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Posts Tagged ‘Measles Outbreak’

Measles Cases and Outbreaks

Posted by feww on January 28, 2015

Updated Jan. 29, 2015

Measles Outbreaks

U.S. Outbreaks

  • Some  78 people in 11 California counties, as well as Utah, Arizona, Nebraska, Washington, Oregon, Colorado, and New Mexico have been infected. About a quarter of them have been hospitalized. So far, none have died.
  • In 2014, some 23 outbreaks were responsible for 89% of the 644 cases reported across 27 states

China Outbreaks:

An outbreak of measles in downtown Beijing has been reported by Beijing’s disease control and prevention center, reported Xinhua.

Between January 22 – 26, at least 23 people contracted measles in an office building in Chaoyangmen, a busy commercial area in Dongcheng District, Beijing, said a statement released by the center, Xinhua reported.

On January 7, at least 32 cases of measles were confirmed in Datong University in the city of Datong, in north China’s Shanxi Province.

In recent years, large measles outbreaks have occurred in Africa, Europe, eastern Mediterranean, W Pacific and SE Asia. Outbreaks with more than 10,000 reported cases have occurred in the DRC, India, Indonesia, Somalia and Ukraine.

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Measles epidemic exploding across Europe, spreading to the U-S

Posted by feww on December 3, 2011

Europe plagued by measles, threefold increase in 4 years

Some 26,000 cases of measles infection claiming up to a dozen lives and leaving about 7,300 hospitalized have been reported in Europe so far this year.

Disaster Calendar 2011 – December 3

[December 3, 2011]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,565 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

  • Europe. More than 26,000 measles cases were reported in 36 European countries from January to October 2011. The rise re[resents a 3-fold increase in 4 years.
    • The worst-affected country is France with 14,000 cases.
    • Other major outbreaks of the disease have been reported  in Macedonia, Romania, Spain and Uzbekistan.
    • In the U.S. more than 200 cases have been reported so far this year. That’s the largest number in a decade, and a 4-fold increase.
    • Most of the recorded cases in the US weer linked to other world regions, including about 2 dozen cases from Europe.
    • Measles is a highly contagious and potentially dangerous disease which spreads easily.
    • Some 164,000 measles deaths were recorded worldwide in 2008, with 95 percent of deaths occurring in poor countries.

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Measles Outbreaks Continue in Canada, New Zealand, Europe

Posted by feww on October 24, 2011

Measles Becoming a Global Pandemic, as World Population Approaches 7 Billion

The measles outbreak in Canada is infecting even the vaccinated individuals!

Disaster Calendar 2011 – October 24

[October 24, 2011]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,605 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

  • Canada, New Zealand and Europe. As the world population approaches 7 billion (some models suggest the 7 billion mark has already been surpassed), outbreaks of measles are intensifying in various regions across the world.
    • Measles is a highly infectious disease that can have serious complications including pneumonia and brain damage, and is potentially fatal.
    • The measles outbreak in Canada, Europe and New Zealand are intensifying.  The infection is occurring in both vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals, reports said, causing concern over vaccine effectiveness.
    • Quebec is experiencing the largest measles outbreak in the Americas since 2000. Some 727 cases were reported between Jan. 1 and Aug. 3,  this year, of which 34 percent occurred among vaccinated individuals.
    • In the 2000 measles pandemic, some 40 million cases of infection were reported, killing nearly 2 percent of the patients, or about 800,000 people.
    • Since about 1870s, measles has killed an estimated 200 million people worldwide.
  • Europe. About 30,000 cases of measles have been reported in Europe this year, with France being the worst hit country.
  • New Zealand.  At least 358 cases of measles have been reported in New Zealand so far this year.

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Dengue fever toll climbs to 162

Posted by feww on October 4, 2011

Death toll in Punjab’s dengue outbreak rises to 162 with about 1,300 patients hospitalized

About 550 new cases of dengue virus infection reported for the day in the provincial capital Lahore alone.


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FIRE-EARTH will continue to update the 2011 Disaster Calendar for the benefit of its readers.

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Disaster Calendar 2011 – October 4

[October 4, 2011]  Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.  SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,625 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

  • Punjab province, Pakistan. Death toll in Punjab’s dengue outbreak has risen to at least 162 with about 1,300 patients  hospitalized.
    • About 550 new cases of dengue virus infection reported per day in the provincial capital Lahore alone.
    • Punjab is Pakistan’s most populated province, home to about 57% of the nation’s population.
  • South Africa. The tornado-stricken town of Duduza, southeast of Johannesburg is being declared a disaster area, said a report.
    • The tornado killed at least one and injured more than 160 others, destroying up to a thousand homes.
    • “Earlier on Sunday, a nine-year-old boy was killed and 42 people injured in a tornado in Ficksburg in the Free State.” Said the report.
  • USA. Death toll from listeria-tainted Colorado cantaloupes has climbed to at least 18, with more than 100 people sickened across 19 states in the deadliest U.S. foodborne illness outbreak this century.
  • Philippines. Death toll from typhoon NESAT [“Pedring”] has climbed to at least 66, leaving dozens injured and many still missing.
    • The typhoon has affected about 3 million people in  more than 3,300 villages in 30 towns and 41 cities across 34 provinces, a report quoted the country’s National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council as saying.
    • The typhoon destroyed about 6,300 homes and damaged about 38,000 more.
    • More than 200,000 people remain in 500 evacuation centers.
    • The typhoon also damaged or destroyed more than 60 bridges, dozens of roads and 300 schools.
  • Mogadishu, Somalia. Death toll from a truck bomb in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu has climbed to at least 70, reports said.
    • At least 42 others were wounded when a truck laden with explosives blew up in front of the Ministry of Education, AP reported officials as saying.
  • Guizhou province, China. A gas explosion in a coalmine in  Guizhou province, SW China, has killed at least 16 miners with two others reported as missing, according to local officials.
    • In 2010 at more than 2,433 people were killed in coalmine accidents in China, according to official statistics, the report said.
  • Auckland, New Zealand. The latest measles outbreak in Auckland, New Zealand’s most polluted city, has infected at least 24 new victims, many of them children, in the past week.
    • More than 200 cases of the infectious disease have been confirmed in Auckland since May, a report said.
    • “You are more likely to get it in New Zealand now than you have been in the past 14 years.” Auckland’s Medical Officer of Health said.
    • “Two-thirds of the cases have been in babies, infants, children and teenagers, and the disease has struck everywhere from early childhood centres to tertiary institutions.” Said the report.

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Travel Health Alert: Measles Outbreak in NZ

Posted by feww on July 5, 2009

Measles Outbreak in Christchurch, NZ!

The following Travel Health Alert was relayed to FEWW by Blogger TEAA

New Zealand Travel Health Warning: Measles Outbreak in Christchurch!

Global Health Alert  Bulletin # 28  Outbreak of potentially lethal measles infection in Christchurch!

Four Christchurch Boys’ High School students were found to have measles infection last week, with another case suspected.

Canterbury health officials have now identified an additional six likely cases of the measles in the region, said Medical Officer of Health Dr Cheryl Brunton.

No further information has been released.

See also:

More About Measles Infection:

The following information about Measles is from CDC website:

Measles Advisory– Measles is a highly infectious disease that can result in severe, sometimes permanent, complications. The disease is no longer common in the United States, but it remains widespread in most countries of the world. Recent outbreaks in the United States highlight the ongoing risk of measles importations from other countries by people who travel. These outbreaks also highlight the impact vaccination has in preventing measles. As the new school year begins, parents should consider the importance of vaccination in protecting their children, themselves, and others against this highly contagious disease. Further information regarding recent U.S. measles outbreaks is available in an April 2008 CDC Health Advisory and in an August 2008 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Update: Measles — United States, January–July 2008.

Measles Virus

This thin-section transmission electron micrograph (TEM) revealed the ultrastructural appearance of a single virus particle, or “virion”, of measles virus. The measles virus is a paramyxovirus, of the genus Morbillivirus. It is 100-200 nm in diameter, with a core of single-stranded RNA, and is closely related to the rinderpest and canine distemper viruses. Two membrane envelope proteins are important in pathogenesis. They are the F (fusion) protein, which is responsible for fusion of virus and host cell membranes, viral penetration, and hemolysis, and the H (hemagglutinin) protein, which is responsible for adsorption of virus to cells.

There is only one antigenic type of measles virus. Although studies have documented changes in the H glycoprotein, these changes do not appear to be epidemiologically important (i.e., no change in vaccine efficacy has been observed). See PHIL 8429 for a black and white version of this image.

Prior to 1963, almost everyone got measles; it was an expected life event. Each year in the U.S. there were approximately 3 to 4 million cases and an average of 450 deaths, with epidemic cycles every 2 to 3 years. More than half the population had measles by the time they were 6 years old, and 90 % had the disease by the time they were 15. This indicates that many more cases were occurring than were being reported. However, after the vaccine became available, the number of measles cases dropped by 98 % and the epidemic cycles drastically diminished. Measles virus is rapidly inactivated by heat, light, acidic pH, ether, and trypsin. It has a short survival time (<2 hours) in the air, or on objects and surfaces. Credit : CDC/ Courtesy of Cynthia S. Goldsmith; William Bellini, Ph.D.

What’s Measles?

A respiratory disease caused by a virus, which normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and in the cells that line the lungs.


Rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes (lasts about a week).


Diarrhea, ear infections, pneumonia, encephalitis, seizures, and death

Approximately 20% of reported measles cases experience one or more complications. These complications are more common among children under 5 years of age and adults over 20 years old.

Measles causes ear infections in nearly one out of every 10 children who get it. As many as one out of 20 children with measles gets pneumonia, and about one child in every 1,000 who get measles will develop encephalitis. (This is an inflammation of the brain that can lead to convulsions, and can leave your child deaf or mentally retarded.) For every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die from it. Measles can also make a pregnant woman have a miscarriage, give birth prematurely, or have a low-birth-weight baby.

In developing countries, where malnutrition and vitamin A deficiency are prevalent, measles has been known to kill as many as one out of four people. It is the leading cause of blindness among African children. Measles kills almost 1 million children in the world each year.


Spread by contact with an infected person, through coughing and sneezing (highly contagious)

The disease is highly contagious, and can be transmitted from 4 days prior to the onset of the rash to 4 days after the onset. If one person has it, 90% of their susceptible close contacts will also become infected with the measles virus.

The virus resides in the mucus in the nose and throat of the infected person. When that person sneezes or coughs, droplets spray into the air. The infected mucus can land in other people’s noses or throats when they breathe or put their fingers in their mouth or nose after handling an infected surface. The virus remains active and contagious on infected surfaces for up to 2 hours. Measles spreads so easily that anyone who is not immunized will probably get it, eventually.


Measles vaccine (contained in MMR, MR and measles vaccines) can prevent this disease.

The MMR vaccine is a live, attenuated (weakened), combination vaccine that protects against the measles, mumps, and rubella viruses. It was first licensed in the combined form in 1971 and contains the safest and most effective forms of each vaccine.

It is made by taking the measles virus from the throat of an infected person and adapting it to grow in chick embryo cells in a laboratory. As the virus becomes better able to grow in the chick embryo cells, it becomes less able to grow in a child’s skin or lungs. When this vaccine virus is given to a child it replicates only a little before it is eliminated from the body. This replication causes the body to develop an immunity that, in 95% of children, lasts for a lifetime.

A second dose of the vaccine is recommended to protect those 5% who did not develop immunity in the first dose and to give “booster” effect to those who did develop an immune response.

Who Needs the Vaccine

Does my child need this vaccine?

The young boy pictured here, displayed the characteristic maculopapular rash indicative of rubella, otherwise known as German measles, or 3-day measles. Rubella is a respiratory viral infection characterized by mild respiratory symptoms and low-grade fever, followed by a maculopapular rash lasting about 3 days. In children there may be no significant respiratory prodrome and the illness may not be diagnosed since the rash may be mild and mimic other conditions. It is estimated that 20-50% of infections are subclinical. Complications occur more frequently in adult women, who may experience arthritis or arthralgia, often affecting the fingers, wrists and knees. These joint symptoms rarely last for more than a month after appearance of the rash.

The rubella vaccine is a live attenuated (weakened) virus. Although it is available as a single preparation, it is recommended that in most cases rubella vaccine be given as part of the MMR vaccine (protecting against measles, mumps, and rubella). MMR is recommended at 12-15 months (not earlier) and a second dose when the child is 4-6 years old (before kindergarten or 1st grade).

Rubella vaccination is particularly important for non-immune women who may become pregnant because of the risk for serious birth defects if they acquire the disease during pregnancy.

Birth defects if acquired by a pregnant woman: deafness, cataracts, heart defects, mental retardation, and liver and spleen damage (at least a 20% chance of damage to the fetus if a woman is infected early in pregnancy). Image and caption: CDC.

Children should get 2 doses of MMR vaccine:

  • The first dose at 12-15 months of age
  • The second dose at 4-6 years of age

These are the recommended ages. But children can get the second dose at any age, as long as it is at least 28 days after the first dose.

For additional details, consult the MMR Vaccine Information Statement {PDF}  and the Childhood Immunization Schedule.

As an adult, do I need this vaccine?

You do NOT need the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine (MMR) if:

  • You had blood tests that show you are immune to measles, mumps, and rubella.
  • You are a man born before 1957.
  • You are a woman born before 1957 who is sure she is not having more children, has already had rubella vaccine, or has had a positive rubella test.
  • You already had two doses of MMR or one dose of MMR plus a second dose of measles vaccine.
  • You already had one dose of MMR and are not at high risk of measles exposure.

You SHOULD get the measles vaccine if you are not among the categories listed above, and:

  • You are a college student, trade school student, or other student beyond high school.
  • You work in a hospital or other medical facility*.
  • You travel internationally, or are a passenger on a cruise ship.
  • You are a woman of childbearing age.

For additional details, consult the MMR Vaccine Information Statement and the Adult Immunization Schedule.

See also:  Healthcare Personnel Vaccination Recommendations

More on Vaccines Page

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