea level rose to a record high in 2014. This keeps pace with the 3.2 ± 0.4 mm per year trend in sea level growth observed over the past two decades.
  • The Arctic continued to warm; sea ice extent remained low: The Arctic experienced its fourth warmest year since records began in the early 20th century. Arctic snow melt occurred 20–30 days earlier than the 1998–2010 average. On the North Slope of Alaska, record high temperatures at 20-meter depth were measured at four of five permafrost observatories. The Arctic minimum sea ice extent reached 1.94 million square miles [5 million km²] on September 17, the sixth lowest since satellite observations began in 1979. The eight lowest minimum sea ice extents during this period have occurred in the last eight years..

Full report is posted at   http://www2.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/bulletin-of-the-american-meteorological-society-bams/state-of-the-climate/state-of-climate-in-2014/

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Deadly Heatwaves Plague Europe

Posted by feww on July 19, 2015

Extreme heat continues to scorch much of Europe, killing hundreds and igniting forest fires in Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain…

Health authorities in Italy have issued a level-3 “red alert” for at least 22 cities, while the fire authorities in Liguria placed the entire region under a forest fire alert as the elevated temperatures brought by the latest heatwave dubbed “Caronte,” and dry conditions posed significant risks.

Record temperatures in northwestern Italy have killed at least 140 senior citizens during the first ten days of July, according to data from the environmental agency, Arpa Piedmont, said a report.

“July 2015 has everything it takes to be among the hottest ever,” says a meteorologist with 3bmeteo. “[We are experiencing]  the most intense heat wave in 70 years.”

The extreme heat has caused a fall in production across Italian farms. Milk production in Italy fell by more than 50 million in the first two weeks of July due to the heat stressing the dairy cows, said a report.

Temperatures in many parts of Europe have been persistently above average by as much as 6ºC for more than three weeks.

Some 60,000 residents of Troyes, a town in the Champagne region of France, woke up in a sweat as the temperature climbed from 24ºC to 33°C, an increase of 9ºC (or 16.2 degrees F), in just one hour (between midnight and 1.00 am), in a phenomena called a heat burst, said a report.

An earlier heatwave that hit France between June 29 and July 5 left 700 dead and thousands more hospitalized, said a report quoting the country’s Ministry of Health.

 Related Links

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Federal Disaster Declared for Colorado

Posted by feww on July 19, 2015

Colorado Declared Major Disaster Area

Colorado Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Flooding, Landslides, and Mudslides (DR-4229)

The Disaster President has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Colorado in the areas affected by severe storms, tornadoes, flooding, landslides, and mudslides during the period of May 4 to June 16, 2015.

The areas that were worst affected by the extreme weather events include the eleven counties of Baca, Elbert, El Paso, Fremont, Logan, Morgan, Pueblo, Saguache, Sedgwick, Washington, and Yuma.

Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the territory and warranted by the results of further damage assessments.

This is the 25th Major Disaster Declaration [DR 4205-4229] proclaimed for a U.S. state/territory, so far this year. Additionally, the federal government has issued five Fire Management Assistance Declarations for the year to date, as of posting.

Fire Management Assistance Declarations (2015)

[5088] 07/06/2015 Idaho Cape Horn Fire
[5087] 06/29/2015 Washington Sleepy Hollow Fire
[5086] 06/17/2015 Arizona Kearney River Fire
[5085] 06/16/2015 Alaska Card Street Fire
[5084] 06/15/2015 Alaska Sockeye Fire

Related Links

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FIRE-EARTH Q&A DAY: Planetary Defense Systems – Phase 2

Posted by feww on July 18, 2015

CJ Members

Earth’s Planetary Defense Systems – Phase 2

What to expect: Critical evaluation of Earth’s defense workings (Part I)

  • FIRE-EARTH Q&A TODAY will start @ 18:02 UTC.

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Wildfire Races across I-15, Ignites Vehicles

Posted by feww on July 18, 2015

UPDATED

“Hellfire” in Cajon Pass, Calif.

A fast-moving wildfire swept 15 Freeway in  San Bernardino County, igniting cars, trucks and even a boat, and destroying homes, according to local reports.

The fierce blaze destroyed or damaged dozens of cars and burned several homes near the 15 Freeway, the main route between Los Angeles and Las Vegas, which was packed with weekend travelers, said reports.

The fire had consumed about 3,600 acres and was spreading rapidly through the chaparral and grass on Friday, said a spokesperson for the U.S. Forest Service (USFS).

USFS researchers surveyed 4.2 million acres of trees in the Angeles, Cleveland, San Bernardino and Los Padres national forests recently and found more than 2 million trees had died due to the drought and bark beetle infestation.

The North Fire

The North Fire started at about 2:33 pm on Friday July 17 near Interstate 15 north of Highway 138. It is approximately 3,500 acres in size and now 5% contained. Multiple vehicles on Interstate 15 caught on fire when the North Fire crossed southbound lanes. 20 vehicles including two semi’s were destroyed, 10 vehicles were damaged; however no injuries were reported.

4 structures were reported as destroyed.

Mandatory evacuations are in place for the Baldy Mesa areas:
East of Sheep Creek Road
North of Hwy 138
West of I-15/Hwy 395
South of Phelan Road

Resources responding include 1,000 firepersons, said InciWeb.

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Powerful Earthquake Strikes Santa Cruz Islands

Posted by feww on July 18, 2015

3rd Revision by yet another seismologist (!)
M7.0; 10.38S, 165.20E ; depth=10km 

M7.2 Strikes WNW of Lata, Solomon Islands

Centered at 10.38ºS, 165.19ºE the quake occurred at a depth of about 2km, reported emsc-csem.org

Pacific Tsunami center has issued the following statement:

TSUNAMI EVALUATION

BASED ON THE PRELIMINARY EARTHQUAKE PARAMETERS… HAZARDOUS
TSUNAMI WAVES ARE POSSIBLE FOR COASTS LOCATED WITHIN 300 KM OF
THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER.

TSUNAMI THREAT FORECAST

* HAZARDOUS TSUNAMI WAVES FROM THIS EARTHQUAKE ARE POSSIBLE WITHIN 300 KM OF THE EPICENTER ALONG THE COASTS OF SOLOMON ISLANDS

EQ Details

Magnitude: 7.2Mw
Region: SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS
Date/time: 2015-07-18 at 02:27:31.9 UTC
Location: 10.38ºS ; 165.19ºE
Depth 2 km
Distances 584 km E of Honiara, Solomon Islands / pop: 56,298 / local time: 13:27:31.9 2015-07-18
358 km E of Kirakira, Solomon Islands / pop: 1,122 / local time: 13:27:31.9 2015-07-18

Aftershocks

M5.1, 10.31S,164.96E 2015-07-18 at 04:30:04.3; depth=2km
M4.9, 10.31S,165.08E 2015-07-18 at 03:32:34.9; depth=2km

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Mt Gamalama Erupts

Posted by feww on July 17, 2015

Another Indonesian volcano erupting, more airports shut

Mt Gamalama in Ternate, North Maluku, erupted Thursday morning local time, releasing large clouds of ejecta more than 1.5km into the sky.

At least five Indonesian airports are now closed due to eruptions at Raung and Gamalama volcanoes:

The airports serving Surabaya and Malang in East Java, near Raung volcano and Ternate in North Maluku, near Gamalama volcano.

Airports in Banyuwangi and Jember near Raung volcano have remained closed since last week.

Additionally, Juanda International Airport and Abdurahman Saleh Airport were also closed temporarily, Antara News reported.

GAMALAMA Volcano

The 1,715-meter volcano comprises the entire island of Ternate, located in Maluku Islands, Indonesia.

A 1775 eruption killed an estimated 1,500 people. in 2011, several people were killed and many more were injured from lahar after a weeks of activity.

In December 2014, a thick layer of ash ejected from the volcano forced the closure of Babullah Airport in Ternate.

Volcanology of Java

Made up almost entirely of volcanic eruptions, the island of Java contains dozens of volcanoes including at least 45 that are considered to be “active” volcanoes.

Related Links

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M6.4 Quake Strikes Barbados Region, Windward Islands

Posted by feww on July 16, 2015

Strong earthquake strikes NE of Bridgetown, Barbados

Centered at 13.87N, 58.64W about 119km NE of Bathsheba, the quake occurred at a depth of about 2km, emsc-csem.org reported.

Magnitude:  6.4Mw
Region: BARBADOS REGION, WINDWARD ISL.
Date/time: 2015-07-16 at 15:16:31.4 UTC
Location 13.87 N, 58.64 W
Depth 2 km
Distances:

  • 136 km NE of Bridgetown, Barbados / pop: 98,511
  • 119 km NE of Bathsheba / pop: 1,765

Foreshock:
5.7Mw 13.88N, 58.53W on 2015-07-16 at11:01:47.3, depth=15km
Aftershock:
5.2Mw, 13.94N, 58.51W on 2015-07-16 at 15:36:18.8, depth=40km

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Drought Destroys Crops in Florida, Idaho , Montana, Utah, Washington & Puerto Rico

Posted by feww on July 16, 2015

Drought Disaster: Crop Disasters Declared for 90 U.S. counties and municipalities

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated 76 additional counties across five states—Florida, Idaho, Montana, Utah and Washington—as well as 14 municipalities in Puerto Rico, as crop disaster areas due to losses caused by drought.

The disaster designations are as follows:

Drought Crop Disaster Designation #1

  • Florida: Broward, Collier, Hendry, Miami-Dade, Monroe and Palm Beach counties.

Drought Crop Disaster Designation #2

  • Idaho: Benewah, Bonner, Boundary, Clearwater, Idaho, Kootenai, Lewis, Latah, Nez Perce and Shoshone counties.
  • Montana: Lincoln, Mineral, Missoula and Sanders counties.
  • Washington: Pend Oreille, Spokane and Whitman counties.

Drought Crop Disaster Designation #3

  • Montana: Beaverhead, Broadwater, Cascade, Chouteau, Deer Lodge, Flathead, Glacier, Granite, Jefferson, Lake, Lewis and Clark, Liberty, Lincoln, Madison, Meagher, Mineral, Missoula, Pondera, Powell, Ravalli, Sanders, Silver Bow, Teton and Toole counties.
  • Idaho: Bonner, Clark, Fremont, Lemhi, Boundary, Clearwater, Idaho and Shoshone counties.

Drought Crop Disaster Designation #4

  • Puerto Rico: Aguas Buenas, Caguas, Canovanas, Carolina, Cayey, Cidra, Gurabo, Juncos, Las Piedras, Patillas, San Juan, San Lorenzo, Trujillo Alto and Yabucoa municipalities.

Drought Crop Disaster Designation #5

  • Utah: Duchesne, Salt Lake, Summit, Utah and Wasatch counties.

Drought Crop Disaster Designation #6

  • Washington:  Chelan, Douglas, Ferry, Grant, Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend Oreille, Skagit, Spokane, Stevens, Whatcom and Whitman counties.

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 1,451 counties across 22 states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington and Wyoming.

USDA has also designated 14 municipalities in Puerto Rico as drought disaster areas.

About 99 percent of the 2015 crop disaster designations so far are due to drought.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on July 15, 2015 .

Related Links

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Deadly Typhoon NANGKA Striking Japan

Posted by feww on July 16, 2015

Deadly NANGKA barrels toward Shikoku, Japan

Typhoon NANGKA, the season’s 11th typhoon, is making landfall on Japan’s Shikoku island, prompting the authorities to evacuate up to a third of a million people in 11 prefectures, with more than 1.5 million others on standby to evacuate their homes, if necessary.

Flash floods triggered by the powerful typhoon have already killed at least two people, and left about 20 others injured, locals have reported.

Torrential rains brought by NANGKA [Malaysian name for the Jack fruit, no reason given for the choice of name,] have already caused multiple landslides in several prefectures, and forced Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways to cancel hundreds of domestic flights. Many train cancellations were also reported.

Japan’s weather agency has issued Warnings or Advisories for the entire country, with storm, high waves, heavy rain,
flooding, storm surge, thunderstorm and/or ground-loosening inundation topping the typhoon’s list of impacts.

NANGA was on course to hit the island of Shikoku at about midnight local time [UTC+ 9.00  hrs,] before slamming the main island of Honshu, on Friday.

TY 1511 (NANGKA) – issued by Japan’s weather agency at 12:50UTC on July 16, 2015

Scale: Large
Intensity: Strong
Center position: N33°00′(33.0°), E134°20′(134.3°)
Direction and movement speed: N 20km/h(10kt)
Central pressure: 960hPa
Maximum wind speed near the center: 35m/s(70kt)
Maximum wind gust: 50m/s(100kt)

The weather agency has forecast total rainfall amounts of up to 800mm on Shikoku, 600mm in nearby prefectures of Osaka, Nagoya and the neighboring areas, as well as 300mm in the Tokyo region in the 24 hours through noon Friday.

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Kentucky Declares State of Emergency

Posted by feww on July 16, 2015

Deadly Storms sweep through Kentucky causing widespread damage

Severe storms have left at least 5 people dead and 6 others missing, causing widespread damage in the State of Kentucky and prompting Gov. Beshear to declare a state of emergency.

Part of a statement posted on the State website read:

According to the Kentucky Division of Emergency Management (KYEM), numerous counties were impacted by Monday’s storms that caused flash flooding. Areas reported with the heaviest damage include Johnson and Rowan counties. In Johnson County, one fatality was reported, and state and local rescue workers there continue to search for others who are missing or unaccounted for. In Rowan County, homes were also damaged by floods, and minor injuries were reported.

The Kentucky National Guard, KYEM and Red Cross officials are on the ground in Johnson County and will continue to monitor areas statewide for further reports of damage. The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet on Monday waived certain highway restrictions for out-of-state utility vehicles traveling nationally to areas with widespread power outages. Shelters are in place in Rowan, Johnson and Jefferson counties.

Flash floods in Indiana reportedly killed at least one person, according to local reports.

Kentucky has already been declared a major disaster area three times, so far this year.

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Super Clusters of Low-Level Seismicity Could Swamp Oklahoma

Posted by feww on July 15, 2015

VHF bursts of earth tremors could significantly affect Oklahoma: FIRE-EARTH Forecast

Fire-Earth Models show recurring swarms of intense seismicity, very large bursts of tremors striking repeatedly, could plague the State of Oklahoma.

EoF.

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Alaska Wildfires Setting New Record?

Posted by feww on July 15, 2015

UPDATED

Alaska’s fire season 2015 now 5th* largest on record

Alaska’s fire season could continue later into the year than is normally expected due to  elevated conditions that are currently in place, said Predictive Services National Interagency Fire Center.

Alaska’s fire season normally starts from April 1 through August 31.

10 Largest fire seasons on record in Alaska since 1939 [Source: AK Forestry; estimates by FIRE-EARTH]

1) 2004 – 6,590,140 acres – 701 fires
2) 1957 – 5,049,661 acres – 391 fires
3) 1939 – 5,000,000 acres – 200 fires
4) 2005 – 4,649,597 acres – 624 fires
5) 2015 – 4,500,100 acres –  675 fires [*Estimated by FIRE-EARTH]
[Official record for the year-to-date fires stands at 671 fires burning total of 4,447,182 acres as of July 12, 2015.]
6) 1940 – 4,500,000 acres – 130 fires
7) 1969 – 4,231,820 acres – 685 fires
8) 1941 – 3,654,774 acres – 138 fires
9) 1990 – 3,189,079 acres – 750 fires
10) 2009 – 2,934,608 acres – 516 fires

As of July 2, some 750 wildfires [obviously, the figure has  been revised since] had burned an estimated 2.4 million acres in Alaska, “which is at pace with the 2004 season when 6.59 million acres burned,” Kale Casey, a public information officer for the Alaska Interagency Coordination Center. “In addition to the dry season we’re having, we’ve had a huge amount of lightning—about 6,000 to 10,000 bolts per day. There was three-day period in June where we had over 31,000 lightning strikes.”

U.S. Fire Stats

National Preparedness Level 3 – as of June 26, 2015 at 10 a.m. MDT (on a scale from 1 to 5)

July 14, 2015

Six new large fires were reported yesterday, four in Alaska and one in Florida and Montana. Large fires burned actively yesterday in Alaska. The Sea and Chahalie fires both burned more than 50,000 acres each yesterday.

  • Number of new large fires: 6
  • States currently reporting large fires:
    • Alaska (22)
    • California (1)
    • Florida (2)
    • Idaho (2)
    • Montana (2)
    • Oregon (2)
    • Washington (5)

Year-to-date statistics  2015 (1/1/15 – 7/14/15)

  • Fires: 31,974
  • Acres: 5,196,033
  • Acres from active fires: 1,637,893
  • Annual average prior 10 years (2005-2014)
  • Fires: 40,722
  • Acres: 2,987,569  More…

Related Links

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Switzerland Under Heatwave, Ozone Alerts

Posted by feww on July 14, 2015

Heatwave, danger of forest fire, hazardous levels of ozone pollution plague Switzerland

All of Switzerland’s 26 cantons are under alerts for at least two of the following hazards: “heatwave,” “danger of forest fire,” and “hazardous levels of ozone pollution, as of posting.

Record-setting heat could hit southern Ticino this week, according to several models. The temperature in Villa Luganese rose to 33.6ºC on Tuesday.

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