Fire Earth

Mass die-offs from anthropogenic assault on Earth, and planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin by 2016

Posts Tagged ‘Climate Change’

Arctic sea ice maximum extent shrinks to new record low

Posted by feww on March 22, 2015

Record low Arctic sea ice maximum extent also occurs early this year

Arctic sea ice extent appeared to have reached its annual maximum extent at 14.54 million square kilometers (5.61 million square miles), on February 25, 2015, marking an early start of the melt season, said National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). 

The 2015 maximum extent occurred 15 days earlier than the 1981 to 2010 average date of March 12, however, a late season surge in ice growth could still occur, said NSIDC, adding that it will post a detailed analysis of the winter sea ice conditions in April.

Measured at 14.54 million square kilometers (5.61 million square miles), the lowest in the satellite record that began in 1979. the ice probably reached its maximum extent for the year on February 25.  The maximum extent was 1.10 million square kilometers (425,000 square miles) below the 1981 to 2010 average of 15.64 million square kilometers (6.04 million square miles) and 130,000 square kilometers (50,200 square miles) below the previous lowest maximum that occurred in 2011, said NSIDC.

Below-average ice conditions were observed everywhere except in the Labrador Sea and Davis Strait.  This year’s maximum occurred 15 days earlier than the 1981 to 2010 average date of March 12. The date of the maximum has varied considerably over the years, occurring as early as February 24 in 1996 and as late as April 2 in 2010.

“Over the next two to three weeks, periods of increase are still possible. However, it now appears unlikely that there could be sufficient growth to surpass the extent reached on February 25.”

arctic sea max ice 25feb2015
Arctic sea ice extent for February 25, 2015 was 14.54 million square kilometers (5.61 million square miles). The orange line shows the 1981 to 2010 median extent for that day. The black cross indicates the geographic North Pole. Sea Ice Index data. About the data. Credit: National Snow and Ice Data Center. High-resolution image

Temperatures throughout the eastern Arctic were several degrees Celsius above average at the 925 hPa level (approximately 1,000m, or 3,000 feet altitude) during the first half of March, and climbed as much as 8 to 10 degrees Celsius (14 to 18 degrees Fahrenheit) above average in the Barents Sea between Svalbard and Franz Josef Land, reported NSIDC.

Minimum Ice Extent

The Arctic sea ice will reach its annual minimum extent in September (assuming that there would still be some ice left this year!)

The ice reached its lowest minimum cover in 2012 with 2.11 million square kilometers (1.31 million square miles), which was about 483,000 square kilometers (300,000 square miles), or 18.6 percent, lower than the previous record low of 2.59 million square kilometers set in 2007.

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‘Climate Change’ Officially Banned in Florida

Posted by feww on March 9, 2015

Newspeak¹ at the Edge of Apocalypse

Former Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) employees were told by their supervisors  not to use the terms “climate change” and “global warming” in a 2014 staff meeting.

“We were told not to use the terms ‘climate change,’ ‘global warming’ or ‘sustainability,’ ” said Christopher Byrd, an attorney with the DEP’s Office of General Counsel in Tallahassee from 2008 to 2013. “That message was communicated to me and my colleagues by our superiors in the Office of General Counsel.”

Shortly after he was elected, Gov. Rick Scott, ordered a prohibition on the terms “climate change” and “global warming,” according to former employees, said a report. “Low-lying Miami is among the U.S. cities most vulnerable to sea-level rise.”

Newspeak: “Nuisance Flooding”

Kristina Trotta, a field and administrative assistant with DEP, who left her position in January, told FCIR that she was ordered to remove term “climate change” from projects. Those orders came from Regional Administrator during a staff meeting in the summer of 2014.

“We were instructed by our regional administrator that we were no longer allowed to use the terms ‘global warming’ or ‘climate change’ or even ‘sea-level rise,’ ” said Trotta. “Sea-level rise was to be referred to as ‘nuisance flooding.’ ”

“It’s beyond ludicrous to deny using the term climate change,” said Harold Wanless, a University of Miami professor. “It’s criminal at this point.”

Read full report HERE.

¹Newspeak, the fictional language in George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, is a controlled language “designed to diminish the range of thought.” It’s created by the totalitarian state as a tool to limit freedom of thought, self-expression, individuality, and any similar concept that might pose a threat to the regime. Any form of thought alternative to the party’s construct would be treated as “thoughtcrime.”

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State of Oceans Rapidly Deteriorating

Posted by feww on January 4, 2015

Ocean health is being destroyed fast

Health of the oceans is deteriorating even faster than had previously been thought, says a report.

The world’s oceans are facing multiple threats including:

  • Impacts of climate change
  • Acidification
  • Overfishing
  • Habitat destruction
  • Detrimental resource extractions
  • Marine pollution
  • Dead Zones
  • Alien species introduction
  • Loss of  Fisheries

The oceans are being heated by climate change, turned less alkaline (more acidic) by absorbing ever increasing volumes of CO2, made less habitable by pollution and depopulated of marine lifeforms due to overfishing.

The size of dead zones are increasing globally due to fertilizer run-off.

‘Biggest Threat’

“The biggest threat to our Ocean’s health is climate change, with its twin super-dangers of rising sea temperatures and acidification,” says a review released by the International Program on the State of the Ocean (IPSO).

Ocean’s Health

This affects everyone, because—just like the climate—the Ocean forms one of the key operating systems of our planet. It creates more than half our oxygen, drives weather systems and modulates the atmosphere, as well as providing us with vital resources. So the Ocean functions at a fundamental ‘Earth System’ level, transcending national borders to help maintain life everywhere on Earth.

‘Extinction Risk’

“The Ocean has already absorbed more than 80% of the heat added to the climate system and around 33% of the carbon dioxide emitted by humans. Ecosystems are collapsing as species are pushed to extinction and natural habitats are destroyed,” said IPSO.

There are growing concerns based on recent research that past extinctions had involved warming seas, acidification and low oxygen levels. All of which are on the rise today, the IPSO co-coordinator, Prof Alex Rogers, told BBC News.

We are taking about 80-90 million metric tons of fish from the Ocean each year (9,000-10,000 tons every hour), he said. “The fishing methods used – as well as the sheer scale of the plunder – are having devastating effects on both the fish targeted and virtually all other marine creatures, from seabirds to coral.”

 

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800 Days and Counting Down

Posted by feww on December 30, 2013

Homo Ignarus Reach another Expected Milestone in their Brief Pathetic History

Year two of BIG “Surprises” is about to begin!

Critical Overload Threatens Planetary Life Support Systems

The FIRE-EARTH/CASF Index of Human Impact on Nature (HIoN), an index for calculating the human impact on the planetary life support systems, climbed to a critically high level of 323 on July 1, 2013. In other words, the anthropogenic impact on the living environment exceeded 3.23 times the planet’s diminishing carrying capacity.

  • The index is rising exponentially.
  • HIoN rose 38 points, or more than 13 percent, year to July 1, 2013.
  • The index was less than 80 in 1960, and rose to about 100 in 1980.
  • Based on current FIRE-EARTH projections, the HIoN on July 1, 2014 WILL be a big “surprise!”

“According to HIoN projections, our cities and population centers could become almost entirely unsustainable by as early as 2015.”

FIRE-EARTH - HION Index - 1 JULY 2013 - hsc2
Diagram shows the exponential growth of Human Impact on Nature (HION) between 1960  and July 2013. Source: FIRE-EARTH Real-Time Earth Models. Copyright: FIRE-EARTH Blog Authors.

RAPID Decline IN PROGRESS!

Tidal Surge of Global Change 26 Times Faster in 21st Century: FIRE-EARTH

FIRE-EARTH Models show the rate of global change has intensified by a factor of at least 26 in the last decade compared with the 1960s.

FIRE-EARTH defines ‘global change’ as the deterioration in the planet’s life-support capacity, caused by large-scale anthropogenic impact, which is leading to a total collapse.

Humanoids are about to enter a new year as the anthropogenic impact on the living environment continues to exponentially destroy the planet’s diminishing carrying capacity.

No major “inspiration” since harnessing fire

homo erectus harnessing fire
Homo erectus making fire – source: arthursclipart.org

[December 30, 2013] DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 800 Days Left 

Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Climate Change, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, mass dieoffs, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ZERO to none!!

Posted by feww on September 4, 2013

Sum total of the remaining options?

You can run, but you can’t go far!

FIRE-EARTH Climate Models show climate change forcings and feedbacks switching global weather patterns onto “primordial tracks.”

FIRE-EARTH Population Model shows mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 920 Days Left

Critical Planetary Overload

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Collapse in Progress

Posted in disaster areas, disaster calendar, disaster watch, disaster zone, global disasters | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Megascolecidae and AMHS

Posted by feww on August 20, 2013

Anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHS) 150 million times MORE harmful than earthworms

From a planetary point of view, and on a one-on-one basis, the average human ecological footprint is about 150,000,000 times bigger than that of the earthworm.

SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 934 Days Left

FIRE-EARTH Climate Models show climate change forcings and feedbacks switching global weather patterns onto “primordial tracks.”

FIRE-EARTH Population Model shows mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

Critical Planetary Overload

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Collapse in Progress

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Texas is Fracked !

Posted by feww on August 19, 2013

Who Needs Water in Texas?

More than 30 Texas Towns Will Soon Run Out of Water due to Fracking

At least 30 towns in West Texas are running out of water because they are diverting their precious underground supplies to cope with their oil addiction.

Highlight from the video report posted below:

  • Some 8 million gallons of water is used per day for fracking a single well.
  • Thousands of wells are drilled by hundreds of rigs every day.
  • Fracking accounts for about a quarter of the water used in some communities.
  • About 30 communities could run out of water by the end of 2013, said Texas Commission on Environmental Quality .

========

“More than 30 towns in West Texas will soon be out of water as a direct result of diverting their underground water supplies for use in hydraulic fracking. Largely unregulated fracking, it should be said. Largely unregulated fracking that is definitely putting arsenic into the ground it happens to be drying out. Before you start acting horrified, though, consider: this is exactly what Texas’ mental-midget teabillies voted for” said a report.

Related Links

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Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events – August 13, 2013

Posted by feww on August 13, 2013

Extreme heat kills at least 40 people in south China

A heatwave that has been hovering over a large region encompassing eight provinces and municipalities in central, eastern and southern China has already been the longest lasting since 1961 (presumably when record-keeping began), with the temperatures reaching or exceeding 35ºC for an average of 25.3 day since July 1, said the National Meteorological Center (NMC). 

[Note: the actual number of people killed as a result of the heatwave may be much higher.]

“Authorities have for the first time declared the heat to be a second-level weather emergency, a label normally used for typhoons and floods. The NMC issued a second-level heat alert on Tuesday for the next 20 days.”

Worsening drought an the long-lasting heatwave have “taken a heavy toll on agriculture and made drinking water increasingly difficult to obtain,” said the report.

At least 130 million people in China have been affected by the drought and extreme heat. More than 10 million people, and as many livestock,  are short of drinking water, FIRE-EARTH estimates. See earlier posts on China drought.

china drought
Original caption: Withered tea plants are seen at a Longjing tea protection area in Hangzhou City, capital of east China’s Zhejiang Province, Aug. 12, 2013. More than 40 percent tea plants in the Longjing tea protection areas in Hangzhou died of the continuous scorching weather in recent days. (Xinhua/Long Wei). More images…

Related Links: Drought, Extreme Heat Cripple China, Japan, S. Korea

-oOo-

Iraq Death Toll

Since August 1, at least 400 people have been killed and more than 2,500 others wounded amid growing violence in Iraq.

  • In July, at least 1,057 people were killed and thousands more injured.
  • Since the beginning of this year, at least 4,500 people have lost their lives to the violence.

-oOo-

Vietnam’s coffee crop forecast down in 2013-2014

Vietnam’s coffee production for 2013-2014 is estimated at about 1.2 million tons, a decrease of 15 percent compared to the previous year, said the Vietnam Coffee and Cocoa Association (Vicofa).

The decrease is due to the drought and hail in June, which damaged about 5,000 hectares of coffee plantation and affected other 27,000 hectares, said a report.

-oOo-

Fishery disaster declared in Apalachicola

U.S. Secretary of Commerce Pritzker has declared a commercial fishery failure for the oyster fishery in Apalachicola Bay, said a report.

“Gov. Rick Scott requested the declaration in September 2012 because the fishery was near collapse. A May 2013 state report sent last week to federal officials blames lack of fresh water flowing from federal reservoirs in Georgia and Alabama.”

“Pritzker declared the commercial fishery failure for the oyster fishery along the west coast of Florida. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said the fishery resource disaster resulted from excessive drought conditions in Apalachicola Bay and elsewhere in the Florida panhandle during the 2012-13 winter fishing season.” More…

-oOo-

Cholera outbreak infects 1,500  in NE Afghanistan

A cholera outbreak in northeast Afghanistan has infected 1,492 people, killing at least one person and leaving more than 100 in critical condition, local officials told reporters.

-oOo-

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Drought, Heatwave Cripple China, Japan, S. Korea

Posted by feww on August 11, 2013

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

What’s Happening in Cyprus?

Posted by feww on March 23, 2013

In 2008, CASF Team analyzed  the impact of “extreme environmental stress” in Cyprus and forecast the island’s early collapse triggered by the ecological time bomb.

The post is reproduced below with the permission of our CASF and EDRO:

.

Cyprus Collapse May Be Imminent!

Posted by edro on July 19, 2008 – Submitted by a CASF Member

Cyprus’s extreme environmental stress may lead to early collapse!

Ex-govt official: “We are going through a visual process of desertification.”

Main Causes of Collapse

Climate Change
– Persistent Droughts
– Disruption in climatic patterns
– Low Precipitation
– Higher than normal temperatures
– Heatwaves
– Wildfires and other natural phenomena [disasters] exacerbated by warming

Land
– Urbanization
– Land use and land cover change
– Loss of topsoil
– Soil degradation, especially salination
– Soil erosion caused by high temperatures, low precipitation and hot dry winds

Water
– Extreme water shortages throughout the island worsened by additional [including unforeseen] factors

Tourism
– Causing additional environmental stress
– Creating excessive waste and pollution
– Weakening the Island’s natural defense mechanisms

Main Effects

– Reduced ability to produce food
– Crop failure
– Continued water scarcity (compounded by economic/monetary issues)
– Breakdown of sewage, water and sanitation systems
– Spread of disease pandemics
– Overshoot of Carrying Capacity: The Island may have already passed the tipping point
– Resumption of the Cypriot civil war between the north and south enclaves reignited by the specter of ecological collapse
– Collapse of local ecosystems
– Desertification
– Land abandonment
– Population displacement/climate refugees

Possible Timeline

2011- 2013

Country Data

Estimated Population: 793,000 (July 2008 Estimate)
Area:
Total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)
Land: 9,240 sq km
Water: 10 sq km

No. of Tourists: About 3,000,000

Land use:
Arable land: 10.81%
Permanent crops: 4.32%
Other: 84.87% (2005)

Irrigated land: 400 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources
: 0.4 cu km (2005)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Total: 0.21 cu km/yr (27%/1%/71%)
Per capita: 250 cu m/yr (2000)

Primary Energy Consumption year 2007: 0.13 Quad BTU [CASF estimate based on EIA data]
Percentage rise compared to year 2000: 20.8 percent

Fossil Fuel consumption (excluding aviation fuel) year 2007: 2,431,399 tonnes of oil [source]
Percentage rise compared to year 2000: 18.4 percent

CO2 Emissions From Consumption of Fossil Fuels year 2007 : 9.65 MMT [CASF estimate for 2007]
Percentage rise compared to year 2000: 22.5 percent

Natural hazards: moderate earthquake activity; droughts

Environment – current issues:
water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island’s largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization.

Human Rights Issues
Cyprus [like New Zealand] is primarily a destination country for a large number of women trafficked from Eastern and Central Europe, the Philippines, and the Dominican Republic for the purpose of sexual exploitation; traffickers continued to fraudulently recruit victims for work as dancers in cabarets and nightclubs on short-term “artiste” visas, for work in pubs and bars on employment visas, or for illegal work on tourist or student visas. (Source CIA Factbook, Wikipedia, others)

Population density: It is estimated that at peak tourist season, the effective population density of [Southern] Cyprus exceeds that of the Netherlands (ranked world’s 25th most densely populated).


Location map: Cyprus (dark green) / European Union (light green) / Europe (dark grey). Credit: User 3meandEr, via Wikimedia Commons

Water Facts

  • After little winter rainfall, the drought in Cyprus is now in its fifth year.
  • Cypriot water reserves are at their lowest for 100 years; however, the effective population of Cyprus (citizens and tourists) have multiplied by about 150 folds.
  • “As long as the population remained [as] low [as] in the pre-industrial period, the water was sufficient for supplying cities which received water either from the mountains through the aqueducts or through the groundwater supply.” Said Chris Schabel, medieval historian at the University of Cyprus.
  • The entire island including both the Turkish Cypriot north and the Greek Cypriot south divisions are drought stricken.
  • The Island has an annual requirement of about 210 million cubic meters of water.
  • As of July 16, 2008 the water reservoirs were only about 6.5 percent full. Down one percent in the last three weeks (33 percent of the level 12 months ago).
  • Southern Cyprus’ 17 main reservoirs currently contain a paltry 17,733 cubic meters of water, some of which may be unsuitable for drinking.
  • Emergency measures have limited the supply of running water to homes to only twice weekly.
  • Most of the municipal wells have been shut down to avoid the risk of seawater contamination.
  • “The British policy of drilling boreholes throughout the island resulted in a serious depletion, due to excessive pumping of the groundwater reserves, in the main water bearing areas of Famagusta, Morphou and Akrotiri. It was calculated a few years ago that groundwater resources of Cyprus are over-pumped every year by 40 per cent over the allowable safe yield.” (Source)
  • Cyprus is buying from Greece 8 million cubic meters (2.1 billion gallons) of water to be delivered by November 2008 at a cost of €40 million (US$64 million). The water will only be distributed in the Greek Cypriot south.
  • The first ship carrying water from Greece arrived June 30 at Limassol (Cyprus’ main port). The officials then realized they could not pump the water from tanker because their makeshift pipeline was 10 feet short. Because of the delay, the water turned “odorous” and was deemed unsafe for drinking. The entire tanker load of 40,000 cubic meters was subsequently pumped into the ground, instead of the city’s water network due to contamination fears!
  • Under the initial agreement, two water-laden tankers were scheduled to leave Elefsina near Athens bound for Cyprus every day for six months (6 tankers delivering 200 shipments) between June and November 2008.
  • The Turkish Cypriot north is negotiating a separate arrangement with Turkey for their water needs.
  • The Greek Cypriot south plans to build a third desalination plant.

Agriculture, Wildfires, Desertification

“Extremely hot and dry weather conditions in Cyprus, combined with strong winds led to a disastrous upsurge of forest fires and wildfires in the Troodos Montain area on 29 June 2007. … Small villages had to be evacuated. Some houses were destroyed. Cyprus reported severe material damages in the area. Moreover, two forest fires hit Cyprus on 16 July 2007 in touristic areas of the Island. The first hit the vicinity of the Kalavasos village area … The other was close to Kornos village, which is located 20 km south of Nicosia [capital city]. The total burnt area … in Cyprus measured from satellite imagery on 31 July 2007 was 12 286 hectares.” European Civil Protection.

Climate change is pointing at us “like a loaded gun,” warned the EU Agriculture Commissioner Mariann Fischer Boel at a conference on water policy last week.

“Global warming is happening,” she said. “It’s taken thousands of years for global temperatures to rise by just one degree. In this century we expect to see an increase in global temperatures of between two and six degrees Celsius.”

“Climate change has arrived. Drought has arrived. We need to take out insurance now. Good business sense demands better use of water. For those farmers caught unprepared, climate change could be a sledge hammer,” said Boel. “Maybe there are areas that will benefit from this, like in the north, but we expect climate change to leave a wave of destruction. We expect more heat waves, drought, floods and crop failures.”

We are going through a visual process of desertification. Krasochorio near Limassol, has lost its environment [Ecosystems have collapsed]. Around 85 per cent of the population has left. In Lania, 30 villas are surrounded by burnt land after the fires. What can the villagers do with them now?” Said the former Cypriot Agriculture Ministry official, Antonis Constantinou.

“What Cyprus is not good at is holding water, avoiding erosion, adapting to water shortage, and not giving incentives which can’t guarantee a better future for the island. We are also not so good at keeping greenery, avoiding fires, fighting fires, giving incentives to people to manage land, even non-agricultural land owners,” he added. (Source)

Recent History

Cyprus is situated in the eastern Mediterranean south of Turkey, north of Egypt, and east-southeast of Greece, It is the third-largest Mediterranean island and a busy tourist destination, attracting about 3 million tourists each year.

A former British colony, it gained independence from the UK in 1960 claiming sovereignty over 97% of the island and surrounding waters, with the United Kingdom controlling the remaining three percent. It became a member of the European Union May 1, 2004.

In 1974, following a period of violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and an attempted Greek Cypriot coup d’état aimed at annexing the island to Greece and sponsored by the Greek military junta of 1967-1974, Turkey invaded and occupied one-third of the island. This led to the displacement of thousands of Cypriots and the establishment of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north. Cyprus is thus divided to:

  • The area under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus in the south of the island
  • The Turkish-occupied area in the north, calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (recognized only by Turkey)
  • The United Nations-controlled Green Line, separating the two
  • Two “Sovereign Base Areas” or military bases Akrotiri and Dhekelia, where United Kingdom is the sovereign despite Cypriot independence. (Source: Wikimedia)


Map of Cyprus: WSBA and ESBA (British military bases at Akrotiri and Dhekelia) are in pink, UN buffer zone dividing the northern (Turkish) and southern (Greek) administrations is shown in gray. The map is adapted from the CIA World Factbook map. (Source).

Related Links:

edro

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The Land of Rising Heat

Posted by feww on January 9, 2013

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

2012 warmest year on record for continental U.S.

The Lower 48 experienced its warmest year on record in 2012 as the average temperature rose to 12.9°C (55.3°F), some 1.8°C (3.2°F) above the 20th century average, and 0.6°C (1.0°F) above 1998, the previous warmest year, NOAA reported.

us temp 2012 statewide ranks
Every state in the contiguous U.S. had an above-average annual temperature for 2012. Nineteen states had a record warm year and an additional 26 states had one of their 10 warmest. Source: NOAA

Other Highlights

  • 2012 was the 2nd most extreme year on record for the country, according the U.S. Climate Extremes Index. “The index, which evaluates extremes in temperature and precipitation, as well as landfalling tropical cyclones, was nearly twice the average value and second only to 1998. To date, 2012 has seen 11 disasters that have reached the $1 billion threshold in losses, to include Sandy, Isaac, and tornado outbreaks experienced in the Great Plains, Texas and Southeast/Ohio Valley.”
  • The average precipitation total for the contiguous U.S. for 2012 was 67.5 cm (26.57 inches), 6.5 cm (2.57 in) below average.
  • The 2012 drought plagued 61 percent of the U.S. at its peak in July. “The dry conditions proved ideal for wildfires in the West, charring 9.2 million acres — the third highest on record.”

selected annual-extremes
Annual Extremes: Several locations throughout the United States experienced temperature and precipitation extremes in 2012. Most striking was the number of locations across the country that broke their average annual temperature record. These records were primarily driven by extremely warm maximum day time temperatures or daily highs, especially during the spring and summer months. More than a dozen of these locations also experienced their driest year on record. In those areas, the combination of the extreme warm and dry period resulted in a drought comparable to the drought episodes of the 1950s. Source: NOAA/NCDC

Significant weather and climate events- Preliminary

Significant weather and climate events- preliminary

GLOBAL WARNINGS

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DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,158 Days Left 

[January 9, 2013] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,158 Days Left to the most Fateful Day in Human History
  • Symbolic countdown to the ‘worst day’ in human history began on May 15, 2011 ...

Posted in extreme climate, extreme climatic events, Extreme temperatures, Extreme weather condition, extreme weather conditions, Extreme Weather Event, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global disasters 2013, global drought, Global Temperature, Global temperature anomaly | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Mega Freeze Could Paralyze Northeast

Posted by feww on September 20, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,273 Days Left

[September 20, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,273 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Northeastern U.S. Could Become Arctic: FIRE-EARTH

Rapid climate change could ‘permanently’ transform Northeastern United States, bringing extreme cold and freezing up the entire region in the next couple of years (2013-2015), FIRE-EARTH Models show.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Climate Extremes, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global heating | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

August 2012 Fourth Warmest on Record

Posted by feww on September 18, 2012

Global Land Temperature:  Second Warmest August on Record

Average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces was the 4th highest on record for August, at 61.22°F (16.22°C) or 1.12°F (0.62°C) above the 20th century average, NOAA reported.

  • August 2012 was the 36th consecutive August and 330th consecutive month with a global temperature above the 20th century average.
  • Global land temperature was 58.52°F, which tied with 2001 and 2011 as the second warmest August on record, behind 1998.
  • Temperature for global land and ocean surfaces for June–August tied with 2005 as the third highest on record for this period at 61.25°F (16.24°C), or 1.15°F (0.64°C), above the 20th century average.

Related Links

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Climate Change, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, Global Temperature, global Temperature Anomalies, global temperatures | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Anthropogenic Hell Melting Icebox

Posted by feww on September 13, 2012

IF YOU WRECKED A HOLIDAY INN MOTEL ROOM , YOU’D PROBABLY GO TO JAIL.

Northern Hemisphere Ice Cover Continues Shrinking

The Arctic Sea Ice Extent shrank to 3.46 million square kilometers (3,456,695.22 km²) on September 12, 2012, according to National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).

 


Multi sensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent – Northern Hemisphere (MASIE -NH), September 11, 2012.  Source: The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)

Northern Hemisphere ice cover (million km²). Center for Ocean and Ice, Danish Meteorological Institute


Original Caption: The total area of sea ice is the sum of First Year Ice (FYI), Multi Year Ice (MYI) and the area of ambiguous ice types, from the OSISAF ice type product. However, the total estimated ice area is underestimated due to unclassified coastal regions where mixed land/sea pixels confuse the applied ice type algorithm. The shown sea ice extent values are therefore recommended be used qualitatively in relation to ice extent values from other years shown in the figure. In late 2012 sea ice climatology and anomaly data will be available here.

Related Links

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global ghg emissions, global heating | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Image of the Day: ASIE

Posted by feww on September 7, 2012

Northern Hemisphere Ice Cover falls below 3.6 million km² —FIRE-EARTH 

As of September 5, 2011, the Arctic sea ice extent (ASIE) was 3,686,199.43 km² according to NSIDC.

  • Daily average ice melt for September currently stands at more than 87,000 km², NSIDC data shows.

Arctic sea ice extent fell below 3.6 million square kilometers (1.39 million square miles) on September 6, 2012, FIRE-EARTH estimates.

FEWW model shows the Arctic sea ice extent could fall to about 3 million km² (1.15 million square miles) during the 2012 melt season with a probability of 0.5 [P = 54%]


Multi sensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent – Northern Hemisphere (MASIE -NH), September 5, 2012.  Source: The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)

Related Links

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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Arctic Sea Ice Extent Could Fall to 3M Km²

Posted by feww on September 3, 2012

UPDATED September 4, 2012 @ 01:44UTC

Northern Hemisphere Sea Ice Cover Shrinking Rapidly

Arctic sea ice extent shrank to about 3.65 million square kilometers (1.41 million square miles) on September 2, 2012, FIRE-EARTH estimates.

FEWW model shows the Arctic sea ice extent could fall to about 3 million km² (1.15 million square miles) during the 2012 melt season with a probability of 0.5 [P = 54%]


Arctic sea ice extent as of September 1, 2012.  Image Source: NSIDC


Arctic sea ice extent, September 1, 2012. FIRE-EARTH estimates the NH ice cover fell below 3.65 million km² (1.41 million square miles) on September 2, 2012.
  Image Source: NSIDC

Arctic Sea Ice Cover:  Denmark’s Center for Ocean and Ice (DMI)


Original caption:  Current Sea Ice extent. Total sea ice extent on the northern hemisphere since 2005. The ice extent values are calculated from the ice type data from the Ocean and Sea Ice, Satellite Application Facility (OSISAF), where areas with ice concentration higher than 30% are classified as ice.        The total area of sea ice is the sum of First Year Ice (FYI), Multi Year Ice (MYI) and the area of ambiguous ice types, from the OSISAF ice type product. However, the total estimated ice area is underestimated due to unclassified coastal regions where mixed land/sea pixels confuse the applied ice type algorithm. The shown sea ice extent values are therefore recommended be used qualitatively in relation to ice extent values from other years shown in the figure.

Related Links

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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Arctic Sea Ice Extent Down to 3.87M km² and Melting

Posted by feww on August 31, 2012

Northern Hemisphere Sea Ice Cover Continues Shrinking

Arctic sea ice extent shrank to about 3.87 million square kilometers (1.49 million square miles) on August 29, 2012 and continued melting, FIRE-EARTH estimates. The new record low was 100,000 km² below the September 18, 2007 daily extent of 4.17 million km².

FEWW model shows the Arctic sea ice extent could fall below 3.8 million km² during the 2012 melt season with a probability of 0.8 [P≥77%]


Arctic sea ice extent, August 29, 2012. FIRE-EARTH estimates the NH ice cover has fallen below 3.87 million km².  Image Source: NSIDC


Arctic sea ice extent as of August 29, 2012. The ice extents is now the lowest in the satellite record.  Image Source: NSIDC

Related Links

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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New Hampshire Declared Major Disaster Area

Posted by feww on June 16, 2012

Severe storm and flooding prompts disaster declaration in NH 

The Disaster President has declared that a major disaster exists in the State of New Hampshire following the severe storm and flooding that occurred in Cheshire County on May 29-31, 2012.

“FEMA said additional designations may be made at a later date if requested by the state and warranted by the results of further damage assessments.” The WH said in a statement.

Other Major Disasters, Significant Events

  • Oklahoma. The Disaster President has declared a major disaster exists in the State of Oklahoma following severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding that occurred during April 28 to May 1, 2012.
    • The worst affected areas were Alfalfa, Craig, Grant, Kay, and Nowata counties.
  • Paraguay.  At least 100 people were killed or injured when the police tried to evict landless protesters who had occupied a property in Canindeyu, 240km NE of the capital, Asuncion.
    • Both the Interior Minister and the police chief resigned over the incident.
    • Paraguayan President has ordered the military to intervene.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

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Hottest U.S. Spring on Record

Posted by feww on June 8, 2012

U.S. experiencing record-breaking  temperatures: Report

Spring 2012 was the hottest spring on record. United States has also recorded both warmest year-to-date and twelve-month periods for lower 48, and 2nd warmest May: NOAA

March-May nationally-averaged temperature rose 5.2°F above the 1901-2000 long-term average of 57.1°F, breaking the record for warmest spring set in 1910 by 2.0°F, reported NOAA.

The 11 warmest 12-months periods ever recorded in the U.S.

The June 2011-May 2012 period was the warmest 12-month period of any 12 months on record for the contiguous United States.


These are the warmest 12-month periods on record for the contiguous United States. [All of these periods have occurred since June 1999. ] During the June 2011-May 2012 period, each of the 12 months ranked among the warmest third of their historical distribution for the first time in the 1895-present record. The odds of this occurring randomly is 1 in 531,441.  Source: NCDC/NOAA. Temp Departures Table.

The warmest year-to-date

“The January-May months were the warmest such period on record for the contiguous United States, with an average temperature of 49.2°F, 5.0°F above the long-term average. Twenty-nine states, all east of the Rockies, were record warm for the five-month period and an additional 14 states had temperatures for the period among their ten warmest.”

The second warmest May on record

May 2012 the second warmest May on record with the average temperature for the contiguous U.S. reaching 64.3°F, 3.3°F above the long-term average.

“The month’s high temperatures also contributed to the warmest spring, warmest year-to-date, and warmest 12-month period the nation has experienced since recordkeeping began in 1895.”

Other significant climatic events during 2012 spring include

  • 31 states east of Rockies experienced record warm.
  • Gila National Forest Wildfire (Whitewater-Baldy Complex fire), aided by the ongoing drought and windy conditions, grew to 210,000 acres by the end of May, surpassing 2011’s Las Conchas Fire as the largest NM wildfire on record. [Currently reported at about 2670,000 and growing.]
  • NW OR received record precipitation at 10.83 inches,  more than 69% above average.
  • 3rd smallest snow cover extent across contiguous U.S.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

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WARNING: Global Disasters – June 21, 2011

Posted by feww on June 21, 2011

***PLEASE DISTRIBUTE WIDELY***  

WARNING: About 20 percent of the global population could perish by 2016

FIRE-EARTH’s population model shows mass die-offs resulting from human impact on the planet and the planetary response to the anthropogenic harm  could occur by early 2016.

  • RANDOM. The mass die-offs would occur randomly.
  • UNSTOPPABLE. Once triggered, the chain-reaction created by the dynamics of mass die offs would burst out of control.

On May 15, 2011 symbolic countdown to the ‘worst day’ in human history began...

FIRE-EARTH Climate Models show climate change forcings and feedbacks switching global weather patterns onto “primordial tracks.”

The extreme weather events triggered by anthropogenic climate change have a four-prong impact on humans over the next 50 months. FIRE-EARTH models forecast:

Food production:

  • Average decline of 22% in the global agricultural output
  • Loss of topsoil and worsening of soil quality
  • Increases in the size and occurrence of dead zones
  • Large decline in marine food sources

Spread of Disease

  • Substantial increases in the spread of diseases
    • vector borne
    • Air borne
    • water borne
    • food borne
  • Increase in the spread of human immunodeficiency
  • Significant decline in air quality (and corresponding increase in chronic respiratory diseases)
  • Worsening of water pollution

Physical Safety

Major increases in the number of deaths and injuries, as well as large scale displacements due to the loss of shelter and livelihood caused by extreme weather and geophysical events including:

  • Tornadoes
  • Hurricanes
  • Storms and Extreme Weather
  • Flash Flooding
  • Drought and Deluge
  • Extremes of Temperature
  • Wildfires
  • Loss of “Seasons”
  • Earthquakes*
  • Tsunamis*
  • Volcanic activity*

The Combined Effect

Social upheaval, regional conflicts and wars caused by mass migrations and scarcity of basic resources resulting from the combined effects of the above.

[June 21, 2011]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,730 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

Related Links

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Back to the Primordial Future

Posted by feww on June 19, 2011

Hazardous Weather Outlook in 50 States

Red Flag, Severe Weather, Tornado and Flood Warnings,  Hazardous Weather Outlook Throughout the U.S.

FIRE-EARTH Climate Models show climate change forcings and feedbacks switching global weather patterns onto “primordial tracks.”

The extreme weather events triggered by anthropogenic climate change have a four-prong impact on humans over the next 50 months.   FIRE-EARTH models show:

FIRE-EARTH Climate Models show climate change forcings and feedbacks switching global weather patterns onto “primordial tracks.”

The extreme weather events triggered by anthropogenic climate change have a four-prong impact on humans over the next 50 months. FIRE-EARTH models forecast:

1. Food production:

  • Average decline of 22% in the global agricultural output
  • Loss of topsoil and worsening of soil quality
  • Rapid Climate Change & Extreme Weather Events
    • Drought and Deluge
    • Extremes of Temperature
    • Heatwaves and Late Frosts
    • Desertification and Dust Storms
  • Crop Pests
  • Increases in the size and occurrence of dead zones
  • Large decline in marine food sources

2. Spread of Disease

  • Substantial increases in the spread of diseases
    • Vector borne
    • Air borne
    • Water borne
    • Food borne
  • Superbugs: Emergence of resistant bacteria, especially MDR bacteria
  • Resurgence of killer infectious diseases
  • Increases in the spread of human immunodeficiency viruses
  • Significant decline in air quality (and corresponding increase in chronic respiratory diseases)
  • Other viral diseases
  • Massive rises in mental illnesses

3. Physical Safety

Major increases in the number of deaths and injuries, as well as large scale displacements due to the loss of shelter and livelihood caused by extreme weather and geophysical events including:

  • Tornadoes
  • Hurricanes
  • Storms and Extreme Weather
  • Climate Change
  • Extreme Rain Events
  • Flash Flooding
  • Drought and Deluge
  • Landslides
  • Extremes of Temperature
  • Wildfires
  • Loss of “Seasons”
  • Earthquakes*
  • Tsunamis*
  • Volcanic activity*
  • Poisoned and Polluted Environment

4. The Combined Effect

Social upheavals, regional conflicts and wars caused by mass migrations and scarcity of basic resources resulting from the combined effects of the above, as well as other mechanisms.


Click image to enter NWS interactive portal.

Weather Forecast Map 18-19 June


Click image to enlarge.

GOES Western US SECTOR Infrared Image

GOES Eastern US SECTOR Infrared Image

Click images to enlarge.

*[NOTE: Earth’s geophysical activity help the planet to stay alive and healthy. Earthquakes and volcanic activity are among natural phenomena that comprise our planet’s defense mechanisms. If you have difficulty understanding the concept of planetary self defense, consider the protective role of Earth’s magnetic field against solar winds. Whereas CMEs, solar winds and geomagnetic storms are classified as external threats, the impact of harmful human activity on the planet can be regarded as internal threats.]


Artist’s impression of Earth’s magnetosphere. Source: NASA.


Simulation of Earth’s magnetic field in interaction with (solar) interplanetar magnetic field (IMF): The animation illustrates the dynamical changes of the global magnetic field in the course of a disturbance: a temporary compression of the magnetosphere by enhanced flow of the solar wind is followed by a tailward stretching of the field lines. Eventually, the increase of the tail magnetic field results in a sudden collapse of the nightside field (a substorm) and a gradual recovery of the magnetosphere to its pre-storm configuration. Source: NASA.

A Message to the Discovery Channel Science Team [and others]

Unless otherwise stated, ideas, concepts and information posted on this blog are the intellectual properties of the blog authors. Plagiarizing these ideas are unethical and run against the spirit of science.

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Posted in climate related disasters | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Temperatures Rising Rapidly

Posted by feww on January 21, 2011

Nine of the 10 warmest years have occurred since 2000, World Meteorological Organization (WMO) confirmed

The first 10 years of this millennium were the hottest decade since records began in the 1830s.

“The main signal is that the warming trend continues and is being strengthened year after year,” WMO Secretary-General told reporters.

“The trend, unfortunately, will continue for a number of years but the amplitude will depend on the amount of greenhouse gases released. It will depend on action taken to minimize the release of greenhouse gases.”

[What happened to the tipping point, still a taboo subject, WMO?]

Between 2001 and 2010, global temperatures averaged 0.45ºC (0.83ºF) above the 1961-1990 base and set a new record high for a 10-year period since climate records began in the 19th century, WMO said.

Top 10 Warmest Years


The 1901-2000 average combined land and ocean annual temperature is 13.9°C (56.9°F), the annually averaged land temperature for the same period is 8.5°C (47.3°F), and the long-term annually averaged sea surface temperature is 16.1°C (60.9°F). Source: NOAA.

Related Links:

Mega Disasters:

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2011 Much More Disastrous

Posted by feww on September 13, 2010

2011 SIX TIMES MORE DISASTROUS THAN 2010

Global Disasters in 2011 Could Impact 1/3 to 1/2 of the Human Population

The impact of anthropogenic and human-enhanced natural disasters on the population will be 600 percent more severe in 2011 compared with 2010: Fire-Earth Forecast

Earth is critically wounded and diseased as a result of human assault and battery.

Humans’ first wave of serious [near-fatal] assault on the planet began in the early 1980s and has since heightened in severity.

Our feverish planet‘s fight against the “human pathogens” is entering a critical phase. The earth is reacting by deploying geophysical  phenomenon in her defense mechanism, as a result of which the impact of natural disasters on human population is intensifying.

In 2007 EDRO models showed that the intensity of disasters caused as a result of the human assault on the planet, and the planet’s struggle to heal herself, would lead to the first wave of collapse of the population centers globally by about 2012.

It already has!

The collapse has already started and would ultimately lead to the extinction [possibly near-extinction] of human race.

For the EDRO forecast to be true, the final years leading to the start of collapse, namely 2010, 2011 and 2012, must necessarily be progressively more disastrous.

Based on their models, Fire-Earth Moderators forecasted in December 2009 that the year 2010 would prove to be the most disastrous year on record. And with more than 100 days left to the end of this year, their forecast has already proven to be true and accurate.

What about 2011?

Fire-Earth models show that the impact of anthropogenic and human-enhanced natural disasters would be about 600 percent more severe in 2011 compared with this year.

Based on their findings, the Moderators estimate that between one-third and one-half of the world population could be affected in some way by various disasters that are forecasted to occur in 2011.

Related Links:

Links to 2010 Disasters Calendar

January 2010 | February 2010 | March 2010 | April 2010 | May 2010 | June 2010 | July 2010 | August 2010 | September 2010 |

Posted in Extreme Rain Events, global heating, Global Seismicity, Global Volcanism, rising temperatures | Tagged: , , , , | 9 Comments »

Deadly Rainstorms, Landslides Strike Central China

Posted by feww on May 14, 2010

The death toll from rainstorm and landslides in central China reaches 12, with 42,000 people displaced

About 200,000 hectares of crops, 35 million tons of fish stocks, 2,850 heads of cattle and 105,000 poultry have been destroyed, a govt official said.

Meanwhile the death toll from rainstorms and landslides in central China’s Hunan Province reached 12, Xinhua reported the Hunan flood-control and drought relief spokesperson as saying.

The Day After: Where have all the Chinese Gone?


A worker is seen clearing  debris from a a flooded street in Xinyu, East China’s Jiangxi province on May 13, 2010. (Xinhua Photo). Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.

At least 42,000 people have been relocated in the past 24 hours as the rainstorms pummeled more than 280 towns and communities in Hunan.

The rainstorms have destroyed or damaged 10,200 hectares of crops and 480 residential buildings in the region.

“The violent weather occurred five days after storms that killed 11 people and left two others missing in Hunan.” Xinhua said.

Heavy rains are forecast to continue buffeting Hunan province over the next 5 days “and neighboring Guangdong Province for the next two days, provincial meteorological authorities said Thursday.” Xinhua said.


People mend the road destroyed by the strong rainfall in Fengjia Town of Xinhua County, Loudi City, central China’s Hunan Province, May 8, 2010.   (Xinhua/Guo Guoquan). Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice.

In the bordering Jiangxi Province, flood levels rose to more than 6 meters near the railway station in Xinyu, the worst-hit city in Jiangxi, the report said.

“It was the strongest rain in the city since 1984, said Ge Suping, director of the Xinyu government.”

Since about May 5, flooding caused bu rainstorms in south China have left at least 86 people dead, 16 missing, and more than 200 injured, as well as causing about 5.9 billion yuan ($864 million) in direct economic losses.

More on this story…

Fire-Earth had forecast a major disaster in China on May 4, 2010, though the blog did not release any specific details.

Related Links:

.

Serial No 1,726. Starting April 2010, each entry on this blog has a unique serial number. If any of the numbers are missing, it may mean that the corresponding entry has been blocked by Google/the authorities in your country. Please drop us a line if you detect any anomaly/missing number(s).

Posted in Climate Change, environment, Guangdong Province, Hunan province, Rainstorm death toll | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Verifiable Impacts of Climate Change Despite Dinosaurs

Posted by feww on April 30, 2010

Climate Change Indicators

Impact of Climate Change Despite the Massive Efforts of Fossil Fuel Industries to Spread Disinformation

The following is a summary of an EPA report titled ‘Climate Change Indicators in the United States’

Two points about the report and the summary:

  1. What impacts of Climate Change are evident in the US also apply globally, with little or no exception.
  2. Fire-Earth Moderators have selected those ‘Indicators’ that can be verified independently.

[NOTE: An indicator represents the current state of certain environmental conditions over a given area and a specified period of time. For example, temperature, precipitation, sea level, and greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.]

Key Findings: Climate Change Indicators in the United States Report

The Greenhouse Effect (All images and captions are sourced from the EPA report)


The Earth receives energy from the sun, then radiates much of this energy back toward space. However, certain gases in the atmosphere, called greenhouse gases, absorb some of the outgoing energy and trap it in the atmosphere. This “greenhouse effect” occurs naturally, but human activities have substantially increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, causing the Earth to trap more heat. This in turn is changing the Earth’s climate.

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions


In the United States, greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities increased by 14 percent from 1990 to 2008. Carbon dioxide accounts for most of the nation’s emissions and most of this increase. Electricity generation is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, followed by transportation.

Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions


Worldwide, emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities increased by 26 percent from 1990 to 2005. Emissions of carbon dioxide, which account for nearly three-fourths of the total, increased by 31 percent over this period.

Atmospheric Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases


Concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have risen substantially since the beginning of the industrial era. Almost all of this increase is attributable to human activities.

Climate Forcing


Climate or “radiative” forcing is a way to measure how substances such as greenhouse gases affect the amount of energy that is absorbed by the atmosphere. An increase in radiative forcing leads to warming while a decrease in forcing produces cooling. From 1990 to 2008, the radiative forcing of all the greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere increased by about 26 percent.

U.S. and Global Temperature


Average temperatures have risen across the lower 48 states since 1901, with an increased rate of warming over the past 30 years. Average global temperatures show a similar warming trend, and 2000–2009 was the warmest decade on record worldwide. Within the United States, parts of the North, the West, and Alaska have seen temperatures increase the most.

Heat Waves


The frequency of heat waves in the United States decreased in the 1960s and 1970s, but has risen steadily since then. The percentage of the United States experiencing heat waves has also increased. The most severe heat waves in U.S. history remain those that occurred during the “Dust Bowl” in the 1930s, although average temperatures have increased since then.

Drought


Over the period from 2001 through 2009, between 30 and 60 percent of the United States experienced drought conditions at any given time. However, the data for this indicator have not been collected for long enough to determine whether droughts are increasing or decreasing over time.

U.S. and Global Precipitation


Average precipitation has increased in the United States and worldwide. Since 1901, precipitation has increased at an average rate of more than 6 percent per century in the lower 48 states and nearly 2 percent per century worldwide.

Heavy Precipitation


In recent years, a higher percentage of precipitation in the United States has come in the form of intense single-day events [See Hydrokong.] Eight of the top 10 years for extreme one-day precipitation events have occurred since 1990. The occurrence of abnormally high annual precipitation totals has also increased.

Tropical Cyclone Intensity


The intensity of tropical storms in the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico did not exhibit a strong long-term trend for much of the 20th century, but has risen noticeably over the past 20 years. Six of the 10 most active hurricane seasons have occurred since the mid-1990s. This increase is closely related to variations in sea surface temperature in the tropical Atlantic.

Ocean Heat


Several studies have shown that the amount of heat stored in the ocean has increased substantially since the 1950s. Ocean heat content not only determines sea surface temperature, but also affects sea level and currents.

Related Links:

Serial No 1,642. Starting April 2010, each entry on this blog has a unique serial number. If any of the numbers are missing, it may mean that the corresponding entry has been blocked by Google/the authorities in your country. Please drop us a line if you detect any anomaly/missing number(s).

Posted in drinking water, Drought, environment, Heat Wave, Ocean Heat | Tagged: , , , , | 3 Comments »

 
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