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Posts Tagged ‘International Court of Justice’

Japan’s Whaling Sickness Reemerges

Posted by feww on April 9, 2016

Japan starts new whaling round

Japanese whalers have started an eight-week whaling expedition to massacre more than four dozen minke whales in coastal waters off the northeast of the country despite ICJ Ruling and long-standing international objection, AAP reported.

A fleet of four whaling ships left Ayukawa port in Ishinomaki city, about 340km northeast of Tokyo, the report said.

The Association for Community-Based Whaling, a nonprofit group for what they call coastal research whaling, plans to hunt in an 80km radius from the port.

In March 2014, the International Court of Justice ruled that Japan’s research whaling program in the Antarctic contravened a 1986 moratorium on whale hunting.

The ruling led Japan to suspend whaling in the Antarctic in the 2014 season. But it resumed the operation in December and caught 333 minke whales in the Southern Ocean during a two-month hunt. [AAP]

In 1987, Japan officially halted commercial whaling in accordance to the previous year’s moratorium. However, the country has since used a loophole to continue whaling under the guise of scientific research despite ICJ Ruling, and international objection.

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Bosnia Remembers Srebrenica Massacre

Posted by feww on July 11, 2015

Sent by a reader

Bosnia marks 20th anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre, aka the Srebrenica genocide

About 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys were massacred by Bosnian Serb forces, supported by the Serbian government of Slobodan Milošević and the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), amid the breakup of Yugoslavia.

Thousands of Muslims seeking shelter in a UN refugee enclave in Srebrenica were shot dead by Serbian forces, after United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) failed to protect them.

The besieged enclave of Srebrenica in the Drina Valley, NE Bosnia, had been declared a “safe area” under UN protection in 1993, several months after war in Bosnia broke out. However, in July 1995, the ,UNPROFOR represented by hundreds of Dutch peacekeepers, failed to protect the Bosniak refugees and surrendered them to the Serbian forces in the “safe area.” [The commander of Dutch peacekeepers, Lieutenant-Colonel Thom Karremans, was filmed drinking a toast with General Mladić during the negotiations that decided the fate of the civilian population corralled in Potočari.]

In 2004, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in the Hague ruled that the massacre of Srebrenica male inhabitants constituted genocide. The ruling was upheld by the International Court of Justice in 2007. The forcible relocation of about 30,000 Bosnian women, children and elderly which accompanied the massacre further confirmed evidence of the genocidal intent of members of the the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) under the command of General Ratko Mladić, who orchestrated the massacre.

Russia vetoes U.N. resolution to condemn Srebrenica massacre as “crime of genocide”

Russia vetoed a U.N. resolution Wednesday failing to condemn the 1995 massacre of the Muslims at Srebrenica as a “crime of genocide,” AP reported.

Russia’s U.N. Ambassador said Bosnian Serbs and Croats had also suffered during the 1992-95 war that killed at least 100,000 people. However, there’s NO evidence of any Serbs or Croats as being victims of a massacre.

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Japanese Driving Eel to Extinction

Posted by feww on June 15, 2014

SPECIES EXTINCTION
ENDANGERED SPECIES
SCENARIO 900
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Japanese eel at risk of extinction:  IUCN

Japanese eel (Anguilla japonicais) is at risk of extinction, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a global conservation group based in Switzerland.

The group placed the eel  on its Red List on Thursday, which classes Japanese eels as “endangered.”

An endangered species is one which has been categorized by IUCN as likely to become extinct, or the second most severe conservation status for wild populations, following “critically endangered.”

Overfishing, shrinking  habitats, changes in sea current and deterioration of water quality are cited by IUCN as grounds for the designation.

The list is not legally binding; however, it would probably make little or no difference to the Japanese who have already begun whaling in defiance of the International Court of Justice recent ruling.

Se also: Japan Kills 30 Whales in 1st Hunt Since ICJ Ruling

IUCN Red List

All known mammal species have been assessed using the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, according to the group.

The term “Threatened” refers to those species classified under the IUCN Red List categories of Vulnerable, Endangered, or Critically Endangered.

Of the 5,487 mammal species assessed, nearly one-quarter of species (22.2 %) are globally threatened or extinct, representing 1,219 species. Seventy-six of the 1,219 species are considered to be Extinct (EX), and two Extinct in the Wild (EW).

Some 3,079 animals and 2,655 plant species are now endangered (EN) globally, compared with about 1,100 in each category, just 15 years ago.

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Japan Whaling ‘Not Scientific’ —ICJ

Posted by feww on March 31, 2014

Whaling in the Antarctic ‘Illegal’
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ICJ Orders Japan to Halt Whaling

The Hague. International Court of Justice (ICJ) has finally ruled that Japan’s Antarctic whaling program is not for scientific purposes.

Japan had claimed that the 1,000 or so whales harpooned by its whalers each year are for “scientific research.”

In May 2010, Australia filed a case with the ICJ arguing that Japan’s whaling program is nothing but commercial whaling in disguise.

The Presiding Judge Peter Tomka said the court had decided, by 12 votes to four, “that Japan shall revoke any extant authorization, permit or license granted in relation to JARPA II [Japan’s whaling program in the Antarctic] and refrain from granting any further permits in pursuance of that program,” ordering a temporary halt to the whaling.

The court’s decision “is final, without appeal and binding on the Parties.”


Whale meat exported by Iceland and Norway  for sale in Japan. Photo: via BBC. Image may be subject to copyright.

ICJ Statement: The Court finds that Japan’s whaling program in the Antarctic (JARPAII) is not in accordance with three provisions of the Schedule to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling.

The International Court of Justice in The Hague

(1) finds, unanimously, that it has jurisdiction to entertain the Application filed by Australia on 31 May 2010;

(2) finds, by twelve votes to four, that the special permits granted by Japan in connection with JARPA II do not fall within the provisions of Article VIII, paragraph 1, of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling;

(3) finds, by twelve votes to four, that Japan, by granting special permits to kill, take and treat fin, humpback and Antarctic minke whales in pursuance of JARPA II, has not acted in conformity with its obligations under paragraph 10(e) of the Schedule to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling;

(4) finds, by twelve votes to four, that Japan has not acted in conformity with its obligations under paragraph 10(d) of the Schedule to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling in relation to the killing, taking and treating of fin whales in pursuance of JARPA II;

(5) finds, by twelve votes to four, that Japan has not acted in conformity with its obligations under paragraph 7(b) of the Schedule to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling in relation to the killing, taking and treating of fin whales in the “Southern Ocean Sanctuary” in pursuance of JARPA II;

(6) finds, by thirteen votes to three, that Japan has complied with its obligations under paragraph 30 of the Schedule to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling with regard to JARPA II;

(7) decides, by twelve votes to four, that Japan shall revoke any extant authorization, permit or licence granted in relation to JARPA II, and refrain from granting any further permits in pursuance of that program

The Court therefore concludes that Japan has violated:

(i) the moratorium on commercial whaling in each of the years during which it has set catch limits above zero for minke whales, fin whales and humpback whales under JARPAII;

(ii) the factory ship moratorium in each of the seasons during which fin whales were taken, killed and treated under JARPA II; and (iii)the prohibition of commercial whaling in the Southern Ocean Sanctuary in each of the seasons during which fin whales have been taken under JARPA II.

fishermen-slaughter-a-10m-long-bottlenose-whale-at-the-wada-port-in-minami-boso-city-chiba-prefecture-east-of-tokyo-afp
Fishermen slaughter a 10m-long bottlenose whale at the Wada port in Minami-Boso city, Chiba prefecture, east of Tokyo. Photo: AFP. Image may be subject to copyright.

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