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Posts Tagged ‘Indian Point’

Contaminated Water: State of Emergency Declared in Newburgh, NY

Posted by feww on May 3, 2016

Global Pollution: The Lingering Legacy of PFOS

City officials in Newburgh [pop: 30,000] located about 100km north of New York City on the Hudson River, have declared a state of emergency after detecting elevated levels of Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid, or perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), a chemical found in stain repellents.

In 2002, a study by the Environmental Directorate of the OECD classified PFOS as a “persistent, bioaccumulative” that is “toxic to mammalian species.”

PFOS, an exceptionally stable compound in the environment, was the key ingredient in Scotchgard, a fabric protector made by 3M, and numerous stain repellents.

The following are excerpts from DISCOVERY AND INVESTIGATION OF PFOS/PFCs CONTAMINATION FROM A PFC MANUFACTURING FACILITY IN MINNESOTA–ENVIRONMENTAL RELEASES AND EXPOSURE RISKS:

The 3M Company was the primary global producer of PFOS – related PFCs, producing millions of pounds annually at its plants in the United States and Europe. In 2000 3M produced 7.33 million pounds at its plants in the United States and Europe. 3M also produced PFOA at its Cottage Grove plant until the end of 2002 when it terminated production of PFOA and PFOS – related compounds. The production or use of other PFC – related compounds (“4 carbon PFCs”) continues today. In addition to residual or by-product releases during production, PFOS , PFOA and other PFXA are the ultimate breakdown products of a range of perfluorochemical. Significant amounts of wastes, residuals, and sludges were generated in production of PFCs and PFC containing products. An assessment from Minnesota Pollution Control Agency revealed that PFC wastes from the 3M production plant in Cottage Grove, Minnesota/USA had been deposited to a large extent in selected landfills and on the production plant property.  http://www.dioxin20xx.org/pdfs/2010/10-1507.pdf

Highly soluble in water,  PFCs are easily mobilized and released from municipal landfills, according to the study.

From a landfill perspective , this study illustrates that PFCs deposited and released at landfills and a former production site are highly mobile and subject the wider environment to PFC contamination . Substance flows from landfills to leachates to wastewater plants and river , from landfills to groundwater , from landfill gases to atmosphere, or from contaminated ground water sprayed to the atmosphere, reveals multiple pathways in how deposited PFCs at landfills may end up in surface waters and fish , or perhaps in soil s possibly posing contamination to vegetables. Human exposure and risk assessment s around such contaminated sites to include all exposure pathways including fish consumption, drinking water, soil ingestion, fruit and vegetable consumption , and possibly – with respect to any landfill gas emissions – intake via inhalation near those sites, should be performed to assure adequate safeguards . Minority groups , where applicable, and who may have greater vulnerability of exposure due to their lifestyle and cultural attributes , should be considered.

Currently, the most important emission sources of PFOS are fire-fighting foams, metal plating and the semiconductor industry.

Animal studies have shown PFOS to cause cancer, neonatal mortality, endocrine disruption, delays in physical development and stunted growth. [Sounds familiar?]

Highest levels of PFOS have been detected in animal liver, plasma, egg and muscle throughout multiple global hotspots including Michigan (the highest concentration of about 60,000 ppb in mink’s liver); Minnesota; Mississippi River; Hudson Bay, Canada; Midwestern US; northern Quebec, Canada; California; North Carolina; Denmark; Tokyo Bay [aka “Sewage Bay,”] Japan; Charleston, South Carolina; Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Sea, Italy.

Meanwhile, a blog reader in NY has brought the following to our attention:

“What if  the AIM pipeline had ruptured near Indian Point?”

“Spectra Energy’s dangerous high pressure AIM gas pipeline is currently under construction only 105 feet from critical infrastructure at the Indian Point nuclear power plant.  Nuclear and pipeline safety experts have repeatedly warned that a pipeline rupture adjacent to Indian Point could result in a nuclear catastrophe similar to or worse than the Fukushima nuclear disaster and threatens more than 20 million people who live within a 50 mile radius in the New York tri-state region.  The pipeline poses a serious threat whether Indian Point is open or shut and decommissioned with 40 years of radioactive spent fuel remaining on site.  A comprehensive, independent risk assessment was never conducted.”

“On Friday Spectra Energy’s Texas Eastern Pipeline ruptured in Salem, PA. It was the SECOND rupture of that pipeline in less than a year.

“What would have happened if it was the AIM pipeline that had ruptured near Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant?” https://sape2016.org/

 

 

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Indian Point Nuke Plant Going Gone?

Posted by feww on April 6, 2010

Serial No  1,540. If any posts are blocked in your country, please drop us a line.

NY State Denies Key Permit to Entergy Corp for its Indian Point Nuke Plant

Entergy Corp has been denied a request for a water-quality certification for its Indian Point nuclear power plant in New York, without which it cannot operate the  plant.


Indian Point nuclear plant seen from across the Hudson River.

Indian Point Energy Center (IPEC) is a three-unit nuclear power plant (unit one was shut down in 1974) located in Buchanan, New York.  The plant is situated on the east bank of the Hudson River, 50km (31 miles) north of Manhattan. Owned and operated by Entergy Corp, the plant provides about a third of electricity for the New York metro area.

The state regulators said that the plant’s cooling systems “do not and will not comply with existing New York State water quality standards.” The denial took into account a proposal for modification made by Entergy.

The ruling said Indian Point’s two operating units consume about 3.5 trillion liters (915 billion  gallons) of water each year destroying 1 billion fish and fish eggs, including the endangered shortnose sturgeon, thus violating state laws and the federal Clean Water Act.


An endangered species, the shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum) is a small North American sturgeon which live  in about a dozen or so large river and estuary systems along the North American Atlantic seaboard. They spawn in fresh water, making Hudson River an ideal habitat, where the largest adult population of about 30 – 40,000 are found.  “Sucked in with enormous volumes of water, battered against the sides of pipes and heated by steam, the small fry of the aquatic world are being sacrificed in large numbers each year to the cooling systems of power plants around the country.”

The president of environmental group Riverkeeper, Alex Matthiessen, said the ruling was a turning point in efforts to stop Indian Point’s “environmental assault on the Hudson River and force the plant’s early retirement due to the risks its continued operation poses to public health and safety.” Reuters reported.

“We’re disappointed in the notice of denial, but we expect to have an opportunity to convince the DEC it made a mistake,” Entergy spokesman Jim Steets said, adding that  the company has 30 days to request a public hearing, and that it will appeal the decision by the Department of Environmental Conservation.

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Posted in Clean Water Act, Hudson River, New York metro area, Ny electricity, shortnose sturgeon | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »