Fire Earth

Mass die-offs from anthropogenic assault on Earth, and planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin by 2016

Posts Tagged ‘chile’

“Himalayan Tsunami” Damaged or Destroyed 4,000 Villages

Posted by feww on July 15, 2013

5,748 Missing people presumed dead in north India floods

Northern Indian state of Uttarakhand has officially declared that 5,748 people missing following last month’s devastating floods will be presumed dead.

Authorities have so far recovered some 580 to 625  corpses, according to various reports.

The floods and landslides triggered by extreme monsoon rains have damaged or destroyed more than 4,000 villages in the Himalayan mountains.

The 2013 monsoon rains in the Uttarakhand region were the worst in eight decades.

Tens of thousands who lost their homes are living in temporary camps, but the authorities are struggling to provide relief  because the remote  areas are still cut off after flooding washed away roads.

The temple town of Kedarnath, one of the worst affected areas, will be closed to the public for at least a year, government has announced.

-oOo-

Tsunami-like waves hit Chile and Peru

Unusually high winds and strong tidal current generated huge, tsunami-like waves battering the shared coastline of Chile and Peru.

The spectacular waves reaching heights of more than 7 meters (22 feet), plucked up rocks from the ocean bed dumping them onto the shore line and coastal roads, reports said.

-oOo-

Related Links

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Red Alert at Copahue Volcano: Argentina and Chile Order Evacuation

Posted by feww on May 28, 2013

Chile and Argentina order evacuation of 3,000 people living near Copahue

Argentine and Chilean authorities have issued a red alert, fearing that the volcano could erupt imminently.

The mandatory evacuation order covers all residents living within a 25-km radius of Copahue.

The 2,965m tall volcano began spewing volcanic gasses Friday amid heightened seismic activity, with volcanic tremors occurring at an average rate of about 450 per hour.

Copahue volcano sits in the Biobio region of Chile, straddling the border with Argentina’s Neuquen province.

copahue
This photo released by the Government of Neuquen, Monday, May 27, 2013, shows a plume of ash and smoke rise from the Copahue volcano, as seen from Caviahue, in the Argentine province of Neuquen, Friday, May 24, 2013.  (AP Photo/Government of Neuquen, Tony Huglich)

[NOTE: The most probable outcome over the next 96 hours or so can be deduced from the photo.]

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Posted in volcano alert, volcano eruption, Volcano Hazard, Volcano News, VolcanoWatch | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

‘Red’ Alert at Copahue Volcano

Posted by feww on December 24, 2012

Copahue volcano activity could intensify

Authorities in Argentina and Chile have raised the alert at Copahue volcano  in Biobio region to the highest level after detecting continued seismic activity on Sunday.

Copahue volcano
A column of ash and smoke from Copahue volcano rises above the town of Caviahue, a popular ski resort in Neuquen province, Argentina, some 1500 km SW of the capital Buenos Aires. Photo: AFP. Image may be subject to copyright. 

  • Copahue first erupted on Saturday, showering ash on nearby villages and prompting many to evacuate.
  • “The intensity of seismic signals suggests the eruption in progress is on the smaller side [however] we cannot discount the possibility that the activity could turn into a larger eruption,” said a spokesman for the Chilean Geology and Mining Services.
  • The 2,970-meter volcano is in SW Argentina’s Neuquen province, near the Chilean border.
  • About 3,000 people live in the vicinity of the massive volcano, including  the residents of Copahue, the town of Caviahue and indigenous Mapuche communities.
  • The ash plume rose  to a height of about 1.5km (5,000ft) above the crater, said Chile’s emergency office (ONEMI).

Related Links:

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, Volcanic Activity Report, volcanic earthquake, volcanic eruptions, volcanism report, volcano alert, volcano eruption, Volcano Hazard, volcano images, Volcano News | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Disaster Update March 13

Posted by feww on March 13, 2010

Cyclone Hubert: 14 dead, 500 homes destroyed, 32,000 affected, thousands homeless

The seemingly innocuous tropical cyclone drenched Madagascar’s eastern coastline killing 14 people, destroying 500 homes and leaving 32,000 people affected, the government said on Friday.

The National Office for Risk and Catastrophe Management (BNGRC) said Hubert had also flooded thousands of other properties.


Hubert’s visible image
captured by NASA’s AIRS instrument as the storm was making a landfall, showing half of the storm is over land, and half is still over the Southern Indian Ocean on March 11, 2010. Source: NASA/JPL

Home to more than 5 percent of the world’s animal and plant species, Madagascar is the world’s fourth largest island. Madagascar is rich in oil, uranium, nickel and cobalt deposits. The country has a population of 21 million with a per capita GDP of $486 ($1.28 dollars per day). About 80 percent of the population live on less than a dollar per day.

The island is located in the southwestern Indian Ocean on a cyclone path and experiences storm landfalls almost every year.

Chile Quake Aftershocks

Rancagua, Chile. Two powerful aftershocks measuring 7.2M and 7.3M struck central Chile causing significant damage in the city of Rancagua according to various reports. As of posting there were no report of fatalities, however there were reports of extensive damage to roads throughout the region where the shocks occurred.

The aftershocks prompted the closure of several ports.

“All packinghouses stopped working yesterday as employees returned home. Also, because of the tsunami alert, ports were closed for around 24 hours.” Juan Pablo Vicuna, president of Santiago-based Dole Chile S.A. reportedly told the media on March 12.

“The originally expected shipments for this week [week of March 8] will be down around 45%,” Vicuna said.

“The Port of Valparaiso, through which most Chilean fruit exports pass, reopened March 12 and was running at about 60% capacity,” an industry spokesperson said, according to a report.

There were several reports of extensive road damage, power outages and employee fears reducing capacity at several other ports by 40 to 60 percent.

Related Links:

Posted in chile aftershocks, Chile Quake, Dole Chile S.A., Indian Ocean, Valparaiso | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Another Strong Aftershock Strikes Chile

Posted by feww on March 6, 2010

Strong aftershock measuring  up to M6.9 strikes Bio-Bio Chile

The aftershock was the strongest aftershock to strike the region in the previous 72 hours.

However, there was no significant damage as a result of the shock, local officials were reported as saying.


The M8.8 megaquake and ensuing giant tsunami waves caused more damage in Chile’s Maule region and  beyond than did the Haiti quake in that  country, making a mockery of the death toll figure provided by the dysfunctional Haiti govt. Fire-Earth estimates that the Haiti quake death toll may have been exaggerated by as much as 100 folds.  Fire-Earth has now revised down its figure for the number of deaths and injures resulting from the Haiti quake to 5,000 (FIVE THOUSAND). [Original caption: An earthquake survivor walks through the city center after it was destroyed by a massive earthquake and ensuing tsunami, in Talcahuano March 4, 2010.] Credit: REUTERS/Mariana Bazo. Image may be subject to copyright.

Yet Another Revised Death Toll by Chilean Govt

Major Chilean newspapers reported on Friday the government had again revised its death toll for Maule region to 316 (previously 587). The epicenter of the M8.8 megaquake was located in the Maule region.

The Tsunami Oops!

Most of the casualties in Saturday’s disasters were killed  NOT by the M8.8 megaquake, but by the three giant tsunami waves that obliterated the coastal population centers hours  later. The Chileans say their govt told them there would be NO risk of a tsunami.

The Chilean Navy has since blamed the catastrophic failure on “a diagnosis error,” admitting that they transmitted “extremely unclear information” to their civilian counterparts. The authorities have since fired head of the Navy’s Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service [Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada, SHOA,] Commander Mariano Rojas, for failing to issue a tsunami warning [syn: incompetence,] local reports said.

EQ Details

  • Magnitude as reported by USGS/EHP: 6.6 [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.9 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Friday, March 05, 2010 at 11:47:10 UTC
    • Friday, March 05, 2010 at 08:47:10 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 36.513°S, 73.116°W
  • Depth: 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program
  • Region:  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
  • Distances
    • 35 km (20 miles) N of Concepcion, Chile
    • 90 km (55 miles) W of Chillan, Chile
    • 125 km (80 miles) NNW of Los Angeles, Chile
    • 405 km (255 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • USGS Event ID: us2010tla4

Strong Quake Strikes SW of Sumatra, Indonesia

Meanwhile, a strong earthquake measuring up to 6.8Mw [Fire-Earth estimate] struck SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA, at a depth of about 20km on Friday, March 05, 2010 at 16:06:57 UTC.

The epicenter was located at 4.032°S, 100.806°E, USGS/EHP reported.

Distances:

  • 165 km (100 miles) W of Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 345 km (215 miles) S of Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 415 km (255 miles) SW of Jambi, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 700 km (435 miles) WNW of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia

Related Links:

 

Posted in BIO-BIO, Chile Earthquake update, Chile Quake, Chile Quake aftershock, Quake Aftermath | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments »

Chile: Two Strong Aftershocks in 8 Hrs

Posted by feww on March 4, 2010

Two strong aftershocks measuring up to magnitude 6.2 and 6.3 strike Bio-Bio and Valparaiso, Chile

The first thing that ought to have come to mind is, thank goodness Chile doesn’t have a nuclear power plant or large scale nuclear waste storage facility. [The country’s two open-pool research reactors (5MWt and 10MWt) are apparently located near Santiago.]

What if megaquakes struck close to a large nuclear power plant, or two?

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.1 [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.3 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Thursday, March 04, 2010 at 01:59:50 UTC
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 10:59:50 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 33.154°S, 72.064°W
  • Depth: 34.4 km (21.4 miles)
  • Region: OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 45 km (30 miles) WSW of Valparaiso, Chile
    • 135 km (85 miles) WNW of SANTIAGO, Chile
    • 165 km (105 miles) NW of Rancagua, Chile
    • 190 km (115 miles) SSW of Illapel, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 24.6 km (15.3 miles); depth +/- 4.3 km (2.7 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID:  us2010tkan

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W


The two strong aftershocks detailed here are marked in RED on the EQ Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Image Edited and Enhanced by FEWW.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.0  [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.2 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 17:44:25 UTC
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 02:44:25 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 36.452°S, 73.069°W
  • Depth: 19 km (11.8 miles) set by location program
  • Region:  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 40 km (25 miles) N of Concepcion, Chile
    • 85 km (55 miles) W of Chillan, Chile
    • 130 km (80 miles) NNW of Los Angeles, Chile
    • 400 km (250 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Source:  USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID us2010tjbk

Tsunami Status

Pacific Ocean Tsunami Warning Center said there were NO Tsunami Warning, Watch  or Advisory in effect.

Related Links:

Posted in BIO-BIO, Chile Earthquake update, Chile Quake, Chile Quake aftershock, Quake Aftermath, Valparaiso | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Chile Quake Aftermath: Day 5

Posted by feww on March 4, 2010

There would be enough food and fuel for everyone, if they wait long enough: President Bachelet

Death Toll from the quake and tsunami is slowly inching up above 800, but the number of missing is grossly underestimated.

“There is enough food and therefore we must remain calm. There is also enough fuel, there is no risk of shortages … Be confident … Chile is going to stand on its feet again,” the outgoing president Bachelet blurted out on the nationally TV and radio.

Ms. Bachelet, described as  center-left, has again pleaded with Chileans  not only to stop looting, but cease hoarding supplies, too.

She doesn’t accept that her government’s response to one of the world’s largest earthquake was even more pathetic than the dysfunctional “government” of Haiti to their earthquake disaster in January.

Ms Bachelet has urged Chilean’s to help with relief efforts, like every good citizen should. But even Gen Pinochet knew an army cannot march on an empty stomach.

Enter the EXTREME Right

If her government was really center-left, may good have mercy on Chileans because the ultra conservative president-elect, billionaire businessman Sebastian Pinera, can only be described as EXTREME right. To people like him, people are mere numbers on a balance sheet and the bottom line must always be black. Chile may be reentering the “dark ages” again.

More Aftershocks

Concepcion, Chile’s second largest and the closest major city to the epicenter of the M8.8 megaquake that struck on Saturday, was shaken by a swarm of strong aftershocks which  sent the locals scurrying to higher grounds fearing a new wave of tsunamis.

The capital Santiago was also shaken by at least two strong aftershocks on Wednesday.


Earthquake location map (10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W) shows the approximate location of the M8.8 megaquake and 195 aftershock, many larger than M5.0 as 01:00UTC (GMT) on March 4, 2010.  Source: USGS/EHP.

Dead and Missing

The number of dead was reported as 813 by late Wednesday, but there are probably as many as 1,000 people still unaccounted for especially in the coastal villages that were completely obliterated by the three large tsunami waves (which the government had said won’t happen).

As many as 500 people are unaccounted for in Constitucion, one of several fishing  villages which were almost entirely wiped out.

Curfew

Concepcion is currently under an 18-hour curfew enforced by as many as 17,000 troops (3,000 more than the number reported by the media) as well as the local police force. But with so many buildings destroyed or damaged, and residents  refusing to enter their homes in case of a collapse, this curfew must be a very strange one.

Basic Necessities at  Extortionate Prices

A few shops have opened in Concepcion, but foodstuffs are sold at extortionate price, inflated by 300 percent.

Related Links:

Posted in Chile Quake, chile quake aftermath, chile quake dead, earthquake, Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

Chile quake Update 3 (March 2)

Posted by feww on March 2, 2010

Chileans Need Food, Water and Care; NOT Bazookas!

Chilean authorities never cease to defy common sense, or harm their own citizens beyond your wildest imagination

The death toll from Chile’s megaquake and tsunami nears 750

The term Shell shock would of course fail to describe the state of the survivors, living victims, of the Chilean earthquake; they were hit by a megaquake. However, the traumatic experience they have suffered is very much the same as being “shell-shocked.”

Now they need food, water and shelter, but more importantly a caring establishment that treats them as vulnerable victims of a massive shock!

What they got instead, were soldiers carrying heavy-caliber machine guns and anti-tank weapons with the muzzles pointed at them!

“Go on, shoot them, put them out of their misery … what do you care? You’re only doing your job [sic.]” Surely, so long as the copper mines continue to yield and the soldiers receive their rations,  the establishment would have no worries.


Chilean soldiers patrol the streets to stop looting and keep the order, as a building burns in the background after a major earthquake in Concepcion March 1, 2010. Chile’s government scrambled on Monday to provide aid to thousands of homeless people in coastal towns devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunamis, as 10,000 troops patrolled to quell looting. Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright.

Extent of the quake damage

The megaquake struck near the village/town of Dichato instantly destroying three quarters of the town. Then three successive tsunami waves arrived. “The first two were big and didn’t do much damage, but the last one almost wiped the village off the map,” a local resident said.

“Surging waves triggered by the quake smashed houses and cars in fishing villages on the country’s long Pacific coast. In the town of Constitucion alone, 350 people are believed to have died and a public gym was turned into a makeshift morgue.” Reuters reported.

Looting

Chilean government has imposed a curfew in Concepcion and the adjacent region of Maule, where the megaquake struck, after sporadic “looting” broke out. There are images of looters, of course, who are breaking into shops and warehouses, carrying white goods on their shoulders.  But they are a minority. Nearly three days after the megaquake and the tsunamis struck, the majority of the local folks described as “looters” are simply desperate for basic necessities—food and water.

The desperate “looters” have even raided a fire station looking for water.

“The looters are more organized,” said Concepcion’s mayor, Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe, Reuters reported, asking the Bachelet government to dispatch more of those troops with [antiaircraft rocket-launchers and] intimidating helmets to reinforce “law and order” in the country’s second largest city.

Caught between thirst and hunger,  on the one hand, and soldiers armed with bazookas, on the other, the victims are taking their chances.  Unsurprisingly, they are evolving and becoming more organized.

[To the readers who are sitting at home in the comfort of their armchairs  reading these lines: THIS CAN and PROBABLY WILL HAPPEN to YOU, TOO!  CHANGE YOUR SYSTEM and LIFESTYLES, NOW! IT IS ALREADY WAY TOO LATE!]

We find it hard to term the desperate victims as “looters”; they are traumatized folks struggling for survival.

Related Links:

Related Images:

Posted in chile earthquake, Chile Quake, chile quake victims, earthquake, Quake Aftermath | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Chile Earthquake Update 2 (Mar 1)

Posted by feww on March 1, 2010

“No Danger of a Tsunami,” Chileans Were Told!

Death toll from Chile megaquake and tsunami surges over 720

“It’s an enormous catastrophe … there’s a growing number of missing people,” Chilean President Bachelet said, as her government dispatched 10,000 troops to enforce curfews in the worst hit areas, especially Chile’s second largest city Concepcion, and prevent alleged outbreaks of looting.

The surviving victims are desperate for food and water, making the government’s “iron-fist” response highly questionable.

The massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake that struck about 115km north-northeast of Concepcion on Saturday, has left many people homeless, and many more have stayed outdoors in tents or makeshift shelters fearing the deadly aftershocks that are powerful earthquakes to be reckoned with.

The megaquake has destroyed or damaged probably as many as half a million homes, wrecked bridges, highways and other infrastructure. There’s  widespread power cuts throughout most of the country.

Criminal Negligence by the Chilean Authorities

Once again fatal errors made by an incompetent military proved fatal for many ordinary Chileans. Many lives could have been saved if the he government experts had sought independent advice concerning the certainty of a tsunami.

It has now been revealed the Chilean government declared immediately after the megaquake struck offshore Maule, “there would be no danger of a tsunami.”  Their fatal error, which they now blame on “incorrect data” supplied by their “Navy experts” probably doubled the death toll as it now stands.

It’s difficult to believe that the average earthquake “expert” would consider an 8.8Mw earthquake striking offshore, especially in an area with previous records of deadly quakes and fatal tsunamis as “no danger.”

Surely, even a university freshman with some understanding of geophysics, earthquakes and tsunamis, and knowledge of earthquake history in the area, facing a magnitude 8.8 quake, could have put two and two together,  at least erring on the side of caution.

The authorities in Japan, a country almost halfway across the world from Chile, took the precautionary measure of evacuating more than a million of their citizens from coastal areas to protect them against potential tsunamis caused by the Dichato quake.

How could the Chilean authorities make such an incomprehensible mistake with such catastrophic consequences?

Aftershocks Update

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W

Latest EQ Location map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Since FEWW Chilean Disasters Update # 1 posted yesterday, at least 40 additional aftershock have struck central Chile, with two events measuring M6.0 or greater. The aftershocks should continue to occur for sometime.

Image of the Day


Cars and Dogs seeking safety on higher grounds in case “Navy experts” had made a mistake about the tsunami. [Original caption: Debris is washed up by waves generated by a major earthquake near the epicenter in Dichato February 28, 2010. Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright.
]

FEWW Estimate of the Quake Damage

Based on the preliminary information available, Fire-Earth Moderators estimate the cost of damage from Saturday’s megaquake at about US$10 billion.

The Moderators believe the Chileans should consider the earthquake and subsequent tsunami disasters as an opportunity and re-build their communities as eco-centered, low-carbon, intelligent communities.

Any more mistakes made by the authorities in the way they handle the quake and tsunami aftermaths could prove even more catastrophic in the near future.

Related Links:

Related Images:


Posted in Chile Earthquake update, Chile Quake, chile quake dead, earthquake, Quake Aftermath | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Chile 8.8 Megaquake Strikes Offshore Maule

Posted by feww on February 27, 2010

Large Earthquake Measuring 8.8Mw Strike Off the Coast of Central Chile

The Chilean Megaquake with nearly 1 exajoule of energy (about 240 megaton, or 16,000 times the size of Hiroshima A-bomb) has caused much destruction

The massive quake struck about 100 km (60 miles) NNW of Chillan, Chile, at a depth of about 35km on February 27, 2010 at 06:34:14 UTC, USGS/EHP reported.

The mainshock was followed by at least 11 medium to powerful aftershocks, as of posting, the largest of which was a magnitude 7.0 shock.

Fatalities/Damage:

According to a local report at least 50 people have been killed, but more deaths are highly probable as the mega earthquake unleashed massive energy. Many buildings have been destroyed. The power lines are  down and communication links between the epicenter and Chilean capital Santiago are affected.

Tsunami Warning:

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center has issued a tsunami warning for Chile and Peru, and a tsunami watch for Ecuador, Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica.

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,75°W


Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 8.8
  • Date-Time:
    • Saturday, February 27, 2010 at 06:34:14 UTC
    • Saturday, February 27, 2010 at 03:34:14 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 35.846°S, 72.719°W
  • Depth: 35 km (21.7 miles)
  • Region: OFFSHORE MAULE, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 100 km (60 miles) NNW of Chillan, Chile
    • 105 km (65 miles) WSW of Talca, Chile
    • 115 km (70 miles) NNE of Concepcion, Chile
    • 325 km (200 miles) SW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 7.2 km (4.5 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID:  us2010tfan

Political Map of Chile. Click to enlarge.

Tectonic Summary

This earthquake occurred at the boundary between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates. The two plates are converging at a rate of 80 mm per year. The earthquake occurred as thrust-faulting on the interface between the two plates, with the Nazca plate moving down and landward below the South American plate. Coastal Chile has a history of very large earthquakes. Since 1973, there have been 13 events of magnitude 7.0 or greater. The February 27 shock originated about 230 km north of the source region of the magnitude 9.5 earthquake of May, 1960 – the largest instrumentally recorded earthquake in the world. This great earthquake killed 1,655 people in southern Chile and unleashed a tsunami that crossed the Pacific, killing 61 people in Hawaii, Japan, and the Philippines. Approximately 870 km to the north of the February 27 earthquake is the source region of the magnitude 8.5 earthquake of November, 1922. This great quake significantly impacted central Chile, killing several hundred people and causing severe property damage. The 1922 quake generated a 9-meter local tsunami that inundated the Chile coast near the town of Coquimbo; the tsunami also crossed the Pacific, washing away boats in Hilo harbor, Hawaii. The magnitude 8.8 earthquake of February 27, 2010 ruptured the portion of the South American subduction zone separating these two massive historical earthquakes. A large vigorous aftershock sequence can be expected from this earthquake. (Source: USGS)

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,75°W – UPDATE

Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Historic Seismicity (USGS/EHP)

Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green

Seismic Hazard Map

Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green

Population Exposure Maps (USGS)


USGS Population Exposure MAP. Click image to enlarge. Click here for PDF version.


USGS Population ShakeMAP. Click image to enlarge.

Other Events:

Meanwhile, GFZ Potsdam – Earthquake Bulletin reported a magnitude 5.8 earthquake in San Juan Province, Argentina, about 600 km NNE of the Chile quake:

Region: San Juan Province, Argentina
Time: 2010-02-27 06:51:19.4 UTC
Magnitude: 5.8
Epicenter: 68.82°W 31.46°S
Depth: 64 km
Status: manually revised

Fire-Earth Earthquake Forecast:  Up to 4 more megaquakes could occur globally in 2010 with probabilities of 0.8 (78%) descending to 0.5 (48%).

[Note: The frequency of occurrence of earthquakes measuring 8.0 Mw or greater is about 1 event per year.]

Related Links:

Posted in chile earthquake, Concepción, earthquake, earthquake forecast, SANTIAGO quake, Talca quake | Tagged: , , , , , , | 9 Comments »

Powerful Quake Strikes Chile

Posted by feww on November 13, 2009

For the latest quake which occurred on February 27, 2010 click on the link below:

Chile 8.8 Megaquake Strikes Offshore Maule

Powerful Earthquake Measuring up to 6.7 Mw Strikes Offshore Chile

A powerful earthquakes measuring up to 6.7 Mw struck offshore Tarapaca, Chile about 95 km (60 miles) south of Arica, Chile at an estimated depth of 10 km on Friday, November 13, 2009 at 03:05:55 UTC.

This event occurred about 29 km north-northeast of another strong quake measuring at least 6.0 Mw that struck the area on April 17, 2009.

As of posting there were no report of damage in the area.

10-degree Map Centered at 20°S,70°W
chile
Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Tsunami Threat

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (NOAA, NWS) evaluated the event as follows:

No destructive widespread tsunami threat exists based on historical earthquake and tsunami data.

However, earthquakes of this size sometimes generate local tsunamis that can be destructive along coasts located within a hundred kilometers of the earthquake epicenter. Authorities in the region of the epicenter should be aware of this possibility and take appropriate action.

Earthquake Details:

  • Magnitude: 6.5 [Maximum quake magnitude estimated by FEWW at 6.7 Mw] ]
  • Date-Time:
    • Friday, November 13, 2009 at 03:05:55 UTC
    • Friday, November 13, 2009 at 12:05:55 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 19.348°S, 70.246°W
  • Depth: 10 km (6.2 miles)
  • Region: TARAPACA, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 95 km (60 miles) S of Arica, Chile
    • 95 km (60 miles) N of Iquique, Chile
    • 150 km (95 miles) S of Tacna, Peru
    • 1,560 km (970 miles) N of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 6 km (3.7 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID: us2009nyad

More on this quake as additional information become available.

Related Links:

Other Related Links [Including FEWW forecasts]

See Quake Forecast for Mindanao at:

https://feww.wordpress.com/2009/10/04/strong-earthquake-strikes-mindanao-philippines/#comment-4652

Posted in bolivia quake, earthquake forecast, Earthquakes, feww earthquake forecast, peru, tsunami | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 7 Comments »

The Largest Earthquake

Posted by feww on July 25, 2009

Historic Earthquakes

The Largest Earthquake in the World

  • Region: Chile
  • Date and time: 1960 May 22  At 19:11:14 UTC
  • Magnitude: 9.5
  • Location: 38°15’36.00″S, 72° 9’0.00″W
  • Depth: 60km

chile quake-1960_05_22_loc map

Earthquake Location Map. Source: USGS

Casualties

  • Some 1,655 people killed
  • 3,000 injured
  • 2,000,000 left homeless
  • $550 million damage in southern Chile [in 1960 dollar]

Tsunami damage

  • Hawaii: Tsunami caused 61 deaths and $75 million damage [most of the damage occurred at Hilo, with the runup height reaching 10.6 m.]
  • Japan: 185 people dead or missing (53 bodies were never found) and $50 million damage  [“Waves as high as 5.5 m struck northern Honshu about 1 day after the quake, where it destroyed more than 1600 homes.”]
  • The Philippines: 32 dead and missing
  • The west coast of the United State: $500,000 damage
  • Damage also occurred on Easter Island and  in the Samoa Islands

valdivia tsunami
Tsunami-Travel-Time of the earthquake of Valdivia, Chile, May 22, 1960. Contours are one hour intervals. Source: NOAA

The tsunami affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, east coast of New Zealand, southeastern Australia and Alaska’s Aleutian Islands.

Severe damage from shaking occurred in the Valdivia-Puerto Montt area. Most of the casualties and much of the damage was because of large tsunamis which caused damage along the coast of Chile from Lebu to Puerto Aisen and in many areas of the Pacific Ocean. Puerto Saavedra was completely destroyed by waves which reached heights of 11.5 m (38 ft) and carried remains of houses inland as much as 3 km (2 mi). Wave heights of 8 m (26 ft) caused much damage at Corral.

valdivia - chile quake
Valdivia suffered catastrophic damage because of its proximity to the epicenter of the massive quake. USGS

One to 1.5 m (3-5 ft) of subsidence occurred along the Chilean coast from the south end of the Arauco Peninsula to Quellon on Chiloe Island. As much of 3 m (10 ft) of uplift occurred on Isla Guafo. Many landslides occurred in the Chilean Lake District from Lago Villarica to Lago Todos los Santos.

Eruption of Puyehue - 1960
On May 24, Volcan Puyehue erupted, sending ash and steam as high as 6,000 m. The eruption continued for several weeks.

This quake was preceded by 4 foreshocks bigger than magnitude 7.0, including a magnitude 7.9 on May 21 that caused severe damage in the Concepcion area. Many aftershocks occurred, with 5 of magnitude 7.0 or greater through Nov 1.

This is the largest earthquake of the 20th Century. The rupture zone is estimated to be about 1000 km long, from Lebu to Puerto Aisen.

Note that the tsunami deaths from outside Chile are included in the 1,655 total. This is still considerably fewer than some estimates which were as high as 5,700. However, Rothe and others state that the initial reports were greatly overestimated. The death toll for this huge earthquake was less than it might have been because it it occurred in the middle of the afternoon, many of the structures had been built to be earthquake-resistant and the series of strong foreshocks had made the population wary.

More photos are available at Great Chile Earthquake of May 22, 1960 – Anniversary Edition

[Note: FEWW estimates that if an earthquake of similar magnitude struck, say, New York City about 3 million people could perish.]

total seismic moment released by earthquakes 1906-2005
This pie chart shows how the total seismic moment released by earthquakes over the period 1906-2005 was distributed, with the largest individual earthquakes (left side) and groups of earthquakes (right side). The thin sliver of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake is also depicted for comparison purposes. Mw designates an earthquake’s magnitude on the moment magnitude scale.

Earthquakes referenced in this chart:

  • Alaska (1964): Good Friday Earthquake
  • Chile (1960): Great Chilean Earthquake
  • San Francisco (1906): 1906 San Francisco earthquake
  • Sumatra (2004): 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
  • Author Richard Aster (New Mexico Tech) created this figure using the resources of the IRIS Consortium and the USGS. Additional data was generously provided by Lynn Sykes of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University.

    FEWW Forecast: An earthquake of magnitude 9.2 Mw or greater may occur this year.

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    Posted in tsunami | Tagged: , , , | 8 Comments »

    Llaima Volcano Erupts Explosively

    Posted by feww on April 5, 2009

    Chile’s Llaima volcano, one of the largest and most active volcanoes in South America erupts again!

    Llaima volcano erupted again spewing lava and ash in southern Chile and prompting evacuations and landslide hazard warnings.


    Llaima Volcano erupts. Reuters photo dated April 5, 2009. Image may be subject to copyright.


    Llaima Volcano erupts. Reuters photo dated April 5, 2009. Image may be subject to copyright.

    The 3,125-meter-high Llaima volcano spewed smoke and ash about 600 meters into the air with lava flowing about 1,000 meters down the volcano.

    The eruption melted the snow around the crater, raising the possibility of flooding and mudslide and prompting the officials to evacuate the nearby villages.

    The risk of mud avalanches is high, the officials said, which may cause the Calbuco River to rise.

    Llaima volcano, whose last significant eruption occurred in July 2008, is located about 600 kilometers south of the Chilean capital, Santiago.


    Llaima Volcano erupts. Source: Periodistadigital. Image may be subject to copyright.


    Llaima Volcano, Chile. [Dated 6 December 2004 ?] This file is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0. Credit: Jespinos

    Excerpts from Reuters report:

    It said an ash-swollen river near the volcano had swept away a pedestrian bridge, but there was no other damage. Bright red bursts of lava were visible in the night sky as Llaima erupted.

    The office said on its website that there were “permanent explosions that reach 600 metres (650 yards) above the crater. Falling ash is visible and … a flow of lava of more than 1,000 metres (1,100 yards) has been observed.”

    Chile’s chain of some 2,000 volcanoes is the world’s second-largest after Indonesia. Some 50 to 60 are on record as having erupted, and 500 are potentially active.

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    Posted in ashfall, Calbuco River, evacuation order, Explosive Eruption, santiago | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

    Chaitén explosion causes partial cone collapse

    Posted by feww on February 20, 2009

    Chaitén volcano explodes causing cone to collapse  partially

    Chaitén volcano erupted again Thursday in southern Chile, spewing a large cloud of ash, hot gases  and molten rock into the air, sending a river of lava down its slopes after a  partial collapse of its cone. The explosion prompted officials to evacuate about 150 people who had returned to Chaitén town, which lies about 10 km  from the crater, that was destroyed by a volcanic eruption last year.

    Steam rises from the Rio Blanco river after the Chaitén volcano spewed ash in Chaitén, some 1,220 km (760 miles) south of Santiago February 19, 2009. REUTERS/Cristian Brown/Intendencia Region de los Lagos/Handout


    “I looked up and saw a tremendous column (of ash), just like in the beginning, one-and-a-half kilometers high,” said  a resident who had returned to Chaitén despite government warnings.

    “I didn’t see much because it was overcast, and there was this huge column and fierce sound.”

    Deputy Interior Minister Patricio Rosende said Chaitén had experienced “a significant resumption of activity”.

    “Our security team has observed an increase in the size of a column of ash and smoke, with a deformation to one side,” he added.

    “That leads us to presume that there is a collapse of one of the cones. This is more proof of the imminent risk in the area. It is a time-bomb.”

    Luis Lara of the National Geologic and Mining Service  warned that a major eruption could occur anytime.

    “There could be a major explosion that could collapse the volcano’s cone,” said Lara.

    Chile straddles the South American and Nazca tectonic plates, which makes it one of  the most volcanically active regions on the planet.

    With an estimated 2,000 volcanoes of which about a tenth are potentially active, Chile boasts the second largest chain of volcanoes in the world after Indonesia. Some 20 [1 percent] of the the active volcanoes in Chile could erupt at any time.

    Based on its recent analysis, FEWW team believes that there’s an 80 percent probability Volcán Guallatiri (northern Chile) could erupt explosively after nearly five decades of dormancy.

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    Posted in Chaitén town, ghost town, Mass Evacuation, Río Blanco, Volcán Guallatiri | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

    Volcano Watch Special: Volcán Guallatiri

    Posted by feww on February 16, 2009

    Volcán Guallatiri could explode after 50 years of virtual dormancy

    Based on its recent analysis, FEWW team believes that there’s an 80 percent probability Volcán Guallatiri (northern Chile) could erupt explosively after nearly five decades of dormancy.

    volcan-guallatiri-n-chile
    Partial map of Chile showing approximate position of Volcán Guallatiri west of the border with Bolivia. Original map: USGS

    Volcán Guallatiri is a 6071-meter high symmetrical stratovolcano located at the southwestern end of the Nevados de Quimsachata volcano group.  The snow-clad Guallatiri sits west of the border with Bolivia.


    One of northern Chile’s most active volcanoes, Volcán Guallatiri rises to the SSE beyond Laguna Chungará, and steam rises from a prominent fumarole near its summit. The 6071-m-high Guallatiri, a symmetrical ice-clad stratovolcano, lies at the SW end of the Nevados de Quimsachata volcano group just west of the border with Bolivia and is capped by a central dacitic dome or lava complex, with the active vent situated at its southern side.  Thick lava flows are prominent on the lower northern and western flanks of the andesitic-to-rhyolitic volcano. Minor explosive eruptions have been reported from Guallatiri since the beginning of the 19th century. Intense fumarolic activity with “jet-like” noises continues, and numerous solfataras extend more than 300 m down the west flank. Photo by Lee Siebert, 2004 (Smithsonian Institution). Caption: GVP.

    Volcano Name:  Guallatiri
    Country:  Chile
    Subregion:  Northern Chile

    Volcano Type:  Stratovolcano
    Last Known Eruption:  1960
    Summit Elevation:  6,071 m (19,918 feet)
    Latitude: 18.42°S (18°25’0″S)
    Longitude: 69.092°W (69°5’30″W)

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    Posted in Laguna Chungará, Northern Chile, solfataras, volcanic activity, Volcano Watch | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

    Chaitén: Volcano that Doesn’t Sleep

    Posted by feww on December 24, 2008

    Chaitén volcano: Entering 8th months of activity


    Acquired December 5, 2008                                                                   NASA Earth Observatory

    Chile’s Chaitén Volcano erupted violently on May 2, 2008, after an estimated 9,000 years of dormancy. The volcano has since spewed ash across Patagonia, ejecting  pumice as far as the nearby gulf, and sending lahars into the town of Chaitén.

    The town of Chaitén, located about 10 kilometers from the volcano, is seen covered with volcanic ash in this  satellite image captured by Formosat on December 5, 2008.  West of town, ash forms fan-shaped deposits in what used to be Chaitén’s harbor.  Río Blanco is clogged with ash and appears completely white in the image.

    Formosat image © 2008 Dr. Cheng-Chien Liu, National Cheng-Kung University, and Dr. An-Ming Wu, National Space Organization, Taiwan. Caption by Michon Scott.
    Instrument: FORMOSAT-2 – RSI
    Date Acquired: December 5, 2008

    Posted in Global Volcanism Program, lava dome, Río Blanco | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

    Week 33 Volcano Watch

    Posted by feww on August 21, 2008

    13 August-19 August 2008

    New Activity/Unrest:

    Piton de la Fournaise. The massive Piton de la Fournaise on the island of Réunion is one of the world’s most active volcanoes. It is seen here in 1977 with a fresh black lava flow descending the outer NE flank of the shield volcano to the sea. An unvegetated summit lava shield (upper left) was constructed within an 8-km-wide caldera that is breached to the sea. Its sloping northern rim is marked by the diagonal vegetation line at the left. More than 150 eruptions have occurred since the 17th century, mostly from vents within the caldera. (Caption:Global Volcanism Program ). Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1977 (published in SEAN Bulletin, 1977).

    Ongoing Activity:

    The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program. This page is updated on Wednesdays, please see the GVP Home Page for news of the latest significant activity.

    Posted in Climate Change, energy, environment, food, Global Warming, health, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

    Week 31 Volcano Watch

    Posted by feww on August 7, 2008

    30 July-5 August 2008

    Breaking News:

    Color Code Purple

    Recent activity at the Kilauea volcano has increased atmospheric levels of sulfur dioxide in the districts of Kau and Puna, Hawaii, resulting in a spike of sulfur of 9 parts per million, which is considered to be extremely high. (Source)

    New Activity/Unrest:


    Kilauea volcano eruption. Photo dated July 14. 2008. Copyright: Steven and Donna O’Meara. Source: HawaiiMagazine.com. See Fair Use Notice!

    Ongoing Activity:

    [The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program.]

    Posted in energy, environment, food, health, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

    Llaima Volcano Erupts Again!

    Posted by feww on July 2, 2008

    Chile’s Llaima Volcano, one of the largest and most active volcanoes in South America renews activity!


    The Llaima volcano dribbles lava. Cherquenco town July 2, 2008. REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado. Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!

    Llaima volcano, a stratovolcano, is spewing lava, Chilean Govt said, issuing an evacuation order which imposed a 15 km exclusion zone. The lava, flowing towards the Calbuco River, has reached about 1 km from the crater.


    Llaima volcano eruption viewed from Temuco (Araucanía Region, Chile) January 1, 2008

    Source: Flickr (http://www.flickr.com/photos/8556851@N04/2170301355/); License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0; via Wikimedia Commons,

    Llaima volcano erupted on New Year’s Day and spewed ash and smoke on february. The volcano’s last major eruption occurred in 1994. On January 1, 2008, another eruption forced hundreds of residents from nearby villages and tourists in the national parkto evacuate the are. A column of smoke reaching 3000 m high spewed above the volcano. The volcanic ash expelled by Llaima reached Argentina.

    It is feared that that the lava could cause an abrupt melting of snow and producing waves of lahars that could bury the nearby villages.

    The snow-capped Llaima’s renewed activity starts just two months after the eruption of the Chaiten volcano about 525 km further south.

    The top of Llaima rises about 3, 120 meters above the sea level and consists of two summits. Pichillaima, the lower summit is about 2,920 meters high. The ski center Las Araucarias lies on Llaima’s western slopes.

    Llaima is located about 85 km northeast of Temuco and 665 km southeast of Santiago, within the borders of Conguillío National Park, and overloks the Sierra Nevada and the Conguillío Lake. Llaima’s slopes are drained by the rivers Captrén, Quepe and Trufultruful.

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    Posted in Climate Change, energy, environment, food, health | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments »

    World Disaster Update

    Posted by feww on May 18, 2008

    Nargis Cyclone, Myanmar

    Torrential tropical rain lashed Myanmar’s Irrawaddy delta worsening the misery of an estimated 2.5 million survivors of Cyclone Nargis and further hampering the military government’s aid efforts, Reuters reported.


    Monks stand beside a partially damaged Buddha statue in a storm devastated village near Kyacek tan, Myanmar, May 14, 2008, presumably wondering what if the statue was completely destroyed! (REUTERS/Stringer) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!

    The official toll for the dead and missing now stands at more than 133,000, but other estimates are reported the figure as high as 200,000. About 2.5 million people in the Irrawaddy delta have been severly affected and are struggling for survival. Some cases of cholera have been found in the Irawaddy delta, however, the numbers are in line with normal levels recorded in previous years. More Photos …

    Videos (updated May 20, 2008 )

    1. Scrambling for food
    2. Death and destruction

    China Quake

    The earthquake in southwestern China has so far claimed about 30,000 lives. Another strong aftershock measuring 5.7 in magnitude (the 75th in the cluster since the 7.9Mw mainshock 6 days ago) struck about 80km WSW of Guangyuan, Sichuan, China early Sunday morning local time forcing thousands of the survivors to flee the Beichuan area amid fears a local lake could burst its banks.


    Soldiers, relief workers and residents flee to higher ground in Beichuan, Sichuan province May 17, 2008 amid fears a local lake could burst its bank after the 75th strong aftershock struck the area. (REUTERS/Stringer) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!

    The authorities expect the final death toll from the earthquake to exceed 50,000. About 4.8 million people have lost their homes. A reported 500,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed by the earthquake. More photos . . .

    Videos (updated May 20, 2008 )

    1. Rescuers arrived too late!
    2. Quake survivors flee fearing floods
    3. Where’s the money government promised us?

    Government Stats: [May 18, 11:00AM Local Time]

    • Death toll : 28,881
    • Still buried under the rubble: 10,600 people
    • Injured : about 170,000 people
    • Building damage: 15 million building in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces have been destroyed or severely damaged (AFP).
    • Dams and reservoirs damaged: 391 units
    • No of displaced: 4.8 million people at 2,885 locations

    Photo Gallery

    Chaiten volcano

    Chaiten volcano (Chile) is spewing out hot ash and smoke, as it rumbles and creates tremors. Falling ash is clogging up the local Blanco and Raya rivers forcing them to overflow their banks, flooding the area in the surrounding areas.

    The city of Chaiten, about 6km from the erupting volcano, almost entirely flooded, has been declared off-limits for three months by the Chilean government.


    A house flooded by river Blanco in Chaiten city May 12, 2008. (REUTERS/Stringer). Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!

    “There’s been additional volcanic activity that we’re really worried about,” regional governor Sergio Galilea said.

    Chile is home to a cluster of about 2,000 volcanoes (second only to Indonesia), 500 of which are thought to be potentially active. (Source) More photos . . .

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    Posted in Climate Change, environment, food, Global Warming, health, politics, Travel | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 5 Comments »

    The Power of Chaitén Volcano

    Posted by feww on May 15, 2008

    *** Breaking News: May 19, 2008 Philippines Taal Volcano Could Erupt Anytime!

    NASA Satellite Photos: The Power of Chaitén Volcano


    Images taken by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite.

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    Posted in Climate Change, energy, environment, food, Global Warming, health, new zealand | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

    Chaitén Volcano Still Active

    Posted by feww on May 14, 2008

    *** Breaking News: May 19, 2008 Philippines Taal Volcano Could Erupt Anytime!

    Update #2 Chaitén Volcano –

    Chile President: Ash-Covered Towns Could Be Permanent Ghost Towns

    A segment of the pyroclastic tower ejected from the Chaitén volcano has fallen on the surroundings areas amid the eruptive activities that began 8 days ago.

    Chilean President Michelle Bachelet warned that towns surrounding Chaitén Volcano could become permanently uninhabitable. Bachelet’s remarks follows a report by National Geologic and Mining Service (SERNAGEOMIN) which forecast probability the volcano’s collapse at more than 50 percent.

    The increased build-up of pyroclastic material in the magma dome made it prone to collapse, SERNAGEOMIN said. An implosion could result in the “complete destruction of everything within a 15 kilometer radius around the peak, an area which encompasses Chaitén, Santa Barbara, and several rural farming villages.”

    According to vulcanologist Luis Lara Chaitén volcano could implode releasing a streams of red-hot pyroclastic material which would destroy everything in its path. (Source)


    What goes up must come down! Ash from eruption settles on the surrounding area
    Photo by Victor Gonzalez, Partido Humanista
    . Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.


    “Right now, everything is grey,” said Futaleufu Mayor. “We’ve got a huge layer of ash that a passing rain has turned into cement-hard” (Photo: AP) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.


    Chaiten and other towns in the area are covered in ash (Photo courtesy of Victor González, Partido Humanista) Source: Patagonia Times. Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.


    Pyroclastic ash spewed two miles into the air (Source Dailymail UK). Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.


    A dead cow lies covered by ashes from the Chaiten volcano at a road leading to Argentina near Chaiten, Chile. (Photo and caption FoxNews!) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.

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    Posted in agirculture, air pollution, air soil and water pollutions, environment, food, health, new zealand, Tourism, Travel, uninhabitable, unliveable, war agaist nature | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , | 9 Comments »

    Chaitén Volcano: No End Seen to Second Massive Eruption

    Posted by feww on May 12, 2008

    A Shrinking World Series:

    Update #1 – Millions of tons of volcanic ash continue to rain down on Patagonia

    Ten days after the Chilean volcano erupted for the first time in thousands of years, volcanic ash continues to rain down in Patagonia.


    An eruption on the morning of May 2, 2008 forced the evacuation of more than 4,000 people from the town of Chaitén nearby (10 kilometers distant from the volcano) and caused the death of an elderly woman. The eruption continued through to May 4. Towns such as Futaleufú were affected and water supplies were contaminated. The town of Chaitén and Futaleufú were completely evacuated on the morning of May 6, 2008, due to a massive new eruption, with pyroclastic flows and possible emerging of lava. (Source)

    The scientists have expressed grave concerns about the potential long-term environmental damage and the harm to the health of people and animals in the area.

    “It has spoiled lakes, rivers and lagoons, coated plants in a dense layer of gray, and altered the sensitive habitat of animals now struggling to survive. Satellite images show a white stripe smeared across the southern part of South America.” Reuters said.
    Photo
    A bicycle covered in volcanic ash in Futaleufu town, about 1450 km south of Santiago May 11, 2008. Chaiten volcano began erupting May 2, 2008. (Photo: REUTERS/Ivan Alvarado) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.

    “I am tremendously worried because this is an environmental, social and ecological disaster,” said Alejandro Beletzky, an environmental scientist in Argentina.

    “The presence of volcanic ash in the region, which falls constantly, is very risky for humans, plants and animals,” he said near Esquel, about 2,000km southwest of Buenos Aires. (Source)

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    Posted in Climate Change, energy, environment, food, health, new zealand, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

     
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