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Posts Tagged ‘severe Drought’

330 Million People Affected by Severe Drought: Indian Govt

Posted by feww on April 20, 2016

Quarter of India’s population impacted by drought

However, the number of people hit by the drought could be even higher because the states of Bihar (east) and Haryana (north) haven’t declared drought conditions despite shortfall in rain, said a report.

A report stating that 255,000 villages in 254 districts [out of a total 678] are being severely affected has been presented to the India’s Supreme Court.

The people are facing acute “drinking water shortage and agricultural distress,” the Court was told.

The worst hit state is Uttar Pradesh with almost 100 million people in 50 districts affected by rain deficit.

According to a petition filed by NGO Swaraj Abhiyan, 12 states — Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Haryana and Chattisgarh — are facing severe drought conditions. The report also avers that “the state governments were not implementing social welfare laws like MGNREGA, Food Security Act and the Centre’s drought manual.”

The drought is exacerbated by heatwaves that are plaguing much of India with temperatures exceeding 40ºC for several consecutive days each time.

“In water-scarce Orissa, farmers have reportedly breached embankments to save their crops,” said a report.

“Water availability in India’s 91 reservoirs is at its lowest in a decade, with stocks at a paltry 29% of their total storage capacity, according to the Central Water Commission.

“Some 85% of the country’s drinking water comes from aquifers, but their levels are falling, according to WaterAid.”

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Severe Drought Killing Crops, Cattle in South Africa

Posted by feww on January 14, 2016

South Africa paralyzed by worst ever drought, record temperatures

South Africa experienced its driest year on record in 2015, reported the national weather service on Thursday.

Severe drought continues to threaten the vital maize crop impacting the country’s economy.

The rainfall was about two-thirds of the 608mm annual average making 2015 the driest year on record since 1904.

“Weather officials said Sunday that just in the past week there have been 11 fatalities from heatstroke in the North West province after a week of record high temperatures.” Read more…

Drought has reached crisis point

The drought currently being faced by South Africa has reached crisis point. Provincial dam levels are down in all provinces, standing at 57% of capacity as of last week, compared to 82% for the same time last year. This represents a major economic and humanitarian crisis as food security is placed under threat and the livelihood of those in the agricultural sector is placed in jeopardy. This is not a crisis limited to commercial farming, but extends to each and every South African and the poor in particular.

Food crops will be affected across the board. When I visited Hoopstad and Bothaville in the Free State, less than 3% of the maize had been planted, and the planting season has now passed. This is the least number of hectares planted since 1926.

Grain SA said that South Africa imported about 750,000 tonnes of maize to meet the country’s needs. The 2015/16 season will see this increased to 5 million tons of maize. It is expected that we will also have to import about 10 million tons of grain, rice and soya into the country. This would put a heavy burden on our harbour and transport infrastructure while the decline in the Rand over December will increase the cost of this exercise greatly.

Rising food prices, particularly of maize and wheat, which are the staple diet of many South Africans, pose serious problems for the urban and rural poor. The drought will put pressure on food prices, with hikes likely in everything from maize and grains, to meat, poultry and dairy products. Read more…

Drought, record temperatures killing herds

Drought is killing thousands of cattle as well as crops, leading to a rise in food prices.

Cattle farmers in the Free State province are being forced to slaughter or sell their animals at give-away prices because the severe drought, which began in the summer of 2015, has scorched the grass they feed on.

‘‘Thousands of cattle have died. And farmers are now paying high prices for animal feed, making it difficult for farmers to substitute it for grass,’’ said Dr. Jack Armour, Free State’s Agriculture operational manager.

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Severe Drought Hits N. Korea

Posted by feww on June 17, 2015

‘Worst drought in 100 years’ parching paddy fields across the country

The worst drought in 100 years continues to damage crops and agricultural fields in N. Korea, said the State news agency KCNA.

At least 136,200 hectares of paddy fields, or about a third of the total, are drying up across the country, said the report.

“The granaries including North and South Hwanghae provinces and South Phyongan and South Hamgyong provinces have been badly damaged,” said the report.

“Drought dries up rice-seedlings in nearly 80 percent and 58 percent of paddy fields in South and North Hwanghae provinces.”

“According to the State Hydro-meteorological Administration, no rainfall has been witnessed in North and South Hwanghae provinces, added the report. “Water level of reservoirs stands at the lowest, while rivers and streams getting dry.”

In 2014, the country experienced its lowest rainfall in 30 years.

Up to 600,000 people, or 2.3% of the population, died as a result of North Korean famine between 1993 and 2000, according to a report.

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Record Drought Plagues Australia’s Queensland

Posted by feww on March 7, 2014

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENTS
RECORD DROUGHT
CROP DISASTERS
.

Back-to-Back Disasters Continue to Hit Australia as Forecast…

Australia’s Queensland is experiencing its worst drought on record, with about 80% of the state affected.

Rainfall deficits for the 17-month (October 2012 to February 2014) period

Serious to severe deficiencies (lowest 10% to 5% of records) remain in central Queensland and in an area inland of the Great Dividing Range extending from southern Queensland into northern New South Wales as well as in small areas around the Queensland–South Australian border (affecting the Northern Territory, South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland) and in eastern New South Wales, western Victoria and on the coast of Western Australia near Shark Bay.

Rainfall deficiencies for the 23-month (April 2012 to February 2014) period

Serious to severe deficiencies (lowest 10% to 5% of records) persist in areas of western and inland northern Queensland, a large area around the Queensland–South Australia border and smaller areas along the eastern border of South Australia, an area extending from inland southern Queensland through much of New South Wales inland of the coastal ranges and into northwestern and north-central Victoria. Deficiencies also persist in an area between Geraldton and Shark Bay on the west coast of Western Australia. [Source: Australia BOM]

australia drought
Rainfall deficiencies for the 23-month (April 2012 to February 2014) period. Source: Australia BOM.

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Severe Drought Forces Kosovo to Ration Water

Posted by feww on February 11, 2014

EXTREME CLIMATIC EVENT
SEVERE DROUGHT

.

Worst drought in decades strains Kosovo water supply

Authorities in Kosovo started rationing water to the capital Pristina and its suburbs on Monday amid worst drought in more than three decades, said reports.

The country’s reservoirs are at worrying levels due to abnormally low levels of precipitation, Reuters reported the state water company Prishtina as saying.

Prishtina supplies water to about 400,000 people, or a quarter of Kosovo’s population, said the report.

Jobless in Kosovo

Kosovo is one of the poorest countries in Europe. Up to 45% of the workforce in Kosovo are unemployed with only a fraction  of the 30,000 people entering the job market each year able to find work.

On Sunday Pristina police used tear gas to disperse hundreds of protesters at the country’s main public university.

Drought Links

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Shanghai Sets Yet Another Record High Temp.

Posted by feww on August 7, 2013

Shanghai issues a fifth red alert for heat, as city sets a new record high of 40.8ºC

Having experienced its hottest July on record, Shanghai set a record-high temperature of 40.6ºC on July 26. That record was broken today, when the mercury soared to a new high of 40.8ºC (105.5ºF), said  a report.

The city also set a new record for the number of consecutive hot days in July, with temperatures exceeding 38ºC for eight straight days.

The heat is expected to persist in Shanghai until Sunday, forecasters said.

The heat wave is reportedly the worst to hit China in 140 years, leaving scores of people dead.

Among the effects of the scorching summer heat has been a rise in demand for ambulances. “Ambulances are being dispatched 1,000 times a day, while on extremely hot days it’s more than 1,100 times,” said Shanghai Medical Emergency Center.

Severe Drought Continues to Spread in SW China

Meantime, a severe drought continues to spread across southwest China affecting at least 15.11 million people in one province alone.

Drought in southwest China’s Guizhou province, which began mid-June, has spread to 27 counties, leaving 13 areas severely affected, said the Guizhou Provincial Government.

Drought has affected tens of millions of people in southern, southwestern, eastern and central China, leaving millions of people and livestock short of drinking water, and damaging or destroying millions of hectares of crops.

Mining every last drop of water

mining every last drop of water
Original caption: Villagers search for water in a karst cave at Shimen Village of Songtao County, southwest China’s Guizhou Province, Aug. 6, 2013. A lingering drought has left about 2.25 million people short of drinking water in the province. (Xinhua/Ou Dongqu). More images…

mining every last drop of water -2
Original caption: Farmers prepare to dig a well on the dried riverbed in Shitingzi Township of Qidong County, central China’s Hunan Province, Aug. 1, 2013. As of July 31, lingering droughts have affected many parts in Hunan. Nearly 1.29 million people lack adequate supplies of drinking water, and a total of 786,000 hectares of farmland is damaged by the drought. (Xinhua/Long Hongtao). More images…

Farmers fear for crops as S. China drought drags on

china drought aug 2013
Original caption. Photo taken on Aug. 2, 2013 shows a dried corn in Baji Village of Zunyi County, southwest China’s Guizhou Province. Lingering droughts in Guizhou have affected more than 12 million people. Over 2 million people lack adequate supplies of drinking water, and a total of 12.7 million mu (about 847,300 hectares)of farmland is damaged by the drought. (Xinhua/Yang Ying). More images…

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Wildfires Destroy Oklahoma Town

Posted by feww on August 5, 2012

Raging wildfires burning small Oklahoman towns

Extreme drought and 19 days of triple-digit temperatures have sparked at least 15 large wildfires throughout Oklahoma, devastating communities, destroying scores of homes, shutting down highways and forcing thousands to evacuate.

  • Wildfires have left the small town of Luther (pop: ~ 600) smoldering.
  • The blazes have destroyed at least 130 structures in Creek County, west of Tulsa.
  • Authorities ordered evacuations in the towns of Mannford (pop: ~3,000) and Glencoe (pop: ~ 600).
  • Thousands of others are voluntarily abandoning their homes in Creek County as out-of-control wildfires continue spreading.
  • The temperature was expected to soar to 113 degrees (45°C), said the National Weather Service.
  • Oklahoma City tied its all-time record temperature of 113 degrees set in 1936 on Friday.
  • The worsening drought and soaring heat are responsible for numerous devastating wildfires  in Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Utah, Wyoming and elsewhere in the past couple of months.


Oklahoma Drought Map, July 31, 2012. Source: U.S. Drought Monitor

“Heartbreaking.”

Gov. Fallin, who toured the smoldering town of Luther on Saturday, called the devastation “heartbreaking.”

“A lot of people were at work and didn’t realize how quickly the fire was moving,” she told Reuters. “It’s emotional. For the children, it’s very emotional to lose their possessions.”

State of Emergency Declared

Gov. Fallin declared a state of emergency on Monday for all of Oklahoma’s 77 counties due to the threats caused by extreme heat and dry conditions that continue to affect the entire state.


Contiguous United States Precipitation- Week Ending August 3, 2012. Source: HPRCC

About 80 percent of Continental United States was Abnormally Dry or in Drought Condition (D0 – D4) during the week ending August 3, 2012.

Related Posts – Latest

Drought Disaster – Recent

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Extreme and Exceptional Drought Spread Across Midwest, South

Posted by feww on August 2, 2012

U.S. drought levels D3 and D4 increase to 22.27 percent

Nearly a quarter of the United States is experiencing Extreme (D3) to Exceptional (D4) drought levels, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor.

Nearly two-thirds of the continental U.S. remains in drought (D1 – D4).  The areas in Extreme (D3) to Exceptional (D4) drought levels have increased by about 2 percent since last week.


U.S. Drought Map as of July 31, 2012.  [NOTE: Some readers may find the map incomplete/inaccurate. Moderator]


Current U.S. Drought Monitor


Drought Comparison Maps for July 24 – 31, 2012.

Related Posts – Latest

Drought Disaster – Recent

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U.S. Disaster Areas Expand as Drought Deepens

Posted by feww on August 1, 2012

Disasters plague 1,584 counties across 32 states

USDA has designated an additional 218 counties across 12 states as primary natural disaster areas due to the deadly drought.

During the 2012 crop year, USDA has designated 1,584 unduplicated counties across 32 states as disaster areas—1,452 due to drought. Scores of additional bordering counties have also been designated as disaster areas because they are contiguous.

List of the states with the number of additional counties designated as primary disaster areas

  • Arkansas (2 counties)
  • Georgia  (6)
  • Illinois  (66 counties; 98 of the state’s 102 counties have now been declared  disaster areas)
  • Indiana  (2)
  • Iowa  (42 counties; Iowa and Illinois produce about a third of all U.S. corn and soybean crops).
  • Kansas (4)
  • Mississippi  (1)
  • Nebraska  (47 counties)
  • Oklahoma (12)
  • South Dakota (25)
  • Tennessee  (3)
  • Wyoming  (8)

‘Farming in Hell’


U.S. Max Temp Map.  for August 1, 2012. Source: NWS

U.S. Precipitation Map  (Weekly)


U.S. Precipitation Map for July 22 – 28, 2012. Source: USDA

Related Posts – Latest

Drought Disaster – Recent

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Disaster Declared in More Counties Across 11 States

Posted by feww on July 13, 2012

Severe frost and freeze in April, ongoing drought prompt agricultural disaster declarations across 11 states

Losses and damage caused to crops due to severe frost and freeze in April, as well as the ongoing drought across  most of the U.S. have prompted USDA to declare agricultural disaster areas in dozens of U.S. counties across 11 states.

  • Damage and losses caused by drought that began in April 2012 and continues prompted USDA to issue disaster declaration in
    • Arkansas:  30 counties
    • Missouri: 6 counties
  • Georgia. USDA has designated a total of 30 counties in Georgia as both primary and contiguous natural disaster areas in two separate declaration due to frost, freeze, hail and high winds that occurred in April and May 2012.
    • Six counties in North Carolina (4), South Carolina (1) and Tennessee (1), are also designated as disaster areas because they are contiguous.
  • Iowa. USDA has designated 43 counties in Iowa as both primary and contiguous natural disaster areas due to damages and losses caused by severe frosts and freezes that occurred April 6-30, 2012.
    • Nine counties in Illinois (4), Missouri (1), Nebraska (2) and Wisconsin (2) are also designated as disaster areas because they are contiguous.


Map of U.S. Hazards Outlook for July 20 – 26, 2012, showing persistent severe drought.

Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events

  • Japan: Extreme Rain Events.  Dozens are dead or missing on Kyushu island in western Japan, after extreme rain events, which began late Wednesday, spawned severe flooding and multiple landslides.
    •  A record 500 mm of rain fell over a 24-hour period on Aso, Kumamoto prefecture, while scores of homes in neighboring Minami-Aso were destroyed and many more damaged by landslides.
    • In Kyushu’s Kumamoto and neighboring Oita prefectures, hourly rainfalls of 106mm were recorded, Japan’s meteorological agency said, while warning of additional rainfall.
    • Up to 150,000 people in about 35,000 households were under mandatory evacuation orders.
  • Moscow, Russia. Freak storm pounded Moscow, flooding the the historic center of the Russian capital on Friday, said a report.
    • At least two people were killed after lightning struck them.
    • Further storms could strike throughout the weekend, meteorologist warned.


Black clouds spawned deadly lightning and massive rainstorm over Moscow.  Image by twitter user @OksanaGon4arov, via RT.

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Drought Disaster Declared in 26 States

Posted by feww on July 12, 2012

Half of the U.S. declared agricultural disaster area due to worsening drought

Drought conditions have sparked disaster declarations in more than 1,300 counties (1,016 primary, 278 contiguous) across the country, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reported.

U.S. drought has been intensified by the driest June in history and triple-digit temperatures on 10 out of 11 days recently.

  • As of last week, Moderate to Extreme drought conditions prevailed in 52.56 percent of the Midwest, and 68.39 percent of the South. Moderate to Exceptional drought conditions covered 73.87% of High Plains, 64.15% of the West and 35.46% of the Southeast.
  • The declaration covers 26 states across the country: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming and Hawaii.

Map of U.S. counties declared as agricultural disaster areas.

In addition to the 1,016 primary disaster areas, 278 other counties have been designated as contiguous disaster areas (see map above).

[NOTE: There are 3,033 organized county or county-equivalent governments in the U.S. Source:   U.S. Department of Commerce –Census Bureau]

U.S. Seasonal Drought Outlook (July 5 to September 30, 2012)

Corn Conditions

Thirty percent of the corn in the 18 states that produce most of the U.S. crop is now  in poor or very poor condition, up from 22% last week, USDA reported.

  • The amount of corn considered to be in excellent or good condition has dropped to 40 percent this week down from 48 percent last week.
  • Sixty percent or more of the crop has been rated poor to very poor in Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee.


Corn Condition – Selected States: Week Ending July 8, 2012. The 18 states planted 92% of 2011 acreage. Source: Crop Progress – Released July 9, 2012, by NASS/USDA.

For details of corn and soybean condition see Third of U.S. Corn in Poor or V. Poor Condition Posted on July 11, 2012

  • Kansas. A list of 82 Kansas counties that will be declared disaster areas is posted HERE.

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Deadly Fire Consumes 300 Filipino Homes

Posted by feww on August 27, 2010

Image of the Day:

Fire: A Major Mechanism of Collapse

An Early Dividend of Rising Global Temperatures


A deadly fire, which killed at least one person, consumed more than 300 homes in Navotas City, Philippines, Aug. 27, 2010.  (Xinhua/Rouelle Umali). Image may be subject to copyright. More images …

Argentina: Meanwhile, about 1,500 hectares of Calilegua National Park in northwestern were burnt out by a fire.

Italy: At least 3 dozen fires which have broken out in southern Italy since Saturday, are believed to have been caused by rising temperatures, reports say.

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Moscow heat breaks 130-year record

Posted by feww on July 27, 2010

Image of the Day:

Heat, Pollution

Smog-covered Moscow swelters in hottest day since records began 130 years ago, as temperatures reach 37.4 ºC (99.3 ºF)


People walk along Red Square, with St. Basil’s Cathedral seen through heavy smog caused by peat fires in out-of-city forests, in Moscow, July 26, 2010.
Credit: REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin. Image may be subject to copyright.

“The all-time record has been broken, we have never recorded a day this hot before,” said Gennady Yeliseyev, deputy head of Russia’s state weather agency. “The previous high of 36.8 degrees Celsius was recorded on August 7, 1920, he said.”  Reuters reported.

“The new record could be broken by Wednesday,” he added.

“Muscovites will have to inhale smoke for another two to two and a half months,” said Alexei Yaroshenko, head of the forest program at Greenpeace Russia. “He said the smoke could eclipse the worst smog registered in Moscow, in 1872 and 1837.”

Some 34 peat fires and 26 forest fires burning in the area surrounding Moscow, covering 59 hectares (145 acres), the emergencies ministry said, Reuters  reported .

As of  July 22, severe drought had destroyed crops over 100,000 square kilometers (38,600 square miles), an area larger than Portugal, the Agriculture Ministry said.

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Severe Drought Grips Southern Russia

Posted by feww on July 26, 2010

Volga region, a major wheat-growing area in Russia, plagued by persistent drought


Severe drought persisted in southern Russia in June and July 2010. “Low rainfall and hot temperatures damaged 32 percent of the country’s grain crops, said Russian Agriculture Minister, Yelena Skrynnik on July 23.” The above satellite vegetation index image, generated from data collected by MODIS on NASA’s Terra satellite, shows the extent of crop damage in southern Russia (world’s 4th largest wheat exporter).    “The vegetation index is a reflection of photosynthesis. The index is high in areas where plants are dense, with plenty of photosynthesizing leaves. The index is low when plants are thin or not present. This image is a vegetation index anomaly image that compares photosynthesis between June 26 and July 11, 2010, to average conditions observed in late June and early July between 2000 and 2009. Below-average plant growth is shown in brown, while average growth is cream-colored. If there had been above-average growth in the region, it would have been represented in green.” Image and quotes from NASA E/O.  Acquired June 26, 2010 – July 11, 2010. Click image to enlarge. Download large image (6 MB, JPEG).

See Also: World Sizzling in Hottest Year to Date

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Posted in drought and deluge, grain crops, russia drought, Volga region drought, wheat export | Tagged: , , , | 1 Comment »