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Increase in global arms sales driven by demand in the Middle East and Asia –SIPRI

Posted by feww on February 20, 2017

United States, Russia, China, France and Germany responsible for 74 percent of global arms exports

Middle East: Between 2007–11 and 2012–16 arms imports by states in the Middle East rose by 86 per cent and accounted for 29 per cent of global imports in 2012–16, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

  • Saudi Arabia was the world’s second largest arms importer with an increase of 212 percent.
  • Arms imports by Qatar went up by 245 per cent. “Over the past five years, most states in the Middle East have turned primarily to the USA and Europe in their accelerated pursuit of advanced military capabilities, despite much lower oil prices.

Asia: Arms imports by states in Asia and Oceania increased by 7.7 percent and accounted for 43 percent of global imports in 2012–16.

  • India was the world’s largest importer of major arms, accounting for 13 percent of the global total.
  • India’s imports were far greater than those of its regional rivals China and Pakistan.
  • Imports by countries in South East Asia increased 6.2 percent.
  • Vietnam made a particularly large jump from being the 29th largest importer in 2007–11 to the 10th largest in 2012–16, with arms imports increasing by 202 per cent.

“While China is increasingly able to substitute arms imports with indigenous products, India remains dependent on weapons technology from many willing suppliers, including Russia, the USA, European states, Israel and South Korea.”

Arms exporters: United States

USA was the top arms exporter in 2012– 16, accounting for a one-third of global arms exports. “Its arms exports increased by 21 per cent compared with 2007–11.

  • Almost half of the US arms exports went to the Middle East.
  • US supplies major arms to at least 100 countries around the world—significantly more than any other supplier state.
  • Advanced strike aircraft with cruise missiles and other precision-guided munitions and the latest generation air and missile defense systems account for a significant share of US arms exports.
  • UK Government has also ignored calls to stop selling weapons to repressive regimes, including Saudi Arabia, which has been accused by UN bodies of potentially committing war crimes in its military operation in Yemen.

Britain is the second biggest arms dealer in the world

  • Two-thirds of UK weapons have been sold to Middle Eastern countries since 2010, said a report.
  • Britain has also sold arms to 39 of the 51 countries ranked “not free” on the Freedom House “Freedom in the world” report, and 22 of the 30 countries on the UK Government’s own human rights watch list.
  • Britain is now the second biggest arms dealer in the world, official government figures show – with two-thirds of the weapons fueling deadly conflicts in the Middle East.
  • The UK averaged second place in the global rankings on a rolling ten-year basis, making it Europe’s leading defense exporter in the period, said the UK Trade and Investment, a government body that promotes British exports overseas.
  • The Government has ignored calls to stop selling weapons to repressive regimes, including Saudi Arabia, which has been accused by UN bodies of potentially committing war crimes in its military operation in Yemen.

Russia accounted for a 23 percent of global exports. 70 percent of its arms exports went to four countries: India, Vietnam, China and Algeria.

China’s global arms exports almost doubled from 3.8 to 6.2 percent. It is now firmly a top-tier supplier, like France and Germany which accounted for 6 per cent and 5.6 per cent, respectively.

Other notable developments

  • Algeria was the largest arms importer in Africa.
  • The largest importers in sub-Saharan Africa—Nigeria, Sudan and Ethiopia—are all in conflict zones.
  • Colombia’s arms imports decreased by 19 percent, while Mexico’s arms imports grew by 184 percent.
  • Imports by states in Europe significantly decreased by 36 percent .
  • Imports by Azerbaijan were 20 times higher than those of Armenia in 2012–16.

The War Criminal
The war criminal Barack Obama “offered over $115 billion worth of weapons to Saudi Arabia in 42 separate deals, more than any U.S. administration in the history of the U.S.-Saudi relationship. The majority of this equipment is still in the pipeline, and could tie the United States to the Saudi military for years to come,” said a report.

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FIRE-EARTH Tectonics Forecast 000209 – 000220 UPDATE

Posted by feww on February 20, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Tectonics Forecast 000209 – 000220 UPDATE

  • Details of Forecast and current Update are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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How Human Evolution was Blocked

Posted by feww on February 19, 2017

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“Earth is about 6,000 years old”

[Prepared by affiliated scientists.]

  • Presentation is available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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Drought-Stricken Farmers Eating Termites in Kenya

Posted by feww on February 19, 2017

‘Humanitarian Catastrophe’ in Horn of Africa:

Debilitating drought destroys crop, sending food prices skyrocketing, and forcing millions of people and their dying animal to migrate.  

The Government of Kenya declared a national drought emergency on 10 February. The latest round of debilitating drought has affected 23 of 47 counties across the country. “The number of food insecure people more than doubled – from 1.3 million to 2.7 million. Some 357,285 children and pregnant and lactating mothers are acutely malnourished,” said UN OCHA.

Maize production in the coastal areas has decreased by 99 per cent compared to the long term average.

The rainfall deficit in the Horn of Africa has been particularly acute across Somalia, multiple parts of  Ethiopia,  Kenya, Uganda and South Sudan.

“According to the Nairobi-based International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (Icipe), a growing number of farmers in eastern and western Kenya are now harvesting and eating insects like termites to cope with prolonged drought.”

Situation Overview [UN OCHA]

  • The 2016 Deyr or short rains season (October to December) brought severely low levels of rainfall to the region.
  • The situation is worse than in 2010-11 in many ways.
  • The drought has had a major impact on water resources, including on river flow levels and the availability of water for human and livestock consumption.
  • Widespread crop failures have affected farming and agro-pastoral communities in most of Somalia, southwestern Ethiopia and northeastern Kenya, with food prices skyrocketing.
  • Livestock are becoming increasingly weak, contracting diseases and dying at alarming rates, with catastrophic consequences for pastoral communities.
  • Terms of trade are declining sharply for pastoralists, contributing to rising food insecurity and malnutrition.
  • Household production of milk and meat is low and the price of milk and other dairy products has skyrocketed.
  • 12.8 million people in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia face are severely food insecure and are in need of humanitarian assistance.
  • Approximately 600,000 children aged 6 to 59 months in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia will be in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017 and this number is expected to rise rapidly. In Somalia, 13 out of 27 rural and displaced groups have Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates above emergency (15 per cent) levels.
  • The drought and the associated reduced access to water and sanitation has the potential to further exacerbate ongoing disease outbreaks and create new ones. About 15 million people will not have access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2017.
  • Drought, economic shocks and conflict in the region have disrupted the education of approximately 6 million children in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia.
  • The drought has triggered movements of families in search of grazing land, water and work, increasing the risk of family separation and tensions among communities over scarce resources.
  • Repeated cycles of climatic shocks, coupled with insufficient recovery periods, have limited household and community coping mechanisms.

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: NCML

Posted by feww on February 19, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: NCML

  • Details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: California 5

Posted by feww on February 18, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: California 5

  • Details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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January Polar Ice Extents Smallest on Record

Posted by feww on February 18, 2017

January Third Warmest Recorded Globally

Arctic Sea Ice Extent. January sea ice extent was 8.6 percent below the 1981-2010 – the smallest January sea ice extent since satellite records began in 1979.

Antarctic Sea Ice Extent. January sea ice extent was 22.8 percent below the 1981-2010 – the smallest January sea ice extent on record.

Global Temperatures

The globally averaged temperature over land and ocean surfaces for January 2017 was 0.88°C (1.58°F) above the 20th century average of 12.0°C (53.6°F). This was the third highest January temperature in the 1880–2017 record, behind 2016 (highest) and 2007 (second highest).

Global land surface temperature was also third highest for the month of January at 1.54°C (2.77°F) above the 20th century average of 2.8°C (37.0°F).

For the oceans, the globally-averaged temperature departure of +0.65°C (+1.17°F) from the 20th century average was the second highest on record for January, behind 2016.

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for January 2017, published online February 2017, retrieved on February 18, 2017 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201701.

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Sinking Mexico City Faces Water Crisis

Posted by feww on February 17, 2017

Large parts of Mexico City sinking at rates of up to 23cm per year —Report

“Always short of water, Mexico City keeps drilling deeper for more, weakening the ancient clay lake beds on which the Aztecs first built much of the city, causing it to crumble even further.”

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/02/17/world/americas/mexico-city-sinking.html

Related Links

Drying Aquifers, Sinking Cities

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: PRTW

Posted by feww on February 17, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: PRTW

  • Details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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FIRE-EARTH Focus: Beyond Saudi Genocide in Yemen

Posted by feww on February 17, 2017

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You call this savagery humanity?

“Nearly 2.2 million Yemeni children are acutely malnourished, and an estimated 462,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition – almost a three-fold rise over 2014 levels.”

At least 10,000 people have been killed in Yemen and that 21 million are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to the UN.

[Prepared by FIRE-EARTH Science Team]

  • Details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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FIRE-EARTH Tectonics Forecast 000209 – 000217 UPDATE

Posted by feww on February 17, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Tectonics Forecast 000209 – 000217 UPDATE

  • Details of Forecast and current Update are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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Deadly H7N9 Avian Flu Epidemic Spreads across China

Posted by feww on February 16, 2017

More H7N9 human infections reported in China

Fatalities caused by H7N9 human infections have been reported in multiple provinces across China.

“Eight cities in east China’s Jiangxi Province reported a total of 28 human H7N9 avian flu cases, including seven fatalities, from Jan. 1 to Feb. 12 this year, the provincial health and family planning commission said Thursday,” said a report.

At least 192 infections, including 79 fatalities, were reported in 16 provinces in January, health authorities said.

Human infections of H7N9 avian flu strain was first reported in China in March 2013.

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FIRE-EARTH EE Alerts 000216

Posted by feww on February 16, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH EE Alerts 000216

  • Details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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UK Living in 18th Century

Posted by feww on February 15, 2017

Submitted by a reader

A third of UK lives on insufficient income: JRF

About a third of the UK population is living on an “inadequate” income, according to research by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF).

  • The number of individuals below MIS rose by four million (27%), from 15 million to 19 million (from 25 to 30% of the population), between 2008/9 and 2014/5.
  • At least 11 million people are living far short of MIS, up from 9.1 million, who have incomes below 75% of the standard and are at high risk of being in poverty.

[The Minimum Income Standard (MIS) is a benchmark of adequate income based on what the public think people need for a minimum acceptable living standard in the UK. This analysis monitors changes in the number of people in households with incomes below MIS, and the number below 75% of MIS, an indicator of poverty.]

  • Six million children, that is 45% of all children in Britain, are among the 19 million below the MIS.
  • Some 1.8 million pensioners, representing 14.6% of the age group, live below MIS.

A working couple with two young children, living in social housing, each need to earn £18,900 a year.

Weekly rental values for a private two- bedroom apartment: £345  (£1,495 per month, or US$1,860) – but that’s just on paper.

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‘Manchurian Candidates’ Invade The Executive Branch

Posted by feww on February 15, 2017

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NEW DIMENSIONS TO THE ‘MANCHURIAN’ COUP UNFOLDING

Domestic Enemies: Understanding the Manchurian Administration as Subset of Global Shadow Government

[Prepared by affiliated scientists.]

  • Presentation is available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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Oroville Dam: Probability of WCS

Posted by feww on February 14, 2017

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Catastrophic failure: Seismicity and fatigue

[Prepared by FIRE-EARTH Science Team.]

  • Report is available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: BBGD

Posted by feww on February 14, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: BBGD

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Quarter of Europe’s Orthoptera Driven to Extinction

Posted by feww on February 13, 2017

European Red List of Grasshoppers, Crickets and Bush-crickets

Nearly 26% of European  Orthoptera species  [and 28% of EU 28’s] are assessed as threatened, according to UCN Red List report on Orthoptera.

However, the exact proportion of threatened species is uncertain… the best estimate of the threatened share of Orthoptera species is thus 28.5% in Europe and 30.6% in the EU 28. Further research on DD species to clarify their status is therefore critical. A further 13.9% (149 species) and 13% (128 species) are considered Near Threatened in Europe and in the EU 28, respectively.

ghe-report

The Western Banded Grasshopper (Arcyptera brevipennis) has a disjunct distribution in south-western and south-eastern Europe and is found in steppe-like Mediterranean vegetation and rocky grassland or shrubland habitats. This Vulnerable species is threatenedby changes in the grazing regime (particularly by abandonment) and afforestation. ©Florin Rutschmann. IUCN Red List report on Orthoptera.

“By comparison, the best estimate of threatened species of those other groups that have been assessed comprehensively in Europe is 58% of freshwater molluscs, 40% of freshwater fishes, 23% of amphibians, 20% of reptiles, 17% of mammals, 16% of dragonflies, 13% of birds, 9% of butterflies and bees, 8% of aquatic plants and marine fishes and 2% of medicinal plants. Additional European Red Lists assessing a selection of species showed that 22% of terrestrial molluscs, 16% of crop wild relatives and 15% of saproxylic beetles are also threatened. No other groups have yet been assessed at the European level.

“Looking at the population trends of European Orthoptera species, 30.2% (325 species) have declining populations, 7.6% (82 species) are believed to be more or less stable and 3.2% (34 species) are increasing. However, the population trends for the majority of species (59%, 634 species) remain unknown.”

Download IUCN Red List report on Orthoptera

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: CBLV

Posted by feww on February 13, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Alert: CBLV

  • Details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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Mass Evacuation Ordered below Oroville Dam

Posted by feww on February 13, 2017

About 200,000 People Evacuated

Lake Oroville Dam, the tallest in the US, located 105 km north of Sacramento, N. California, is predicted to fail due to structural damage in the Oroville Auxiliary Spillway.

About 200,000 people [figure quoted by one official was 350,000 people] were ordered to evacuate from the areas below the Lake Oroville Dam on Sunday.

“Immediate evacuation from the low levels of Oroville and areas downstream is ordered. This is NOT A Drill. This is NOT A Drill. This in NOT A Drill,” reads a statement issued by the Butte County Sheriff’s office.

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Fat Emperor is Mentally Insane

Posted by feww on February 12, 2017

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Could Romans stop the deranged emperor from burning Rome?

Many Romans believed Emperor Nero (Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) started the Great Fire of Rome (64 AD) in order to clear land for his new palatial villa known as Domus Aurea (“Golden House”).

His building projects drove Rome to bankruptcy, which eventually forced him to commit suicide in 68 (the first Roman emperor to do so), after receiving (fake) news that he was about to be executed for treason.

Nero’s reign was associated with tyranny, debauchery and extravagance.

Other deranged Roman emperors include Caligula, Commodus and Tiberius.

[Prepared by Affiliated Scientists.]

  • Presentation is available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

Related Presentations:

 

 

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‘Catastrophic’ Fires Plague NSW, Australia

Posted by feww on February 12, 2017

Residents told to get out as multiple bushfires breach containment lines

There are reports of dozens of homes and other structures being destroyed, machinery and other agricultural assets being lost, and hundreds of farm animals perished in the raging fires.

“The NSW Rural Fire Service says people who live in bushland areas with catastrophic fire conditions need to leave their homes as blazes can become uncontrollable in minutes,” said a report.

“At 8pm [Sunday] there are 97 fires across the state, with 37 uncontained. 4 are at Emergency Warning & 2 at Watch & Act,” NWS RFS reported.

A 40,000-hectare fire has been burning since Saturday at Leadville near Dunedoo, east of Dubbo, reports said.

Warnings and Additional information are available from http://www.bom.gov.au/australia/warnings/

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You Call this Sewer a Democracy?

Posted by feww on February 11, 2017

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Why are the majority so powerless in this so-called democracy? Who’s really pulling the strings?

[Prepared by Affiliated Scientists.]

  • Presentation is available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

Related Presentations:

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FIRE-EARTH EW Alerts 000211

Posted by feww on February 11, 2017

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FIRE-EARTH Extreme Weather Alerts 000211

  • Details of Alerts are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

 

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Massive Radiation at Fukushima Reactor ‘Blinds’ Cleaner Robot

Posted by feww on February 11, 2017

Decommissioning of Nuclear Reactors at Fukushima a Pipe Dream?

TEPCO sent a remote-controlled cleaning robot inside the crippled reactor no. 2 at Fukushima nuclear plant, but was forced to withdraw it on Thursday before it could complete its mission because of camera damage most likely caused by high radiation levels of about 650 Sieverts per hour, according to the operator.

TEPCO managers insist that despite the dangerously high figures, radiation is contained inside the reactor unit and is not leaking out.

The operator has not yet established the exact location, condition and quantity of melted fuel and the nature of structural damage in the three stricken reactors.

Three reactors were critically damaged and suffered meltdown in March 2011, after a mega [KSFA] earthquake and tsunami hit the area.

  • Additional details are available from FIRE-EARTH PULSARS.

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