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Earth is fighting to stay alive. Mass dieoffs, triggered by anthropogenic assault and fallout of planetary defense systems offsetting the impact, could begin anytime!

Posts Tagged ‘Staphylococcus aureus’

Suspected Meningococcal Kills in 2 Hours

Posted by feww on September 5, 2012

DISASTER CALENDAR SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,288 Days Left

[September 5, 2012] Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016. 

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,288 Days Left to the ‘Worst Day’ in Human History…

Global Disasters/ Significant Events

  • Wellington, New Zealand.  Suspected meningococcal disease in New Zealand killed a Wellington schoolgirl two hours after ‘plague-like’ rashes appeared on her body. Amanda Crook, aged 12, became ill on Monday. She developed a rash at 3:00pm and was pronounced dead by 5:00 pm, just two hours later, despite being vaccinated, reports said.
    • ”. . . the aftermath of what it did to her – that wasn’t my daughter. It was almost like she had been attacked by the plague, that’s how horrific it was,” her mother told media.
    • “You’d think there would be warning, but there was just nothing. Even once she got to hospital and got antibiotics, she was talking. We thought she was coming right. [Suddenly] her heart, I think, just gave in.”
    • “It’s like it just selects its victims. I feel like we are dealing with the grim reaper,” said her mother.
    • “She was immunised, that’s what I don’t understand. But they don’t always work and to me that’s not fair. I just keep thinking I’m going to wake up. I feel like someone is going to shake me awake.”


Amanda Crook-Barker, 12, died in under two hours after showing symptoms of  suspected meningococcal disease, despite being vaccinated. Photo: Supplied by victim’s family, via local media

Meningococcal disease is a severe bacterial infection of the bloodstream or meninges (a thin lining covering the brain and spinal cord) caused by the meningococcus bacteria.

The disease has a fatality rate of about 10 percent, if identified and treated immediately. The survivors,  however, can expect permanent damage including brain injury and limb amputation.

‘Five confirmed cases of meningococcal disease have been reported across the Auckland region in the past week,’ said a report.


Dr Jeannette Adu-Bobie, an expert on meningococcal vaccines, contracted meningitis while working in NZ govt. Wellington lab. and had both legs, left arm and the digits of her right hand amputated. Source:
Apartheid Fort New Zealand

Continued…

Related Links

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

GLOBAL WARNING

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

States of Emergency Declared in Flooded Ontario Towns

Posted by feww on May 29, 2012

Extensive flooding due to torrential rain prompts Ontario towns to declare states of emergency

The City of Thunder Bay, Conmee Township and the Municipality of Oliver Paipoonge in northwestern Ontario, Canada have declared states of emergency following severe flooding due to extreme rain events.

Flooding has forced the authorities to close down dozens of schools in Thunder Bay area, reports said.

Up to 108mm of rain have been recorded by the Lakehead Region Conservation Authority over the last 24 to 36 hours, with the  highest amounts logged in Thunder Bay and Oliver Paipoonge.

Other Global Disasters, Significant Events

  • New Zealand.  It’s been revealed that kiwifruit growers in New Zealand illegally inject their crops with the powerful antibiotic streptomycin to stop the spread of PSA bacteria.
    • The illegal use of streptomycin can create antibiotic-resistant bacteria, according to toxicology experts.
    • Streptomycin is a bactericidal antibiotic and was the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis (TB).
    • In 2009, New Zealand researchers revealed that cases of necrotizing fasciitis in“flesh-eating” disease had surged by 300 percent since 1990.
    • Since about 1999, another serious form of monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis,  the methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacterium has struck with increasing frequency.
    • See also: Superbugs Invasion Has Begun
  • Qatar. A large fire at a shopping mall in Doha, capital of the Saudi satellite state of Qatar, has killed at least 19 people, including 13 toddlers, and left more than 17 others injured, including 4 children.
    • The victims included Spanish, French, Filipino and two-year-old New Zealand triplets.
  • North Korea. A severe drought is threatening food shortages in North Korea, which has received little rain since late April.
  • Bologna, Italy.  A shallow earthquake measuring 5.8Mw struck Emilia Romagna region, 40 km (24 miles) NNW of Bologna, northern Italy, killing at least 10 people.
    • [Death toll is expected to rise because an unknown number of people are trapped under the rubble, police said.]
    • The quake was centered at 44.814°N, 11.079°E and struck at a depth of about 9.6 km (6 miles) on May 29, 2012 at 07:00 UTC, USGS/EHP reported.
    • The quake also caused structural damage, toppling a tower in San Felice sul Panaro, Italian media reported.
    • The quake was followed by at least three aftershocks, and the tremors were felt throughout northern Italy, including Milan, the financial capital.
    • The quake was the second significant shock to strike the region since May 20. The 6.0Mw quake earlier this month killed at least 7 people, injured dozens, destroyed hundreds of buildings and left about 5,000 people homeless.
    • See also: Italy Declares State of Emergency in EQ Zone Posted on May 23, 2012

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in global deluge, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2012, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Superbugs Invasion Has Begun

Posted by feww on May 19, 2012

Post-antibiotic era emerging

A wide range of infectious bacteria are evolving, which even the most potent medicines cannot treat.

The Super Superbug C. difficile

The deadliest superbug is the antibiotic-resistant bacterium, Clostridium difficile, which a new super superbug on the rise, killing three times as many people as MRSA.

C. difficile infections have increased since 2007, according to a report.

“During a 24-month period, there were 847 cases of C. difficile infections in the 28 hospitals and the rate of C. difficile infection was 25 percent higher than the rate of infection due to MRSA.”


Latest figures from the Health Protection Agency show there were 55,681 cases of Clostridium difficile infection reported in patients aged 65 years and above in England in 2006. (Source: SIMeL Italy)


The bacteria are naturally present in the intestine but kept under control by other bacteria. Antibiotics can kill some of these, allowing C.difficile to take hold. Image source and other images. Click image to enlarge.

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Staphylococcus Aureus

The best known SUPERBUG is the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA. About 2 percent of the population in the U.S.  carry an antibiotic-resistant strain of staph, the National Institutes of Health has reported.

MRSA was discovered in the United Kingdom in 1961, but it is now a global concern. MRSA (also known as CA-MRSA, community-acquired MRSA, and HA-MRSA, hospital-acquired MRSA) is a variation of a common bacterium, which has evolved as a “superbug” with the ability to resist treatment with antibiotics, including methicillin and penicillin.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), MRSA is responsible for 94,000 serious infections and nearly 19,000 deaths each year in the United States. [In comparison, the AIDS virus killed about 12,500 Americans  in 2005. ]

Necrotizing fasciitis

Necrotizing fasciitis is a complication of severe group A streptococcal infection (GAS) (Streptococci pyogenes), which could lead to additional complications resulting in shock, organ failure and death.

CDC has estimated that necrotizing fasciitis causes about 15,000 infections each year in the United States, resulting in up to 3,000 deaths. UNFORTUNATELY,  “intensive surveillance efforts for necrotizing fasciitis in the United States have not been conducted since 1991,” according to the Department of Health Services.

“It usually begins with a cut or maybe a major surgery or just some trauma we experience in our everyday life,” according to a doctor.

“Necrotizing fasciitis can spread through touch contact from person to person or if you touch something that is contaminated,” said the doctor, adding that up to 50% of people “have no known entrance point.” That is  the victim does not need an open sore to acquire the deadly bacteria.

NEW NT-MRSA Strains

The Emerging Infectious Diseases of U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discovered a new strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is responsible to more than 20 percent of all human MRSA infections in the Netherlands.

“Persons working or living in close contact with pigs or cows are at increased risk of becoming colonized and infected with MRSA. Infections can be severe, as is indicated by the hospital admission rate.”

According to other research MRSA was also prevalent in Canadian pigs and pig farmers. Full report

H041

H041 is a superbug strain of gonorrhea which was discovered by a Swedish researcher, Magnus Unemo, who received the samples from his colleagues in Kyoto, Japan.

The strain is said to be extremely resistant to all cephalosporin-class antibiotics—the only antibiotics still effective in treating gonorrhea.

He described the discovery as “alarming” and “predictable.”

“Since antibiotics became the standard treatment for gonorrhea in the 1940s, this bacterium has shown a remarkable capacity to develop resistance mechanisms to all drugs introduced to control it,” he said.

The fact that the new strain had been found in Japan also follows an alarming pattern, he told reporters.

“Japan has historically been the place for the first emergence and subsequent global spread of different types of resistance in gonorrhea [more than 600,000 new cases recorded annually,]” he said.

In the past few years trends of gonorrhea drug resistance have emerged in Australia, China, Hong Kong and other Asian countries.

The H041 “first emerged in Japan in 1999 and began spreading around the globe from there, arriving in California in 2008 and moving across to the East Coast by last year.”

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a common sexually-transmitted disease (STD), caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.


An electron micrograph of gonorrhea bacteria. Image courtesy http://women.webmd.com/slideshow-pelvic-pain-causes

Related Links

Other Superbugs on the Move

Tuberculosis (TB). The once cured by antibiotics, about 5 percent of the reported cases of TB [12 million cases reported in 2010, including 1.4 million fatalities] have become multidrug resistant, according to WHO.

The Food-borne Bugs: Escherichia Coli (E. coli) and Salmonella

“During the past decade, the emergence of drug-resistant E. coli has dramatically increased. As a consequence, the management of [urinary tract infections] UTIs, which was previously straightforward, has become more complicated; the risks for treatment failure are higher, and the cost of UTI  treatment is increasing,” said a report.

Hospital-borne pathogens: ESKAPE

The six hospital-bourne bacteria, Enterococcus, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and Enterobacter, are escaping antibiotics.

These pathogens are associated with vulnerable patients which acquire the infections from hospital equipment and surgical implants.

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in environment, Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global health catastrophe | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

“Flesh Eating Bacteria” Linked to NSAIDs

Posted by feww on September 19, 2009

Global Health Alert  Bulletin # 30 – New Zealand cases of “flesh-eating” disease have surged by 300 percent

Flesh Eating Bug is linked to Nurofen, and similar non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) medicine including Voltaren

Caution has also been issued on using ibuprofen in chickenpox!

Preoperative view (NF Patient)

NF NZ Med-Js
Areas of blistering and skin necrosis became evident 12 hours after patient was admitted to hospital with lower abdominal pain, swelling of the labia and erythema across the lower suprapubic area. Photo: The New Zealand Medical Journal.

Post debridement defect

NF NZ Med-J 02 sl
Post debridement (removal of infected tissues) photo. Image source: The New Zealand Medical Journal.


What is Necrotizing Fasciitis, NF  [commonly know as flesh-eating disease]

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), commonly called flesh-eating disease or flesh-eating bacteria, is an infection of the deeper layers of skin and subcutaneous tissues.

  • Type I infection is a polymicrobial infection.
  • Type II infection is  a monomicrobial infection.

Many types of bacteria can cause necrotizing fasciitis

  • Group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes)
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Vibrio vulnificus,
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Bacteroides fragilis

Historically, Group A streptococcus has been responsible for  most cases of Type II infections. However, since about 1999, another serious form of monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis,  the methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacterium has struck with increasing frequency.

What the bugs do!

“Flesh-eating bacteria” [they don’t actually eat flesh]  destroy skin and muscle tissue by releasing toxins (virulence factors), which include streptococcal pyogenic exotoxins.

Causes

  • Surgical procedures
  • IV infusions and IM injections
  • Minor insect bites
  • Superficial wounds
  • Local ischemia and hypoxia especially in patients with diabetes and cancer (and other systemic illnesses)
  • Up to 40 percent of the patients in various series were alcoholics
  • The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), such as Nurofen, Vultaren and Ibuprofen
  • Complications arising from varicella infections

NF Symptoms

  • Infection begins locally, at a site of trauma.
  • Infection may occur as the result of surgery, minor scratches, or even non-apparent.
  • Signs of inflammation may not be apparent if the bacteria are deep within the tissue, especially in the early stages,
  • Intense pain that may seem excessive given the external appearance of the skin.
  • As the disease progresses, tissue becomes swollen, often within hours.
  • Diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Signs of inflammation such as redness and swollen or hot skin show very quickly, unless infection is deep.
  • Skin color may progress to violet and blisters may form, with subsequent death of the subcutaneous tissues.
  • Fever and appearance of severe illness.
  • The infection will rapidly progress, and will eventually lead to death, unless treated.
  • Mortality rates are as high as 73 percent when left untreated.

Treatment

  • Aggressive surgical debridement (removal of infected tissue), which  is always necessary to keep the disease  from spreading, and is usually the only treatment available.
  • A combination of intravenous antibiotics including penicillin, vancomycin and clindamycin.
  • Hyperbaric oxygen treatment, when available, as  adjunctive therapy,
  • Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT, also known as vacuum assisted closure).
  • Amputation of the affected organ(s) .
  • Skin grafting to cover open wounds

MRSA

MRSA [Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus] was discovered in the United Kingdom in 1961, but it is now a global concern. MRSA (also known as CA-MRSA, community-acquired MRSA, and HA-MRSA, hospital-acquired MRSA) is a variation of a common bacterium, which has evolved as a “superbug” with the ability to resist treatment with antibiotics, including methicillin and penicillin.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), MRSA is responsible for 94,000 serious infections and nearly 19,000 deaths each year in the United States. [In comparison, the AIDS virus killed about 12,500 Americans  in 2005. ]

Causes

MRSA is a strain of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacteria. S. aureus is a common type of bacteria that normally live on the skin and sometimes in the nasal passages of healthy people. MRSA refers to S. aureus strains that do not respond to some of the antibiotics used to treat staph infections.

The bacteria can cause infection when they enter the body through a cut, sore, catheter, or breathing tube. The infection can be minor and local (for example, a pimple), or more serious (involving the heart, lung, blood, or bone).

Serious staph infections are more common in people with weak immune systems. This includes patients in hospitals and long-term care facilities and those receiving kidney dialysis.

MRSA infections are grouped into two types:

  • Healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) infections occur in people who are or have recently been in a hospital or other health-care facility. Those who have been hospitalized or had surgery within the past year are at increased risk. MRSA bacteria are responsible for a large percentage of hospital-acquired staph infections.
  • Community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) infections occur in otherwise healthy people who have not recently been in the hospital. The infections have occurred among athletes who share equipment or personal items (such as towels or razors) and children in daycare facilities. Members of the military and those who get tattoos are also at risk. The number of CA-MRSA cases is increasing.

MRSA Symptoms

Staph skin infections cause a red, swollen, and painful area on the skin. Other symptoms may include:

  • Drainage of pus or other fluids from the site
  • Fever
  • Skin abscess
  • Warmth around the infected area

Symptoms of a more serious staph infection may include:

  • Chest pain
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • General ill feeling (malaise)
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Rash
  • Shortness of breath

Related Links:

The above information was sourced from the CDC, MedLine Plus and other sources.

Posted in amputation, Group A Streptococcus, methicillin resistant, S. aureus, surgical debridement | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments »

Outbreak of Dangerous Group A Streptococcus Bacterium in NZ

Posted by feww on June 17, 2008

[New Zealand Death Syndrome (NZDS), Health Bulletin # 12. Outbreak of Dangerous Group A Streptococcus Bacterium, June 17, 2008]

Urgent Visitor Health Warning: Keep Your Kids OUT of New Zealand!

Health workers revealed an outbreak of group A streptococcus bacterium, which causes rheumatic fever and can lead arthritis and heart damage, had infected at least 32 children in Kaikohe, New Zealand.

Original Entry Blocked by Google:

Urgent Health Warning: Outbreak of Dangerous Group A Streptococcus Bacterium


Photomicrograph of Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, 675x Mag. A pus specimen, viewed using Pappenheim’s stain. Last century, infections by S. pyogenes claimed many lives especially since the organism was the most important cause of puerperal fever and scarlet fever. This media comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Public Health Image Library (PHIL), with identification number #2110.

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Previous Visitor Health Warnings for New Zealand:

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