Fire Earth

Mass die-offs from anthropogenic assault on Earth, and planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin by 2016

Do NOT Readjust Your Timepiece!

Posted by feww on April 4, 2015

UPDATED

CJ Members

Our models detect an anomaly in spacetime

FIRE-EARTH Models have detected an anomaly  in spacetime which has caused a series of expansions and contractions in “temporal dimension” starting at 23:57:43 UTC on April 3, 2015.

The anomaly (“ripples”) may have been caused by gravitational waves.

No. of expansions detected as of 14:57:00 on April 4 = One

Max. Expansion Sample = 1.799809653365

No. of contractions detected as of 14:57:00 = Three

Contraction Sample = 0.819228778225

According to the above, we all lived longer by about 4.3435027474 time units on April 4.

More details will be released via FIRE-EARTH Bulletins, as additional data become available.

 

 

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Sierra Nevada Snowpack Virtually Vanished

Posted by feww on April 4, 2015

‘NO Snow Whatsoever’ at Phillips Snow Course—first time in 75 years

No snow whatsoever was found at 6,800 feet (2,073m) in the Sierra Nevada this week, reported the California Department of Water Resources (DWR). This was the first early-April measurement that found no snow at Phillips Station in 75 years.

04-01-15-Snow_Survey_3
At an elevation of 6,800 feet, Phillips Station in the Sierra has been measured since 1941, with an average April 1 snow depth of 66.5 inches. Today was the first early-April measurement that found no snow at Phillips, an indication, Governor Brown said, of the drought’s extreme severity. Statewide, the snowpack’s water content is just 5 percent of average for April 1, breaking the previous record of 25 percent in 1977 and 1991. Brown observed the manual survey, which confirmed electronic readings showing the statewide snowpack with less water content than any early-April since 1950. DWR Photography Kelly Grow and Florence Low.  Copyright © 2015 State of California.

  • The Sierra snowpack traditionally is at its peak in early April before it begins to melt.
  • The statewide snowpack currently holds less than 1.4 inches of water content, or less than 5 percent of the historical average of 28.3 inches for April 1.
  • The previous low for the date was 25 percent in 2014 and 1977.
  • The Phillips snow course has averaged 66.5 inches in early April since first readings in 1941.

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Saudi Air War Massacre Kills Hundreds in Yemen

Posted by feww on April 3, 2015

UPDATED

Hundreds killed, many wounded, tens of thousands displaced amid Saudi air raids in Yemen

At least 519 people have been killed, about 1,700 others wounded in the past two weeks—more than 90 of them children—and tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes, some by crossing the sea to Djibouti and Somalia, said Valerie Amos, the UN Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator in her latest statement on Yemen.

Electricity, water and essential medicines are in short supply, she added.

“Before this recent escalation in the violence, millions of Yemenis were already extremely vulnerable.”

The Air War Massacre Will Backfire

Saudi military air war massacre against the defenseless Yemen people will ultimately backfire, says journalist Thomas C. Mountain.

“In 2009 the Saudi military’s incompetence was exposed when their major offensive against the Houthi’s along the Saudi/Yemen border was routed and in the following Houthi counter offensive a large chunk of Saudi territory was captured by the lightly armed Houthi fighters.”

“Still stinging from their last military humiliation 6 years ago at the hands of the Houthi tribal fighters in Yemen, the Saudi Arabian royal family has embarked on what is highly likely to turn into Saudi’s ‘Vietnam’ with their latest attempt at invading Yemen.”

Houthis, having seized the presidential palace in Aden on Thursday, are now threatening to attack Saudi Arabia, should the aerial bombardment of Yemeni territory continue, said reports.

Even the U.S. should be weary of Saudi misadventures by now.

Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Kenya attack: 147 killed 80 wounded

At least 147 people, mostly students, were killed after al-Shabab terrorists attacked Garissa University in northeastern Kenya Thursday, said reports.

Heavily armed terrorists stormed the university campus, killing several security guards and firing indiscriminately on students.

The group was also responsible for the 2013 terrorist attack on Westgate shopping mall in the Westlands suburb of Nairobi, in which 67 people were massacred.

Iraqi Death Toll – March 2015

A total of 997 Iraqis were killed and another 2,172 were wounded in acts of terrorism and violence in March*, according to casualty figures released by UNAMI,

  • At least 729 civilians were killed (including 42 civilian police), and 1,785 others wounded (including 98 civilian police).
  • Also 268 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (including Peshmerga, SWAT and militias fighting alongside the Iraqi Army / Not including casualties from Anbar Operations) were killed and 387 others were wounded.
  • Baghdad was the worst affected Governorate with 1,290 civilian casualties (362 killed, 928 wounded). Diyala suffered 51 killed and 75 wounded; Salahadin suffered 34 killed and 48 wounded, and Ninewa 20 killed and 15 wounded, said UNAMI.
  • In Anbar, the Governorate reported a total of 939 civilian casualties (237 killed and 702 wounded). This included 58 killed and 391 wounded in Ramadi and 179 killed and 311 wounded in Fallujah, according to information obtained by UNAMI from the Health Directorate.

*CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas.  Figures for casualties from Anbar Governorate are provided by the Health Directorate and are noted above. In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents.  UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of large numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care.  For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

Mount Sinabung Erupts

North Sumatra’s Mount Sinabung erupted again on April 3, 2015 ejecting a 2-km column of ash into the air and forcing evacuations of several villages closest to the volcano, official said on  Friday.

The 2,460-meter thigh volcano is located about 40 km NNW of the Lake Toba, the site of Toba supervolcano.

Toba’s latest supereruption, which occurred about 70,000 years (73,000 ± 4,000) ago, may have plunged Earth into a global volcanic winter of 6–10 years and possibly a 1,000-year-long cooling episode, according to Toba catastrophe theory.

It had an estimated volcanic explosivity index (VEI) of 8 (described as “Apocalyptic”), and was responsible for 2,800km³ of erupted matter, including 800 km³ of volcanic ash.

[FIRE-EARTH models show total erupted matter from the supereruption may have been as much as 20,000 km³.]

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Drought Crop Disaster Declared in Utah

Posted by feww on April 3, 2015

8 Counties in Utah declared drought crop disaster areas 

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated eight additional counties in Utah as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by drought.

The latest crop disaster areas include Davis, Box Elder, Cache, Morgan, Rich, Salt Lake, Tooele and Weber counties.

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 948 counties across 20  states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia and West Virginia.

Majority of the 2015 crop disaster designations so far are due to drought.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on April 1, 2015.

U.S. Drought Spreads

drought comparison map - population data
U.S. Drought Population Data. Source: U.S. Drought Monitor

Drought Severity
D0 – Abnormally Dry || D1 Drought – Moderate || D2 Drought – Severe || D3 Drought – Extreme || D4 Drought – Exceptional

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Major Disaster Declared for Tennessee

Posted by feww on April 3, 2015

Tennessee Declared Federal Disaster Area

Tennessee Severe Winter Storm and Flooding (DR-4211)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the state of Tennessee due to the area affected by a severe winter storm and flooding during the period of February 15-22, 2015.

Areas in the Volunteer State worst affected by severe winter storm and flooding include  Anderson, Bedford, Bledsoe, Blount, Campbell, Clay, Coffee, Cumberland, Fentress, Giles, Grainger, Grundy, Hamblen, Hancock, Hardeman, Jefferson, Knox, Lawrence, Loudon, Marshall, McMinn, McNairy, Meigs, Monroe, Moore, Morgan, Obion, Overton, Putnam, Roane, Scott, Sevier, Van Buren, Warren, and White counties.

Additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments, said the Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area.

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Monster Sandstorm Plagues UAE, Gulf Region

Posted by feww on April 2, 2015

Massive sandstorm disruption air traffic throughout Gulf region

Large, blinding plumes of orange haze blanketing Saudi Arabia on Wednesday moved east severely reducing visibility and forcing authorities to cancel flights in Dubai, Abu Dhabi,  Bahrain and Qatar, according to local reports.

“According to followed procedures, domestic and international flights at both King Abdullah Airports of Jazan, Abha, Wadi Aldwasir, Bisha, Sharourah and Najran, have been suspended temporarily starting from Thursday morning until further notice,” the official Saudi Press Agency, SPA, quoted the authorities as saying.

“Normal operations have been disrupted at Dubai International [world’s busiest in 2014 with nearly 71 million passengers] and Al Maktoum International due to bad weather across the GCC,” Dubai Airports said on its website.

Warning motorist about the poor visibility, the UAE National Center for Meteorology and Seismology (NCMS) said, “brisk and strong winds are aggravating the effect of sand and dust, causing a near complete lack of vision in daylight.”

Authorities in Qatar and Saudi Arabia ordered schools to close, citing “extreme weather conditions.”

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California Drought: Brown Orders First Ever Statewide Water Cutbacks

Posted by feww on April 2, 2015

UPDATED

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENTS
CRIPPLING DROUGHT IN CALIFORNIA
NEAR ZERO SNOWPACK WATER CONTENT
WATER FAMINE
CROP DISASTERS
STATE OF EMERGENCY
.

Statewide water content of Sierra snowpack drops to 5 percent of April 1st average

Worsening drought has forced California governor to implement the first mandatory water cutbacks in the parched state’s history, ordering residents and businesses to cut water use by 25 percent.

At just five percent of average for April 1, the snowpack water content  is at its lowest level since records began, reported California Department of Water Resources.

On April 1, 2015, the California Department of Water Resources measured the statewide water content of Sierra snowpack at five percent of average for April 1st. These levels are lower than any year in records going back to 1950. The April 1 snowpack measurement is crucial because this is when the snowpack is normally at its peak and begins to melt into streams and reservoirs. Snowpack, through runoff, provides about one-third of the water used by California’s cities and farms.

California’s 2014 Water Year, which ended September 30, 2014, was the third driest in 119 years of record. It also was the warmest year on record.

calif--folsom-lake-drought-Jan2014
Located at the base of the Sierra foothills in Northern California’s Placer, El Dorado, and Sacramento Counties, Folsom Lake Reservoir is one of California’s most popular recreation areas with more than 2.5 million visitors annually. Releases from the reservoir, managed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation as part of the Central Valley Project, go to the nearby American River for urban use, flood control, hydropower, fish and wildlife, and water quality purposes. USGS Image by David Pratt. 

“We are standing on dried grass, and we should be standing in five feet of snow,” said Mr Brown, speaking in the Sierra Nevada mountains.

“People should realize we’re in a new era. The idea of your nice little green grass getting lots of water everyday—that’s going to be a thing of the past,” he said, adding that the cutbacks would save about 1.5 million acre-feet (~ 1.85 cubic kilometer) of water this year.

Mr Brown declared a statewide drought state of emergency on January 17, 2014.

California Snow Water Equivalent: Statewide Summary

Data For: 01-Apr-2015
Number of Stations Reporting: 97
Average snow water equivalent: 1.4″ (3.5 cm)
Percent of April 1 Average: 5%
Percent of normal for this date: 5%

Oil Industry in California Wastes 2 Million Gallons of Water Each Day

“Each day, the oil and gas industry uses more than 2 million gallons of water on average in California on dangerous extraction techniques such as fracking, acidizing, and cyclic steam injection. At a time when California is facing the worst drought on record, when farmers and cities are both struggling to find ways to conserve water, the oil and gas industry continues to use, contaminate, and dispose of staggering amounts of precious water resources each day,” says the environmental activist group Californians Against Fracking.

Brown’s order, however, neither requires the frackers to cut their water usage, nor calls for a freeze, at least temporarily, on the tremendously water intensive process of fracking say the activists.

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US ‘War on Terror’ Kills 1.3 Million

Posted by feww on April 1, 2015

Body Count: Casualty Figures after 10 Years of “War on Terror”

A new report on the so-called “War on Terror” heavily criticizes the United States and its allies, as well as mainstream media, for grossly and intentionally underreporting the violent deaths in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan since 2003.

The 101-page report, called “Body Count,” is prepared by 1985 Nobel Peace Prize laureates,
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), and other organizations.

Evaluating both the legitimacy of the war on Iraq and its impact, the report states: “The original pretexts for going to war quickly turned out to be spurious, and from then on only the ‘liberation of the country from a violent dictatorship’ and the ‘democratization’ and ‘stabilization’ of Iraq remained as justification for the war and occupation.”

It concludes that the so-called war on terror has, “directly or indirectly, killed around 1 million people in Iraq, 220,000 in Afghanistan and 80,000 in Pakistan,” a total of about 1.3 million souls. “Not included in this figure are [the casualties in] further war zones such as Yemen.” However, “the public, experts and decision makers” remain unaware of the figure because only a small fraction of the casualties have been reported by the media and major NGOs.

In fact, the figure of 1.3 million casualties is only a “conservative estimate,” says the report. The total number of deaths in the three countries could well exceed the 2 million mark.

“The numbers relayed by the media (previously 43,000 and now 110,000) should in themselves be terrifying enough, as they correspond to the annihilation of an entire city’s population. But apparently they are still perceived as tolerable and, moreover, even easy to explain given the picture of excessive religiously motivated violence. The figure of 655,000 deaths in the first three war years alone, however, clearly points to a crime against humanity approaching genocide,” says the report.

Global Disasters / Significant Events – April 1, 2015

Saudi Arabia’s airstrike on Yemen kills dozens in dairy factory: Reports

A deadly airstrike by Saudi Arabia and other Sunni Muslim states on Yemen’s Red Sea port of Hodaida has destroyed a dairy factory killing at least 37 people and injuring more than 80 others, reported TASS. The attack resulted in probably the largest number of civilian casualties so far in the Saudi-led campaign against Houthi militia.

ISIS terrorists massacre dozens in Syrian village: Reports

Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) thugs killed at least 44 people, mostly civilians, in an attack on a Syrian village, media reported the Syrian state TV as saying.

The massacre in the village of Mabuja was the latest atrocity by the Sunni thugs, who released a video of beheading eight men said to be Shia Muslims from the province of Hama, said the reports.

 

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Super Typhoon MAYSAK Turns Deadly

Posted by feww on April 1, 2015

State of Emergency Declared in Chuuk, FSM

Super Typhoon MAYSAK cut a swath of devastation across the central Pacific, killing at least eight people and prompting the governor to declare a state of emergency for the Micronesian state, said the FSM President Manny Mori.

MAYSAK has destroyed crops and contaminated water supplies, causing extensive damage to “schools, health facilities, public utilities, private residences”, he said, adding that the super typhoon was also responsible for “the sinking of several fishing, passenger and dive ships.”

It struck Chuuk Sunday night with sustained winds of 260 km/h before crossing the vast Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), battering the Yap group of islands on Wednesday and heading out to sea towards the Philippines, said reports.

Meantime, PAGASA  said the eye of MAYSAK, now downgraded to a Cat. 4-equivalent typhoon, had been located at 11.3°N, 136.4°E, or 1,165 km east of Guiuan, Eastern Samar  at 16:00 local time today. It  had maximum sustained winds of 190 km/h near the center with gusts of up to 225 km/h, and was moving WNW at 20 km/h.

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Major Disaster Declared for West Virginia

Posted by feww on April 1, 2015

West Virginia Declared Federal Disaster Area

West Virginia Severe Winter Storm, Flooding, Landslides, and Mudslides (DR-4210)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of West Virginia in the areas affected by a severe winter storm, flooding, landslides, and mudslides during the period of March 3-6, 2015.

Areas in the Mountain State worst affected by the impact of a severe winter storm, flooding, landslides, and mudslides include the counties of Barbour, Boone, Braxton, Cabell, Doddridge, Gilmer, Harrison, Jackson, Kanawha, Lewis, Lincoln, Logan, Marshall, McDowell, Mingo, Monongalia, Putnam, Raleigh, Ritchie, Roane, Summers, Tyler, Upshur, Wayne, Webster, Wetzel, Wirt, Wood, and Wyoming.

Additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments, said the Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area.

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MAYSAK Morphs into Super Typhoon

Posted by feww on March 31, 2015

Super Typhoon MAYSAK to make landfall over central or southern Luzon

The Category 5-equivalent Super Typhoon “MAYSAK” is expected to make landfall over central or southern Luzon by Sunday afternoon, reported the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA).

MAYSAK is currently packing packing sustained winds of about 260 km/h with gusts of more than 315 km/h at its center.

The first super typhoon of the northwest Pacific’s season is forecast to reach maximum strength Wednesday afternoon, peaking at sustained winds of about 290 km/h, with gusts of near 355-km/h, as it exits Yap State and heads toward northern Luzon island, according to JTWC and other models.

 

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Significant Quakes Strike Solomon Islands, PNG

Posted by feww on March 31, 2015

FIRE-EARTH ALERT

HEIGHTENED SEISMICITY and ENHANCED VOLCANISM in the Pacific Ring of Fire

The latest seismic activity across the Oceania may have signaled the start of a new phase of HEIGHTENED SEISMICITY and ENHANCED VOLCANISM in the Pacific Ring of Fire, according to FIRE-EARTH models..

Earthquakes occur near Kirakira, Solomon Islands, Kokopo and Taron, PNG

EQ Details [USGS/EHP]

  • M5.9, 61km SSE of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-31 at 12:18:24 UTC depth=32.7km [4.847°S, 152.507°E]
  • M5.6, 69km SW of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-31 at 12:15:21 UTC depth=35.0km [4.918°S, 152.593°E]
  • M5.8, 77km SE of Kirakira, Solomon Islands 2015-03-31 at 12:10:43 UTC depth=47.6km [10.914°S, 162.452°E]

FIRE-EARTH ALERT

CJ Members:

FIRE-EARTH Model diagnostic discussion are scheduled at the following times

  • Wednesday, April 1, 2015  at 08:32, 16:32 and 22:32UTC
  • Thursday, April 2, 2015 at 06:32, 18:32 and 22:32UTC
  • Friday, April 3, 2015 at 08:32, 16:32 and 22:32UTC

 Related Links

Strong Quakes Strike ENE of Hihifo, Tonga
 March 30, 2015

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Hurricane Force Winds Batter Netherlands

Posted by feww on March 31, 2015

Major air and sea traffic disruptions as hurricane-force winds batter N. Europe

Hurricane-force westerly winds, with gusts of up to 120 km/h sweeping in from the North Sea, disrupted air, land and marine traffic throughout the Netherlands, prompting the Dutch meteorological office (KNMI) to issue a “code red” warning for the country’s coastal provinces.

Some ferry services and scores of flights to and from Schiphol airport were cancelled, local media reported.

The flight cancellations were the second in three days, following a major power outage at Schiphol Airport on March 27, which also led to air traffic chaos.

Authorities also closed two container terminals at the port of Rotterdam, forcing ships to queue out at sea.

 

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Explosive Activity Continues at Sheveluch Volcano

Posted by feww on March 30, 2015

Sheveluch ejects a 10-km column of ash into air

Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team has posted the following report on its website:

Explosive-extrusive eruption of the volcano continues. Ash explosions up to 32,800 ft (10 km) a.s.l. could occur at any time. Ongoing activity could affect international and low-flying aircraft.

A growth of the lava dome continues (a viscous lava flow effuse on the northern its flank), fumarolic activity and an incandescence of the dome blocks and hot avalanches accompanies this process. Strong explosive events occurred on March 20, 22 and 25: ash clouds rose up to 7-10 km a.s.l. Satellite data showed: ash plumes drifted more 600 km to the north, east, and south-east and south of the volcano on March 20-22 and 25-26; a thermal anomaly was noting over the lava dome all week.
http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/kvert/volc.php?lang=en&name=Sheveluch

SHEVELUCH VOLCANO (CAVW #300270)
56.64 N, 161.32 E; Elevation 10,768 ft (3,283 m), the dome elevation ~8,200 ft (2,500 m)
Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Kamchatca Volcanoes
Real-time seismic data (from the Kamchatkan Branch of Geophysical Survey RAS: http:www.emsd.ru)

Aviation color codes:
SHEVELUCH, KARYMSKY, ZHUPANOVSKY: ORANGE
KLYUCHEVSKOY, BEZYMIANNY: YELLOW

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Strong Quakes Strike ENE of Hihifo, Tonga

Posted by feww on March 30, 2015

Strong quakes occur SW of Apia, Samoa

The quakes may have signaled the start of a new phase of heightened seismicity in the Pacific Ring of Fire, according to FIRE-EARTH models.

EQ Details [USGS/EHP]

M6.5;  99km ENE of Hihifo, Tonga 2015-03-30 at 08:48:26 UTC,  depth=15.5 km
[99km (62mi) ENE of Hihifo, Tonga; 224km (139mi) SW of Apia, Samoa]
M6.4; 109km NE of Hihifo, Tonga 2015-03-30 08:18:00 UTCd depth=11.5 km
[109km (68mi) NE of Hihifo, Tonga]
M5.6; 90km NE of Hihifo, Tonga 2015-03-30 07:56:54 UTCd depth=10.0 km

Tsunami Evaluation

NWS PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER EWA BEACH HI SAID:
BASED ON ALL AVAILABLE DATA A DESTRUCTIVE PACIFIC-WIDE TSUNAMI IS
NOT EXPECTED.

Other Significant Seismicity

M4.9; 88km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 11:43:21 UTC 35.0 km
M4.8; 69km SSE of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 11:23:11 UTC 72.6 km
M5.5; 179km SSE of Amsterdam Island, France 2015-03-30 10:34:53 UTC 10.0 km
4.0; 12km NW of Ludlow, California 2015-03-30 09:21:56 UTC 2.5 km
M6.5 See above.
5.3; 42km SE of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 08:31:47 UTC 35.0 km
M6.4 See above.
M5.6 See above.

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Powerful Quake Strikes PNG

Posted by feww on March 30, 2015

M7.5 quake rattles New Ireland Region

Centered at 4.760°S, 152.556°E the quake occurred  at a depth of depth of 40.0 km, USGE/EHP reported.

Tsunami Evaluation
Based on the preliminary earthquake parameters, hazardous tsunami waves are possible for coasts located within 1,000 km of the earthquake epicenter, said PTWC in its initial evaluation.

The hazard regions include Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Solomon Islands.

However, the tsunami threat had largely passed, as of posting.

TSUNAMI OBSERVATIONS
--------------------
  * THE FOLLOWING ARE TSUNAMI WAVE OBSERVATIONS FROM COASTAL
    AND/OR DEEP-OCEAN SEA LEVEL GAUGES AT THE INDICATED LOCATIONS.
    THE MAXIMUM TSUNAMI HEIGHT IS MEASURED WITH RESPECT TO THE
    NORMAL TIDE LEVEL.
                            GAUGE      TIME OF   MAXIMUM     WAVE
                         COORDINATES   MEASURE   TSUNAMI   PERIOD
    GAUGE LOCATION        LAT   LON     (UTC)     HEIGHT    (MIN)
    -------------------------------------------------------------
    TAREKUKURE WHARF SB   6.7S 156.4E    0159   0.03M/ 0.1FT  32

NOTE TIDE GAUGE AT TAREKUKURE WHARF IS 450 KM FROM THE EPICENTER.

Earthquake Details
Magnitude: 7.5Mw (USGS/EHP)
Time: 2015-03-29 23:48:31 UTC
Location: 4.760°S, 152.556°E
Depth: 40.0 km

Distances:

  • 55km (34mi) SE of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
  • 787km (489mi) NE of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Aftershocks: The main event was followed by at least 3 significant aftershocks as of posting.

  • M4.8; 56km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 01:51:26 UTC 53.8 km
  • M5.0; 78km SSW of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 00:43:13 UTC 35.0 km
  • M5.7; 91km SSW of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 00:15:30 UTC 35.0 km

Other recent significant quakes

  • M4.7; 94km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 02:23:21 UTC 35.0 km
  • M5.0; 144km W of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia 2015-03-30 02:12:47 UTC 54.4 km
  • M4.7; Kuril Islands 2015-03-30 02:05:12 UTC 45.5 km
  • M4.8; 25km S of Garcia Hernandez, Philippines 2015-03-30 01:47:57 UTC 35.0 km
  • M5.4; 29km NW of Qimeng, China 2015-03-30 01:47:35 UTC 14.6 km
  • M4.9; 158km NNE of Bitung, Indonesia 2015-03-29 14:35:38 UTC 81.4 km
  • M5.6; 139km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia 2015-03-29 07:50:53 UTC 38.5 km
  • M5.8; 40km WSW of Tilamuta, Indonesia 2015-03-28 22:28:51 UTC 123.9 km
  • M5.6; 49km NE of Calama, Chile 2015-03-28 16:36:54 UTC 112.0 km

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Ebola Epidemic: Guinea Declares State of Emergency

Posted by feww on March 29, 2015

Guinea declares 45-day Ebola health emergency

Guinean President has declared a 45-day “health emergency” in five regions across the west and southwest of the Ebola-stricken nation to stop the spread of the deadly disease.

The virus “has shifted [its focus] to our country’s coastal areas,” said the president. “That is why I am declaring a reinforced health emergency for a period of 45 days in the prefectures of Forecariah, Coyah, Dubreka, Boffa and Kindia.”

WHO released the EBOLA situation summary on March 26, 2015 (latest), which includes the total number of reported cases and deaths (confirmed, probable and suspected) for the high transmission countries (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone).

  • Guinea: 3,459 cases, with 2,273 deaths [As of March 24, 2015]
  • Liberia: 9,602 cases, with 4,301 deaths  [As of March 22, 2015]
  • Sierra Leone: 11,866 cases, with 3,764 deaths [As of March 24, 2015]
    Sub total: 24,927 cases, with 10,339 fatalities

In addition to the above, 8 Ebola deaths were reported in Nigeria, 6 in Mali and 1 in the U.S., bringing the total number of reported deaths since the start of the latest epidemic to 10,354.

Related Links

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States of Emergency Declared in Indiana, Oklahoma, Chile

Posted by feww on March 28, 2015

HIV Outbreak: Indiana Declares State of Emergency

Indiana Gov. Pence has declared a public health emergency after “the worst HIV outbreak in the state’s history.”

Pence said 79 cases had been confirmed, but “we expect that number to go up,” with more testing underway.

Every single confirmed case so far has been related to intravenous use of Opana, an opioid painkiller, said Pence.

“This is a very serious situation,” he said, adding that the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had advised for a needle-exchange program to be set up.

“I’m prepared to make an exception to my long-standing opposition to needle-exchange programs,” said Pence. “This is a public health emergency driven by intravenous drug use.”

All of the HIV-infected cases so far detected were either in or connected to Scott County, near the Kentucky border, said a state health official.

Everyone who has tested positive for HIV has admitted to intravenous drug use, although some have also had sex with other users, said a public health nurse at Scott County Health Department.

Fallin Declares State of Emergency After Deadly Tornadoes

Oklahoma governor declared a state of emergency in 25 counties affected by tornadoes, severe thunderstorms and straight-line winds.

The twisters destroyed a mobile home park in suburban Sand Springs. At least one person was reported dead and scores of others injured with widespread damage reported across Oklahoma and Arkansas.

An EF-1 tornado spiraled through the suburb of Moore in Oklahoma City, where 24 people were killed by a tornado in May 2013.

Chile declares a state of emergency due to unprecedented deluge

Chile has declared a state of emergency in the northern regions of Atacama and Antofagasta after extreme rain events (EREs) left dozens of people dead or missing, forced thousands of others to flee their homes and closed copper-mining operations.

The EREs triggered an unprecedented flooding in the desert region, as rivers broke banks isolating numerous villages and communities.

The deluge in the north occurs as drought stricken southern Chile struggles with massive forest fires.

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Freetown Becomes a Ghost Town

Posted by feww on March 27, 2015

Ebola Outbreak: Lockdown Enforced in Sierra Leone

Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leon, looked like a ghost town on Friday, according to reports.

Sierra Leone government is enforcing a nationwide three-day lockdown in a desperate attempt to limit the spread of Ebola.

This is the second time the West African country has enforced a countrywide lockdown, asking its population of more than six million people to stay home.

Although a previous lockdown in September 2014 was hailed as a success by the government, it was criticized by the medical aid organization Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), which argued that the quarantine would force the sick victims underground, instead of helping to contain the virus.

“The Ebola outbreak has been the largest, longest, most severe, and most complex in human history. Starting from the initial detection of the outbreak, to the arrival of the first responders, to the overwhelming spread of cases in West Africa — The Ebola Diaries is a series of first-person accounts describing what it has been like working on the front lines of a global health crisis of unprecedented proportion,” said WHO.

WHO released the EBOLA situation summary on March 26, 2015 (latest), which includes the total number of reported cases and deaths (confirmed, probable and suspected) for the high transmission countries (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone).

  • Guinea: 3,459 cases, with 2,273 deaths [As of March 24, 2015]
  • Liberia: 9,602 cases, with 4,301 deaths  [As of March 22, 2015]
  • Sierra Leone: 11,866 cases, with 3,764 deaths [As of March 24, 2015]
    Sub total: 24,927 cases, with 10,339 fatalities

In addition to the above, 8 Ebola deaths were reported in Nigeria, 6 in Mali and 1 in the U.S., bringing the total number of reported deaths since the start of the latest epidemic to 10,354.

Related Links

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Multiple Crop Disasters Declared in Michigan, Wisconsin

Posted by feww on March 26, 2015

Dozens of counties in MI, WI declared crop disaster areas

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated dozens of additional counties in Michigan and Wisconsin as crop disaster areas due to due to damages and losses caused by multiple disasters that occurred during the 2014 crop year.

Disaster Designation #1

USDA has designated 51 counties in Michigan as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the combined effects of excessive rain with cooler than normal temperatures that occurred on April 1, 2014, and continues. Those counties, both primary and contiguous disaster areas, are:

Mich crop disaster

Wisconsin. Florence, Forest, Marinette and Vilas counties in Wisconsin have also been designated as crop disaster areas  because they counties are contiguous.

Disaster Designation #2

USDA has designated 19 counties in Michigan as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the combined effects of excessive rain, a drought, and cooler than normal temperatures that occurred on April 1, 2014, and continues. Those counties, both primary and contiguous disaster areas, are:

mich crop disaster 2

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 1,014 counties across 20  states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

Majority of the 2015 crop disaster designations so far are due to drought.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on March 25, 2015.

Related Links

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Drought Crop Disaster Declared in Oklahoma

Posted by feww on March 26, 2015

6 Oklahoma counties declared crop disaster areas

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated six additional counties in Oklahoma as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

The crop disaster areas in Oklahoma are Creek, Lincoln, Logan, Noble, Pawnee and Payne counties.

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 940 counties across 20  states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia and West Virginia.

Majority of the 2015 crop disaster designations so far are due to drought.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on March 25, 2015.

Related Links

 

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Major Disaster Declared for New Hampshire

Posted by feww on March 26, 2015

New Hampshire Declared Federal Disaster Area

New Hampshire Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm (DR-4209)

The White House has declared a major disaster exists in the State of New Hampshire and  in the areas affected by the severe winter storm and snowstorm during the period of January 26-28, 2015.

Most of the damage caused by the severe winter storm and snowstorm in the “Granite State” occurred  in the counties of Hillsborough, Rockingham, and Strafford.

The Federal Coordinating Officer for federal recovery operations in the affected area said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments.

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Global Disasters / Significant Events – March 26, 2015

Posted by feww on March 26, 2015

Deadly tornadoes strike Arkansas and Oklahoma

A powerful storm system generated eight tornadoes (SPC confirmed 7 twisters) striking Arkansas and Oklahoma on Wednesday, killing at least one person, injuring several others and causing EXTENSIVE DAMAGE IN MOBILE HOME PARK NEAR HIGHWAY 51 AND 145 WEST AVENUE, according to reports received by Storm Prediction Center (SPC).

Another tornado swept through Sand Springs, Tulsa, damaging up to 100 buildings, while another twister in Moore, Oklahoma, damaged scores of buildings, tossing and overturning many cars and trucks, according to local reports.

Other tornadoes were reported in Cleveland and Cherokee counties, OK, while Arkansas reported at least 3 twisters in Benton, Madison and Carroll counties.

  • GOLF BALL TO TENNIS BALL SIZE HAIL STRUCK ROCKY BRANCH, ROGERS, BENTON, AR.
  • TENNIS BALL SIZED HAIL  AT INTERSTATE 40 AND MORGAN ROAD, CANADIAN COUNTY, OK.
  • SOFTBALL HAIL AT CAHNDLER PARK, TULSA, TULSA, OK.

Flash floods plague Chile’s Atacama desert region

Flash floods Chile’s Atacama desert have cut off dozens of communities, leaving tens of  thousands of people without electricity or drinking water and forcing authorities to begin mass evacuations.

Torrential rains  in the Andes have unleashed destructive walls of water and mud down in the valleys below inundating communities.

The mining city of Copiapo (po. 160,000) is inundated, after the river running through it burst its banks, while the state of desert commune of Chañaral (pop. 14,000) has been described as “grave.”

Several people have reportedly lost their lives and dozens of others are missing throughout the region.

Authorities have declared a state of disaster and deployed the military to co-ordinate rescue operations, and reinstate civil order.

The deluge in the north occurs as drought stricken southern Chile struggles with massive forest fires.

Saudi Arabia launches major military operation in Yemen

Saudi Arabia has launched a major military operation, backed by air strikes,  in Yemen against Houthi rebels, according to the Saudi ambassador in the US.

The envoy said Saudi Arabia had acted to “defend the legitimate government” of President Hadi, who fled his palace in Aden on Wednesday.

Explosions were reported in the capital Sanaa and its airport, while officials quoted by AFP news agency said at least 13 had been killed in one neighborhood.

Meantime, a senior Houthi rebel has warned that the Saudi aggression against Yemen  could set off a regional war, media reported.

Other parties that directly benefit from the Saudi aggression in Yemen are a Yemeni affiliate of Islamic State (formerly ISIL), and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), analysts say.

Continued…

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‘Red Alert’ in Chile as Wildfires Destroy 1,000-Year-Old Trees

Posted by feww on March 25, 2015

Drought, High Winds Fan Destructive Chilean Forest Fires

Abnormally hot weather and high winds in southern Chile are fueling out-of-control wildfires that have been consuming large national forests and reserves parched by a lingering drought.

The fires have destroyed more than 6,000 hectares (14,800 acres) in three protected areas: Conguillio National Park, China Muerta National Reserve and Nalca Lolco National Reserve.

[Conguillio National Park, known for its forests of thousand-year-old Araucarias [Chilean pine, or monkey puzzle trees,] was declared a national park in 1950. In 1983, the park, together with Alto Bío Bío National Reserve, was designated as a Biosphere Reserve, known as Araucarias Biosphere Reserve, by UNESCO.]

“Faced with this critical situation, there is no choice but to assume that the lack of water resources is a reality that is here to stay and that puts at risk the development of important regions of our country” said Chilean President Bachelet, blaming the fires on the country’s prolonged drought.

Forest fires have charred more than 91,327 hectares (225,670 acres) so far this season, some 59,300 hectares (65%) above the annual average over previous five years, said the country’s national forestry agency CONAF.

Authorities have declared a ‘red alert’ nationwide.

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California Water Update

Posted by feww on March 24, 2015

California Snow Water Content Shrinks, Reservoir Levels Fall

Three consecutive years of drought have left millions of acre-feet of empty space in reservoirs across California.

Statewide Summary of SWEQ
Data as of March 23, 2015
Number of Stations Reporting: 101
Average snow water equivalent: 2.6 Inches
Percent of April 1 Average: 9%
Percent of normal for this date: 9%

Daily Reservoir Storage Summary

Total Storage – March 24: 11,848,749 AF
Total Average Storage: 18,288,143 AF
Total % Group Average: 64.79%

Worst Hit Reservoirs
Exchequer Reservoir on the Merced River can hold more than one million AF, but its storage currently stands at about 90,800 AF feet—9 percent of total capacity and 16 percent of its historical average for this date. The reservoir’s storage continues to decline.

New Melones
Current Storage: 582,488 AF; 24% of Total Capacity; -1406 TAF Encroached For This Date
Total Capacity: 2,400,000 AF
Avg. Storage for Mar 23: 1,498,932 AF
TOC Storage: 1,988,750 AF
Daily Inflow: 320 CFS
Daily Outflow: 1,512 CFS

Lake Isabella
Data as of Midnight: March 23, 2015
Current Storage: 46,690 AF; 8% of Total Capacity; -303 TAF Encroached For This Date
Total Capacity: 568,000 AF
Avg. Storage for Mar 23: 196,555 AF
TOC Storage: 349,337 AF

Pine Flat
Current Storage: 177,387 AF; 18% of Total Capacity; -710 TAF Encroached For This Date
Total Capacity: 1,000,000 AF
Avg. Storage for Mar 23: 555,315 AF
TOC Storage: 887,727 AF

 Related Links

Source: Department of Water Resources
California Data Exchange Center

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