Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Posts Tagged ‘Mali’

Ebola Kills 100 in West Africa

Posted by feww on April 5, 2014


Mali suspects EHF cases as death toll reaches 100 in W. Africa

Mali health authorities say they have identified possible cases of Ebola HF since the epidemic outbreak in neighboring Guinea.

The outbreak, which originated in Guinea in early March, has since spread to the neighbors Sierra Leone and Liberia.

Guinea has reported an increased total of 127 probable and suspect cases, including 86 deaths (case fatality ratio: 68%), as of April 4, 2014. Of the suspect cases, 35 have been laboratory confirmed positive cases of Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), including 14 health care workers and 11 cases in Conakry, the capital, according to various sources.

Liberia has reported 14 suspect cases, which include 7 deaths and 2 laboratory-confirmed cases of EHF from persons with recent travel history to Guinea. Authorities are investigating reports of additional suspect cases in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Outbreak, Guinea and Liberia 2014

ehf outbreak in west africa
Source:  CDC/National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)

Possible Outbreak in Senegal and Gambia

News of a possible outbreak in Senegal may have been suppressed.

Gambia has placed at least two people with suspected EHF under quarantine.

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever(EHF)

EHF is a highly contagious virus that spreads via close personal contact and kills up to 90% of the victims.

Five subspecies of Ebolavirus have so far been found. Four of those have caused disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans, according to CDC.

There are  no known cure or vaccine for the Ebola virus.

In Africa, confirmed cases of Ebola HF have previously been reported in the following countries:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of the Congo (ROC)
  • South Africa (imported)

The current outbreak  is the first known occurrence of Ebola HF in Guinea.

“The natural reservoir host of ebolaviruses, and the manner in which transmission of the virus to humans occurs, remain unknown. This makes risk assessment in endemic areas difficult. With the exception of several laboratory contamination cases (one in England and two in Russia), all cases of human illness or death have occurred in Africa; no case has been reported in the United States,” said CDC.

Ebola virions (image 2 colorized 1), diagnostic specimen from the first passage in Vero cells of a specimen from a human patient — this image is from the first isolation and visualization of Ebola virus, 1976. In this case, some of the filamentous virions are fused together, end-to-end, giving the appearance of a “bowl of spaghetti.” Negatively stained virions. Magnification: approximately x40,000.  Micrograph from F. A. Murphy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

12 deadly pathogens could spread into new regions aided by climate change

A report by Wildlife Conservation Society released on October 7, 2008 lists 12 deadly pathogens that could spread globally as a result of climate change. “All have potential impacts to both human and wildlife health as well as global economies.” Report said.

Titled ‘The Deadly Dozen: Wildlife Diseases in the Age of Climate Change,’ the report illustrates examples of diseases that could spread due to temperatures changes and variations in regional precipitation levels.

The “Deadly Dozen” list [ABC]

  1. Avian influenza
  2. Babesia
  3. Cholera
  4. Ebola
  5. Intestinal and external parasites
  6. Lyme disease
  7. Plague
  8. Red tides
  9. Rift Valley fever
  10. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis)
  11. Tuberculosis
  12. Yellow fever


Posted in Climate Change, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global health catastrophe, health | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Disasterous Rainy Season in West and Central Africa

Posted by feww on September 12, 2013

2013 Rainy Season Overview West and Central Africa: UNOCHA

The rainy season in West and Central Africa occurs from June –
October. To date, rainfall across the region has varied both across countries and as compared to normal rainfall patterns in previous years.

Delays to the rainy season occurred in the Gulf of Guinea countries, particularly in western Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, Togo and Benin with recently recorded rains occurring at below-average levels.

Insufficient and poorly-distributed rainfall has occurred since June, leading to increasing rainfall deficits across the Gulf of Guinea countries with these countries currently experiencing a 30-day rain deficit.

2013 Flood-Affected countries in West and Central Africa

Flood-Affected countries in West and Central Africa
Rainy Season Impact on Populations. High rainfall has resulted in damaging floods in Benin, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal. These rains have resulted in damaging floods that have compromised the personal security of affected populations and rendered many homeless and/or with compromised livelihood options. Source: UNOCHA

Report Highlights

  • 323,396 people have been affected by floods this rainy season so far.
  • More than 40,000 people been displaced by floods, including 20,000 in Mali and at least 10,000 in Benin.
  • Floods have destroyed or damaged more than 22,600 homes.
  • At least 34,000 Hectares of agricultural land have been destroyed by floods.
  • In Nigeria over 80,000 people have been affected by floods in the past two months, with the states of Abia, Zamfara, Bauchi and Kogi being the most affected out of 21 states impacted.
  • Delays in onset of the rainy season likely to have impact on agricultural yields.
  • 30-day rain deficits recorded in Nigeria, Ghana, Liberia, Togo, and Benin.
  • Damaging floods have occurred in nine countries in the region, most recently in Benin, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. Other affected countries include Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Guinea and Gambia.

Posted in global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, global drought | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Million Plus Displaced by Floods in Nigeria

Posted by feww on October 17, 2012


[October 17, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,242 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

NOTE: Countdown was revised on October 16, 2012


Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Flooding in north-central Nigeria displaces at least a million people, killing 300, destroying homes and public infrastructure

Flooding has ravaged vast areas in 6 states of north-central Nigeria, displacing more than a million people, killing at least 300 people and tens of thousands of livestock, destroying farmlands and hundreds of thousands of homes, roads and bridges.

  • “The worst hit was Kogi State, closely followed by Benue State. The two states had the worst cases because of their positioning along the River Niger and River Benue. In fact, in the case of Kogi, many people have even fled to parts of Anambra State located in the southeast region, but we have followed them and established camps there also,” according to the National Emergency Management Agency.
  • “Many people are still missing and we still receive distress calls from communities in danger of being submerged.”
  • Describing the flood as colossal, the NEMA official mentioned Plateau, Nasarawa, Kwara, and Niger as other north-central states badly hit by the flood,”  said a report.


The humanitarian crisis in the north of Mali continues deteriorating, as people struggle with the effects of armed conflict and severe flooding, which  has destroyed crops and sent food prices soaring, said ICRC.

  • “Basic foodstuffs have become difficult for most people to obtain in the Timbuktu, Kidal, Mopti and Gao areas because of the high cost,” said the head of the ICRC regional delegation for Mali and Niger.
  • About 420,000 people in Timbuktu, Gao, Kidal and Mopti areas have been severely affected.

U.S. Weather Hazards

US Weather Hazards map., 17-10-2012. Source: NWS


Posted in global delta flooding, global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012 | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »