Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive – Mass die-off, caused by anthropogenic assault on Earth and the effect of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin by 2016

Ten U.S. States Reporting Major Wildfires

Posted by feww on August 18, 2015

Wildfires Plaguing Western and Southern United States

States of Emergency have been declared in Idaho and Montana due to the destructive wildfires.

At least 80 active large fires are currently burning more than 1.1 million acres across ten States: California (14), Colorado (1), Idaho (14), Louisiana (1), Montana (11), North Carolina (2), Nevada (1), Oregon (11), Texas (5) and Washington (20), reported NIFC.

“Residents in many western states have been evacuated from their homes as hot, dry, and windy conditions have caused several large fires to burn actively. Currently, more than 25,000 people are supporting wildfires, including 41 Incident Management Teams and 2 Area Command Teams.”

Year-to-date statistics [NIFC]

2015 (1/1/15 – 8/17/15) Fires: 40,509 – Acres: 6,969,074 [breaks 11-year record]

Annual average prior 10 years

(2005-2014) Fires: 49,400 – Acres: 4,809,886

[Caution: The stats provided by NIFC have previously proved to be incomplete, erroneous and unreliable. See related blog entries since 2007.]

The Federal government has proclaimed 8 additional Fire Management Assistance Declarations, as follows:

  • Idaho Municipal Fire (FM-5105)
  • Washington Okanogan County Fire Complex (FM-5104)
  • Washington Stevens County Fire Complex (FM-5103)
  • Oregon Canyon Creek Fire Complex (FM-5102)
  • Washington Stickpin Fire (FM-5101)
  • Washington Reach Fire Complex (FM-5100)
  • Idaho Clearwater Lawyer Branch Fire Complex (FM-5099)
  • Washington Nine Mile Fire (FM-5098)

Excessive Heat Warning

An excessive heat warning remains in effect throughout Wednesday for Southern Nevada, Southeastern California and Northwestern Arizona. Expected Temperatures: 109-112 in the Las Vegas Valley, 112-117 in the Colorado River Valley, and 120-125 in Death Valley, reported NWS.

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‘Two Major US Aquifers Contaminated by Natural Uranium’

Posted by feww on August 17, 2015

Natural Uranium Contamination in Major U.S. Aquifers Linked to Nitrate: Study

About 2 million people across the Great Plains and California reside above aquifer sites that are contaminated with natural uranium, mobilized by human-contributed nitrate, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.


High Plains (HP) and Central Valley (CV) aquifers. The intensity of groundwater contamination via uranium (red) and nitrate (blue) is highlighted in two major aquifers and other sites across the United States. Credit: University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Abstract: Groundwater geochemical data collected from two major U.S. aquifers, High Plains (HP) and Central Valley (CV), revealed naturally occurring groundwater uranium (U) exceeding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant level (MCL = 30 μg/L) across 22375 km2 where 1.9 million people live. Analysis of geochemical parameters revealed a moderately strong correlation between U and nitrate, a common groundwater contaminant, as well as alkalinity and calcium [Spearman’s rho (ρ) ≥ 0.30; p < 0.001]. Nitrate is recognized to alter U solubility by oxidative dissolution of reduced U(IV) minerals. Approximately 78% of areas where U concentrations were interpolated above the MCL were correlated to the presence of nitrate (Pearson’s r ≥ 0.5; p < 0.05). Shallow groundwater was determined to be the most susceptible to co-contamination (HP, ρ = 0.46; CV, ρ = 0.52). Together, these results indicate that nitrate, a primary contaminant, should be considered as a factor leading to secondary groundwater U contamination in addition to the recognized role of alkalinity and calcium.

Excerpts from the Introduction: “Uranium (U) contamination of groundwater has been primarily associated with anthropogenic activities such as mining, milling, nuclear testing, and disposal of spent nuclear fuel. However, groundwater U concentrations across the United States exceed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)… The High Plains (HP) and Central Valley (CV) aquifers, two of the largest and most productive aquifers in the world, are among aquifers with high concentrations of dissolved U in groundwater… In addition to being an important source of drinking water, these aquifers are also mined to irrigate 56700 km2 of cropland accounting for 1/6 of all U.S. agricultural annual revenue. Drought has placed an increased reliance on groundwater, impacting not only quantity but also degradation of groundwater quality.

Full paper posted at http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00174

Jason Nolan and Karrie A. Weber
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Nebraska—Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0340, United States
‡ School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska—Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0118, United States
Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett., 2015, 2 (8), pp 215–220
DOI: 10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00174
Publication Date (Web): July 31, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

ACS AuthorChoice – This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.

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Earthquake Strikes SSE of Sendai Nuke Plant

Posted by feww on August 17, 2015

M5.1 earthquake strikes 100km SSE of Sendai, Japan

Centered at 30.8N, 131.1E the quake struck at a depth of about 10km and was felt across the southern tip of Kyushu island, according to Japan’s weather agency.

At the Sendai earthquake monitoring station, the quake registered 3 on Japan’s Seismic Intensity Scale (1 to 7).

Other Significant Earthquakes:

  • M5.2, 145km E of Chichi-shima, Japan, 2015-08-17 at 00:45:42UTC depth=7.4km
  • M4.0, 1km N of Piedmont, California 2015-08-17 at 13:49:17UTC depth=5.4 km

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‘Montana is facing extreme fire conditions’

Posted by feww on August 17, 2015

State of Emergency Declared in Big Sky Country

“Firefighting resources in the state, geographic region, and across Western United States have reached critical shortage levels,” said Montana Governor.

Governor Bullock has issued an executive order declaring a fire emergency in the state of Montana, proclaiming that “Montana is facing extreme fire conditions.”

“Montana is facing extreme fire conditions. This declaration will provide additional resources to the brave men and women fighting these fires,” Bullock said. “As firefighters continue to battle blazes across the state, I encourage Montanans to be aware of fires in their area, obey any evacuation orders that may be issued, and ensure they’re not taking actions that might spark new fires.”

Wildfires are actively burning and extreme fire danger exists across the state of Montana, including the counties of Lincoln, Flathead, Lake, Sanders, Mineral, Missoula, Ravalli, Granite, POwell, Butte-Silver Bow, Anaconda-Deer Lodge, Beaverhead, Madison, Gallatin, Park, Broadwater, Jefferson, Meagher, Lewis and Clark, Teton, Pondera, Glacier, Cascade, Choteau, Judith Basin, Fergus, Petroleum, Wheatland, Golden Valley, Musselshell, Sweet Grass, Stillwater, Carbon, Yellowstone, Big Horn, Treasure, Rosebud, Custer, Powder River, Carter, Fallon and Garfield (42 of the state’s 56 counties), according to the governor’s executive order.

The fires have led to evacuations and road and campground closures.

“Firefighting resources in the state, geographic region, and across Western United States have reached critical shortage levels,” said the governor, “these critical shortages have already necessitated the deployment of international firefighting resources to the State of Montana to assist in fire suppression.”

Bullock has also deployed the Montana National Guard to assists in the emergency.

The fires include the following+

The Moose Meadows Fire (southwest of Philipsburg): 900ha  (~ 2,200 acres)
The Firestone Flats Fire (ENE of Arlee)+ 700ha
Gold Pan Fire Complex (SW of Sula on the Montana-Idaho border): 5,600ha
The Red Shale Fire (Bob Marshall Wilderness): 3,200ha

More information is listed at http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/state/27/0/

Meanwhile, residents of Greer, Idaho, are on standby to evacuate, said the sheriff’s office.

Hundreds of wildfires, mostly sparked by lightning storms, are currently burning hundreds of thousands of hectares (acres) across the Western United States, Alaska, and Hawaii.

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FIRE-EARTH Q&A DAY: Rhymes with Interest

Posted by feww on August 16, 2015

CJ Members

Rhymes with Interest

  • FIRE-EARTH Q&A TODAY will start @ 15:02 UTC.

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Fierce Wildfires Destroy Dozens of Idaho Homes

Posted by feww on August 16, 2015

Idaho blaze grows to 53,000 acres, puts town on evacuation notice

The so-called Clearwater Complex Wildfire in Idaho consisting of multiple lightning-caused fires—Lawyer 2 Fire, Lolo 2 Fire, Fisher Fire, Syringa Fires and Pilot Knob—has grown to about 53,000 acres destroying at least 125 homes and outbuildings, and putting entire communities on evacuation notice, said Inciweb.

Mandatory Evacuations remain in place on the west, north and east sides of Kamiah outside of the city limits. U.S. Highway 12 is still open but may periodically have a pilot car moving traffic through the fire area north of Kamiah.

An estimated total of 50 primary structures and 75 outbuildings were lost due to wind driven fire activity. Early this morning, the Idaho County Sheriff and his deputies began working with firefighters within the fire area to identify and assess the condition of these structures prior to notifying affected property owners. Structure protection remained a high priority throughout the fire area.

Most of the Complex is adjacent to Kamiah, ID. Other fire locations are in the vicinity of Kooskia, Craigmont, Ruebens, Greer, Woodland, and Harrisburg. The fire was 15% contained, as of posting.

Meanwhile the federal government has issued two additional Fire Management Assistance Declarations:

  • Idaho Clearwater Lawyer Branch Fire Complex (FM-5099)
  • Washington Nine Mile Fire (FM-5098)

National Preparedness Level 5 (August 13, 2015 at 5:30am MDT) (On a scale from 1 to 5)

[Preparedness Level 5 – Description: Geographic Areas are experiencing major incidents which have the potential to exhaust all agency fire resources. Eighty percent (80%) of Type 1 and Type 2 Incident Management Teams and  crews are committed, as well as the majority of other National Resources.]

On August 14, the National Preparedness Level was increased to five. “A significant amount of initial and extended attack and large fire activity has occurred over the past several days as a result of lightning storms that have intensified local and geographic response,” said NIFC.

Number of active large fires: 51
Acres from active fires: 736,794
States currently reporting large fires:
Alaska (1), Arizona (1), California (14), Hawaii (2), Idaho (4), Montana (5), North Carolina (2), Oregon (12), Texas (3), Washington (6), Wyoming (1)

Year-to-date statistics
2015 (1/1/15 – 8/14/15) Fires: 39,830 Acres: 6,509,392

Annual average prior 10 years
(2005-2014)  Fires: 49,403 – Acres: 4,649,565

[Caution: The stats provided by NIFC have previously proved to be incomplete, erroneous and therefore unreliable. See related blog entries since 2007.]

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Cotopaxi Volcano Stirs, Ash Eruptions Reported

Posted by feww on August 15, 2015

Ash from Ecuadorian volcano covers parts of Quito

Two small explosions at the giant Cotopaxi volcano ejected plumes of ash to a height of about 5km above the crater on Friday, reported Ecuador’s Geophysical Institute.

Volcanic ash from the eruptions covered southern parts of Quito, Ecuador’s capital and its second most populous city [metro pop: ~ 3.2 million, FIRE-EARTH Population Model.]

The events have been described as “very small explosions” that were “almost imperceptible,” by the officials, who insist the volcano, which has been showing signs of unrest since April, with a large increase in seismicity (including harmonic tremors) and SO2 emissions, is not necessarily about to erupt.

One of the world’s highest volcanoes, Cotopaxi is located about 50 km south of Quito, Ecuador. It is the second highest summit in the Andean country, reaching a height of about 5,900m. Some 90 or so eruption have been recorded since 1534.

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Strong Earthquake Strikes W of Lata, Solomon Islands

Posted by feww on August 15, 2015

The earthquake parameters listed below are subject to change due to procedural issues at the source!

M6.6 quake strikes 214km W of Lata, Solomon Islands

Centered at 10.905°S, 163.877°E the quake occurred at a depth of 6.3km, reported USGS/EHP.

The quake is the latest significant event in a seismic cluster swarming the region.

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Sakurajima Volcano ‘Unhappy’ with Sendai Nuke Restart

Posted by feww on August 15, 2015

Sakurajima Volcano Warning Raised

Mt Sakurajima volcanic warning level has been raised to Level 4, “prepare to evacuate,” amid signs of increased activity, said Japan’s weather agency.

Mt Sakurajima could have a larger than usual eruption, officials said.

The news follows Tuesday’s restart of a reactor at the Sendai nuclear power station, located less than 50km from the angry volcano.

Volcano Information

One of Japan’s most active volcanoes, Sakurajima is situated in Kagoshima Bay, south of Kyushu, Japan (about 1,000km WSW of Tokyo). The volcano has three active craters: Kitadake, Minamidake and Nakadake.

Multiple eruptions have occurred at Minamidake crater since 1955 .

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10 Percent of Iraqi Population Internally Displaced

Posted by feww on August 14, 2015

One in ten Iraqis internally displaced between January 2014 and July 2015 —IOM

At least 3,171,606 Iraqis (528,601 families) have been internally displaced between January 2014 and July 30, 2015, according to the Swiss-based International Organization for Migration (IOM).

The above estimate, obtained through IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), represents about 10 percent of Iraqi population of 32 million [July 2014 estimate.]

About 87 per cent of IDPs are originally from three governorates (provinces), said the report:

  • Anbar (40 percent)
  • Ninewa (33 percent)
  • Salah al-Din (14 percent)

In the first half of 2015, at least 6,784 Iraqis were killed and 11,789 others wounded in acts of terrorism and violence perpetrated by the so-called Islamic State (ISIL) terrorists (locally known as daesh), the thugs, assassins and murder mechanics leftovers from the genocidal regime of Saddam-Hussein.

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Major Disaster Declared in Kentucky

Posted by feww on August 14, 2015

Kentucky Declared Federal Disaster Area

Kentucky Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, Flooding, Landslides, and Mudslides (DR-4239)

The Disaster President has declared a major disaster exists in the Commonwealth of Kentucky in the areas affected by severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, flooding, landslides, and mudslides during the period of July 11-20, 2015.

The areas that are worst affected by the extreme weather events include Bracken, Breathitt, Carroll, Carter, Clay, Cumberland, Elliott, Estill, Fleming, Floyd, Henry, Jackson, Johnson, Knott, Lawrence, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Lewis, Lincoln, Magoffin, Menifee, Montgomery, Morgan, Nicholas, Owsley, Perry, Robertson, Rockcastle, Rowan, Spencer, Trimble, Washington, and Wolfe counties.

The latest Federal Disaster Declaration is the fourth major disaster declaration for Kentucky since April.

The government has proclaimed 35 Major Disaster Declaration [DR 4205-4239] for a U.S. state/tribal area/territory so far this year. Additionally, the federal government has issued 14 Fire Management Assistance Declarations for the year to date.

Fire Management Assistance Declarations (2015)

[FM-5097] 08/13/2015 Oregon Cornet and Windy Ridge Fire Complex
[FM-5096] 08/09/2015 Oregon Krauss Lane Fire
[FM-5095] 08/09/2015 Arizona Willow Fire
[FM-5094] 08/04/2015 Washington Highway 8 Fire
[FM-5093] 08/02/2015 California Rocky Fire
[FM-5092] 07/30/2015 Oregon Stouts Creek Fire
[FM-5091] 07/23/2015 California Wragg Fire
[FM-5090] 07/20/2015 Washington Blue Creek Fire
[FM-5089] 07/20/2015 California North Fire
[FM-5088] 07/06/2015 Idaho Cape Horn Fire
[FM-5087] 06/29/2015 Washington Sleepy Hollow Fire
[FM-5086] 06/17/2015 Arizona Kearney River Fire
[FM-5085] 06/16/2015 Alaska Card Street Fire
[FM-5084] 06/15/2015 Alaska Sockeye Fire

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Extreme Weather Events Destroy Crops in Ten States and Puerto Rico

Posted by feww on August 13, 2015

Drought and deluge kill crops in 294 U.S. counties and municipalities

USDA declares crop disasters in Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Ohio, Oregon and Puerto Rico.

Crop Disaster Areas Designation # 1

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has designated all but one of the counties [Lake County] in the State of Illinois as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by excessive rain and flooding that occurred during the period of June 1, 2015, and continues.

Illinois: Adams, Alexander, Bond, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Coles, Cook, Crawford, Cumberland, DeKalb, DeWitt, Douglas, DuPage, Edgar, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Ford, Franklin, Fulton, Gallatin, Greene, Grundy, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, La Salle, Lawrence, Lee, Livingston, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Mason, Massac, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Moultrie, Ogle, Peoria, Perry, Piatt, Pike, Pope, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Richland, Rock Island, St. Clair, Saline, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby,  Stark, Stephenson, Tazewell, Union, Vermilion, Wabash, Warren, Washington, Wayne, White, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, Winnebago and Woodford counties.

Indiana: Benton, Knox, Newton, Sullivan, Vigo, Gibson, Lake, Posey, Vermillion and Warren counties.

Iowa: Clinton, Jackson, Louisa, Scott, Des Moines, Lee and Muscatine counties.

Kentucky: Ballard, Crittenden, Livingston, McCracken and Union counties.

Missouri: Cape Girardeau, Marion, Saint Charles, Clark, Mississippi, Sainte Genevieve, Jefferson, Perry, Saint Louis, Lewis, Pike, Saint Louis City, Lincoln, Ralls and Scott counties.

Crop Disaster Areas Designation # 2

USDA has designated a total of 88 counties in Indiana as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by excessive rain and flooding that occurred during the period of May 1, 2015, and continues.

Indiana: Adams, Allen, Bartholomew, Benton, Blackford, Boone, Brown, Carroll, Cass, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Daviess, Dearborn, Decatur, DeKalb, Delaware, Dubois, Elkhart, Fayette, Floyd, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Gibson, Grant, Greene, Hamilton, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jackson, Jasper, Jay, Jefferson, Jennings, Johnson, Knox, Kosciusko, Lake, LaPorte, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Orange, Owen, Parke, Pike, Porter, Posey, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Ripley, Rush, St. Joseph, Scott, Shelby, Starke, Sullivan, Switzerland, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Union, Vanderburgh, Vermillion, Vigo, Wabash, Warren, Warrick, Washington, Wayne, Wells, White and Whitley counties.

Illinois: Clark, Crawford, Iroquois, Lawrence, White, Cook, Edgar, Kankakee, Wabash and Will counties.

Kentucky: Boone, Carroll, Gallatin and Trimble counties.

Michigan: Berrien and Cass counties.

Ohio: Butler, Defiance, Mercer, Preble, Darke, Hamilton, Paulding and Van Wert counties.

Crop Disaster Areas Designation # 3

USDA has designated a total of eight counties in Idaho and Montana as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

Idaho: Butte, Clark, Custer, Idaho, Lemhi and Valley counties.

Montana: Beaverhead and Ravalli counties.

Crop Disaster Areas Designation # 4

USDA has designated ten counties in Oregon as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

Oregon: Clackamas, Hood River, Jefferson, Linn, Marion, Multnomah, Polk, Wasco, Washington and Yamhill counties.

Crop Disaster Areas Designation # 5

USDA has designated 28 municipalities in Puerto Rico as crop disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by a recent drought.

Puerto Rico: Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Arroyo, Barranquitas, Caguas, Canovanas, Carolina, Cayey, Ceiba, Cidra, Fajardo, Guayama, Gurabo, Humacao, Juncos, Patillas, Comerio, Las Piedras, Loiza, Rio Grande, Luquillo, Maunabo, Naguabo, Salinas, San Juan, San Lorenzo,Trujillo Alto and Yabucoa municipalities.

****************** U.S. Drought Monitor *****************

Week   None   D0-D4   D1-D4   D2-D4   D3-D4   D4
2015-08-11 51.65 48.35 27.52 14.97 7.69 2.51
2015-08-04 52.97 47.03 26.02 14.62 7.37 2.36

************* Total US Weekly Comparison Stats  *************

Crop Disasters 2015

Beginning January 7, 2015 USDA has declared crop disasters in at least 1,986 counties, or county equivalents, across 32 States: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington and Wyoming.

USDA has also designated a total of 36 municipalities in Puerto Rico as drought disaster areas in the last two weeks.

About 99 percent of the 2015 crop disaster designations are due to drought so far this year.

Crop Disasters 2014

In 2014, USDA declared crop disasters in at least 2,904 counties across 44 states. Most of the designations were due to drought.

Those states were:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan. Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. [FIRE-EARTH has documented all of the above listings. See blog content.]

Notes:
i. USDA trigger point for a countywide disaster declaration is 30 percent crop loss on at least one crop.

ii. The counties designated as agricultural disaster areas, as listed above, include both primary and contiguous disaster areas.

iii. Some counties may have been designated as crop disaster areas more than once due to multiple disasters.

iv. The U.S. has a total of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents.

v. The disaster designations posted above were approved by USDA on August 12, 2015.

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China Explosions: Dozens Dead, Hundreds Injured

Posted by feww on August 13, 2015

Powerful Tianjin blasts kills 44, injures 521

The death toll from powerful explosions in the northern Chinese port of Tianjin has climbed to 44, including 12 firecrews, reported the official Xinhua news agency.

At least 521 people have been hospitalized including 52 critically injured, said the report.

Up to 40 people are reported as missing, according to other reports.

A total of 3,500 people have been relocated to 10 nearby schools, Zhang Yong, head of the Binhai district government said [adding that] the number will reach to 6,000 by Thursday night…

The office building of Chinese supercomputer Tianhe-1, one of the world’s fastest supercomputers, suffered damage. Sources at Tianhe-1 told Xinhua the computer is not damaged, but they have shut down some of its operations as a precaution.

Tianhe-1 provides data services to more than 300 organizations across China, including several universities and banks.

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Strong Earthquake Strikes W of Honiara, Solomon Islands

Posted by feww on August 13, 2015

The earthquake parameters listed below are subject to change due to procedural issues at the source!

M6.4 quake strikes 180km SE of Gizo, Solomon Islands

Centered at 9.319°S, 157.934°E the event occurred at a depth of about 5.0 km (3.1 mi), said USGS/EHP.

The event was preceded by a significant foreshock measuring 5.3Mw.

Other Significant Quakes
M 5.5 – 100km NNE of Amsterdam Island, France
Location: 37.035°S, 78.055°E
Depth: 10.0 km
Time: 2015-08-13 10:39:53 UTC

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FIRE-EARTH Extra: AREA ALERTS

Posted by feww on August 12, 2015

CJ Members

AREA ALERTS –  August 12, 2015

EXTRA session at 21:02 UTC

FEWW Science Team will host a special session today (August 12, 2015) at 21:02 UTC announcing the latest AREA ALERTS.

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Massive Heatwave Hits Europe (Round 3)

Posted by feww on August 12, 2015

Dry conditions destroy crops in Central and Eastern Europe

Additionally, a drought is severely affecting agricultural areas of southern Poland, amid where crops bone dry condition and the blazing heat, said a report.

“The heatwave has also forced Poland to restrict electricity supplies to industry, pushing some firms to limit production.”

Meanwhile, soaring temperatures in excess of 40 degrees Celsius have broken multiple record across Germany. Record heat has also affected River Elbe in Dresden, with ware levels falling to extreme lows.

Record-breaking heatwave is also affecting France, Italy, Sweden and Ukraine, according to local reports.

Meanwhile, the National Weather Service has issued the following bulletin:

Heat building into the West

Temperatures will soar this week in the West. The hottest temperatures will be felt in the deserts of southern Calif. and Ariz. where Excessive Heat Watches are in effect. Temperatures could exceed 115 [46°C] in some locations. Farther north, these hot temperatures will contribute to fire danger in parts of northern California and the Pacific Northwest where Red Flag Warnings are in effect.

 

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Fire Disasters Declared for Arizona, Oregon

Posted by feww on August 11, 2015

Lightning-sparked wildfire burns thousands of acres in Arizona, threatening scores of homes

Fire Details posted at http://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/4465/

  • Arizona Willow Fire (FM-5095) Fire Management Assistance Declaration has been declared.
  • Oregon Krauss Lane Fire (FM-5096) Fire Management Assistance Declaration has been declared.

National Fire Preparedness Level 4

As of July 31, 2015 at 12 p.m. MDT the National Preparedness has climbed to Level 4 (on a scale from 1 to 5).

[Caution: The stats provided by NIFC have previously proved to be incomplete, erroneous and therefore unreliable. See related blog entries since 2007.]

Preparedness Level 4 is described as “Three (3) or more Geographic Areas are experiencing incidents requiring Type 1 and 2 Incident Management Teams. Competition exists for resources between Geographic Areas. Nationally, 60% of Type 1 and 2 Incident Management Teams and crews are committed.”

As of August 10, nine new large fires were reported: one each in California and Texas; two each in Hawaii and Idaho; and three in Oregon, the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC) Reported.

13 States currently reporting large fires:
Alaska (2), Arizona (2), California (16), Colorado (1), Florida (1), Hawaii (2), Idaho (2), Montana (2), North Carolina (2), Oregon (10), Texas (1), Washington (5), Wyoming (2).

Number of active large fires: 48
Acres from active fires: 440,421 acres
Year-to-date statistics: 2015 (1/1/15 – 8/11/15)

  • Acres burned: 6,290,234

Annual average prior 10 years: 2005-2014

  • Acres burned: 4,517,274

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State of Emergency Declared in St. Louis County

Posted by feww on August 11, 2015

Ferguson State of Emergency: More protests, shooting, arrests

A state of emergency was declared by the St. Louis County authorities on Monday and dozens of people were arrested on the second day of protests marking a year since a police officer killed a teenager, Michael Brown, in Ferguson, Missou ri, said a report.

Brown, 18, was unarmed when he was shot by police officer Darren Wilson in the street.

At least 3 people were wounded in shootings Monday night, according to local reports.

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Disaster Emergency Declared for Colorado Gold King Mine Release

Posted by feww on August 11, 2015

Colorado Governor declares disaster emergency for Gold King Mine release

Gov. Hickenlooper has issued an Executive Order declaring a state of disaster emergency due to the Gold King Mine release and resulting impacts to downstream waters.

Workers employed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) triggered a breach at the Gold King Mine outside Silverton in San Juan County on August 5, 2015. The breach released a plume of more than three million gallons of water containing potentially harmful contaminants into Cement Creek, which flowed into the Animas River and continued downstream, according to a statement released by the governor’s office.

Elements contained in the plume turned the water a striking mustard-yellow, and graphic images of the discolored water have contributed to community concern about river impacts and water quality. The Southern Ute Tribe, the counties of La Plata and San Juan, the City of Durango, and the Town of Silverton all declared disaster emergencies, highlighting the gravity and severity of impacts to Cement Creek, the Animas River, the San Juan River, and downstream waters. Local authorities have closed the affected rivers to all uses, causing significant local economic impacts. The extreme flow rate of the plume caused significant damage to the Cement Creek stream bed resulting in sedimentation uptake and downstream deposits in both Cement Creek and the Animas River. All of these impacts require emergency action by the Southern Ute Tribe, the State of Colorado, and local officials to avert loss of life, injury, danger or damage, including but not limited to unknown economic, financial and natural resources impacts.  The full Executive Order is attached here.

 The Executive Order will last for 30 days unless extended by the governor.

cementcreek -
Massive waste spill “accidentally released” by EPA investigators turns river in Colorado bright orange. Image source: Earth Justice

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Severe Flooding Affects Tenth of Myanmar Population

Posted by feww on August 10, 2015

Widespread flooding destroys 1.2 million acres of rice fields in Myanmar, killing at least 100

Weeks of monsoon rains and strong winds together with Cyclone Komen have triggered massive flooding and mudslides across 12 of Myanmar 14 states and regions.

As of August 8, 2015 [OCHA]

  • More than 61,000 households are displaced/evacuated in the Ayeyarwady delta region and in Bago due to floods.
  • Floods have severely damaged the rice harvest in Rakhine and contaminated water wells by salt water.
  • An estimated 4.4 million people live in flood affected areas.

With over 2,400 schools shut, at least 250,000 children can’t continue learning

Save the Children: “Crops and seeds have been destroyed in the floods and that means that food will be in short supply over the coming weeks leading to fears that more children will be undernourished. As it stands, Myanmar is already one of the 24 high-burden countries with the largest number of stunted children. One-in-three children are stunted, and the food insecurity with these floods could exacerbate the situation.”

At least 100,000 children don’t have sufficient food and access to clean drinking water because of ruined crops and contaminated water wells in flood-affected Myanmar, Save the Children has warned.

More than 250,000 children are unable to attend school, with more than 2,400 schools closed due to flooding.

Crisis in Myanmar

  • One million Rohingya in Myanmar and up to 500,000 Rohingya in Bangladesh are facing protracted crisis and dire living conditions, with restrictions on basic freedoms, access to healthcare and food assistance. [ACAPS]

 

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Powerful Earthquake Strikes Solomon Islands

Posted by feww on August 10, 2015

The earthquake parameters listed below are subject to change due to procedural issues at the source!

M6.9 Earthquake Strikes 175km SW of Dadali, Solomon Islands

Centered at 9.321°S, 158.079°E the quake occurred at a depth of about 10.0 km (6.2 mi), reported USGS/EHP.

A fore shock measuring 5.1Mw preceded this event.

Tsunami Evaluation

NO threat of a pacific wide destructive tsunami.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 6.9Mw
Location: 9.321°S, 158.079°E depth=10.0 km (6.2 mi)
Time: 2015-08-10 04:12:13 (UTC)
Nearby Cities:

  • 175km (109mi) SW of Dadali, Solomon Islands
  • 205km (127mi) W of Honiara, Solomon Islands
  • 443km (275mi) SE of Arawa, Papua New Guinea

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Typhoon SOUDELOR Leaves a Trail of Death in Taiwan, E China

Posted by feww on August 9, 2015

Deadly typhoon dumps up to 645mm of rain in E. China

After battering Taiwan, SOUDELOR slammed Fujian Province on Saturday night, affecting also the neighboring Jiangxi and Zhejiang provinces.

SOUDELOR killed at least 6 people in Taiwan, left others missing and more than 100 injured.

The typhoon dumped 645mm of rain in Wencheng county, the heaviest in a hundred years, said an official report.

“In the provincial capital of Fuzhou, much of the downtown area was waterlogged. More than 10,000 trees had fallen and traffic stalled on flooded streets.”

The storm forced three airports to close, with more than 530 flights canceled. Six expressways were closed due to flooding, and 191 high-speed trains were cancelled, said the report.

 

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Major Disasters Declared in Missouri, W. Virginia, Pine Ridge Reservation, S. Dakota

Posted by feww on August 9, 2015

Federal Disaster Declared for Missouri, W. Virginia, Pine Ridge Reservation, S. Dakota

Missouri Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding (DR-4238)

The Disaster President has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Missouri in the areas affected by severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding during the period May 15 to July 27, 2015.

The areas that were worst affected by the extreme weather events include 68 of the state’s 114 counties: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Audrain, Barry, Bates, Benton, Buchanan, Caldwell, Chariton, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Crawford, Dade, Dallas, Daviess, DeKalb, Douglas, Gentry, Harrison, Henry, Hickory, Holt, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Laclede, Lafayette, Lewis, Lincoln, Linn, Livingston, McDonald, Macon, Maries, Marion, Miller, Moniteau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Osage, Ozark, Perry, Pettis, Pike, Platte, Polk, Putnam, Ralls, Ray, Ste. Genevieve, Saline, Schuyler, Scotland, Shannon, Shelby, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Texas, Washington, Webster, Worth, and Wright.

Federal Disaster Declaration: Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation Severe Storms, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding (DR-4237)

Federal disaster declaration was declared for the areas affected by severe storms, straight-line winds, and flooding during the period of May 8-29, 2015.

Federal Disaster Declaration: West Virginia Severe Storms, Straight-line Winds, Flooding, Landslides, and Mudslides (DR-4236)

Federal Disaster has been declared in the the State of West Virginia in the areas affected by severe storms, straight-line winds, flooding, landslides, and mudslides during the period of July 10-14, 2015.

The areas that were worst affected by the extreme weather events include the counties of Braxton, Clay, Lincoln, Logan, Nicholas, Roane, Webster, and Wood.

The latest Federal Disaster Declaration is W. Virginia’s fifth major disaster declaration so far this year.

The government has proclaimed 34 Major Disaster Declaration [DR 4205-4238] for a U.S. state/tribal area/territory so far this year. Additionally, the federal government has issued eleven Fire Management Assistance Declarations for the year to date.

Fire Management Assistance Declarations (2015)

[FM-5094] 08/04/2015 Washington Highway 8 Fire
[FM-5093] 08/02/2015 California Rocky Fire
[FM-5092] 07/30/2015 Oregon Stouts Creek Fire
[FM-5091] 07/23/2015 California Wragg Fire
[FM-5090] 07/20/2015 Washington Blue Creek Fire
[FM-5089] 07/20/2015 California North Fire
[FM-5088] 07/06/2015 Idaho Cape Horn Fire
[FM-5087] 06/29/2015 Washington Sleepy Hollow Fire
[FM-5086] 06/17/2015 Arizona Kearney River Fire
[FM-5085] 06/16/2015 Alaska Card Street Fire
[FM-5084] 06/15/2015 Alaska Sockeye Fire

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FIRE-EARTH Q&A DAY: The Essential Difference

Posted by feww on August 8, 2015

CJ Members

The Essential Difference!

FIRE-EARTH Q&A TODAY will start @ 21:02 UTC.

 

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Debt Destroying Dozens of Economies

Posted by feww on August 8, 2015

Total net debts owed by debtor nations rises by 30% since 2011—Report

International debt increased from $11.3 trillion in 2011 to $13.8 trillion in 2014, and it’s predicted that it will reach $14.7 trillion in 2015, resulting in an increase of $3.4 trillion (30%) in four years, according to a report published by Jubilee Debt Campaign.

The countries most at risk:

24 Countries already in debt crisis

  • Significant net debt (more than 30% of GDP), and
  • High current government external debt payments (more than 15% of government revenue).

There are 22 countries which currently have high government debt payments leading to large amounts of money leaving their country each year, along with an overall net debt with the rest of the world:

Armenia, Belize, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus,  Dominican  Republic, El Salvador, Gambia, Greece, Grenada, Ireland,  Jamaica, Lebanon, Macedonia, Marshall Islands, Montenegro, Portugal, Spain, Sri Lanka, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Ukraine.  Also, two countries are in default or debt negotiation: Sudan and Zimbabwe.

Sudan and Zimbabwe do not have high government debt payments because they are both in default on much of their debt. Their overall debt is unpayable. Both are currently trying to enter debt relief initiatives, but have not been accepted yet by Western creditor countries.

14 Countries at high risk of government external debt crisis

  • Significant net debt (more than 30% of GDP)
  • High future government external debt payments (projected to exceed 15% of government revenue–or, where projections are not available, current government external debt already over 50% of GDP)
  • Significant current account deficit (more than 5% of GDP).

We estimate that 14 countries are rapidly heading towards new government debt crises, based on their large external debts, large and persistent current account deficits, and high projected future government debt payments (or, where predictions do not exist, large current government debt).

Bhutan, Cabo Verde, Dominica, Ethiopia, Ghana, Lao PDR, Mauritania, Mongolia, Mozambique, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda.

29 Countries at risk of government external debt crisis

  • Significant net debt (more than 30% of GDP), or significant current account deficit (more than 5% of GDP), and
  • Significant future government debt payments (projected to exceed 10% of government revenue– or, where projections are not available, current government external debt already over 40% of GDP).

These countries have significant imbalances with the rest of the world, either through high net debt or high and persistent current account deficits, as well as significant projected future government debt payments.  For some, it may be that the private sector is an even larger source of risk than government debt:

Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Italy, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Niger, Poland, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovak Republic, St Lucia, Togo, Tonga and Zambia.

28 Countries at risk of private-sector debt crisis

  • Significant net debt (over 30 % of GDP), and
  • Significant current account deficit (over 5% of GDP).

Debt owed by the private sector, rather than a government, can precipitate debt crises. This can happen either when lending that an economy has become dependent on suddenly falls, when repayment burdens on private sector debt remove significant resources from the country, and/or when the private sector crashes and has to be bailed out by the government. Those countries are:

Albania, Australia, Belarus, Benin, Bosnia, Brazil, Burundi, Colombia, Fiji, Georgia, Guinea, Honduras, Indonesia, Jordan, Malawi, Moldova, Morocco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Tajikistan, Turkey, United Kingdom and Vanuatu.

Full report posted at: “The new debt trap: How the response to the last global financial crisis has laid the ground for the next”

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