Posts Tagged ‘environment’
Posted by feww on December 17, 2015
Impact of terrorism on agriculture and food security
More than 17,000 farmers, fearing Boko Haram terrorists, have fled from northeastern Nigeria to the south since 2012, according to Nigeria’s National Emergency Management Agency, Irin reported.
The terrorists attack villages, slaughtering farmers, their families and farm animals, and leaving farms abandoned and disused.
“Ongoing attacks have destroyed land and killed thousands of young men since 2009, and, in some cases, wiped out or displaced entire generations of farmers and herders. The future of many rural communities in northeastern Nigeria is, at best, uncertain, at worst, unsustainable.”
“In the rural north, the youth are the pillars of agriculture, tending to farms and cattle,” said a farmer from Askira. “Now, six years of Boko Haram violence has left farms idle and animals dead or stolen.”
Villager have lost everything, including their sons, to Boko Haram terrorists.
Many farmers have restricted their movements to “safe areas” and work limited hours in the fields to minimize the risk. But they fear the impact this would have on food supplies. Further terrorist attacks could mean food shortages this year.
Bulama Modu, a rice farmer from Gwoza who has since taken refuge at a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Malkohi, told IRIN: “Boko Haram has prevented farmers from tilling their fields. They have been attacking us and many farmers were killed, mostly youth. We had to run without tilling our rice.”
The terrorists first imposed levies and taxes on the farmers in exchange for not burning their crops, ranging from about one to three million naira ($6,000–$18,000), depending on the size of the village.
“But later, they started slaughtering people and this situation forced us all to flee,” a farmer said.
More than 17,000 farmers, fearing for their lives, have fled from northeastern Nigeria to the south since 2012, according to Nigeria’s National Emergency Management Agency.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) says food production throughout the region will be below average this year, and that areas of western Yobe State, northern Adamawa State and most of Borno State, along with areas in and around Maiduguri, where many IDPs have taken refuge, are expected to remain “in crisis” until at least March 2016.
Food prices have been affected severely. Since Boko Haram began attacking farmers the prices of beans and onions have risen by up to 70 percent., said the report.
“Most of our traders are now afraid to go to the food markets up north,” Daudu told IRIN. “Transporters see it as [a] high risk going to such places as Maiduguri to carry farm produce.”
After a popular Baga fish market in Borno State was attacked one morning by Boko Haram, gunmen, many food stores locked their door and let the food inside to perish,” said a victim. “It is not only the farmers that are running away, [but] the food sellers and transporters too.”
Many farmers have tried to return to their land but are unable to replant their fields due to landmines. They are forced to do other work until their land has been cleared.
Mine explosions in farm fields have killed, maimed or injured many farmers, as they return to their land.
Posted in News Alert | Tagged: Boko Haram, conflict, economy, environment, Food Security, IDP, impact of terrorism on agriculture, Nigeria, Refugees, Security | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on March 19, 2010
Canadian ‘Regulators’ approve 3-phase Suncor oil sands expansions
Canadian regulators have approved a 3-stage expansion at Suncor Energy’s Firebag oil sands project with an additional output of 188,000 barrels of bitumen a day, said Suncor.
Oils sands in Alberta, Canada. The three largest oil sand deposits are: the Athabasca Oil Sands, Cold Lake Oil Sands, and Peace River Oil Sands.
“The production phases, given the green light by the Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board, would follow the C$3.6 billion ($3.6 billion) phase 3 expansion being built now and scheduled to be in service next year, said Suncor, Canada’s largest oil company.” Reuters reported.
Suncor pumps steam into the earth to liquefy ans separate the extra-heavy crude from the oil sands at Firebag and then pumps the oil to the surface.
Posted in Firebag oil sands project, oil sands | Tagged: bitumen, crude oil, environment, Firebag, Global Climate, Suncor Energy, Suncor Energy Inc, Suncor oil sands | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on March 5, 2010
CANADA’s AVATAR SANDS
The largest oil exporter to the United States, Canada extracts about 50 percent of its crude oil supplies from the dirty oil sands.
High Res (5.3 MB PDF)
Posted in dirty energy, energy dinosaurs, oil industry, oil sands, TAR SANDS | Tagged: AVATAR, big oil, BP, Canada Oil Sands, CANADA's AVATAR SANDS, Canada-Tar-Sands-Oil, Chevron, Climate Change, conocophilip, energy, environment, ExxonMobil, fossil fuels, Green News, James Cameron Avatar, planet Pandora, Sky People, sustainability, Variety | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on March 3, 2009
‘Plane Stupid’ protesters break through Aberdeen airport’s fence to block runway
Plane Stupid climate activists break through the perimeter fence at Aberdeen airport before setting up a barricade on an aircraft taxiway. Photograph: Plane Stupid. Creative Commons License.
Flights at Aberdeen airport one of Scotland’s main airports were disrupted this morning when a dozen protesters from the Plane Stupid campaign group cut through the airport’s perimeter fence at about 02:00 to protest plans to expand the airport.
Airport operator BAA said flights to Amsterdam, London and Paris had been affected by the climate change activists. Plane Stupid members locked themselves inside a “wire fortress” on a runway, as two protesters unfurled a banner on the terminal building.
“There have been two cancellations and some flights to and from the airport have been delayed due to the action,” A BAA spokeswoman told reporters.
Plane Stupid environmental activists managed to shut down London’s Stansted Airport for several hours in December 2008.
Protesters were dressed as golfers imitating Donald Trump, the New York property magnet, who is building a $1.5bn golfing resort north of Aberdeen and reportedly supports the airport’s expansion.
Ironically, Donald Trump was forced to resign last week from the board of Trump Entertainment Resorts, just days before the casino company filed for bankruptcy.
A Plane Stupid members from Edinburgh reportedly said: “We have been failed by the generation of Donald Trump and [Scottish politician] Alex Salmond.
“Despite a catalogue of scientific reports warning them that they can’t keep on with aviation growth, they continue with disregard for all of us who will end up dealing with the impacts of the climate crisis.
“The reality is that our generation’s future is vanishing so that people like Donald Trump and his super-rich friends can jet into Aberdeen for a round of golf.”
Related News Links:
Posted in Alex Salmond, BAA, Climate Change, CO2e, Donald Trump | Tagged: Aberdeen airport, Activism, environment, Plane Stupid, Stansted airport | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on September 2, 2008
Photograph by Norbert Rosing. (Source: National geographic). Image may be subject to copyright."”]”]
IS THIS RELATIONSHIP ANY LESS IMPORTANT THAN THE ONE BELOW?
Bristol Palin , the 17-year-old daughter of Republican vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin, is seen holding her brother Trig at a campaign event in Dayton, Ohio, August 29, 2008. REUTERS/John Gress. Image may be subject to copyright.
Posted in Corporate Shill, Gov. Sarah Palin, offshore Drilling, polar bears, threatened species, Tourism, Transportation | Tagged: Alaskan oil and gas, blue marble, Climate Change, commercial fisheries, energy, environment, food, Global Warming, health, politics. alaska state, Travel | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on July 24, 2008
Magnitude 6.8 earthquake strikes Eastern Honshu, Japan about 25 km ENE of Morioka
The quake caused substantial damage to buildings, collapsed power lines and left as many as 10,000 homes and businesses without electricity.
Cars were buried in a landslide, according to local news reports, and the tremor triggered dozens of fires. Fujitsu Ltd. in Iwate reported that its “semiconductor production machines were partially damaged.”
About 130 people needed hospital treatment, thousands more trapped in stranded trains, motorways closed and train services canceled. the tremor was felt widely in southern Hokkaido and in the main island of Honshu as far south as Tokyo.
According to witness reports, the quake caused strong shaking lasting up to 40 seconds in areas near the epicenter in northern Japan.
Japan sits atop the Eurasian, Pacific, Philippine and North American tectonic plates whose movements cause numerous earthquakes. The country experiences about 20 percent of the world’s major earthquakes of magnitude 6 or greater.
People clean up the pieces of glasses shattered by a strong earthquake at an auto dealership in Karumai, Iwate prefecture Thursday, July 24, 2008. A strong earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.8 struck off the northern Japanese coast early Thursday, injuring at least 91 people, causing blackouts and landslides, officials said. (AP Photo/Kyodo News). Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!
Did you know?
With a total of 203 earthquakes measuring 6.0 Mw or greater, 1995 experienced the largest number of quakes for the period 1980 to 2007 [2007 was runner up with 195 large quakes.] With a total of 110 quakes so far [as of July 23,] 2008 could prove a record-breaking year for large tremors. [The stats are based on USGS data.]
Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green [USGS]
Major Tectonic Boundaries: Subduction Zones -purple, Ridges -red and Transform Faults -green [USGS]
– Magnitude: 6.8
– Date-Time: Wednesday, July 23, 2008 at 15:26:20 UTC [Thursday, July 24, 2008 at 12:26:20 AM at epicenter]
– Location: 39.807°N, 141.467°E
– Depth: 111 km (69.0 miles) set by location program
– Region: EASTERN HONSHU, JAPAN
- 30 km (20 miles) ENE of Morioka, Honshu, Japan;
- 75 km (50 miles) S of Hachinohe;
- 120 km (75 miles) E of Akita;
- 485 km (300 miles) NNE of TOKYO
– Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 3.8 km (2.4 miles); depth fixed by location program
The Mainshock was followed by a magnitude 5.1 aftershock almost exactly 11 hours later at 11:27:42 AM (time at epicenter).
Location of aftershock: 39.576°N, 141.385°E
Depth: 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program
Distance: 25 km (15 miles) SE of Morioka, Honshu, Japan [455 km NNE of TOKYO]
Posted in Akita, Climate Change, energy, environment, food, Morioka | Tagged: earthquake activist, electricity, energy, environment, Fujitsu, health, Honshu, Japan, power lines, quake, tectonic plates, Tokyo, tsunami warning | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on July 1, 2008
Posted in agirculture, air pollution, Climate Change, energy, food, Global Warming, health, politics | Tagged: Business as usual, economy, elephant in the room, environment, exponential growth economy, lifestyle, pink elephant | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on June 27, 2008
A Shrinking World Series
Is it a mega-tropical storm system, or an extra-tropical cyclone (ETC), i.e., a non-tropical, large-scale low pressure storm system like a Nor’easter?
“Hydrokong” is a colossal atmospheric phenomenon. It’s an extreme precipitation event which is enhanced by circulation changes that increase and concentrate the distribution of water vapor.
Hydrokong! The Storm System as it appeared over the central United States June 12, 2008 04:15 UTC. The still image is an aviation color enhancement of a satellite image.
Globally, as total precipitation increases, the duration or frequency of precipitation events decreases. However, warmer temperatures and regional variation can significantly affect those offsetting behaviors. For example, reduced total precipitation in one region, the Western United States, can significantly increase the intensity of precipitation in another region, the Midwest. Hydrokongs essentially create two extreme events, droughts in one region and flooding caused by mega-intense precipitation in another. As the global temperatures rise, more hydrokongs should be expected.
Another Hydrokong in the making? A new System as it appeared over the central United States June 27, 2008 04:15 UTC. The still image is an aviation color enhancement of a satellite image.
An aviation color enhancement of a floater [updated periodically] satellite image GEOS Eastern U.S. Imagery, NOAA SSD. For full size image right-click on the image and select “View Image.”
In the words of Brian Pierce, a meteorologist at the National Weather Service, describing the aftermath of flooding last week: “We are seeing a historic hydrological event taking place with unprecedented river levels occurring.”
Are Extreme Precipitation Events Earth’s Natural Defense Mechanisms?
Posted in air pollution, Climate Change, Drought, energy, environment, food, Global Warming, health, politics, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: air pollution, central, chillicothe, China, climate science, CO2, environment, EU, Extreme Precipitation, Extreme weather events, flooding, floods, food, government, greenhouse gases, hail, health, hurricane, Hydrokong, Iowa, Midwest, Mississippi river, Missouri river, mitch, National Weather Service, Natural Defense Mechanisms, NOAA, Ocean Warming, politics, prairie hill, Rain, Storm Prediction Center, storms, Tornado, Tropical storm, Turkey Creek, twister, typhoon, USA, Warming World, Water pollution, weather, western Iowa, wind | 3 Comments »
Posted by feww on June 18, 2008
The Year of Volcanoes, Too?
Steam, hot volcanic plumes rise near Mt. Kurikoma
Japan’s Self-Defense Forces personnel observed Monday hot volcanic plumes about seven kilometers southwest of the summit of Mt. Kurikoma, a 1,627-meter-high volcano located on the border of Miyagi, Iwate and Akita prefectures, Yomiuri Shimbun reported.
Aerial observation from a helicopter showed plumes rising from several spots near both Hanayama in Kurihara, and Yu no Hama hot-spring spa.
Sadato Ueki of Tohoku University’s Research Center for the Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions said the plumes might be volcanic gases rising to the surface, or steam coming from underground hot water channels whose course was diverted by the powerful Mw 6.8 quake Saturday. The Iwate quake struck about 22km NW of the Mt. Kurikoma summit.
“There’s a possibility that volcanic gases that had been confined below ground are gushing out through fissures in the mountain created by the earthquake,” he said. However, he ruled out increased volcanic activity on Mt. Kurikoma, because the plumes were very far from the volcano’s summit.
Kurikoma volcano last erupted in 1950.
MT. KURIKOMA is a dormant stratovolcano stretching across three prefectures (states) of Miyagi, Iwate and Akita, standing high at an altitude of 1,627.7m.
Kurikoma volcano seen from the SSE with its summit at the right-center, the satellitic cone of Daichimori on the left, and Higashi-Kurikoma on the right. On the opposite side of the volcano, the summit is cut by a 4-km-wide caldera breached to the north that is partially filled by the Tsurugi-dake central cone, once mined for sulfur. (Caption: Source) Image Copyright: Shingo Takeuchi (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/index.htm). See FEWW Fair Use Notice!
Coordinates: 38° 57′ 0″ N, 140° 46′ 48″ E
Decimal: 38.95°, 140.78°
Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged: acidic lake, Akita, Ash, Asia, breaking news, Canlaon Volcano, Chaiten volcano, Collapsing Cities, Comatose, convergent plate boundary, Crops Failure in China, drinking water, Earth's Interior, earthquake, environment, epicentres, evacuation, floods, food, Ghost towns, hot volcanic plumes, Indonesia, iwate, iwate quake, Japan, Kurikoma, lahar, Lake Taal, landslides, Luzon, Manila, Mayon Volcano, MINDANAO, Miyagi, Pacific Ring of Fire, Philippine, Philippine Plate, Philippines Taal Volcano, Ragang volcano, Santorini, Santorini eruption, Steam, stratovolcano, Taal Volcano, tectonic plates, VEI, Volcano activity, Volcanolog, Year of the Fire, year of the tornadoes, Year of Volcanoes | 1 Comment »
Posted by feww on June 2, 2008
Posted in Bangladesh, Climate Change, energy, environment, food, Global Warming, health, politics, Tourism, Travel, war | Tagged: Africa, agriculture, americas, Asia, basic needs, biocapacity, Bolivia, Buffett the Poor, Cameroon, China, collapse, demonstrations, ecosystems, Egypt, El Salvador, Emerging Food Crisis, environment, food, food riots, food shortages, Fueling Food Shortages, garment workers, government, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malaysia, Mauritania, money, Mozambique, Oil Chaos, Pakistan, Philippines Senegal, politics, Poverty Index, protests, Singapore, Somalia, staple diet, strikes, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen | Leave a Comment »
Posted by feww on May 29, 2008
China Regime: As Evil as Evil Comes!
Are Earthquake Predictions in China Political?
The following excerpts are from an article written by Wu Weilin, Epoch Times Staff [ May 28, 2008 ] Full Article
Was the recent devastating earthquake in Sichuan, China predicted before it struck? Did the Chinese regime ignore earthquake warnings and thereby caused the loss of more than 86,000 lives?
“On July 28, 2006, the Director of the China Earthquake Administration, Chen Jianmin, was speaking on a program of the regime’s mouth piece, China’s Central TV station. He stated with certainty that earthquakes were predictable. But immediately after the recent devastation in Sichuan, Chinese officials claimed that the prediction of earthquakes was a tough task worldwide. Another commentator said that earthquake prediction in China is a political issue.” Said Wu Weilin of Epoch Times.
[Wrapping it up!] Soldiers march to scatter disinfectant in Yingxiu town of Wenchuan county, the epicentre of the earthquake, Sichuan province May 26, 2008. REUTERS/Stringer The image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!
What Happened to the Predictions?
“According to Chen, China has been predicting earthquakes since the Xingtai earthquake back in 1966, which killed 8,064 people. ‘Through continuous scientific research and information gained from many actual cases, we can make a prediction on a certain type of earthquake.’ However, after the earthquake in Sichuan took place, Zhang Ziaodong from the China Earthquake Networks Center held a press conference at China’s State Department on May 13. At the conference Zhang denied the quake in Sichuan was predictable and said that predicting earthquakes was a ‘difficult task worldwide.'”
Why did the Chinese media stay quiet about this important issue? “A frontline reporter disclosed that Beijing had sent out rules on reporting the earthquake, ‘To propagate positive, constructive news and forbidding criticism and introspective articles.’ Recently, according to our source, Beijing has officially banned discussing the subject of earthquake prediction in public.”
“However, more and more information has indicated accurate prediction on the quake had been presented to Beijing on many occasions. The communist military had also taken preventative measures based on the predictions.”
Predictions Had Saved Lives Before, Why Not This Time?
“Chen also said during an interview with CCTV two years ago, that following an accurate prediction, a quake that took place in China on February 4, 1975, only took 1,300 lives instead of 100,000. Chen also gave examples from overseas, how predicting earthquakes had cut down the number of deaths – only three died in California in 2003 and 40 in Japan in 2004, two countries where earthquake prediction was released before the event.
“By May 24, 2008, the Sichuan quake was estimated to have killed 60,560, injured 352,290, and 26,221 people were still missing, according to information released from China’s State Department. A Chinese social economist, He Qinglian, commented about the difference in speeches coming out of Beijing about quake prediction before and after Sichuan, ‘In China, earthquake prediction is pure science and earthquake forecasting announcement is pure politics. This is how it works in China, whether in the past or present.‘” [emphasis added.]
Posted in Climate Change, environment, food, health, politics, Travel | Tagged: Asia, bribes, China, chinaquake, Climate Change, communists, corruption, CPC, CPC Central Committee, deathtraps, disaster, disaster relief, disasters, earthquake warning, ecosystems, environment, food, food prices, foreign policy, free world, government, health, Hu Jintao, human rights, Humanitarian Crisis, mainshock, money, new zealand, Olympics, pandemics, paratroopers, plague, politics, prostitutes, quake dam, rescue team, second wives, Sichuan, sleaze, storm, Tourism, Travel, water rationing, water shortage, wealth, Wen Jiabao, Zhou Yongkang | 7 Comments »
Posted by feww on May 22, 2008
Mount Semeru Volcano Restive, Alert Level III
May 22, 2008
Jakarta – Indonesian authorities on Thursday urged residents living around the slopes of Mount Semeru in Indonesia’s crowded East Java province to keep their distance from the active volcano, which appears to be heating up.
Vulcanologists upgraded the alert status of Mount Semeru volcano to level three, one level below a full state of alert, after the 3,676-metre-high volcano on Wednesday sent hot lava as much as 3,000 metres down its slopes.
Villagers and farmers were urged ‘not to conduct activity at a radius of 4 kilometres from the crater, especially around the south-east of the volcano’s slopes,’ said Surono, head of Indonesia’s Centre for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation at the directorate general of volcanology.
Surono, who like many Indonesians goes only by one name, appealed to residents living on the riverbanks along three different rivers to be cautious of threats posed by lava streams.
However, no immediate evacuation is being considered for residents living in a number villages in the potential danger zone, he said, adding that a team of experts is intensively monitoring Mount Semeru’s activity round-the-clock.
The Mount Semeru volcano, 780 kilometres east of Jakarta, is a popular tourist destination, especially for hikers. Semeru is one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes.
The Indonesian archipelago, straddling the seismically active ‘Ring of Fire,’ has the world’s highest density of volcanoes. Of its 500 volcanoes, 128 are active and 65 are listed as dangerous. (Source) Copyright respective author or news agency.
The climb to the summit of Semeru is a 2-3 day walk. The mountain stages minor eruptions (like in the photograph) every 20 – 40 minutes. The photo was taken in late afternoon (August 2003) and simply involved walking from the campsite at the base of the climb to the summit around to the west so that the sun was at my back, then waiting for the eruption to start. The most striking aspect of the photo is the colour caused by the almost perpendicular rays of the sun hitting the cloud of dust and steam escaping a couple of thousand metres into the sky from the crater. The photo typifies the fact that Indonesia sits in the middle of the “Ring of Fire”. The many spectacles presented by the landscapes, the festivals and the people of Indonesia never cease to truly amaze me. Photo and caption credit: Campbell Bridge (via Trek Earth at:http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Asia/Indonesia/photo109462.htm)
Semeru: The Most Active Volcano of Java
Semeru also Gunung Semeru is the highest and one of most active volcanoes of Java. Known also as Mahameru (Great Mountain), it is very steep and rises abruptly above the coastal plains of eastern Java. Maars containing crater lakes have formed along a line through the summit. Semeru lies at the south end of the Tengger Volcanic Complex. The steep-sided volcano, also referred to as Mahameru (Great Mountain), rises abruptly to 3676 m above coastal plains to the south. Semeru’s eruptive history is extensive. Since 1818, at least 55 eruptions have been recorded (10 of which resulted in fatalities) consisting of both lava flows and pyroclastic flows. More than 500 people have been killed by Semeru’s eruptions during the last 30 years. Semeru has been in almost continuous eruption since 1967. (Source 1 and 2 )
Semeru is one of many volcanoes in the Pacific Ring of Fire. Graphic courtesy of Darwin VAAC.
Semeru, a stratovolcano, has erupted at least 55 times since 1818. The eruptions are commonly moderate to moderately large (VEI of 2 to 3) and explosive. This photo, taken November 4, 1982, shows a small cloud associated with a Strombolian eruption (relatively low-level volcanic eruptions) . Photo by Jack Lockwood, U.S. Geological Survey. (Source)
Strombolian eruptions are relatively low-level volcanic eruptions, named after the Italian volcano named Stromboli, where such eruptions consist of ejection of incandescent cinder, lapilli and lava bombs to altitudes of tens to hundreds of meters. They are small to medium in volume, with sporadic violence. (Source). Credit: Wolfgang Beyer GNU Free Documentation license, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation.
Semeru eruptions are commonly moderate to moderately large (VEI of 2 to 3). Some of the eruptions produced lahars (a type of mudflow composed of pyroclastic material and water that flows down from a volcano). Semeru’s most recent eruption began in 1967 and has continued to the present. In August of 1994, explosions occurred at 15-20 minute intervals. In February of 1995, pyroclastic avalanches traveled about 0.6 mile (1 km) from the summit.
Semeru, 1985. A USGS Photo.
Posted in Climate Change, environment, food, health, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: acidic lake, Ash, Asia, Canlaon Volcano, Chaiten volcano, Collapsing Cities, convergent plate boundary, Crops Failure in China, drinking water, Earth's Interior, environment, epicentres, evacuation, floods, food, Ghost towns, Indonesia, lahar, landslides, Manila, Mayon Volcano, MINDANAO, Pacific Ring of Fire, Philippine, Philippine Plate, Ragang volcano, SOUTHERN SUMATRA, Taal Volcano, tectonic plates, VEI, Volcano activity, Volcanolog | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on May 19, 2008
Taal May Erupt at Anytime
FEWW team believes there is a strong probability that the Taal Volcano, a Pelean-type active volcano on the island of Luzon, might erupt this month. Taal volcano is designated as one of the 16 Decade Volcanoes by International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI). Located about 50 km south of the capital, Manila, Taal is surrounded by populated areas.
Taal has erupted violently several times (the last eruption was in 1977). The current death toll caused by its activities stands at about 6,000.
More seismic activities in the region should be expected.
Taal Volcano Seen through Lake Taal (Photo: Jhun Taboga)
A cinder cone in an acidic lake on Taal Volcano (Credit: JG Moore of the US Geological Survey)
Major volcanoes of the Philippines
Pacific Ring of Fire
The Pacific Ring of Fire is an area of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions encircling the basin of the Pacific Ocean. The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes. Ninety percent of the world’s earthquakes and 80% of the world’s largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire is a direct result and consequence of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of crustal plates. (Source)
World’s 14 major tectonic plates plus the Scotia plate. Mapped in the second half of the 20th century to explain the observed evidence for large scale motions of the Earth’s lithosphere. The lithosphere is broken up into tectonic plates. The surface of the Earth consists of a further 38  minor plates.
The largest of the major plates are
- African Plate, containing Africa – Continental plate
- Antarctic Plate, containing Antarctica – Continental plate
- Australian Plate, containing Australia (fused with Indian Plate about 50 million years ago) – Continental plate
- Eurasian Plate containing Asia and Europe – Continental plate
- North American Plate containing North America and north-east Siberia – Continental plate
- South American Plate containing South America – Continental plate
- Pacific Plate, covering the Pacific Ocean – Oceanic plate
Earthquakes, volcanic activity, mountain-building, and oceanic trench formation occur along plate boundaries. The lateral movement of the plates is typically at speeds of 5 – 10 cm/yr. (Read more …)
Recent Earthquakes [Kurile through Kermadec trenches]
[Time at epicenter]
- Magnitude 4.8; Depth of 48.7 km; SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS; Sunday, May 18, 2008 at 10:03:52 PM
- Magnitude 5.6; Depth of 35 km; SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA; May 18, 2008 at 07:17:24 PM
- Magnitude 4.6; Depth of 74.1km; MINDORO, PHILIPPINES; Sunday, May 18, 2008 at 07:24:17 PM
- Magnitude 4.9; Depth of 10 km; SABAH, MALAYSIA; Sunday, May 18, 2008 at 02:26:41 PM
- Magnitude 4.9; Depth of 31.3 km; NIAS REGION, INDONESIA; Sunday, May 18, 2008 at 09:59:59 AM
- Magnitude 4.4; Depth of 242.4 km;KYUSHU, JAPAN; Sunday, May 18, 2008 at 07:15:06 AM
- Magnitude 5.2; Depth of 127.1 km, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES, Saturday, May 17, 2008 at 10:17:30 PM
- Magnitude 5.1; Depth of 151.2 km; SOUTH OF THE KERMADEC ISLANDS; Saturday, May 17, 2008 at 02:23:17 PM
- Magnitude 5.3; Depth of 150.4 km; NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA; Saturday, May 17, 2008 at 03:35:14 AM
- Magnitude 5.4; Depth of 35 km; SOUTH OF THE KERMADEC ISLANDS; Friday, May 16, 2008 at 11:06:51 PM
- Magnitude 5.3; Depth of 41 km; SANTA CRUZ ISLANDS REGION; Friday, May 16, 2008 at 09:19:07 AM
- Magnitude 4.9; Depth of 606.3 km; FIJI REGION; Thursday, May 15, 2008 at 10:46:02 AM
- Magnitude 5.1; Depth of 35 km; TONGA; Friday, May 16, 2008 at 03:06:15 AM
- Magnitude 5.0; Depth of 25.8 km; KURIL ISLANDS; Wednesday, May 14, 2008 at 08:20:43 AM
- Magnitude 5.2; Depth of 52.5 km; LUZON, PHILIPPINES; Wednesday, May 14, 2008 at 05:48:32 AM
- Magnitude 5.2; Depth of 40.8 km; LUZON, PHILIPPINES; Depth of 40.8 km; Tuesday, May 13, 2008 at 10:14:30 PM
- Magnitude 5.4; Depth of 35 km; NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA; Tuesday, May 13, 2008 at 05:29:19 PM
- Magnitude 5.0; Depth of 36.7 km; TAIWAN REGION; Tuesday, May 13, 2008 at 06:57:46 AM
- Magnitude 4.6; Depth of 509 km; SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS; Monday, May 12, 2008 at 04:34:05 AM
Global earthquake epicentres, 1963–1998 (Image: NASA)
Philippines Other Major Volcanoes: Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano as viewed from Lingñon Hill in Daraga, Albay. Mayon, located between the Eurasian and the Philippine Plate, is a convergent plate boundary. It is the most active volcano in the Philippines, having erupted over 47 times in the past 400 years. Last eruption: 2006. (Copyrigh by Tam3rd via Wikimedia)
Canlaon, a stratovolcano, is located in the north central part of the island of Negros. Last eruption: 2006.
Weather clouds drape the sparsely vegetated summit of Kanlaon volcano (also spelled Canlaon). Kanlaon is the most active of the central Philippines and forms the highest point on the island of Negros. The massive 2435-m-high stratovolcano is dotted with fissure-controlled pyroclastic cones and craters, many of which are filled by lakes. Historical eruptions, recorded since 1866, have typically consisted of phreatic explosions of small-to-moderate size that produce minor ashfalls near the volcano. Photo courtesy of PHIVOLCS. Caption GVP
Ragang volcano (above and to the right of the center of image) is located in central Mindanao. Last eruption: 1916. Thanks mainly to the Filipino government and its education authorities, no other image of Ragnag Volcano could be found at the time of writing. NASA Space Shuttle image STS61A-40-71, 1985 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
There are 22 active volcanoes in the Philippines: Babuyan Claro, Banahaw, Bulusan, Mount Biliran, Bud Dajo, Cagua, Camiguin de Babuyanes, Didicas, Hibok-Hibok, Iraya, Mount Iriga, Mount Kanlaon, Leonard Kniaseff, Makaturing, Matutum, Mayon, Musuan, Mount Parker (Cotabato), Pinatubo, Ragang, Smith Volcano, Taal.
See also: List of volcanoes in the Philippines
Posted in Climate Change, environment, food, health, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: acidic lake, Ash, Asia, breaking news, Canlaon Volcano, Chaiten volcano, Collapsing Cities, convergent plate boundary, Crops Failure in China, drinking water, Earth's Interior, environment, epicentres, evacuation, floods, food, Ghost towns, Indonesia, lahar, Lake Taal, landslides, Luzon, Manila, Mayon Volcano, MINDANAO, Pacific Ring of Fire, Philippine, Philippine Plate, Ragang volcano, Santorini eruption, SOUTHERN SUMATRA, Taal Volcano, tectonic plates, VEI, Volcano activity, Volcanolog | 20 Comments »
Posted by feww on May 18, 2008
Posted in environment, food, health, Tourism, Travel | Tagged: acidic lake, Ash, Asia, breaking news, Chaiten volcano, Collapsing Cities, Crops Failure in China, drinking water, Earth's Interior, environment, evacuation, floods, food, Ghost towns, Indonesia, lahar, Lake Taal, landslides, Luzon, Manila, MINDANAO, Pacific Ring of Fire, Philippine, Santorini eruption, SOUTHERN SUMATRA, Taal Volcano, Volcano activity, Volcanology | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on May 18, 2008
Why was the quake nurse reduced to tears and had to beg the soldiers to rescue children?
If rescuing the children wasn’t their priority, and clearly it wasn’t, what were the soldiers ordered to do?
Anguished Chinese Nurse Serving in the Earthquake Disaster Area:
Please Rescue The Children!
Photo below was taken by Jason Lee of Reuters news agency (China). The caption reads:
“A nurse holding a general’s written order begs soldiers to rescue surviving children still buried in the ruins of another nearby school in the old city district near a mountain at the earthquake-hit Beichuan county, Sichuan province, May 15, 2008. The soldiers are not under the command of the general, whose written order reads: ‘Please arrange for rescue operations at this school as quickly as possible.'”
What were the orders soldiers own general gave them?
When did the authorities decide they couldn’t cope with too many quake survivors?
Credit: Reuters/Jason Lee (china) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!
A close up of the nurse’s face. Her heartfelt agony speaks a thousand words!
[Reuters caption: A nurse cries as she begs soldiers to rescue surviving children still buried in the ruins of another nearby school in the old city district near a mountain at the earthquake-hit Beichuan county, Sichuan province, May 15, 2008. REUTERS/Jason Lee (CHINA) Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notice!
The Olympics can wait; the survivors can’t!
“Although the time for the best chance of rescue, the first 72 hours after an earthquake, has passed [exactly as planned by CPC], saving lives remains the top priority of our work [believe what I say, not what I do, you ‘ignorant peasants’],” the [doublespeaking] Chinese president, Hu Jintao, told the survivors. (Source)
To the CORRUPT Chinese Government: The World is Watching YOU!
“Parents’ grief turns to anger at shoddily built deathtrap schools”
“Three days after the quake struck, troops and fire engines queued idly along the roadsides waiting for orders.”
“‘I saw a doctor walking along the lines of bloody bodies, checking pulses and looking at wounds. If he shook his head the nurses were instructed not to take the person to the operating theatre but move them to another room to die. It was like a scene from a war film,’ she said.” (Source)
Posted in beijing olympics, China, disease, food, politics, rescue operations, Tiananmen | Tagged: ACTION, Amnesty International, children, China, chinaquake, chinese nurse, Climate Change, communists, CPC, CPC Central Committee, cutoff areas, disaster, disaster relief, disasters, environment, food, food prices, foreign policy, free world, health, Hu Jintao, human rights, Humanitarian Crisis, jason lee, mainshock, NATO, new zealand, nurse, Olympics, pandemics, paratroopers, plague, red cross, rescue, rescue team, Reuters, Sichuan, storm, Tiananmen Square Massacre, Tourism, Travel, water rationing, water shortage, Wen Jiabao, Zhou Yongkang | 12 Comments »
Posted by feww on April 22, 2008
The following post was submitted by Lisa G., a guest contributor.
The Deep F*cking Greencovered Corporations and Their Fecal Brownfaced NGOs
The usual mix of the deep f*cking greencovered corporations and their fecal brownfaced NGOs are at it again. This time they have come up with a deep green branding campaign (what no Saatchi and Saatchi?) called FORTUNE’s first-ever Brainstorm: GREEN Conference.”
By all means, storm on busters. Brainstorm ‘til your brains Explode. Kindly brainstorm yourselves out of existence ‘cause you can’t have a sustainable world run by corporations no matter what color they are painted in, green, blue or any shade of fecal brown.
IF the catastrophic changes that are engulfing us could somehow be mitigated, slowed down or stopped [sic] … if a new world could be created [sic] as if by an act of divine intervention [sic] offering a sizable number of communities the luxury of a future … should those surviving communities then allow the same old global deep f*cking greencovered corporations and their NGOs reiterate the same old algorithms that are about to checkmate humanity?
Among the “brainstormers” are CEOs and other top-level representatives from world’s biggest earth polluters and their usual line up of NGOs and green front groups that provide the desperately-needed camouflage. Believe it or not, the list includes:
- Monsanto Company (WTF)
- Caterpillar, Inc. (Yes the ones with earth f*cking machines, and bulldozers in the occupied territories.)
- The Dow Chemical Company (Agent Orange!)
- McDonald’s Corporation
- General Motors Corporation
- JP Morgan
- The Coca-Cola Co.
- The Procter & Gamble Company
- Duke Energy Corporation
- Black & Veatch Holding Co.
- Hewlett-Packard Co.
- Edison International
- PG&E Corporation
- Lehman Brothers
- Dell Inc. (Yes, him, too!)
- Lufthansa German Airlines
- Xerox Corporation
- Siemens Corporate Research, Inc.
- Azamara Cruises and Celebrity Cruises
- The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.
- Bank of America Corporation
- JPMorgan Chase
- GE Energy
- Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.
- Marriott International, Inc.
And many others including their blue-thinking brownfaced NGO green fronts …
Posted in Climate Change, energy, environment, Global Warming, health, politics, Travel | Tagged: brainstorm, corporations, environment, fortune, future, green front groups, NGO, sustainable, world | 4 Comments »
Posted by feww on April 10, 2008
WILD FACTS SERIES: North Pacific Gyre
A patch of garbage dubbed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch floats in the middle of the Pacific Ocean in North Pacific Gyre. Depending on the source, the size estimate of the patch varies from the size of Texas to twice as large as the continental United States.
- About 46,000 pieces of plastic float on each square mile of sea (Source: telegraph.co.uk)
- Researcher Dr Marcus Eriksen believes the Great Pacific Garbage Patch stretches from about 500 nautical miles off the coast of California, across the Northern Pacific to near the coast of Japan.
- According to the Independent newspaper 100 million tons of plastic garbage float in the North Pacific Gyre.
The North Pacific Gyre (top, center)is one of five major oceanic gyres. (Image Credit: NOAA)
Following are links to a series of short videos by VBS.TV.
Marine debris on the Hawaiian coast (Image Credit: NOAA)
An Interesting animation of how the garbage entering the ocean is caught by the gyre.
Posted in Bisphenol A, california, Hawaii, infertility, Pacific Ocean, plastic bags, polyethylene, PVC, Water pollution | Tagged: environment, Garbage Island, life, North Pacific Gyre, oceans, plastics, pollution, Texas | 9 Comments »
Posted by feww on April 7, 2008
WILD FACTS SERIES
[Updated] Index of Human Impact on Nature (HIoN) March 2008
As of End March 2008, the MSRB-CASF Index of Human Impact on Nature (HIoN), an index for calculating the full impact of human consumption and activities on the Earth’s life support systems, stood at a terminally high level of 177.43, a rise of about 3.5 percent over the previous year. In other words, the full human impact including the ecological footprint and the damage inflicted on the living environment by his activities in the 12-month period ending March 2008 was 77.43 percent higher than the load which the planet’s ecosystems in their current state can cope with.
Components of HIoN
The HIoN Index integrates updated data and methodology used by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Synthesis Report for Global Status of Provisioning, Regulating, and Cultural Ecosystem services.
Before and After [Top : Blue Marble composite images generated by NASA. Bottom (left), Mars from Hubble Space Telescope, (right) “Late spring on Mars” portrait taken with the HST Wide Field Planetary Camera-2 by NASA. Final composite image by FEWW.]
According to HIoN projections, our cities and population centers would become almost entirely unsustainable by as early as 2015.
Source: Index of Human Impact on Nature
Posted in activities, consumption, Earth, energy, limits to growth, mars, Mars' sister, marsification | Tagged: Earth, economy, energy, environment, excessive consumption | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on January 20, 2008
World’s Most Powerful Nuclear Power Plant Under Construction at Olkiluoto [At least 2 years behind schedule; US$1.5billion over budget!]
Finland’s Prime Minister recently declared: “I don’t see that nuclear plants can be a global answer [to climate change.]” He added: “It can not be the only answer.”
Is he pained, frustrated and bitter because just a few days ago his country’s biggest power plant had a reactor scram [rapid emergency shutdown of a nuclear reactor] due to the “wrong” type of ice blocking the cooling system inflow (see below)? OR does he whine and lament because Finland’s Olkiluoto 3, their fifth nuke plant, is at least 2 years behind schedule and about 22 percent, €700million (~ US$1billion), over budget (and that doesn’t include the cost of decommissioning)?
Production cost of electricity from the 1600MW Olkiluoto 3 plant? Take a guess, any figure higher than US$4,000/kW could do. [That would be pure speculation, of course!]
[quote] Production break at the Olkiluoto 2 unit
The Olkiluoto power plant unit OL2 had a reactor scram this morning when frazil ice at the sea water intake screens weakened sea water flow. Warm water is circulated to the intake channel to melt down frazil ice. During the production break also other prepair work will be done at the unit and the unit is expected to be reconnected to the main grid on Sunday.
The incident did not have any safety or environmental impacts.
For further information, please, contact:
Mr Mikko Kosonen, Senior Vice President, Production,
tel. + 358 50 358 9266.
[Updated January 20, 2008]
Posted in economic, electricity, energy, environment, environmentally friendly, Finland, health, nuclear energy, politics, reactor scram | Tagged: Add new tag, costly energy, decommissioning, Duck-n-Cover, environment, Olkiluoto nuclear plant | 2 Comments »
Posted by feww on December 11, 2007
“The amount of ice lost by Greenland over the last year is the equivalent of two times all the ice in the Alps, or a layer of water more than one-half mile deep covering Washington DC,” said Konrad Steffen of the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Using satellite data, Steffen and his colleagues have monitored the rapid thinning of ice, which was 10 percent greater than the previous record year in 2005.
If all the ice in Greenland melted, about one-twentieth of the world’s total, the sea level would rise by 6.4 meters globally.
According to a National Snow and Ice Center report in May, the Arctic ice cap was melting much faster than predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and was now about 30 years ahead of IPCC forecast. Read more…
Is melting ice the world’s foremost problem? Read more…
Posted in Al Gore, Climate Change, costal flooding, Global Warming, Greenland ice sheet, health, IPCC, National Snow and Ice Center, politics, sea level rise | Tagged: environment, greenhouse gasses, ice melt, stern report | Leave a Comment »