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Posts Tagged ‘Hawaii drought’

Drought Intensifies Throughout USA

Posted by feww on April 13, 2012

More than 60% of the lower 48 states and Hawaii in “abnormally dry” or drought conditions

Wildfires as far north as upstate New York and multiple outbreaks of brushfires along the Atlantic Coast from New England to Florida are occurring due to unusually dry weather and winds.

List of states that are in 100% “abnormally dry” or drought conditions

  • Arizona
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Vermont

More than 99.96% of Florida  is currently in drought, with nearly a third of the state experiencing the worst two categories of drought, Extreme (D3), and Exceptional (D4).

List of states that are in more than 94% “abnormally dry” or drought conditions

  • California (95.11%)
  • Colorado (94.83%)
  • Georgia (95.48%)
  • Maryland (98.05%)
  • Minnesota (99.88%)
  • Nevada (99.87%)
  • Utah (99.01%)

More than 84% of Georgia is currently in drought, with nearly two-thirds of the state experiencing D3 and D4 drought levels.

The following excerpts are from the U.S. Drought Monitor (Report released on April 12, 2012)

  • The Northeast and Mid-Atlantic
    • The U.S. Drought Monitor report:  During the past 60-days, 25 to 50 percent of normal precipitation has fallen from northern Virginia northward into coastal Maine, with deficits between 4 and 8 inches. Similar percentages and deficiencies also existed at 90-days in the same areas. Since the start of the year, deficits have included: 7.63 inches at Islip, NY; 7.39 inches at Providence, RI; 7.18 inches at Boston, MA; 5.71 inches at Salisbury, MD; and 4.90 inches at Hartford, CT.  The early green-up of trees and vegetation was slowed by the colder air, but yet many plants have begun to grow, taking moisture out of the soils. According to the USGS, stream flow levels were at near- or record lows for April 10 at 1-, 7-, 14-, and 28-day averages in much of New England and the mid-Atlantic. Additionally, there have been several outbreaks of brushfires and some large wild fires, even as far north as upstate New York.
  • Southeast:
    • Augusta, Georgia.  The driest rolling 365-day period ending on April 4 beat the former record by 5 inches, while this 365-day period was the 4th driest such period ever (since 1872).
    • Florida. In Florida, the continued lack of rain produced additional deterioration across the state. The first 100 days at Jacksonville, FL, have been the driest since 1921, and only 30 percent of normal.
    • Lake Okeechobee was below 12 feet this morning (11.97 feet, or 2.1 feet below normal), and now falling at 0.2 to 0.3 feet per week. Numerous wild fires have occurred throughout the state as the fire index is now over 700 in south-central Florida.
  • Midwest.
    • Little or no precipitation fell over the drought areas of the upper Midwest and adjacent northern Plains. Although temperature anomalies decreased from previous weeks, readings still averaged 6 to 12 ºF above normal.
    • According to the USDA, percent topsoil and subsoil moisture rated very short or short was: Illinois (46/47), Minnesota (60/68), and Iowa (78/85).
    • Canton Lake in Fulton County, IL, was 5 feet below full pool.
  • The Plains:
    • A scattering of moderate (0.5 to 1.5 inches) to heavy (1.5 to 4 inches) rains fell on parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, eastern Colorado, and southern Nebraska, but from central Nebraska into the Dakotas, little or no rain was measured.
    • In the northern Plains, however, another dry and mild week further depleted soil moisture as accumulated short-term deficiencies slowly increased. Based upon the 60-, 90-, and 120-day anomalies, D0 expanded in central South Dakota while D1 spread into north-central and southwestern South Dakota and western Nebraska.
  • The West:
    • Light to moderate precipitation (0.5 to 2 inches) was confined from northern California and the northern Sierra Nevada northward into the Pacific Northwest and northern Rockies. Little or no precipitation fell on central and southern California, the Great Basin, and the Southwest. Temperatures averaged below normal in western areas, slightly above normal in far eastern sections.
  • Hawaii:
    • In Hawaii, some windward locations on Maui and the Big Island received 2 to 4 inches of rain, but much less fell on leeward sides. Fortunately, most of the islands (except the Big Island) received surplus March rainfall, easing any further deterioration there. On the Big Island, however, many northern and leeward locations have reported less than 25 percent of normal rainfall since January 1. Kona coffee growers indicated that leaves are starting to shrivel on their trees and berries are starting to fall.
    • Author: David Miskus, Climate Prediction Center/NCEP/NWS/NOAA

Recent Global Drought Links

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

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State of Emergency Declared in Washington

Posted by feww on January 20, 2012

Washington declares a state of emergency amid deadly ice storm

A deadly ice storm swept across the U.S. Pacific Northwest (PNW) following record snowfalls.

Disaster Calendar 2012 – January 20

[January 20, 2012]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,517 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

  • Washington, USA.    Washington’s governor declared a state of emergency following the deadly “Snowmageddon” and ice storm, which swept across PNW killing at least 2 people and cutting power to hundreds of thousands of people in the region.
    • At Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, a new daily snowfall record of 6.8 inches was set, shattering the previous record of 2.9 inches set in 1954, reports said.
    • “Authorities called for voluntary evacuations of the town of Mapleton, Oregon, which has about 1,000 residents, and some nearby areas because expected flooding,” a report said.

U.S. Weather Warnings Map. Source: NWS

U.S. Composite Satellite Image  (Source: SSEC/Wisc-Uni)

Other Global Disasters

  • Nevada, USA. Gov. Brian Sandoval has declared a state of emergency after a massive wildfire, fanned by 82-mph winds, burnt thousands of acres near Reno, killing at least 1 person, destroying more than 2 dozen homes and forcing the authorities to evacuate over 10,000 people.
  • Oregon, USA.Extensive flooding has forced the Governor to  declare a state of emergency in Marion, Coos, Benton, and Lincoln counties.
    • More counties will likely be added as conditions worsen, he said.
    • The city of Salem has activated its Emergency Operations Center due to flooding.
    • The combined impact of snowmelt and torrential rains have flooded communities across Oregon.
    • “The return of severe winter weather has overwhelmed communities across our state,” the Governor said. “My priority is to ensure the safety of all Oregonians and their properties. With this emergency declaration, I have directed all available state resources to help affected counties in any way possible.”
    • Benton County, Or.Officials have declared Benton County a disaster area. “Flooding and landslides beginning January 18 in the area due to heavy rains and melting snow from a recent snow storm have created high water conditions,” the officials said in a statement. “A preliminary assessment shows damage to roads and homes and closed roads resulting in isolated areas of the county.”
      • “Rising creeks flooded much of Marion and Linn counties, including the communities of Turner and Scio, where hundreds of residents were evacuated from their homes and businesses,” said a report.
  • Hawaii.  Hawaii County in Hawaii has been declared a Primary Natural Disaster Area by USDA.
    • The disaster declaration follows losses caused by drought that occurred from January 1, 2011, and continues.
  • Tennessee, USA. USDA has declared 13 counties in Tennessee as agricultural disaster areas.
    • The disaster declaration follows losses caused by drought and excessive heat that occurred June 1 – October 20, 2011.
    • Primary Disaster Areas:  Henry and Williamson Counties.
    • Contiguous Disaster Areas: Benton, Cheatham, Dickson, Marshall, Carroll, Davidson, Hickman, Maury, Rutherford, Stewart and Weakley counties
  • Kentucky, USA.The following counties in the neighboring state of Kentucky were also added to the disaster list because they’re contiguous.
    • Calloway and Graves counties.
  • Tennessee, USA.  Seven counties in Tennessee have been declared agricultural Disaster areas due to losses caused by excessive rain, high winds, hail and flooding that occurred June 21 – December 5, 2011.
    • Primary Disaster Areas:  Claiborne and Union counties.
    • Contiguous Disaster Areas: Anderson, Campbell, Grainger, Hancock and Knox counties.
  • Kentucky, USA. The following counties in the neighboring state of Kentucky were also added to the disaster list because they’re contiguous: Not Specified.
  • Virginia, USA. The following counties in the neighboring state of Virginia were also added to the disaster list because they’re contiguous: Lee County.
  • Mozambique. Flooding in Mozambique has left at least 5 people dead and made hundreds of others homeless.
    • Tropical depression DANDO, the first to strike Southern Mozambique in nearly 30 years, brought heavy rain and strong winds with gusts of up to 120km, dumping more than 250mm of precipitation over much of the south.
    • The winds and flooding have damaged thousands of homes schools and businesses in Gaza Province, and hundreds more in the capital Maputo.
    • Hundreds of people have lost their home and thousands more have been evacuated.
    • The Mozambican authorities have issued a Red Alert for the southern part of the country, which covers the capital Maputo, Matola city, Many districts in Maputo province, and the coastal areas in Gaza and Inhambane provinces, the National Meteorological Institute (INAM) said.
  • USA. Violent sex crimes committed by active U.S. Army soldiers have nearly doubled in the past five years, according to a US Army report.
    • The crimes are blamed, in part, on the trauma of war.
    • Of the 2,811 violent felonies reported in 2011, about a half were violent felony sex crimes, and most were committed in the United States.
    • List of the top five violent felony offenses committed by soldiers in 2011:
      1. Aggravated assault
      2. Rape
      3. Aggravated sexual assault
      4. Forcible sodomy
      5. Child pornography.
    • “One violent sex crime was committed by a soldier every six hours and 40 minutes in 2011.”

Billion-dollar disasters of 2011 [Updated]

Extreme drought, heat waves, floods, unprecedented tornado outbreaks, hurricanes, wildfires and winter storms set  a record 14 weather and climate disasters in 2011 each causing  at least $1 billion in damages.

  1. Groundhog Day blizzard (January 29-February 3, 2011)
  2. Tornadoes  in Midwest/Southeast (April 4-5, 2011)
  3. Tornadoes in Southeast/Midwest  (April 8-11, 2011)
  4. Tornadoes in Midwest/Southeast (April 14-16, 2011)
  5. Tornadoes in Southeast/Ohio Valley/Midwest (April 25-28, 2011)
  6. Tornadoes in Midwest/Southeast (May 22-27, 2011)
  7. Tornadoes and severe weather in Midwest/Southeast (June 18-22, 2011)
  8. Drought and Heatwave in Southern Plains/Southwest (Spring-Fall, 2011)
  9. Mississippi River flooding (Spring-Summer, 2011)
  10. Severe weather in the Rockies and Midwest (July 10-14, 2011)  added Jan. 19, 2012
  11. Flooding in the Upper Midwest (Summer 2011)
  12. Hurricane Irene (August 20-29, 2011)
  13. Wildfires in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona  (Spring-Fall 2011)
  14. Tropical Storm Lee (Early September, 2011)  added Jan. 19, 2012)

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

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