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Posts Tagged ‘November 2015’

2015 Could Become Warmest Year on Record

Posted by feww on December 18, 2015

Three More Global Temperature Records Broken —NOAA

State of the Climate Report: November 2015

  • November 2015 was warmest November on record Globally
  • September–November was the warmest such period
  • Year-to-date was record warm

The November average temperature across land and ocean surfaces (SST) rose  1.75°F (0.97°C) above the 20th century average of 12.9°C (55.2°F), the highest for November in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the previous record set in 2013 by 0.27°F (0.15°C).

  • November warmth broke a monthly global temperature record for the seventh consecutive month.
  • The temperature departure from average for November is also the second highest among all months in the 136-year period of record. The highest departure of 0.99°C (1.79°F) occurred last month.
  • Globally-averaged land surface temperature for November was 2.36°F (1.31°C) above the 20th century average.
  • Globally-averaged SST was 1.51°F (0.84°C) above the 20th century average. This was the highest for November in the 1880–2015 record, surpassing the previous record set last year by 0.36°F (0.20°C).
  • The average Arctic sea ice extent for November 2015 was 360,000 square miles (~ 930,000km² ), or 8.3 percent below the 1981–2010 average. This was the sixth smallest November extent since records began in 1979.
  • Antarctic sea ice extent during November 2015 was 80,000 square miles (1.2 percent) above the 1981–2010 average, the 14th largest for November in the 37-year period of record.


November 2015 Blended Land and Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies in degrees Celsius

Autumn Temperatures

Additionally, September, October, and November 2015 had the three highest monthly temperature departures on record.

Out of 1,630 monthly records (1880–2015 record):

  • Eight months of 2015 are among the 10 highest monthly temperature departures from their respective averages.
  • All 11 months of 2015  so far are among the 25 highest.


Selected Climate Events & Anomalies for November 2015

September–November  Temperature

The September–November seasonal temperature was 0.96°C (1.73°F) above the 20th century average of 14.0°C (57.1°F). This marks the highest departure from average for the season in the 136-year period of record, surpassing the previous record set last year by 0.21°C (0.38°F).

The globally-averaged temperature across land surfaces was also the highest on record for September–November, at 1.27°C (2.29°F) above the 20th century average of 9.1°C (48.3°F).

  • Most of the Americas from Mexico through the northern half of South America were record warm, as were scattered regions across Africa, southern and southeastern Asia, and southern Australia.
  • Across the world’s oceans, the September–November average sea surface temperature was 0.84°C (1.51°F) above the 20th century average of 16.0°C (60.7°F), the highest for September–November on record, surpassing the previous record set last year by 0.27°C (0.15°F).

Year-to-date Temperature

The first 11 months of 2015 were the warmest such period on record across the world’s land and ocean surfaces, at 0.87°C (1.57°F) above the 20th century average of 14.0°C (57.2°F), surpassing the previous record set last year by 0.14°C (0.25°F).

  • Nine of the first eleven months in 2015 have been record warm for their respective months, with January second warmest for January and April third warmest.
  • The December global temperature would have to be at least 0.81°C (1.46°F) below average—or 0.24°C (0.43°F) colder than the current record low December temperature of 1916—for 2015 to not become the warmest year in the 136-year period of record.

The average global sea surface temperature for the year-to-date was the highest for January–November in the 136-year period of record, at 0.72°C (1.30°F) above average, surpassing the previous record set last year by 0.09°C (0.16°F).

The average land surface temperature was also record high, at 1.27°C (2.29°F) above average, surpassing the previous record of 2010 by 0.15°C (0.27°F).


January–November 2015 Blended Land and Sea Surface Temperature Percentiles

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for November 2015, published online December 2015, retrieved on December 18, 2015 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201511.

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Hundreds of Iraqi Civilians Executed in November

Posted by feww on December 1, 2015

941 Iraqi civilians killed in November:

  • 303  Executed 

  • 110 Killed in Coalition Air Strikes

  • 65 Bodies Found

Some 941 Iraqi civilians were killed in November, according to Iraq Body Count. The toll included 323 people executed including 6 doctors and 12 university students in Dash-controlled Mosul. Additionally, 65 corpses were found throughout the conflict zone, while 117 others were killed in Iraqi and Coalition airstrikes including 28 children who were killed in a French airstrike on Mosul last Wednesday (Nov. 24).

According to the UN Mission in Iraq (UNAMI), a total of at least 888 Iraqis were killed and another 1,237 were wounded in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict in November 2015*.

  • At least 489 civilians were among those killed, and 869 others wounded, said the report.
  • A further 399 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (including Peshmerga, SWAT and militias fighting alongside the Iraqi Army / Not including casualties from Anbar Operations) were killed and 368 were wounded.

* CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas. UNAMI could not obtain the casualty figures for the month of November from Anbar. In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents. UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of large numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care. For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

 

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Iraq Casualty Figures for November 2015

Posted by feww on December 1, 2015

888 Iraqis killed 1,237 other wounded in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict: UN

A total of at least 888 Iraqis were killed and another 1,237 were wounded in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict in November 2015*, according to casualty figures released today by UNAMI.

At least 489 civilians were among those killed, and 869 others wounded, said the report.

A further 399 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (including Peshmerga, SWAT and militias fighting alongside the Iraqi Army / Not including casualties from Anbar Operations) were killed and 368 were wounded.

Baghdad was the worst affected Governorate with 1,110 civilian casualties (325 killed, 785 injured), Ninewa had 109 killed and 41 injured, while Kirkuk 14 killed and 23 injured, Salahadin 21 killed and 08 injured, and Diyala 16 killed and 11 injured.

*CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas. UNAMI could not obtain the casualty figures for the month of November from Anbar. In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents. UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of large numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care. For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

According to Iraq Body Count, which claims to maintain “the world’s largest public database of violent civilian deaths since the 2003 invasion,” some 941 civilians were killed in November.

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Iraq October Death Toll

Posted by feww on November 3, 2015

Iraq Govt Not Protecting Citizens Against ISIL Terrorism

The casualty figures released by UNAMI show a total of 714 Iraqis were killed and another 1,269 wounded in acts of terrorism, violence and armed conflict in October 2015*.

The number of civilians killed was 559 (including 25 civilian police), and the number of civilians injured was 1,067 (including 43 civilian police), said the UN in Iraq.

Additionally, 155 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (including Peshmerga, SWAT and militias fighting alongside the Iraqi Army / Not including casualties from Anbar Operations) were killed and 202 injured.

*CAVEATS: In general, UNAMI has been hindered in effectively verifying casualties in conflict areas. UNAMI could not obtain the casualty figures for the month of October from the Anbar Health Directorate. In some cases, UNAMI could only partially verify certain incidents. UNAMI has also received, without being able to verify, reports of large numbers of casualties along with unknown numbers of persons who have died from secondary effects of violence after having fled their homes due to exposure to the elements, lack of water, food, medicines and health care. For these reasons, the figures reported have to be considered as the absolute minimum.

According to Iraq Body Count, the October casualty toll included 1,150 civilians killed.

  • At least 643 people, including dozens of women and children, were executed.
  • Up to 59 others (bodies abandoned) may have also been executed.
  • At least 222 people ( including 12 children) were executed and 20 prisoners tortured to death in Mosul.

Additionally, three doctors were executed in Mosul on November 2, 2015.

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