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Posts Tagged ‘H1N1’

Deadly Swine Flu Sweeps Much of Russia, Neighboring Countries

Posted by feww on January 22, 2016

Deadly swine flu hits 49 Russian regions

Dozen of swine flu cases, including fatalities, have been registered in 49 Russian regions including Moscow, St. Petersburg, Crimea and Sevastopol and in neighboring countries, said a report.

Report Highlights

At least 14 lethal swine flu cases have reportedly been registered across Russia since December 2015.

Swine flu (subtype H1N1 of influenza A virus) is common among pigs. Transmission of the virus from animals to humans is not common and does not always lead to human flu, often resulting instead in the production of antibodies only. However, when it does develop in humans, it carries a higher risk of fatality than the common flu.

Moscow. Swine flu in Moscow in the current epidemic season is responsible for 21 percent of all influenza cases in the city.

  • 147 people in Moscow were confirmed as infected with the swine flu virus, as of January 20.

Other Regions. New cases of swine flu were registered in seven Russian regions:  Kaliningrad, Samara, Vologda, Sakhalin, Novgorod, Yaroslavl and Primorye.

  • In Kostroma, the only registered case was fatal.
  • Four people were diagnosed with swine flu in the westernmost Russian region of Kaliningrad, regional authorities announced on Thursday.
  • Seven people infected with the H1N1 (swine flu) virus in Crimea.

As of January 18, at least 27 fatalities caused by swine flu have been registered across Russia.

Ukraine. Authorities will impose a quarantine, starting January 23, in an attempt to stem the spread of swine flu across the country.

Georgia. The infection has killed at least three people in the mountainous Caucasus region. Georgia’s health workers were put on high alert on Wednesday, following a surge in influenza and acute viral respiratory infection cases.

Armenia. As of January 20, at least 18 fatalities have occurred from complications of swine flu. However, the Armenian health authorities do not consider the spread of swine flu in the country as an epidemic outbreak, said the report.

Read more: http://sputniknews.com/russia/20160122/1033527252/swine-flu-russia.html

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Flu hits epidemic levels in U.S.

Posted by feww on January 2, 2015

Influenza Activity Continues to Increase in U.S.

Mortality due to influenza and pneumonia has reached “epidemic” levels in the U.S. as flu activity spreads in 36 states, reported the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Pneumonia and Influenza (P&I) Mortality Surveillance:

During week 51 (December 14-20, 2014), 6.8% of all deaths reported through the 122 Cities Mortality Reporting System were due to P&I. This percentage was at the epidemic threshold of 6.8% for the week.

Between October 1, 2014 and December 20, 2014, 2,643 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations were reported. The overall hospitalization rate was 9.7 per 100,000 population. The highest rate of hospitalization was among adults aged ≥65 years (38.3 per 100,000 population), followed by children aged 0-4 years (13.4 per 100,000 population). Among all hospitalizations, 2,529 (95.7%) were associated with influenza A, 100 (3.8%) with influenza B, nine (0.3%) with influenza A and B co-infection, and five (0.2%) had no virus type information. Among those with influenza A subtype information, 760 (99.9%) were H3N2 virus and one (0.1%) was 2009 H1N1.

Synopsis for week 51 [Mirrored from CDC]

  • Viral Surveillance: Of 21,858 specimens tested and reported by U.S. World Health Organization (WHO) and National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System (NREVSS) collaborating laboratories during week 51, 6,152 (28.1%) were positive for influenza.
  • Pneumonia and Influenza Mortality: The proportion of deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza (P&I) was at the epidemic threshold.
  • Influenza-associated Pediatric Deaths: Four influenza-associated pediatric deaths were reported.
  • Influenza-associated Hospitalizations: A cumulative rate for the season of 9.7 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations per 100,000 population was reported.
  • Outpatient Illness Surveillance: The proportion of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) was 5.5%, above the national baseline of 2.0%. All 10 regions reported ILI at or above region-specific baseline levels. Puerto Rico and 22 states experienced high ILI activity; six states experienced moderate ILI activity; New York City and eight states experienced low ILI activity; 14 states experienced minimal ILI activity; and the District of Columbia had insufficient data.
  • Geographic Spread of Influenza: The geographic spread of influenza in 36 states was reported as widespread; Guam, Puerto Rico, and 10 states reported regional activity; the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and two states reported local activity; and two states reported sporadic activity.

Influenza activity was “widespread” in 36 states during week 51, according to the CDC’s latest FluView report. The states included Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

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