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Posts Tagged ‘NCDC’

Meningitis Outbreak Kills 1,000 in Nigeria

Posted by feww on April 28, 2017

Deadly Cerebrospinal Meningitis Outbreak in Nigeria Continues to Spread

Highlights from Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC)

An outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM), which started in December 2016, is ongoing in Nigeria.

  • As at 22nd April, 2017, of  the 9,646 suspected cases reported, 277 (2.9%) were laboratory confirmed, and 839 deaths (CFR=8.7%) recorded. [Latest local reports estimate the death toll to exceed 1,000, including about 350 in the past week alone. Editor]
  • In the last four weeks (Epi-Week 12-16), 43 Local Government Areas (LGAs) have reached alert/epidemic threshold in seven States — Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Yobe and Plateau. […]
  • The first outbreak case occurred in Zamfara State during Epidemiology Week 50 (December 12– 18, 2016).
  • A total of 9,646 cases with 839 deaths (CFR=8.7%) have been reported.
  • Of the reported cases, 566 (5.8%) were laboratory tested; of which 277 (48.9%) were confirmed positive for bacterial meningitis.
  • Neisseria meningitides serotype C. was the commonest cause of meningitis amongst those who tested positive

Majority of the suspected cases (48.2%) were in the 5-14 year age group.

  • In the six most affected States— Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina, Yobe, Kebbi, and Niger— a total of 14 LGAs are currently within the alert threshold and are therefore currently under enhanced surveillance, while 29 LGAs have reached the epidemic threshold, with full outbreak investigation and control measures being implemented

Additional Information

An outbreak of the disease killed more than 2,000 people in Nigeria in 2009.

A particularly severe epidemic of meningococcal meningitis (cerebrospinal meningitis, CSM) occurred in Nigeria between January and June 1996. There were 109,580 recorded cases and 11,717 deaths, giving a case fatality rate of 10.7% overall.

Pfizer pays out to Nigerian families of meningitis drug trial victims

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Record Warm June, First Half of 2015

Posted by feww on July 22, 2015

Record-breaking temps. over global land & oceans in June, 1st half of 2015, past 12 months

First half of 2015 was record warm for the globe, while June 2015 was warmest June on record, with global land areas and oceans each breaking previous records, according to The State of the Climate Report issued by NCDC/NOAA.

The following are some of the key highlights from the report:

Global highlights: Year-to-date (January–June 2015)

The globally averaged temperature across  land and ocean surfaces (SST) was  0.85°C (1.53°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for the 6-month period in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the 2010 record by 0.09°C (0.16°F).

NOTES:
The
globally-averaged land and SST temperature for January to June 2010 was 14.2°C  (57.5°F), or 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average.
The 20th century average land surface and SST temperature for January to June period, as quoted in 2014, was of 13.5°C (56.3°F)

The globally-averaged land surface temperature was 1.40°C (2.52°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for January–June in 136-year record, surpassing the 2007 record by 0.13°C  (0.23°F).

The globally-averaged SST was 0.65°C  (1.17°F) above the 20th century average, which was the highest for the 6-month period in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the 2010 record by 0.07°F (0.04°C).

Global highlights: June 2015

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for June 2015 was the highest for June in the 136-year period of record, at 0.88°C (1.58°F) above the 20th century average of 15.5°C (59.9°F), surpassing the previous record set just one year ago by 0.12°C (0.22°F). This was also the fourth highest monthly departure from average for any month on record. The two highest monthly departures from average occurred earlier this year in February and March, both at 0.90°C (1.62°F) above the 20th century average for their respective months, while January 2007 had the third highest, at 0.89°C (1.60°F) above its monthly average.

The average global temperature across land surfaces was 1.26°C (2.27°F) above the 20th century average of 13.3°C (55.9°F), the highest June temperature on record, surpassing the 2012 record by 0.06°C (0.11°F).

The global sea surface temperature for June was 0.74°C (1.33°F) above the 20th century average of 16.4°C (61.5°F), the highest for June on record, surpassing the 2014 record by 0.06°C (0.11°F). [This also tied with September 2014 as the highest monthly departure from average for any month for the globally-averaged sea surface temperature. Nine of the ten highest monthly departures from average have occurred since May 2014.]

June 2015 also marks the fourth month this year that has broken its monthly temperature record, along with February, March, and May. The other months of 2015 were not far behind: January was second warmest for its respective month and April was third warmest. These six warm months combined with the previous six months (four of which were also record warm) to make the period July 2014–June 2015 the warmest 12-month period in the 136-year period of record, surpassing the previous record set just last month (June 2014–May 2015). 

Rank
1 = Warmest
Period of Record:
1880–2015
12-month Period Anomaly °C Anomaly °F
1 July 2014–June 2015 0.83 1.49
2 June 2014–May 2015 0.82 1.48
3 May 2014–April 2015 0.81 1.46
4 April 2014–March 2015 0.80 1.44
5 March 2014–February 2015 0.79 1.42
6 (tie) January–December 2014 0.78 1.40
6 (tie) February 2014–January 2015 0.78 1.40
8 December 2013–November 2014 0.77 1.39
9 November 2013–October 2014 0.74 1.33
10 (tie*) October 2013–September 2014 0.73 1.31

*ties with four other 12-month periods.  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for June 2015, published online July 2015, retrieved on July 22, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201506.

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January–April Global Temperature Highest Ever Recorded

Posted by feww on May 20, 2015

Global temperature rises to a new record across land and ocean surfaces: Report

During January–April 2015, the average temperature across global land and ocean surfaces was 0.80°C (1.44°F) above the 20th century average—the highest for the period since 1880, NCDC reported.

Global highlights: Year-to-date (January–April 2015)

  • The January–April globally-averaged land surface temperature was 1.48°C  (2.66°F) above the 20th century average—the highest for the period since records began in 1880.
  • The globally-averaged sea surface temperature for the period was 0.55°C (0.99°F) above the 20th century average, tying  with 2010 as the second highest for January–April on record, trailing 1998 by 0.04°F (0.02°C).

Global highlights: April 2015

  • The April globally-averaged sea surface temperature (SST) was 0.60°C (1.08°F) above the 20th century average—the highest for April ever recorded, said NCDC.
  • April’s average temperature across global land and ocean surfaces was 0.74°C (1.33°F) above the 20th century average, making it the fourth highest for April on record.
  • The April globally-averaged land surface temperature was 1.11°C (2.00°F) above the 20th century average, making it the 10th highest for April in the 1880–2015 record.

Polar Icecaps

  • The average Arctic sea ice extent for April was more than 800,000 square kilometers ( 310,000 square miles) about 5.5 percent below the 1981–2010 average, or the second smallest April extent since records began in 1979, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) reported. The 2007 April extent was 78,000 square kilometers (30,000 square miles) smaller.
  • Antarctic sea ice in April was 1,657,000 square kilometers (640,000 square miles) about 22.4 percent above the 1981–2010 average, making it the largest April Antarctic sea ice extent on record, surpassing the previous record of 2014 by 26,000 square kilometers (10,000 square miles).

Source: NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for April 2015, published online May 2015, retrieved on May 20, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201504.

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U.S. Weather Extremes January – April 2015

Posted by feww on May 15, 2015

U.S. Selected Significant Climate Anomalies January – April 2015


Selected monitoring stations shown on the map had one of their three warmest, coolest, wettest or driest January through April on record. Bold white circle show record value at the station’s current location. The smaller circles indicate year-to-date results that were 2nd or 3rd place among a station’s history. To avoid many overlapping or crowded dots in a region, a small subset of stations across the United States were plotted. There are many stations having “top three” or “bottom three” years that are not depicted in the map. The stations under consideration are listed in other supplemental pages (temperature, precipitation). Source: NCDC/NOAA.

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January 2015 Second Warmest on Record

Posted by feww on February 21, 2015

For the Record:

Arctic sea ice extent for January 6.3 percent below 1981–2010 average

The globally averaged temperature over land and ocean surfaces last month was 0.77°C (1.39°F) above the 20th century average, the second highest for January since record keeping began in 1880, said the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

[The warmest January on record was in 2007, at 1.55°F (0.86°C) above average.]

Other Global Highlights:

  • The globally-averaged land surface temperature was 2.57°F (1.43°C) above the 20th century average, making it also the second highest on record for January. The warmest January was in 2007, at 3.31°F (1.84°C) above average, while sea surface temperature (SST) was 0.95°F (0.53°C) above average— the third highest for January.
  • The average Arctic sea ice extent for January was just over 906,000km² (350,000 square miles) or 6.3 percent below the 1981–2010 average, making it the third smallest January extent since records began in 1979.
  • Antarctic sea ice during January was 2,300,000km² (890,000 square miles), or 44.6 percent above the 1981–2010 average, making it the largest January extent on record, surpassing the previous record set in 2008 by 570,000km² (220,000 square miles) or 33 percent.

Selected Significant Climate Anomalies and Events – January 2015

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for January 2015, published online February 2015, retrieved on February 21, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2015/1.

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Global Temperature Reaches Record High in September: NOAA

Posted by feww on October 21, 2014

EXTREME WEATHER & CLIMATIC DISASTERS
RISING TEMPERATURES
ECOLOGICAL COLLAPSE
SPECIES EXTINCTION 
MAIN SCENARIOS 900, 808, 800, 797,  777, 666, 555, 444, 300, 123, 111, 101, 090, 067, 066, 033, 011, 04, 03, 02, 01
.

Global temperature breaks September record; ties record highest for January-September

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces reached a record high for September, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above the 20th century average of 15.0°C (59.0°F), according to  NOAA National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

Additionally, the first nine months of 2014 (January–September) tied with 1998 as the warmest such period on record, with a combined global land and ocean average surface temperature 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 14.1°C (57.5°F), said NCDC.

If 2014 maintains this temperature departure from average for the remainder of the year, it will be the warmest calendar year on record. The past 12 months—October 2013–September 2014—was the warmest 12-month period among all months since records began in 1880, at 0.69°C (1.24°F) above the 20th century average. This breaks the previous record of +0.68°C (+1.22°F) set for the periods September 1998–August 1999, August 2009–July 2010; and September 2013–August 2014.

Global Highlights

  • The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for September 2014 was the highest on record for September, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above the 20th century average of 15.0°C (59.0°F).
  • The global land surface temperature was 0.89°C (1.60°F) above the 20th century average of 12.0°C (53.6°F), the sixth highest for September on record.
  • Heating Ocean. The September global sea surface temperature was 0.66°C (1.19°F) above the 20th century average of 16.2°C (61.1°F), the highest on record for September and also the highest on record for any month.
  • The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for the January–September period (year-to-date) was 0.68°C (1.22°F) above the 20th century average of 14.1°C (57.5°F), tying with 1998 as the warmest such period on record.

 

Details posted at: NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for September 2014, published online October 2014, retrieved on October 20, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2014/9

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Global Temperature Analysis

Posted by feww on January 22, 2014

2013 Ties with 2003 as the fourth warmest year on record: NCDC

2013 was the 37th consecutive year (since 1976) with the annual global temperature remaining above average.

Highlights from NCDC Report

  • The combined land and ocean surface temperature was 0.62°C (1.12°F) above the 20th century average of 13.9°C (57.0°F).
  • Currently, the warmest year on record is 2010 with the temperature 0.66°C (1.19°F) above average.
  • 9 of the 10 warmest years since records began in 1880 have occurred in the 21st century.
  • 1990, the third warmest year on record, is the only one of the top 10 records set in 20th century.

top 10 warmest years
Global combined land and ocean annually-averaged temperature rank and anomaly for  the 10 warmest years on record (since 1880). Tie is based on temperature anomaly in °C. Data Sourced from NCDC

Global Land Temperature

The average global land temperature in 2013 was 0.99°C (1.78°F) above the 20th century average and ranked as the fourth highest annually-averaged value on record.

Global Ocean Temperature

Globally-averaged ocean surface temperature in 2013 saw an anomaly of 0.48°C (0.86°F) above the 20th century average, tying with 2006 as the eighth warmest year on record, reported NCDC.

The departure was just 0.04°C (0.07°F) below the record high of 0.58°C (1.04°F), which was set in both 1998 and 2003.

NOTE: The 1901-2000 average combined land and ocean annual temperature is 13.9°C (56.9°F), the annually averaged land temperature for the same period is 8.5°C (47.3°F), and the long-term annually averaged sea surface temperature is 16.1°C (60.9°F).

Billion-Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters

Some 151 weather/climate disasters have occurred between 1980 and 2013, with the overall damages/costs reaching or exceeding $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2013). The total cost of these 151 disasters exceeds $1 trillion, according to NCDC.

The 2013 toll of billion-dollar weather and climate disasters across the United States stands at 7 events, which included five severe weather and tornado episodes, a major flood episode, and the western drought/heat wave.

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Mass Blackouts Continue in Freezing US, Canada

Posted by feww on December 26, 2013

EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS

Up to 650,000 homes in northeastern US and southeastern Canada still without electricity days after deadly ice storm

Dozens of fatalities reported in the region, many caused by carbon monoxide poisoning from heating appliances.

The ice storm severely impacted a vast area in the US, from Michigan to Maine, and large parts of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in Canada.

Toronto’s Mayor called the ice storm “one of the worst storms in Toronto history.”

The ice storm also battered New York state, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, forcing New York Governor to declare a winter ice storm emergency on Friday in four counties where more than 2 inches of ice covered the roads.

States of emergency were in effect across many towns, cities and counties during the ice storm.

Low Temperature Embarrass MN

Low Temperature in the U.S. on Thursday, December 26, 2013 was -28 degrees (-33ºC) at Embarrass, MN
(as received by 7 am EST December 26), reported NWS Weather Prediction Center.

Record Daily High and Low Temps

As of December 24, 2013 some 983 daily record high temperatures and 1,124 daily record low temperatures were broken or tied across the U.S. for the month, according to National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)  in Asheville, North Carolina.

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U.S. Daily Max Temp. Records Broken or Tied

Posted by feww on July 22, 2013

566 Daily highest max temperature records broken or tied, July 1 to 20

During the first 20 days of July this year, at least 566 daily highest maximum temperature records were broken or tied, according to National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

  • The total includes 359  records broken and 207  tied.

us max daily temp records
U.S. Daily Highest Max Temperature Records set July 1- 20, 2013. Source: NOAA/ NCDC

Locations not shown on the Map

  • Record Broken: CIRCLE HOT SPRINGS YUKON-KOYUKUK, AK – new daily record of 87.1°F broke old daily record of 82.9°F set in 1960
  • Record Tied: WAIMANALO EXP F 795.1 HONOLULU, HI – tied with 2004 record of 86.0°F

Records broken by at least 10.0°F 

  • NAMPA SUGAR FACTORY, CANYON, ID  – new record of 109.0°F broke old record set in 2006 by 10.9°F
  • ELK RIVER,  CLEARWATER,  ID – new record of 100.9°F broke old record set in 1987 by 10.9°F
  • ROSS DAM,  WHATCOM,  WA – new record of 100.0°F broke old record set in 2006 by 10.9°F

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