Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Posts Tagged ‘carbon emissions’

Asked the planet about 2ºC plan before singing Kumbaya?

Posted by feww on December 13, 2015

sent by a reader

Paris pact aims to keep global warming below 2ºC (3.6F) —ROFLOL
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Obama says Paris climate pact ‘best chance’ to save the planet

When leader of the so-called “free-world” calls the Paris pact the “best chance” to save the planet, what exactly does he mean?

Because if the planet needs saving from something, it would be from the ceaseless and ever-worsening anthropogenic assault that is directed at her.

“Today the American people can be proud because this historic agreement is a tribute to American leadership. Over the past seven years, we’ve transformed the United States into the global leader in fighting climate change,” Obama said.

Paris Agreement

The “Paris Agreement” draft , which comprises of 31 pages states that it recognizes “that climate change represents an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies and the planet and thus requires the widest possible cooperation by all countries, and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, with a view to accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions […] in order to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2ºC above pre-industrial levels by reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or to 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels…”

“Fighting Climate Change”

Exactly how do you do that? Would be like fighting ISIL in Syria?

“Together, we’ve shown what’s possible when the world stands as one.” Said Mr Obama [and nothing less than singing Kumbaya out loud would do. ]

Paris accord a legally binding treaty?

The Paris pact, unlike the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, is not even a legally binding treaty.

“Senate leadership has already been outspoken in its positions that the United States is not legally bound to any agreement setting emissions targets or any financial commitment to it without approval by Congress,” said Senator James Mountain “Jim” Inhofe, Chairman of the Senate Environment Committee.

What Others Said

  • “The Paris Climate Conference is a crucial point in the global climate governance process. The outcome has a real bearing on human beings’ undertakings in climate change and our future of sustainable development,” said China’s Special Representative on Climate Change Xie Zhenhua.
  • “It is the best outcome we could have hoped for, not just for the Least Developed Countries, but for all citizens of the world,” said Giza Gaspar Martins, the head of a group representing some of the world’s poorest countries.
  • The GOP presidential “previously front-runner” Donald Trump has previously expressed his doubt about science that relates the warming of the climate to carbon emissions, insisting the global temperature “goes up and it goes down.”
  • “We cannot afford to be slowed by the climate skeptics or deterred by the defeatists who doubt America’s ability to meet this challenge,” said Hillary Clinton, the other party’s presidential front-runner.
  • Scientists now fear [realized?] the climate tipping point could occur at temperatures lower than 2ºC above the pre-industrial levels. So they have changed their tune to keeping the rise at “well below” the previous target, or +1.5ºC.

And the Planet?

She’ll have the last say, to be sure, and you will no doubt hear from her!

Posted in News Alert | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Weekly Average CO2 at Mauna Loa Tops 400ppm

Posted by feww on June 4, 2013

Accelerating Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Up-to-date weekly average CO2 at Mauna Loa

  • Week beginning on May 26, 2013:     400.03 ppm
  • Weekly value from 1 year ago:     396.43 ppm
  • Weekly value from 10 years ago:     378.57 ppm

Recent Monthly Average Mauna Loa CO2

  • April 2013:     398.40 ppm
  • April 2012:     396.18 ppm

Recent Global CO2

  • March 2013:     396.52 ppm
  • March 2012:     393.57 ppm

Related Links

 

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Global Food Crisis | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

4,024,776,626,758,050

Posted by feww on May 31, 2011

Total Atmospheric CO2e: 4,024.78 Gt

CO2 at Mauna Loa (weekly average)

Week of May 22, 2011: 394.97 ppm

  • Weekly value from 1 year ago:   393.06 ppm
  • Weekly value from 10 years ago:   373.93 ppm

Based on the above data, total atmospheric CO2 TODAY:

3,081,994,507,051.11 Mt [3,082Gt]

Combined impact of Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Methane (CH4) and CFC 12 ( CCl2F2) calculated at their full global warming potential: 30.59% of the CO2 Impact, or the CO2 equivalent of

942,782,119,706.94 Mt CO2e [942 Gt CO2e]

Effective Total: 4,024.78 GtCO2e

[MT: Metric Tons;  Gt: Gigatons; CO2e: Carbon Dioxide Equivalent; ppm: parts per million by volume]

Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (ESRL)

The graph, updated weekly, shows as individual points daily mean CO2 up to and including the week (Sunday through Saturday) previous to today. The daily means are based on hours during which CO2 was likely representative of “background” conditions, defined as times when the measurement is representative of air at mid-altitudes over the Pacific Ocean. That air has had several days time or more to mix, smoothing out most of the CO2 variability encountered elsewhere, making the measurements representative of CO2 over hundreds of km or more. The selection process is designed to filter out any influence of nearby emissions, or removals, of CO2 such as caused by the vegetation on the island of Hawaii, and likewise emissions from the volcanic crater of Mauna Loa. For details, see ”How we measure background CO2 levels at Mauna Loa”. The same measurement principles also apply elsewhere. The weekly mean (red bar) is simply the average of all days in the week for which a background value could be defined. The average standard deviation of day to day variability, calculated as the difference from the appropriate weekly mean, equals 0.38 ppm for the entire record. As a visual aid, the blue lines present monthly means of background data as they are presented under Recent Monthly CO2 at Mauna Loa. These data are still preliminary, pending recalibrations of reference gases and other quality control checks. Image and Caption: ESRL.  Click images to enlarge.


This figure shows the atmospheric increase of CO2 over 280 ppm in weekly averages of CO2 observed at Mauna Loa. The value of 280 ppm is chosen as representative of pre-industrial air because it is close to the average of CO2 measured and dated with high time resolution between the years 1000 and 1800 in an ice core from Law Dome, Antarctica. [Etheridge et al., 1996]. Although the time resolution of old air locked in ice cores is not enough to preserve seasonal cycles, there is no doubt that the seasonal cycle, which is mostly caused by photosynthesis and respiration of ecosystems on land, was similar to what we observe today. Therefore, for the comparison with pre-industrial times the Mauna Loa weekly data have been first deseasonalized by subtracting the observed average seasonal cycle, and then subtracting 280 ppm. The enhancement of the CO2 mole fraction in the atmosphere over pre-industrial is expressed both as ppm and as a percentage change since the year 1800. Data are reported as a dry air mole fraction defined as the number of molecules of carbon dioxide divided by the number of all molecules in air, including CO2 itself, after water vapor has been removed. The mole fraction is expressed as parts per million (ppm). Example: 0.000400 is expressed as 400 ppm.  Image and Caption: ESRL 

CO2 emissions reach a record high in 2010

Energy-related carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2010 broke all previous records, according to the latest estimates by the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Recent Mauna Loa CO2

The graph shows recent monthly mean carbon dioxide measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii.


The last four complete years of the Mauna Loa CO2 record plus the current year are shown. Data are reported as a dry air mole fraction defined as the number of molecules of carbon dioxide divided by the number of all molecules in air, including CO2 itself, after water vapor has been removed. The mole fraction is expressed as parts per million (ppm). Example: 0.000400 is expressed as 400 ppm.

In the above figure, the dashed red line with diamond symbols represents the monthly mean values, centered on the middle of each month. The black line with the square symbols represents the same, after correction for the average seasonal cycle. The latter is determined as a moving average of SEVEN adjacent seasonal cycles centered on the month to be corrected, except for the first and last THREE and one-half years of the record, where the seasonal cycle has been averaged over the first and last SEVEN years, respectively.

The last year of data are still preliminary, pending recalibrations of reference gases and other quality control checks. The Mauna Loa data are being obtained at an altitude of 3400 m in the northern subtropics, and may not be the same as the globally averaged CO2 concentration at the surface.   Image and Caption: ESRL

Full Mauna Loa CO2 record


Monthly mean atmospheric carbon dioxide at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii –
The carbon dioxide data (red curve), measured as the mole fraction in dry air, on Mauna Loa constitute the longest record of direct measurements of CO2 in the atmosphere. They were started by C. David Keeling of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in March of 1958 at a facility of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [Keeling, 1976]. NOAA started its own CO2 measurements in May of 1974, and they have run in parallel with those made by Scripps since then [Thoning, 1989]. The black curve represents the seasonally corrected data.

Data are reported as a dry mole fraction defined as the number of molecules of carbon dioxide divided by the number of molecules of dry air multiplied by one million (ppm).  Image and Caption: ESRL    -Data Set Available HERE

Related Links

Posted in CO2 Emissions | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

An Upside of the Economic Downturn

Posted by feww on April 1, 2009

Airlines are flying less and polluting less, but that’s not enough!

Airlines carbon emissions may decrease by about 8 percent in 2009 because the airlines are slashing flights due to a drop in both cargo and passenger demand, Reuters reported.

“About 6 percent of the forecast carbon cut will come as a result of carriers flying fewer planes in 2009, and a further 1.8 percent reflects steps to improve energy efficiency [sic,]” the International Air Transport Association (IATA) was reported as saying.

IATA Director-General Giovanni Bisignani also reported that the airline industry will lose up to $5 billion in 2009 due to the economic slowdown.

Japan Airline (JAL), one of the world’s major airlines, has lost about 20 percent of its passengers and 40 percent of its freight business.

Horrendous Airline Stats

Related Links:

Stop Polluting Our Air!

Posted in CO2, economic slowdown, flying less, greenhouse gasses, polluting less | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »