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Posts Tagged ‘SANTIAGO quake’

Another Strong Aftershock Strikes Chile

Posted by feww on March 6, 2010

Strong aftershock measuring  up to M6.9 strikes Bio-Bio Chile

The aftershock was the strongest aftershock to strike the region in the previous 72 hours.

However, there was no significant damage as a result of the shock, local officials were reported as saying.


The M8.8 megaquake and ensuing giant tsunami waves caused more damage in Chile’s Maule region and  beyond than did the Haiti quake in that  country, making a mockery of the death toll figure provided by the dysfunctional Haiti govt. Fire-Earth estimates that the Haiti quake death toll may have been exaggerated by as much as 100 folds.  Fire-Earth has now revised down its figure for the number of deaths and injures resulting from the Haiti quake to 5,000 (FIVE THOUSAND). [Original caption: An earthquake survivor walks through the city center after it was destroyed by a massive earthquake and ensuing tsunami, in Talcahuano March 4, 2010.] Credit: REUTERS/Mariana Bazo. Image may be subject to copyright.

Yet Another Revised Death Toll by Chilean Govt

Major Chilean newspapers reported on Friday the government had again revised its death toll for Maule region to 316 (previously 587). The epicenter of the M8.8 megaquake was located in the Maule region.

The Tsunami Oops!

Most of the casualties in Saturday’s disasters were killed  NOT by the M8.8 megaquake, but by the three giant tsunami waves that obliterated the coastal population centers hours  later. The Chileans say their govt told them there would be NO risk of a tsunami.

The Chilean Navy has since blamed the catastrophic failure on “a diagnosis error,” admitting that they transmitted “extremely unclear information” to their civilian counterparts. The authorities have since fired head of the Navy’s Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service [Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada, SHOA,] Commander Mariano Rojas, for failing to issue a tsunami warning [syn: incompetence,] local reports said.

EQ Details

  • Magnitude as reported by USGS/EHP: 6.6 [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.9 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Friday, March 05, 2010 at 11:47:10 UTC
    • Friday, March 05, 2010 at 08:47:10 AM at epicenter
  • Location: 36.513°S, 73.116°W
  • Depth: 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program
  • Region:  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
  • Distances
    • 35 km (20 miles) N of Concepcion, Chile
    • 90 km (55 miles) W of Chillan, Chile
    • 125 km (80 miles) NNW of Los Angeles, Chile
    • 405 km (255 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • USGS Event ID: us2010tla4

Strong Quake Strikes SW of Sumatra, Indonesia

Meanwhile, a strong earthquake measuring up to 6.8Mw [Fire-Earth estimate] struck SOUTHWEST OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA, at a depth of about 20km on Friday, March 05, 2010 at 16:06:57 UTC.

The epicenter was located at 4.032°S, 100.806°E, USGS/EHP reported.

Distances:

  • 165 km (100 miles) W of Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 345 km (215 miles) S of Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 415 km (255 miles) SW of Jambi, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 700 km (435 miles) WNW of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia

Related Links:

 

Posted in BIO-BIO, Chile Earthquake update, Chile Quake, Chile Quake aftershock, Quake Aftermath | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments »

Chile Lowers Quake Death Toll to 279

Posted by feww on March 5, 2010

ANYTHING is possible in CHILE

How did the Government Count the Dead in Round One?

There’s a time-honored convention, a simple mathematical algorithm for counting things like dead bodies. You look at them, record them in some way and count them.

Only a day or so ago Chilean government put the number of the dead from the M8.8 mega quake and the giant tsunami waves that occurred on Saturday at 802. And the number of missing at about 1,000.

Chilean authorities have sharply lowered the daeth toll 20 279, Reuters reported.

The government did not say whether the new figure could be subject to future downsizing, again.

They haven’t given any explanation, of course, save for a mention in passing that the previous toll had included the number of missing [sic.]

Could it be that the government is in denial because they know they could have at least saved the lives of the tsunami victims?

Fire-Earth is lowering its estimate for the HAITI Quake Disaster from 20,000 dead and injured to less than 5,000 (five thousand). The Moderators would reconsider this estimate if a shred of evidence could be produced.

Another Powerful Aftershock Strikes

Meanwhile, another powerful aftershock measuring up to 6.5Mw struck Antofagasta, Chile about 1,260km north of the capital, Santiago.

The epicenter of the aftershock, which struck at a depth of about 100km, was located at 22.330°S, 68.340°W, USGS/EHP reported.

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Chile: Two Strong Aftershocks in 8 Hrs

Posted by feww on March 4, 2010

Two strong aftershocks measuring up to magnitude 6.2 and 6.3 strike Bio-Bio and Valparaiso, Chile

The first thing that ought to have come to mind is, thank goodness Chile doesn’t have a nuclear power plant or large scale nuclear waste storage facility. [The country’s two open-pool research reactors (5MWt and 10MWt) are apparently located near Santiago.]

What if megaquakes struck close to a large nuclear power plant, or two?

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.1 [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.3 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Thursday, March 04, 2010 at 01:59:50 UTC
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 10:59:50 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 33.154°S, 72.064°W
  • Depth: 34.4 km (21.4 miles)
  • Region: OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 45 km (30 miles) WSW of Valparaiso, Chile
    • 135 km (85 miles) WNW of SANTIAGO, Chile
    • 165 km (105 miles) NW of Rancagua, Chile
    • 190 km (115 miles) SSW of Illapel, Chile
  • Location Uncertainty: horizontal +/- 24.6 km (15.3 miles); depth +/- 4.3 km (2.7 miles)
  • Source: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID:  us2010tkan

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W


The two strong aftershocks detailed here are marked in RED on the EQ Location Map. Source: USGS/EHP. Image Edited and Enhanced by FEWW.

Earthquake Details

  • Magnitude: 6.0  [Max magnitude estimated by Fire-Earth: 6.2 Mw]
  • Date-Time:
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 17:44:25 UTC
    • Wednesday, March 03, 2010 at 02:44:25 PM at epicenter
  • Location: 36.452°S, 73.069°W
  • Depth: 19 km (11.8 miles) set by location program
  • Region:  OFFSHORE BIO-BIO, CHILE
  • Distances:
    • 40 km (25 miles) N of Concepcion, Chile
    • 85 km (55 miles) W of Chillan, Chile
    • 130 km (80 miles) NNW of Los Angeles, Chile
    • 400 km (250 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Chile
  • Source:  USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
  • Event ID us2010tjbk

Tsunami Status

Pacific Ocean Tsunami Warning Center said there were NO Tsunami Warning, Watch  or Advisory in effect.

Related Links:

Posted in BIO-BIO, Chile Earthquake update, Chile Quake, Chile Quake aftershock, Quake Aftermath, Valparaiso | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Chile Quake Aftermath: Day 5

Posted by feww on March 4, 2010

There would be enough food and fuel for everyone, if they wait long enough: President Bachelet

Death Toll from the quake and tsunami is slowly inching up above 800, but the number of missing is grossly underestimated.

“There is enough food and therefore we must remain calm. There is also enough fuel, there is no risk of shortages … Be confident … Chile is going to stand on its feet again,” the outgoing president Bachelet blurted out on the nationally TV and radio.

Ms. Bachelet, described as  center-left, has again pleaded with Chileans  not only to stop looting, but cease hoarding supplies, too.

She doesn’t accept that her government’s response to one of the world’s largest earthquake was even more pathetic than the dysfunctional “government” of Haiti to their earthquake disaster in January.

Ms Bachelet has urged Chilean’s to help with relief efforts, like every good citizen should. But even Gen Pinochet knew an army cannot march on an empty stomach.

Enter the EXTREME Right

If her government was really center-left, may good have mercy on Chileans because the ultra conservative president-elect, billionaire businessman Sebastian Pinera, can only be described as EXTREME right. To people like him, people are mere numbers on a balance sheet and the bottom line must always be black. Chile may be reentering the “dark ages” again.

More Aftershocks

Concepcion, Chile’s second largest and the closest major city to the epicenter of the M8.8 megaquake that struck on Saturday, was shaken by a swarm of strong aftershocks which  sent the locals scurrying to higher grounds fearing a new wave of tsunamis.

The capital Santiago was also shaken by at least two strong aftershocks on Wednesday.


Earthquake location map (10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W) shows the approximate location of the M8.8 megaquake and 195 aftershock, many larger than M5.0 as 01:00UTC (GMT) on March 4, 2010.  Source: USGS/EHP.

Dead and Missing

The number of dead was reported as 813 by late Wednesday, but there are probably as many as 1,000 people still unaccounted for especially in the coastal villages that were completely obliterated by the three large tsunami waves (which the government had said won’t happen).

As many as 500 people are unaccounted for in Constitucion, one of several fishing  villages which were almost entirely wiped out.

Curfew

Concepcion is currently under an 18-hour curfew enforced by as many as 17,000 troops (3,000 more than the number reported by the media) as well as the local police force. But with so many buildings destroyed or damaged, and residents  refusing to enter their homes in case of a collapse, this curfew must be a very strange one.

Basic Necessities at  Extortionate Prices

A few shops have opened in Concepcion, but foodstuffs are sold at extortionate price, inflated by 300 percent.

Related Links:

Posted in Chile Quake, chile quake aftermath, chile quake dead, earthquake, Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

Chile quake Update 3 (March 2)

Posted by feww on March 2, 2010

Chileans Need Food, Water and Care; NOT Bazookas!

Chilean authorities never cease to defy common sense, or harm their own citizens beyond your wildest imagination

The death toll from Chile’s megaquake and tsunami nears 750

The term Shell shock would of course fail to describe the state of the survivors, living victims, of the Chilean earthquake; they were hit by a megaquake. However, the traumatic experience they have suffered is very much the same as being “shell-shocked.”

Now they need food, water and shelter, but more importantly a caring establishment that treats them as vulnerable victims of a massive shock!

What they got instead, were soldiers carrying heavy-caliber machine guns and anti-tank weapons with the muzzles pointed at them!

“Go on, shoot them, put them out of their misery … what do you care? You’re only doing your job [sic.]” Surely, so long as the copper mines continue to yield and the soldiers receive their rations,  the establishment would have no worries.


Chilean soldiers patrol the streets to stop looting and keep the order, as a building burns in the background after a major earthquake in Concepcion March 1, 2010. Chile’s government scrambled on Monday to provide aid to thousands of homeless people in coastal towns devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunamis, as 10,000 troops patrolled to quell looting. Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright.

Extent of the quake damage

The megaquake struck near the village/town of Dichato instantly destroying three quarters of the town. Then three successive tsunami waves arrived. “The first two were big and didn’t do much damage, but the last one almost wiped the village off the map,” a local resident said.

“Surging waves triggered by the quake smashed houses and cars in fishing villages on the country’s long Pacific coast. In the town of Constitucion alone, 350 people are believed to have died and a public gym was turned into a makeshift morgue.” Reuters reported.

Looting

Chilean government has imposed a curfew in Concepcion and the adjacent region of Maule, where the megaquake struck, after sporadic “looting” broke out. There are images of looters, of course, who are breaking into shops and warehouses, carrying white goods on their shoulders.  But they are a minority. Nearly three days after the megaquake and the tsunamis struck, the majority of the local folks described as “looters” are simply desperate for basic necessities—food and water.

The desperate “looters” have even raided a fire station looking for water.

“The looters are more organized,” said Concepcion’s mayor, Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe, Reuters reported, asking the Bachelet government to dispatch more of those troops with [antiaircraft rocket-launchers and] intimidating helmets to reinforce “law and order” in the country’s second largest city.

Caught between thirst and hunger,  on the one hand, and soldiers armed with bazookas, on the other, the victims are taking their chances.  Unsurprisingly, they are evolving and becoming more organized.

[To the readers who are sitting at home in the comfort of their armchairs  reading these lines: THIS CAN and PROBABLY WILL HAPPEN to YOU, TOO!  CHANGE YOUR SYSTEM and LIFESTYLES, NOW! IT IS ALREADY WAY TOO LATE!]

We find it hard to term the desperate victims as “looters”; they are traumatized folks struggling for survival.

Related Links:

Related Images:

Posted in chile earthquake, Chile Quake, chile quake victims, earthquake, Quake Aftermath | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Chile Earthquake Update 2 (Mar 1)

Posted by feww on March 1, 2010

“No Danger of a Tsunami,” Chileans Were Told!

Death toll from Chile megaquake and tsunami surges over 720

“It’s an enormous catastrophe … there’s a growing number of missing people,” Chilean President Bachelet said, as her government dispatched 10,000 troops to enforce curfews in the worst hit areas, especially Chile’s second largest city Concepcion, and prevent alleged outbreaks of looting.

The surviving victims are desperate for food and water, making the government’s “iron-fist” response highly questionable.

The massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake that struck about 115km north-northeast of Concepcion on Saturday, has left many people homeless, and many more have stayed outdoors in tents or makeshift shelters fearing the deadly aftershocks that are powerful earthquakes to be reckoned with.

The megaquake has destroyed or damaged probably as many as half a million homes, wrecked bridges, highways and other infrastructure. There’s  widespread power cuts throughout most of the country.

Criminal Negligence by the Chilean Authorities

Once again fatal errors made by an incompetent military proved fatal for many ordinary Chileans. Many lives could have been saved if the he government experts had sought independent advice concerning the certainty of a tsunami.

It has now been revealed the Chilean government declared immediately after the megaquake struck offshore Maule, “there would be no danger of a tsunami.”  Their fatal error, which they now blame on “incorrect data” supplied by their “Navy experts” probably doubled the death toll as it now stands.

It’s difficult to believe that the average earthquake “expert” would consider an 8.8Mw earthquake striking offshore, especially in an area with previous records of deadly quakes and fatal tsunamis as “no danger.”

Surely, even a university freshman with some understanding of geophysics, earthquakes and tsunamis, and knowledge of earthquake history in the area, facing a magnitude 8.8 quake, could have put two and two together,  at least erring on the side of caution.

The authorities in Japan, a country almost halfway across the world from Chile, took the precautionary measure of evacuating more than a million of their citizens from coastal areas to protect them against potential tsunamis caused by the Dichato quake.

How could the Chilean authorities make such an incomprehensible mistake with such catastrophic consequences?

Aftershocks Update

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,70°W

Latest EQ Location map. Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Since FEWW Chilean Disasters Update # 1 posted yesterday, at least 40 additional aftershock have struck central Chile, with two events measuring M6.0 or greater. The aftershocks should continue to occur for sometime.

Image of the Day


Cars and Dogs seeking safety on higher grounds in case “Navy experts” had made a mistake about the tsunami. [Original caption: Debris is washed up by waves generated by a major earthquake near the epicenter in Dichato February 28, 2010. Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright.
]

FEWW Estimate of the Quake Damage

Based on the preliminary information available, Fire-Earth Moderators estimate the cost of damage from Saturday’s megaquake at about US$10 billion.

The Moderators believe the Chileans should consider the earthquake and subsequent tsunami disasters as an opportunity and re-build their communities as eco-centered, low-carbon, intelligent communities.

Any more mistakes made by the authorities in the way they handle the quake and tsunami aftermaths could prove even more catastrophic in the near future.

Related Links:

Related Images:


Posted in Chile Earthquake update, Chile Quake, chile quake dead, earthquake, Quake Aftermath | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Chile Earthquake and Tsunami Update 1 (28 Feb)

Posted by feww on February 28, 2010

Death Toll reaches 309 and Rising

8.8 Megaquake destroys houses, buildings, hospitals, bridges, roads and other structures

The Chile M8.8 quake released about 180 times more energy than the recent Haiti quake (estimated at 7.3Mw). Up to 70 medium to powerful aftershocks measuring M5.0 to M7.0 have been reported by USGS and other EQ monitoring centers

Chilean government has declared 6 regions as “zones of catastrophe,” but has made no formal request for international aid as yet.

Power and telephone lines are down throughout most of Chile making the flow of information extremely difficult [Other countries are advised to revise their communication systems]

  • Water lines are cut off in most parts of the country.
  • Many deaths are reported in Maule near the epicenter, as well as in the regions of  Araucania,  Biobio,  O’Higgins,  Santiago and Valparaiso, some of the places where powerful aftershocks occurred.
  • In Santiago, capital of Chile, at least a dozen large building have collapse killing more than 15 people (the death toll could rise).
  • About 200 people were caught inside an apartment block which collapsed  in the major city of Concepcion, the closest to the epicenter, and officials said they had no idea if anyone escaped, according to news reports.
  • A chemical plant near Santiago has caught fire forcing the authorities to evacuate several thousand people from the neighborhood.
  • Santiago International airport has been damaged and will be closed for at least a week.


Freeze frame from a local TV report shows  a building in Concepcion that caught fire as a result of the earthquake.

The international airport in Santiago, the Chilean capital, located about 320km (200 miles) north of the epicenter, was  closed as the megaquake caused damage to some roads and building facades.

A strong M6.3 aftershock in Salta, Argentina killed at least 2 people last night, officials said.


Rescue workers search for victims and survivors after an apartment complex collapsed during an earthquake in Concepcion some 100 km (62 miles) south of the epicenter, February 27, 2010.  Credit: REUTERS/Jose Luis Saavedra. Image may be subject to copyright. For more image images, click links in the Related Images section below.

The megaquake was the fifth-largest seismic event since 1900.   Chile was also the scene of the largest earthquake in the world  which measured 9.5Mw, which killed  1,655 people and injure 3,000 others, leaving about 2,000,000 homeless.

The tsunami generated by the 1960 quake  caused 61 deaths and $75 million damage in Hawaii [most of the damage occurred at Hilo, with the runup height reaching 10.6 m.] Several hundred other people in Japan and the Philippines were also killed or reported missing as a result of the destructive tsunami.


Collapsed highway Near Santiago.  Vehicles driving along a highway that collapsed during the megaquake were thrown on the road below on Saturday. Photo Credit:  Associated Press. Image may be subject to copyright. See FEWW Fair Use Notie.

Tsunami

Japan is bracing for a possible tsunami wave of 3m (10ft) or higher that could strike the Pacific coast of Hokkaido at about 13:00JST  (04:00 UTC).


Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)Tsunami Forecast Map.  Image may be subject to copyright.

  • Major Tsunami is marked in RED: Tsunami height is expected to be 3 meters or higher.
  • Tsunami is marked in YELLOW: Tsunami height is expected to be up to 2 meters.
  • Tsunami Advisory: Tsunami height is expected to be about 0.5 meters.

Japanese government has ordered thousands of residents on coastal areas to evacuate to higher grounds.

A tsunami generated by the megaquake overwhelmed the port of Talcahuano, a major port in southern Chile, causing substantial damage to the harbor and the boats, and flooding streets.

A huge wave swept the Juan Fernandez islands, President Michelle Bachelet was reported as saying. The wave reportedly 7, with at least a dozen more islanders reported missing, according to a local officials.

Hawaii recorded tsunami surges of up to 12 inches about half an hour later than oceanographers had forecast, according to an official with the Hawaii County Civil Defense. Some officials had predicted that the waves would be as high as 4.8m (14 feet) despite the freely available tsunami ADVISORY reports.

In French Polynesia, a 1.8m (6 ft ) high wave swept ashore. As of posting,  there was no reports of casualties or damage. However,  casualties and damage will most probably occur.

A 1.7m was observed at Valparaiso, west of Santiago, and reports of more damage are expected.

In Australia, a tsunami wave measuring 50cm (1.6 feet) was reported off Norfolk Island, about 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles ) northeast of Sydney.

On Chatham Islands, NZ officials reported a 2-meter high wave striking the coast. About a thousand people in the coastal cities of Gisborne and Napier in the  North Island were reportedly evacuated from low-lying areas.

In Tonga, there were reports of a 2.2-meter (6.6 feet) high wave sweeping an unnamed small northern island, an official said.

In the Philippines the officials said they were expecting a 1-meter high wave later this afternoon local time.

Socioeconomic Aftershocks

President Michelle Bachelet has said that two million Chileans have been affected by the Saturday’s Megaquake. Her estimate is realistic.

Thousands of people in Argentina may have also been affected.

10-degree Map Centered at 35°S,75°W (USGS)


Latest EQ Location map.
Source: USGS/EHP. Enhanced by FEWW

Fire-Earth Moderators believe that the geophysical prognosis doesn’t bode well for Chile, and a number of other countries, especially those  on the PRF,  for at least the next 3  years.

On January 2, Fire-Earth forecast 2010 Likely the Most Disastrous Year on Record. See also 2010 Disaster Calender- Year One of Human-Enhanced Disasters.

Related Links:

Related Images:

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