Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Posts Tagged ‘Argentina Drought’

Drought Destroys Fifth of Argentine Corn Crop

Posted by feww on January 6, 2012

Grain fields across Argentina’s Pampas region destroyed by drought

An estimated 20 percent of Argentina’s corn crop has been roasted by drought and parching southern hemisphere summer sun.

Disaster Calendar 2012 – January 6

[January 6, 2012]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,531 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

  • Argentina.  Drought and blazing summer sun have destroyed about a fifth of Argentina’s corn crop.
    • Farmers have stopped late-season corn planting.
    • The lingering drought also threatens the country’s soy harvest.
    • Argentina’s corn harvest forecast is down by 5 million to 7 million metric tons and soybean harvest by 3 million tons, reports said.
    • December rainfall was down to an overall average of about 25mm, down sharply from 85-mm average in December 2010.
    • Argentina is world’s 2nd-largest corn exporter and 3rd largest soybean seller.
    • The country supplies about 20 percent of the world’s traded corn, and half the soymeal.
  • Chile. About 60 wildfires have killed, injured or left up to a dozen firefighters missing.
    • Blazes fanned by high winds, have consumed hundreds of homes and destroyed at least 50,000 hectares of woodland and brush since December 26, 2011.
    • Some of the fires were reportedly started by arsonists, one by an Israeli tourist.
    • Chilean President Pinera has invoked anti-terror legislation, which allows for steeper punishments.
    • A blaze in Biobio region has destroyed about 190 hectares of apple trees, cherry orchards and vineyards, a report said.
    • “Up to 300 farmers have lost or suffered damage to their crops, apiaries, warehouses and equipment. It’s estimated the blazes have claimed 67 greenhouses, 640 head of livestock and 650 beehives.”
    • The Agriculture Minister has declared a state of emergency in Quillón, Ránquil, San Rosendo and Florida provinces.
    • An unusually hot and dry weather has prevailed in Chile in the past few months.
  • Netherlands. About 1,000 villagers from four villages in the province of Groningen, the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands, are being evacuated after an inland dyke began leaking, and threatened to break amid torrential rains.
    • Local authorities are also moving thousands of cattle from farms in the flood-risk areas.
    • “Hundreds of acres of land would flood in a matter of hours, while the water level in the area would rise to at least 1.50 meters. This is why we started the evacuation,” a local official said at a news conference.

Global Disaster Links

Posted in 2011 Disaster Calendar, 2012 Disaster Calendar, climate impact on food production, Food scarcity, Food Crisis, food insecurity, food self sufficiency, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global drought | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

More Droughts in 2009

Posted by feww on February 25, 2009

Argentina’s 2009 crop production was 40-70 lower than in 2008, depending on the crop

Drought in Argentina


NASA Earth Observatory Image: acquired February 23, 2009


NASA Earth Observatory Image: acquired February 22, 2008

USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) reported a severe drought in southern South America, which had severely affected corn, cotton, and soybean crops in Argentina. Total rainfall since December was far below normal in most areas, and the rain that did fall often did not coincide with key points in crops’ growing cycles. Dust storms occurred in January and again in February, despite some late-to-arrive rains.

[NOTE: Dust storms destroy topsoil and accelerate land erosion. According to estimates made by our colleagues at EDRO, by 2012 critically low levels of top soil will have been reached at which point significant crop failures would occur worldwide.]

This pair of natural-color (photo-like) images from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite contrasts 2009 conditions (top) in southern Buenos Aires province with the conditions in 2008 (bottom), a more normal year. The province is one of the country’s major corn-growing areas. The difference in overall greenness is dramatic. In 2008, the area was a checkerboard of lush green, a sign that crops were healthy. In the 2009 image, the landscape was pale green and tan, reflecting the struggle that natural and cultivated vegetation was having with the hot, dry summer.

FAS analyst Denise McWilliams said 2009 crop production was 30-60 percent of what it was in 2008, depending on the crop. Drought stress made the corn crop susceptible to insect pests, and in some fields, farmers simply baled the stunted corn crop for use as livestock forage. Likewise, extreme heat and drought struck the season’s first soybean crop during its flowering and seed pod development phase. Meanwhile, the drought and heat caused wide differences in the height and maturity level of cotton crops, even within the same field, which was expected to complicate the harvest.

References:

  • USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Office of Global Analysis. (2009, February). World Agricultural Production. (pdf) Accessed February 23, 2009.

NASA images by Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team. Caption by Rebecca Lindsey [with minor editions made by FEWW], with input provided Denise McWilliams, USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.

Instrument:  Terra – MODIS

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