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Posts Tagged ‘Global CO2 emissions’

‘Chunyun’ Madness: World’s Largest Human Migration

Posted by feww on February 5, 2015

3.74 Billion trips in 40 days!

China’s Spring Festival, “Chunyun,” began on February 4 and will last until March 16, a 40-day travel frenzy period surrounding the Chinese Lunar New Year, which falls on February 19 this year.

The world’s most populous country is expected to make billions of trips during the 40-day Chunyun madness, 3.4 percent higher than last year.

In 2014, 3.62 Billion passenger trips were made during the spring madness.

Calculated at an estimated average carbon footprint of 100kg of CO2 per passenger trip, the Chunyun journeys will have produced a total of about 374 million metric tons of CO2.

China’s per capita CO2 emissions was 7.2 metric tons in 2013, surpassing the European Union in pollution levels [per capita 6.8 tons in Europe, 16.4 tons in the U.S. and 1.9 tons in India,] according to a study conducted by the Tyndall Center and the University of Exeter’s College of Mathematics and Physical Sciences.

The researchers projected global emissions would rise by 2.5 percent in 2014 to a record total of 40 billion tons.

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Mass Evacuations in Germany as Dam on Elbe River Breaks

Posted by feww on June 10, 2013

Tens of thousands evacuated across Saxony-Anhalt region amid devastating floods

Up to 40,000 people have been evacuated across Saxony-Anhalt region in eastern Germany after a dam at the confluence of the Rivers Elbe and Saale south of the state capital Magdeburg burst.

The latest episode in Europe’s most devastating flood saw the water levels in the Elbe River rising to a record 7.48 meters, some 0.76m above the 2002 levels and more than 5 meters above normal, affecting towns and villages near the cities of Magdeburg, Aken and Berlin.

The cost of damage so far is estimated at $8billion dollars,  the Cologne Institute for Economic Research has reported.

Meantime, the Interior Minister for Saxony-Anhalt was quoted as saying that air and land surveillance would be stepped up across the state in response to a threat from a group calling itself the Germanophobic Flood Brigade to attack the dikes.

“Downstream along the Elbe, the town of Lauenburg and the village of Hitzacker in Lower Saxony were bracing for flood waters in the coming days. More rain heavy rain is expected Monday in the states of Thuringia, Saxony and Bavaria,” said a report.

Meantime, people in Budapest are bracing as the surging Danube approaches.


Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Worldwide carbon emissions hit record high in 2012

Global CO2 emissions in 2012 rose by 1.4 percent to 31.6 billion tons, IEA has estimated.

  • The biggest emitter in 2012 was China, which spewed an additional 300 million tons.
  • Additional use of gas to generate power helped reduce the CO2 emissions in the U.S.
  • Japan’s CO2 emissions rose by 70 million tons because the country’s inadequate energy efficiency measure couldn’t offset increasing use of fossil fuels after the Fukushima disaster, said a report.


Tornadic waterspout filmed in Côte d’Azur, France


Shallow Earthquake Rattles Northern Territory, Australia

An earthquake measuring 5.8Mw struck the Australian state of Northern Territory on Sunday.

EQ Details:

  • Magnitude: 5.8Mw
  • Event Time: 2013-06-09 14:22:12 UTC
  • Location: 25.966°S 131.976°E
  • Depth: 1.1km (0.7mi)
  • Nearby Cities: 316km (196mi) SW of Alice Springs


Another Day of Wild Weather across the U.S.

Monday: Severe weather moves East; heavy rain to pummel the Northeast, as record-setting temperatures in the West prompt Red Flag Warnings across multiple states.

us-weather-hazmap 10jun13
US Map of Weather Hazards for June 10, 2013. Source: NWS

The NWS Storm Prediction Center is forecasting a risk of severe thunderstorms Monday afternoon & evening across parts of the Mid-Atlantic, from Maryland across central Virginia and North Carolina and into South Carolina. Damaging winds will be the primary threat though the development of a few tornadoes is possible. There is also a risk of severe thunderstorms across parts of the Tennessee Valley.


Accelerating Rises in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Recent Monthly Average Mauna Loa CO2
May 2013:     399.77 ppm
May 2012:     396.78 ppm

Up-to-date weekly average CO2 at Mauna Loa

Week beginning on June 2, 2013: 399.20 ppm
Weekly value from 1 year ago: 395.59 ppm
Weekly value from 10 years ago: 378.50 ppm

Last 5 days of preliminary daily average CO2

  • June 08 – 398.67
  • June 07 – 398.98
  • June 06 – 399.32
  • June 05 – 399.46
  • June 04 – 399.17



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Global CO2 Emissions Up 2.5 Pct

Posted by feww on November 14, 2012


[November 14, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,214 Days Left to the most Fateful Day in Human History
  • Symbolic countdown to the ‘worst day’ in human history began on May 15, 2011 ...


Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Global 2011 CO2 emissions top 34 billion metric tons: IWR

Global CO2 emissions again reached a new record in 2011 rising 2.5 percent to 34 billion metric tons (bmt), compared with 33.2 bmt in 2010, as humanoids continued to consume ever-increasing amounts of fossil fuels, according to IWR, a renewable energy institute based in Germany.

  • Global CO2 emissions have risen by more than 50 percent in two decades.
  • In 1990,  some 22.7 bmt of carbon dioxide were emitted globally, IWR reported.
  • “China comes highest in the CO2 ranking of countries for 2011 with 8.9 bn metric tons of carbon dioxide (2010: 8.3 bn metric tons). That is 50 percent more than the USA with 6.0 bn metric tons (2010: 6.2 bn metric tons), which ranked second. At 1.8 bn metric tons (2010: 1.7 bn metric tons), India ranks third ahead of Russia with 1.67 bn metric tons (2010: 1.7 bn metric tons) and Japan with 1.3 bn metric tons (2010: 1.3 bn metric tons). Germany ranks 6th with 804 m metric tons (2010: 828 m metric tons). Among the top 10 largest emitters, the USA, Russia and Germany reduced their CO2 emissions in comparison to the previous year (all national results at,” said IWR.

Monthly mean atmospheric carbon dioxide at Mauna Loa Observatory. Source: ESRL

Annual mean carbon dioxide growth rates for Mauna Loa. Decadal averages of the growth rate are plotted as horizontal lines for 1960 through 1969, 1970 through 1979, and so on. Source: ESRL

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background


Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global ghg emissions, global heating | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Deadly Heat Continues to Devour U.S. Crops

Posted by feww on July 19, 2012

‘If I had a rain prayer or a rain dance …’ —Vilsack

U.S. drought intensifies as deadly heat plagues regions from Dakotas to Ohio Valley

‘Dangerous and deadly heat has entrenched itself in the central Plains and Midwest with no prospects of relief in the near future,’ said NOAA forecasters.

U.S. Weather Hazards Map, July 19, 2012. Source: NWS

  • Excessive Heat Warnings are in effect for parts of 10 states and into the weekend for parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas, Ohio and Pennsylvania.
  • Heat Advisories have been issued for parts of 19 states:  South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Connecticut and Rhode Island, NWS reported.

U.S. Daily Highest Max Temperature Records (July 17, 2012)

Highest Max Temp Reported

BURLINGTON 2S,  DES MOINES, IA.  New record: 107.0°F set on 2012-07-17; old record at 98.0°F dated 2006-07-17

Drought 2012

If I had a rain prayer or a rain dance I could do, I would do it.”

USDA has now declared as primary disaster areas a total of about 1,300 counties [many other counties are designated as contiguous disaster areas ] across 29 states, as grain prices shoot through the roof due to deadly heat and unrelenting drought.

“I get on my knees everyday and I’m saying an extra prayer right now,” Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack told reporters after briefing with the Disaster President  Obama. “If I had a rain prayer or a rain dance I could do, I would do it.”

Among nature’s extreme dislikes is the fact that more than 40 percent of the U.S. corn is used to produce ethanol.

Weekly drought statistics to be released by U.S. Drought Monitor later today could show more than two-thirds of Continental U.S. in drought condition.

By early July 2012, more than 60% of the contiguous United States was experiencing drought conditions, nearly double the area from early January. This NOAA animation shows monthly composites of D1 to D4 categories of drought in the contiguous U.S. over the time frame January 2012 to July 2012 using data from the U.S. Drought Monitor. The Drought Monitor summary map identifies general drought areas, labeling droughts by intensity, with D1 (lightest color) being the least intense and D4 (darkest color) being the most intense.

State of Emergency Declared in Wisconsin

Governor Walker has declared a state of emergency in all 72 Wisconsin counties due to drought and abnormally dry conditions extending across most of the state.

“Wisconsin families, businesses and farmers are hurting as a result of this drought,” said Gov. Walker. “The increase in wildfires due to the combined lack of rain and high temperatures is adding to the risk of major economic losses, especially in agriculture. This is a time of crisis for many people, and we will utilize whatever resources are necessary to help.”

On July 10, Walker declared a state of emergency in 42 southern and central counties.

Latest Disaster Declarations by USDA

USDA has issued Disaster Declarations due to damage and losses caused by drought and excessive heat that began in April 1, 2012, and continues in

  • Missouri: A total of 105 counties declared as agricultural disaster areas.
  • Arkansas:  5 counties
  • Illinois: 9 counties
  • Iowa: 10 counties
  • Kansas: 10 counties
  • Nebraska: 3 counties
  • Oklahoma: 2 counties

USDA designated ten  Counties in Wyoming as agricultural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

  • All other Wyoming counties that would be eligible under 7 CFR 759.5 (a), already have been designated as primary natural disaster counties.

USDA designated 16 Counties in Utah as agricultural disaster areas  due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

  • Arizona.  The designation also extends to 2 contiguous counties in Arizona.

USDA Designates 5  Counties in Tennessee agricultural disaster areas  due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

  • Arkansas.  The designation also extends to 2 contiguous counties in Arkansas.
  • Mississippi.  Extends also to 2 counties in Mississippi.

USDA has designated 32  counties in Arkansas as agricultural natural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

  • Mississippi. No. of counties are contiguous disaster areas: 4
  • Tennessee.  Counties declared contiguous disaster areas: 2

USDA has designated 5 counties  in Georgia as  agricultural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

USDA has designated 30 counties in Indiana as agricultural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

USDA has designated 10 counties in Mississippi as agricultural natural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

  • All other Mississippi counties that would be eligible under 7 CFR 759.5 (a), already have been designated as primary natural disaster areas.
  • Arkansas. Counties declared contiguous disaster areas: 3

USDA has designated 7 counties in New Mexico as  agricultural natural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by the recent drought.

  • Arizona. Counties declared as contiguous disaster areas: 1

Latest Available Maps of Agricultural Disaster Areas in the U.S.

Map of U.S. counties declared as agricultural disaster areas under ‘Streamlined Disaster Designation Process,’ as of July 12, 2012

PRIMARY & CONTIGUOUS COUNTIES designated for 2012 crop disaster losses – As of 07/10/2012 – through Designation No. S3260 (Approved 07/03/2012)

Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events

  • Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). A massive wildfire has consumed/affected about 2,000 hectares on the  volcanic island of Tenerife forcing the authorities to evacuate 1,800 inhabitants of the small town of Vilaflor, as well as the residents of another village nearby, reports said.
    • Another large fire burned more than 500 hectares on the neighboring island of La Palma before it was  brought under control on Tuesday, officials said.

Global Carbon Dioxide  Emissions

Global CO2 emissions rose 3 percent to 34 billion tons, said  a new EU report today.

  • China emits 29 percent of global total (9.7 billion tons), while the U.S. is responsible for 16 percent (5.42 billion tons), the EU11 percent, India 6 percent, Russia 5 percent and Japan 4 percent, according to the report.
  • Australia has the world’s largest per capita emissions at 19 tons, followed by the U.S. at 17.3 tons and Saudi Arabia at 16.5 tons per year.
  • The report was released by EC’s Joint Research Center (JRC) and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.

Links to Recent Related Entries

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global drought, Global Food Shortages, global ghg emissions, global precipitation patterns, global Temperature Anomalies, global temperatures | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Encephalitis Kills 200 in Bihar, India

Posted by feww on June 19, 2012

Death toll exceeds 200 in AES outbreak in Bihar, eastern India

An outbreak of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) has claimed at least 200 lives in India’s eastern state of Bihar since May, reports quoting government sources said.

State health officials in Bihar have identified 10 districts where the mosquito-borne disease has spread. Most of the dead are children.

The disease has killed thousands of people in India since the late 1970s, reports said.

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, which can be caused by a bacterial infection, e.g, bacterial meningitis, spreading directly to the brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of a brain with encephalitis. It has resulted in a large lesion (orange). Source: NHS/UK

Acute viral encephalitis

Acute viral encephalitis is most often caused by a viral infection from a large list of viruses that include rabies virus, herpes simplex virus (the virus that causes cold sores and the sexually transmitted infection, STI, genital herpes), poliovirus, measles virus, JC virus, West Nile Virus, mumps, varicella zoster virus (the virus which is responsible for chickenpox in children and shingles in adults), and rubella.

Exposure to viruses can occur through

  • Breathing in respiratory droplets from an infected person
  • Contaminated food or drink
  • Mosquito, tick, and other insect bites
  • Skin contact (Source A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia and others

Other causes may include an allergic reaction to vaccinations, autoimmune disease, bacteria, such as Lyme disease, complication of an existing infectious disease such as syphilis and tuberculosis, parasitic infestations, such as malaria, roundworms, cysticercosis, and toxoplasmosis in AIDS patients and other people who have a weakened immune system, or the effects of cancer.

For a list of other acute infections and symptoms click HERE.

Other Global Disasters, Significant Events

  • Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic. An Excessive Heat Warning remains in effect from 1 pm Wednesday  to 6 am EDT Friday for New Castle-Mercer-Gloucester-Camden-Northwestern Burlington-Chester-Montgomery-Bucks-Delaware-Philadelphia- including the cities of Wilmington, Trenton, Glassboro, Camden, CherryHill, Moorestown, Mount Holly, West Chester, Norristown, Doylestown, Media and Philadelphia. NWS has forecast Heat Index Values of up yo 103ºF (39.4ºC).
  • Arizona and California.  An Excessive Heat Watch remains in effect through Friday for east-central, southwest and south-central Arizona deserts and lower deserts of far southeast California. Cities include the Phoenix Metro area, Yuma, El Centro, Casa Grande, Wickenburg, Parker and Blythe. NWS has forecast temperature high of up to 115ºF (~46ºC).
  • North Carolina.A wildfire that is burning in Croatan National Forest has grown to 10,800 acres, a fire official said.
    • “Ash has been falling from the sky in areas near the forest, and high levels of particle pollution have spurred two agencies to issue alerts. The National Weather Service has issued a Code Red Air Quality alert for Craven County until 8:15 PM on June 19. And the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources has issued a Code Red Air Quality Action Day for Craven, Jones, and Pamlico Counties,” said a report.

Up-to-date weekly average CO2 at Mauna Loa

  • Week of June 10, 2012:     396.37 ppm  (1-year increase:  2.75 ppm)
  • Weekly value from 1 year ago:     393.62 ppm
  • Weekly value from 10 years ago:     375.41 ppm

Recent Mauna Loa CO2

  • May 2012:     396.78 ppm  (1-year increase: 2.62 ppm; 10-year increase: 21.13 ppm; 50-year increase: 75.77 ppm)
  • May 2011:     394.16 ppm
  • May 2002:    375.65 ppm
  • May 1962:     321.01 ppm

The graph shows recent monthly mean carbon dioxide measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii.

The last four complete years of the Mauna Loa CO2 record plus the current year are shown. Data are reported as a dry air mole fraction defined as the number of molecules of carbon dioxide divided by the number of all molecules in air, including CO2 itself, after water vapor has been removed. The mole fraction is expressed as parts per million (ppm). Example: 0.000400 is expressed as 400 ppm.  In the above figure, the dashed red line with diamond symbols represents the monthly mean values, centered on the middle of each month. The black line with the square symbols represents the same, after correction for the average seasonal cycle. The latter is determined as a moving average of SEVEN adjacent seasonal cycles centered on the month to be corrected, except for the first and last THREE and one-half years of the record, where the seasonal cycle has been averaged over the first and last SEVEN years, respectively. [Source: NOAA/ESRL]

Recent Global CO2

  • April 2012:     394.01 ppm (1-year increase: 2.18 ppm)
  • April 2011:     391.83 ppm

The graph shows recent monthly mean carbon dioxide globally averaged over marine surface sites.
The Global Monitoring Division of NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory has measured carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases for several decades at a globally distributed network of air sampling sites [Conway, 1994]. A global average is constructed by first fitting a smoothed curve as a function of time to each site, and then the smoothed value for each site is plotted as a function of latitude for 48 equal time steps per year. A global average is calculated from the latitude plot at each time step [Masarie, 1995].
  Source: NOAA/ESRL

  • Typhoon GUCHOL and TS TALIM

Source: SSEC

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in Climate change dividends, climate change fallout, climate disasters, climate extremes, global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Shooting Nature in the Head

Posted by feww on May 24, 2012

China to increase artificial precipitation by 5 percent in five years: Officials

China to add more than 7,000 rocket launchers, at least 50 planes and 7,000 guns to its arsenal targeting the weather, China Daily reported.

“Many of the nation’s natural and agricultural disasters, especially those involving grain and tobacco, are caused by drought,” said Zheng Guoguang, administrator of the China Meteorological Administration.

“With so many areas in China, especially rural areas, vulnerable to storms, blizzards, hail and other natural disasters, the demand has been rapidly increasing to use science and technology to reduce the risks.”

“Aircraft, guns and rockets will be used to prevent unpredictable weather from disrupting major events.” Weather manipulation started in 1958, said Wang Guanghe, deputy director of the artificial weather intervention center under the China Meteorological Administration, who dismissed  concerns over hazards associated  to the weather-manipulation projects.

“Weather modification involves seeding clouds with grains of dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) or tiny particles of silver iodide to stimulate rainfall. Its use has been expanding nationally in recent years to tackle drought, hailstones, forest fires and floods,” according to the report.

[MODERATORS’ NOTE:  Both the frequency and intensity of “drought, hailstones, forest fires and floods” in China have increased over the past decades.]

China’s air force bombers emptied their deadly load on ice-jammed rivers in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, March 20, 2012. (Xinhua).  More images…

“Some 560,000 manipulations of the weather have been conducted since 2002 using rockets and projectiles carrying dry ice or silver iodide,” said a report.

“Aircraft, guns and rockets will be used to prevent unpredictable weather from disrupting major events.”

Global Disasters

  • Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil-fuel burning rose to a record high of 31.6 gigatons (Gt), a rise of 1 Gt or 3.2 percent on 2010, according to IEA preliminary estimates released today.
    • Coal accounted for 45% of total energy-related CO2 emissions in 2011, followed by oil (35%) and natural gas (20%), IEA said.
    • “India’s emissions rose by 140 Mt, or 8.7%, moving it ahead of Russia to become the fourth largest emitter behind China, the United States, and the European Union. Despite these increases, per-capita CO2 emissions in China and India still remain just 63% and 15% of the OECD average respectively.”
  • Europe. Europe is forecast to spend more than US$500 billion on oil imports in 2012, IEA reported.
    • “From 2000 to 2010 the average amount spent on oil imports in Europe was USD182 billion a year. In 2011 oil imports reached a record of USD488 billion.”

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global drought | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 5 Comments »