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Posts Tagged ‘antibiotic-resistant superbug’

Superbug Outbreak Could Kill 80,000 —UK Govt

Posted by feww on April 6, 2015

New antibiotic-resistant infections could kill 80,000 Britons in a single outbreak

An outbreak of a drug-resistant infection caused by new superbugs could kill up to 80,000 people in the UK alone, according to a UK Government report.

Some 200,000 people would be infected by a widespread bacterial blood infection that is resistant to existing drugs, says the report.

The report warns:

“An increasingly serious issue is the development and spread of AMR (antimicrobial resistance), which occurs when drugs are no longer effective in treating infections caused by micro-organisms.

“Without effective antibiotics, even minor surgery and routine operations could become high-risk procedures, leading to increased duration of illness and ultimately premature mortality.

“Much of modern medicine (for example, organ transplantation, bowel surgery and some cancer treatments) may become unsafe due to the risk of infection. In addition, influenza pandemics would become more serious without effective treatments.”

Influenza pandemics would become more serious without effective treatments, the report says.

“If a widespread outbreak were to occur, we could expect around 200,000 people to be affected by a bacterial blood infection that could not be treated effectively with existing drugs, and around 80,000 of these might die.

“High numbers of deaths could also be expected from other forms of antimicrobial resistant infection.”

Antibiotic-resistant infections kill about 25,000 people die annually across Europe each year.

U.S. Travel Concerns

More than two million people in the U.S. are infected by drug-resistant superbugs every year, and at least 23,000 die of related infections, according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

CDC recently reported that international travelers were bringing back and spreading a drug-resistant bacteria called shigella sonnei in the US.

Shigellosis is an acute infection of the intestine caused by Shigella bacteria. There are 4 species of Shigella: Shigella dysenteriae, S. flexneri, S. boydii, and S. sonnei (also referred to as group A, B, C, and D, respectively), said CDC.

[S. sonnei strain UCN59, which causes bloody diarrhea and fever, has been found to be
resistant to ampicillin, trimethoprim, sulfonamides, and cotrimoxazole but susceptible to quinolones, third-gen-eration cephalosporins, and doxycycline, said a report.]


Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. CDC

Shigella Transmission 

Transmission occurs via the fecal-oral route, through direct person-to-person contact, or indirectly through contaminated food, water, or fomites. As few as 10 organisms can cause infection. Only humans and higher primates carry Shigella. In the United States, S. sonnei infection is usually transmitted through interpersonal contact, particularly among young children in day care settings. Foodborne outbreaks have been linked to contaminated foods commonly consumed raw, as well as infected food handlers. Outbreaks have also been traced to contaminated drinking water, swimming in contaminated water, and sexual contact between men.

Worldwide, Shigella is estimated to cause up to 165 million cases of disease and 600,000 deaths annually. Shigella spp. are endemic in temperate and tropical climates. Transmission of Shigella spp. is most likely when hygiene and sanitation are insufficient. Shigellosis is predominantly caused by S. sonnei in industrialized countries, whereas S. flexneri prevails in the developing world. Infections caused by S. boydii are uncommon. S. dysenteriae is even more uncommon, but makes up ≥25% of all Shigella spp. isolated in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Shigella spp. are detected in the stools of 5%–18% of patients with travelers’ diarrhea. In a FoodNet study of travel-associated enteric infections diagnosed after return to the United States, Shigella was the third most common bacterial pathogen isolated by clinical laboratories (of note, these laboratories do not test for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, a common cause of travelers’ diarrhea). Most infections caused by S. dysenteriae were travel-associated (56%). Many infections caused by S. boydii (44%) were acquired while traveling, but infections caused by S. flexneri and S. sonnei were less often associated with travel (24% and 12%, respectively). Risk of infection caused by Shigella spp. is highest for people traveling to Africa, followed by Central America, South America, and Asia.

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Disaster Calendar – 13 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 13, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,372 Days Left

[June 13, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,372 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

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Disaster Calendar – 11 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 11, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,374 Days Left

[June 11, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,374 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in global ghg emissions, global heating, global Precipitation | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Disaster Calendar – 10 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 10, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,375 Days Left

[June 10, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,375 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Recent Mauna Loa CO2

  • May 2012:     396.78 ppm
  • May 2011:     394.16 ppm
  • April 2012:     396.18 ppm
  • April 2011:     393.28 ppm

Recent Global CO2 (ESRL/NOAA)

  • April 2012:     394.01 ppm
  • April 2011:     391.83 ppm
  • March 2012:     393.87 ppm
  • March 2011:     391.46 ppm

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in anthropogenic CO2, CO2 Emissions, global ghg emissions, global heating, global precipitation patterns, Ocean Co2 absorption | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Disaster Calendar – 9 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 9, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,376 Days Left

[June 9, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,376 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Disaster Calendar – 8 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 8, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,377 Days Left

[June 8, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,377 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in DWV virus, El Niño, El Niño conditions, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012 | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Disaster Calendar – 7 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 7, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,378 Days Left

[June 7, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,378 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe, Global Warming hazards, global water crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Disaster Calendar – 6 June 2012

Posted by feww on June 6, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,379 Days Left

[June 6, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,379 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe, superbug | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Global Health Alert: New Zealand MRSA Infections Up 3500 pct

Posted by feww on March 15, 2009

Also Mirrored at: New Zealand MRSA Infections Up 3500 pct

New Zealand Cases of antibiotic-resistant superbug methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have exploded since 2004.

Infections have risen from 12 case in 2004 at least 420 reported cases in 2008  (a rise of 3500 percent), according to figures released by NZ Ministry of Health.

Group A streptococcus bacterium, which causes rheumatic fever and can lead arthritis and heart damage, is immune to common antibiotics. In some cases patients infected with the bacterium do not survive.

Unfortunately, New Zealand Government has hidden this information from the professionals and failed to warn the public for nearly 5 years.

In an outbreak at Wellington Hospital in 2004 three babies died and at least 30 others infected. Health workers also revealed an outbreak of group A streptococcus bacterium, which had infected at least 32 children in Kaikohe, New Zealand. However, the government prevented any follow-up information on that case from being released.


Bacterial cells of Staphylococcus aureus, which is one of the causal agents of mastitis in dairy cows. Its large capsule protects the organism from attack by the cow’s immunological defenses. Magnified 50,000X. (Source)

“A new, virulent superbug has established itself in New Zealand ,”  NZ Green Party health spokesperson Sue Kedgley reportedly said today.

Kedgley said New Zealand Government, in response to her written questions, had confirmed that the superbug USA300 had taken hold, with cases rising from 12 to 420 in the last four years, the report said.

“This strain is contagious, easily misdiagnosed and resistant to many antibiotics,” she said.

“It is a cause of huge concern overseas because it is virulent and contagious and is associated with serious skin infection outbreaks, particularly amongst sports teams.”

“This strain of MRSA is contagious, easily misdiagnosed and resistant to many antibiotics,” said Ms Kedgley.

“It is a cause of huge concern overseas, because it is virulent and contagious, and is associated with serious skin infection outbreaks, particularly amongst sports teams.”

“The Government has failed to set up a national surveillance system that the Green Party secured funding for last year. The weekly monitoring programme for the superbug MRSA was stopped in 2005. It appears that DHBs have been left to cope in isolation with this new outbreak,” Ms Kedgley said.

What is Staphylococcus aureus? [Source: CDC]

Staphylococcus aureus, often referred to simply as “staph,” is a bacteria commonly found on the skin and in the nose of healthy people. Occasionally, staphylococci can get into the body and cause an infection. This infection can be minor (such as pimples, boils, and other skin conditions) or serious and sometimes fatal (such as blood infections or pneumonia). Staph. aureus is a common organism and can be found in the nostrils of up to 30% of persons. Person-to-person transmission is the usual form of spread and occurs through contact with secretions from infected skin lesions, nasal discharge or spread via the hands.

What is MRSA?

MRSA are staphylococci that are resistant to the antibiotic, methicillin, and other commonly used antibiotics such as penicillin and cephalosporins. These germs have a unique gene that causes them to be unaffected by all but the highest concentrations of these antibiotics. Therefore, alternate antibiotics must be used to treat persons infected with MRSA. Vancomycin has been the most effective and reliable drug in these cases, but is used intravenously and is not effective for treatment of MRSA when taken by mouth.

More information on MRSA from CDC:  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

In 2005, MRSA killed 19,000 people in the United States—more than 1.5 times as many people than died of AIDS that year.

Related Links:

For Recent New Zealand Health Warning Click Here

Posted in dairy cows, Kaikohe outbreak, USA300, Vancomycin, Wellington Hospital | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »