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Earth is fighting to stay alive – mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin in 2016

Posts Tagged ‘Indonesia’

Volcano Watch – May 22, 2016

Posted by feww on May 22, 2016

How Many Volcanoes Firing?

New eruptions, ongoing activity, unrest and abnormalities reported in at least 66 volcanoes globally over the last seven days…

Latest Global Volcanic Activity

  • Awu Sangihe Islands (Indonesia)
  • Etna Sicily (Italy)
  • Fuego (Guatemala)
  • Ruapehu North Island (New Zealand)
  • Santa Maria – Santiaguito Dome Complex (Guatemala)
  • Sinabung – North Sumatra (Indonesia)


Map of Volcanoes.
Background Map: University of Michigan. Designed and enhanced by Fire Earth Blog. Click image to enlarge.

Cleveland Volcano


Landsat-8 data from 15 May 2015 at 22:17 UTC (2:17 PM AKDT) show robust steaming and high temperatures in Cleveland Volcano’s summit crater (in the shortwave IR), indicating continued unrest. The high-temperature feature is visible in this image as a red pixel. Robust steaming observed extending to the west and seen as a shadow on the lower meteorological cloud deck. Shortwave IR has very little reflectance from snow, which is why Cleveland appears blue.  Photographer/Creator: D. Schneider – URL: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/images/image.php?id=95451


Landsat-8 true color composite from Cleveland Volcano,15 May 2016, 22:17 UTC (2:17 pm AKDT), sharpened with panchromatic data. Robust steaming observed extending to the west and seen as a shadow on the lower meteorological cloud deck. Photographer/Creator: D. Schneider http://www.avo.alaska.edu/images/image.php?id=95461

Ongoing Activity

  • Aira Kyushu (Japan)
  • Alaid Kuril Islands (Russia)
  • Chirpoi Kuril Islands (Russia)
  • Cleveland Chuginadak Island (USA)
  • Colima Mexico
  • Cotopaxi Ecuador
  • Dukono Halmahera (Indonesia)
  • Kilauea Hawaiian Islands (USA)
  • Klyuchevskoy C. Kamchatka (Russia)
  • Kuchinoerabujima  Kyushu (Japan)
  • Langila New Britian (PNG)
  • Masaya Nicaragua
  • Nevado del Ruiz Colombia
  • Pavlof  Alaska (USA)
  • Sangay Ecuador
  • Sheveluch C. Kamchatka (Russia)
  • Sinabung Indonesia
  • Telica Nicaragua
  • Turrialba Costa Rica

Current Status of Indonesian Volcanoes [Badan Geologi]

Indonesian volcanoes status

Orange Alerts

  • Nishinoshima  Japan region
  • Fukutoku-Oka-no-Ba  Japan region
  • Sakurajima Kyushu (Japan)

Yellow Alerts

  • Asamayama  Japan
  • Aso Kyushu (Japan)
  • Bezymianny  Kamchatka (Russia)
  • Copahue Chile
  • Karymsky  Kamchatka (Russia)
  • Kirishimayama (Shinmoedake) Kyushu (Japan)
  • Kusatsu-Shirane  Japan
  • Mauna Loa Hawaii
  • Ontake  Japan
  • Planchón-Peteroa Volcanic Complex  Chile
  • Snow Kuril Islands  (Russia)
  • Zhupanovsky Kamchatka (Russia) 

Abnormalities Observed

  • Bulusan Philippines
  • Kanlaon Philippines
  • Taal Philippines

MAUNA LOA: The largest active volcano on Earth!

HVO Weekly Update: Thursday, May 19, 2016 20:47 UTC – Seismicity remains elevated above the long-term background level, but no significant changes were recorded over the past week. Deformation related to inflation of a magma reservoir beneath the summit and upper Southwest Rift Zone continues, with inflation recently occurring mainly in the southwestern part of the magma storage complex.

BULUSAN VOLCANO BULLETIN 22 May 2016 8:00 A.M. [Source: Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, PHIVOLCS]

Bulusan Volcano’s seismic monitoring network recorded three (3) volcanic earthquakes during the past 24 hours. Weak emission of white steam plumes that crept downslope towards southwest was observed coming from the active vents. Precise leveling survey results from April 27 to May 5, 2016 indicated slight deflationary changes of the edifice relative to February 2016, consistent with the measurements from continuous GPS data as of 30 April 2016.

Alert Level 1 (abnormal) remains in effect over Bulusan Volcano. This indicates that hydrothermal processes are underway beneath the volcano that may lead to steam-driven eruptions. The local government units and the public are reminded that entry into the 4-kilometer radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) is strictly prohibited due to the possibility of sudden and hazardous steam-driven or phreatic eruptions. Civil aviation authorities must also advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano’s summit as ash from any sudden phreatic eruption can be hazardous to aircraft. Furthermore, people living within valleys and along river or stream channels especially on the southwest and northwest sector of the edifice should be vigilant against sediment-laden stream flows and lahars in the event of heavy and prolonged rainfall. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Bulusan Volcano’s condition and any new development will be relayed to all concerned.

KANLAON VOLCANO BULLETIN 22 May 2016 8:00 A.M. [PHIVOLCS]

Kanlaon Volcano’s seismic monitoring network recorded one (1) volcanic earthquake during the past 24 hours. Moderate emission of white steam plumes that rose up to 300 meters and drifted southwest and northwest was observed. Ground deformation measurements from continuous GPS data as of 30 April 2016 indicated slight inflation of the Kanlaon edifice since December 2015.

Alert Level 1 status remains in effect over Kanlaon Volcano, which means that it is currently in a state of unrest probably driven by hydrothermal processes that could generate more minor eruptions. The local government units and the public are reminded that entry into the 4-kilometer radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) is strictly prohibited due to the further possibilities of sudden and hazardous steam-driven or minor ash eruptions. Civil aviation authorities must also advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano’s summit as airborne ash from a sudden eruption can be hazardous to aircraft. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Kanlaon Volcano’s activity and any new development will be relayed to all concerned.

TAAL VOLCANO BULLETIN 22 May 2016 8:00 A.M. [PHIVOLCS]

Taal Volcano’s seismic monitoring network recorded two (2) volcanic earthquakes during the past 24 hours. Field measurements conducted on 19 May 2016 at the western sector of the Main Crater Lake yielded a slight increase in water temperature from 32.9°C to 33.0°C, a decrease in water level from 0.19 meter to 0.18 meter, and an increase in water acidity from pH 3.03 to 2.73. Precise leveling survey results from 28 March to 8 April 2016 indicated slight deflation of the edifice compared to November 2015 survey. Results from continuous GPS data as of 30 April 2016 showed deflationary trend since January 2016, however the edifice remains inflated relative to the 2014 baseline level.

Alert Level 1 remains in effect over Taal Volcano. This means that hazardous eruption is not imminent. The public, however, is reminded that the Main Crater should be strictly off-limits because sudden steam explosions may occur and high concentrations of toxic gases may accumulate. The northern portion of the Main Crater rim, in the vicinity of Daang Kastila Trail, may also become hazardous when steam emission along existing fissures suddenly increases. Furthermore, the public is also reminded that the entire Volcano Island is a Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ), and permanent settlement in the island is strongly not recommended.

Nicaragua  [INETER]

  • Telica: Intense levels of micro-seismicity and low gas emissions reported.
  • Masaya: Moderate tecto-volcanic tremors continue, representing MARS values of between 300 and 700 units. Lava lake observed in the Santiago crater.
  • Momotombo: “Low-level seismicity, with moderate gas emissions reported.  “The real-time seismic amplitude (MARS) is lower than 60 units.”
  • San Cristobal: Low-level seismicity, with moderate gas emissions observed on May 19, 2016.

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Mt Sinabung Eruption Turns Deadly

Posted by feww on May 22, 2016

RFD

Superheated pyroclastic flows roar down Sinabung flanks, killing or injuring villagers in Sumatra

At least a dozen people were killed or seriously injured after Sinabung erupted on Saturday, ejecting large clouds of smoke and ash about 3km into the air, as an avalanche of superheated pyroclastic flows descended down the mountain  inundating the village of Gamber.

The victims are thought to be local villagers farming within the 4-kilomere exclusion zone when they were consumed by pyroclastic clouds.


Mount Sinabung in North Sumatra. ANTARA PHOTO/Rony Muharrman/ (Image may be subject to copyright.)

“People and visitors/tourists are not allowed to conduct any activity within a radius of three kilometers from the mountains top. People living in the south and southeast sector are also prohibited to get as near as seven kilometers from the mountains top while those in north and northeast sectors are prohibited to get as near as four kilometers from the mountains top,” said an official at the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB), Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.

About 60,000 people have been displaced since Sinabung volcano awoke in 2013 after a period of dormancy.

Indonesia has 129 active volcanoes, of which at least 79 have erupted since the 1600s. Some 66 volcanoes are continuously monitored from 76 observatories.

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Frequency of Mt Bromo Tremors Remains High: PVMBG

Posted by feww on December 13, 2015

Bromo volcano spews smoke, ash and strong sulfurous gasses

Seismic activity of Mount Bromo in East Java is still high and the alert status remains at Level III, said head of the Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Agency (PVMBG).

“Volcanic activity of the 2,329 meter high mountain is still high and tremors are fluctuating with an increasing tendency,” he said.

“Visually the mountain could be seen clearly with clouds. The weather is fine with temperature at between 15 and 22 degrees Celsius and a soft breeze blowing.”

The volcano was spewing a column of smoke and ash to a height of up to  400 meters on Saturday.

PVMBG had issued an exclusion order for the area within 2.5 kilometer radius from the crater, earlier, urging  both the villagers and tourists to refrain from any activity within the banned area.

In addition to the hazards caused by sudden small explosions, strong sulfurous gasses were being emitted from the crater that could cause severe respiratory problems, warned PVMBG.


Bromo Volcano, marked as Tengger Caldera, is seen to the left of Tambora on the map. Tengger Caldera houses five volcanoes: Mt Bromo (2,329m), Mt Batok (2,470m), Mt Kursi (2,580m), Mt Watangan (2,660m) and Mt Widodaren (2,650m).


The Tengger massif in east Java, Indonesia, featuring Mt. Bromo (large smoking crater, ) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks surrounded by the “Sea of Sand.” Wikipedia CC license.

Malang airport, located about 70km from Mt Bromo was closed on Friday due to the eruption, said the Transportation Ministry.

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Strong Earthquake Strikes S. of Seram Island, Indonesia

Posted by feww on December 9, 2015

M6.9 quake strikes 106km SE of Amahai, Indonesia

Centered at 4.118°S, 129.478°E the event occurred at a depth of 33.9km, reported USGS/EHP.

The quake was followed by at least one notable aftershock, measuring 5.2Mw, as of posting.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 6.9Mw
Location: 4.118°S, 129.478°E; depth = 33.9km
Time: 2015-12-09 10:21:50 UTC
Distances:

  • 106km (66mi) SE of Amahai, Indonesia
  • 151km (94mi) ESE of Ambon, Indonesia
  • 401km (249mi) WNW of Tual, Indonesia
  • 408km (254mi) SSW of Sorong, Indonesia
  • 653km (406mi) NE of Dili, East Timor

[The earthquake parameters listed above may be subject to additional changes due to procedural issues at USGS/EHP.]

 

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Earthquake Cluster Strikes NW of Sabang, Indonesia

Posted by feww on November 9, 2015

M6.4, largest of 17 earthquakes, occurs 128km NW of Sabang, Indonesia

Centered at 6.846°N, 94.661°E the quake struck at a depth of 10.0km, USGS/EHP reported.

Nearby Cities

128km (80mi) NW of Sabang, Indonesia
160km (99mi) NNW of Banda Aceh, Indonesia
216km (134mi) NW of Sigli, Indonesia
254km (158mi) NW of Reuleuet, Indonesia
880km (547mi) WNW of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The cluster comprised of at least 17 shocks, as of posting, measuring 4.6Mw or greater and occuring at an an average depth of about 10km.

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Strong Quake Strikes NW Sumatra

Posted by feww on November 8, 2015

UPDATED

M6.1 quake strikes S of Medan, Indonesia

Magnitude: 6.1Mw
Location: 0.743°N 98.875°E (about 250km south of Medan, North Sumatra)
Depth: 75.1 km
Time: 2015-11-08 09:34:57 UTC
[Source: USGS/EHP]

Latest Significant Earthquakes

M 5.3 – 273km SSW of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia
Location: 48.388°N 154.768°E
Depth: 44.2 km
Time: 2015-11-08 15:40:55 UTC

M 5.7 – 114km SE of Atka, Alaska
Location: 51.500°N 172.981°W
Depth: 33.5 km
Time: 2015-11-08 11:33:16 UTC

M5.4 – 98km SE of Atka, Alaska
Location: 51.624°N 173.116°W
Depth: 47.6 km
Time: 2015-11-08 10:46:21 UTC

M5.2 – 138km NW of Sabang, Indonesia
Location: 6.880°N 94.548°E
Depth:  27.1 km
Time: 2015-11-08 10:42:04 UTC

M 5.3 – 58km ENE of Tarata, Peru
Location: 17.369°S 69.495°W
Depth: 165.0 km
Time: 2015-11-08 08:13:37 UTC

M 5.7 – 3km N of Binabalian Ricor, Philippines
Location: 16.456°N 119.927°E
Depth: 35.3 km
Time: 2015-11-07 19:40:12 UTC

M 5.3 – 1km W of Moriya, Japan
Location: 35.931°N 139.982°E
Depth: 106.1 km
Time: 2015-11-07 13:44:44 UTC

[Source: USGS/EHP]

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Volcano that Probably Caused LIA, Forces Closure of Bali Airport

Posted by feww on November 4, 2015

Latest: 692 flights cancelled, 100,000+ people stranded

Eruptions intensifying at Mt. Barujari, the volcano within a volcano

The Barujari volcano, a post-caldera cone situated within the Rinjani’s caldera lake (Segara Anak), has erupted multiple times since Tuesday morning, with the intensity of the eruptions and volcanic earthquakes increasing, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) reported.

A large eruption occurred on Wednesday at 2.45 a.m. ejecting volcanic ash to an altitude of about 4km a.s.l., moving in the southwesterly and northwesterly directions, according to a report.

The Ngurah Rai airport in Bali was closed from 7.30 p.m. on Tuesday, with a total of 692 flights cancelled, as of posting.

Flights to Australia, Singapore and Hong Kong, by carriers including Virgin Australia, Jetstar, Cathay Pacific and KLM were among those affected, with at least 100,000 passengers stranded, according to various reports.

BPBD has imposed a 3-km exclusion zone from Mt. Rinjani’s caldera.

“Little Ice Age”
According to a recent study, four massive tropical volcanic eruptions, lasting for 50 years, may have triggered the Little Ice Age between 1275 and 1300 A.D.

Mt Rinjani Volcanic Complex is believed to have produced the largest eruption in the past 7,000 years, which lead to global cooling and failed harvest, starting in 1257.

The following bulletin is the latest issued by BPBD (Internet translation) – 4 November 2015 9:27pm (sic.)

Continued eruption of Mount Rinjani, Ngurah Rai Airport Closed Again

LOMBOK – Eruption of Mount Barujari inside the caldera of Mount Rinjani, Lombok Island, NTB continues. Based on observations PVMBG Observation Post Mount Rinjani, seismicity and eruptions with higher intensity. On Wednesday (4/11) at 2:45 pm, the eruption. The distribution of ashes toward Southwestern up to the Northwest from the eruption center at a speed of 10 knots, the surface layer up to an altitude of 14,000 feet. On the morning of the eruption of reaching 3,800 meters above sea level dpal, or 1,500 m from the summit of Mount Barujari. High atop Mount Barujari 2,300 m dpal. Smoke inclines leading to the West following the direction of the wind. Eruption and amplitude at position 40 mm.

Himawari satellite observations show the volcanic ash towards the West until the Southwestern up to Banyuwangi, East Java. These conditions cause the Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar, Bali is closed again. Based on the Notice to Airman A2470 / 15, the closing force 4 November 2015 at 07:05 pm until 5 November 2015 at 07.45 pm.

Mount Rinjani is still Alert status (level II). Until now there should be no displacement. BNPB and BPBDs is coordinating contingency plan related to the eruption of Mount Rinjani. Number of people living in the area of ​​Disaster Prone (KRB. 33 700 inhabitants, the KRB I 13,800 inhabitants, KRB II 14,700 inhabitants, and KRB III 5,300 people. People are urged to remain calm. Prohibited no community activities within a radius of 3 km from the caldera of Mount Rinjani.

Mount Rinjani has two cone in the eastern part of the lake is Mount Barujari or Tenga mountain with an altitude of 2,376 m dpal, and Gunung Mas or mountain group with an altitude of 2,110 m dpal. PVMBG specify the name of the mountain at this time because of the eruption of Mount Rinjani is appropriate nomenclature of the 127 volcanoes in Indonesia. Mount Barujadi is one cone or a child of Mount Rinjani.

Sutopo Purwo Nugroho – Head of Data Information and Public Relations BNPB

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Strong Quake Strikes Near Dili, East Timor

Posted by feww on November 4, 2015

M6.3 strikes 77km WNW of Dili, East Timor

Centered at 8.353°S, 124.899°E the quake occurred at a depth of 14.3km, reported USGS/EHP.

The quake was preceded by a strong foreshock measuring 5.7Mw.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 6.3Mw
Location: 8.353°S 124.899°E depth=14.3 km (8.9 mi)
Time: 2015-11-04 03:44:15 (UTC)
Nearby Cities:

  • 77km (48mi) WNW of Dili, East Timor
  • 83km (52mi) N of Atambua, Indonesia
  • 129km (80mi) NNE of Kefamenanu, Indonesia
  • 179km (111mi) NNE of Soe, Indonesia

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Indonesia Seeks International Help to Tackle Forest Fires

Posted by feww on October 8, 2015

Smoke from land and forest fires worsens again in Pekanbaru, Riau —BMKG

Indonesia’s president has asked for international help to put out land and forest fires in Sumatra that have blanketed most of the region, leaving tens of thousands of people with respiratory illnesses.

“Smoke shrouding Pekanbaru this morning was mixed with fog, reducing the visibility to only around 50 meters after it improved to around 1,000 meters on Wednesday morning,” said The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG).

The smog has deteriorated the air quality to hazardous levels across parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and southern Thailand, forcing school closures and flight cancellations.

Pekanbaru (population: ~ 1.2 million) is the capital of Riau province, located in the central eastern coast of Sumatra along the Strait of Malacca.

BMKG Pekanbaru reported 202 hot spots, detected by satellites, across Sumatra, Bangka Belitung and Lampung as of 5.00 am local time on Thursday, said the report quoting BMKG.

The annual fires are caused by companies clearing rainforest for palm oil plantations.

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Strong Quake Strikes N of Sorong, Indonesia

Posted by feww on September 25, 2015

M6.6 earthquake strikes eastern Indonesian province of West Papua

Centered at 0.629°S, 131.255°E, the quake occurred at a depth of 24.1km, reported USGS/EHP.

EQ Detauils
Magnitude: 6.6
Location: 0.629°S 131.255°E (28km N of Sorong, West Papua, Indonesia)
Depth: 24.1 km
Time: 2015-09-24 15:53:28 UTC

Recent Significant Quakes

  • M6.0, 98km SE of Honiara, Solomon Islands 2015-09-24 15:56:57 UTC depth= 23.4km
  • M5.5, 198km W of Port Hardy, Canada 2015-09-24 13:48:58 UTC depth= 10.0km

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State of Emergency Declared in Sumatra’s Riau Province due to Smoke from Forest Fires

Posted by feww on September 15, 2015

Malaysia closes schools as blanket of smoke covers Kuala Lumpur, adjacent states

Malaysian schools have been ordered closed as a hazardous smog from Indonesian forest fires blankets the capital, multiple states and neighboring Singapore.

At least 34 of Malaysia’s 52 air quality stations were recoding  unhealthy air levels on Tuesday, according to local reports.

Meanwhile, Indonesian authorities declared a State of Emergency in Sumatra’s Riau province as hazardous levels of pollution were reported in multiple regions, including Sumatra and Borneo.

“Tens of thousands of people in smoke-choked regions of Sumatra and Borneo have fallen ill, while air travel there has also been disrupted due to poor visibility,” said a report.

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Powerful Quake Strikes New Guinea

Posted by feww on July 28, 2015

M7.0 quake strikes  W of Abepura, Indonesia

Centered at 2.683°S, 138.508°E the quake occurred at a depth of about  48.0 km (29.8 mi), USGS/EHP reported.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 7.0Mw
Location:2.683°S 138.508°E depth=48.0 km (29.8 mi)
Time: 2015-07-27 at 21:41:21 UTC
Nearby Cities:

  • 230km (143mi) W of Abepura, Indonesia
  • 244km (152mi) W of Jayapura, Indonesia
  • 310km (193mi) W of Vanimo, Papua New Guinea
  • 344km (214mi) ENE of Nabire, Indonesia

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Volcanic Ash Forces Closure of Five Indonesian Airports

Posted by feww on July 10, 2015

Volcanic eruption forces closure of five airports in Indonesia

Continued eruptions at Mount Raung in East Java has forced the authorities to shut down five airports in Indonesia, after volcanic ash disrupted many flights between Bali and Australia for a second day. Flight cancellations have since stranded thousands of traveler.

Increased activity was first detected at the volcano on June 24, 2015. The volcano began to eject volcanic matter on June 29, creating an ash cloud that led to warnings being issued to residents within a 3-km radius of the caldera, and flight disruptions in and out of Bali.

The five airports that are currently closed are:

  • Denpasar International Airport in Bali (Ngurah Rai International Airport)
  • The International Airport in Lombok
  • Selaparang Airport (Lombo)
  • Blimbingsari Airport in Banyuwangi (Java)
  • Notohadinegoro Airport  (Jember, East Java)

Mt. Raung
The 3,333-meter volcano, one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes, is a massive stratovolcano located in the province of East Java, and has a 2-km-wide and 500-metre-deep caldera. Ruang is about 140km northwest of Bali’s Denpasar airport.

Continued Eruptions

Local Volcanologists say the ash eruptions could last for several weeks, possibly longer. In that case tens of thousands of residents in East Java and neighboring islands may have to be evacuated. [See also earlier blog entries on Impact of Indonesian volcanic eruption s on Singapore.]

Volcanology of Java

Made up almost entirely of volcanic eruptions, the island of Java contains dozens of volcanoes including at least 45 that are considered to be “active” volcanoes.

Related Links

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Mt. Raung Eruptions Force Flight Cancellations

Posted by feww on July 3, 2015

Volcanic ash from Mt. Raung forces flight cancellation to and from Bali

Eruptions at Mt. Raung have prompted the authorities to raise the volcanic alert from Level 2 to Level 3. The volcano has been ejecting volcanic matter into the air since Sunday, said the Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation Center (PVMBG).

Increased activity was detected at the volcano on June 24, 2015. The volcano began to eject volcanic matter on June 29, creating an ash cloud that led to warnings being issued to residents within a 3-km radius of the caldera, and flight disruptions in and out of Bali.

“The Jember Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) in East Java said on Monday that the 3,333-meter Mount Raung had discharged molten lava on Sunday evening, confirming the authorities’ recent decision to increase the volcano’s alert status, said a report.

More than 2,000 residents in “two districts in Bondowoso lie within Mt. Raung’s potentially Disaster Prone Area (KRB),” and may have to be evacuated in the event of a major eruption.

Mt. Raung
The 3,333-meter volcano, one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes, is a massive stratovolcano located in the province of East Java, and has a 2-km-wide and 500-metre-deep caldera.

Ruang is about 140km northwest of Bali’s Denpasar airport.

Volcanology of Java

Made up almost entirely of volcanic eruptions, the island of Java contains dozens of volcanoes including at least 45 that are considered to be “active” volcanoes.

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‘Airmageddon’ in Indonesia

Posted by feww on June 30, 2015

Military plane crashes in Medan, Indonesia, killing scores of people

All 113 people on board an Indonesian military transport plane that crashed Tuesday in a major city on the Indonesian island of Sumatra are believed to have been killed, according to the country’s air force chief.

The Hercules C-130 crashed into two houses and a hotel before bursting into flames in a residential area of Medan city [metro pop: ~ 5 million,] according to the chief.

The number of casualties on the ground has not yet been established.

Medan is the capital of the North Sumatra province, and is the fourth largest city in Indonesia.

Mandala Airlines Flight 091

On 5 September 2005, Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashed into a populated area of Medan shortly after take-off from the city’s airport, killing 149, including 49 people on the ground. Additionally, some of the 17 people on board the plane who survived the crash, and 26 others on the ground who were injured, are believed to have since died as a result of their injuries.

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Explosions at Two Indonesian Volcanoes Force Mass Evacuations

Posted by feww on June 7, 2015

UPDATED

Mt Sinabung and Mt Karangetang erupt, forcing thousands of evacuations

The volume of lava in Mt. Sinabung’s crater has increased to more than 3 million cubic meters and the volcano is in unstable condition, reported PVMBG.

Up to 3,000 residents living within a 7-km radius of Mt. Sinabung, to the south and southeast of the volcano, have been evacuated according to the Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG).

Mt. Sinabung’s alert level was raised to the highest level “AWAS,” last week.

The volcano has been ejecting large plumes of volcanic matter since last week, and observers have reported pyroclastic flows cascading down the sides of the mountain.

The 2,460-m high volcano, created by the subduction of the Indo-Australian Plate under the Eurasian Plate, is located in the Karo plateau of Karo Regency, North Sumatra, about 40km from the Lake Toba supervolcano.

Sinabung has four volcanic craters, but only one of them is active currently.


Approximate location of Sinabung is marked  on the map by FEWW. Mount Sinabung is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes

Meantime, activity continues at Mt. Karangetang, which is located in the district of Sitaro, North Sulawesi, forcing the evacuation of 339 people (106 families).

The “twin-peaked” Mt Karangetang (“Api Siau”), also one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia, is located on the north side of Siau Island [pop: 43,000] North Sulawesi, in the Celebes Sea.

About 200 million Indonesians, or more than thee-quarters of the population, live within 100-km radius of one or more volcanoes that have become restive at least once during the past 100 years, according to researchers.

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Powerful Quake Strikes PNG

Posted by feww on March 30, 2015

M7.5 quake rattles New Ireland Region

Centered at 4.760°S, 152.556°E the quake occurred  at a depth of depth of 40.0 km, USGE/EHP reported.

Tsunami Evaluation
Based on the preliminary earthquake parameters, hazardous tsunami waves are possible for coasts located within 1,000 km of the earthquake epicenter, said PTWC in its initial evaluation.

The hazard regions include Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Solomon Islands.

However, the tsunami threat had largely passed, as of posting.

TSUNAMI OBSERVATIONS
--------------------
  * THE FOLLOWING ARE TSUNAMI WAVE OBSERVATIONS FROM COASTAL
    AND/OR DEEP-OCEAN SEA LEVEL GAUGES AT THE INDICATED LOCATIONS.
    THE MAXIMUM TSUNAMI HEIGHT IS MEASURED WITH RESPECT TO THE
    NORMAL TIDE LEVEL.
                            GAUGE      TIME OF   MAXIMUM     WAVE
                         COORDINATES   MEASURE   TSUNAMI   PERIOD
    GAUGE LOCATION        LAT   LON     (UTC)     HEIGHT    (MIN)
    -------------------------------------------------------------
    TAREKUKURE WHARF SB   6.7S 156.4E    0159   0.03M/ 0.1FT  32

NOTE TIDE GAUGE AT TAREKUKURE WHARF IS 450 KM FROM THE EPICENTER.

Earthquake Details
Magnitude: 7.5Mw (USGS/EHP)
Time: 2015-03-29 23:48:31 UTC
Location: 4.760°S, 152.556°E
Depth: 40.0 km

Distances:

  • 55km (34mi) SE of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
  • 787km (489mi) NE of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Aftershocks: The main event was followed by at least 3 significant aftershocks as of posting.

  • M4.8; 56km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 01:51:26 UTC 53.8 km
  • M5.0; 78km SSW of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 00:43:13 UTC 35.0 km
  • M5.7; 91km SSW of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 00:15:30 UTC 35.0 km

Other recent significant quakes

  • M4.7; 94km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea 2015-03-30 02:23:21 UTC 35.0 km
  • M5.0; 144km W of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia 2015-03-30 02:12:47 UTC 54.4 km
  • M4.7; Kuril Islands 2015-03-30 02:05:12 UTC 45.5 km
  • M4.8; 25km S of Garcia Hernandez, Philippines 2015-03-30 01:47:57 UTC 35.0 km
  • M5.4; 29km NW of Qimeng, China 2015-03-30 01:47:35 UTC 14.6 km
  • M4.9; 158km NNE of Bitung, Indonesia 2015-03-29 14:35:38 UTC 81.4 km
  • M5.6; 139km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia 2015-03-29 07:50:53 UTC 38.5 km
  • M5.8; 40km WSW of Tilamuta, Indonesia 2015-03-28 22:28:51 UTC 123.9 km
  • M5.6; 49km NE of Calama, Chile 2015-03-28 16:36:54 UTC 112.0 km

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Strong Earthquake Rattles Siberut Island, Indonesia

Posted by feww on March 3, 2015

M6.4 quake strikes offshore Sumatra

Centered at 0.767°S, 98.708°E the quake occurred at a depth of 37.6 km, said USGS/EHP.

There were no reports of casualties or damage, as of posting.

EQ Details
Magnitude: 6.4Mw
Event Time: 2015-03-03 at 10:37:31 (UTC)
Nearby Cities:

  • 50km (31mi) NW of Sikabaluan, Indonesia
  • 158km (98mi) W of Pariaman, Indonesia
  • 184km (114mi) W of Padang, Indonesia
  • 191km (119mi) WSW of Bukittinggi, Indonesia

Tsunami Evaluation: This quake has not generated a destructive tsunami. NO tsunami Warnings, Advisories or Watches are currently in effect.

Siberut (population: ~ 3,550) is the largest of the Mentawai Islands, located in the Indian Ocean about 150km west of Sumatra. About 90 percent of the population are the native Mentawai.

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M7.0 Quake Strikes N of Nebe, Indonesia

Posted by feww on February 27, 2015

Earthquake occurs deep beneath Flores  Sea 

Centered at 7.28°S, 122.53°E the event occurred at a depth of 547.0km, said USGS/EHP.

Tsunami Evaluation: NO tsunami threat due to the depth of this event.

EQ Details
Magnitude: 7.0Mw
Location: 7.277°S 122.534°E depth=547.0 km
Time: 2015-02-27 13:45:05 (UTC)
Nearby Cities:

  • 132km (82mi) N of Nebe, Indonesia
  • 152km (94mi) NNE of Maumere, Indonesia
  • 198km (123mi) NNE of Ende, Indonesia
  • 200km (124mi) S of Baubau, Indonesia
  • 363km (226mi) WNW of Dili, East Timor

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State of Emergency Declared in East Java

Posted by feww on January 26, 2015

Outbreak of dengue fever kills dozens across 38 areas in East Java

Authorities in East Java have declared a state of emergency [“an extraordinary situation (KLB) status”] due to an outbreak of dengue fever, which has sickened at least 1,054 people, killing 25 across 38 regencies and cities, said a report.

The state of emergency covers 11 regions in the province including the regencies of Jombang, Banyuwangi, Probolinggo, Kediri, Sumenep, Pamekasan, Nganjuk, Trenggalek, Mojokerto and Madiun as well as Madiun city, said the report.

“Data from the provincial administration show that most cases of dengue fever in the province were recorded in January or December. Of the more than 26,000 cases of dengue fever in 2010, for example, some 5,500 occurred in January,” the report said.

“Similarly, of the nearly 5,500 cases in 2011, more than 1,000 occurred in January, while of the more than 8,000 cases recorded in 2012, more than 1,000 occurred in December.”

East Java, Indonesia’s second most populated province [pop: ~ 40million,] is located on eastern part of island of Java, covering an area of 47,800 km², which is administratively divided into 29 regencies and 9 cities.

Global Impact: Up to 100 million infections reported annually

The incidences of dengue fever infection continue growing globally, especially since 2009, putting at least half of the world’s population at risk.

“In the past few years, there has been a very significant increase of dengue fever infection in tropical areas such as Asia, Africa, and Latin America, including Brazil, which constitutes a tremendous public health challenge. It is estimated that 2 to 5 billion people are under risk of acquiring the infection worldwide, with 50 to 100 million infections reported annually, and approximately 500,000 hospital admissions. Death numbers associated with dengue are difficult to estimate,” said a report.

Aedes aegypti, aka the yellow fever mosquito, is a vector for transmitting several tropical disease viruses including dengue fever, Chikungunya (CHIKV) and yellow fever.


This 2006 photograph depicts a female Aedes aegypti mosquito as she acquires  a blood meal from her human host, the biomedical photographer, James Gathany, at the Centers for Disease Control.  Dengue fever is caused by four virus strains spread by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. (Photo Credit: James Gathany/University of Notre Dame).

Fatal Staphylococcal Infection following Classic Dengue Fever

“Dengue represents an important public health issue in many tropical areas, leading to high morbidity and the employment of substantial health resources. Even though the number of fatalities related to dengue is unknown, several reports warn about the potential occurrence of severe infections and even death. The clinical spectrum of dengue is highly variable, ranging from a mild flu-like syndrome to severe disease, with shock and hemorrhage. The occurrence of bacterial superinfection, or coinfection, in patients with dengue has been noted by some authors, but the available information comes from anecdotic reports. In this study, we show the clinical and anatomopathological data of a patient infected with dengue, who subsequently died of acute multi-organic failure related to Staphylococcus aureus infection. The autopsy revealed a severe disseminated staphylococcal disease and confirmed dengue infection.”

Related Links

 

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Global Disasters/ Significant Events – December 30, 2014

Posted by feww on December 30, 2014

Flight QZ8501 debris found by Indonesian rescuers

FOUR bodies have been recovered from Java Sea off the Indonesian part of Borneo in the search for missing AirAsia Flight QZ8501, the Indonesian government announced.

The Airbus A320-200, with 162 people on board, flying from Surabaya in Indonesia to Singapore, disappeared on Sunday.

250,000 People flee their homes in Malaysia’s “worst ever” flooding

Malaysia’s worst ever flooding has forced about a quarter of a million people from their homes, authorities said.

The floods have killed at least two dozen people and destroyed or damaged scores of homes across the northeast.

Thailand

In neighboring Thailand, floods have killed at least eighteen people and displaced thousands of others. Five southern provinces remain submerged…

Philippines

Dozens of people have been killed, injured or reported missing after Tropical Storm JANGMI (local name “SENIANG”) hit central Philippines.

About 100,000 people (more than 20,000 families) have been affected in regions VII, X, XI and CARAGA, NDRRMC reported.

The disasters were caused by floods/ flash floods, landslides/ mudslides and maritime incidents.

NDRRMC Update – SitRep No. 5 – Effects of Tropical Storm “SENIANG” –
December 30, 2014, 6:00PM

JANGMI disasters
Source: NDRRMC

United States

The National Weather Service (NWS) has issued dozens of Warnings, Watches and Advisories as cold, arctic air continues to spread across the Upper Midwest and northern and central Plains through Tuesday, plunging temperatures as much as 30 degrees (F) below normal.

National High and Low Temperature for the contiguous United States

Low Temperature for Tuesday, December 30, 2014

  • -34ºC (-29ºF) at Pinedale, WY

High Temperature for Monday, December 29, 2014

  • 29.4ºC (85ºF) at Vero Beach, FL

Issued 7 am EST Tuesday, December 30, 2014 by NWS Weather Prediction Center, College Park, MD

Temperature spread (calculated by FIRE-EARTH) = 63.4°C (114°F)

Kilauea Volcano
The average emission rate of sulfur dioxide ranged between 5,500 and 7,700 tonnes/day for the week ending on December 23 (HVO).

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Strong Quake Strikes Northern Molucca Sea

Posted by feww on December 21, 2014

GEOPHYSICAL HAZARDS
HEIGHTENED INDONESIA REGION SEISMICITY
SCENARIOS: 704, 703,  700, [500,] 09, 08, 07, 02
.

M6.6 Quake Occurs in Indonesia Region

Centered at 2.126°N, 126.651°E the quake occurred at a depth of 54.6km (34.0mi), said USGS/EHP.

The quake did not generate a significant tsunami wave.

EQ Details
Magnitude: 6.6Mw
Event Time: 2014-12-21 11:34:14 UTC
Location: 2.126°N 126.651°E depth=54.6km (34.0mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 157km (98mi) WNW of Tobelo, Indonesia
  • 168km (104mi) NNW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
  • 168km (104mi) NNW of Ternate, Indonesia
  • 179km (111mi) ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
  • 1042km (647mi) WSW of Koror Town, Palau

[Source: USGS/EHP]


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecast

For detailed FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts tune into Fire-Earth Reports  daily @ 06:32UTC.


 

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Deadly Landslide Buries Indonesian Village

Posted by feww on December 13, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
DEADLY LANDSLIDE
LOSS OF HABITAT
MASS DISPLACEMENT
SCENARIOS  900, 888, 444, 111, 071, 047, 027, 022, 09, 02
.

Landslide kills or injures dozens, leaves scores missing

A major landslide buried a village in central Java, Indonesia, killing or injuring dozens of people, leaving score of of others missing and forcing hundreds to evacuate the area.

At least 17 corpses have so far been recovered. The rescuers  found 15 victims alive, 11 of whom have been seriously injured. Scores of others are reportedly missing after Friday’s landslide which occurred after an extreme rain event pounded Banjarnegara district in central Java, said officials.

 

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Significant Quakes – December 8, 2014

Posted by feww on December 8, 2014

HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
SEISMIC HAZARDS
SCENARIOS: 704, 703, 700, [500,] 09, 08, 07, 02
.

M6.6 Strikes Near Punta de Burica, Panama

Centered at 7.969°N, 82.694°W the quake occurred at a depth of 20.0km (12.4mi), reported USGS/EHP.

FIRE-EARTH models show continued significant seismicity in the Caribbean plate and the four surrounding plates—North America, South America, Nazca, and Cocos.


IMPORTANT NOTICE: FIRE-EARTH EQ Forecast

For detailed FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecasts tune into Fire-Earth Reports  daily @ 06:32UTC.


EQ Details
Magnitude: 6.6Mw
Event Time: 2014-12-08 08:54:52 UTC
Location: 7.969°N 82.694°W depth=20.0km (12.4mi)
Nearby Cities

  • 20km (12mi) ESE of Punta de Burica, Panama
  • 39km (24mi) SSE of Puerto Armuelles, Panama
  • 52km (32mi) SSW of Pedregal, Panama
  • 58km (36mi) SSW of David, Panama
  • 265km (165mi) SE of San Jose, Costa Rica

Tsunami Evaluation
This quake did NOT generate a destructive tsunami.

Other Significant Seismicity

M 5.5 – 228km WNW of Abepura, Indonesia
Time: 2014-12-08 @ 12:51:26 UTC
Location: 1.794°S 138.705°E
Depth: 38.3km

M 5.6 – 139km ESE of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia
Time: 2014-12-08 @ 09:52:04 UTC
Location: 50.365°N 158.028°E
Depth: 45.3km

M 5.8 – 53km SSW of Nueva Concepcion, Guatemala
Time: 2014-12-07 @ 21:16:37 UTC
Location: 13.732°N 91.437°W
Depth: 32.9km

Related Links

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Disasters in Asia and the Pacific This Week

Posted by feww on December 2, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
EXTREME RAIN EVENTS
WIDESPREAD FLOODING
CROP DISASTERS
MAIN SCENARIOS: 900, 888, [500,] 477, 444, 117, 066, 047, 027, 025, 023, 022, 012, 011, 09, 02
.

Philippines: Tropical Depression SINLAKU Impacts Regions IV-V, VI, VII, X, XI and CARAGA

  • About 80,000 people were affected
  • More than a dozen dead or missing
  • 330 Houses destroyed
  • 2,660 Homes damaged
  • Various crops destroyed

Indonesia: Continued flooding affected multiple Provinces

Flooding continued across Indonesia affecting tens of thousands of people acros Aceh, Banten, Central Sulawesi, West Java and West Sumatra Provinces.

Floods triggered 17 landslides across North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Central Java, West Java and East Kalimantan Provinces, killing at least five people, leaving hundreds of others displaced and damaging/ inundation  thousands of houses.

Viet Nam

Tropical Depression SINLAKU strengthened over the South China Seas bringing heavy rains, high winds and widespread flooding to the east-coast provinces of Binh Dinh and Phu Yen.

Preliminary dame reports indicate:

  • 4,000 hectares of agricultural crops destroyed
  • Hundreds of homes destroyed or damaged
  • About 1,800 households evacuated

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