Fire Earth

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Posts Tagged ‘PRF’

Strong Seismicity Occurring from PNG to Alaska

Posted by feww on October 11, 2018

TERG 06 – 101102

Significant seismicity occurring around PRF

Strong earthquakes striking PNG, Indonesia, Alaska…

M7.0 earthquake strikes E of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea

M 7.0 – 117km E of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
5.678°S, 151.198°E; 40.3 km depth
2018-10-10 20:48:20 (UTC)
Tsunami Evaluation: Local tsunami waves have occurred. NO further threat expected.

Significant aftershocks:

M6.2
94km SW of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
2018-10-10 22:00:35 (UTC)
124.3 km

M5.9
117km ESE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
2018-10-10 21:13:16 (UTC)
37.4 km

M5.9
113km ESE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
2018-10-10 20:59:01 (UTC)
46.0 km

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FIRE-EARTH Tectonics Watch: PRF (050502)

Posted by feww on May 5, 2018

ALN – LSH – MD – KW – 050502

  • All Groups
  • Affiliated Scientists 

Seismotectonics of Regions L, L1, J, G, G1, H, D, O

[Issued by FIRE-EARTH Science Team.]

  • Details of latest FORECASTS and ALERTS are available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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Posted in News Alert | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Cotopaxi Volcano Stirs, Ash Eruptions Reported

Posted by feww on August 15, 2015

Ash from Ecuadorian volcano covers parts of Quito

Two small explosions at the giant Cotopaxi volcano ejected plumes of ash to a height of about 5km above the crater on Friday, reported Ecuador’s Geophysical Institute.

Volcanic ash from the eruptions covered southern parts of Quito, Ecuador’s capital and its second most populous city [metro pop: ~ 3.2 million, FIRE-EARTH Population Model.]

The events have been described as “very small explosions” that were “almost imperceptible,” by the officials, who insist the volcano, which has been showing signs of unrest since April, with a large increase in seismicity (including harmonic tremors) and SO2 emissions, is not necessarily about to erupt.

One of the world’s highest volcanoes, Cotopaxi is located about 50 km south of Quito, Ecuador. It is the second highest summit in the Andean country, reaching a height of about 5,900m. Some 90 or so eruption have been recorded since 1534.

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Sakurajima Volcano ‘Unhappy’ with Sendai Nuke Restart

Posted by feww on August 15, 2015

Sakurajima Volcano Warning Raised

Mt Sakurajima volcanic warning level has been raised to Level 4, “prepare to evacuate,” amid signs of increased activity, said Japan’s weather agency.

Mt Sakurajima could have a larger than usual eruption, officials said.

The news follows Tuesday’s restart of a reactor at the Sendai nuclear power station, located less than 50km from the angry volcano.

Volcano Information

One of Japan’s most active volcanoes, Sakurajima is situated in Kagoshima Bay, south of Kyushu, Japan (about 1,000km WSW of Tokyo). The volcano has three active craters: Kitadake, Minamidake and Nakadake.

Multiple eruptions have occurred at Minamidake crater since 1955 .

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M7.0 Quake Strikes Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Posted by feww on June 17, 2015

UPDATE:

This quake has been upgraded to 6.8Mw event by the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre

Magnitude Mw 6.8
Date time 2015-06-17 12:51:31.8 UTC
Location 35.26 S ; 17.79 W
Depth 10 km

And to a 6.9Mw event by GEOFON Global Seismic Monitor

F-E Region: Southern Mid Atlantic Ridge
Magnitude: 6.9 (Mw)
Epicenter: 17.73°W 35.38°S
Depth: 10 km
Status: M – manually revised

Powerful quake occurs north of Tristan

Centered at 35.362°S, 17.392°W the quake occurred north of Tristan da Cunha Fracture Zone, about 494km (308mi) WNW of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas, Saint Helena, at a depth of about 10.0 km (6.2 mi), reported USGS/EHP.

EQ Details

Magnitude: 7.0Mw [Upgraded from 6.1Mw]
Location: 35.362°S, 17.392°W
Date/ Time of Occurrence: 2015-06-17 at 12:51:33 (UTC)
Depth: 10km

Tsunami Evaluation
A DESTRUCTIVE WIDESPREAD TSUNAMI THREAT DOES NOT EXIST BASED ON HISTORICAL EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DATA. [NWS PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER]

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Another Strong Earthquakes Strikes East New Britain

Posted by feww on May 1, 2015

M6.8 earthquake strikes 106km SSW of Kokopo, PNG

Centered at 5.196°S, 151.801°E the quake occurred at a depth of 57.0 km (35.4 mi), reported USGS/EHP

EQ Details
Magnitude: 6.8Mw
Location:  5.196°S, 151.801°E; depth=57.0 km (35.4 mi)
Time: 2015-05-01 at 08:06:04 (UTC) (UTC)

Nearby Cities:

  1. 106km (66mi) SSW of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea [pop. 27,000]
  2. 187km (116mi) ENE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
  3. 310km (193mi) SSE of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea
  4. 428km (266mi) WNW of Arawa, Papua New Guinea
  5. 693km (431mi) NE of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea [pop: 27,000]

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M6.7 Quake Strikes East New Britain

Posted by feww on April 30, 2015

M6.7 earthquake 125km SSW of Kokopo, PNG

Centered at 5.392°S, 151.818°E the quake occurred at a depth of 48.9 km (30.4 mi), reported USGS/EHP.

EQ Details
Magnitude: 6.7Mw
Location: 5.392°S, 151.818°E depth=48.9 km (30.4 mi)
Time: 2015-04-30 at 10:45:05 (UTC)

Nearby Cities

  • 125km (78mi) SSW of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
  • 186km (116mi) E of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
  • 331km (206mi) SSE of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea
  • 421km (262mi) WNW of Arawa, Papua New Guinea
  • 680km (423mi) NE of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

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Recent Earthquakes ≥ Magnitude 6.0

Posted by feww on May 5, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
NIGHTMARE SCENARIO 08
.

Strong Quakes Strike Japan Region, Fiji

The latest seismicity in and around the PRF include the following events.

Magnitude: 6.0
Event Time: 2014-05-04  @ 20:18:24 UTC
Location: 34.862°N 139.312°E depth=155.1km (96.4mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 23km (14mi) ESE of Ito, Japan
  • 98km (61mi) SSW of Tokyo, Japan

Reported Impact: EQ shook buildings in Tokyo

Magnitude: 6.1
Event Time: 2014-05-04 09:25:14 UTC
Location: 25.798°S 178.208°E depth=610.6km (379.4mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 543km (337mi) NW of Raoul Island, New Zealand
  • 848km (527mi) S of Suva, Fiji
  • 848km (527mi) SW of Nuku`alofa, Tonga

Magnitude: 6.6
Event Time
2014-05-04 09:15:53 UTC
Location: 24.642°S 179.084°E depth=527.6km (327.8mi)
Nearby Cities:

  • 497km (309mi) SSW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
  • 703km (437mi) SW of Nuku`alofa, Tonga
  • 722km (449mi) S of Suva, Fiji
  • 777km (483mi) SSE of Nadi, Fiji

NO tsunami reported.

FIRE-EARTH EQ Forecast

The next detailed FIRE-EARTH Earthquake Forecast will be released together with Bulletin NO. 95 on May 6, 2014.

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Latest Significant Seismicity

Posted by feww on May 2, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
HEIGHTENED GLOBAL SEISMICITY
NIGHTMARE SCENARIO 08
.

Significant Quakes Strike Indonesia, Japan Region

The latest seismicity in and around the PRF include the following events.

M 5.9 – (257km SE of Kamaishi, Japan)
Time: 2014-05-02 09:15:20 UTC
Location: 37.880°N 144.246°E
Depth: 14.6km

M 6.0 (70km SSE of Namlea, Indonesia)
Time: 2014-05-02 08:43:37 UTC
Location: 3.801°S, 127.435°E
Depth: 54.2km

Global Seismic events 2may2014
EQ Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP

M 5.3 (139km W of Neiafu, Tonga)
Time: 2014-05-02 07:46:07 UTC
Location: 18.848°S, 175.293°W
Depth: 35.0km

M 5.3 (Palau region)
Time: 2014-05-01 15:21:14 UTC
Location: 6.542°N, 130.095°E
Depth: 9.6km

M 5.8 (81km WSW of Onan Ganjang, Indonesia)
Time: 2014-05-01 14:35:38 UTC
Location: 1.944°N, 97.932°E
Depth: 55.2km

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Strong Quake Strikes Coastal Northern Chile

Posted by feww on March 17, 2014

SEISMIC HAZARD
.

M6.7  quake strikes offshore  near Iquique, Chile

Centered at 19.925°S, 70.628°W the strong quake struck at a depth of about 20.0km (12.4mi) on March 16, 2014 at a depth of about 20km, according to USGS/EHP.

The event, followed by at least 7 significant aftershocks, confirmed ongoing intense seismicity at the Peru-Chile Trench.

Tsunami Status

No Tsunami Warnings, Advisories or Watches are in effect.

Chile’s National Office of Emergency of the Interior Ministry (ONEMI) confirmed a 32cm local tsunami.

Earthquake Details

Magnitude: 6.7Mw (downgraded from 7.0)
Location:19.925°S 70.628°W
Depth:20.0km
Time: 21:16:30UTC on 2014-03-16

Earthquake Location Map

chile quake 16mar14
Chile quake and aftershocks as of 02:03UTC, Monday 17,March 2014. Map: USGS/EHP

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Mass Evacuations in Indonesia as Mt Kelud Erupts

Posted by feww on February 14, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
MASS EVACUATIONS
.

Volcano alert urged 200,000 people to evacuate before eruption

Ash and other volcanic matter ejected by the 1,730-meter Mt Kelud has covered a vast area, including the major city of Surabaya, more than 130km (80 miles) away.

During its most violent eruption on Thursday night, the volcano ejected ash and volcanic gases to a hight of 17km above the summit crater, according to officials.

Surabaya, Indonesia’s second-largest city with a population of more than 3.5 million (6 million in the metropolitan area), is the capital of East Java province.

The major eruption, which ejected ash in all directions as far as 250-km away, forced the closure of three international airports in Surabaya, Solo and Yogyakarta.

mt kelud java - photo mia puspitasari
Mt Kelud erupts in East Java, Indonesia. Image credit:

Kelud eruption 2014 ash raining in YogyakartaVolcanic ash raining on the city of Yogyakarta (metro Population 2.4 million), Java after Mt Kelud eruption.  Image Credit:Aldnonymous

Officials had urged about 200,000 people in 36 villages within the 10-km radius of the crater to evacuate 90 minutes before the eruption, according to reports.

There are UNCONFIRMED reports of multiple deaths within the evacuation zone.

A Thick Blanket of Volcanic Ash 

“The current conditions are that volcanic ash is now covering the runway, apron and tarmac. We have already measured the thickness of the volcanic ash, which is at  on the runway and tarmac,” said a senior official at the Yogyakarta airport.


Mt Kelud (Kelut) is located in East Java, Indonesia.
Kelud is one of Indonesia’s 130  active volcanoes.  The volcano last erupted in 1990, killing at least 40 people. A powerful explosion in 1919 left more than  5,000 dead.

Indonesian Volcanoes

Indonesian Volcanoes have been responsible for a number of cataclysmic explosions in modern history.

Krakatoa [Krakatau] Cataclysmic Eruption 1883

ashcroft -riv thames
William Ashcroft painting “On the Banks of the River Thames” in London, November 26, 1883 [Exactly three months after Krakatoa’s cataclysmic 1883 eruption.]

The Krakatoa eruption affected the climate driving the weather patterns wild for the next 5 years. Average global temperatures fell by about 1.2 °C in the following years, returning to normal only in 1888.

The eruption ejected about 21 cubic kilometers of volcanic matter and destroyed two-thirds of the Krakatoa island. The explosion also spawned giant tsunamis killing an estimated 40,000 people.

Karakatoa
An 1888 lithograph of the 1883 violent explosion of Krakatau.

Based on their models, our colleagues at EDRO forecast that the collapse of Singapore may occur as a result of volcanic activity on the island of Sumatra. However, they have not disclosed any further detail.

Mt Sinabung

Mount Sinabung in North Sumatra province has been erupting since November 2013 forcing the evacuation of more than 30,000 people. During an unexpected eruption earlier this month at least 16 people were killed.

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