Fire Earth

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Posts Tagged ‘fungal meningitis’

WNV Infections Continue Rising

Posted by feww on October 22, 2012

More than 5,000 WNV infections reported to CDC

WNV infections in the U.S. have caused at least 183 deaths thus far in 2012.

At least five thousand one hundred and twenty-two [number of cases to be confirmed] West Nile virus infections have been reported to CDC ArboNET from 48 states as of posting. The cases are from Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

  • About 70 percent of the cases have been reported from 8 states (Texas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Illinois, South Dakota, Michigan, and Oklahoma).
  • More than a third of all cases have been reported from Texas.
  • More than 51% of the cases are classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis).

Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak:

  • 23 dead
  • 285 infected
  • Infections reported across 16 states

NOTE: 282 cases of fungal meningitis, stroke due to presumed fungal meningitis, or other central nervous system-related infection meeting the outbreak case definition, plus 3 peripheral joint infections (e.g., knee, hip, shoulder, elbow). No deaths have been associated with peripheral joint infections, CDC reported.

Spain Earthquake

Large scale groundwater extraction caused a 2011 earthquake in Spain which left at least nine people dead, more than 100 injured and thousands homeless,  researchers said.

  • A 5.1 magnitude  earthquake near the city of Lorca in southeastern Spain occurred at a shallow depth 3 km, causing extensive damage.
  • Researchers found the water table in the Alto Guadalentin Basin had dropped by 250 meters since 1960 due to groundwater extraction.
  • “Modeling results are consistent with a groundwater crustal unloading process, providing a reasonable explanation for the observed fault slip pattern.” They said.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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Rising Threat of Fungal Infections: Exserohilum Rostratum

Posted by feww on October 11, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,252 Days Left

[October 11, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,252 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Exserohilum Rostratum

Several of the meningitis patients who received epidural steroid injections (medication injected into the spine), have had strokes related to the infection, according to CDC. The meningitis was found to be caused by fungi that are common in the environment but rarely cause infection.


Exserohilum
is a common mold found in soil and on plants, especially grasses. Exserohilum can cause keratitis (eye inflammation), subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis, endocarditis (inflammation of the lining of the heart), osteomyelitis (bone infection), and sinusitis. (Source: CDC)

Fungal Meningitis Outbreak in the U.S.

  • Case Count: 137  [October 10, 2012 5:45:00 PM EDT]
  • States: 10
  • Deaths: 12

West Nile Virus Infections

“Four thousand seven hundred and thirteen [4,713] human West Nile virus infections have been reported to CDC ArboNET [4,249 cases cited elsewhere on the CDC website] from Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.” CDC reported.

  • 168 deaths reported
  • Cases reported from 47 states and District of Columbia
  • More than 70 percent of the cases have been reported in 8 states: Texas, Mississippi, Michigan, South Dakota, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Illinois and California.
  • Texas reported about 40 percent of all cases.
  • The Dallas-Fort Worth area has reported 33 deaths, the highest number in the country.
  • “The Dallas Morning News reported Wednesday that health officials in Tarrant County, home to Fort Worth, may have vastly underreported cases of the serious neuroinvasive form of West Nile,” a report said.

WNV activity reported from 47 states and DC


West Nile virus (WNV) activity reported to ArboNET, by state, United States, 2012 (as of October 9, 2012). 

U.S. Agri Disaster Areas

USAD has designated 64 counties across six states as agricultural disaster areas. The disaster list also includes independent city of Charlottesville in Virginia and Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana.

  • In Montana and surrounding states—Idaho and the Dakotas—losses have been caused by “the combined effects of early spring frosts and freezes, drought, excessive heat, high winds, wildfires, insects, hail, lightning and tornadoes that began Jan. 1, 2012, and continues.”
  • North Carolina counties were designated as disaster areas due to losses caused by excessive rain and flooding that occurred May 14-16, 2012.
  • In Virginia disaster areas were declared due to losses caused by excessive rain, hail, high winds and lightning associated with a derecho.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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Outbreak of Naegleria Fowleri in Pakistan

Posted by feww on October 10, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,253 Days Left

[October 10, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,253 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

.

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

‘Brain-eating’ amoeba outbreak claims 10 lives in Pakistan

The deadly outbreak has claimed at least 10 lives, including two children, with the latest three deaths occurring last week.

  • “The three people who died in September had not been to a swimming pool. It is a serious cause for concern that people are contracting the infection by using tap water,” Pakistan’s Health Minister told reporters.
  • N. fowleri has an estimated  fatality rate of 98%.
  • N. fowleri deaths have previously been reported in Czechoslovakia, Pakistan, United Kingdom, and the U.S. (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia).


Trophozoite of Naegleria fowleri in CSF, stained with H&E.  Source: CDC


Trophozoite of Naegleria fowleri in CSF, stained with trichrome. Image courtesy of the Texas State Health Department via CDC.

USA:  Meningitis outbreak linked to epidural steroid injections

  • Case Count: 119 [as of October 10, 2012 @ 8:45 AM EDT]
  • States: 10 (1 case reported in NJ)
  • Deaths: 11

Russia: Severe flooding prompted the officials in Russia’s North Caucasus Republic of Dagestan to declare a state of emergency.

  • Mudflows caused by extreme rain events have claimed at least 7 lives and damaged or destroyed hundreds of homes in the southern Russian city of Derbent, said a report.
  • At least 1,100 people including 280 children have been displaced.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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Deadly Landslide Caused by ‘Continuous Rain, Geological Conditions and Earthquakes’

Posted by feww on October 6, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,257 Days Left

[October 6, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,257 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

.

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

A deadly landslide that claimed at least 19 lives in southwest China’s Yunnan Province was caused by a combination of continuous rain, geological conditions and earthquakes, Chinese geologists have said.

  • “… the area where the landslide occurred received about 297 mm of precipitation from Sept. 1 to Oct. 4, three times the amount received during the same period in previous years…  Rock and soil that was loosened by multiple earthquakes that occurred in early September formed a landslid,” said a report.

Other Disasters/ Significant Events

United States

Nine states have reported cases of meningitis linked to epidural steroid injections, CDC reported. An estimated 17,000 people may have received the injections.  As of October 6, 201 2:00pm ET2:

Total count: 64 cases, 7 dead

  • Florida: 4 cases
  • Indiana: 5 cases
  • Maryland: 3 cases, including 1 death
  • Michigan: 8 cases, including 2 deaths
  • Minnesota: 1 case
  • North Carolina: 2 cases
  • Ohio: 1 case
  • Tennessee: 29 cases, including 3 deaths
  • Virginia: 11 cases, including 1 death

California

  • San Bernardino. The city of San Bernardino has become the third California city in two weeks to file bankruptcy protection in the face of a $45-million budget shortfall, reports said.
  • Atwater. The small Central California city of Atwater (Pop: ~28,000) has declared A fiscal emergency, which could translate to the state’s fourth municipal bankruptcy this year, said a report.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

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