Fire Earth

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Posts Tagged ‘Volcano eruption’

FIRE-EARTH Volcano Alert: Mt. Merapi Erupts

Posted by feww on May 11, 2018

Phreatic eruption reported at Mt Merapi

Mount Merapi (Gunung Merapi, ‘Fire Mountain’ in Indonesian and Javanese), one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes, erupted Friday forcing nearby villagers to evacuate. The volcano ejected a column of ash and steam to a height of about 5.5km above the crater, forcing Adisutjipto Airport in Yogyakarta province to shut down.

  • Latest FORECASTS and ALERTS are available via FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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Two Volcanoes Erupt in Guatemala

Posted by feww on May 20, 2016

HPV, PYM

Volcan de Fuego and Santa Maria Volcano erupt


Santa Maria volcano explodes at Santiaguito Dome Complex, sending a column of ash about 4,500 meters into the air. (Photo Credit: Prensa Libre/Carlos Ventura)

The 3,771-meter high Santa Maria, is a massive active volcano located in the western highlands of Guatemala.

The VEI 6 eruption of Santa Maria in 1902 was the third largest eruption of the 20th century, following the 1912 Novarupta and 1991 Pinatubo eruptions.

Volcano of Fire: The volcano that never sleeps

The ash column from eruption at Volcán de Fuego [the “Volcano of Fire”] reached a height of about 5,500 meters above sea level, with “moderate” lava flow from the summit.


The volcano that never sleeps. A new round of activity began at Volcán de Fuego, exactly four years ago on May 19, 2012. Photo credit: Ana Patricia Orizaba

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Volcanoes Awakening Globally by Strong Seismicity

Posted by feww on April 19, 2016

ILT

Interesting times: 25 volcanoes firing

Popocatépetl volcano erupts again shooting ash 3km into the sky

The 5,426-meter stratovolcano, Mexico’s most active volcano, erupted overnight ejecting a large column of ash into the air and spewing lava.

The latest eruption forced the authorities to close Puebla airport, located east of the volcano, urging residents to wear masks and avoid inhaling volcanic ash.

About 25 million people live within a 100-kilometer radius of the active volcano.

Popocatépetl Volcano (“smoking mountain” in Aztec) is North America’s 2nd-highest volcano. The massive stratovolcano stands 5,450m high and lies about 65 kilometers (40 miles)  southeast of  Mexico City (19.023°N, 98.622°W) in the eastern segment of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt.

Latest Volcanic Eruptions/ Recent Activity [AZ]

  • Aso (Kyushu, Japan)
  • Cleveland (Alaska)
  • Kerinci (Indonesia)
  • Klyuchevskoy (C. Kamchatka, Russia)
  • Langila (New Britain – PNG)
  • Pavlof (Alaska)
  • Popocatepetl (Mexico)
  • Sangay (Ecuador)
  • Villarrica (Chile)

Ongoing Activity

  • Aira Kyushu (Japan)
  • Alaid (Kuril Islands, Russia)
  • Chirpoi (Kuril Islands, Russia)
  • Colima (Mexico)
  • Dukono (Halmahera, Indonesia)
  • Fuego (Guatemala)
  • Karymsky (E. Kamchatka,Russia)
  • Kilauea (Hawaii)
  • Masaya (Nicaragua)
  • Momotombo (Nicaragua)
  • Sheveluch (C. Kamchatka, Russia)
  • Sinabung (Indonesia)
  • Soputan (Sulawesi, Indonesia)
  • Telica (Nicaragua)
  • Tengger Caldera (E. Java, Indonesia)
  • Zhupanovsky (E. Kamchatka, Russia)

[Sources: AVO, HVO, USGS, CENAPRED, GVP and others.]

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Explosive Activity Continues at Sheveluch Volcano

Posted by feww on March 30, 2015

Sheveluch ejects a 10-km column of ash into air

Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team has posted the following report on its website:

Explosive-extrusive eruption of the volcano continues. Ash explosions up to 32,800 ft (10 km) a.s.l. could occur at any time. Ongoing activity could affect international and low-flying aircraft.

A growth of the lava dome continues (a viscous lava flow effuse on the northern its flank), fumarolic activity and an incandescence of the dome blocks and hot avalanches accompanies this process. Strong explosive events occurred on March 20, 22 and 25: ash clouds rose up to 7-10 km a.s.l. Satellite data showed: ash plumes drifted more 600 km to the north, east, and south-east and south of the volcano on March 20-22 and 25-26; a thermal anomaly was noting over the lava dome all week.
http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/kvert/volc.php?lang=en&name=Sheveluch

SHEVELUCH VOLCANO (CAVW #300270)
56.64 N, 161.32 E; Elevation 10,768 ft (3,283 m), the dome elevation ~8,200 ft (2,500 m)
Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Kamchatca Volcanoes
Real-time seismic data (from the Kamchatkan Branch of Geophysical Survey RAS: http:www.emsd.ru)

Aviation color codes:
SHEVELUCH, KARYMSKY, ZHUPANOVSKY: ORANGE
KLYUCHEVSKOY, BEZYMIANNY: YELLOW

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Turrialba Volcano Explodes Raining Ash on Costa Rica Capital

Posted by feww on March 13, 2015

Volcanic ash from Turrialba rains on Costa Rica capital San José

Volcanologists at the University of Costa Rica have reported at least four explosions at Turrialba Volcano starting Thursday local time.

Plumes of smoke, ash and volcanic gasses rose up to a height of about 1km above the crater’s summit, located some 50km  northeast of the capital San José.

Winds carried the ash and gasses from the volcano the capital, where it rained on cars and homes, restricting visibility and causing eye irritation, said local media.


Camera located in the crater of the Turrialba volcano, about 600 meters east of the active crater (looking west). The image is refreshed every 10 seconds. Source: Instituto Meteorológico Nacional.

“We have recommended the evacuation of people and small animals as a precautionary measure because the last explosion was very strong,” said a spokesman for the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Costa Rica (OBSIVORI).

The explosions follow two earthquakes which occurred near the Pacific coast of Costa Rica along the Middle America Trench, northwest of Fisher Seamount.

The larger of the two quakes measured magnitude 5.4Mw, and occurred at 10.603°N, 86.463°W, some 89km (55mi) W of Sardinal, Costa Rica, depth of 20.9km, at 16:23 UTC Wednesday.

Volcanic ash forced the closure of Costa Rica’s Juan Santamaría International Airport, said a report.

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Kilauea Lava Flow Could Affect Thousands on Hawaiʻi Island

Posted by feww on September 5, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARDS
STATE OF EMERGENCY PROCLAMATION
MASS EVACUATIONS
LOSS OF HABITAT
CROP DESTRUCTION
SCENARIOS 787, 444, 070, 047, 017, 07, 02
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Lava from Kilauea Volcano advancing 250 meters per day

Hawai‘i County Mayor has signed a state of emergency proclamation due to  the advancing lava flow in the Wao Kele O Puna area after the flow extended to less than 1.5km from the edge of the Ka‘ohe Homesteads subdivision, said the mayor’s office.

It’s believed that at least 8,211 people (based on 2010 Census) residing in the subdivision of Hawaiian Beaches are directly threatened by the lava flow. However, the number is unrepresentative of the present population since the District of Puna is the fastest growing population in the State, said the Mayor’s Proclamation.

“We are taking this step to ensure our residents have time to prepare their families, their pets, and their livestock for a safe and orderly evacuation from Ka‘ohe in the event the flow continues to advance,” said Mayor Kenoi.

No evacuation orders have yet been issued, said Hawaii County Civil Defense; however, the risk of lava flow affecting the  subdivision is increasing daily.

Kilauea Volcano Warning Issued by Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)

Thursday, September 4, 2014, 10:45 AM HST (2014-09-04 @ 20:45UTC)

Volcanic Activity Summary: On June 27, 2014, new vents opened on the northeast flank of the Pu‘u ‘O‘o cone that fed a narrow lava flow to the east-northeast. On August 18, the flow entered a ground crack, traveled underground for several days, then resurfaced to form a small lava pad. The sequence was repeated twice more over the following days with lava entering other cracks and reappearing farther downslope. In this way, the flow had advanced approximately 13.2 km (8.2 miles) from the vent, or to within 1.3 km (0.8 miles) of the eastern boundary of the Wao Kele o Puna Forest Reserve, by the afternoon of September 3. Overnight, lava did not appear to advance farther east within the crack system, but surface flows advanced about 100 m to the northeast. At the average rate of advancement of 250 m/day (820 ft/day) since July 10, we project that lava could reach the Kaohe Homesteads boundary within 5-7 days should lava resume advancing within the crack system.

Kaohe Homesteads is located between the Wao Kele o Puna Forest Reserve and the town of Pāhoa in the Puna District of the County of Hawai`i.

Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Recent Observations:
[Volcanic cloud height] SO2, low ash emissions continue from Kīlauea caldera, TFR in place.
[Other volcanic cloud information] none
[Lava flow/dome] June 27th Lava Flow continues to advance.

Hazard Analysis:
[Lava flow/dome] Lava Flow from Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō vent could advance to Kaohe Homesteads within a week.

Remarks: The Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō vent in the East Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano began erupting on January 3, 1983, and has continued erupting for more than 31 years, with the majority of lava flows advancing to the south. Over the past two years, lava flows have issued from the vent toward the northeast. The June 27th flow is the most recent of these flows and the first to threaten a residential area since 2010-2011.

June 27th lava flow front reemerges from ground crack, continues advancing eastward (HVO)


The June 27th lava flow remains active, with lava at the flow front issuing from a ground crack and advancing through thick forest, creating dense plumes of smoke. The farthest lava this afternoon was 13.2 km (8.2 miles) from the vent on Puʻu ʻŌʻō, and 1.3 km (0.8 miles) from the eastern boundary of the Wao Kele o Puna forest reserve. This forest reserve boundary is at the western boundary of Kaohe Homesteads subdivision, a portion of which is visible at the bottom of the photograph. (Source: HVO)


The surface flows at the front of the June 27th lava flow are fed by lava that is supplied through a lava tube that originates at the vent on Puʻu ʻŌʻō. This thermal image shows the lava tube close to Puʻu ʻŌʻō. Although the lava is several meters (yards) beneath the surface, it heats the surface sufficiently to be easily detected with thermal cameras. 

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Mass Evacuation Ordered after UBINAS Eruption

Posted by feww on April 18, 2014

VOLCANIC HAZARD
STATE OF EMERGENCY
MASS EVACUATIONS
.

Ubinas Volcano spews 3.2km-high plumes of toxic ash

Some 4,000 residents and more than 40,000 animals are being evacuated to a “safety zone” about  20km from Peru’s most active volcano.

Villagers are concerned for the health of their livestock, a major source of income. “In the district of Ubinas alone, there are an estimated 40,000 llamas and alpacas.” A significant percentage of these animals could be seriously affected by the silica ash, which  contaminates their grazing areas after each significant eruption, local sources have said.

The silica ash from the  eruption damages crops, polluting water sources, and threatening villagers and their livestock.

“The Ollanta Humala’s administration declared a state of emergency in nearby provinces, which will provide financial assistance for those affected by eruption of the Ubinas volcano, in southern Peru’s Arequipa region,” reported Andina news agency.

A major eruption in 2006 forced mass evacuations and killed livestock that consumed ash-contaminated fodder, said the report.

ubinas
Ubinas Volcano erupted multiple times in September 2013 after three years of dormancy. Image credit: ANDINA

The massive 5,670-meter volcano is located about 70 kilometers from the city of Arequipa (metro pop: ~ 1,260,000), and 1,250km south of the capital Lima, close to the country’s Pacific coast, about  230 km east of the Peru-Chile trench and about 150 km above the Benioff-Wadati plane, where the Nazca plate is subducting under the continental part of the South American Plate.

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Posted in environment, Global Disaster watch, Significant Event Imagery, significant events, volcanic event, volcanism, Volcano Hazard, Volcano Watch | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Pavlof Eruption Intensifies

Posted by feww on June 26, 2013

Alaska’s Pavlof Volcano ejects a plume 28,000 feet asl

Pavlof is erupting vigorously, exhibiting strongest seismic activity detected so far this year, characterized by intense, continuous tremor and intermittent explosions suggesting lava fountaining and ash production, Alaska Volcanoes Observatory (AVO) reported.

The wave of intense activity started late on Monday and continued into Tuesday, with trace ash fall reported in the community of King Cove about 30 miles southwest of the volcano.

AVO Daily Update  – Tuesday, June 25, 2013 @ 12:33 PM AKDT (Tuesday, June 25, 2013 @ 20:33 UTC)

PAVLOF VOLCANO (CAVW #1102-03-)
55°25’2″ N 161°53’37” W, Summit Elevation 8261 ft (2,518 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code:   ORANGE
In its daily briefing AVO said:

Vigorous eruptive activity indicated by a distinct increase in seismicity beginning around 6:50 UTC (22:50 AKDT) last evening is continuing. The level of seismicity for the past 11-12 hours has been the strongest seismic activity detected so far during the 2013 eruption of Pavlof Volcano. The seismicity is characterized by intense, continuous tremor and intermittent small explosions that are likely associated with lava fountaining and ash production.

  • A distinct plume extending to the west of the volcano rising as high 28,000 feet above sea level (a.s.l.) according to Satellite data and pilot reports.
  • Satellite imagery also show strong thermal signals at the volcano summit.
  • AVO received a report of trace ash fall on the community of King Cove about 30 miles southwest of the volcano on June 25, 2013.

pavlof 7jun2013
Pavlof volcano, as viewed from Cold Bay on June 7, 2013. Photo credit: Robert Sigurdson, via AVO.

At this level of unrest it is likely that lava fountaining and ash emission are occurring. Lava fountaining is likely producing spatter-fed lava flows that are descending the flanks of the volcano over ice and snow and could be producing substantial steam plumes. These plumes probably contain variable amounts of ash. At the level of unrest observed over the past 11-12 hours, the volcanic plume has not been particularly ash rich; however, this could change if the character of the eruption changes and it remains possible for more robust ash plumes to be generated at any time. AVO is monitoring the eruption closely and will issue further information as it becomes available.

Mount Pavlof, one of the most active volcanoes in the U.S.,  has been erupting since May 13, spewing ash and lava at a low intensity.


Index map showing the location of Pavlof and other Quaternary volcanoes on the Alaskan peninsula. Volcano(es): Alagogshak, Amak, Aniakchak, Basalt of Gertrude Creek, Black Peak, Chiginagak, Cone 3110, Cone 3601, Dana, Denison, Devils Desk, Douglas, Dutton, Fourpeaked, Frosty, Griggs, Iron Trig cone, Kaguyak, Katmai, Kejulik, Kialagvik, Knob 1000, Kukak, Kupreanof, Mageik, Martin, Novarupta, Pavlof, Pavlof Sister, Rainbow River cone, Steller, Stepovak Bay 1, Stepovak Bay 2, Stepovak Bay 3, Stepovak Bay 4, Trident, Ugashik-Peulik, Unnamed (near Ukinrek Maars), Veniaminof, Yantarni. Credit Janet Schaefer/AVO

Veniaminof Volcano Activity [Source: AVO]

Continued volcanic tremors  suggest that the Veniaminof Volcano is still erupting, said AVO. Recent satellite images  show elevated surface temperatures at the intracaldera cone; webcam images from Perryville show a light-colored plume rising above the rim of the intracaldera cone, some 8,200 feet a.s.l.

It is possible for activity at Veniaminof Volcano to increase above its current level at any time and more vigorous ash emissions may result. Sustained periods of volcanic tremor may correspond with continuous ash emission which may not be detected in satellite data, especially if ash plumes remain below 15,000 to 20,000 feet above sea level. Brief bursts of ash emission and small explosions with ash fall limited to areas on the flanks of the volcano are likely to occur while the volcano is at its current level of unrest. A larger explosive episode and associated ash emission is not expected at the current level of unrest; however, this remains possible and would be evident in seismic and satellite data.

Current Volcanic Activity [as of June 26, 2013]

Alaska 

Cleveland YELLOW ADVISORY
Pavlof  ORANGE  WATCH
Veniaminof ORANGE  WATCH

Kamchatka Peninsula

Gorely YELLOW
Karymsky ORANGE
Kizimen ORANGE
Tolbachik ORANGE
Bezymianny YELLOW
Sheveluch ORANGE

Kurile Islands

Chirinkotan YELLOW

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Rising Temperatures, Red Flag Warnings and Erupting Volcanoes

Posted by feww on May 18, 2013

Max Temp Forecast for Contiguous US – Sunday May 19, 2013

During the first 17 days of May some 21 maximum temperature records were broken and 8 others tied, according to National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

us max temps

US Weather Forecast: Significant Severe Weather Forecast in the Plains Saturday through Monday

The Storm Prediction Center is predicting a moderate risk of severe weather from western Oklahoma to southwest Nebraska today. Damaging winds, very large hail and significant tornadoes are all possible. Significant severe weather is also possible Sunday and Monday in the Plains. —NWS

Meantime, a Winter Storm Warning is in effect in parts of Alaska.

Red Flag Warning in 5 States

Red Flag Warnings are in effect in parts of five states—New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas—due to strong winds and critically low humidities, NWS reported.

Pavlof and Cleveland Volcanoes Continue Erupting

Pavlof Volcano – Friday, May 17, 2013 3:05 PM AKDT (Friday, May 17, 2013 23:05 UTC)

Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE
Continuous steam, ash, and gas clouds to as high as 20,000 ft. above sea level, carried downwind to the northeast, east, and southeast as much as 100 km…  Seismicity remains elevated with near continuous tremors recorded… “A light ashfall was reported the evening of May 14 in a mining camp 80 km northeast of the volcano,” AVO reported.

“Although the activity to date has been characterized by relatively low-energy lava fountaining and gas emission, more energetic explosions could occur without warning at any time that could place ash clouds above 20,000 ft.”

Cleveland Volcano – Friday, May 17, 2013 3:05 PM AKDT (Friday, May 17, 2013 23:05 UTC)

Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Cleveland Volcano’s continued activity over the past week is marked by energetic steam plumes and high surface temperatures, AVO reported. “Re-analysis of earlier images revealed that a small lava flow had breached the southeast rim of the summit crater and extended up to about 1.5 km down the flank.”

-O0O-

Other Global Disasters/ Significant Events

South China Flooding and Landslides, Leave 70 People Dead or Missing, Affect Millions

Severe flooding triggered by extreme rain events in southern China has left at least 55 people dead and 14 others missing.

  • Up to 400mm of rain since Tuesday has triggered widespread flooding affecting millions of people in 10 provinces across southern China.
  • Flooding has destroyed thousands of homes and tens of thousands of hectares of crops.

[China has 34 administrative divisions including 23 provinces, 4 municipalities, 5 autonomous regions, and 2 special administrative regions.]

-O0O-

DISASTER CALENDARMay 18, 2013  
SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN:
1,029 Days Left 

Mass die-offs resulting from human impact and the planetary response to the anthropogenic assault could occur by early 2016.

  • SYMBOLIC COUNTDOWN: 1,029 Days Left to ‘Worst Day’ in the brief Human  History
  • The countdown began on May 15, 2011 …

GLOBAL WARNINGS

Global Disasters: Links, Forecasts and Background

Posted in Global Disaster watch, global disasters, global disasters 2013, Significant Event Imagery, significant events, significant geophysical disturbances | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »