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Archive for the ‘japan earthquake’ Category

Strong Quake Strikes Near East Coast of Honshu, Japan

Posted by feww on March 14, 2012

6.9Mw earthquake strikes 235km S of Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Tsunami WARNING:

Tsunami waves of up to 20cm high reported earlier; all tsunami warnings have since been cancelled.

Magnitude: 6.9Mw
Region: Off East Coast of Honshu, Japan
Time: 2012-03-14 09:08:35.6 UTC
Epicenter: 144.96°E 40.98°N
Depth: 10 km
Status: Confirmed by a Seismologist
Source: GEOFON Extended Virtual Network (GEVN)


EARTHQUAKE Map. Source: GEOFON

NOTE: Quake magnitude reported as 6.8Mw by USGS


EARTHQUAKE Map. Source USGS

Distances (USGS)

  • 235 km (146 miles) S of Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 265 km (164 miles) SSE of Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 293 km (182 miles) E of Hachinohe, Honshu, Japan
  • 734 km (456 miles) NE of TOKYO, Japan

Aftershocks [UPDATED at 12:10 UTC ]

1. M6.1 centered 40.799°N, 144.770°E, Depth 9.5 km (5.9 miles); Wednesday, March 14, 2012 at 10:49:24 UTC

2. M5.7 centered 40.764°N, 144.830°E,  Depth 21.8 km (13.5 miles); Wednesday, March 14, 2012 at 10:57:41 UTC

3. M 5.4 centered  40.957°N, 144.793°E, Depth 22.2 km (13.8 miles); Wednesday, March 14, 2012 at 11:40:19 UTC

Related Links:

Posted in japan earthquake, japan earthquake map, Japan quakes | Tagged: | 2 Comments »

Significant Earthquakes Strike PRF

Posted by feww on May 6, 2011

LARGE SCALE TECTONICS LOOM

Earthquakes Strike Ryukyu Islands, East Honshu, Alaska Peninsula,  Guerrero Mexico, Sumatra Indonesia and Fiji Islands

  • Magnitude 5.6 – RYUKYU ISLANDS, JAPAN 2011 May 05 at 23:21:22 UTC [USGS]
  • Magnitude 6.2 – ALASKA PENINSULA 2011 May 05 at 16:57:38 UTC [GFZ Potsdam]
  • Magnitude 5.4 – SOUTH OF THE FIJI ISLANDS 2011 May 05 at 16:15:20 UTC
  • Magnitude 5.6 – ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA 2011 May 05 at 15:06:11 UTC[GFZ Potsdam]
  • Magnitude 6.1 – OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN 2011 May 05 at 14:58:21 UTC [USGS]
  • Magnitude 5.8 – ALASKA PENINSULA 2011 May 05 14:13:01 at UTC [USGS]
  • Magnitude 5.7 – GUERRERO, MEXICO  2011 May 05 13:24:06 at UTC [USGS]
  • Magnitude 5.6 – SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA 2011 May 04 at 17:38:37 UTC [USGS]
  • Magnitude 5.6 – FIJI REGION 2011 May 04 at 16:13:28 UTC [USGS]

Related Links

Global Disasters


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Japan nuclear disaster to last nine more months

Posted by feww on April 17, 2011

NEW LEAKS MAY BE RAISING RADIATION in SEA

Nuclear disaster at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant may continue for another nine months: TEPCO

Tokyo Electric Power Company, the operator of Japan’s stricken nuclear power plant Fukushima Dai-ichi says it planned to reduce radiation leaks in 3 months and to cool the reactors within another six months, NHK reported. 

“This is the biggest crisis since the founding of our company,” TEPCO Chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata said at a a news conference.

“Getting the nuclear plant under control, and the financial problems associated with that.” He added

“How we can overcome these problems is a difficult matter.”

The conference was broadcast by NHK amid reports that radiation levels in the seawater near Reactor 2 had risen to 6,500 times the legal limit on Friday, about 6 times higher than Thursday’s reading. TEPCO fears that the rise may be due to new leaks.

On April 12, Japanese authorities raised the measure of severity of the Fukushima NPP disaster to the maximum level of 7 on INES. (See below for details.)

The International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES)

The INES, a logarithmic scale, which was introduced in 1990 by the IAEA to enable prompt communication, classifies the intensity of nuclear incidents as follows:

7 – Major Accident [Chernobyl disaster, criticality accident, April 1986]

6 – Serious Accident [e.g., Kyshtym incident, Mayak, former Soviet Union, steam explosion released up to 80 tons of highly radioactive material into the atmosphere, September 1957. ]

5 – Accident With Wider Consequences [e.g., Three Mile Island accident  Pen State, U.S., partial meltdown release radioactive gases  into the environment, March 1979.]

4 – Accident With Local Consequences [e.g., Sellafield, UK, at least 5 incidents reported between 1955 to 1979]

3 – Serious Incident [e.g., Vandellos NPP, Spain, fire destroyed control systems; the reactor was shut down, July1989]

2 – Incident [e.g., Forsmark NPP, Sweden, a backup generator failed, July 2006]

1 – Anomaly [e.g., TNPC, France, 1,600 gallons of water containing 75 kilograms (170 lb) of uranium leaked into the environment,  July 2008]

0 – Deviation (No Safety Significance) [e.g., Atucha, Argentina - Reactor shutdown caused by tritium increase in reactor encasement, December 2006.]

Probability of a Nuclear Disaster by Country

THIS SECTION HAS BEEN REVISED AND POSTED AT

Probability of a Nuclear Disaster – by Country

on April 18, 2011

Notes:

  1. The list represents a snapshot of events at the time of calculating the probabilities. Any forecast posted  here is subject to numerous variable factors.
  2. Figures in the bracket represent the probability of an incident occurring out of 1,000; the forecast duration is valid for the next 50  months.
  3. Probability includes a significant worsening of Fukushima nuclear disaster, and future quakes forecast for Japan.
  4. A nuclear incident is defined as a level 5 (Accident With Wider Consequences), or worse, on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES). See below.
  5. Safety issues considered in compiling these lists include the age, number of units and capacity of nuclear reactors in each country/state, previous incidents, probability of damage from human-enhanced natural disasters, e.g., earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, hurricanes, tornadoes, storms, wildfires, flooding… ]
  6. The  Blog’s knowledge concerning the extent to which the factors described in (3) might worsen during the forecast period greatly influences the forecast.

Japan’s Triple Disaster: Human Cost

  • Official Death Toll: ~ 14,000
  • Missing:  ~ 14,000
  • Homeless: At least 155,000
  • Others: In addition to the above, an unknown number of people in remote areas may have perished, but no records are available as of posting.

Related Links

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M7.4 Quake Strikes Near E Coast of Honshu

Posted by feww on April 7, 2011

Mega Quake May Follow

Powerful 7.4Mw Strikes  66 km East of Sendai, Honshu

JMA has issued a tsunami warning, but it isn’t for a major tsunami

Earthquake Details (issued by Japan Meteorological Agency)

Issued at 23:36 JST 07 Apr 2011

Occurred at (JST)

Latitude
(degree)

Longitude
(degree)

Depth

Magnitude

Region Name

23:32 JST 07 Apr 2011 38.2N 142.0E

40 km

7.4

Miyagi-ken Oki

Tsunami Information NUMBER 2
(High Tide Time and Estimated Tsunami Arrival Time at each place)

Issued at 23:35 JST 07 Apr 2011

High Tide Time and Esti

mated Tsunami Arrival Time at each place
Exercise extreme caution if a tsunami arrives at high tide, as this boosts the height of waves.

Tsunami Forecast Region/
Tsunami Observation Site
High Tide Time Estimated Tsunami
Arrival Time
<Tsunami Warning (Tsunami)>
MIYAGI PREF. (*1)
Ishinomaki-shi Ayukawa 05:08 JST 08 Apr 23:40 JST 07 Apr
Sendai-ko 05:13 JST 08 Apr 00:10 JST 08 Apr
<Tsunami Advisory>
PACIFIC COAST OF AOMORI PREF. 00:20 JST 08 Apr
Hachinohe 04:52 JST 08 Apr 00:40 JST 08 Apr
Mutsu-shi Sekinehama 04:50 JST 08 Apr 00:50 JST 08 Apr
Mutsuogawara-ko 04:50 JST 08 Apr 00:30 JST 08 Apr
IWATE PREF. (*1)
Miyako 04:54 JST 08 Apr 00:00 JST 08 Apr
Ofunato 05:01 JST 08 Apr 23:50 JST 07 Apr
Kamaishi 05:03 JST 08 Apr 00:00 JST 08 Apr
Kuji-ko 04:54 JST 08 Apr 00:20 JST 08 Apr
FUKUSHIMA PREF. 23:50 JST 07 Apr
Iwaki-shi Onahama 05:28 JST 08 Apr 00:20 JST 08 Apr
Soma 05:19 JST 08 Apr 00:20 JST 08 Apr
IBARAKI PREF. 00:20 JST 08 Apr
Oarai 05:25 JST 08 Apr 00:30 JST 08 Apr
Kamisu-shi Kashima-ko 05:35 JST 08 Apr 00:30 JST 08 Apr

*1 mark: Arrival of tsunami inferred.

Tsunami Warnings and/or Advisories are in currently effect for the following coastal regions of Japan:
Tsunami Warning (Tsunami)
MIYAGI PREF.
<Tsunami Advisory>
PACIFIC COAST OF AOMORI PREF.
IWATE PREF.
FUKUSHIMA PREF.
IBARAKI PREF.
Although there may be slight sea-level changes in coastal regions other than the above, no tsunami damage is expected in those coastal regions.

Earthquake Information
Occurred at 23:32 JST 07 Apr 2011
Region name MIYAGI-KEN OKI
Latitude 38.2N
Longitude 142.0E
Depth about 40 km
Magnitude 7.4

Related Links

Links to Forecasts

March 16, 2011

Global Disaster Forecast – 16 Mar 2011

TOKYO AREA QUAKE WARNING
Large Earthquake Could Strike Tokyo Area – Megaqauke measuring up to 9.2Mw could strike Tokyo / Chiba Area:  FIRE-EARTH Forecast

March 13, 2011

FIRE-EARTH Forecasts: Japan Earthquakes
Japan Earthquakes: A Summary of Forecasts by FIRE-EARTH Blog

Posted in environment, japan earthquake, Japan earthquake forecast, Japan Earthquakes 2011, Japan quake, Japan tsunami | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Update – March 30

Posted by feww on March 30, 2011

Radiation Rises in Seawater near Fukushima NPP

Radioactive iodine was detected at 3,355 times the legal limit in seawater some 330 meters south of Japan doomed Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, said Japan’s nuclear safety agency.

Iodine 131 is believed to have caused the high incidence of thyroid cancer among children living near the Chernobyl plant when the 1986 nuclear disaster occurred.

Highly radioactive water has inundated at least 3 reactor buildings and is also  found elsewhere at the stricken nuclear plant.

Half-life of some radioactive elements

[NOTE: Half-life is the time taken for a radioactive substance to decay by half.]

  • Cesium-134 ~ 2  years
  • Cesium-137 ~ 30 years
  • Iodine-131 ~ 8 days
  • Plutonium-239 ~ 24,200 years
  • Ruthenium-103 ~ 39 days [Ruthenium is a fission product of uranium-235.]
  • Ruthenium-106 ~ 374 days
  • Strontium-90 ~ 28.85 years  [Strontium-90 is a product of nuclear fission and is found in large amounts in spent nuclear fuel and in radioactive waste from nuclear reactors.]
  • Uranium-234 ~  246,000 years
  • Uranium-235 ~ 703.8  million years
  • Uranium-238  ~ 4.468 billion years

Source: Various

TEPCO UPDATE

The most ridiculous news out of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO): Chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata has told reporters that he thinks Fukushima Reactors 1 to 4 MAY HAVE TO BE SHUT DOWN PERMANENTLY!

[REALLY?]

Also, is he implying that Reactor 5 and 6, or any part of the Fukushima Dai-ichi for that matter, are still safe?

Death Toll

The number of people dead or missing from the megaquake and tsunami on March 11 stands at about 28,000 people.

Aftershock

Meanwhile another strong aftershock measuring 6.0Mw struck off the east coast of Honshu about 246 km (152 miles) ENE of Tokyo, USGS/EHP reported.

Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) had not reported this quake, as of posting.

Related Links

Posted in japan earthquake, Japan earthquake forecast, japan earthquake map, Japan Earthquakes 2011 | Tagged: , , , , , | 2 Comments »

Japan Nuclear Emergency – Update 28 March

Posted by feww on March 28, 2011

Fukushima Nuclear Disaster

Japan’s nuclear watchdog has reported that the level of radiation detected  near reactor 2 was 1,000 millisieverts an hour (100,000 millirems per hour).

Japan’s nuclear safety officials have since confirmed that the radiation inside Reactor 2 was caused by a partial meltdown of fuel rods.

TEPCO says the radiation in Reactor 2, which was earlier reported at 10 million times the normal, was actually 100,000 the operating level.

Meanwhile, Japan’s nuclear safety agency has dismissed as unreliable a report by Greenpeace that radiation levels of up to 10 microsieverts per hour had been detected 40 km (25 miles) NW of the nuclear plant.


Fukushima NPP. Workers are seen outside the heavily damaged Reactor 4 on March 22, 2011. Photo by TEPCO, via Reuters.

What is a lethal dose of radiation from a single Exposure?

Studies of the 1945 atomic bombing at Hiroshima and Nagasaki show that 100 percent of victims whose bodies were exposed to 600,000 millirems (6,000 mSv) died from radiation. About 50 percent of victims who received  450,000 millirems (4,500 mSv) of radiation also died.

(Note: Rem is a unit of ionizing radiation equal to the amount that produces the same damage to humans as one roentgen of high-voltage x-rays.  Source: MIT)

1 rem = 10 mSv  (1 Sv = 100 rem)

Background Radiation in millirems per year (mrem/yr)

  • Average background radiation (US):  300
  • Higher altitudes (eg. Denver): 400

“Safe Levels” of Radiation (U.S.)

Limits above natural background radiation levels (average 300 millirems per year) and medical radiation:

  • Occupation Limit: Maximum of 5,000  (the limit for a worker using radiation)
  • Average Natural Background: 300

[Note: Lifetime cumulative exposure should be limited to a person's age multiplied by 1,000 millirems, e.g., a 70-year-old person, 70,000 millirems.]

Adults

  • Max single dose for an adult: 3,000
  • Annual total dose: 5,000

Under 18

  • Max single dose for a person aged under 18 years: 300 millirems (whole body equivalent)
  • Annual total exposure: 500

Fetal Exposure

  • Maximum limit for fetal exposure during gestation period:  50 millirems per month above background levels

Medical

  • Single Chest X-ray (the whole body equivalent): 2 millirem

Air Travel

  • Coast-to-coast US round trip flight: 12 millirems

Megaquake and Tsunami Death Toll

The latest figures released by the authorities put the number of dead at just over 11,000, with about 17,400 people still listed as missing.

Related Links

Posted in Japan Atomic Energy Agency, japan earthquake, Japan Earthquakes 2011, lethal radiation dose | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Japan’s Nuclear Crisis: Worst of its Triple Disasters

Posted by feww on March 27, 2011

Submitted by a reader, with additional materials added by FIRE-EARTH

Fukushima Nuclear Disaster, the Third of Japan’s Triple Disasters, Could Prove to Be its Worst

Potentially deadly levels of radiation have been detected in water at the earthquake-and-tsunami-stricken Fukushima NPP.


Fukushima NPP 1. (L-R) Reactors 1 to 4. Image dated March 18, 2011. Credit: Digital Globe.

The amount of radioactive iodine detected in water at Reactor 2 was more than 1,000 millisieverts an hour, or 10 million times higher than when reactor operates normally, said the plant operator TEPCO.

The IAEA boss, Yukiya Amano, has warned that the nuclear crisis could continue for many weeks, even months. “This is a very serious accident by all standards,” NY Times quoted him as saying.

Radioactivity in seawater near the plant jumped to 1,850 times the normal up from 1,250 on Saturday, said Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency.

Fukushima Disaster: Will it Become Much Worse than Chernobyl?

The Chernobyl nuclear plant reactor was destroyed when two explosions blew away its roof exposing the core on April 26, 1986. A large plume of radioactive materials escaped into the atmosphere covering large regions in the former Soviet Union, Europe and across much of the Northern Hemisphere.


Ukrainian city of Chernobyl had managed to live for 793 years… that is until the Chernobyl nuclear power plant underwent a core meltdown on April 26, 1986 at about 1:00am local time. This image was taken by authorities in the former Soviet Union


Birth defects and cancer were the norm for many years following the Chernobyl disaster.  By the time  residents of Pripyat, a town located near the plant, were ordered to evacuate, about two days after the Chernobyl core meltdown had occurred, many had already been exposed to varying doses of radiation poisoning.

Fukushima NPP is said to contain about 4,277 tons of nuclear fuel, about 24 times as much as Chernobyl (~ 180 tons).

“The Fukushima Dai-ichi site has a considerable number of fuel rods on hand, according to information provided Thursday by Toyko Electric Power Co., which owns the atomic complex: There are 3,400 tons of fuel in seven spent fuel pools within the six-reactor plant, including one joint pool storing very old fuel from units 3 and 4. There are 877 tons in five of the reactor cores. Officials have said that the fuel in Unit 4′s reactor vessel was transferred to its spent fuel pool when the unit was temporarily shut in November.” AP reported.

The Incident: A meltdown of the reactor’s core in the Chernobyl power plant killed thirty people in 1986. About 135,000 people were evacuated. It is believed that about one hundred times more radiation was released in the accident than by the atom bombs dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.

Legacy: More than 4000 cases of thyroid cancer were diagnosed among children and adolescents between 1992 to 2002 in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Victims under 14 years were most severely affected by the elevated concentrations of radioiodine found in milk.

Incidents of skin lesions, respiratory ailments, infertility and birth defects were readily found among the more than five million people who inhabit the affected areas of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine for many years following the accident.

The Poisoned land. Up to 5 million people continue to live on radioactive contaminated land. About 85% of the children who live in contaminated areas of Belarus today are ill, a near 6-fold increase compared to the time before the explosion (15%), according to The Belarusian National Academy of Sciences.

Disputed Facts: The above facts, however, have been disputed by a number of individuals including the author of a recent WHO report, and the retired “nukophile” British academic, James Lovelack. Local and international experts, however, have dismissed the WHO report findings. A UN report released in 2005 estimated the number of victims at just 4,000. Their figure is hotly disputed  by NGOs and independent experts.

“A report by Alexey Yablokov, Vassily Nesterenko and Alexey Nesterenko which appeared in the Annals of the New York Academy of Science showed that by 2004, there were 985,000 additional deaths worldwide caused by the nuclear disaster, including 212,000 of them within Western Russia, Belarus and Ukraine.”

Chernobyl fallout covers the entire Northern Hemisphere

Consequences of the Catastrophe. Authors  Alexey Yablokov (Center for Russian Environmental Policy in Moscow), Vassily Nesterenko and Alexey Nesterenko ( Institute of Radiation Safety, Minsk, Belarus) studies about 5,000 reports and scientific  papers mostly published in Slavic languages and compiled their finding in the  book “Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment,” which was published last year on the 24th anniversary of the Chernobyl reactor core meltdown.

“For the past 23 years, it has been clear that there is a danger greater than nuclear weapons concealed within nuclear power. Emissions from this one reactor exceeded a hundred-fold the radioactive contamination of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.” They wrote.

“No citizen of any country can be assured that he or she can be protected from radioactive contamination. One nuclear reactor can pollute half the globe,” the authors said. “Chernobyl fallout covers the entire Northern Hemisphere.”

According to the book, a total of about 830,000 people, referred to as the “liquidators,” were responsible for various emergency works at the Chernobyl site including fire extinguishing, decontamination and cleanup.

The authors say between 112,000 and 125,000 of the  liquidators had died by 2005.  The authors also estimate that between 1986 and 2004 some 985,000 people died as a result of Chernobyl fallout {2011 estimates are well over a million deaths.]

“Official discussions from the International Atomic Energy Agency and associated United Nations’ agencies (e.g. the Chernobyl Forum reports) have largely downplayed or ignored many of the findings reported in the Eastern European scientific literature and consequently have erred by not including these assessments.” The authors said last year.

Chernobyl and Other Nuclear Stats

  • More than 95% of the radioactive material (180 metric tons with a radioactivity of about 18 million curies) still remains inside the Chernobyl reactor.
  • The  core meltdown at Chernobyl was said to have released radiation estimated at 50 million curies. Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations said in 1995 that the meltdown had released about 140 million curies. [Researchers Alexey Yablokov, Vassily Nesterenko and Alexey Nesterenko say the radiation released from Chernobyl may have been up to 10 billion curies. In comparison, the Hiroshima bomb released about 3 million curies.]
  • Immediately after the accident, 237 people suffered from acute radiation sickness, and 31 died within the first 90 days of the disaster.
  • About 135,000 people were evacuated from the area surrounding the plant, including 50,000 from the town of Pripyat.
  • The Academy’s  estimate for the number of casualties  are more than 90,000 deaths and more than a quarter of a million cancer cases.
  • The Ukrainian National Commission for Radiation Protection calculates the number of radiation casualties at half a million  deaths so far.
  • In a book published by the New York Academy of Sciences last year on the 24th anniversary of the reactor core meltdown, the researchers maintain that about one million people have died from exposure to radiation released by the Chernobyl reactor so far [as of 2010.]
  • “In the former Soviet Union at least 9 million people have been effected by the accident; 2.5 million in Belarus; 3.5 million in Ukraine; and 3 million in Russia. In total over 160 000 Km2 are contaminated in the three republics.” source
  • Some 441 commercial nuclear power reactors are  operating in 31 countries ( total capacity of 376 gigawatts) each of which is potentially as lethal as Chernobyl, if not worse. [This item, updated here, was written before the Fukushima nuclear disaster began unfolding.]
  • An estimated 56 countries operate more than 250 research reactors.
  • At least 220 nuclear reactors power military ships and submarines.

Related Links:

References:

Posted in fukushima nuclear disaster, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, japan earthquake, Japan Nuclear alert | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

M6.2 aftershock strikes off the coast of Myagi

Posted by feww on March 25, 2011

Strong Shock Strikes 107 km (66 miles) ENE of Sendai, Honshu, Japan

EQ Details
Region: Near East Coast of Honshu, Japan
Time: 2011-03-25 11:36:25.4 UTC
Magnitude: 6.2 Mw
Epicenter: 141.99°E 38.74°N
Depth: 46 km
Status: M – manually revised
Source: GFZ Potsdam – Earthquake Bulletin

Related Links

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10,000 times the normal radiation at Fukushima R3

Posted by feww on March 25, 2011

Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Continues to Unfold

Dangerously high radiation levels detected in water at Reactor 3: TEPCO

Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) says it has detected dangerously high radiation levels of radiation at Fukushima NPP Reactor 3, which could mean the core has been damaged.

Japanese government says it’s doing all it can to establish the cause of radiation leak at the stricken nuclear complex, and have asked residents living within 20-30km (12-18 miles) of the nuclear plant to leave voluntarily. Until today, residents had been asked to stay indoors.

Two workers at the nuclear facility who were exposed to dangerous levels of radiation remain in hospital. Apparently they had not been wearing protective boots and had ignored a radiation alarm, according to Kyodo news agency.

“As of 24 March, 19:30 Japan time, the number of workers at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant found to have received more than 100 millisieverts of radiation dose totalled 17 including the three contract workers. The remaining fourteen are TEPCO’s employees.” IAEA said.

Meanwhile, two Japanese tourists from Tokyo who arrived in China were taken to a hospital after being found contaminated with high radiation levels, Xinhuanet said.

Mystery surrounds the case as to how the two men became contaminated as neither of them had been within 240km radius of the Fukushima NPP, BBC said.

This news came amid an earlier report that  higher than normal radiation had been detected on a Japanese merchant ship entering the Xiamen port in Fujian province, Xinhua news reported.

Japanese Government has confirmed that levels of radioactive iodine detected in Tokyo’s tap water earlier this week  have since dropped to about normal levels, however radiation levels are still high in various areas of northern Japan.

Decommissioning of older nuclear plants big problem: IAEA

Many of the 441 nuclear reactors operating worldwide were built in the 1970s and 1980s, with an average lifespan of about 35 years (including those at Fukushima plant).

“Their decommissioning peak will occur from 2020 to 2030 which will present a major managerial, technological, safety and environmental challenge to those states engaged in nuclear decommissioning,”  according to a draft safety report by IAEA.

Is it Safe?


Construction of 4 pressurized water reactors at Cattenom Nuclear power plant in France began in 1979. CC-License.

Countries with 10 or more nuclear reactors:

The United States: 104  (Highest number of operational units)
France: 58
Japan: 54
Russia: 32
S. Korea: 21
India: 20
UK: 19
Canada: 18
Germany: 17
Ukraine: 15
China: 13
Sweden: 10

The Basic Points that are Overlooked by the International Atomic Energy Clan

1. Earth is a seismic planet and earthquakes regularly strike various regions.

2. The Pacific Ring of fire is particularly prone to earthquakes, some of them large earthquakes [Megaquakes.]

3. Larger quakes  can and do rip through ALL structures.

4. Offshore megaquakes are invariably followed by large tsunamis.

5. Large tsunamis invariable inundate vast areas, starting with coastal areas.

6. Nuclear power plants use electrical devices to operate vital cooling systems.

7. When inundated, electrical systems invariably fail.

All of the above, of course, is academic.

Related Links

Posted in Cattenom Nuclear power plant, international atomic energy mafia, japan earthquake, Japan Earthquakes 2011, TEPCO | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Tokyo Water Radiation “TOO HIGH” for Infants

Posted by feww on March 23, 2011

updated at 12:00UTC

CONTAMINATED WATER TOO HOT FOR BABIES

High radiation levels in Tokyo’s tap water makes it unfit for infants to drink: Officials

Up to 210 becquerels per liter of radioactive iodine-131 have been detected in some of Tokyo’s tap water;  the safe level for infants is under 100 becquerels per liter.

Note: One becquerel (Bq) represents one nucleus decay per second in a given quantity of radioactive material. 1 GBq = 0.0270 Curie (Ci). Curie is an older unit of radioactivity equal to the decay of 1 gram of radium-226 ~ 1 Ci = 3.7 x 10^10 decays per second.

Tokyo residents have been warned not to give tap water to infants, but told the radiation poses no short-term health threat to adults.

Japan’s Prime Minister, Naoto Kan, has imposed a ban on a comprehensive range of agriculture produce from Fukushima and neighboring Ibaraki prefectures.

Much higher than normal radiation contamination has been detected on spinach and other green leaf vegetables, broccoli, cauliflower, parsley, edible flowers and milk, some as far 30 miles from the stricken nuclear plant, Japanese authorities say.

Meanwhile, the US FDA has announced that farm produce and agriculture produce including milk and milk products, and vegetables and fresh fruits from Fukushima and three other Japanese prefectures—Ibaraki, Tochigi and Gunma—won’t be allowed to enter the United States.

Fukushima Reactors 1, 2 and 3

Work at Reactor 2 was suddenly halted earlier today, but no explanation was given by the authorities, as of posting.

Rising temperature at Reactor 1 is causing mounting concern. The temperature had risen to about 400ºC, some 100 degrees higher than the design permits.

At 4:20pm JST, black smoke was seen rising above Reactor 3, forcing the authorities to evacuate technicians from the area. The cause of the smoke is not known/has not been revealed, as of posting, but the authorities said very high level of radiation was detected before the smoke was released.

Death Toll

About 23,000 people are dead or missing as a result of the March 11 Tohoku Megaquake and the ensuing deadly tsunami.

Japan Forced to Break with Tradition

The overwhelming number of victims and a shortage of kerosene required to cremate their bodies have forced Japan’s local authorities in the stricken prefectures to bury the dead.


Members of the Japan Ground Self Defense Force carry the coffin of a victim of the earthquake and tsunami at a temporary mass grave site in Higashi Matsushima, northern Japan March 23, 2011. REUTERS/Yuriko Nakao. Image may be subject to copyright. More images …

Aftershocks/New Earthquakes

Japan’s Tohoku region has been hit by at least 2 dozens significant aftershocks in the past 24 hours, with the 3 largest measuring 6.6, 6.4 and 6.6Mw.

Related Links

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Significant Seismicity in Tohoku Region, Japan

Posted by feww on March 22, 2011

3 Strong ‘Aftershocks’ Strike Tohoku Region Japan

The events, as reported by USGS, measured 6.6, 6.4 and 6.6Mw and struck within a 2.5 hour period.

The latest events could be foreshocks to yet another Megaquake in the region,  FIRE-EARTH believes.


List of today’s significant earthquakes, as of posting. Source: USGS


Earthquake Location Map. Source: USGS. Map enhanced by FIRE-EARTH.

Japan Meteorological Agency has recorded the events as 6.3, 6.3 and 6.2Mw shocks and has not issued any tsunami advisories, as of posting.

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Tohoku Tsunami Satellite Images

Posted by feww on March 20, 2011

Deadly Tohoku Tsunami – Before and After Images

Sendai’s Higashi-Matsushima Airport Inundated by Tsunami Floods


This radar image, obtained with the German Earth-observation satellite TerraSAR-X on 12 March 2011 at 21:43 CET, shows the effect of the tsunami on Higashi-Matsushima Airport and the port of Ishinomaki in the Sendai region on the east coast of Japan. The blue areas indicate flooding; the magenta-coloured areas reveal the extent of the destruction. Credit: DLR. Click image to enlarge (2.9MB)

The port of Sendai after the tsunami


Click image to enlarge (3.25MB)


Impact of the deadly Tohoku tsunami shown in a 12 March 2011 satellite image. The ‘before’ image is added for comparison. Credit: DLR/Rapid Eye. Click image to enlarge.

Death Toll Update

About 8,200 have perished, with another 12,300 people missing. Japanese police say as many as 15.000 people may have been killed in Miyagi prefecture alone.

Radiation Update

Taiwanese officials have found contamination in a batch of fava beans exported from Japan, although the amount, they said, was too small to be pose any threat to human health.

Links  to DLR Satellite Images

Disaster Extent Map – Japan – Sendai Region

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Japan’s Triple Disaster Update Mar 20

Posted by feww on March 20, 2011

UPDATED 12:00UTC

TEPCO FALSIFIED SAFETY RECORDS

Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO) the operator of Fukushima Daiichi NPP has admitted faking repair reports.

TEPCO submitted a report to the Japan’s nuclear watchdog on 28 February, 11 days before the Tohoku Megaquake, admitting it had not  inspected 33 pieces of equipment in the plant’s six reactors.

‘Long-term inspection plans and maintenance management were inadequate,’ the nuclear safety agency concluded in its follow-up report two days later.

The company also admitted that the voluntary inspections didn’t cover substantial section of the cooling systems, including water pumps and diesel generators.

In 2002, TEPCO again admitted to falsifying safety reports, prompting the nuclear safety authorities to shut down all 17 of its boiling-water reactors for  inspection, including Fukushima.

In 2007,  after an earthquake struck the Kashiwazaki Kariwa NPP, the world’s largest, TEPCO submitted false reports concerning the amount of radioactive leak.

Radioactive contamination found in food products from Fukushima prefecture: Officials

Radioactive iodine has been found in milk samples and spinach produced in the Fukushima and could be harmful to human health if ingested, Japan’s science and technology ministry reported.

Minute amounts of radioactive iodine have also been detected in tap water in Tokyo and five other prefectures neighboring Fukushima: Gunma, Tochigi, Niigata, Chiba and Saitama.

In addition to the iodine, traces of radioactive cesium have also been found in tap water in Gunma and Tochigi prefectures, the ministry added.

The radioactive traces fall within the government safety limits, but tests don’t normally show iodine contamination, AP reported.

Radioactive iodine has a short half-life of eight days, but it can poses short-term risk to human health if ingested. It can also cause damage to the thyroid gland, IAEA health experts say.

“Progress”

“We are making progress … (however) we shouldn’t be too optimistic,” the deputy-general at Japan’s Nuclear Safety Agency has said.

Fukushima Reactor 3, which contains plutonium, a highly radioactive element, has bee stabilized after being doused for a day with large volumes of  seawater.

UPDATE: Shortly after announcing Reactor 3 had been stabilized, the authorities said pressure was again building up in the reactor’s containment vessel.

Aftershocks

A magnitude 6.1 aftershock struck Ibaraki prefecture south of Fukushima on Saturday at 06:57 PM local time. However, no significant aftershocks were reported Sunday (local time), as of posting. But the “fireworks” are by no means over, FIRE-EARTH believes.

UPDATE: Magnitude 6.1 Strikes Near the East Coast of Honshu

Magnitude: 6.1
Date-Time: Sunday, March 20, 2011 at 12:03:48 UTC
Location: 39.365°N, 142.105°E
Depth: 53.1 km (33.0 miles)
Region: NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
Distances:

  • 90 km (55 miles) ESE of Morioka, Honshu, Japan
  • 139 km (86 miles) SSE of Hachinohe, Honshu, Japan
  • 162 km (100 miles) NE of Sendai, Honshu, Japan
  • 458 km (284 miles) NNE of TOKYO, Japan

Source: USGS

RADIATION RISKS TO HEALTH

A Joint Statement from the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, the American Thyroid Association, The Endocrine Society, and the Society of Nuclear Medicine

The recent nuclear reactor accident in Japan due to the earthquake and tsunami has raised fears of radiation exposure to populations in North America from the potential plume of radioactivity crossing the Pacific Ocean. The principal radiation source of concern is radioactive iodine including iodine-131, a radioactive isotope that presents a special risk to health because iodine is concentrated in the thyroid gland and exposure of the thyroid to high levels of radioactive iodine may lead to development of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer years later. During the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident in 1986, people in the surrounding region were exposed to radioactive iodine principally from intake of food and milk from contaminated farmlands. As demonstrated by the Chernobyl experience, pregnant women, fetuses, infants and children are at the highest risk for developing thyroid cancer whereas adults over age 20 are at negligible risk.

Radioiodine uptake by the thyroid can be blocked by taking potassium iodide (KI) pills or solution, most importantly in these sensitive populations. However, KI should not be taken in the absence of a clear risk of exposure to a potentially dangerous level of radioactive iodine because potassium iodide can cause allergic reactions, skin rashes, salivary gland inflammation, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism in a small percentage of people. Since radioactive iodine decays rapidly, current estimates indicate there will not be a hazardous level of radiation reaching the United States from this accident. When an exposure does warrant KI to be taken, it should be taken as directed by physicians or public health authorities until the risk for significant exposure to radioactive iodine dissipates, but probably for no more than 1-2 weeks. With radiation accidents, the greatest risk is to populations close to the radiation source. While some radiation may be detected in the United States and its territories in the Pacific as a result of this accident, current estimates indicate that radiation amounts will be little above baseline atmospheric levels and will not be harmful to the thyroid gland or general health.

We discourage individuals needlessly purchasing or hoarding of KI in the United States. Moreover, since there is not a radiation emergency in the United States or its territories, we do not support the ingestion of KI prophylaxis at this time. Our professional societies will continue to monitor potential risks to health from this accident and will issue amended advisories as warranted.
______________________________________________________________________
For additional information, please contact Stephanie Kutler, Director of Government and Public Affairs, at skutler@endo-society.org.

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Tsunami-hit Sendai Coast – Satellite Images

Posted by feww on March 19, 2011

Tsunami impact on Sendai, Japan


Flooded fields on the tsunami-hit Sendai coast. Some of the fields are still waterlogged a week after the deadly tsunami spawned by the 9.0Mw Tohoku Megaquake caused much destruction along Japan’s eastern coast of Honshu. Photo-like image taken by ALI on NASA’s EO-1 satellite on March 18, 2011. Click image to enlarge. Download larger image (7 MB, JPEG)

Death Toll

Death toll in Japan’s twin disasters has reached about 7,400 with up to 11,000 others still missing.

Less Love for the Japanese Victims?

US charitable organizations have raised $64 million for Japan since the Tohoku Megaquake struck last Friday, a report said.

Six days after the Haiti earthquake struck, however, the same charities had raised $210 million. And in a similar period after Hurricane Katrina hit the US Gulf Coast they had raised $457 million.

Canadians also donated far less money to Japan than they did Haiti, a report said.

In the week following Haiti’s devastating quake last year, the Humanitarian Coalition (CARE Canada, Oxfam Canada, Oxfam-Québec and Save the Children Canada) raised $3.5 million. In the last 7 days, however, they have only raised $450,000 for Japan.

One reason might be that donors no longer trust charity organizations. They are wising up to the money black hole created by the international charity mafia. The sad fact is a great number of charities eat up as much as 95% of the contribution dollars. [See also comments about Haiti donations posted on this blog.]

Related Links

Tsunami and Megaquake Satellite Images:

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Japan Megaquake Shaking Intensity

Posted by feww on March 19, 2011

Tohoku Megaquake Shaking Intensity Map


Click image to enlarge. Download larger image (743 KB, JPEG)

A map of ground motion and shaking intensity from the Tohoku megaquake across Japan, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Source: NASA-EO

Shakemap


Other formats: Click here.

Historic Seismicity


Source: USGS/EHP


Source: USGS/EHP

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Japan Tsunami Rikuzentakata Damage – Satellite Images

Posted by feww on March 18, 2011

Tsunami Damage to Rikuzentakata City, Japan


Click Image to enlarge. Download larger image (6 MB, JPEG)  – acquired March 14, 2011


Click Image to enlarge.
Download larger image (6 MB, JPEG) – acquired March 1, 200

The city of Rikuzentakata (population: 24,000) in Japan’s Iwate prefecture was almost entirely obliterated after the 9.0Mw megaquake and ensuing deadly tsunami struck. The above false-color images were taken by the ASTER instrument on NASA’s Terra satellite before and after the disaster. Source: NASA-EO.

The Human Toll

The official death toll in the Megaquake and the tsunami disasters, which is based on names registered with the authorities, stands at 5,695 perished with 9,503 people listed as missing, as of posting. Fire-Earth has previously stated that the actual death toll could reach into tens of thousands due to the severity of the twin catastrophes, a fear that has now been echoed by the Kyodo News Agency.

Homeless and Displaced

Up to 400,000 people are currently in temporary shelters, mostly school gymnasiums, enduring severe shortages of water food, warm clothing, heating fuel and all other basic essentials.

Aftershocks

The disaster zone is still bombarded with aftershocks, which are expected to continue for many weeks, possibly months. About 340 significant aftershocks (Magnitude ≥5.0) have swarmed the region since the Megaquake struck exactly a week ago.

Fukushima Nuclear Mess

An update will be posted later.

Related Links:

Tsunami and Megaquake Satellite Images:

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Japan Tsunami Floods Kitakami – Satellite Images

Posted by feww on March 17, 2011

Deadly Tsunami Spawned by Japan Megaquake Floods Kitakami River Basin


Click image to enlarge. Download larger image (3 MB, JPEG) –  acquired March 14, 201


Click image to enlarge.
Download larger image (4 MB, JPEG) acquired January 16, 2011

The magnitude 9.0 megaquake that struck northeastern Honshu, Japan on March 11, 2011, spawned a deadly tsunami which inundated vast coastal areas along the eastern seaboard of the country’s main island. Top image shows flooded croplands and settlements along the Kitakami River, which was taken by ASTER on NASA’s Terra satellite on March 14, 2011. The bottom image posted for comparison was taken two months earlier. Source: NASA-EO.

Megaquake and Tsunami, Nuclear Power Plant Crisis  -UPDATE (17 March 2011, at 05:00 UTC)

The confirmed death toll from Friday’s 9.0Mw megaquake and  tsunami has climbed to 5,178, police said. At least 8,606 people are still missing.

The US state department has advised the US citizens living within 80km of Fukushima Daiichi NPP to leave the area. Japanese government’s exclusion zone is 20km, with a 20-30km caution zone.

Intelligent People and Nuclear Power Plants

The governor of Fukushima prefecture, where the doomed  nuclear plant is located, has complained that the NPP evacuees lack basic necessities, including sufficient hot food, warm clothes  and water, reports say.

As of Sunday March 13, about 230,000 people had been evacuated from the vicinity of the badly damaged nuclear plants, according to a government report.

More Serious Than Reported

TheUS Nuclear Regulatory Commission chairman, Greg Jaczko, has told a congressional energy and commerce subcommittee hearing in Washington that problems with attempts to cool the troubled reactors are more serious than reported.

“We believe that around the reactor site there are high levels of radiation.”

“[It's] very difficult for emergency workers to get near the reactors. The doses they could experience would potentially be lethal doses in a very short period of time” he told the US lawmakers.

Three Mile Island

Meanwhile, the US Energy Secretary said the situation seemed to be more serious than the 1979 partial meltdown of the Three Mile Island NNP in Pennsylvania.

According to nuke scientists in France, the Three Mile Island partial meltdown was a 5 on a scale of 1 to 7, with the Chernobyl core meltdown scoring 7, and the Fukushima NPP crisis so far rating 6 in severity.

Related Links:

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Tsunami Damage at Ishinomaki, Japan – Satellite Images

Posted by feww on March 15, 2011

Tsunami-hit Ishinomaki: Total Destruction


Click here to download larger image
(3 MB, JPEG) –  acquired March 14, 2011


Click here to download larger  image
(4 MB, JPEG)  –  acquired August 8, 2008

City of Ishinomaki was one of the worst hit areas when the deadly tsunami struck on March 11, 2011. The two false color images above were taken by ASTER on NASA’s Terra satellite, the top image on March 14, the lower image on August 8, 2008 (included for comparison). Source: NASA-EO. Click images to enlarge.


NASA’s MISR Images Tsunami Flooding Along Japan’s Eastern Coast of Honshu


Annotated Image. Click to enlarge.

Original Caption: The extent of inundation from the destructive and deadly tsunami triggered by the March 11, 2011, magnitude [9.0] earthquake centered off Japan’s northeastern coast about 130 kilometers (82 miles) east of the city of Sendai is revealed in this image pair from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument on NASA’s Terra spacecraft. The new image, shown on the right, was acquired at 10:30 a.m. local time (01:30 UTC) on March 12, 2011 during Terra orbit 59731. For comparison, a MISR image from March 16, 2001, acquired under nearly identical illumination conditions during Terra orbit 6607, is shown on the left.

From top to bottom, each image extends from just north of the Abukuma River (which is about 21 kilometers, or 13 miles, south of Sendai) to south of the town of Minamisoma (population 71,000, located in Japan’s Fukushima Prefecture about 70 kilometers, or 44 miles, south of Sendai), and covers an area of 78 kilometers (48 miles) by 104 kilometers (65 miles). Flooding extending more than 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) inland from the eastern shoreline is visible in the post-earthquake image. The white sand beaches visible in the pre-earthquake view are now covered by water and can no longer be seen. Among the locations where severe flooding is visible is the area around Matsukawa-ura Bay, located just north and east of the image center.

These unique images enhance the presence of water in two ways. First, their near-infrared observations cause vegetated areas to appear red, which contrasts strongly with water. Second, by combining nadir (vertical-viewing) imagery with observations acquired at a view angle of 26 degrees, reflected sunglint enhances the brightness of water, which is shown in shades of blue. This use of observations at different view angles causes a stereoscopic effect, where elevated clouds have a yellow tinge at their top edges and blue tinge at their bottom edges.

Image Credit:NASA/GSFC/LaRC/JPL, MISR Team

Other NASA images of the Megaquake and Tsunami-hit Honshu Coast

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Worst Disaster since WWII: Japan PM

Posted by feww on March 14, 2011

WARNING: SEISMIC CHAIN REACTIONS MAY OCCUR IN JAPAN REGION

CONTINUED OCCURRENCES OF SIGNIFICANT AFTERSHOCKS COULD LEAD TO A SEISMIC CHAIN REACTION UNLEASHING MORE MEGA QUAKES IN JAPAN REGION AND/OR SURROUNDING REGIONS: FIRE-EARTH

[Time Period: Up to 18 months from now; probability ≥0.6]

March 14, 2011 at 00:48 UTC

The Aftermath of Japan’s Megaquake and the Unfolding Nuclear Crisis is Japan’s Worst Calamity since World War II:  Prime Minister Naoto Kan

This Page would be updated throughout today, as new information becomes available.

Japan’s  Nuclear Crisis:

The cooling system has failed at a third nuclear facility in Japan, following the M9.0 Mega Quake near Sendai.

The Tokai Nuclear Plant in Ibaraki prefecture is causing great concern. Two of its three diesel generators used to operate the cooling system have failed. The plant is located about 120km north of Tokyo.


Tokai 1 and 2 Nuclear Power Plants. Click image to enlarge and view licensing details.

Built in 1962, 1 was Japan’s first nuclear power plant. Having generated electricity for about 32 years it was decommission in 1998.  Tokai 2 was built in 1973 and commissioned in 1978,  Japan’s largest at the time with a generating capacity of  1,060 MW.

Meanwhile, a state of emergency has been declared at the Onagawa plant, where radiation readings have exceeded allowed limits, said Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency.


Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant is located in  Ishinomaki city, Miyagi Prefecture, and is operated by the Tohoku Electric Power Company.  Click image to enlarge and view licensing details.

The latest declaration is the third to be issued by the agency, with the first two still in force at Fukushima plant Nos 1 and 2.

  • At Fukushima Plant No.1, at least two reactors may be experiencing partial meltdown.   As a last option, sea water is being pumped into reactors 1 and 3 to prevent them from total core meltdown.
  • On May 12 an explosion said to have been caused by hydrogen buildup tore through the walls of containment building of reactor 1.
  • Up to 4 other reactors face the threat of explosion, due to excessive pressure, and possibly meltdown.
  • As of 10:00UTC Saturday  May 12,  up to 300 people had received varying degrees of radiation, including 60 students at high school in Fukushima located about 3.5km from Plant No. 1, who were waiting to be evacuated.
  • UPDATE: Radiation at Onagawa plant has returned to operating background levels, Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency has announced.
  • Up to 170,000 people have been evacuated from a 20-km radii of Fukushima Plants 1 and 2.
  • Tens of thousands of people were due to be evacuated from a 20-km radius of  the Tokai plant.

People throughout Japan have been asked tio save electricity. About 1.8 million customers are currently without power.

In Tokyo area there’s a sever shortage of electricity, with only 75 percent of the demand currently being met. [Demand: 41 gigawatt;  supply: 31 gigawatt]

Second Round of Tsunami Warnings

Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)  issued a new round of Tsunami Warnings for Japan Region at 03:20 JST, Saturday March 12. A Major Tsunami Warning covered the entire eastern seaboards of Honshu and Hokkaido islands.

See below for tsunami map and list of the prefectures under TSUNAMI WARNING.


Source: JMA. Click image to enlarge.

Maximum Tsunami Observation

The following Tsunami Observation Map (NUMBER 64) was issued at 18:05 JST 13 Mar 2011.

The Surviving Victims of the Mega Quake and Tsunami

The surviving victims are well and truly trapped. There are  severe shortages of water, food and fuel, as well as clothes, sanitation and other basic amenities. Large areas have had no electricity sine the Megaquake struck about 70 hours ago. Many people are attempting to leave the disaster zones; however, there are no plains, trains or any other form of transport.  Automobiles are not going anywhere, anytime soon.  There are long lines of vehicles outside gas stations waiting to be filled, some reportedly as long as 10-mile. Many people are sleeping in their car in order not to miss their turn.

Many roads have been destroyed or severely damaged in Miyagi prefecture, as far as in the Tokyo area, in northern Japan, and in the far-northern Iwate prefecture. The toll road highways are restricted to emergency vehicles only, according to reports.

The Aftershocks

As expected, the aftershock, some of them powerful quakes in their own right, continue to rattle the eastern seaboard of Japan’s main island of Honshu.

10-degree Map Centered at 40°N,140°E


Earthquake Location Map.
Source: USGS. Click image to enlarge.

List of Significant Aftershocks (≥M5.0)

March 14 UTC

March 13 UTC


March 12 UTC

March 11 UTC


Source: USGS.  Click images to enlarge.

The Death Toll and the Number of Missing

More than 2,000 bodies have been found this morning on the shores of Miyagi prefecture, the area worst affected by the tsunami,  Kyodo news agency has just reported. The latest gruesome discovery brings the total death toll so far to about 4,000. At least 10,000 others are believed to be missing.

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FIRE-EARTH Forecasts: Japan Earthquakes

Posted by feww on March 13, 2011

Japan Earthquakes: A Summary of Forecasts by FIRE-EARTH Blog

A number of colleagues and some of our readers have asked for a summary of the earthquake forecasts for Japan that were made by this blog.

1. On May 18, 2009 FIRE-EARTH said:

Earthquake Forecast: Tokyo, Japan

A powerful earthquake could strike near south coast of Honshu in late June – September 2009

FEWW Forecast: A magnitude 7.8+ quake could strike the Tokyo Bay area in the next 30-90 days.

Details of Forecast

Magnitude: 7.8 or larger
Estimated Date:  June 14, 2009 [Uncertainty T+ 60 days]
Epicenter: 35.56°N,  139.98ºE
Location: Tokyo Bay, Tokyo, Japan
Depth: 8km [Uncertainty: +/- 2.4km]
Distances:

  • 8 km south of Tokyo Disneyland
  • 12 km SE of Imperial Palace
  • 14 km WSW of Chiba City
  • 19 km NE of Yokohama

Horizontal Uncertainty: +/- 3.8 km
Probability of Occurrence: 0.8

2. Between 9 – 12  August 2009, within the 60-day uncertainty time period stated in the forecast, 3 strong to powerful shocks struck Japan Region redistributing the earthquake stress energy and affecting the FIRE-EARTH Tokyo EQ Forecast:

3rd Powerful Quake in 3 Days Strikes Japan Region

1. A powerful earthquake measuring 7.1Mw struck about 165km W of Hachijo-jima, Izu Islands, Japan, at a depth of 303.1km at on August 9, 2009 at 10:55:56 UTC. [EQ No 1 on the location map below.]

2. A strong earthquake measuring 6.4 occurred about 30km SSW of Shizuoka, Japan, at a depth of 30km at 20:07:07 UTC on Monday, August 10, 2009. [No 2 on the location map below.]

3. A 3rd earthquake [this report] measuring 6.7 occurred about 60km ESE of Hachijo-jima, Izu Islands, Japan region at a depth of 51 km at 22:48:51 UTC on August 12, 2009. [No 3 on the location map below.]

Location map japan quakes
Location map of the three significant earthquakes that struck Japan between 9 and 12 August 2009. Original Map: USGS

3.  On August 17, 2009 after a 4th strong quake had struck Japan Region, having analyzed the new data, FIRE-EARTH forecast that as many as 10 additional magnitude 6+ quakes could yet strike the region [before a catastrophic event occurs.]

4th Powerful Quake Strikes Japan Region

Posted by feww on August 17, 2009

Magnitude 6.8 Quake Strikes Ryukyu Islands, Japan

FEWW Moderators had predicted more powerful earthquakes in the region last week, and now believe as many as 10 additional magnitude 6+ quakes could yet strike the region in coming weeks

Volcanic Activity Forecast

FEWW Moderators also believe there is a strong probability (0.8+) that the submarine Unnamed Volcano located East of Taiwan at 24.00N, 121.83E could erupt in 2009. [See previous comment.]

4. See  below for a list of the shocks forecasted.

5. List of the Latest Forecasts

JAPAN’s Sendai Quake Aftershocks

At least 25 aftershocks have been reported by Japan’s Meteorological Agency (JMA) since yesterday’s powerful 7.2Mw quake which struck off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture, about 168km east of the city of Sendai.

Two of the largest shocks measured M6.1 and 6.8, striking Sanriku Oki region at 03:45 JST [03:51 JST 10 Mar 2011] and 06:24 JST  [06:29 JST 10 Mar 2011] respectively.

FIRE-EARTH forecasts intense seismic activity in Japan Region during the 2011 – 2015 period.

Further deatails would be released on the need-to-know basis, partly to prevent Internet prophets from cashing in on FIRE-EARTH forecasts.

FEWW Forecast

More powerful earthquakes, some related to this event, could strike Japan Region, much closer to the coastal areas.

On June 13, 2010, FIRE-EARTH forecast

Fire Earth Model shows that Japan region could be struck by up to 4 additional strong to large earthquakes possibly this year/early next year, one of which could be a catastrophic event.

Fire-Earth Quake Forecast: Japan Earthquakes

Japan region could be struck by up to 3 additional strong to large earthquakes by end 2010/early 2011, one of which could be a catastrophic event.

Waves of Intense Seismic Activity Could Strike Eastern Honshu, Japan

The earthquakes could affect a wide region within 100 to 150 km radius of Tokyo Bay area.

FIRE-EARTH forecasts intense seismic activity in Japan Region during the 2011 – 2015 period.

Further deatails would be released on the need-to-know basis, partly to prevent Internet prophets from cashing in on FIRE-EARTH forecasts.

6. NEW FORECAST: As Many as 4 Large Earthquakes Could  Strike Japan Region by 2015

This quake may be a foreshock, with a larger event yet to follow: FIRE-EARTH

7. In 2011 Much More Disastrous

Posted by feww on September 13, 2010, FEWW warned:

2011 SIX TIMES MORE DISASTROUS THAN 2010

Global Disasters in 2011 Could Impact 1/3 to 1/2 of the Human Population

The impact of anthropogenic and human-enhanced natural disasters on the population will be 600 percent more severe in 2011 compared with 2010: Fire-Earth Forecast

Earth is critically wounded and diseased as a result of human assault and battery.

Humans’ first wave of serious [near-fatal] assault on the planet began in the early 1980s and has since heightened in severity.

Our feverish planet‘s fight against the pathogens is entering a critical phase. The earth’s defense mechanism is employing geophysical  phenomenon, as a result of which the impact of natural disasters on human population is intensifying.

In 2007 EDRO models showed that the intensity of disasters caused as a result of the planet’s self-healing process would lead to the first wave of collapse of the population centers, globally by about 2012.

It has!

The collapse has already started and would ultimately lead to the extinction [possibly the near-extinction] of human race.

For the EDRO forecast to be true, the final years leading to the start of collapse, namely 2010, 2011 and 2012, must necessarily be progressively more disastrous.

Based on its models, Fire-Earth Moderators forecast in late December 2009 that 2010 would prove to be the most disastrous year on record. And with more than 100 days left to the end of this year, the forecast has already proven to be true and accurate.

What about 2011?

Fire-Earth models show that the impact of anthropogenic and human-enhanced natural disasters would be about 600 percent more severe in 2011 compared with this year.

Based on our findings, we estimate that between one-third and one-half of the world population could be affected in some way by various disasters that are forecast to occur in 2011.

Related Links

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Japan’s Tsunami Floods – Satellite Images

Posted by feww on March 13, 2011

The images don’t show much, but that’s all NASA-EO has released so far!

Earthquake and Tsunami near Sendai, Japan


True-color image acquired by MODIS on NASA’s Aqua satellite at 12:10 pm local time on March 12, 2011. Download larger image (11 MB, JPEG). Click image to enlarge.

Flooding from Tsunami near Sendai, Japan


Download larger image
(9 MB, JPEG) - acquired March 12, 2011


Download larger  image (15 MB, JPEG) - acquired February 26, 2011.  Click images to enlarge.

The two images of ‘Flooding from Tsunami’ were made with a combination of infrared and visible light to enhance the contrast between land and water. “NASA’s Terra satellite’s first view of northeastern Japan in the wake of a devastating earthquake and tsunami reveal extensive flooding along the coast. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) acquired the top image of the Sendai region on March 12, 2011, at 10:30 a.m.” The lower image dated February 26, 2011, is provided as reference.  Water is black or dark blue; plant-covered land is green;  snow-covered areas are pale blue; clouds are white and pale blue; paved areas in the city of Sendai is shown in brown. Source: NASA-EO.

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Meltdown Threat at a Sixth Fukushima Reactor

Posted by feww on March 13, 2011

A 6th Reactor at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Faces Core Meltdown

Pressure buildup has reached a critical level in a sixth reactor at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency has said in a statement.

Authorities are pumping in massive amounts of seawater to cool down all the reactors at the two Fukushima plants.

Radiation has reportedly been detected outside more than one reactor unit as a total of 6 reactors are either undergoing at least partial meltdown, or face the eminent threat of  explosion or meltdown

Meanwhile, Japan govt has mobilized a rescue team consisting of more than 100,000 personnel to assist victims of the deadly earthquake and tsunami.

According to the latest NHK news bulletin, the rescue and recovery teams in Miyagi prefecture have recovered  another 200 bodies. The official death toll currently stands at more than 1,000, with another 1,000 reported as missing,  but the total could reach into many thousands, possibly tens of thousands.

A video of the first explosion at Fukushima Plant No. 1

Comment by an Expert

“An early tipoff that Japanese authorities felt that events at Fukushima were very serious was the ordering of an evacuation within a couple of hours of the earthquake.  Though the area was small and the evacuation was called ‘precautionary,’ the fact is that ordering several thousand more people into motion during the immediate aftermath of a major earthquake and tsunami is something that no government would do if it could possibly help it.” Said a former member of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Peter Bradford.

Trying to avert multiple core meltdown

Tokyo Electric Power Co is planning to vent more steam from the core containment units to reduce the danger of explosion and core meltdown, but that entails releasing even more radiation into the environment.

Power Shortages

Several areas near the quake area have been without electricity [as well as water, gas and phone services] since the megaquake struck two days ago.

Tokyo electricity is currently buying power from western Japan districts, and people have been asked to conserve electricity.

Mounting Aftershocks

A total of 170 significant aftershocks (≥5.0) have now struck near the east coat of Honshu, mostly close to the Mega Quake’s epicenter.

The Sinking Land

The land in many areas of Miyagi prefecture has sunk by about 70cm, trapping water brought in buy the deadly tsunami waves.

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Ghost Towns Left Behind by Japan’s Deadly Tsunami

Posted by feww on March 12, 2011

A Dozen Towns Have Been Obliterated by Japan’s Megaquake-Spawned Tsunami

Japanese authorities say they have been unable so far to establish contact with local officials in about a dozen towns spanning the NE Honshu area. Some of the towns are believed to have been completely destroyed by the deadly tsunami.

In the small seaside town of Minami Sanriku (Population17,800), located in Miyagi prefecture and now almost completely wiped off the map, the authorities have established the whereabouts of of 7,500 residents who were evacuated; however, the fate of the remaining 10,300 people is unknown.

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Meltdown Confirmed at Fukushima Nuke Power Reactors

Posted by feww on March 12, 2011

NUKE PLANTS IN QUAKE ZONES: EXPLOSIVE MIX!

BREAKING NEWS

Massive Explosion at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, Core Meltdown Occurring: Scientists

The explosion tore down the walls of a unit within the Fukushima power plant Saturday as a large plume of smoke poured out.  Several workers were reported injured, and Japanese officials said a reactor core meltdown was likely to occur.

Independent scientists have since confirmed that, based on the available evidence, reactor core meltdown must be occurring.

The pressure in the reactor had built up to more than twice the normal level, after the shutdown of cooling systems caused by the Sendai Mega Quake and its ensuing Tsunami. The Plant is now venting “radioactive vapors,”  Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said in a statement. Radioactive iodine and caesium has been detected outside the No. 1 one reactor of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi No. 1 plant, the agency said, adding that the uranium fuel rods inside the reactor may have begun melting.

Radioactive steam has been allowed to escape from a number of the reactors at the two Fukushima plants  in order to relieve the huge pressure that has built up inside the cores.

Tens of thousands of people living within the 20-km radius of the No. 1 plant and 10-km radius of No.2 plant  have now been evacuated.

Meanwhile, Japan’s Prime Minister has declared a state of emergency at the two Fukushima nuclear power plants.

As many as 300 people have received varying degrees of radiation, including 60 students at high school in Fukushima located about 3.5km from Plant No. 1, who were waiting to be evacuated.

The reactor core meltdown is feared to be “much worse” than the Three-Mile Island incident.

Background

Related Links

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JAPAN MEGA QUAKE UPDATE 3 – March 12

Posted by feww on March 12, 2011

First Wave of Collapsing Cities Intensifying

New Earthquake West of Honshu Unleashes Avalanches, Destroys Large Sections of Nagano Railway

The quake measuring up to 6.6Mw struck about 45km NNE of Nagano, the capital city of Nagano Prefecture, west coast of Honshu.

The quake struck at a depth of about 10km Friday, March 11, 2011 at 18:59 UTC (3:59am local time), triggering large landslides and avalanches in the snow-topped mountainous area, and destroying roads and railway sections.


EQ Location Map. Source: USGS. Map enhanced by FIRE-EARTH

Sendai Mega Quake – Update March 12

NEW Major Tsunamis Warnings

Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) has issued a new round of Tsunami Warnings for Japan Region, including Major Tsunamis Warnings for at least 18 prefectures (states) on the eastern coast of Hokkaido island, NE, E and southeastern coast of Honshu island.

Meanwhile, as the extent of damage becomes clear, witnesses speak of “colossal damage” from the Mega Quake and its associated Tsunami, with entire towns “washed away” along the eastern coast of Honshu.

FIRE-EARTH has estimated that the cost of damage could reach a trillion dollars.

Radiation Leak at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant

Radiation Leak Confirmed at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Reactor No. 1, Following Sendai Mega Quake

Nuclear reactor No. 1

Japanese authorities have confirmed radiation leak at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Reactor No. 1, and have evacuated people living with a 10-km radius of the reactor.

Nuclear reactor No. 2

They now fear radiation leak at the Plant’s Reactor No. 2, and have evacuated people living within a 3-km radius  of that reactor. They have also put on evacuation notice everyone living within a 10-km radius of the reactor

Death Toll from Sendai Mega Quake and the Tsunami

Confirmed death toll stands at 242 victims, with more than a 1,000 people reported as missing, as of 02:00UTC Saturday, March 12, 2011.

Earthquake FIRES

  • There are at least 50 large to major fires still burning, as of posting.
  • The 3 fires at Cosmo Oil Refinery in Ichihara City, Chiba prefecture (near Tokyo) were burning out of control, as of latest reports.
  • The Kawasaki Steel Plant in Soga city (also in Chiba Pref) has reportedly “exploded.”

Aftershocks

At least 130 significant aftershocks (≥5.0Mw) have struck near March 11 Sendai Mega Quake, with the   latest measuring 6.8Mw timed at 01:47:16 UTC Saturday, March 12, 2011.


EQ Location Map of the latest significant aftershock measuring 6.8Mw. Source: USGS

Largest 5 Earthquakes Since 1900

The Sendai Mega Quake was the 5th largest earthquake to occur globally since 1900. The following image and list show the location, magnitude and other details of the shocks.


Click image to enlarge. Source: USGS/EHP

Location Date UTC Magnitude Lat. Long. Reference
1. Chile 1960 05 22 9.5 -38.29 -73.05 Kanamori, 1977
2. Prince William Sound, Alaska 1964 03 28 9.2 61.02 -147.65 Kanamori, 1977
3. Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra 2004 12 26 9.1 3.30 95.78 Park et al., 2005
4. Kamchatka 1952 11 04 9.0 52.76 160.06 Kanamori, 1977
5. Offshore East Coast of Honshu, Japan 2011 03 11 8.9 38.32°N -142.37°E FIRE-EARTH

A list of the 15 largest earthquakes since 1900 is available at USGS site.

Map of Sendai Mega Quake

A map of the location of the Sendai March 11 Mega Quake, including foreshocks (dotted lines) and aftershocks (solid lines) incorporating elevation data from NASA’s Shuttle Radar Topography Mission and ocean bathymetry data from the BODC. Source NASA-EO. Click image to enlarge. Download larger image (398 KB, JPEG).  Acquired March 11, 2011.

Related Links:

Posted in japan earthquake, Japan earthquake forecast, japan earthquake map, Japan earthquake Shuttle Radar Topography map | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

 
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