Fire Earth

Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Posts Tagged ‘meningitis’

Meningitis Outbreak Kills 1,000 in Nigeria

Posted by feww on April 28, 2017

Deadly Cerebrospinal Meningitis Outbreak in Nigeria Continues to Spread

Highlights from Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

An outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM), which started in December 2016, is ongoing in Nigeria.

  • As at 22nd April, 2017, of  the 9,646 suspected cases reported, 277 (2.9%) were laboratory confirmed, and 839 deaths (CFR=8.7%) recorded. [Latest local reports estimate the death toll to exceed 1,000, including about 350 in the past week alone. Editor]
  • In the last four weeks (Epi-Week 12-16), 43 Local Government Areas (LGAs) have reached alert/epidemic threshold in seven States — Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Yobe and Plateau. […]
  • The first outbreak case occurred in Zamfara State during Epidemiology Week 50 (December 12– 18, 2016).
  • A total of 9,646 cases with 839 deaths (CFR=8.7%) have been reported.
  • Of the reported cases, 566 (5.8%) were laboratory tested; of which 277 (48.9%) were confirmed positive for bacterial meningitis.
  • Neisseria meningitides serotype C. was the commonest cause of meningitis amongst those who tested positive

Majority of the suspected cases (48.2%) were in the 5-14 year age group.

  • In the six most affected States— Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina, Yobe, Kebbi, and Niger— a total of 14 LGAs are currently within the alert threshold and are therefore currently under enhanced surveillance, while 29 LGAs have reached the epidemic threshold, with full outbreak investigation and control measures being implemented

Additional Information

An outbreak of the disease killed more than 2,000 people in Nigeria in 2009.

A particularly severe epidemic of meningococcal meningitis (cerebrospinal meningitis, CSM) occurred in Nigeria between January and June 1996. There were 109,580 recorded cases and 11,717 deaths, giving a case fatality rate of 10.7% overall.

Pfizer pays out to Nigerian families of meningitis drug trial victims

Posted in News Alert | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

WNV Infections Continue Rising

Posted by feww on October 22, 2012

More than 5,000 WNV infections reported to CDC

WNV infections in the U.S. have caused at least 183 deaths thus far in 2012.

At least five thousand one hundred and twenty-two [number of cases to be confirmed] West Nile virus infections have been reported to CDC ArboNET from 48 states as of posting. The cases are from Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

  • About 70 percent of the cases have been reported from 8 states (Texas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Illinois, South Dakota, Michigan, and Oklahoma).
  • More than a third of all cases have been reported from Texas.
  • More than 51% of the cases are classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis).

Multistate Fungal Meningitis Outbreak:

  • 23 dead
  • 285 infected
  • Infections reported across 16 states

NOTE: 282 cases of fungal meningitis, stroke due to presumed fungal meningitis, or other central nervous system-related infection meeting the outbreak case definition, plus 3 peripheral joint infections (e.g., knee, hip, shoulder, elbow). No deaths have been associated with peripheral joint infections, CDC reported.

Spain Earthquake

Large scale groundwater extraction caused a 2011 earthquake in Spain which left at least nine people dead, more than 100 injured and thousands homeless,  researchers said.

  • A 5.1 magnitude  earthquake near the city of Lorca in southeastern Spain occurred at a shallow depth 3 km, causing extensive damage.
  • Researchers found the water table in the Alto Guadalentin Basin had dropped by 250 meters since 1960 due to groundwater extraction.
  • “Modeling results are consistent with a groundwater crustal unloading process, providing a reasonable explanation for the observed fault slip pattern.” They said.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Climate change dividends, climate change fallout, climate change hazards, climate impact, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Outbreak of Naegleria Fowleri in Pakistan

Posted by feww on October 10, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,253 Days Left

[October 10, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,253 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

.

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

‘Brain-eating’ amoeba outbreak claims 10 lives in Pakistan

The deadly outbreak has claimed at least 10 lives, including two children, with the latest three deaths occurring last week.

  • “The three people who died in September had not been to a swimming pool. It is a serious cause for concern that people are contracting the infection by using tap water,” Pakistan’s Health Minister told reporters.
  • N. fowleri has an estimated  fatality rate of 98%.
  • N. fowleri deaths have previously been reported in Czechoslovakia, Pakistan, United Kingdom, and the U.S. (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia).


Trophozoite of Naegleria fowleri in CSF, stained with H&E.  Source: CDC


Trophozoite of Naegleria fowleri in CSF, stained with trichrome. Image courtesy of the Texas State Health Department via CDC.

USA:  Meningitis outbreak linked to epidural steroid injections

  • Case Count: 119 [as of October 10, 2012 @ 8:45 AM EDT]
  • States: 10 (1 case reported in NJ)
  • Deaths: 11

Russia: Severe flooding prompted the officials in Russia’s North Caucasus Republic of Dagestan to declare a state of emergency.

  • Mudflows caused by extreme rain events have claimed at least 7 lives and damaged or destroyed hundreds of homes in the southern Russian city of Derbent, said a report.
  • At least 1,100 people including 280 children have been displaced.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Deadly Landslide Caused by ‘Continuous Rain, Geological Conditions and Earthquakes’

Posted by feww on October 6, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,257 Days Left

[October 6, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,257 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

.

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

A deadly landslide that claimed at least 19 lives in southwest China’s Yunnan Province was caused by a combination of continuous rain, geological conditions and earthquakes, Chinese geologists have said.

  • “… the area where the landslide occurred received about 297 mm of precipitation from Sept. 1 to Oct. 4, three times the amount received during the same period in previous years…  Rock and soil that was loosened by multiple earthquakes that occurred in early September formed a landslid,” said a report.

Other Disasters/ Significant Events

United States

Nine states have reported cases of meningitis linked to epidural steroid injections, CDC reported. An estimated 17,000 people may have received the injections.  As of October 6, 201 2:00pm ET2:

Total count: 64 cases, 7 dead

  • Florida: 4 cases
  • Indiana: 5 cases
  • Maryland: 3 cases, including 1 death
  • Michigan: 8 cases, including 2 deaths
  • Minnesota: 1 case
  • North Carolina: 2 cases
  • Ohio: 1 case
  • Tennessee: 29 cases, including 3 deaths
  • Virginia: 11 cases, including 1 death

California

  • San Bernardino. The city of San Bernardino has become the third California city in two weeks to file bankruptcy protection in the face of a $45-million budget shortfall, reports said.
  • Atwater. The small Central California city of Atwater (Pop: ~28,000) has declared A fiscal emergency, which could translate to the state’s fourth municipal bankruptcy this year, said a report.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global economy | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

West Nile Virus Activity Intensifying

Posted by feww on October 1, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,262 Days Left

[October 1, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,262 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

.

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

More than 4,500 West Nile virus infections and 169 deaths reported in 47 states and D.C.

As of October 1, 2012 more than 4,500 human West Nile virus infections including 169 deaths [numbers to be confirmed] have been reported this year in the following states:

  • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.


As of October 1, 2012, a total of 47 states and D.C. have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. At least four thousand five hundred (4,500)  human West Nile virus infections including 169 deaths [numbers to be confirmed] have occurred, so far this year. The reported WNV cases include 51% neuroinvasive disease cases (such as meningitis or encephalitis). 

Footnote: The map displays white areas that represent no WNV activity reported, light green areas that represent any WNV activity* , dark green circles that represent disease cases, and dark green triangles that represent presumptive viremic blood donors.

* Includes WNV human disease cases, presumptive viremic blood donors, veterinary disease cases and infections in mosquitoes, birds, and sentinel animals.
† Presumptive viremic blood donors have a positive screening test which has not necessarily been confirmed.

Map shows the distribution of WNV activity* (shaded in light green), human infections (dark green circles), and presumptive viremic blood donors (dark green triangles) occurring during 2012 by state. If West Nile virus infection is reported from any area of a state, that entire state is shaded. Source: CDC/ Vector-Borne Diseases

Non-human West Nile virus infections have been reported to CDC ArboNET from the following states:

  • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Other Disasters/ Significant Events

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Monsoon Rains Destroy 15,000+ Homes Across Pakistan, Killing Many

Posted by feww on September 18, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,275 Days Left

[September 18, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,275 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History

.

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

Pakistan: Monsoon Rains

  • Monsoon rains have left about 1,000 people killed or injured, destroying more than 15,000 homes, and damaging thousands more, across Pakistan since August 22.

See also: Cloudbursts Kill Dozens in India

United States: West Nile Virus (WNV) – [UPDATED Sept 20, 2012]

  • As of September 18, 2012, 48 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. At least three thousand five hundred and seven  human West Nile virus infections including 134 deaths [to be confirmed] have been reported to CDC ArboNET from Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

West Nile virus (WNV) activity reported to ArboNET, United States, 2012 (Sept 18, 2012)


As of September 18, 2012, 48 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. At least three thousand five hundred and seven (3,507)  human West Nile virus infections including 134 deaths have resulted  from WNV infection across 35 states, so far this year. The reported WNV cases include 52% neuroinvasive disease cases (such as meningitis or encephalitis). Source: CDC/ Vector-Borne Diseases

Footnote: The map displays white areas that represent no WNV activity reported, light green areas that represent any WNV activity* , dark green circles that represent disease cases, and dark green triangles that represent presumptive viremic blood donors.

* Includes WNV human disease cases, presumptive viremic blood donors, veterinary disease cases and infections in mosquitoes, birds, and sentinel animals.
† Presumptive viremic blood donors have a positive screening test which has not necessarily been confirmed.

Map shows the distribution of WNV activity* (shaded in light green), human infections (dark green circles), and presumptive viremic blood donors (dark green triangles) occurring during 2012 by state. If West Nile virus infection is reported from any area of a state, that entire state is shaded.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in environment, global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe, global heating | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Meningitis and encephalitis swamp refugee camps

Posted by feww on July 19, 2009

Outbreaks of meningitis and encephalitis reported in northern Sri Lanka refugee camps

Deadly diseases erupt in refugee camps in northern Sri Lanka

COLOMBO, Jul 19, 2009 (Xinhua via COMTEX) — Meningitis and encephalitis [an acute inflammation of the brain] have erupted in Sri Lanka’s northern Vavuniya district where about 300, 000 Tamils civilians displaced by the last phase of war between the government troops and Tamil Tiger rebels are being housed, a local newspaper said on Sunday.

The Sunday Times reported that 14 new encephalitis cases were detected in the Vavuniya General Hospital over the past week.

Vavuniya-based United Nations staff providing relief services to the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) have been advised to keep away from the hospital due to the outbreak of meningitis and encephalitis, the paper said.

UN officials were quoted by the paper as saying that the hospital employees at Vavuniya had failed to inform the authorities about the outbreak of the two diseases.

The paper said while the fatality rate of meningitis cases treated in all government hospitals in Sri Lanka from 2000 to 2005 had dropped to less than five percent, the fatality rate in the Vavuniya General Hospital is about 50 percent.

UN officials said diarrhea and hepatitis A are still prevalent in some of the IDP camps in Vavuniya.

UN officials also said health care, water distribution and supply of food items still need more attention in the camps because only about 36 percent of the total cost of 270 million U. S. dollars had been distributed.

There is not enough suitable land to build more toilets. The camps currently have only about 9,215 toilets while 15,000 are needed, UN officials said. The UN is warning of the effect the approaching rainy season might have on the camps, especially in low-lying areas.

The government said they need about six months to de-mine the once rebel controlled north and find out hidden Tamil Tiger rebels before the IDPs can return to their original homes.

After nearly 30 years’ struggle for a separate homeland for the minority Tamils in the north and east, the Tamil Tigers came to be wiped off in May as a result of a sustained military crackdown on them by the troops. copyright xinhua.

Posted in meningoencephalitis, northern Sri Lanka, refugee camps, Vavuniya | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »