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Posts Tagged ‘chile’

Significant Quakes Strike Chile, Indonesia, PNG

Posted by feww on July 5, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS 08, 07
.

M6.6 Strikes S of Taron, Papua New Guinea

The quake preceded by a foreshock measuring 5.6Mw and two aftershocks measurin6 4.9 and 4.8Mw, as of posting.

EQ Details

PNG
Magnitude: 6.6Mw
Event Time: 2014-07-04 15:00:26 UTC
Location: 6.205°S 152.821°E depth=10.0km (6.2mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 193km (120mi) S of Taron, Papua New Guinea
  • 214km (133mi) SSE of Kokopo, Papua New Guine

Indonesia
Magnitude: 6.0Mw
Event Time: 2014-07-05 09:39:30 UTC
Location: 1.995°N 97.015°E depth=30.0km (18.6mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 88km (55mi) SE of Sinabang, Indonesia
  • 198km (123mi) W of Sibolga, Indonesia
  • 204km (127mi) SW of Kabanjahe, Indonesia
  • 241km (150mi) SW of Binjai, Indonesia
  • 534km (332mi) WSW of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Chile
Magnitude: 4.4Mw
Event Time: 2014-07-05 11:00:47 UTC
Location: 20.709°S 70.806°W depth=23.8km (14.8mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 87km (54mi) SW of Iquique, Chile
  • 165km (103mi) NNW of Tocopilla, Chile
  • 252km (157mi) SSW of Arica, Chile
  • 274km (170mi) NW of Calama, Chile
  • 543km (337mi) SSW of La Paz, Bolivia

 

Posted in Earthquake Hazard, Earthquake Information, Earthquake news, earthquake report, Global Disaster watch | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Extreme Weather Events Plague Chile, Guatemala, Mexico

Posted by feww on June 6, 2014

EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
SEVERE FLOODING
MUDSLIDES
SCENARIO 023
.

Severe Flooding Inundates Large parts of Latin America

Extreme Raine Events have flooded large areas of Chile, Guatemala and Mexico since Tuesday, causing significant damage to homes, vehicles and public infrastructure.

Meantime, Tropical Storm BORIS formed off Mexico’s Pacific Coast, forcing  evacuations in mountain and seaside communities prone to flooding and mudslides.

Earlier today, the US National Hurricane Center in Miami said:

Thunderstorm activity has increased slightly near the center of a stationary low pressure system located over the southern Bay of Campeche. Unfavorable upper-level winds are forecast to subside somewhat during the next day or so, and gradual development of this disturbance could occur later today [Friday] before environmental conditions become hostile again on Saturday. […] Regardless of development, this disturbance will continue to produce extremely  heavy rains, along with life-threatening flash floods and [mudslides,] over portions of southeastern Mexico during the next few days.

  • Formation chance through 48 hours, medium, 50 percent.
  • Formation chance through 5 days, medium, 50 percent.

Posted in Climate Change, environment, global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Deadly Fire Destroys Thousands of Houses in Chile

Posted by feww on April 14, 2014

‘APOCALYPTIC’ FIRE
CATASTROPHE ZONE
MASS EVACUATIONS
STATE OF EMERGENCY
.

Chile declares a State of Emergency as deadly fire destroys thousands of homes

A massive fire described as “Apocalyptic” devastated large tracts of forest and residential neighborhoods in the Chilean city of Valparaiso, destroying at least 2,000 houses and killing  about two dozen people.

Up to 50,000 people were evacuated, as the fire raged over the weekend.

The Chilean President declared a state of emergency and sent the military to maintain order in the disaster area.

Scores of residents were treated for smoke inhalations and other injuries.

Related Links

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Mass Evacuations in Chile as Fire Destroys Scores of Homes

Posted by feww on April 13, 2014

‘APOCALYPTIC’ FOREST FIRE
MAJOR  DISASTER

MASS EVACUATIONS
CATASTROPHE ZONE DECLARED
.

Chile declares Valparaiso a catastrophe zone

UPDATED at 16:00UTC

“Apocalyptic” forest fire raging uncontrollably in Valparaiso

Chilean President has declared the city of Valparaiso, 105km west of the capital Santiago, a catastrophe zone and put the army in charge of the mass evacuations, after a raging forest fire spread into the city, killing at least two dozen people and destroying more than 500 homes.

“Valparaiso is without electricity at the moment and this means the flame column is creating a Dante-esque panorama and is advancing in an apparently uncontrollable manner,” said the city mayor, adding that shelters had been set up for the thousands of residents that have been forced to flee the blaze.

Valparaiso mega fire - local media
Valparaiso mega blaze continues to grow. Fanned by strong winds from the Pacific ocean, the massive blaze is  moving deeper into the heart of  the city consuming hundreds of buildings, and forcing the government to order mass evacuations, as the the city is declared a catastrophe zone. Photo: Original source unknown,  believed to be from the local media and may be subject to copyright.

 

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

M8.2 Strikes Coast of Chile

Posted by feww on April 2, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
LARGE EARTHQUAKE ALONG PERU-CHILE TRENCH
TSUNAMI WARNING
MASS EVACUATIONS
.

Major Earthquake Hits Northern Chile Coastal Area Triggering a Tsunami

10 Significant aftershocks have struck the quake zone including magnitudes 5.7, 6.2, 5.8, 5.7, 5.6, 5.5, 5.4, 5.3, 4.7, 5.2, 4.8, as of posting.

FIRE-EARTH Forecast for the Total Earthquake Energy associated with this Episode ≥ 0.25EJ. See Another significant aftershock… posted on March 17, 2014.

Earthquake Details [USGS/EHP]

Magnitude: 8.2Mw
Location: 19.642°S, 70.817°W
Depth: 20.1km (12.5mi)
Date/Time: 2014-04-01 at 23:46:46 UTC

Nearby Cities:

  • 95km (59mi) NW of Iquique, Chile
  • 139km (86mi) SSW of Arica, Chile
  • 190km (118mi) SSW of Tacna, Peru
  • 228km (142mi) SSE of Ilo, Peru
  • 447km (278mi) SW of La Paz, Bolivia

m8-2 chile 2apr14
Large earthquake strikes Chile, April 1, 2014. Source: USGS/EHP

  • Tsunami waves are hitting Pisagua, Patache and Iquique, CHILE, as the  authorities evacuate coastal areas.
  • Multiple landslides have blocked several highways,  hampering mass evacuations along coastal areas.
  • The quake rattled buildings in Peru and Bolivian capital of La Paz, about 450km (278 miles) away.

Tsunami Warning/Watch

The first tsunami wave hit the coastal area within 45 minutes of the earthquake, said authorities. A tsunami warning has been issued for all of South and Central America’s Pacific coast.

The following bulletin was issued by the Pacific Tsunami Center.

PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS
ISSUED AT 0131Z 02 APR 2014

THIS BULLETIN IS ISSUED AS ADVICE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIES. ONLY
NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE
DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFICIAL STATE OF ALERT IN THEIR AREA AND
ANY ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN RESPONSE.

AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS

ORIGIN TIME – 2347Z 01 APR 2014
COORDINATES – 19.8 SOUTH 70.8 WEST
DEPTH – 10 KM
LOCATION – NEAR THE COAST OF NORTHERN CHILE
MAGNITUDE – 8.2

MEASUREMENTS OR REPORTS OF TSUNAMI WAVE ACTIVITY

GAUGE LOCATION LAT LON TIME AMPL PER
——————- —– —— —– ————— —–
MEJILLONES CL 23.1S 70.5W 0103Z 0.86M / 2.8FT 32MIN
MATARANI PE 17.0S 72.1W 0108Z 0.56M / 1.8FT 10MIN
TOCOPILLA CL 22.1S 70.2W 0109Z 0.42M / 1.4FT 10MIN
PISAGUA CL 19.6S 70.2W 0055Z 1.96M / 6.4FT 12MIN
ARICA CL 18.5S 70.3W 0021Z 0.98M / 3.2FT 36MIN
ANTOFAGASTA CL 23.7S 70.4W 0034Z 0.25M / 0.8FT 18MIN
PATACHE CL 20.8S 70.2W 0015Z 1.51M / 5.0FT 10MIN
IQUIQUE CL 20.2S 70.1W 0005Z 2.11M / 6.9FT 12MIN

LAT – LATITUDE (N-NORTH, S-SOUTH)
LON – LONGITUDE (E-EAST, W-WEST)
TIME – TIME OF THE MEASUREMENT (Z IS UTC IS GREENWICH TIME)
AMPL – TSUNAMI AMPLITUDE MEASURED RELATIVE TO NORMAL SEA LEVEL.
IT IS …NOT… CREST-TO-TROUGH WAVE HEIGHT.
VALUES ARE GIVEN IN BOTH METERS(M) AND FEET(FT).
PER – PERIOD OF TIME IN MINUTES(MIN) FROM ONE WAVE TO THE NEXT.

NOTE – DART MEASUREMENTS ARE FROM THE DEEP OCEAN AND THEY
ARE GENERALLY MUCH SMALLER THAN WOULD BE COASTAL
MEASUREMENTS AT SIMILAR LOCATIONS.

EVALUATION

SEA LEVEL READINGS INDICATE A TSUNAMI WAS GENERATED. IT MAY HAVE
BEEN DESTRUCTIVE ALONG COASTS NEAR THE EARTHQUAKE EPICENTER AND
COULD ALSO BE A THREAT TO MORE DISTANT COASTS. AUTHORITIES SHOULD
TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTION IN RESPONSE TO THIS POSSIBILITY. THIS
CENTER WILL CONTINUE TO MONITOR SEA LEVEL DATA TO DETERMINE THE
EXTENT AND SEVERITY OF THE THREAT.

FOR ALL AREAS – WHEN NO MAJOR WAVES ARE OBSERVED FOR TWO HOURS
AFTER THE ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL OR DAMAGING WAVES HAVE NOT
OCCURRED FOR AT LEAST TWO HOURS THEN LOCAL AUTHORITIES CAN ASSUME
THE THREAT IS PASSED. DANGER TO BOATS AND COASTAL STRUCTURES CAN
CONTINUE FOR SEVERAL HOURS DUE TO RAPID CURRENTS. AS LOCAL
CONDITIONS CAN CAUSE A WIDE VARIATION IN TSUNAMI WAVE ACTION THE
ALL CLEAR DETERMINATION MUST BE MADE BY LOCAL AUTHORITIES.

ESTIMATED INITIAL TSUNAMI WAVE ARRIVAL TIMES AT FORECAST POINTS
WITHIN THE WARNING AND WATCH AREAS ARE GIVEN BELOW. ACTUAL
ARRIVAL TIMES MAY DIFFER AND THE INITIAL WAVE MAY NOT BE THE
LARGEST. A TSUNAMI IS A SERIES OF WAVES AND THE TIME BETWEEN
SUCCESSIVE WAVES CAN BE FIVE MINUTES TO ONE HOUR.

LOCATION FORECAST POINT COORDINATES ARRIVAL TIME
——————————– ———— ————
CHILE IQUIQUE 20.2S 289.9E 0002Z 02 APR
ARICA 18.5S 289.7E 0011Z 02 APR
ANTOFAGASTA 23.3S 289.6E 0017Z 02 APR
CALDERA 27.1S 289.2E 0046Z 02 APR
COQUIMBO 29.9S 288.6E 0111Z 02 APR
VALPARAISO 33.0S 288.4E 0135Z 02 APR
TALCAHUANO 36.7S 286.9E 0219Z 02 APR
CORRAL 39.8S 286.5E 0251Z 02 APR
GOLFO_DE_PENAS 47.1S 285.1E 0403Z 02 APR
EASTER_ISLAND 27.1S 250.6E 0532Z 02 APR
PUERTO_MONTT 41.5S 287.0E 0546Z 02 APR
PERU MOLLENDO 17.1S 288.0E 0021Z 02 APR
SAN_JUAN 15.3S 284.8E 0039Z 02 APR
LA_PUNTA 12.1S 282.8E 0131Z 02 APR
TALARA 4.6S 278.5E 0218Z 02 APR
CHIMBOTE 9.0S 281.2E 0225Z 02 APR
PIMENTAL 6.9S 280.0E 0250Z 02 APR
ECUADOR LA_LIBERTAD 2.2S 278.8E 0239Z 02 APR
ESMERELDAS 1.2N 280.2E 0327Z 02 APR
BALTRA_ISLAND 0.5S 269.7E 0429Z 02 APR
COLOMBIA TUMACO 1.8N 281.1E 0346Z 02 APR
BAHIA_SOLANO 6.3N 282.6E 0417Z 02 APR
BUENAVENTURA 3.8N 282.8E 0433Z 02 APR
PANAMA PUERTO_PINA 7.4N 282.0E 0427Z 02 APR
PUNTA_MALA 7.5N 280.0E 0429Z 02 APR
PUNTA_BURICA 8.0N 277.1E 0441Z 02 APR
BALBOA_HEIGHTS 9.0N 280.4E 0645Z 02 APR
COSTA RICA CABO_MATAPALO 8.4N 276.7E 0441Z 02 APR
PUERTO_QUEPOS 9.4N 275.8E 0514Z 02 APR
CABO_SAN_ELENA 10.9N 274.0E 0531Z 02 APR
NICARAGUA SAN_JUAN_DL_SUR 11.2N 274.1E 0557Z 02 APR
PUERTO_SANDINO 12.2N 273.2E 0609Z 02 APR
CORINTO 12.5N 272.8E 0609Z 02 APR
EL SALVADOR ACAJUTLA 13.6N 270.2E 0628Z 02 APR
GUATEMALA SIPICATE 13.9N 268.8E 0642Z 02 APR
MEXICO PUERTO_MADERO 14.8N 267.5E 0649Z 02 APR
ACAPULCO 16.9N 260.1E 0711Z 02 APR
SALINA_CRUZ 16.5N 264.8E 0713Z 02 APR
HONDURAS AMAPALA 13.2N 272.4E 0655Z 02 APR

BULLETINS WILL BE ISSUED HOURLY OR SOONER IF CONDITIONS WARRANT.
THE TSUNAMI WARNING AND WATCH WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT UNTIL
FURTHER NOTICE.

THE U.S. NATIONAL TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER WILL ISSUE PRODUCTS
FOR ALASKA…BRITISH COLUMBIA…WASHINGTON…OREGON…CALIFORNIA.

See also:

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecast for Chile (March 17, 2014) and the update posted at Another Significant Aftershock Strikes Coastal Chile.

FIRE-EARTH Models show a large earthquake could strike along Peru-Chile Trench in the coming weeks.

Tsunami Forecast: Large tsunami waves highly probable.

Forecast Details

  • Magnitude: ≥8.2Mw
  • Location: 23.6°S, 70.8ºW
  • Depth: 30km
  • Time: March 17 – April 29, 2014
  • Probability of Occurrence: 0.75
  • Total Earthquake Energy for the Episode ≥ 0.25EJ

Related Links

Posted in earhquake hazard, earthquake damage, earthquake forecast, Earthquake news, Earthquake Warning, Global Disaster watch | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Enhanced Seismicity Continues Along Peru-Chile Trench

Posted by feww on March 24, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
.

More aftershocks hit coastal N Chile

Most significant aftershocks to strike near Iquique, Chile in the past 24 hours include

  • M5.3 (19.744°S, 70.811°W) about 89km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-23  at 20:23:03UTC, at a depth of 23.4 km
  • M6.0 (19.905°S, 70.934°W) about 87km NW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-24 at 18:20:03 UTC, at a depth of 34.6 km

At least 9 other aftershocks measuring 4.4Mw or greater struck the area as of 2014-03-24 8:54:41 UTC.

peru-chile trench quake map 24-3-14
Earthquake Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecast for Chile (March 17, 2014)

FIRE-EARTH Models show a large earthquake could strike along Peru-Chile Trench in the coming weeks.

Tsunami Forecast: Large tsunami waves highly probable.

Forecast Details

  • Magnitude: ≥8.2Mw
  • Location: 23.6°S, 70.8ºW
  • Depth: 30km
  • Time: March 17 – April 29, 2014
  • Probability of Occurrence: 0.75
  • Total Earthquake Energy for the Episode ≥ 0.25EJ

See also

Posted in earhquake forecast, earhquake hazard, earthquake, earthquake forecast, Earthquake news, earthquake report, Global Disaster watch, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Significant Seismic Activity Continues Along Peru-Chile Trench

Posted by feww on March 22, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
.

Significant aftershocks hit Peru, Chile coastal areas

At least 6 significant shocks/aftershocks occurred along the Peru-Chile Trench in the past 24 hours, as of posting. The events include a magnitude 6.2Mw which struck about 96km (60mi) WNW of Iquique, Chile (19.770°S, 70.936°W) at a depth of 15.2km, according to USGS/EHP.

List of the Latest Events along Peru-Chile Trench

  • M5.0, 89km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-22 14:15:38 UTC at a depth of 22.6 km
  • M5.5, 100km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-22 13:29:57 UTC at a depth of 10.0 km
  • M5.2, 83km NW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-22 22:14:57 UTC at a depth of 8.2 km
  • M6.2, 96km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-22 21:59:58 UTC at a depth of 15.2 km
  • M4.6, 14km NNW of Putre, Chile 2014-03-22 14:56:05 UTC at a depth of 125.6 km
  • 5.0 16km WSW of Sechura, Peru 2014-03-22 09:38:46 UTC+09:00 40.9 km

peru-chile trench 22-03-14
Earthquake Location Map (Mag 4.5+ past 24-hrs).  Source: USGS/EHP

peru-chile trench 22-03-14--7 days
Earthquake Location Map (Mag 2.5+ past 7 days).  Source: USGS/EHP

Recent Seismicity

chile 6-2 AFSH- 17 Mar14

List of the Recent Events in the Peru-Chile Trench (March 16 -17)

  • 5.0Mw 82km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17  05:19:34UTC  Depth 12.0 km
  • 6.2Mw 80km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17  05:11:34UTC  Depth 17.0 km
  • 4.8Mw 18km W of Tacna, Peru  2014-03-17 04:14:51UTC  Depth 94.5 km
  • 4.6Mw 65km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 03:28:21UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.6Mw 88km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 02:05:58UTC  Depth 23.6 km
  • 5.2Mw 70km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 01:34:55UTC Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.9Mw 65km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 00:55:03UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 5.1Mw 55km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 00:12:09UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.9Mw 61km W of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 23:08:11UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.9Mw 68km SE of Arica, Chile 2014-03-16 22:54:09UTC  Depth 11.9 km
  • 4.9Mw 84km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 21:29:35UTC  Depth 10.9 km
  • 5.1Mw 36km NNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 21:26:27UTC Depth 35.0 km
  • 6.7Mw 60km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 21:16:30UTC  Depth 20.0 km

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecast for Chile (March 17, 2014)

FIRE-EARTH Models show a large earthquake could strike along Peru-Chile Trench in the coming weeks.

Tsunami Forecast: Large tsunami waves highly probable. (Updated March 22, 2013)

Forecast Details

  • Magnitude: ≥8.2Mw
  • Location: 23.6°S, 70.8ºW
  • Depth: 30km
  • Time: March 17 – April 29, 2014
  • Probability of Occurrence: 0.75
  • Total Earthquake Energy for the Episode ≥ 0.25EJ

See also

Posted in earthquake forecast, Earthquake news, earthquake report, Global Disaster watch, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Another Significant Aftershock Strikes Coastal Chile

Posted by feww on March 17, 2014

MAJOR EARTHQUAKE WARNING
.

M6.2 aftershock strikes near Iquique, Chile

The event registered as a 6.2Mw shock occurring 80km WNW of Iquique, coastal Chile.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.2Mw [USGS/EHP]
  • Epicenter: 20.003°S 70.874°W depth=17.0km (10.6mi)
  • Event Time: 2014-03-17 05:11:34 UTC
  • Distances: 80km (50mi) WNW of Iquique, Chile

Tsunami Status

No Tsunami Warnings, Advisories or Watches are in effect.

Earthquake Location Map

chile 6-2 AFSH- 17 Mar14

List of the latest Events Occurring in the Peru-Chile Trench

  • 5.0Mw 82km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17  05:19:34UTC  Depth 12.0 km
  • 6.2Mw 80km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17  05:11:34UTC  Depth 17.0 km
  • 4.8Mw 18km W of Tacna, Peru 2014-03-17 04:14:51UTC  Depth 94.5 km
  • 4.6Mw 65km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 03:28:21UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.6Mw 88km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 02:05:58UTC  Depth 23.6 km
  • 5.2Mw 70km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 01:34:55UTC Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.9Mw 65km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 00:55:03UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 5.1Mw 55km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-17 00:12:09UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.9Mw 61km W of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 23:08:11UTC  Depth 10.0 km
  • 4.9Mw 68km SE of Arica, Chile 2014-03-16 22:54:09UTC  Depth 11.9 km
  • 4.9Mw 84km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 21:29:35UTC  Depth 10.9 km
  • 5.1Mw 36km NNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 21:26:27UTC Depth 35.0 km
  • 6.7Mw 60km WNW of Iquique, Chile 2014-03-16 21:16:30UTC  Depth 20.0 km

FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecast for Chile

FIRE-EARTH Models show a large earthquake could strike along Peru-Chile Trench in the coming weeks.

Tsunami Forecast: Large tsunami waves highly probable.

(NOTE: This post was hacked. Correct information reinstated on March 22, 2013)

Forecast Details

  • Magnitude: ≥8.2Mw
  • Location: 23.6°S, 70.8ºW
  • Depth: 30km
  • Time: March 17 – April 29, 2014
  • Probability of Occurrence: 0.75
  • Total Earthquake Energy for the Episode ≥ 0.25EJ

Related Links

Posted in earthquake forecast, Earthquake news, earthquake report, Global Disaster watch, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Strong Quake Strikes Coastal Northern Chile

Posted by feww on March 17, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
.

M6.7  quake strikes offshore  near Iquique, Chile

Centered at 19.925°S, 70.628°W the strong quake struck at a depth of about 20.0km (12.4mi) on March 16, 2014 at a depth of about 20km, according to USGS/EHP.

The event, followed by at least 7 significant aftershocks, confirmed ongoing intense seismicity at the Peru-Chile Trench.

Tsunami Status

No Tsunami Warnings, Advisories or Watches are in effect.

Chile’s National Office of Emergency of the Interior Ministry (ONEMI) confirmed a 32cm local tsunami.

Earthquake Details

Magnitude: 6.7Mw (downgraded from 7.0)
Location:19.925°S 70.628°W
Depth:20.0km
Time: 21:16:30UTC on 2014-03-16

Earthquake Location Map

chile quake 16mar14
Chile quake and aftershocks as of 02:03UTC, Monday 17,March 2014. Map: USGS/EHP

Related Links

Posted in Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Raging Wildfires Destroy Thousands of Acres of Chilean Forests

Posted by feww on December 25, 2013

“Red Alert” declared in Santiago metropolitan region as Massive wildfires burn out of control

At least six major fires have destroyed more than 4,000 hectares (10,000 acres) of forest in Melipilla, 60 kilometers (37 miles) southwest of the Chilean capital Santiago, officials said.

National Office of Emergency of the Interior Ministry (ONEMI) has declared a red alert in the Santiago metropolitan region (population: 6.7 million) due to the raging fires and other incidents that have impacted the mountainous regions near the capital.

Fanned by strong winds and high temperatures, the fires were burning out of control for a third day on Wednesday.

More than 2,000 fire crews have been deployed to the fire zones. Evacuations were underway as of posting.

Posted in Climate Change, environment, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

M7.8 Quake Strikes Scotia Sea

Posted by feww on November 17, 2013

Quake Likely Generated a Local Tsunami —FIRE-EARTH

The powerful quake follows an earlier shock measuring 6.8Mw which struck Scotia Sea centered at 60.213°S 47.108°W on November 16.

There are No official Tsunami Warnings, Advisories or Watches in effect, as of posting.

Earthquake Details

  • Event Time:2013-11-17  at 09:04:55 UTC
  • Location: 60.296°S 46.362°W
  • Depth: 10.0km (6.2mi)
  • Nearby Cities
  • 893km (555mi) SW of Grytviken, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    • 1440km (895mi) SE of Ushuaia, Argentina
    • 1686km (1048mi) SE of Punta Arenas, Chile

scotia sea - 17nov2013
Earthquake Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Map enhanced by FIRE-EARTH Blog. The quake was followed by at least one significant aftershock, measuring 5.3Mw, as of posting.

Tectonic Summary

The November 17, 2013 earthquake in the Scotia Sea, to the northwest of the South Orkney Islands, occurred as the result of either left-lateral strike slip faulting on an east-west oriented plane, or right-lateral faulting on a north-south plane. The location of the event adjacent to the east-west oriented plate boundary between the Antarctica and Scotia Sea plates implies the left-lateral faulting scenario is most likely. At the latitude of this earthquake, the Antarctica plate moves eastwards with respect to the Scotia Sea plate at a velocity of 6 mm/yr.

The November 17 earthquake is the latest in a series of moderate-to-large earthquakes to strike the same region over the past several days. The sequence began with a M 6.1 event on November 13 approximately 50 km to the west of the November 17 quake. On November 15, a M 6.8 earthquake struck very close to the preceding M 6.1. Since then, 9 aftershocks have been recorded in the area, ranging from M 4.7 to M 5.4, both near the previous earthquakes and in the same approximate location as the November 17 event.

Though the region surrounding the Scotia Sea is familiar with earthquakes, the majority occur around the subduction zone adjacent to the South Sandwich Islands, to the east of the November 17 earthquake. Just two events of M6 or greater have occurred within 250 km of this earthquake over the past 40 years – a M 6.0 230 km to the west in September 1979, and a M 7.6 160 km to the east in August 2003. These two events involved normal and oblique-normal faulting, respectively, associated with the same plate boundary. Neither is known to have caused damage or fatalities. [Source: USGS/EHP]

Details of November 16 Foreshock

  • Time: 2013-Nov-16 at 03:34:31
  • Location: 60.213°S 47.108°W
  • Depth: 10.0km

Related Links

https://feww.wordpress.com/earthquake/#comment-60050

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M6.6 Quake Strikes Off Chile Coast

Posted by feww on November 1, 2013

Strong Quake Strikes 43km SW of Coquimbo, Chile

The quake follows an earlier strong shock that occurred at 35.413°S, 72.368°W on October 30, 2013.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.6Mw
  • Event Time: 2013-10-31 @ 23:03:56 UTC
  • Location: 30.315°S 71.733°W
  • Depth: 10.7km (6.6mi)
  • Nearby Cities
    • 43km (27mi) SSW of Coquimbo, Chile
    • 47km (29mi) NW of Ovalle, Chile
    • 52km (32mi) SW of La Serena, Chile
    • 73km (45mi) NW of Monte Patria, Chile
    • 360km (224mi) NNW of Santiago, Chile

Earthquake Location Map

chile quake 1Nov2013
Source: USGS/EHP. Map enhanced by FIRE-EARTH Blog.

Related Links

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State of Emergency Declared in Chile as Frost Destroys Crops

Posted by feww on October 4, 2013

Estimated $1 Billion worth of damage to fruit crops in Chile due late frost

Chile declared a state of emergency on Thursday after a late frost caused widespread damage to fruit crops in the country’s central region, potentially hitting wine production, reports said.

The frost has caused substantial agricultural losses, said Chilean Agricultural Minister in a press release. Exporters have estimated the losses at about US$1billion dollars.

“These frosts are the worst that agriculture has faced in 84 years, impacting the area from Coquimbo to Bio Bio,” said the national agricultural society.

Temperatures have dipped to as low as minus 8 degrees Celsius below zero (18ºF) since the start of spring  in the southern hemisphere, destroying much of the crops in Chile’s central O’Higgins region, a major fruit and wine producing area.

Some growers have lost up to a half of their fruit crops including grapes, peaches, nectarines, kiwis, apricots, almonds and avocados as well as vegetables, which will result in hiring far fewer farmhands.

“Fruit and wine are some of Chile’s largest industries after copper. Fruit exports were worth $4.3 billion in 2012 and wine exports were valued at $1.8 billion, according to government figures. Agriculture Minister Luis Mayol said 30 percent of the fruit that Chile exports has been affected,” said a report.

The frost has damaged up to 61 percent of stone fruit crops, 57 percent of almonds, 48 percent of kiwi crops and 20 percent of table grapes, said the report.

However, most crops have not yet reached full flower and the exact extent of damage is not yet known, according to a major exporter.

The Chilean government says about 50,000 jobs may have been lost in the wine industry, said a report.

Posted in Climate Change, disaster areas, disaster calendar, disaster diary, disaster watch, disaster watch 2013, disaster zone, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013 | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

“Himalayan Tsunami” Damaged or Destroyed 4,000 Villages

Posted by feww on July 15, 2013

5,748 Missing people presumed dead in north India floods

Northern Indian state of Uttarakhand has officially declared that 5,748 people missing following last month’s devastating floods will be presumed dead.

Authorities have so far recovered some 580 to 625  corpses, according to various reports.

The floods and landslides triggered by extreme monsoon rains have damaged or destroyed more than 4,000 villages in the Himalayan mountains.

The 2013 monsoon rains in the Uttarakhand region were the worst in eight decades.

Tens of thousands who lost their homes are living in temporary camps, but the authorities are struggling to provide relief  because the remote  areas are still cut off after flooding washed away roads.

The temple town of Kedarnath, one of the worst affected areas, will be closed to the public for at least a year, government has announced.

-oOo-

Tsunami-like waves hit Chile and Peru

Unusually high winds and strong tidal current generated huge, tsunami-like waves battering the shared coastline of Chile and Peru.

The spectacular waves reaching heights of more than 7 meters (22 feet), plucked up rocks from the ocean bed dumping them onto the shore line and coastal roads, reports said.

-oOo-

Related Links

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Red Alert at Copahue Volcano: Argentina and Chile Order Evacuation

Posted by feww on May 28, 2013

Chile and Argentina order evacuation of 3,000 people living near Copahue

Argentine and Chilean authorities have issued a red alert, fearing that the volcano could erupt imminently.

The mandatory evacuation order covers all residents living within a 25-km radius of Copahue.

The 2,965m tall volcano began spewing volcanic gasses Friday amid heightened seismic activity, with volcanic tremors occurring at an average rate of about 450 per hour.

Copahue volcano sits in the Biobio region of Chile, straddling the border with Argentina’s Neuquen province.

copahue
This photo released by the Government of Neuquen, Monday, May 27, 2013, shows a plume of ash and smoke rise from the Copahue volcano, as seen from Caviahue, in the Argentine province of Neuquen, Friday, May 24, 2013.  (AP Photo/Government of Neuquen, Tony Huglich)

[NOTE: The most probable outcome over the next 96 hours or so can be deduced from the photo.]

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‘Red’ Alert at Copahue Volcano

Posted by feww on December 24, 2012

Copahue volcano activity could intensify

Authorities in Argentina and Chile have raised the alert at Copahue volcano  in Biobio region to the highest level after detecting continued seismic activity on Sunday.

Copahue volcano
A column of ash and smoke from Copahue volcano rises above the town of Caviahue, a popular ski resort in Neuquen province, Argentina, some 1500 km SW of the capital Buenos Aires. Photo: AFP. Image may be subject to copyright. 

  • Copahue first erupted on Saturday, showering ash on nearby villages and prompting many to evacuate.
  • “The intensity of seismic signals suggests the eruption in progress is on the smaller side [however] we cannot discount the possibility that the activity could turn into a larger eruption,” said a spokesman for the Chilean Geology and Mining Services.
  • The 2,970-meter volcano is in SW Argentina’s Neuquen province, near the Chilean border.
  • About 3,000 people live in the vicinity of the massive volcano, including  the residents of Copahue, the town of Caviahue and indigenous Mapuche communities.
  • The ash plume rose  to a height of about 1.5km (5,000ft) above the crater, said Chile’s emergency office (ONEMI).

Related Links:

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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Disaster Update March 13

Posted by feww on March 13, 2010

Cyclone Hubert: 14 dead, 500 homes destroyed, 32,000 affected, thousands homeless

The seemingly innocuous tropical cyclone drenched Madagascar’s eastern coastline killing 14 people, destroying 500 homes and leaving 32,000 people affected, the government said on Friday.

The National Office for Risk and Catastrophe Management (BNGRC) said Hubert had also flooded thousands of other properties.


Hubert’s visible image
captured by NASA’s AIRS instrument as the storm was making a landfall, showing half of the storm is over land, and half is still over the Southern Indian Ocean on March 11, 2010. Source: NASA/JPL

Home to more than 5 percent of the world’s animal and plant species, Madagascar is the world’s fourth largest island. Madagascar is rich in oil, uranium, nickel and cobalt deposits. The country has a population of 21 million with a per capita GDP of $486 ($1.28 dollars per day). About 80 percent of the population live on less than a dollar per day.

The island is located in the southwestern Indian Ocean on a cyclone path and experiences storm landfalls almost every year.

Chile Quake Aftershocks

Rancagua, Chile. Two powerful aftershocks measuring 7.2M and 7.3M struck central Chile causing significant damage in the city of Rancagua according to various reports. As of posting there were no report of fatalities, however there were reports of extensive damage to roads throughout the region where the shocks occurred.

The aftershocks prompted the closure of several ports.

“All packinghouses stopped working yesterday as employees returned home. Also, because of the tsunami alert, ports were closed for around 24 hours.” Juan Pablo Vicuna, president of Santiago-based Dole Chile S.A. reportedly told the media on March 12.

“The originally expected shipments for this week [week of March 8] will be down around 45%,” Vicuna said.

“The Port of Valparaiso, through which most Chilean fruit exports pass, reopened March 12 and was running at about 60% capacity,” an industry spokesperson said, according to a report.

There were several reports of extensive road damage, power outages and employee fears reducing capacity at several other ports by 40 to 60 percent.

Related Links:

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Another Strong Aftershock Strikes Chile

Posted by feww on March 6, 2010

Strong aftershock measuring  up to M6.9 strikes Bio-Bio Chile

The aftershock was the strongest aftershock to strike the region in the previous 72 hours.

However, there was no significant damage as a result of the shock, local officials were reported as saying.


The M8.8 megaquake and ensuing giant tsunami waves caused more damage in Chile’s Maule region and  beyond than did the Haiti quake in that  country, making a mockery of the death toll figure provided by the dysfunctional Haiti govt. Fire-Earth estimates that the Haiti quake death toll may have been exaggerated by as much as 100 folds.  Fire-Earth has now revised down its figure for the number of deaths and injures resulting from the Haiti quake to 5,000 (FIVE THOUSAND). [Original caption: An earthquake survivor walks through the city center after it was destroyed by a massive earthquake and ensuing tsunami, in Talcahuano March 4, 2010.] Credit: REUTERS/Mariana Bazo. Image may be subject to copyright.

Yet Another Revised Death Toll by Chilean Govt

Major Chilean newspapers reported on Friday the government had again revised its death toll for Maule region to 316 (previously 587). The epicenter of the M8.8 megaquake was located in the Maule region.

The Tsunami Oops!

Most of the casualties in Saturday’s disasters were killed  NOT by the M8.8 megaquake, but by the three giant tsunami waves that obliterated the coastal population centers hours  later. The Chileans say their govt told them there would be NO risk of a tsunami.

The Chilean Navy has since blamed the catastrophic failure on “a diagnosis error,” admitting that they transmitted “extremely unclear information” to their civilian counterparts. The authorities have since fired head of the Navy’s Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service [Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada, SHOA,] Commander Mariano Rojas, for failing to issue a tsunami warning [syn: incompetence,] local reports said.

EQ Details

  • Magnitude as reported by USGS/EHP: 6.6 [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.9 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Friday, March 05, 2010 at 11:47:10 UTC
    • Friday, March 05, 2010 at 08:47:10 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 36.513°S, 73.116°W
  • Depth: 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program
  • Region:  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
  • Distances
    • 35 km (20 miles) N of Concepcion, Chile
    • 90 km (55 miles) W of Chillan, Chile
    • 125 km (80 miles) NNW of Los Angeles, Chile
    • 405 km (255 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • USGS Event ID: us2010tla4

Strong Quake Strikes SW of Sumatra, Indonesia

Meanwhile, a strong earthquake measuring up to 6.8Mw [Fire-Earth estimate] struck SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA, at a depth of about 20km on Friday, March 05, 2010 at 16:06:57 UTC.

The epicenter was located at 4.032°S, 100.806°E, USGS/EHP reported.

Distances:

  • 165 km (100 miles) W of Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 345 km (215 miles) S of Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 415 km (255 miles) SW of Jambi, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 700 km (435 miles) WNW of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia

Related Links:

 

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Chile: Two Strong Aftershocks in 8 Hrs

Posted by feww on March 4, 2010

Two strong aftershocks measuring up to magnitude 6.2 and 6.3 strike Bio-Bio and Valparaiso, Chile

The first thing that ought to have come to mind is, thank goodness Chile doesn’t have a nuclear power plant or large scale nuclear waste storage facility. [The country’s two open-pool research reactors (5MWt and 10MWt) are apparently located near Santiago.]

What if megaquakes struck close to a large nuclear power plant, or two?

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.1 [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.3 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Thursday, March 04, 2010 at 01:59:50 UTC
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 10:59:50 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 33.154°S, 72.064°W
  • Depth: 34.4 km (21.4 miles)
  • Region: OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 45 km (30 miles) WSW of Valparaiso, Chile
    • 135 km (85 miles) WNW of SANTIAGO, Chile
    • 165 km (105 miles) NW of Rancagua, Chile
    • 190 km (115 miles) SSW of Illapel, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 24.6 km (15.3 miles); depth +/- 4.3 km (2.7 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID:  us2010tkan

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W


The two strong aftershocks detailed here are marked in RED on the EQ Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Image Edited and Enhanced by FEWW.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.0  [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.2 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 17:44:25 UTC
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 02:44:25 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 36.452°S, 73.069°W
  • Depth: 19 km (11.8 miles) set by location program
  • Region:  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 40 km (25 miles) N of Concepcion, Chile
    • 85 km (55 miles) W of Chillan, Chile
    • 130 km (80 miles) NNW of Los Angeles, Chile
    • 400 km (250 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Source:  USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID us2010tjbk

Tsunami Status

Pacific Ocean Tsunami Warning Center said there were NO Tsunami Warning, Watch  or Advisory in effect.

Related Links:

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Chile Quake Aftermath: Day 5

Posted by feww on March 4, 2010

There would be enough food and fuel for everyone, if they wait long enough: President Bachelet

Death Toll from the quake and tsunami is slowly inching up above 800, but the number of missing is grossly underestimated.

“There is enough food and therefore we must remain calm. There is also enough fuel, there is no risk of shortages … Be confident … Chile is going to stand on its feet again,” the outgoing president Bachelet blurted out on the nationally TV and radio.

Ms. Bachelet, described as  center-left, has again pleaded with Chileans  not only to stop looting, but cease hoarding supplies, too.

She doesn’t accept that her government’s response to one of the world’s largest earthquake was even more pathetic than the dysfunctional “government” of Haiti to their earthquake disaster in January.

Ms Bachelet has urged Chilean’s to help with relief efforts, like every good citizen should. But even Gen Pinochet knew an army cannot march on an empty stomach.

Enter the EXTREME Right

If her government was really center-left, may good have mercy on Chileans because the ultra conservative president-elect, billionaire businessman Sebastian Pinera, can only be described as EXTREME right. To people like him, people are mere numbers on a balance sheet and the bottom line must always be black. Chile may be reentering the “dark ages” again.

More Aftershocks

Concepcion, Chile’s second largest and the closest major city to the epicenter of the M8.8 megaquake that struck on Saturday, was shaken by a swarm of strong aftershocks which  sent the locals scurrying to higher grounds fearing a new wave of tsunamis.

The capital Santiago was also shaken by at least two strong aftershocks on Wednesday.


Earthquake location map (10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W) shows the approximate location of the M8.8 megaquake and 195 aftershock, many larger than M5.0 as 01:00UTC (GMT) on March 4, 2010.  Source: USGS/EHP.

Dead and Missing

The number of dead was reported as 813 by late Wednesday, but there are probably as many as 1,000 people still unaccounted for especially in the coastal villages that were completely obliterated by the three large tsunami waves (which the government had said won’t happen).

As many as 500 people are unaccounted for in Constitucion, one of several fishing  villages which were almost entirely wiped out.

Curfew

Concepcion is currently under an 18-hour curfew enforced by as many as 17,000 troops (3,000 more than the number reported by the media) as well as the local police force. But with so many buildings destroyed or damaged, and residents  refusing to enter their homes in case of a collapse, this curfew must be a very strange one.

Basic Necessities at  Extortionate Prices

A few shops have opened in Concepcion, but foodstuffs are sold at extortionate price, inflated by 300 percent.

Related Links:

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Chile quake Update 3 (March 2)

Posted by feww on March 2, 2010

Chileans Need Food, Water and Care; NOT Bazookas!

Chilean authorities never cease to defy common sense, or harm their own citizens beyond your wildest imagination

The death toll from Chile’s megaquake and tsunami nears 750

The term Shell shock would of course fail to describe the state of the survivors, living victims, of the Chilean earthquake; they were hit by a megaquake. However, the traumatic experience they have suffered is very much the same as being “shell-shocked.”

Now they need food, water and shelter, but more importantly a caring establishment that treats them as vulnerable victims of a massive shock!

What they got instead, were soldiers carrying heavy-caliber machine guns and anti-tank weapons with the muzzles pointed at them!

“Go on, shoot them, put them out of their misery … what do you care? You’re only doing your job [sic.]” Surely, so long as the copper mines continue to yield and the soldiers receive their rations,  the establishment would have no worries.


Chilean soldiers patrol the streets to stop looting and keep the order, as a building burns in the background after a major earthquake in Concepcion March 1, 2010. Chile’s government scrambled on Monday to provide aid to thousands of homeless people in coastal towns devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunamis, as 10,000 troops patrolled to quell looting. Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright.

Extent of the quake damage

The megaquake struck near the village/town of Dichato instantly destroying three quarters of the town. Then three successive tsunami waves arrived. “The first two were big and didn’t do much damage, but the last one almost wiped the village off the map,” a local resident said.

“Surging waves triggered by the quake smashed houses and cars in fishing villages on the country’s long Pacific coast. In the town of Constitucion alone, 350 people are believed to have died and a public gym was turned into a makeshift morgue.” Reuters reported.

Looting

Chilean government has imposed a curfew in Concepcion and the adjacent region of Maule, where the megaquake struck, after sporadic “looting” broke out. There are images of looters, of course, who are breaking into shops and warehouses, carrying white goods on their shoulders.  But they are a minority. Nearly three days after the megaquake and the tsunamis struck, the majority of the local folks described as “looters” are simply desperate for basic necessities—food and water.

The desperate “looters” have even raided a fire station looking for water.

“The looters are more organized,” said Concepcion’s mayor, Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe, Reuters reported, asking the Bachelet government to dispatch more of those troops with [antiaircraft rocket-launchers and] intimidating helmets to reinforce “law and order” in the country’s second largest city.

Caught between thirst and hunger,  on the one hand, and soldiers armed with bazookas, on the other, the victims are taking their chances.  Unsurprisingly, they are evolving and becoming more organized.

[To the readers who are sitting at home in the comfort of their armchairs  reading these lines: THIS CAN and PROBABLY WILL HAPPEN to YOU, TOO!  CHANGE YOUR SYSTEM and LIFESTYLES, NOW! IT IS ALREADY WAY TOO LATE!]

We find it hard to term the desperate victims as “looters”; they are traumatized folks struggling for survival.

Related Links:

Related Images:

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Chile Earthquake Update 2 (Mar 1)

Posted by feww on March 1, 2010

“No Danger of a Tsunami,” Chileans Were Told!

Death toll from Chile megaquake and tsunami surges over 720

“It’s an enormous catastrophe … there’s a growing number of missing people,” Chilean President Bachelet said, as her government dispatched 10,000 troops to enforce curfews in the worst hit areas, especially Chile’s second largest city Concepcion, and prevent alleged outbreaks of looting.

The surviving victims are desperate for food and water, making the government’s “iron-fist” response highly questionable.

The massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake that struck about 115km north-northeast of Concepcion on Saturday, has left many people homeless, and many more have stayed outdoors in tents or makeshift shelters fearing the deadly aftershocks that are powerful earthquakes to be reckoned with.

The megaquake has destroyed or damaged probably as many as half a million homes, wrecked bridges, highways and other infrastructure. There’s  widespread power cuts throughout most of the country.

Criminal Negligence by the Chilean Authorities

Once again fatal errors made by an incompetent military proved fatal for many ordinary Chileans. Many lives could have been saved if the he government experts had sought independent advice concerning the certainty of a tsunami.

It has now been revealed the Chilean government declared immediately after the megaquake struck offshore Maule, “there would be no danger of a tsunami.”  Their fatal error, which they now blame on “incorrect data” supplied by their “Navy experts” probably doubled the death toll as it now stands.

It’s difficult to believe that the average earthquake “expert” would consider an 8.8Mw earthquake striking offshore, especially in an area with previous records of deadly quakes and fatal tsunamis as “no danger.”

Surely, even a university freshman with some understanding of geophysics, earthquakes and tsunamis, and knowledge of earthquake history in the area, facing a magnitude 8.8 quake, could have put two and two together,  at least erring on the side of caution.

The authorities in Japan, a country almost halfway across the world from Chile, took the precautionary measure of evacuating more than a million of their citizens from coastal areas to protect them against potential tsunamis caused by the Dichato quake.

How could the Chilean authorities make such an incomprehensible mistake with such catastrophic consequences?

Aftershocks Update

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W

Latest EQ Location map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Since FEWW Chilean Disasters Update # 1 posted yesterday, at least 40 additional aftershock have struck central Chile, with two events measuring M6.0 or greater. The aftershocks should continue to occur for sometime.

Image of the Day


Cars and Dogs seeking safety on higher grounds in case “Navy experts” had made a mistake about the tsunami. [Original caption: Debris is washed up by waves generated by a major earthquake near the epicenter in Dichato February 28, 2010. Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright.
]

FEWW Estimate of the Quake Damage

Based on the preliminary information available, Fire-Earth Moderators estimate the cost of damage from Saturday’s megaquake at about US$10 billion.

The Moderators believe the Chileans should consider the earthquake and subsequent tsunami disasters as an opportunity and re-build their communities as eco-centered, low-carbon, intelligent communities.

Any more mistakes made by the authorities in the way they handle the quake and tsunami aftermaths could prove even more catastrophic in the near future.

Related Links:

Related Images:


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Chile 8.8 Megaquake Strikes Offshore Maule

Posted by feww on February 27, 2010

Large Earthquake Measuring 8.8Mw Strike Off the Coast of Central Chile

The Chilean Megaquake with nearly 1 exajoule of energy (about 240 megaton, or 16,000 times the size of Hiroshima A-bomb) has caused much destruction

The massive quake struck about 100 km (60 miles) NNW of Chillan, Chile, at a depth of about 35km on February 27, 2010 at 06:34:14 UTC, USGS/EHP reported.

The mainshock was followed by at least 11 medium to powerful aftershocks, as of posting, the largest of which was a magnitude 7.0 shock.

Fatalities/Damage:

According to a local report at least 50 people have been killed, but more deaths are highly probable as the mega earthquake unleashed massive energy. Many buildings have been destroyed. The power lines are  down and communication links between the epicenter and Chilean capital Santiago are affected.

Tsunami Warning:

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center has issued a tsunami warning for Chile and Peru, and a tsunami watch for Ecuador, Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica.

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,75°W


Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 8.8
  • Date-Time:
    • Saturday, February 27, 2010 at 06:34:14 UTC
    • Saturday, February 27, 2010 at 03:34:14 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 35.846°S, 72.719°W
  • Depth: 35 km (21.7 miles)
  • Region: OFFSHORE MAULE, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 100 km (60 miles) NNW of Chillan, Chile
    • 105 km (65 miles) WSW of Talca, Chile
    • 115 km (70 miles) NNE of Concepcion, Chile
    • 325 km (200 miles) SW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 7.2 km (4.5 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID:  us2010tfan

Political Map of Chile. Click to enlarge.

Tectonic Summary

This earthquake occurred at the boundary between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates. The two plates are converging at a rate of 80 mm per year. The earthquake occurred as thrust-faulting on the interface between the two plates, with the Nazca plate moving down and landward below the South American plate. Coastal Chile has a history of very large earthquakes. Since 1973, there have been 13 events of magnitude 7.0 or greater. The February 27 shock originated about 230 km north of the source region of the magnitude 9.5 earthquake of May, 1960 – the largest instrumentally recorded earthquake in the world. This great earthquake killed 1,655 people in southern Chile and unleashed a tsunami that crossed the Pacific, killing 61 people in Hawaii, Japan, and the Philippines. Approximately 870 km to the north of the February 27 earthquake is the source region of the magnitude 8.5 earthquake of November, 1922. This great quake significantly impacted central Chile, killing several hundred people and causing severe property damage. The 1922 quake generated a 9-meter local tsunami that inundated the Chile coast near the town of Coquimbo; the tsunami also crossed the Pacific, washing away boats in Hilo harbor, Hawaii. The magnitude 8.8 earthquake of February 27, 2010 ruptured the portion of the South American subduction zone separating these two massive historical earthquakes. A large vigorous aftershock sequence can be expected from this earthquake. (Source: USGS)

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,75°W – UPDATE

Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Historic Seismicity (USGS/EHP)

Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green

Seismic Hazard Map

Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green

Population Exposure Maps (USGS)


USGS Population Exposure MAP. Click image to enlarge. Click here for PDF version.


USGS Population ShakeMAP. Click image to enlarge.

Other Events:

Meanwhile, GFZ Potsdam – Earthquake Bulletin reported a magnitude 5.8 earthquake in San Juan Province, Argentina, about 600 km NNE of the Chile quake:

Region: San Juan Province, Argentina
Time: 2010-02-27 06:51:19.4 UTC
Magnitude: 5.8
Epicenter: 68.82°W 31.46°S
Depth: 64 km
Status: manually revised

Fire-Earth Earthquake Forecast:  Up to 4 more megaquakes could occur globally in 2010 with probabilities of 0.8 (78%) descending to 0.5 (48%).

[Note: The frequency of occurrence of earthquakes measuring 8.0 Mw or greater is about 1 event per year.]

Related Links:

Posted in chile earthquake, Concepción, earthquake, earthquake forecast, SANTIAGO quake, Talca quake | Tagged: , , , , , , | 9 Comments »

Powerful Quake Strikes Chile

Posted by feww on November 13, 2009

For the latest quake which occurred on February 27, 2010 click on the link below:

Chile 8.8 Megaquake Strikes Offshore Maule

Powerful Earthquake Measuring up to 6.7 Mw Strikes Offshore Chile

A powerful earthquakes measuring up to 6.7 Mw struck offshore Tarapaca, Chile about 95 km (60 miles) south of Arica, Chile at an estimated depth of 10 km on Friday, November 13, 2009 at 03:05:55 UTC.

This event occurred about 29 km north-northeast of another strong quake measuring at least 6.0 Mw that struck the area on April 17, 2009.

As of posting there were no report of damage in the area.

10-degree Map Centered at 20°S,70°W
chile
Earthquake location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Tsunami Threat

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (NOAA, NWS) evaluated the event as follows:

No destructive widespread tsunami threat exists based on historical earthquake and tsunami data.

However, earthquakes of this size sometimes generate local tsunamis that can be destructive along coasts located within a hundred kilometers of the earthquake epicenter. Authorities in the region of the epicenter should be aware of this possibility and take appropriate action.

Earthquake Details:

  • Magnitude: 6.5 [Maximum quake magnitude estimated by FEWW at 6.7 Mw] ]
  • Date-Time:
    • Friday, November 13, 2009 at 03:05:55 UTC
    • Friday, November 13, 2009 at 12:05:55 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 19.348°S, 70.246°W
  • Depth: 10 km (6.2 miles)
  • Region: TARAPACA, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 95 km (60 miles) S of Arica, Chile
    • 95 km (60 miles) N of Iquique, Chile
    • 150 km (95 miles) S of Tacna, Peru
    • 1,560 km (970 miles) N of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 6 km (3.7 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID: us2009nyad

More on this quake as additional information become available.

Related Links:

Other Related Links [Including FEWW forecasts]

See Quake Forecast for Mindanao at:

https://feww.wordpress.com/2009/10/04/strong-earthquake-strikes-mindanao-philippines/#comment-4652

Posted in bolivia quake, earthquake forecast, Earthquakes, feww earthquake forecast, peru, tsunami | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 7 Comments »

The Largest Earthquake

Posted by feww on July 25, 2009

Historic Earthquakes

The Largest Earthquake in the World

  • Region: Chile
  • Date and time: 1960 May 22  At 19:11:14 UTC
  • Magnitude: 9.5
  • Location: 38°15’36.00″S, 72° 9’0.00″W
  • Depth: 60km

chile quake-1960_05_22_loc map

Earthquake Location Map. Source: USGS

Casualties

  • Some 1,655 people killed
  • 3,000 injured
  • 2,000,000 left homeless
  • $550 million damage in southern Chile [in 1960 dollar]

Tsunami damage

  • Hawaii: Tsunami caused 61 deaths and $75 million damage [most of the damage occurred at Hilo, with the runup height reaching 10.6 m.]
  • Japan: 185 people dead or missing (53 bodies were never found) and $50 million damage  [“Waves as high as 5.5 m struck northern Honshu about 1 day after the quake, where it destroyed more than 1600 homes.”]
  • The Philippines: 32 dead and missing
  • The west coast of the United State: $500,000 damage
  • Damage also occurred on Easter Island and  in the Samoa Islands

valdivia tsunami
Tsunami-Travel-Time of the earthquake of Valdivia, Chile, May 22, 1960. Contours are one hour intervals. Source: NOAA

The tsunami affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, east coast of New Zealand, southeastern Australia and Alaska’s Aleutian Islands.

Severe damage from shaking occurred in the Valdivia-Puerto Montt area. Most of the casualties and much of the damage was because of large tsunamis which caused damage along the coast of Chile from Lebu to Puerto Aisen and in many areas of the Pacific Ocean. Puerto Saavedra was completely destroyed by waves which reached heights of 11.5 m (38 ft) and carried remains of houses inland as much as 3 km (2 mi). Wave heights of 8 m (26 ft) caused much damage at Corral.

valdivia - chile quake
Valdivia suffered catastrophic damage because of its proximity to the epicenter of the massive quake. USGS

One to 1.5 m (3-5 ft) of subsidence occurred along the Chilean coast from the south end of the Arauco Peninsula to Quellon on Chiloe Island. As much of 3 m (10 ft) of uplift occurred on Isla Guafo. Many landslides occurred in the Chilean Lake District from Lago Villarica to Lago Todos los Santos.

Eruption of Puyehue - 1960
On May 24, Volcan Puyehue erupted, sending ash and steam as high as 6,000 m. The eruption continued for several weeks.

This quake was preceded by 4 foreshocks bigger than magnitude 7.0, including a magnitude 7.9 on May 21 that caused severe damage in the Concepcion area. Many aftershocks occurred, with 5 of magnitude 7.0 or greater through Nov 1.

This is the largest earthquake of the 20th Century. The rupture zone is estimated to be about 1000 km long, from Lebu to Puerto Aisen.

Note that the tsunami deaths from outside Chile are included in the 1,655 total. This is still considerably fewer than some estimates which were as high as 5,700. However, Rothe and others state that the initial reports were greatly overestimated. The death toll for this huge earthquake was less than it might have been because it it occurred in the middle of the afternoon, many of the structures had been built to be earthquake-resistant and the series of strong foreshocks had made the population wary.

More photos are available at Great Chile Earthquake of May 22, 1960 – Anniversary Edition

[Note: FEWW estimates that if an earthquake of similar magnitude struck, say, New York City about 3 million people could perish.]

total seismic moment released by earthquakes 1906-2005
This pie chart shows how the total seismic moment released by earthquakes over the period 1906-2005 was distributed, with the largest individual earthquakes (left side) and groups of earthquakes (right side). The thin sliver of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake is also depicted for comparison purposes. Mw designates an earthquake’s magnitude on the moment magnitude scale.

Earthquakes referenced in this chart:

  • Alaska (1964): Good Friday Earthquake
  • Chile (1960): Great Chilean Earthquake
  • San Francisco (1906): 1906 San Francisco earthquake
  • Sumatra (2004): 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
  • Author Richard Aster (New Mexico Tech) created this figure using the resources of the IRIS Consortium and the USGS. Additional data was generously provided by Lynn Sykes of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University.

    FEWW Forecast: An earthquake of magnitude 9.2 Mw or greater may occur this year.

    Related Links:

    Posted in tsunami | Tagged: , , , | 8 Comments »

     
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