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Posts Tagged ‘virulent disease’

Plague Epidemic Spreading at “Alarming Rate” in Madagascar

Posted by feww on October 23, 2017

70+ Percent of the reported cases are highly virulent pneumonic plague: Health officials

The deadly disease outbreak has hit Madagascar’s two biggest cities, Antananarivo and Toamasina, and it’s spreading at an “alarming rate,” health officials said

“Normally, people who catch the plague live in poor areas, but people in every place in society are catching the disease,” Madagascar’s director of health promotion said.

More than 1,150 cases have been confirmed since August, with a fatality rate of about 10%.

About 70 per cent of the reported cases are pneumonic plague, a more virulent form of the disease that spreads through the inhalation of respiratory droplets/small particles produced by an infected person.

“Plague can be a very severe disease in people, with a case-fatality ratio of 30% to 60% for the bubonic type, and is always fatal for the pneumonic kind when left untreated,” said WHO.

Outbreak of Marburg virus disease (MVD)

An outbreak of Marburg virus disease (MVD) that has appeared in eastern Uganda on the border with Kenya, according to WHO.

“At least one person is confirmed to have died of MVD and several hundred people may have been exposed to the virus at health facilities and at traditional burial ceremonies in Kween District, a mountainous area 300 kilometres northeast of Kampala.”

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Image of the Day: The Painful Good Bye!

Posted by feww on April 14, 2009

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) kills at least 50 babies in China with 115,000 more cases reported


A mother kisses her child who has a fatal form of hand, foot and mouth disease at a hospital in Hefei, Anhui province April 13, 2009. The disease has killed 50 children nationwide in the year to April 7, a Health Ministry official said, adding that a total of 115,000 cases have been reported, according to Xinhua News Agency. REUTERS/Stringer. Image may be subject to copyright.

Facts about hand, foot and mouth disease in China

  • China has reported a  sudden rise in HFMD among young children.
  • At least 50 deaths have been reported since January 2009.
  • Figures show the virus has struck earlier than normal and the numbers are likely to growin the peak season between May and July, Xinhua News Agency quoted Health Ministry officials as saying.
  • Health officials fear that the current strain is especially virulent.
  • The health ministry has recorded 115,000 cases since January 2009
  • Some 54,714 cases were reported in March alone, including 31 fatalities.
  • About 95 percent of the patients are children under age 5.
  • In 2008 at least 27,000 children were sickened by the virus, Xinhua reported with dozens killed  by May 2008 [The actual casualty figure is a state secret.]
  • The worst hit areas this year are rural areas in the provinces of   Anhui, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong and Zhejiang.
  • Symptoms of HFMD include fever, mouth sores and skin rashes with blisters.  It is spread by direct contact with mucus, throat discharges, saliva, fluid from blisters, or feces of infected people, and has an  incubation period of about seven days.
  • There are no known treatment or vaccine for HFMD, however most children recover from the disease without problems.
  • It is unrelated to the foot and mouth disease  (FMD), aka hoof-and-mouth disease that affects livestock

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